Patents by Inventor William A. Gardner

William A. Gardner has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Publication number: 20190192585
    Abstract: Provided herein are methods and compositions related to Bifidobacterium animalis ssp. lactis useful as therapeutic agents.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 5, 2018
    Publication date: June 27, 2019
    Inventors: Peter Sandy, Jacqueline Papkoff, Maria Sizova, Brian Goodman, Humphrey Gardner, Holly Ponichtera, Hank Wu, William Caffry, Anupriya Dutta
  • Publication number: 20190190419
    Abstract: A portable power generator with power monitor and control. The portable generator may include an alternator powered by an engine and configured to generate an alternator output, a first output receptacle coupled to the alternator output through a first switch, and a second output receptacle coupled to the alternator output through a second switch. The portable generator may further include a sensor unit configured to detect at least one output parameter of the first output receptacle. An electronic processor of the portable generator may be configured to receive first sensor signals indicating a measured quantity of the at least one output parameter of the first output receptacle and determine that the measured quantity exceeds a predetermined threshold. The processor may also be configured to disable the first output receptacle in response to determining that the measured quantity exceeds the predetermined threshold.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 20, 2018
    Publication date: June 20, 2019
    Inventors: Mina William Atta, Michael R. Gardner, Gavin P. Conti
  • Patent number: 10083637
    Abstract: A cover can comprise a photoluminescent outer surface, an inner surface configured to be affixed to an indicator sign, and one or more void areas passing through the inner and outer surfaces arranged in a pattern, wherein the pattern defines a negative image in contrast to the photoluminescent outer surface, wherein the negative image corresponds to a graphic on the indicator sign such that the first graphic is visible through the void areas when the cover is affixed to the indicator sign.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 10, 2018
    Date of Patent: September 25, 2018
    Inventor: William Gardner
  • Patent number: 9234354
    Abstract: An exemplary stair nosing assembly comprises an elongated base, a plate adhered to the base, and a cover temporarily covering the base and the plate. The base has at least one anchor portion extending downwardly from the upper portion for attaching to a lip of a tread pan and/or embedding in a concrete tread. The plate can have various features to enhance traction and visibility. The cover has front and rear lips that engage with front and rear edges of the base, and a weakened region adjacent the rear lip. When the assembly is embedded in a concrete tread, the cover is configured to fracture at the weakened region when the front lip of the cover is lifted upward from the base, leaving the rear lip remaining embedded in the concrete and allowing the rest of the cover to be removed to expose upper surfaces of the base and plate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 26, 2014
    Date of Patent: January 12, 2016
    Inventor: William Gardner
  • Patent number: 9169650
    Abstract: The present disclosure concerns embodiments of a stair tread which can be installed on a staircase. The stair tread has a metal core at least partially covered with high-strength concrete. In an exemplary embodiment, the core portion has first and second horizontally extending metal plates that are spaced apart vertically from each other, and a grid of vertically extending metal support walls positioned between the first and second metal plates. The core portion can also include retention elements extending upwardly from and distributed across the top of the upper plate for securing the concrete covering to the core.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 2, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 27, 2015
    Inventor: William Gardner
  • Publication number: 20140360112
    Abstract: An exemplary stair nosing assembly comprises an elongated base, a plate adhered to the base, and a cover temporarily covering the base and the plate. The base has at least one anchor portion extending downwardly from the upper portion for attaching to a lip of a tread pan and/or embedding in a concrete tread. The plate can have various features to enhance traction and visibility. The cover has front and rear lips that engage with front and rear edges of the base, and a weakened region adjacent the rear lip. When the assembly is embedded in a concrete tread, the cover is configured to fracture at the weakened region when the front lip of the cover is lifted upward from the base, leaving the rear lip remaining embedded in the concrete and allowing the rest of the cover to be removed to expose upper surfaces of the base and plate.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 26, 2014
    Publication date: December 11, 2014
    Inventor: William Gardner
  • Patent number: 8850757
    Abstract: An exemplary stair nosing assembly comprises an elongated base, a plate adhered to the base, and a cover temporarily covering the base and the plate. The base has at least one anchor portion extending downwardly from the upper portion for attaching to a lip of a tread pan and/or embedding in a concrete tread. The plate can have various features to enhance traction and visibility. The cover has front and rear lips that engage with front and rear edges of the base, and a weakened region adjacent the rear lip. When the assembly is embedded in a concrete tread, the cover is configured to fracture at the weakened region when the front lip of the cover is lifted upward from the base, leaving the rear lip remaining embedded in the concrete and allowing the rest of the cover to be removed to expose upper surfaces of the base and plate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 8, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 7, 2014
    Inventor: William Gardner
  • Patent number: 8410560
    Abstract: A micro-hotplate is provided in the form of a device comprising a sensor and one or more resistive heaters within the micro-hotplate arranged to heat the sensor. Furthermore a controller is provided for applying a bidirectional drive current to at least one of the heaters to reduce electromigration. The controller also serves to drive the heater at a substantially constant temperature.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 2, 2013
    Assignee: Cambridge CMOS Sensors Ltd.
