A pump has a boltless cover that is held on the end of a housing of the pump by only a compressed ring between the cover and the housing. The pump has a flageless valve plate, meaning that the valve plate has no flange through which bolts that secure the head to the pump extend The pump has eccentrics and pistons that all have holes in them so that the pistons at opposite ends of the pump can be assembled to the shaft of the motor 180° out of phases. The pump further has a monolithic head that includes the two head members of the pump and the tube that connects them also has an integrally formed port. The pump is supported by elastomeric tubular members from its ports. The pump has a push-in fitting that can be pushed into a hole in a member such as the heads the housing or the base so that once pushed in, a ring around the fitting expands outwardly behind an edge of the body to trap the fitting in the opening.
This application claims priority based on its parent Provisional application No. 60/681,814STATEMENT CONCERNING FEDERALLY SPONSORED RESEARCH OR DEVELOPMENT
Not applicableFIELD OF THE INVENTION
This invention relates to pumps, both compressors and vacuum pumps, and in particular to improvements to improve the assembly and manufacture of pumps.BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
Pumps of the general type described herein are well known. Such pumps may have one, two, or more pumping chambers and generally have a piston (e.g., a wobble piston, an articulated head piston or a diaphragm piston reciprocating in the pumping chamber that is driven by a motor. If there are two pumping chambers with parallel axes, the motor is typically between two housings that define the crankcases of the pump and join the motor to the pumping chambers, with the motor shaft axis perpendicular to the pumping chamber axis. In a useful form, a monolithic head spans the two pumping chambers, for example as in U.S. Pat. No. 6,056,521, which is hereby incorporated by reference.
The ends of the housings opposite from the motor have typically been closed off at least partially with a fan guard that lets air through or a cover of some kind that required additional fasteners to hold the cover on. This required additional assembly and additional parts. In addition, the valve plate, which, if separate from the head, is typically provided right below the head, typically had flanges through which the rods would extend that hold the head on the housing, with the cylinder and possibly other parts in between these flanges could create problems in assembly by requiring orientation of the valve plate to register with the bolt holes of the head and also in some cases could result in leakage for example if the head flange would interfere with the range of the valve plate. In other structures, the valve plate required separate fasteners apart from the fasteners that held the head on, to hold the valve plate on.
In addition, each piston is assembled to the drive shaft and formerly this was typically done with flats on the motor shalt, the flat on one end being 180° out of phase with the flat on the other end so that the pistons were out of phase also. The set screw against a flat introduces errors in assembly in that they do not necessarily result in the pistons being 180° out of phase. For single-ended pumps, the phase is not an issue, but for double-ended pumps, a reliable method is needed to assure that the pistons are 180° out of phase, while not making assembly difficult.
In addition, these pumps can find many different applications for that reason, it is useful to have different port arrangements possible for these pump configurations.
Pumps of this type also can be provided with different removable or separate port arrangements. For this purpose, it would be useful to have an easy way to add a port or a plug to the pump.
Also as is well known, pumps of this type can produce significant noise and vibration. Isolation is a major design goal in most applications. A solution is needed in this area as well which results in good performance at low cost and easy assembly.SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
In one aspect the invention provides a pump with a boltless cover that is held on the end of a housing of the pump by only a compressed ring between the cover and the housing. The hole in the housing has a chamfer that compresses the ring when the cover is inserted into the hole and the ring sets against the hole to hold the cover to the housing. The cover has a flange that stops excessive insertion of the cover into the housing. The cover can be provided with a port, and can be subjected to a vacuum force by the crankcase, particularly if intake of the pump is through the crankcase.
In another aspect the pump has a flageless valve plate, meaning that the valve plate has no flange through which bolts that secure the head to the pump extend. Elimination of the flange helps cue a leak problem between the valve plate and the head that can be caused by the flanges. With the flange gone, other features may be provided on the valve plate and the head so as to angularly orient the valve plate relative to the head. Angular orientation is preferred in some applications to prevent interference with the valve or valves on the valve plate.
In another aspect, the pump has an eccentric and pistons that all have holes in them so that the pistons at opposite ends of the pump can be assembled to the shaft of the motor 180° out of phase. Two holes 180° spaced apart arc provided in one of the piston and the eccentric and one hole alignable with either of the two holes is provided in the other of the piston and the eccentric. At one end of the pump, the one hole and one of the other two holes are aligned with each other and at the other end of the pump the one hole and the other of the other two holes are aligned with each other, which results in the required 180° out of phase relative positions between the two pistons. In this aspect, a magnetic fixture can be provided with two pins to help align the three holes.
