Patents by Inventor Zhibing Ge

Zhibing Ge has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 11448908
    Abstract: A display may have display layers that form an array of pixels. An angle-of-view adjustment layer may overlap the display layers. The angle-of-view adjustment layer may include an array of adjustable louvers that move from a first position in which the angle of view of the display is restricted for a private viewing mode and a second position in which the angle of view of the display is not restricted for a normal viewing mode. The louvers may contain electrophoretic particles. The louvers may be tapered and may have a width at one end that is less than ten microns. The electrophoretic particles may form isolated clusters on a lower substrate in normal viewing mode to increase the transmittance of the display in normal viewing mode. The angle-of-view adjustment layer may be a second liquid crystal display layer that is used to block off-axis light.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 29, 2019
    Date of Patent: September 20, 2022
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Shih-Chyuan Fan Jiang, Paul V. Johnson, Se Hyun Ahn, Cheng Chen, Yuan Chen, Hyungryul Choi, Zhibing Ge, Christiaan A. Ligtenberg, Dinesh C. Mathew, Hyunmin A. Song, Chaohao Wang, Jiaying Wu
  • Patent number: 11391874
    Abstract: An electronic device may have a display such as an organic light-emitting diode display. A compensation film may be used to correct the color shift in the display. The compensation film may include a layer of liquid crystals and dye aligned with the liquid crystals. The dye may be configured to absorb different amounts of light depending on an angle that the light passes through the compensation film. Higher angled light will have a longer path length through the compensation film and therefore more of the higher angled light will be absorbed by the dye. The dye may therefore compensate for the color shift that occurs at high viewing angles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 9, 2020
    Date of Patent: July 19, 2022
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Jung Yun Seuh, Se Hyun Ahn, Zhibing Ge
  • Publication number: 20210350752
    Abstract: Certain embodiments are directed to techniques (e.g., a method, an apparatus, and non-transitory computer readable medium storing code or instructions executable by one or more processors) for mitigating the flicker on the displays at low driving frequencies due to drops of the voltage holding ratio of the materials for the display. The techniques to compensate for flicker in a liquid crystal display can include generating a dynamic waveform for the backlight of the display. The dynamic waveform can be synchronized with the driving rate of the liquid crystal display such that the luminosity of the backlight increases during periods when the voltage-holding ratio drops in the materials of the display. In this way, a liquid crystal material can be utilized in a display to generate reduced power consumption with liquid crystal rate minimizing the flicker in response to the drops of the voltage-holding ratio.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 6, 2021
    Publication date: November 11, 2021
    Inventors: Zhibing Ge, Chengrui Le, Yuechen Wu, Xiaokai Li, Lingyu Hong, Chaohao Wang, Shih-Chyuan Fan Jiang
  • Patent number: 11105963
    Abstract: Optical systems may have tunable lenses with focal lengths that are adjusted by control circuitry. A display may produce image light that is received by a tunable lens. The display may be transparent so that light from objects can pass through the display and be received by the tunable lens. The tunable lens may include a birefringent lens element and a polarization rotator and may receive light that has been linearly polarized by passing through a linear polarizer. The polarization rotator may be operable in a first state in which the polarization of light passing through the polarization rotator is not rotated and a second state in which the polarization of light passing through the polarization rotator is rotated by 90°. The birefringent lens element may be formed from a cured liquid crystal polymer or other polymer and may have a liquid crystal additive to enhance birefringence.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 31, 2021
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Yuan Chen, Bennett S. Wilburn, Cheng Chen, Michael Slootsky, Shuang Wang, Zhibing Ge
  • Patent number: 11105677
    Abstract: An electronic device may be provided with a display. An optical component window may be formed in the inactive area of the display. The optical component window may transmit infrared light from an infrared light source. The infrared light source may include a diffuser to allow the light source to operate in a flood illumination mode and a structured light mode. The diffuser may include liquid crystal material between first and second substrates. A sealant may surround the liquid crystal layer, and one or more spacer walls may be located between the sealant and the liquid crystal layer. An additional spacer wall may be used outside of the sealant to prevent metal from creating an electrical short between electrodes in the diffuser. Conductive material in the sealant may be used to couple a top electrode to a metal pad on a bottom substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 2018
    Date of Patent: August 31, 2021
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Junhwan Lim, Zhibing Ge, Christopher L. Boitnott, Shih-Wei Chang, Sang Un Choi, Sudirukkuge T. Jinasundera
  • Patent number: 11099386
