Patents by Inventor Victor H. Yin

Victor H. Yin has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Publication number: 20240045259
    Abstract: An electronic device may include a projection display that has a high transparency when the display is turned off. The high off-state transparency may create the appearance of the display being invisible in the off-state, which may be desirable in certain electronic devices. The projection display may include an adjustable diffuser, a spatial light modulator that projects images onto the adjustable diffuser, a mirror that reflects the images from the spatial light modulator to the adjustable diffuser, and a light source that provides light to the spatial light modulator. The projection display may also include an adjustable opacity layer that is controlled based on detected ambient light levels. The projection display may also include an adjustable reflectivity layer. The adjustable diffuser and/or light source may be pixelated to increase contrast in the projection display.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 2, 2023
    Publication date: February 8, 2024
    Inventors: Tao Zhan, Joshua A Spechler, Jun Qi, Ling Han, Rong Liu, Victor H Yin
  • Publication number: 20240038200
    Abstract: An electronic device may be provided with a display. The display may be formed from liquid crystal display pixels, organic light-emitting diode pixels, or other pixels. The display may have an active area that is bordered along at least one edge by an inactive area. The active area contains pixels and displays images. The inactive area does not contain any pixels and does not display images. The inactive area may have a layer of black ink or other masking material to block internal components from view. The active area may have an opening that contains an isolated portion of the inactive area or may contain a recess into which a portion of the inactive area protrudes. An electrical component such as a speaker, camera, light-emitting diode, light sensor, or other electrical device may be mounted in the inactive area in the recess or opening of the active area.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 16, 2023
    Publication date: February 1, 2024
    Inventors: Mikael M. Silvanto, Dinesh C. Mathew, Victor H. Yin
  • Publication number: 20240036238
    Abstract: A privacy film may have a light-blocking layer that is interposed between first and second transparent substrates. The light-blocking layer may have a plurality of opaque portions and a plurality of transparent portions. The opaque portions may be shaped to ensure light from the display is directed only to the primary viewer of the display. Each opaque portion of the light-blocking layer may extend along a respective longitudinal axis between the first and second transparent substrates. Privacy films used to cover curved displays may have opaque portions that extend along longitudinal axes that have different angles relative to the transparent substrates. Opaque portions in the edge of the privacy film may have longitudinal axes that are at non-perpendicular angles with respect to the transparent substrates. A privacy film for a curved display may also include a light-redirecting layer such as a prism layer or a liquid crystal layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 10, 2023
    Publication date: February 1, 2024
    Inventors: Yi Huang, Steven M. Scardato, ByoungSuk Kim, Jun Qi, Victor H. Yin, Wenyong Zhu
  • Patent number: 11874559
    Abstract: A display may have a pixel array such as a liquid crystal pixel array. The pixel array may be illuminated with backlight illumination from a direct-lit backlight unit. The backlight unit may include an array of light-emitting diodes (LEDs) on a printed circuit board. The display may have a notch to accommodate an input-output component. Reflective layers may be included in the notch. The backlight may include a color conversion layer with a property that varies as a function of position. The light-emitting diodes may be covered by a slab of encapsulant with recesses in an upper surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 2021
    Date of Patent: January 16, 2024
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Meizi Jiao, Joshua A. Spechler, Jie Xiang, Zhenyue Luo, Chungjae Lee, Morteza Amoorezaei, Mengyang Liang, Xinyu Zhu, Mingxia Gu, Jun Qi, Eric L. Benson, Victor H. Yin, Youchul Jeong, Xiang Fang, Yanming Li, Michael J. Lee, Marianna C. Sbordone, Ari P. Miller, Edward J. Cooper, Michael C. Sulkis, Francesco Ferretti, Seth G. McFarland, Mary M. Morrison, Eric N. Vergo, Terence Chan, Ian A. Guy, Keith J. Hendren, Sunitha Chandra
  • Patent number: 11861110
    Abstract: An electronic device may have a display with touch sensors. One or more shielding layers may be interposed between the display and the touch sensors. The shielding layers may include shielding structures such as a conductive mesh structure and/or a transparent conductive film. The shielding structures may be actively driven or passively biased. In the active driving scheme, one or more inverting circuits may receive a noise signal from a cathode layer in the display and/or from the shielding structures, invert the received noise signal, and drive the inverted noise signal back onto the shielding structures to prevent any noise from the display from negatively impacting the performance of the touch sensors. In the passive biasing scheme, the shielding structures may be biased to a power supply voltage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 2022
    Date of Patent: January 2, 2024
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Rungrot Kitsomboonloha, Donggeon Han, Jason N Gomez, Kyung Wook Kim, Nikolaus Hammler, Pei-En Chang, Saman Saeedi, Shih Chang Chang, Shinya Ono, Suk Won Hong, Szu-Hsien Lee, Victor H Yin, Young-Jik Jo, Yu-Heng Cheng, Joyan G Sanctis, Hongwoo Lee