In another aspect, a monolithic head that includes the two head members of the pump and the tube that connects them also has an integrally formed port that provides a passageway into the tube, between the two head members. In the preferred form, the port is halfway between the two head members.
In another aspect, the pump is supported by elastomeric tubular members from its ports. Elastomeric tubular members may extend between a base and the ports of the pump, and the ports may be the inlet ports, the outlet ports, or both. In this aspect the elastomeric mounting could be such that it is stiffer when the pump is operating so that when the pump is not operating the pump is rested on a hard mount, as may be useful during shipping.
In another aspect, the pump has a push-in fitting that can be pushed into a hole in a member such as the head, the housing or the base so that once pushed in, a ring around the fitting expands outwardly behind an edge of the body to trap the fitting in the opening. A sealing ring can also be provided around the fitting that seals between the fitting and the body.
These and other objects and advantages of the invention will be apparent from the detailed description and drawings.
The foregoing and other objects and advantages of the invention will appear in the detailed description which follows. In the description, reference is made to the accompanying drawings which illustrate a preferred embodiment of the invention.BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
Referring particularly to
The covers 18 and 20 are plastic molded components and do not have any openings through them, although they could have an opening through them, fir example, a port, and a filter such as a HEPA filter or a felt filter could be provided on the inside of the cover to filter the incoming or exiting air, As illustrated, the covers need not have any holes through them, since the intake is through the bottoms of the housings. The covers could also be fan guards that would let air through them, if a fan blade was provided on the motor shaft.
Only cover 20 is described in detail since cover 18 is identical. The cover 20 is held onto the housing 14 by being of a circular shape and fitting into a circular hole 50 that is machined in the end of the housing 14, which may be a cast aluminum alloy material or another hard, strong material. Referring to
When operating, the cover 20 is subjected to a cyclic vacuum force from the reciprocation of the piston in the cylinder, when the piston is drawing air into the pumping chamber through the bottom of the housing 14. This vacuum also helps hold the cover 20 in the hole 50. The ring 64 provides the only constant force that holds cover 20 in the hole 60 secured to the housing 14 and therefore the cover may be referred to as “fastenerless” which enables easy push-in assembly of the cover 20 to the housing 4, A screwdriver Slot or recess 57 may be provided in the edge of the shoulder 58 to create a space to allow prying the cover 20 out of the hole 50 for disassembly
The o-ring 64 also provides a seal to keep air, dirt liquids, and other debris from entering the housing 14 through the interface between the cover 20 and the housing 14. The sealing ring 64 could be an elastomeric o-ring, as illustrated, or could be any of a number of other types of sealing rings, such as a quad ring, a square cross-section or other shaped cross-section of an o-ring, or a standard o-ring. The material of the 0-ring may, for example, be silicone, which is a standard material for an o-ring. If the interface between the cover 20 and the housing 14 did not need to be sealed, for example if the cover 20 was a fan guard, the ring 64 could be a split ring, for example of plastic or metal, which is capable of creating a friction force against the hole 50 to retain the cover 20. In addition, a groove or shoulder could be formed in the hole 50 for the ring 64 to seat in, so as to provide a form fit as well as a friction fit, to increase the holding force,
It is also rioted that subjecting the cover to a vacuum, which a ring 64 that seals facilitates, stresses the cover which tends to stiffen it and reduce noise that may otherwise emanate from the cover.
Referring to FIGS. 8A-C, the valve plates 26 and 28 are fastened in the assembly of the pump by only the clamping force provided by the bolts 40 which pass through apertures (34a, 34b, 32a, 32b) and along side valve plates 28, 26. No fasteners extend through the valve plates 26 and 28, as is apparent in the drawings. Formerly, in prior art typical for this type of pump, the valve plates 26 and 28 had separate fasteners holding them in the assembly or had a flange, similar to the bolt flange of the head 30, through which the bolts 40) would extend. It has been found that the elimination of this flange reduces leaking problems that can occur between the valve plate and the head 30. Elimination of separate fasteners also facilitates assembly.
