Patents by Inventor Zachary Adam Garbow

Zachary Adam Garbow has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 9830634
    Abstract: An apparatus and method provide simple and secure financial transactions in an instant messaging (IM) environment. Two users may engage in an IM session (chat session), with negotiations for a product or service taking place during the chat session. One or both of the users may activate an IM financial transaction mechanism during the chat session. The IM financial transaction mechanism analyzes the chat text, and presents a draft transaction to both buyer and seller, with options based on the analyzed chat text. The draft transaction may be modified by both buyer and seller, who both confirm the draft transaction when all of the details are correct. The confirmed transaction is then sent to a web server that includes an interface to the buyer's online account, and payment is made by transferring the funds for the confirmed transaction from the buyer's online account to an account for the seller.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 23, 2006
    Date of Patent: November 28, 2017
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Zachary Adam Garbow, Frederick Allyn Kulack, Kevin Glynn Paterson
  • Patent number: 9525746
    Abstract: Embodiments of the invention provide techniques for generating song playlists for use in an immersive virtual environment. Generally, playlists may be generated based on stored music preference data. The music preference data may be generated by storing user interactions with specific songs. The user interactions may be associated with characteristics of the user's situational context within the virtual world. The music preference data may be indexed by song name, and/or by musical properties. Subsequently, the music preference data may be used to generate a playlist adapted to the user's current situation within the virtual world.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 15, 2014
    Date of Patent: December 20, 2016
    Assignee: ACTIVISION PUBLISHING, INC.
    Inventors: Cary Lee Bates, Jim Chun-Ta Chen, Zachary Adam Garbow, Gregory Edward Young
  • Patent number: 9471924
    Abstract: An apparatus, program product and method utilize rulesets associated with particular individuals to restrict or otherwise control the use of such individuals' likeness data into media presentations using character replacement or like technologies. A ruleset includes at least one rule configured to define a condition under which the likeness data for an individual may or may not be incorporated into a media presentation. As such, during the generation of a media presentation, the ruleset may be accessed and analyzed, whereby the likeness data for an individual may be selectively incorporated into a media presentation based upon the ruleset to generate a personalized version of the media presentation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 8, 2005
    Date of Patent: October 18, 2016
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Zachary Adam Garbow, Candace Trielle Pederson, Michael Anthony Nelson, Jr.
  • Patent number: 9389918
    Abstract: Embodiments of the invention provide a method for reducing instability in a heterogeneous job plan of a stream processing application. In one embodiment, a job manager may be configured to select a job plan with the objective of minimizing the potential instability of the job plan. Each job plan may provide a directed graph connecting processing elements (both native and non-native). That is, each job plan illustrates data flow through the stream application framework. The job plan may be selected from multiple available job plans, or may be generated by replacing processing elements of a given job plan. Further, the job plan may be selected on the basis of other objectives in addition to an objective of minimizing the potential instability of the job plan, such as minimizing cost, minimizing execution time, minimizing resource usage, etc.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 24, 2008
    Date of Patent: July 12, 2016
    Assignee: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Zachary Adam Garbow, Michael Donald Pfeifer
  • Patent number: 9381438
    Abstract: Embodiments of the invention provide a method of managing content filters within a three dimensional (3D) immersive environment without compromising the visual and interactive integrity of the environment itself. In one embodiment, content may be selectively filtered by dynamically categorizing content within the immersive environment by tracking baseline avatar patterns. Once a pattern is identified between a given content element (i.e., some element of the environment which an avatar may interact with) and avatar interactions (or lack of interactions) with that content element, a filter may be defined and applied to that content element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 7, 2007
    Date of Patent: July 5, 2016
    Assignee: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Surinder S. Bimbra, Derek Lee Bromenshenkel, Zachary Adam Garbow, Daniel Leonard Hiebert
  • Patent number: 9300612
    Abstract: Methods and apparatus associate a computed trust level to avatars that interact with one another in a simulated environment. The avatars may represent legitimate users of the virtual world or spammers. System monitoring of each avatar provides ability to recognize potential spammers and create an alternate indication of the spammers. A user index may be used to store data describing attributes of each avatar for analysis using programs stored in memory.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 15, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 29, 2016