  • Publication number: 20230378405
    Abstract: A system may have an external display that presents content to viewers outside of the system. The external display may have a display panel with an array of pixels formed from light-emitting diodes. Optical films that help collimate and homogenize light from the light-emitting diode pixels may overlap the light-emitting diodes. A transparent cover may overlap the display. The transparent cover may have an outer surface and an opposing inner surface. The outer surface and inner surface may be planar or may have a curved cross-sectional profile. An optical louver layer or other solar rejection layer may be interposed between the inner surface of the transparent cover and the display panel. The louver layer may have a series of elongated parallel louvers formed from an opaque polymer or other material. The louvers may be configured to block sunlight reflections while allowing images on the display panel to be viewed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 10, 2023
    Publication date: November 23, 2023
    Inventors: Yu P Sun, Jun Qi, Rong Liu, Ziruo Hong, Victor H Yin, Tao Zhan, Yong Seok Choi
  • Patent number: 11822103
    Abstract: A privacy film may have a light-blocking layer that is interposed between first and second transparent substrates. The light-blocking layer may have a plurality of opaque portions and a plurality of transparent portions. The opaque portions may be shaped to ensure light from the display is directed only to the primary viewer of the display. Each opaque portion of the light-blocking layer may extend along a respective longitudinal axis between the first and second transparent substrates. Privacy films used to cover curved displays may have opaque portions that extend along longitudinal axes that have different angles relative to the transparent substrates. Opaque portions in the edge of the privacy film may have longitudinal axes that are at non-perpendicular angles with respect to the transparent substrates. A privacy film for a curved display may also include a light-redirecting layer such as a prism layer or a liquid crystal layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 24, 2021
    Date of Patent: November 21, 2023
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Yi Huang, Steven M. Scardato, ByoungSuk Kim, Jun Qi, Victor H. Yin, Wenyong Zhu
  • Patent number: 11823645
    Abstract: An electronic device may be provided with a display. The display may be formed from liquid crystal display pixels, organic light-emitting diode pixels, or other pixels. The display may have an active area that is bordered along at least one edge by an inactive area. The active area contains pixels and displays images. The inactive area does not contain any pixels and does not display images. The inactive area may have a layer of black ink or other masking material to block internal components from view. The active area may have an opening that contains an isolated portion of the inactive area or may contain a recess into which a portion of the inactive area protrudes. An electrical component such as a speaker, camera, light-emitting diode, light sensor, or other electrical device may be mounted in the inactive area in the recess or opening of the active area.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 21, 2022
    Date of Patent: November 21, 2023
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Mikael M. Silvanto, Dinesh C. Mathew, Victor H. Yin
  • Publication number: 20230361154
    Abstract: An electronic device may have one or more displays that produce images for a user. The display may include an array of light-emitting diodes. Each light-emitting diode in the array of light-emitting diodes may include a plurality of vias. The vias may be arranged in an array of rows and columns. The light-emitting diodes in the array may share a common cathode. The common cathode may include a conductive layer formed from a reflective material. The conductive layer may be formed in a grid that defines a plurality of openings for the light-emitting diodes or may be formed around the periphery of the array. The array may include light-emitting diodes of two different colors in a head-to-tail arrangement, connected in series, or that share a common cathode. The array may include light-emitting diodes of three different colors that are vertically stacked.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 8, 2023
    Publication date: November 9, 2023
    Inventors: Ziruo Hong, Ganghun Kim, Jun Qi, Rong Liu, Saijin Liu, Tongbi T Jiang, Victor H Yin
  • Publication number: 20230361153
    Abstract: An electronic device may have one or more displays that produce images for a user. The display may include an array of light-emitting diodes. Each light-emitting diode in the array of light-emitting diodes may include a plurality of vias. The vias may be arranged in an array of rows and columns. The light-emitting diodes in the array may share a common cathode. The common cathode may include a conductive layer formed from a reflective material. The conductive layer may be formed in a grid that defines a plurality of openings for the light-emitting diodes or may be formed around the periphery of the array. The array may include light-emitting diodes of two different colors in a head-to-tail arrangement, connected in series, or that share a common cathode. The array may include light-emitting diodes of three different colors that are vertically stacked.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 8, 2023
    Publication date: November 9, 2023
