Patents by Inventor William Hudson Welch

William Hudson Welch has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 11428859
    Abstract: An artifact mitigation system includes a projector assembly and a set of imaging optics optically coupled to the projector assembly. The artifact mitigation system also includes an eyepiece optically coupled to the set of imaging optics. The eyepiece includes a diffractive incoupling interface. The artifact mitigation system further includes an artifact prevention element disposed between the set of imaging optics and the eyepiece. The artifact prevention element includes a linear polarizer, a first quarter waveplate disposed adjacent the linear polarizer, and a color select component disposed adjacent the first quarter waveplate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 21, 2020
    Date of Patent: August 30, 2022
    Assignee: Magic Leap, Inc.
    Inventors: Kevin Curtis, Hui-Chuan Cheng, Paul M. Greco, William Hudson Welch, Eric C. Browy, Miller Schuck, Bradley Jay Sissom
  • Patent number: 11422374
    Abstract: Configurations are disclosed for presenting virtual reality and augmented reality experiences to users. The system may comprise a spatial light modulator operatively coupled to an image source for projecting light associated with one or more frames of image data, and a variable focus element (VFE) for varying a focus of the projected light such that a first frame of image data is focused at a first depth plane, and a second frame of image data is focused at a second depth plane, and wherein a distance between the first depth plane and the second depth plane is fixed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 19, 2020
    Date of Patent: August 23, 2022
    Assignee: Magic Leap, Inc.
    Inventors: William Hudson Welch, Robert D. Tekolste, Hyunsun Chung, Hui-Chuan Cheng
  • Patent number: 11381804
    Abstract: An approach for projecting light may be implemented using a acousto-optical depth switch that uses surface acoustic waves produced along a substrate to guide image light to different areas. The surface acoustic waves may be generated on a substrate using a transducer. Surface acoustic waves of different frequencies can guide image light onto different optical elements at different physical positions. The optical elements may be configured to show objects in an image at different distances from a viewer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 2, 2020
    Date of Patent: July 5, 2022
    Assignee: Magic Leap, Inc.
    Inventors: William Hudson Welch, Jeremy A. Grata, Marwan Hussein
  • Patent number: 11360385
    Abstract: Methods and systems for manufacturing an optical waveguide include depositing an adhesion promoting layer on a substrate. Multiple curable resist droplets are dispensed on the adhesion promoting layer. The adhesion promoting layer is disposed between and contacts the substrate and the curable resist droplets. The curable resist droplets define an optical eyepiece layer such that a zero residual layer thickness (RLT) region of the optical eyepiece layer is free of the curable resist droplets. The optical eyepiece layer is incised from the substrate to form the optical waveguide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 22, 2019
    Date of Patent: June 14, 2022
    Assignee: Magic Leap, Inc.
    Inventors: Huihang Dong, Thomas Mercier, Vikramjit Singh, Kang Luo, Tasha Amit Mangaldas, William Hudson Welch, Qizhen Xue, Frank Y. Xu
  • Publication number: 20220113792
    Abstract: Techniques are disclosed for performing localization of a handheld device with respect to a wearable device. At least one sensor mounted to the handheld device, such as an inertial measurement unit (IMU), may obtain handheld data indicative of movement of the handheld device with respect to the world. An imaging device mounted to either the handheld device or the wearable device may capture a fiducial image containing a number of fiducials affixed to the other device. The number of fiducials contained in the image are determined. Based on the number of fiducials, at least one of a position and an orientation of the handheld device with respect to the wearable device are updated based on the image and the handheld data in accordance with a first operating state, a second operating state, or a third operating state.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 8, 2021
    Publication date: April 14, 2022
    Applicant: Magic Leap, Inc.
