Patents by Inventor William Hudson Welch

William Hudson Welch has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Publication number: 20240177429
    Abstract: A virtual image generation system comprises a planar optical waveguide having opposing first and second faces, an in-coupling (IC) element configured for optically coupling a collimated light beam from an image projection assembly into the planar optical waveguide as an in-coupled light beam, a first orthogonal pupil expansion (OPE) element associated with the first face of the planar optical waveguide for splitting the in-coupled light beam into a first set of orthogonal light beamlets, a second orthogonal pupil expansion (OPE) element associated with the second face of the planar optical waveguide for splitting the in-coupled light beam into a second set of orthogonal light beamlets, and an exit pupil expansion (EPE) element associated with the planar optical waveguide for splitting the first and second sets of orthogonal light beamlets into an array of out-coupled light beamlets that exit the planar optical waveguide.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 2, 2024
    Publication date: May 30, 2024
    Applicant: Magic Leap, Inc.
    Inventors: Brian T. SCHOWENGERDT, Mathew D. WATSON, David TINCH, Ivan Li Chuen YEOH, John Graham MACNAMARA, Lionel Ernest EDWIN, Michael Anthony KLUG, William Hudson WELCH
  • Patent number: 11989339
    Abstract: A method of performing localization of a handheld device with respect to a wearable device includes capturing, by a first imaging device mounted to the handheld device, a fiducial image containing a number of fiducials affixed to the wearable device and capturing, by a second imaging device mounted to the handheld device, a world image containing one or more features surrounding the handheld device. The method also includes obtaining, by a sensor mounted to the handheld device, handheld data indicative of movement of the handheld device, determining the number of fiducials contained in the fiducial image, and updating a position and an orientation of the handheld device using at least one of the fiducial image or the world image and the handheld data.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 2023
    Date of Patent: May 21, 2024
    Assignee: Magic Leap, Inc.
    Inventors: Zachary C. Nienstedt, Samuel A. Miller, Barak Freedman, Lionel Ernest Edwin, Eric C. Browy, William Hudson Welch, Ron Liraz Lidji
  • Publication number: 20240151975
    Abstract: A display subsystem for a virtual image generation system for use by an end user comprises a planar waveguide apparatus, an optical fiber, at least one light source configured for emitting light from a distal end of the optical fiber, and a collimation element mounted to a distal end of the optical fiber for collimating light from the optical fiber. The virtual image generation system further comprises a mechanical drive assembly to which the optical fiber is mounted to the drive assembly. The mechanical drive assembly is configured for displacing the distal end of the optical fiber, along with the collimation element, in accordance with a scan pattern. The virtual image generation system further comprises an optical waveguide input apparatus configured for directing the collimated light from the collimation element down the planar waveguide apparatus, such that the planar waveguide apparatus displays image frames to the end user.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 11, 2024
    Publication date: May 9, 2024
    Applicant: Magic Leap, Inc.
    Inventors: Brian T. Schowengerdt, Lionel Ernest Edwin, Ivan Yeoh, Aaron Mark Schuelke, William Hudson Welch, John Graham Macnamara
  • Patent number: 11971542
    Abstract: Wearable and optical display systems and methods for operation thereof incorporating monovision display techniques are disclosed. A wearable device may include left and right optical stacks configured to switch between displaying virtual content at a first focal plane or a second focal plane. The wearable device may determine whether or not an activation condition is satisfied. In response to determining that the activation condition is satisfied, a monovision display mode associated with the wearable device may be activated, which may include causing the left optical stack to display the virtual content at the first focal plane and causing the right optical stack to display the virtual content at the second focal plane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 25, 2021
    Date of Patent: April 30, 2024
    Assignee: Magic Leap, Inc.