Using flanges or separate fasteners in prior art valves had the effect of providing an orientation of the valve plate, which is desirable so that the fastener that holds the flapper oil the valve plate does not interfere with formations on the underside of the head such as the ejector pin lands. When the flange and separate fasteners of the valve plates are eliminated, the valve plates can be assembled in an , orientation unless some other materials is provided to limit the orientation. For this purpose, the upperside of each valve plate 26, 28 is provided with a kidney shaped recess 72 (
The valve plates 26 and 28 are shaped so as to have an extending portion 82 that extends down into the top of the respective cylinder 22 or 24. The extending portion 82 has a sealing ring groove 80 in which a sealing ring 84 is positioned to seal against the inside surface of the respective cylinder 22 or 24 the sealing ring may be a standard o-ring, a square cross-section o-ring, a quad ring, or any other kind of sealing ring. The inside of the respective cylinder 22 or 24 provides an especially preferred surface for sealing against, as its roundness is superior to that of the exterior surface of the cylinder, and it is anodized for a good smooth surface to seal against. Also, the sealing ring slides into the cylinder better than it slides on the outside surface of the cylinder,
The part of the valve plate 28 that is near the top of the valve plate and extends radially outwardly from the extending portion 82 is referred to herein as portion 86. The portion 86 may be formed with one or more recesses 87 to allow prying the valve plate out of the cylinder with a flat blade screw driver.
Referring particularly to
The two pistons 92 at opposite ends of the pump 10 are assembled 180° out of phase from each other so that when one of the pistons is at top dead center, the other piston is at bottom dead center. To accomplish this, each piston 92 is provided with two holes 110 and 12, The two holes 110 and 112 are 180° apart from one another about axis 106 and have centers on a line that intersects their centers and intersects the axis 106 of the stub 98. Each eccentric 94 is also provided with a hole 114 that is 180° away from the axis 106 about axis 104, on a line that extends through the axis 106, the axis 104, and the center of the hole 114. All of the longitudinal axes of the holes 110, 112, and 114 are all parallel to the axes 104 and 106. Thus, when the hole 114 is lined up with the hole 110, as shown in
A magnetic pin fixture 115 as shown in
A pump 10 like that described above would typically be mounted from the housing using some fort of mounting bracket, which mounting bracket may include vibration isolators, such as elastomeric components. Tubing would then be run from the inlet and outlet ports to make connections to the pump, and typically the tubing would have excess slack in it so that the vibrations of the pump are not transmitted through the tubing to other parts of the machine.
A preferred embodiment of the invention has been described in considerable detail. Many modifications and variations to the preferred embodiment described will be apparent to a person of ordinary skin in the art. Therefore, the invention should not be limited to the embodiment described, but should be defined by the claimes which follow.
1. In a pump (10) having (200), a motor (16), a housing (14) joining the pumping chamber to the motor at one end of the housing so as to define a crank chamber (205) within the housing and a cover (20) at an end of the housing (14) opposite from the motor (16), the improvement wherein the cover (20) fits into an opening in the end of the housing (14) that is slightly larger than the cover, and a resistant deformable member (64) resides between the cover and the housing and is deformed therein to provide the only constant force holding the cover to the housing.
2. The improvement of claim 1, wherein the opening at the end of the housing has a chamfer (54) at its outer side that tapers toward the inside of the housing.
3. The improvement of claim 1, wherein the cover has a shoulder (57) that stops insertion of the cover into the opening.
4. The improvement of claim, wherein the deformable member (64) is a ring 64 that seats against a machined surface 52 of the housing.
5. The improvement of claim 1, wherein the cover is subjected to at least intermittent vacuum in operation of the pump.
6. The improvement of claim 1, wherein the cover could have one or more holes in it.
7. The improvement of claim 1, wherein the cover could have a further incorporated into it.
8. In a pump (10) having a cylinder 24, a housing, a valve plate (28) assembled to the cylinder (24) and a head member (34), and at least two extending apertures (34a, 34b) in a flange of the head member securing the head member to the housing so as to clamp the valve plate and cylinder between the head and the housing, the improvement wherein fasteners (40) extend through apertures (34a, 34b) and alongside the valve plate and not through the valve plate (28).
9. The improvement of claim 8, wherein the valve plate extends into the cylinder (24) and a seating ring (84) is provided around the extension (80) of the valve plate into the cylinder (24).
10. The improvement of claim 1, wherein the valve plate includes it least one feature (72) to angularly orient the valve plate relative to the bead member.
11. The improvement of claim 10, wherein the feature (72) is in an axially facing side of the valve plate.
12. The improvement of claim 11, wherein the feature (72) is a recess and the head member has a projection (74) that fits into the recess.