    Abstract: An optical system may include equipment with a housing that is configured to receive external equipment such as a cellular telephone. The external equipment may have a display mounted on a front face of the external equipment and may have additional components such as a front-facing camera. Communications circuitry in the equipment may support wired and wireless communications with the external equipment. An optical combiner in the equipment may be used to combine display image light emitted from pixels in the display with real-world image light received from external objects. The optical combiner may have a reflector with a concave lens shape that focuses light from the display towards eye boxes in which a viewer's eyes are located. The reflector may be a partial mirror or a reflective polarizer. The reflective polarizer and additional components may be used in implementing a tunable tint layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 2019
    Date of Patent: August 24, 2021
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Hyungryul Choi, Lei Zhao, Chaohao Wang, Enkhamgalan Dorjgotov, Shih-Chyuan Fan Jiang, Zhibing Ge, Graham B. Myhre
  • Patent number: 10996748
    Abstract: Aspects of the subject technology relate to gaze-dependent visual encryption of electronic device displays. Each display frame that is displayed on the electronic device display may include a clear-display region around the user's gaze location and an obscured region outside the clear-display region. In this way, only the display content that the user is actively viewing is recognizable and understandable and an onlooker such as an unwanted observer looking over the user's shoulder is unable to understand what is displayed. The obscured region of each display frame may be generated such that the overall look and structure of that region is unchanged, but the content is unintelligible. In this way, the visual experience of the user is not disrupted or distracted by the visual encryption and the eye of the onlooker is not guided to the clear-display region by the visual encryption.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 9, 2019
    Date of Patent: May 4, 2021
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Mehmet Agaoglu, Cheng Chen, Harsha Shirahatti, Zhibing Ge, Shih-Chyuan Fan Jiang, Nischay Goel, Jiaying Wu, William Sprague
  • Publication number: 20210091342
    Abstract: An optical system is described. The optical system may include a sensor which may be in a mobile device. The optical system may use the same light source for imaging the display and for providing light to a sensor or sensor device. The optical system may be configured so that randomly polarized light will exit the device for viewing so that a user may view the display in any rotated orientation while wearing polarized eyewear. The optical system may further be configured to mitigate reflections in the mobile device from ambient light entering the system and from reflected and backscattered light from cross-contaminating the imaging light of the display.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 26, 2020
    Publication date: March 25, 2021
    Inventors: Yuan Chen, Chia Hsuan Tai, Mohammad Yeke Yazdandoost, Zhibing Ge
  • Patent number: 10943959
    Abstract: An optical system may include equipment with a housing that is configured to receive external equipment such as a cellular telephone. The external equipment may include a display. To control the persistence of the display, the optical system may include a light modulating layer. The light modulating layer may switch between a transparent state in which display image light is passed through the light modulating layer to reach the viewer and an opaque state in which display image light is blocked by the light modulating layer from reaching the viewer. The light modulating layer may be placed in the transparent state for a portion of each display frame and the opaque state for the remaining portion of each display frame. The light modulating layer may be formed in the housing of the equipment that receives the external equipment or may be formed with the external equipment directly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 7, 2019
    Date of Patent: March 9, 2021
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Aaron L. Holsteen, Chaohao Wang, Cheng Chen, Jun Li, Shih-Chyuan Fan Jiang, Xiaokai Li, Young Cheol Yang, Zhibing Ge
  • Publication number: 20200393718
    Abstract: An electronic device such as a head-mounted device may have a display that displays computer-generated content for a user. The head-mounted device may have an optical system that directs the computer-generated content towards eye boxes for viewing by a user. The optical system may include a spatially addressable adjustable optical component. The adjustable optical component may have first and second electrodes and an electrically adjustable material between the first and second electrodes. The electrically adjustable material may include a transparent conductive material such as indium tin oxide that includes a pattern of segmented trenches configured to provide the transparent conductive material with electrical anisotropy. Contacts may be coupled to the transparent conductive material. Control circuitry can adjust the electrically adjustable material to form a spatially addressable light modulator or adjustable lens.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 15, 2020
    Publication date: December 17, 2020
    Inventors: Khadijeh Bayat, Avery P. Yuen, Chaohao Wang, Runyu Zhang, Xianwei Zhao, Xiaokai Li, Yang Li, Zhibing Ge, Alex H. Pai
  • Publication number: 20200393715