    Inventors: Ziruo Hong, Ganghun Kim, Jun Qi, Rong Liu, Saijin Liu, Tongbi T. Jiang, Victor H. Yin
  • Publication number: 20230350457
    Abstract: An electronic device housing may have upper and lower portions that are attached with a hinge. At least one portion of the housing may have a rear planar surface and peripheral sidewalls having edges. A display module may be mounted in the housing. The display module may have glass layers such as a color filter glass layer and a thin-film transistor substrate. The color filter glass layer may serve as the outermost glass layer in the display module. The edges of the display module may be aligned with the edges of the peripheral housing sidewalls to create the appearance of a borderless display for the electronic device. The display module may be provided with an opening that allows a camera or other electronic components to receive light. Traces may be provided on the underside of the thin-film transistor substrate to serve as signal paths for the electrical components.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 10, 2023
    Publication date: November 2, 2023
    Inventors: Dinesh C. Mathew, Thomas W. Wilson, JR., Victor H. Yin, Bryan W. Posner, Chris Ligtenberg, Brett W. Degner, Peteris K. Augenbergs
  • Patent number: 11803276
    Abstract: An electronic device with a force sensing device is disclosed. The electronic device comprises a user input surface defining an exterior surface of the electronic device, a first capacitive sensing element, and a second capacitive sensing element capacitively coupled to the first capacitive sensing element. The electronic device also comprises a first spacing layer between the first and second capacitive sensing elements, and a second spacing layer between the first and second capacitive sensing elements. The first and second spacing layers have different compositions. The electronic device also comprises sensing circuitry coupled to the first and second capacitive sensing elements configured to determine an amount of applied force on the user input surface. The first spacing layer is configured to collapse if the applied force is below a force threshold, and the second spacing layer is configured to collapse if the applied force is above the force threshold.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 9, 2020
    Date of Patent: October 31, 2023
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Dhaval C. Patel, Eugene C. Cheung, Pey-Jiun Ko, Po-Jui Chen, Robert W. Rumford, Steve L. Terry, Wei Lin, Xiaofan Niu, Xiaoqi Zhou, Yi Gu, Yindar Chuo, Rasmi R. Das, Steven M. Scardato, Se Hyun Ahn, Victor H. Yin, Wookyung Bae, Christopher L. Boitnott, Chun-Hao Tung, Mookyung Son, Sunggu Kang, Nathan K. Gupta, John Z. Zhong
  • Patent number: 11782190
    Abstract: A lenticular display may be formed with convex curvature. The lenticular display may have a lenticular lens film with lenticular lenses that extend across the length of the display. The lenticular lenses may be configured to enable stereoscopic viewing of the display. To enable more curvature in the display while ensuring satisfactory stereoscopic display performance, the display may have stereoscopic zones and non-stereoscopic zones. A central stereoscopic zone may be interposed between first and second non-stereoscopic zones. The non-stereoscopic zones may have more curvature than the stereoscopic zone. To prevent crosstalk within the lenticular display, a louver film may be incorporated into the display. The louver film may have a plurality of transparent portions separated by opaque walls. The opaque walls may control the emission angle of light from the display, reducing crosstalk. The louver film may be interposed between the lenticular lens film and the display panel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 26, 2020
    Date of Patent: October 10, 2023
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: ByoungSuk Kim, Yi Huang, Jun Qi, Victor H. Yin, Seung Wook Kim, Nicolas V. Scapel, Yi-Pai Huang
  • Patent number: 11774642
    Abstract: A lenticular display may be formed with convex curvature. The lenticular display may have a lenticular lens film with lenticular lenses that extend across the length of the display. The lenticular lenses may be configured to enable stereoscopic viewing of the display. To enable more curvature in the display while ensuring satisfactory stereoscopic display performance, the display may have stereoscopic zones and non-stereoscopic zones. A central stereoscopic zone may be interposed between first and second non-stereoscopic zones. The non-stereoscopic zones may have more curvature than the stereoscopic zone. To prevent crosstalk within the lenticular display, a louver film may be incorporated into the display. The louver film may have a plurality of transparent portions separated by opaque walls. The opaque walls may control the emission angle of light from the display, reducing crosstalk. The louver film may be interposed between the lenticular lens film and the display panel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 2020
    Date of Patent: October 3, 2023
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: ByoungSuk Kim, Yi Huang, Jun Qi, Victor H. Yin, Seung Wook Kim, Nicolas V. Scapel, Yi-Pai Huang
  • Publication number: 20230290897
    Abstract: A display may include a color filter layer, a liquid crystal layer, and a thin-film transistor layer. A camera window may be formed in the display to accommodate a camera. The camera window may be formed by creating a notch in the thin-film transistor layer that extends inwardly from the edge of the thin-film transistor layer. The notch may be formed by scribing the thin-film transistor layer around the notch location and breaking away a portion of the thin-film transistor layer. A camera window may also be formed by grinding a hole in the display. The hole may penetrate partway into the thin-film transistor layer, may penetrate through the transistor layer but not into the color filter layer, or may pass through the thin-film transistor layer and partly into the color filter layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 19, 2023