    Inventors: Zachary C. Neinstedt, Samuel A. Miller, Barak Freedman, Lionel Ernest Edwin, Eric C. Browy, William Hudson Welch, Ron Liraz Lidji
  • Publication number: 20220082754
    Abstract: An eyepiece for an augmented reality display system. The eyepiece can include a waveguide substrate. The waveguide substrate can include an input coupler grating (ICG), an orthogonal pupil expander (OPE) grating, a spreader grating, and an exit pupil expander (EPE) grating. The ICG can couple at least one input light beam into at least a first guided light beam that propagates inside the waveguide substrate. The OPE grating can divide the first guided light beam into a plurality of parallel, spaced-apart light beams. The spreader grating can receive the light beams from the OPE grating and spread their distribution. The spreader grating can include diffractive features oriented at approximately 90° to diffractive features of the OPE grating. The EPE grating can re-direct the light beams from the first OPE grating and the first spreader grating such that they exit the waveguide substrate.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 23, 2021
    Publication date: March 17, 2022
    Inventors: Michael Anthony Klug, Robert Dale Tekolste, William Hudson Welch, Eric C. Browy, Victor Kai Liu, Samarth Bhargava
  • Patent number: 11209651
    Abstract: A display system includes a light projection device operatively coupled to an image source that generates image data. The system also includes a composite variable focus element (VFE) assembly operatively coupled to the light projection device, the composite VFE assembly comprising a first VFE arranged in series with a second VFE to provide image frames corresponding to the image data for display. The first VFE is configured to switch between focal states within a first focal range and with a first switching response time. The second VFE is configured to switch between focal states within a second focal range and with a second switching response time. The first focal range is greater than the second focal range. The first switching response time is slower than the second switching response time.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 2, 2019
    Date of Patent: December 28, 2021
    Assignee: Magic Leap, Inc.
    Inventor: William Hudson Welch
  • Patent number: 11204462
    Abstract: An eyepiece waveguide for an augmented reality. The eyepiece waveguide can include a transparent substrate with an input coupler region, a first orthogonal pupil expander (OPE) region, and an exit pupil expander (EPE) region. The input coupler region can couple an input light beam that is externally incident on the input coupler region into at least a first guided light beam that propagates inside the substrate. The first OPE region can divide the first guided beam into a plurality of replicated, spaced-apart beams. The EPE region can re-direct the replicated beams from the first OPE region such that they exit the substrate. The EPE region can have an amount of optical power.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 2019
    Date of Patent: December 21, 2021
    Assignee: Magic Leap, Inc.
    Inventors: Michael Anthony Klug, Robert Dale Tekolste, William Hudson Welch, Eric C. Browy, Victor Kai Liu, Samarth Bhargava
  • Patent number: 11199719
    Abstract: Methods and systems for qualifying a multi-layered optical stack include providing the multi-layered optical stack including a first optical layer and a second optical layer. The first optical layer includes a first pair of fiducial marks and the second optical layer includes a second pair of fiducial marks Each of the first pair are spaced laterally from each of the second pair such that the first pair and the second pair are visible through the optical stack. A first angle defined between a first reference line connecting the first pair and a global reference line is determined. A second angle defined between a second reference line connecting the second pair and the global reference line is determined. The multi-layered optical stack is qualified for use in the optical projection system based on whether a difference between the first angle and the second angle is less than a predetermined threshold.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 10, 2019
    Date of Patent: December 14, 2021
    Assignee: Magic Leap, Inc.
    Inventors: Huihang Dong, Wendong Xing, Thomas Mercier, Ryan Rieck, Robert D. Tekolste, William Hudson Welch
  • Publication number: 20210373327
    Abstract: Wearable and optical display systems and methods for operation thereof incorporating monovision display techniques are disclosed. A wearable device may include left and right optical stacks configured to switch between displaying virtual content at a first focal plane or a second focal plane. The wearable device may determine whether or not an activation condition is satisfied. In response to determining that the activation condition is satisfied, a monovision display mode associated with the wearable device may be activated, which may include causing the left optical stack to display the virtual content at the first focal plane and causing the right optical stack to display the virtual content at the second focal plane.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 25, 2021
    Publication date: December 2, 2021
    Applicant: Magic Leap, Inc.
    Inventors: Bjorn Nicolaas Servatius Vlaskamp, Jason Allen Shultz, William Hudson Welch, Bing Wu
  • Patent number: 11181974
    Abstract: Techniques are disclosed for performing localization of a handheld device with respect to a wearable device. At least one sensor mounted to the handheld device, such as an inertial measurement unit (IMU), may obtain handheld data indicative of movement of the handheld device with respect to the world. An imaging device mounted to either the handheld device or the wearable device may capture a fiducial image containing a number of fiducials affixed to the other device. The number of fiducials contained in the image are determined. Based on the number of fiducials, at least one of a position and an orientation of the handheld device with respect to the wearable device are updated based on the image and the handheld data in accordance with a first operating state, a second operating state, or a third operating state.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 2020
    Date of Patent: November 23, 2021
    Assignee: Magic Leap, Inc.