    Inventors: Bjorn Nicolaas Servatius Vlaskamp, Jason Allen Shultz, William Hudson Welch, Bing Wu
  • Publication number: 20240134191
    Abstract: A wearable device includes a left optical stack having a left eyepiece configured to receive left virtual image light, a left accommodating lens, and a left compensating lens. The wearable device also includes a right optical stack having a right eyepiece configured to receive right virtual image light, a right accommodating lens, and a right compensating lens. An optical power of the left accommodating lens is equal in magnitude to an optical power of the left compensating lens, an optical power of the right accommodating lens is equal in magnitude to an optical power of the right compensating lens, and the optical power of the left accommodating lens and the optical power of the right accommodating lens differ by an offset amount.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 29, 2023
    Publication date: April 25, 2024
    Applicant: Magic Leap, Inc.
    Inventors: Bjorn Nicolaas Servatius Vlaskamp, Jason Allen Shultz, William Hudson Welch, Bing Wu
  • Patent number: 11966059
    Abstract: Methods and systems are disclosed for presenting virtual objects on a limited number of depth planes using, e.g., an augmented reality display system. A farthest one of the depth planes is within a mismatch tolerance of optical infinity. The display system may switch the depth plane on which content is actively displayed, so that the content is displayed on the depth plane on which a user is fixating. The impact of errors in fixation tracking is addressed using partially overlapping depth planes. A fixation depth at which a user is fixating is determined and the display system determines whether to adjust selection of a selected depth plane at which a virtual object is presented. The determination may be based on whether the fixation depth falls within a depth overlap region of adjacent depth planes. The display system may switch the active depth plane depending upon whether the fixation depth falls outside the overlap region.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 7, 2022
    Date of Patent: April 23, 2024
    Assignee: MAGIC LEAP, INC.
    Inventors: William Hudson Welch, Paul M. Greco, Rony Abovitz, Yonatan Munk, Samuel A. Miller
  • Patent number: 11935206
    Abstract: A virtual image generation system comprises a planar optical waveguide having opposing first and second faces, an in-coupling (IC) element configured for optically coupling a collimated light beam from an image projection assembly into the planar optical waveguide as an in-coupled light beam, a first orthogonal pupil expansion (OPE) element associated with the first face of the planar optical waveguide for splitting the in-coupled light beam into a first set of orthogonal light beamlets, a second orthogonal pupil expansion (OPE) element associated with the second face of the planar optical waveguide for splitting the in-coupled light beam into a second set of orthogonal light beamlets, and an exit pupil expansion (EPE) element associated with the planar optical waveguide for splitting the first and second sets of orthogonal light beamlets into an array of out-coupled light beamlets that exit the planar optical waveguide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 5, 2023
    Date of Patent: March 19, 2024
    Assignee: Magic Leap, Inc
    Inventors: Brian T. Schowengerdt, Mathew D. Watson, David Tinch, Ivan Li Chuen Yeoh, John Graham Macnamara, Lionel Ernest Edwin, Michael Anthony Klug, William Hudson Welch
  • Patent number: 11906739
    Abstract: A display subsystem for a virtual image generation system for use by an end user comprises a planar waveguide apparatus, an optical fiber, at least one light source configured for emitting light from a distal end of the optical fiber, and a collimation element mounted to a distal end of the optical fiber for collimating light from the optical fiber. The virtual image generation system further comprises a mechanical drive assembly to which the optical fiber is mounted to the drive assembly. The mechanical drive assembly is configured for displacing the distal end of the optical fiber, along with the collimation element, in accordance with a scan pattern. The virtual image generation system further comprises an optical waveguide input apparatus configured for directing the collimated light from the collimation element down the planar waveguide apparatus, such that the planar waveguide apparatus displays image frames to the end user.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 20, 2021
    Date of Patent: February 20, 2024
    Assignee: Magic Leap, Inc.