    Inventors: Syed Zeeshan Ali, Florin Udrea, Julian William Gardner
  • Publication number: 20120204502
    Abstract: An exemplary stair nosing assembly comprises an elongated base, a plate adhered to the base, and a cover temporarily covering the base and the plate. The base has at least one anchor portion extending downwardly from the upper portion for attaching to a lip of a tread pan and/or embedding in a concrete tread. The plate can have various features to enhance traction and visibility. The cover has front and rear lips that engage with front and rear edges of the base, and a weakened region adjacent the rear lip. When the assembly is embedded in a concrete tread, the cover is configured to fracture at the weakened region when the front lip of the cover is lifted upward from the base, leaving the rear lip remaining embedded in the concrete and allowing the rest of the cover to be removed to expose upper surfaces of the base and plate.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 8, 2012
    Publication date: August 16, 2012
    Inventor: William Gardner
  • Publication number: 20110174799
    Abstract: A micro-hotplate is provided in the form of a device comprising a sensor and one or more resistive heaters within the micro-hotplate arranged to heat the sensor. Furthermore a controller is provided for applying a bidirectional drive current to at least one of the heaters to reduce electromigration. The controller also serves to drive the heater at a substantially constant temperature. Such an arrangement is advantageous over an arrangement in which a unidirectional DC drive current is applied to the heater. This is because the unidirectional drive current causes electromigration which results in an increase in resistance over time. This is undesirable because it can lead to failure of the micro-hotplate. In contrast, the application of the bidirectional current reduces electromigration and as a result there is insignificant change in the resistance of the heater over time and under high temperature.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 21, 2010
    Publication date: July 21, 2011
    Inventors: Syed Zeeshan ALI, Florin Udrea, Julian William Gardner
  • Publication number: 20110036839
    Abstract: A plastic screw cap has a threaded top portion and tabs of varying heights disposed around an inner circumference of a lower sleeve-portion. These tabs clasp a land disposed on a container neck to restrain the sleeve portion on the neck when the cap is unscrewed. A threaded top portion mates with threads on the container above the land. A sealing liner and diffusion barrier disposed at the bottle opening, together with a crush-resistant cap structure, prevent wine leakage and control oxygen ingress. Typically, the plastic cap is threaded onto the container neck, forming a tamper-evident seal. When unscrewed, the plastic-cap top moves up the container threads, exerting a pull on the sleeve portion, which is restrained due to the closure tabs acting on the land. Between the closure tabs and the threaded top is a breakaway line, which tears due to the removal forces. This tear evidences tampering.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 13, 2010
    Publication date: February 17, 2011
    Inventor: William A. Gardner
  • Patent number: 7876729
    Abstract: A mobile wireless telecommunications system includes base stations of a first type operating according to a first air interface, and base stations of a second type operating according to a second air interface. Methods and apparatus are provided for handing over a mobile station in the system from a first base station, which is of the first type, to a second base station, which is of the second type. A communications link is established over the first air interface between the mobile station and the first base station. Data are received from the mobile station responsive to a signal received by the mobile station over the second air interface from the second base station, substantially without breaking the communications link with the first base station. The mobile station is handed over from the first to the second base station responsive to the data received therefrom. In particular, a method of conducting intersystem handover from a multicarrier system to a direct spread system is provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 8, 2000
    Date of Patent: January 25, 2011
    Assignee: QUALCOMM Incorporated
    Inventors: Francesco Grilli, Avinash Jain, William Gardner
  • Patent number: 7849727
    Abstract: A gas-sensing semiconductor device 1? is fabricated on a silicon substrate 2? having a thin silicon dioxide insulating layer 3? in which a resistive heater 6 made of doped single crystal silicon formed simultaneously with source and drain regions of CMOS circuitry is embedded. The device 1? includes a sensing area provided with a gas-sensitive layer 9? separated from the heater 6? by an insulating layer 4?. As one of the final fabrication steps, the substrate 2? is back-etched so as to form a thin membrane in the sensing area. The heater 6? has a generally circular-shaped structure surrounding a heat spreading plate 16?, and consists of two sets 20?, 21? of meandering resistors having arcuate portions nested within one another and interconnected in labyrinthine form.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 12, 2006
    Date of Patent: December 14, 2010
    Assignee: University of Warwick
    Inventors: Julian William Gardner, Florin Udrea, Takao Iwaki, James Anthony Covington
  • Publication number: 20100282232
    Abstract: A volume restrictor can be provided for a pneumatic paintball gun to reduce the volume of compressed gas available within a compressed gas storage area for a firing operation of the paintball gun. In one embodiment, the volume restrictor includes a body having a forward end and a rearward end. A forward sealing member can be arranged on the forward end to seal around a bolt of the paintball gun. A rearward sealing member can be arranged on the rearward end of the body to seal against a rearward endwall of the compressed gas storage area. By placing the volume restrictor within the compressed gas storage area of the paintball gun, the volume of compressed gas available for a firing operation is reduced, thereby requiring an increased operating pressure to achieve the same paintball velocity. The increased chamber pressure can result in a shorter recharge time and less velocity drop off in successive shots.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 16, 2009
    Publication date: November 11, 2010
    Applicant: SMART PARTS, INC.