    Inventors: Zachary C. Nienstedt, Samuel A. Miller, Barak Freedman, Lionel Ernest Edwin, Eric C. Browy, William Hudson Welch, Ron Liraz Lidji
  • Publication number: 20210358224
    Abstract: A virtual image generation system comprises a planar optical waveguide having opposing first and second faces, an in-coupling (IC) element configured for optically coupling a collimated light beam from an image projection assembly into the planar optical waveguide as an in-coupled light beam, a first orthogonal pupil expansion (OPE) element associated with the first face of the planar optical waveguide for splitting the in-coupled light beam into a first set of orthogonal light beamlets, a second orthogonal pupil expansion (OPE) element associated with the second face of the planar optical waveguide for splitting the in-coupled light beam into a second set of orthogonal light beamlets, and an exit pupil expansion (EPE) element associated with the planar optical waveguide for splitting the first and second sets of orthogonal light beamlets into an array of out-coupled light beamlets that exit the planar optical waveguide.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 30, 2021
    Publication date: November 18, 2021
    Applicant: Magic Leap, Inc.
    Inventors: Brian T. SCHOWENGERDT, Mathew D. WATSON, David TINCH, Ivan Li Chuen YEOH, John Graham Macnamara, Lionel Ernest EDWIN, Michael Anthony KLUG, William Hudson WELCH
  • Publication number: 20210311319
    Abstract: A fixed-distance display system includes a light source configured to generate a light beam. The system also includes a light guiding optical element configured to propagate at least a portion of the light beam by total internal reflection. The system further includes a first inertial measurement unit configured to measure a first value for calculating a head pose of a user. Moreover, the system includes a camera configured to capture an image for machine vision optical flow analysis. The display system is configured to display virtual images only within a tolerance range of a single predetermined optical plane.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 21, 2021
    Publication date: October 7, 2021
    Applicant: Magic Leap, Inc.
    Inventors: Samuel A. Miller, William Hudson Welch
  • Publication number: 20210311298
    Abstract: Embodiments of the present disclosure are directed to an optical device, such as an eyepiece, including multiple layers of waveguides. The optical device can include an edge sealant for reducing light contamination, a lamination darn to restrict the wicking of the edge sealant between layers of the optical device, and venting gap (s) in the sealant and darn to allow air flow between the exterior and interior of the eyepiece. The gap(s) allow outgassing from the interior of the eyepiece of unreacted polymer and/or accumulated moisture, to prevent defect accumulation caused by chemical reaction of outgassed chemicals with the (e.g., ionic, acidic, etc.) surface of the eyepiece layers. The gap(s) also prevent pressure differences which may physically deform the eyepiece over time.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 22, 2019
    Publication date: October 7, 2021
    Inventors: Wendong Xing, Vikramjit Singh, Neal Paul Ricks, Jeffrey Dean Schmulen, Emory D. Carroll, K. Brent Binkley, Frank Y. Xu, Thomas Mercier, William Hudson Welch, Michael Anthony Klug
  • Patent number: 11107288
    Abstract: A virtual image generation system comprises a planar optical waveguide having opposing first and second faces, an in-coupling (IC) element configured for optically coupling a collimated light beam from an image projection assembly into the planar optical waveguide as an in-coupled light beam, a first orthogonal pupil expansion (OPE) element associated with the first face of the planar optical waveguide for splitting the in-coupled light beam into a first set of orthogonal light beamlets, a second orthogonal pupil expansion (OPE) element associated with the second face of the planar optical waveguide for splitting the in-coupled light beam into a second set of orthogonal light beamlets, and an exit pupil expansion (EPE) element associated with the planar optical waveguide for splitting the first and second sets of orthogonal light beamlets into an array of out-coupled light beamlets that exit the planar optical waveguide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 16, 2020
    Date of Patent: August 31, 2021
    Assignee: Magic Leap, Inc.