    Inventors: Brian T. Schowengerdt, Lionel Ernest Edwin, Ivan Yeoh, Aaron Mark Schuelke, William Hudson Welch, John Graham Macnamara
  • Publication number: 20240012190
    Abstract: A method of reducing optical artifacts includes injecting a light beam generated by an illumination source into a polarizing beam splitter (PBS), reflecting a spatially defined portion of the light beam from a display panel, reflecting, at an interface in the PBS, the spatially defined portion of the light beam towards a projector lens, passing at least a portion of the spatially defined portion of the light beam through a circular polarizer disposed between the PBS and the projector lens, reflecting, by one or more elements of the projector lens, a return portion of the spatially defined portion of the light beam, and attenuating, at the circular polarizer, the return portion of the spatially defined portion of the light beam.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 22, 2023
    Publication date: January 11, 2024
    Applicant: Magic Leap, Inc.
    Inventors: Kevin Richard Curtis, Hui-Chuan Cheng, Paul M. Greco, William Hudson Welch, Eric C. Browy, Miller Harry Schuck, III, Bradley Jay Sissom
  • Publication number: 20230417986
    Abstract: An eyepiece for an augmented reality display system. The eyepiece can include a waveguide substrate. The waveguide substrate can include an input coupler grating (ICG), an orthogonal pupil expander (OPE) grating, a spreader grating, and an exit pupil expander (EPE) grating. The ICG can couple at least one input light beam into at least a first guided light beam that propagates inside the waveguide substrate. The OPE grating can divide the first guided light beam into a plurality of parallel, spaced-apart light beams. The spreader grating can receive the light beams from the OPE grating and spread their distribution. The spreader grating can include diffractive features oriented at approximately 90° to diffractive features of the OPE grating. The EPE grating can re-direct the light beams from the first OPE grating and the first spreader grating such that they exit the waveguide substrate.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 7, 2023
    Publication date: December 28, 2023
    Inventors: Michael Anthony Klug, Robert Dale Tekolste, William Hudson Welch, Eric Browy, Victor Kai Liu, Samarth Bhargava
  • Patent number: 11822112
    Abstract: An artifact mitigation system includes a projector assembly and a set of imaging optics optically coupled to the projector assembly. The artifact mitigation system also includes an eyepiece optically coupled to the set of imaging optics. The eyepiece includes a diffractive incoupling interface. The artifact mitigation system further includes an artifact prevention element disposed between the set of imaging optics and the eyepiece. The artifact prevention element includes a linear polarizer, a first quarter waveplate disposed adjacent the linear polarizer, and a color select component disposed adjacent the first quarter waveplate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 6, 2022
    Date of Patent: November 21, 2023
    Assignee: Magic Leap, Inc.
    Inventors: Kevin Richard Curtis, Hui-Chuan Cheng, Paul M. Greco, William Hudson Welch, Eric C. Browy, Miller Harry Schuck, III, Bradley Jay Sissom
  • Publication number: 20230333369
    Abstract: Optical systems and methods for operation thereof are disclosed. A delimited zone is defined as a function of distance from the optical system based on a VAC limit, the delimited zone having at least one distance threshold. A virtual distance of a virtual depth plane from the optical system at which a virtual object is to be displayed is determined. It is determined whether the virtual distance is outside the delimited zone by comparing the virtual distance to the at least one distance threshold. A collimated pixel beam associated with the virtual object is generated by a projector of the optical system. The collimated pixel beam is modified to generate a modified pixel beam if the virtual distance is outside the delimited zone. Modifying the collimated pixel beam includes converging the collimated pixel beam and/or reducing a diameter of the collimated pixel beam.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 23, 2023
    Publication date: October 19, 2023
    Applicant: Magic Leap, Inc.
    Inventors: Michael Anthony Klug, William Hudson Welch, Jason Schaefer, Björn Nicolaas Servatius Vlaskamp, Robert D. Tekolste, Michal Beau Dennison Vaughn
  • Publication number: 20230280594
    Abstract: A method and system for increasing dynamic digitized wavefront resolution, i.e., the density of output beamlets, can include receiving a single collimated source light beam and producing multiple output beamlets spatially offset when out-coupled from a waveguide. The multiple output beamlets can be obtained by offsetting and replicating a collimated source light beam. Alternatively, the multiple output beamlets can be obtained by using a collimated incoming source light beam having multiple input beams with different wavelengths in the vicinity of the nominal wavelength of a particular color. The collimated incoming source light beam can be in-coupled into the eyepiece designed for the nominal wavelength. The input beams with multiple wavelengths take different paths when they undergo total internal reflection in the waveguide, which produces multiple output beamlets.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 11, 2023
    Publication date: September 7, 2023
    Applicant: Magic Leap, Inc.