    Inventors: Danial Scott Jones, William Gardner, JR., Hans Semelsberger
  • Publication number: 20100101551
    Abstract: A paintball gun preferably includes an electro-pneumatic flow distribution mechanism such as a solenoid valve having a port connected to a pneumatic mechanism. For instance, the solenoid valve may include an input port receiving compressed gas from a compressed gas supply and an output port connected to the pneumatic mechanism. The solenoid valve can be enabled to direct compressed gas to and/or from the pneumatic mechanism to operate a bolt. The bolt may be coupled to the pneumatic mechanism.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 2, 2009
    Publication date: April 29, 2010
    Applicant: SMART PARTS, INC.
    Inventors: William Gardner, JR., Adam Gardner
  • Patent number: 7691759
    Abstract: A barrel assembly for a pneumatic paintball gun includes a barrel body and a barrel insert. The barrel body has a breech end, a muzzle end, and a barrel bore extending longitudinally through the barrel body from the breech end to the muzzle end. The barrel insert has a breech end, a distal end, and an insert bore, and is configured to be removably housed within a breech portion of the bore of the barrel body. The breech end of the barrel body is configured to attach to a breech end of the paintball gun. The barrel insert collaborates with the barrel body to provide a firing bore for the barrel assembly which guides a paintball fired from the breech end of the gun through the barrel and out the muzzle end of the barrel body. The barrel insert can be constructed having a thin, flexible wall so as to permit lateral deformation of the barrel insert.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 16, 2004
    Date of Patent: April 6, 2010
    Assignee: Smart Parts, Inc.
    Inventors: Roderick A. Perry, William Gardner, Jr.
  • Patent number: 7688596
    Abstract: A protective housing for a circuit board mounted on an end of a cell is described. The protective housing includes a cut-out in its sidewall and a retaining wall centered in the cut-out. This provides a pair of gaps, one on each side of the retaining wall between the cut-out. These gaps are size so that lead wires extending from the circuit board are captured therein in a tight-fitting relationship. Consequently, the lengths of the leads extending from the protective housing of the cell to a quick disconnect at the distal end of the leads is precisely controlled. If desired, there can be more than one retaining wall providing a plurality of gaps for capturing a plurality of lead wires therein.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 19, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 30, 2010
    Assignee: Electrochem Solutions, Inc.
    Inventors: William Gardner, Glen Dupliesea, John Hession, Douglas Woodnorth, Walter Carlson, Kevin Li
  • Patent number: 7624723
    Abstract: A paintball gun kit preferably includes a plurality of non-fully assembled paintball gun components packaged for retail sale to a consumer. Instructions are preferably provided to instruct the consumer how to assemble the paintball gun components into an operational paintball gun. The paintball gun components can be packaged together or separately. The paintball gun kit can include, for example, a body, a grip, and a pneumatic assembly. Various numbers and arrangements of components are contemplated. Various styles, materials, and colors of paintball gun components can also be provided consistent with the principles of the present invention.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 17, 2005
    Date of Patent: December 1, 2009
    Assignee: Smart Parts, Inc.
    Inventors: William Gardner, Jr., Danial Jones
  • Patent number: D621961
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 14, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 17, 2010
    Inventor: William Gardner
  • Patent number: D685503
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 3, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 2, 2013
    Inventor: William Gardner