Patents by Inventor Victor Krasnov

Victor Krasnov has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 9905895
    Abstract: A pulse mode apparatus comprises a mismatched battery electrically connected to a pulse mode device having a pulse duty cycle with a power-on time period and a power-off time period. The mismatched battery comprises a first battery cell having a first internal resistance and first charge capacity, and a second battery cell having a second internal resistance and second charge capacity, and the battery comprises at least one of the following: (1) the second internal resistance is less than the first internal resistance, and (2) the second charge capacity is less than the first charge capacity. The battery also has a pair of electrical connectors electrically coupling the first and second battery cells in parallel, a pair of terminals connected to the first or second battery cells, and a casing around the first and second battery cells with the terminals extending out of the casing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 31, 2015
    Date of Patent: February 27, 2018
    Assignee: Front Edge Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: Tung-Hsiu Shih, Kai Wei Nieh, Victor Krasnov
  • Patent number: 9887429
    Abstract: A lithium battery comprises at least one battery cell on a support, the battery cell comprising a plurality of electrodes about an electrolyte. A protective casing comprises a cover spaced apart from and covering the battery cell to form a gap therebetween with a polymer filling the gap. In one version, the polymer comprises polyvinylidene chloride polymer. First and second terminals extend out of the protective casing, the first and second terminals being connected to different electrodes of the battery cell.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 6, 2018
    Assignee: Front Edge Technology Inc.
    Inventors: Tung-Hsiu Shih, Kai Wei Nieh, Victor Krasnov, Jiuh-Ming Liang
  • Patent number: 9356320
    Abstract: A lithium battery comprises a support, and a plurality of battery component layers on the support, the battery component layers including a cathode having a cathode area with a plurality of cathode perimeter edges. An electrolyte is on the cathode, and an anode is on the electrolyte. The anode comprises an anode area with a plurality of anode perimeter edges, each anode perimeter edge having a corresponding cathode perimeter edge that lies adjacent to and below the anode perimeter edge. The anode area is sized so that at least one anode perimeter edge is terminated before its corresponding cathode perimeter edge to define a gap between the anode perimeter edge and the corresponding cathode perimeter edge, the gap having a gap distance G.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 15, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 31, 2016
    Assignee: FRONT EDGE TECHNOLOGY INC.
    Inventors: Tung-Hsiu Shih, Kai Wei Nieh, Victor Krasnov, Jiuh-Ming Liang
  • Publication number: 20150372359
    Abstract: A pulse mode apparatus comprises a mismatched battery electrically connected to a pulse mode device having a pulse duty cycle with a power-on time period and a power-off time period. The mismatched battery comprises a first battery cell having a first internal resistance and first charge capacity, and a second battery cell having a second internal resistance and second charge capacity, and the battery comprises at least one of the following: (1) the second internal resistance is less than the first internal resistance, and (2) the second charge capacity is less than the first charge capacity. The battery also has a pair of electrical connectors electrically coupling the first and second battery cells in parallel, a pair of terminals connected to the first or second battery cells, and a casing around the first and second battery cells with the terminals extending out of the casing.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 31, 2015
    Publication date: December 24, 2015
    Inventors: Tung-Hsiu Shih, Kai Wei Nieh, Victor Krasnov
  • Patent number: 9159964
    Abstract: A solid-state, mismatched battery comprises a first battery cell having a first internal resistance, and a second battery cell having a second internal resistance, the second internal resistance being a predefined resistance that is less than the first internal resistance. One or more of electrical connectors electrically couple the first and second battery cells. A casing encloses the first and second battery cells. A pair of terminals is electrically coupled to the first and second battery cells to output electrical power to an external load.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 13, 2015
    Assignee: FRONT EDGE TECHNOLOGY, INC.
    Inventors: Tung-Hsiu Shih, Kai Wei Nieh, Victor Krasnov
  • Publication number: 20150272455
    Abstract: A method for monitoring pressure of blood in an artery may include contacting a non-invasive sensor of a pressure of blood monitoring device at an area above an artery of a finger, collecting with the sensor one or more pressure data readings, other than readings corresponding to an air pressure reading, from the area after the contacting and after a pressure is exerted at the area on the sensor; and analyzing with a computing device the one or more pressure data readings to generate at least one of a blood pressure reading and a heart pulse reading.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 30, 2015
    Publication date: October 1, 2015
    Inventors: Andrey KRASNOV, Victor KRASNOV, Victor I. GEZUNTERMAN
  • Patent number: 8864954
    Abstract: A method of depositing lithium-containing films on a battery substrate in a sputtering chamber is provided. At least one pair of sputtering targets that each comprise a lithium-containing sputtering member is provided in the sputtering chamber, the sputtering targets selected to each have a conductivity of at least about 5×10?6 S·cm?1. A substrate carrier holding at least one battery substrate is placed in the sputtering chamber. A pressure of sputtering gas is maintained in the sputtering chamber. The sputtering gas is energized by applying to the pair of sputtering targets, an electrical power at a frequency of from about 10 to about 100 kHz.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignee: Front Edge Technology Inc.