    Inventors: Lionel Ernest Edwin, Ivan Li Chuen Yeoh, Brian T. Schowengerdt, Kevin Richard Curtis, William Hudson Welch, Pierre St. Hilaire, Hui-Chuan Cheng
  • Patent number: 11733456
    Abstract: An eyepiece for an augmented reality display system. The eyepiece can include a waveguide substrate. The waveguide substrate can include an input coupler grating (ICG), an orthogonal pupil expander (OPE) grating, a spreader grating, and an exit pupil expander (EPE) grating. The ICG can couple at least one input light beam into at least a first guided light beam that propagates inside the waveguide substrate. The OPE grating can divide the first guided light beam into a plurality of parallel, spaced-apart light beams. The spreader grating can receive the light beams from the OPE grating and spread their distribution. The spreader grating can include diffractive features oriented at approximately 90° to diffractive features of the OPE grating. The EPE grating can re-direct the light beams from the first OPE grating and the first spreader grating such that they exit the waveguide substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 23, 2021
    Date of Patent: August 22, 2023
    Assignee: Magic Leap, Inc.
    Inventors: Michael Anthony Klug, Robert Dale Tekolste, William Hudson Welch, Eric C. Browy, Victor Kai Liu, Samarth Bhargava
  • Patent number: 11726318
    Abstract: Optical systems and methods for operation thereof are disclosed. A delimited zone is defined as a function of distance from the optical system based on a VAC limit, the delimited zone having at least one distance threshold. A virtual distance of a virtual depth plane from the optical system at which a virtual object is to be displayed is determined. It is determined whether the virtual distance is outside the delimited zone by comparing the virtual distance to the at least one distance threshold. A collimated pixel beam associated with the virtual object is generated by a projector of the optical system. The collimated pixel beam is modified to generate a modified pixel beam if the virtual distance is outside the delimited zone. Modifying the collimated pixel beam includes converging the collimated pixel beam and/or reducing a diameter of the collimated pixel beam.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 9, 2020
    Date of Patent: August 15, 2023
    Assignee: Magic Leap, Inc.
    Inventors: Michael Anthony Klug, William Hudson Welch, Jason Schaefer, Björn Nicolaas Servatius Vlaskamp, Robert D. Tekolste, Michael Beau Dennison Vaughn
  • Publication number: 20230237749
    Abstract: A virtual image generation system comprises a planar optical waveguide having opposing first and second faces, an in-coupling (IC) element configured for optically coupling a collimated light beam from an image projection assembly into the planar optical waveguide as an in-coupled light beam, a first orthogonal pupil expansion (OPE) element associated with the first face of the planar optical waveguide for splitting the in-coupled light beam into a first set of orthogonal light beamlets, a second orthogonal pupil expansion (OPE) element associated with the second face of the planar optical waveguide for splitting the in-coupled light beam into a second set of orthogonal light beamlets, and an exit pupil expansion (EPE) element associated with the planar optical waveguide for splitting the first and second sets of orthogonal light beamlets into an array of out-coupled light beamlets that exit the planar optical waveguide.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 5, 2023
    Publication date: July 27, 2023
    Applicant: Magic Leap, Inc.