    Abstract: Electrical shield line systems are provided for openings in common electrodes near data lines of display and touch screens. Some displays, including touch screens, can include multiple common electrodes (Vcom) that can have openings between individual Vcoms. Some display screens can have an open slit between two adjacent edges of Vcom. Openings in Vcom can allow an electric field to extend from a data line through the Vcom layer. A shield can be disposed over the Vcom opening to help reduce or eliminate an electric field from affecting a pixel material, such as liquid crystal. The shield can be connected to a potential such that electric field is generated substantially between the shield and the data line to reduce or eliminate electric fields reaching the liquid crystal.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 28, 2020
    Publication date: December 17, 2020
    Inventors: Zhibing GE, Cheng-Ho YU, Young-Bae PARK, Abbas JAMSHIDI ROUDBARI, Shih-Chang CHANG, Cheng CHEN, Marduke YOUSEFPOR, John Z. ZHONG
  • Patent number: 10866458
    Abstract: An electronic device may include display layers such as liquid crystal display layers and a backlight unit that provides illumination for the display layers. The backlight unit may include light-emitting diodes that emit light into the edge of a light guide film. To minimize the inactive area of the display, the light-emitting diodes may be tightly spaced to approximate a line light source instead of point light sources. Color and/or luminance compensation layers may be incorporated at various locations within the backlight structures to ensure that the backlight provided to the display layers is homogenous. A thin-film transistor layer of the display may be coupled to a printed circuit board by a flexible printed circuit. The flexible printed circuit may have additional solder mask layers to improve robustness, may include encapsulation, and may have traces with a varying pitch.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 12, 2019
    Date of Patent: December 15, 2020
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Shin-Ying Lu, Daming Xu, Suraj P. Gorkhali, Adria Fores Herranz, Mookyung Son, Heesang Suh, Victor H. Yin, Aaron L. Holsteen, Xiaokai Li, Zhibing Ge
  • Patent number: 10845665
    Abstract: A window may be provided with a light modulator. The light modulator may be dynamically adjusted to control visible light transmission through the window. The window may also have layers that selectively block light with non-visible wavelengths. The light-blocking layers may block ultraviolet light, near infrared light such as light from solar radiation, and far infrared light such as heat produced due to the absorption of visible light by the light modulator. The light modulator may be a guest-host liquid crystal light modulator. The guest-host liquid crystal light modulator may have a layer of liquid crystal material with dye that is interposed between polymer substrate layers. The polymer substrate layers may be thermoplastic layers that are moldable to conform to window shapes with compound curves.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 17, 2016
    Date of Patent: November 24, 2020
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Khadijeh Bayat, Cheng Chen, Ibuki Kamei, Shih-Wei Chang, Avery P. Yuen, Zhibing Ge
  • Patent number: 10761358
    Abstract: Electrical shield line systems are provided for openings in common electrodes near data lines of display and touch screens. Some displays, including touch screens, can include multiple common electrodes (Vcom) that can have openings between individual Vcoms. Some display screens can have an open slit between two adjacent edges of Vcom. Openings in Vcom can allow an electric field to extend from a data line through the Vcom layer. A shield can be disposed over the Vcom opening to help reduce or eliminate an electric field from affecting a pixel material, such as liquid crystal. The shield can be connected to a potential such that electric field is generated substantially between the shield and the data line to reduce or eliminate electric fields reaching the liquid crystal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 3, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 1, 2020
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Zhibing Ge, Cheng Ho Yu, Young-Bae Park, Abbas Jamshidi Roudbari, Shih Chang Chang, Cheng Chen, Marduke Yousefpor, John Z. Zhong
  • Patent number: 10725228
    Abstract: An electronic device may generate content that is to be displayed on a display. The display may have an array of liquid crystal display pixels for displaying image frames of the content. The display may be operated in at least a normal viewing mode, a privacy mode, an outdoor viewing mode, and a power saving mode. The different view modes may exhibit different viewing angles. In one configuration, the display may include a backlight unit that generates a collimated light source and that includes a switchable diffuser film for selectively scattering the collimated light source depending on the current viewing mode of the display. In another configuration, the display may include a backlight unit that generates a scattered light source that includes a switchable microarray structure such as a switchable mirror structure or a tunable microlens array for selectively collimating the scattered light source depending on the current viewing mode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 20, 2019
    Date of Patent: July 28, 2020
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Hyungryul J. Choi, Zhibing Ge, Cheng Chen, Hossein Nemati, Wei Chen, Jun Qi, Khadijeh Bayat, David A. Doyle, John Z. Zhong