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Cary Lee Bates, Jim Chun-Ta Chen, Zachary Adam Garbow, Gregory Edward Young
  • Patent number: 9289681
    Abstract: Embodiments of the invention provide techniques for suggesting actions to users of an immersive virtual environment based on previous user actions within the virtual environment. Generally, characteristics of actions performed by various users of the virtual environment may be stored in a searchable actions index. Subsequently, the actions index may be used to suggest actions based on similarity of the stored characteristics to those of a current user and/or actions. The suggested actions may be presented to the user as graphical indications visible within the user's view of the virtual environment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 9, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 22, 2016
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Derek L. Bromenshenkel, Zachary Adam Garbow, Daniel Leonard Hiebert
  • Patent number: 9129307
    Abstract: Embodiments of the invention provide techniques for commercial transactions for the sale of images carried out over short-range wireless transmissions. In one embodiment, the transaction may be initiated by a vendor (e.g., a professional photographer), who transmits a wireless signal including an offer for sale of an image. A customer wishing to purchase the image responds by sending a wireless signal including an acceptance of the offer. In another embodiment, the transaction may be initiated by a customer, who transmits a wireless signal including a request for an image to be fulfilled by a vendor. A vendor agreeing to supply the image responds by sending a wireless signal including an acceptance of the request. By offering the images to customers who are in close proximity to the image capture, the vendor may increase the likelihood that the images will be purchased.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 23, 2007
    Date of Patent: September 8, 2015
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: David Keith Fowler, Zachary Adam Garbow
  • Publication number: 20150127818
    Abstract: Embodiments of the invention provide techniques for generating song playlists for use in an immersive virtual environment. Generally, playlists may be generated based on stored music preference data. The music preference data may be generated by storing user interactions with specific songs. The user interactions may be associated with characteristics of the user's situational context within the virtual world. The music preference data may be indexed by song name, and/or by musical properties. Subsequently, the music preference data may be used to generate a playlist adapted to the user's current situation within the virtual world.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 15, 2014
    Publication date: May 7, 2015
    Applicant: ACTIVISION PUBLISHING, INC.
    Inventors: CARY LEE BATES, JIM CHUN-TA CHEN, ZACHARY ADAM GARBOW, GREGORY EDWARD YOUNG
  • Patent number: 8924250
    Abstract: Embodiments of the invention may be used to place a targeted advertisement on a billboard (or other advertising location) in an immersive virtual environment by determining the interests of a group of users at a given location to calculate an advertisement matching the whole group. The selected advisement may be based not only on the sum of individual interests for the avatars present in the particular location, but also current interaction between the avatars. As groups of users communicate with one another within a virtual world, the substance of their communications may contribute to what advertisement is selected and presented to the avatars at the advertising location.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 2007
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Cary Lee Bates, Jim Chun-Ta Chen, Zachary Adam Garbow, Gregory Edward Young
  • Patent number: 8914897
    Abstract: Embodiments of the invention provide techniques for controlling access to digital images based physical and temporal proximity to the image capture event. In one embodiment, an imaging device capturing a digital image broadcasts an invitation to wireless devices in the surrounding area. The wireless devices respond with an acceptance, including the email address (or some other network address) of the device owner. The digital image is made available at a network location with restricted access. Access to the image is controlled with an access list based on the acceptances received by the imaging device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 23, 2007
    Date of Patent: December 16, 2014
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: David Keith Fowler, Zachary Adam Garbow
  • Publication number: 20140344725
    Abstract: Embodiments of the invention provide techniques for providing information for avoiding specific users of an immersive virtual environment. Generally, a primary user may specify other users to be avoided in a blacklist. The blacklisted users may be specified to be avoided at all times, or may be specified to be avoided in certain situations. In one embodiment, a user may be added to the blacklist during a specific situation, resulting in the characteristics of the situation being automatically stored in the blacklist. Subsequently, the blacklist may be used to determine the locations of the blacklisted users matching the current situation. The primary user may then avoid the locations having the greatest probability of encountering blacklisted users.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 2, 2014
    Publication date: November 20, 2014
    Applicant: ACTIVISION PUBLISHING, INC.