    Inventors: Kai Wei Nieh, Jiuh-Ming Liang, Victor Krasnov
  • Publication number: 20140291144
    Abstract: A plasma chamber for depositing a battery component material on a partially fabricated battery cell comprising a battery component layer containing charge-carrying metal species and having an exposed surface. The chamber comprises a support carrier to hold a battery support comprising the partially fabricated battery cell. A mesh screen is positioned at a preset distance from the support carrier, the mesh screen having a plurality of mesh openings. An exhaust maintains a pressure of the process gas in the plasma chamber. A plasma power source is capable of applying an electrical power to the process gas to generate a plasma from the process gas for plasma deposition, during which the mesh screen is capable of reducing migration of the charge-carrying metal species across the battery component layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 13, 2014
    Publication date: October 2, 2014
    Inventors: KAI WEI NIEH, JIUH-MING LIANG, VICTOR KRASNOV
  • Patent number: 8753724
    Abstract: A plasma deposition method deposits a battery component material on a partially fabricated battery cell comprising a battery component layer containing charge-carrying metal species and having an exposed surface. A mesh screen is maintained at a preset distance from the exposed surface, the mesh screen having a plurality of mesh openings. A process gas is energized to form a plasma by applying an electrical power to deposit the battery component material onto the exposed surface of the battery component layer. The mesh screen reduces migration of the charge-carrying metal species in the battery component layer to the exposed surface of the partially fabricated battery cell.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 26, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 17, 2014
    Assignee: Front Edge Technology Inc.
    Inventors: Kai Wei Nieh, Jiuh-Ming Liang, Victor Krasnov
  • Publication number: 20140106203
    Abstract: A lithium battery comprises a support, and a plurality of battery component layers on the support, the battery component layers including a cathode having a cathode area with a plurality of cathode perimeter edges. An electrolyte is on the cathode, and an anode is on the electrolyte. The anode comprises an anode area with a plurality of anode perimeter edges, each anode perimeter edge having a corresponding cathode perimeter edge that lies adjacent to and below the anode perimeter edge. The anode area is sized so that at least one anode perimeter edge is terminated before its corresponding cathode perimeter edge to define a gap between the anode perimeter edge and the corresponding cathode perimeter edge, the gap having a gap distance G.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 15, 2012
    Publication date: April 17, 2014
    Inventors: Tung-Hsiu SHIH, Kai Wei NIEH, Victor KRASNOV, Jiuh-Ming LIANG
  • Publication number: 20140087227
    Abstract: A solid-state, mismatched battery comprises a first battery cell having a first internal resistance, and a second battery cell having a second internal resistance, the second internal resistance being a predefined resistance that is less than the first internal resistance. One or more of electrical connectors electrically couple the first and second battery cells. A casing encloses the first and second battery cells. A pair of terminals is electrically coupled to the first and second battery cells to output electrical power to an external load.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 25, 2012
    Publication date: March 27, 2014
    Inventors: Tung-Hsiu Shih, Kai-Wei Nieh, Victor Krasnov
  • Publication number: 20140087092
    Abstract: A plasma deposition method deposits a battery component material on a partially fabricated battery cell comprising a battery component layer containing charge-carrying metal species and having an exposed surface. A mesh screen is maintained at a preset distance from the exposed surface, the mesh screen having a plurality of mesh openings. A process gas is energized to form a plasma by applying an electrical power to deposit the battery component material onto the exposed surface of the battery component layer. The mesh screen reduces migration of the charge-carrying metal species in the battery component layer to the exposed surface of the partially fabricated battery cell.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 26, 2012
    Publication date: March 27, 2014
    Inventors: Kai Wei Nieh, Jiuh-Ming Liang, Victor Krasnov
  • Patent number: 8475955
    Abstract: A thin film battery comprises a substrate having a surface, and a plurality of battery cells on the substrate surface. Each battery cell comprises an electrolyte having opposing surfaces, and a plurality of conductors in electrical contact with at least one of the opposing surfaces of the electrolyte, the plurality of conductors including a first conductor in electrical contact with a surface of the electrolyte and a second conductor in electrical contact with the opposing surface of the electrolyte. At least one electrical connector strip connects a conductor of a first battery cell to a conductor of a second battery cell to electrically couple the first and second battery cells to one another.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 1, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 2, 2013