  • Patent number: 10690970
    Abstract: A liquid crystal display may have main column spacers and subspacer column spacers. The column spacers may have cross shapes formed from overlapping perpendicular rectangular column spacer portions respectively located on a color filter layer and a thin-film transistor layer. The column spacers may have a hybrid configuration in which some of the rectangular portions on the thin-film transistor layer extend vertically and some extend horizontally. Column spacers may be formed from planarization layer material, may be formed from locally thickened portions of a planarization layer, and may have circular shapes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 8, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 23, 2020
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Chia Hsuan Tai, Cheng Chen, Da Yu, Enkhamgalan Dorjgotov, Sang Un Choi, Shih-Chyuan Fan Jiang, Tae Woon Cha, Yeon Sik Ham, Yuan Chen, Zhibing Ge, Hossein Nemati
  • Patent number: 10649248
    Abstract: A display may have display layers such as liquid crystal display layers having a liquid crystal layer interposed between a color filter layer and a thin-film transistor layer or organic light-emitting diode layers having organic light-emitting diodes formed from thin-film transistor circuitry. The display layers may be configured to form an array of pixels that display images and may include a polarizer. An angle-of-view adjustment layer may overlap the display layers. The angle-of-view adjustment layer may include one or more liquid crystal layers. A first polarizer may be interposed between first and second liquid crystal layers and the second liquid crystal layer may be overlapped by a second polarizer. The first and second polarizers may have pass axes that are aligned with a pass axis of the polarizer in the display layers. One or more liquid crystal layers in the angle-of-view adjustment layer may include dichroic dye.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 12, 2017
    Date of Patent: May 12, 2020
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Shih-Chyuan Fan Jiang, Shih-Wei Chang, Yuan Chen, Zhibing Ge, Cheng Chen
  • Patent number: 10643555
    Abstract: Devices and methods for useful in providing localized synchronized and/or dynamic in-band internal gamma code adjustment per frame period are provided. By way of example, a display panel includes a data driver, which includes a first DAC configured to provide an internal gamma voltage signal to cause a first adjustment to an image data signal. The first adjustment is configured to selectively adjust the image data signal based at least in part on a refresh rate or a frame rate of the display panel. The data driver includes a second DAC coupled to the first DAC and configured to provide an external gamma voltage signal configured to provide a second adjustment to the image data signal, and an output buffer configured to supply the image data signal to pixels of the display panel, wherein the image data signal comprises the first adjustment and the second adjustment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 7, 2017
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2020
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Fenghua Zheng, Christopher P. Tann, Sandro H. Pintz, David S. Zalatimo, Jun Qi, Zhibing Ge
  • Patent number: 10642116
    Abstract: A display may include one or more display pixels in an array of pixels. A display pixel may include a storage capacitor chat stores a pixel data signal. The storage capacitor may be formed from a pixel electrode structure, a capacitor electrode structure, and a common electrode structure that is interposed between the pixel electrode structure and capacitor electrode structures. Each electrode structure may be formed from transparent conductive materials deposited on respective display layers. The pixel electrode structure and capacitor electrode structure may be electrically coupled by a conductive via structure that extends through the display layers without contacting the common electrode structure. The conductive via structure may contact underlying transistor structures such as a source-drain structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 18, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2020
    Assignee: APPLE INC.
    Inventors: Zhibing Ge, Lei Zhao, Ming-Chin Hung, Szu-Hsien Lee, Cheng Chen, Shih-Chang Chang
  • Publication number: 20200133068
    Abstract: An electronic device may include display layers such as liquid crystal display layers and a backlight unit that provides illumination for the display layers. The backlight unit may include light-emitting diodes that emit light into the edge of a light guide film. To minimize the inactive area of the display, the light-emitting diodes may be tightly spaced to approximate a line light source instead of point light sources. Color and/or luminance compensation layers may be incorporated at various locations within the backlight structures to ensure that the backlight provided to the display layers is homogenous. A thin-film transistor layer of the display may be coupled to a printed circuit board by a flexible printed circuit. The flexible printed circuit may have additional solder mask layers to improve robustness, may include encapsulation, and may have traces with a varying pitch.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 12, 2019
    Publication date: April 30, 2020
    Inventors: Shin-Ying Lu, Daming Xu, Suraj P. Gorkhali, Adria Fores Herranz, Mookyung Son, Heesang Suh, Victor H. Yin, Aaron L. Holsteen, Xiaokai Li, Zhibing Ge