    Inventors: CARY LEE BATES, JIM CHUN-TA CHEN, ZACHARY ADAM GARBOW, GREGORY EDWARD YOUNG
  • Patent number: 8869054
    Abstract: A method, article of manufacture, and apparatus for tracking user interactions comprising receiving a first request associated with a first user, to exchange a communication with a second user about one of a plurality of elements of a web-page, wherein the plurality of elements includes at least one of graphical elements and textual elements; in response to the first request, exchanging a communication between the first user and the second user; capturing the communication; storing an interaction object comprising the communication, wherein storing includes associating the interaction object with the one of the plurality of elements of the web-page; and serving a modified version of the web-page to a third user; wherein the modified version specifies the interaction object being associated with the one of the plurality of elements of the web-page.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 10, 2007
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Danae Candace Chu, Shruti Gandhi, Zachary Adam Garbow, Clara Chia-Yen Liang, Timothy M. Trifilo
  • Patent number: 8838640
    Abstract: Embodiments of the invention provide techniques for generating song playlists for use in an immersive virtual environment. Generally, playlists may be generated based on stored music preference data. The music preference data may be generated by storing user interactions with specific songs. The user interactions may be associated with characteristics of the user's situational context within the virtual world. The music preference data may be indexed by song name, and/or by musical properties. Subsequently, the music preference data may be used to generate a playlist adapted to the user's current situation within the virtual world.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 7, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 16, 2014
    Assignee: Activision Publishing, Inc.
    Inventors: Cary Lee Bates, Jim Chun-Ta Chen, Zachary Adam Garbow, Gregory Edward Young
  • Patent number: 8819565
    Abstract: Embodiments of the invention may be used to enhance the presentation of a virtual environment for certain users, e.g., a visually impaired user. Because users may visit, and revisit, locations within the virtual environment, the state of elements in the virtual environment may change. Accordingly, audible descriptions of an object, person or environment, may be adjusted to prevent redundant or unnecessary descriptions. For example, when the user encounters a given element a second time, rather than describe each characteristic of the element, only changes to the characteristics of the element are described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 14, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 26, 2014
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Brian John Cragun, Zachary Adam Garbow, Christopher A. Peterson
  • Patent number: 8812637
    Abstract: A media stream aggregation mechanism receives and analyzes multiple media streams and creates an aggregate media stream output based on user preferences. In this manner a media provider that uses the media stream aggregation mechanism potentially may provide a customized presentation to each user based on user preferences. By providing the aggregation of multiple media streams to a user, the user's experience is customized according to user preferences.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 28, 2006
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2014
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Brian John Cragun, Zachary Adam Garbow, Kevin Glynn Paterson, Candace Trielle Pederson
  • Patent number: 8776062
    Abstract: A data stream processing system is provided that utilizes independent sites to process user-defined inquires over dynamic, continuous streams of data. A mechanism is provided for processing these inquiries over the continuous streams of data by matching new inquiries to previously submitted inquiries. The job plans containing sets of processing elements that were created for both the new inquiry and the previous inquiries are compared for consistency in input and output formatting and commonality of processing elements used. In accordance with the comparison, the new job plan, previous job plans or a combination of the new and previous job plans are used to process the new inquiry. Based on the results of processing the new inquiry, a determination is made regarding which job plans are used for future inquiries.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 2007
    Date of Patent: July 8, 2014
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Zachary Adam Garbow, Michael Donald Pfeifer
  • Patent number: 8713450
    Abstract: Embodiments of the invention provide techniques for detecting patterns of abuse in users of a virtual world. The patterns of abuse may be detected by examining records of inappropriate interactions between users. Subsequently, preventative actions may be taken to prevent further abuse. The preventative actions may include blocking access to all or part of the virtual world, blocking interactions with other users, warning other users, or notifying authorities of the behavior of the other user.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 8, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 29, 2014
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Zachary Adam Garbow, Linda Irene Larson, Candace Trielle Pederson
  • Patent number: 8683333
    Abstract: An apparatus, program product and method utilize a brokering service for use in controlling the incorporation of likeness data for an individual into a media presentation. The brokering service maintains a plurality of rulesets respectively associated with a plurality of individuals. Each ruleset is used to restrict or otherwise control the incorporation of likeness data associated with an associated individual into media presentations, typically through the inclusion of one or more rules configured to define conditions under which the likeness data for the associated individual may or may not be incorporated into a media presentation. The brokering service is capable of responding to requests for selected rulesets for different individuals by communicating the rulesets to various requesting entities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 8, 2005
    Date of Patent: March 25, 2014
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Zachary Adam Garbow, Candace Trielle Pederson, Michael Anthony Nelson, Jr.
  • Patent number: 8645846
    Abstract: Embodiments of the invention include a method and apparatus for describing elements within a virtual world to a user of the virtual world. An element may be identified based on a position of an avatar within the virtual world. The avatar is a representation of the user within the virtual world. A tag associated with the element is selected. The tag includes a description of the element. The element is described to the user based on the description.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 20, 2008
    Date of Patent: February 4, 2014
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Brian John Cragun, Zachary Adam Garbow, Christopher A. Peterson