    Publication date: September 14, 2023
    Inventors: Eric L. Benson, Bryan W. Posner, Christopher L. Boitnott, Dinesh C. Mathew, Jun Qi, Robert Y. Cao, Victor H. Yin
  • Patent number: 11740658
    Abstract: An electronic device housing may have upper and lower portions that are attached with a hinge. At least one portion of the housing may have a rear planar surface and peripheral sidewalls having edges. A display module may be mounted in the housing. The display module may have glass layers such as a color filter glass layer and a thin-film transistor substrate. The color filter glass layer may serve as the outermost glass layer in the display module. The edges of the display module may be aligned with the edges of the peripheral housing sidewalls to create the appearance of a borderless display for the electronic device. The display module may be provided with an opening that allows a camera or other electronic components to receive light. Traces may be provided on the underside of the thin-film transistor substrate to serve as signal paths for the electrical components.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 2, 2021
    Date of Patent: August 29, 2023
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Dinesh C. Mathew, Thomas W. Wilson, Jr., Victor H. Yin, Bryan W. Posner, Chris Ligtenberg, Brett W. Degner, Peteris K. Augenbergs
  • Publication number: 20230251518
    Abstract: A system may have a display that includes a plurality of light sources such as light-emitting diodes. The display may be an exterior display that is routinely operated in daytime conditions where ambient light levels are very high. To increase contrast in an exterior display, the display may include a sunlight blocking element. A static sunlight blocking element may include a louver film with asymmetric light blocking portions. The system may include an ambient light sensor that is configured to determine ambient light levels. Based on the detected ambient light level, control circuitry in the system may adjust one or more adjustable components in the display. The display may include an adjustable diffuser that has at least two states with different haze levels. The display may include an adjustable tint layer that has at least two states with different transmission levels.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 16, 2022
    Publication date: August 10, 2023
    Inventors: Tao Zhan, Yu P Sun, Rong Liu, Yong Seok Choi, Joshua A Spechler, Jun Qi, Victor H Yin
  • Patent number: 11719978
    Abstract: A display may have a pixel array such as a liquid crystal pixel array. The pixel array may be illuminated with backlight illumination from a direct-lit backlight unit. The backlight unit may include an array of light-emitting diodes (LEDs) on a printed circuit board. The display may have a notch to accommodate an input-output component. Reflective layers may be included in the notch. The backlight may include a color conversion layer with a property that varies as a function of position. The light-emitting diodes may be covered by a slab of encapsulant with recesses in an upper surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 2021
    Date of Patent: August 8, 2023
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Zhenyue Luo, Meizi Jiao, Morteza Amoorezaei, Ling Han, Chungjae Lee, Ziruo Hong, Wei He, Rong Liu, Xinyu Zhu, Mingxia Gu, Jun Qi, Eric L. Benson, Victor H. Yin
  • Patent number: 11715810
    Abstract: A display may include a color filter layer, a liquid crystal layer, and a thin-film transistor layer. A camera window may be formed in the display to accommodate a camera. The camera window may be formed by creating a notch in the thin-film transistor layer that extends inwardly from the edge of the thin-film transistor layer. The notch may be formed by scribing the thin-film transistor layer around the notch location and breaking away a portion of the thin-film transistor layer. A camera window may also be formed by grinding a hole in the display. The hole may penetrate partway into the thin-film transistor layer, may penetrate through the transistor layer but not into the color filter layer, or may pass through the thin-film transistor layer and partly into the color filter layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 3, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 1, 2023
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Eric L. Benson, Bryan W. Posner, Christopher L. Boitnott, Dinesh C. Mathew, Jun Qi, Robert Y. Cao, Victor H. Yin
  • Publication number: 20230205002
    Abstract: A display may have a pixel array such as a liquid crystal pixel array. The pixel array may be illuminated with backlight illumination from a direct-lit backlight unit. The backlight unit may include an array of light-emitting diodes on a printed circuit board. The backlight unit may include first, second, and third light spreading layers formed over the array of light-emitting diodes. A color conversion layer may be formed over the first, second, and third light spreading layers. First and second brightness enhancement films may be formed over the color conversion layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 18, 2023
    Publication date: June 29, 2023
    Inventors: Daming Xu, Yufeng Yan, Qingbing Wang, Chenhua You, Rong Liu, Jun Qi, Zhenyue Luo, Mookyung Son, Victor H. Yin