    Inventors: Brian T. SCHOWENGERDT, Mathew D. WATSON, David TINCH, Ivan Li Chuen YEOH, John Graham MACNAMARA, Lionel Ernest EDWIN, Michael Anthony KLUG, William Hudson WELCH
  • Patent number: 11686944
    Abstract: A method and system for increasing dynamic digitized wavefront resolution, i.e., the density of output beamlets, can include receiving a single collimated source light beam and producing multiple output beamlets spatially offset when out-coupled from a waveguide. The multiple output beamlets can be obtained by offsetting and replicating a collimated source light beam. Alternatively, the multiple output beamlets can be obtained by using a collimated incoming source light beam having multiple input beams with different wavelengths in the vicinity of the nominal wavelength of a particular color. The collimated incoming source light beam can be in-coupled into the eyepiece designed for the nominal wavelength. The input beams with multiple wavelengths take different paths when they undergo total internal reflection in the waveguide, which produces multiple output beamlets.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 28, 2020
    Date of Patent: June 27, 2023
    Assignee: Magic Leap, Inc.
    Inventors: Lionel Ernest Edwin, Ivan Li Chuen Yeoh, Brian T. Schowengerdt, Kevin Richard Curtis, William Hudson Welch, Pierre St. Hilaire, Hui-Chuan Cheng
  • Publication number: 20230195212
    Abstract: A method of performing localization of a handheld device with respect to a wearable device includes capturing, by a first imaging device mounted to the handheld device, a fiducial image containing a number of fiducials affixed to the wearable device and capturing, by a second imaging device mounted to the handheld device, a world image containing one or more features surrounding the handheld device. The method also includes obtaining, by a sensor mounted to the handheld device, handheld data indicative of movement of the handheld device, determining the number of fiducials contained in the fiducial image, and updating a position and an orientation of the handheld device using at least one of the fiducial image or the world image and the handheld data.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 22, 2023
    Publication date: June 22, 2023
    Applicant: Magic Leap, Inc.
    Inventors: Zachary C. Nienstedt, Samuel A. Miller, Barak Freedman, Lionel Ernest Edwin, Eric C. Browy, William Hudson Welch, Ron Liraz Lidji
  • Patent number: 11662585
    Abstract: A display subsystem for a virtual image generation system comprises a planar waveguide apparatus, an optical fiber, at least one light source configured for emitting light from a distal end of the optical fiber, and a mechanical drive assembly to which the optical fiber is mounted as a fixed-free flexible cantilever. The drive assembly is configured for displacing a distal end of the optical fiber about a fulcrum in accordance with a scan pattern, such that the emitted light diverges from a longitudinal axis coincident with the fulcrum. The display subsystem further comprises an optical modulation apparatus configured for converging the light from the optical fiber towards the longitudinal axis, and an optical waveguide input apparatus configured for directing the light from the optical modulation apparatus down the planar waveguide apparatus, such that the planar waveguide apparatus displays one or more image frames to an end user.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 7, 2021
    Date of Patent: May 30, 2023
    Assignee: Magic Leap, Inc.
    Inventors: Ivan Yeoh, Hui-Chuan Cheng, Lionel Ernest Edwin, David Tinch, William Hudson Welch
  • Patent number: 11651566
    Abstract: A virtual image generation system comprises a planar optical waveguide having opposing first and second faces, an in-coupling (IC) element configured for optically coupling a collimated light beam from an image projection assembly into the planar optical waveguide as an in-coupled light beam, a first orthogonal pupil expansion (OPE) element associated with the first face of the planar optical waveguide for splitting the in-coupled light beam into a first set of orthogonal light beamlets, a second orthogonal pupil expansion (OPE) element associated with the second face of the planar optical waveguide for splitting the in-coupled light beam into a second set of orthogonal light beamlets, and an exit pupil expansion (EPE) element associated with the planar optical waveguide for splitting the first and second sets of orthogonal light beamlets into an array of out-coupled light beamlets that exit the planar optical waveguide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 2021
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2023
    Assignee: Magic Leap, Inc.
    Inventors: Brian T. Schowengerdt, Mathew D. Watson, David Tinch, Ivan Li Chuen Yeoh, John Graham Macnamara, Lionel Ernest Edwin, Michael Anthony Klug, William Hudson Welch