    Assignee: Front Edge Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: Victor Krasnov, Kai-Wei Nieh
  • Publication number: 20130164607
    Abstract: A lithium battery comprises at least one battery cell on a support, the battery cell comprising a plurality of electrodes about an electrolyte. A protective casing comprises a cover spaced apart from and covering the battery cell to form a gap therebetween with a polymer filling the gap. In one version, the polymer comprises polyvinylidene chloride polymer. First and second terminals extend out of the protective casing, the first and second terminals being connected to different electrodes of the battery cell.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 21, 2011
    Publication date: June 27, 2013
    Inventors: Tung-Hsiu SHIH, Kai Wei Nieh, Victor Krasnov, Jiuh-Ming Liang
  • Publication number: 20130164459
    Abstract: A method of depositing lithium-containing films on a battery substrate in a sputtering chamber is provided. At least one pair of sputtering targets that each comprise a lithium-containing sputtering member is provided in the sputtering chamber, the sputtering targets selected to each have a conductivity of at least about 5×10?6 S·cm?1. A substrate carrier holding at least one battery substrate is placed in the sputtering chamber. A pressure of sputtering gas is maintained in the sputtering chamber. The sputtering gas is energized by applying to the pair of sputtering targets, an electrical power at a frequency of from about 10 to about 100 kHz.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 23, 2011
    Publication date: June 27, 2013
    Inventors: Kai Wei NIEH, Jiuh-Ming Liang, Victor Krasnov
  • Publication number: 20120251867
    Abstract: A thin film battery comprises a substrate having a surface, and a plurality of battery cells on the substrate surface. Each battery cell comprises an electrolyte having opposing surfaces, and a plurality of conductors in electrical contact with at least one of the opposing surfaces of the electrolyte, the plurality of conductors including a first conductor in electrical contact with a surface of the electrolyte and a second conductor in electrical contact with the opposing surface of the electrolyte. At least one electrical connector strip connects a conductor of a first battery cell to a conductor of a second battery cell to electrically couple the first and second battery cells to one another.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 1, 2012
    Publication date: October 4, 2012
    Inventors: Victor Krasnov, Kai-Wei Nieh
  • Patent number: 8168322
    Abstract: A battery comprises a substrate comprising a first surface comprising a first battery cell having a first non-contact surface, a pliable dielectric abutting the first non-contact surface, the pliable dielectric comprising a peripheral edge, and a first cap about the pliable dielectric.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 19, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 1, 2012
    Assignee: Front Edge Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: Victor Krasnov, Kai-Wei Nieh
  • Patent number: 7862927
    Abstract: In a method of fabricating a battery, a substrate is annealed to reduce surface contaminants or even water of crystallization from the substrate. A series of battery component films are deposited on a substrate, including an adhesion film, electrode films, and an electrolyte film. An adhesion film is deposited on the substrate and regions of the adhesion film are exposed to oxygen. An overlying stack of cathode films is deposited in successive deposition and annealing steps.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 2, 2007
    Date of Patent: January 4, 2011
    Assignee: Front Edge Technology
    Inventors: Victor Krasnov, Kai-Wei Nieh, Jianchao Li
  • Patent number: 7846579
    Abstract: A battery comprises a substrate comprising an electrolyte between a pair of conductors, at least one conductor having a non-contact surface. A cap is spaced apart from the non-contact surface of the conductor by a gap having a gap distance dg of from about 1 ?m to about 120 ?m. The gap allows the conductor to expand into the gap. The gap is further bounded by side faces about a surrounding perimeter that may be sealed with a seal. In one version, the ratio of the surface area of the non-contact surfaces on the conductor to the total surface area of the side faces is greater than about 10:1. A pliable dielectric can also be provided in the gap.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 25, 2005
    Date of Patent: December 7, 2010
    Inventors: Victor Krasnov, Kai-Wei Nieh
  • Publication number: 20100291431
    Abstract: A thin film battery comprises a support with a battery cell. A cover covers the support and a sealant extends around the battery cell, and along the side perimeter surfaces between the support and cover. A protective shell covers at least one side perimeter surface. In one version, the protective shell includes alternating layers of polymer and diamond-like carbon. The protective shell increases the thin film battery cell's resistance to atmospheric and environmental degradation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 13, 2009
    Publication date: November 18, 2010
    Inventors: Tung-Hsiu Shih, Kai-Wei Nieh, Victor Krasnov