    Inventors: Brian T. Schowengerdt, Mathew D. Watson, David Tinch, Ivan Li Chuen Yeoh, John Graham Macnamara, Lionel Ernest Edwin, Michael Anthony Klug, William Hudson Welch
  • Publication number: 20210239992
    Abstract: A display subsystem for a virtual image generation system for use by an end user comprises a planar waveguide apparatus, an optical fiber, at least one light source configured for emitting light from a distal end of the optical fiber, and a collimation element mounted to a distal end of the optical fiber for collimating light from the optical fiber. The virtual image generation system further comprises a mechanical drive assembly to which the optical fiber is mounted to the drive assembly. The mechanical drive assembly is configured for displacing the distal end of the optical fiber, along with the collimation element, in accordance with a scan pattern. The virtual image generation system further comprises an optical waveguide input apparatus configured for directing the collimated light from the collimation element down the planar waveguide apparatus, such that the planar waveguide apparatus displays image frames to the end user.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 20, 2021
    Publication date: August 5, 2021
    Applicant: Magic Leap, Inc.
    Inventors: Brian T. Schowengerdt, Lionel Ernest Edwin, Ivan Yeoh, Aaron Mark Schuelke, William Hudson Welch, John Graham Macnamara
  • Publication number: 20210239991
    Abstract: This disclosure describes a head-mounted display with a display assembly configured to display content to most or all of a user's field of view. The display assembly can be configured to display content in far-peripheral regions of the user's field of view differently than content upon which a user can focus. For example, spatial resolution, color resolution, refresh rate and intensity (i.e. brightness) can be adjusted to save resources and/or to bring attention to virtual content positioned within a far-peripheral region. In some embodiments, these changes can save processing resources without detracting from the user's overall experience.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 12, 2021
    Publication date: August 5, 2021
    Applicant: Magic Leap, Inc.
    Inventors: Samuel A. Miller, William Hudson Welch, Lionel Ernest Edwin, Ivan Li Chuen Yeoh
  • Publication number: 20210231947
    Abstract: An eyepiece for projecting an image includes a first planar waveguide positioned in a first lateral plane. The first planar waveguide comprises a first diffractive optical element (DOE) disposed at a first lateral position. The eyepiece also includes a second planar waveguide positioned in a second lateral plane adjacent to the first lateral plane. The second planar waveguide comprises a second DOE disposed at a second lateral position different from the first lateral position. The eyepiece further includes a third planar waveguide positioned in a third lateral plane adjacent to the second lateral plane. The third planar waveguide comprises a third DOE disposed at a third lateral position different from the first lateral position and the second lateral position. The eyepiece also includes an optical filter positioned between the second planar waveguide and the third planar waveguide. The optical filter is disposed at the third lateral position.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 14, 2021
    Publication date: July 29, 2021
    Applicant: Magic Leap, Inc.
    Inventors: Miller Harry Schuck, III, Kevin Richard Curtis, Hui-Chuan Cheng, Bradley Jay Sissom, Paul M. Greco, William Hudson Welch, Eric C. Browy
  • Patent number: 11073699
    Abstract: A fixed-distance display system includes a light source configured to generate a light beam. The system also includes a light guiding optical element configured to propagate at least a portion of the light beam by total internal reflection. The system further includes a first inertial measurement unit configured to measure a first value for calculating a head pose of a user. Moreover, the system includes a camera configured to capture an image for machine vision optical flow analysis. The display system is configured to display virtual images only within a tolerance range of a single predetermined optical plane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 2020
    Date of Patent: July 27, 2021
    Assignee: Magic Leap, Inc.
    Inventors: Samuel A Miller, William Hudson Welch
  • Publication number: 20210215943
    Abstract: Methods and systems for qualifying a multi-layered optical stack include providing the multi-layered optical stack including a first optical layer and a second optical layer. The first optical layer includes a first pair of fiducial marks and the second optical layer includes a second pair of fiducial marks Each of the first pair are spaced laterally from each of the second pair such that the first pair and the second pair are visible through the optical stack. A first angle defined between a first reference line connecting the first pair and a global reference line is determined. A second angle defined between a second reference line connecting the second pair and the global reference line is determined. The multi-layered optical stack is qualified for use in the optical projection system based on whether a difference between the first angle and the second angle is less than a predetermined threshold.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 10, 2019
    Publication date: July 15, 2021
    Inventors: Huihang DONG, Wendong XING, Thomas MERCIER, Ryan RIECK, Robert D. TEKOLSTE, William Hudson WELCH