13. In a pump comprising at least two separate pumping chambers, each pumping chamber (200, 201) having an axis, the axes being parallel and spaced apart and a pair of head members (32, 34), each head member being associated with a different one of the pumping chambers and at least one tube (36) spanning the head members wherein the tube provides fluid communication between the head members and is formed integral at each end of the rube with one of the head members so that the head members and the tube form a single, monolithically-formed head which is common to both pumping chambers and is a single piece of continuous material that includes the head members and the tube so that the tube is joined to each head member with a fluid-tight and fixed rigid connection provided by the material of the monolithic head continuously joining the tube to each head member, the improvement wherein the tube includes an integral port (88) that provides a passageway into the tube said integral port between the two head members.
14. The improvement of claim 13, wherein the port is approximately halfway between the two head members.
15. The improvement of claim 13, wherein the port is an outlet port of the pump.
16. The improvement of claim 15, wherein the pump intake is through pistons of the pump.
17. In a pump assembly having first and second piston assemblies (25, 27) coupled to opposite ends of a shaft (100) of a motor (16), each piston assembly (25, 27) including a piston (92); an eccentric (94) having a counterweight portion (96) and a stub portion (98), said stub portion having a first axis (106); the eccentric having a hole with a second axis (104) parallel to the first axis and spaced from the first axis, the end of the motor shaft is received in the hole; and a fastener (93) for fixing the eccentric to the motor shaft wherein, the stub portion (98) is journalled to the piston (92) for rotation relative to the piston about the first axis, the improvement wherein the piston (92) of the first piston assembly (27) has at least a first alignment hole (110 or 112) having its axis parallel to the first and second axes, and the eccentric (94) of said first piston assembly (27) has an alignment hole (114) that can be aligned with the first alignment hole (110 or 112), wherein when the eccentric alignment hole is aligned with the first alignment hole the piston is in one of a top dead center position or a bottom dead center position.
18. The pump assembly of claim 17 further comprising a second alignment hole (110) in said piston of the first piston assembly (27), wherein when the eccentric alignment hole (114) is aligned with the first alignment hole (112) the piston is in a top dead center position, and when said eccentric alignment hole (114) is aligned with said second alignment hole (110) the piston is in the bottom dead center position.
19. The pump assembly of claim 17 further comprising a first alignment hole (110 or 112) in the piston (92) of the second piston assembly (25), and an alignment hole in the eccentric of said second piston assembly wherein when said first alignment hole (110 or 112) in said piston (92) of said second piston assembly (29) is aligned with said eccentric alignment hole (114) of said second piston assembly (25) and wherein when said first alignment hole (110 or 112) of said piston (92) of said first piston assembly (27) is aligned with said eccentric alignment hole (114) of said first piston assembly (27), said pistons (92) are 180° out of phase.
20. The improvement of claim 19, further comprising a magnetic fixture (115) having two pins (119) which are extendable simultaneously through the first, second and eccentric alignment hole.
21. A pump having ports (138), wherein the pump is mounted to a base (136) with one or more elastomer tubular members (132 or 152) that define it least one passage for communication of a gaseous fluid to the port the elastomer members being connected at one end to the port and at the other end to the base.
22. A pump as claimed in claim 21, wherein the one or more elastomer bodies are relaxed when the pump is not operating$so as to rest the pump on a mount and when operating the bodies are subjected to pressure or vacuum that lifts the pump off the mount to support the pump with vibration isolation.
23. A pump as in claim 21, wherein the tubular bodies provide vibration isolation to the pump.
24. In a pump having a port (168), the improvement comprising a pump component (138, 140, 150, 160 or 166) having at least a portion which forms an insert (174), said insert insertable into the port, the insert having a deformable ring (182) at least partially around it that can be compressed between the insert (174) and the port when the insert (174) is inserted into the port and wherein when the ring (182) clears the port (168) with sufficient depth of insertion the ring expands outwardly to inhibit removal of the insert.
25. The improvement of claim 24, further comprising a second ring that is a sealing ring between the insert and the pump.
26. The improvement of claim 24, wherein the component is a port.
27. The improvement of clam 24, wherein the component is a plug.
28. The improvement of claim 24, wherein the component is a pressure relief valve.
29. The improvement of claim 28, wherein the resilient deformable portion is an elastomeric ring, a metal split ring, or a plastic split ring.
30. A pump component (166) with a end (174) insertable into a pump port (168), said insertable end (174) comprising:
- an resilient deformable portion (182)
- a portion more rigid than said deformable portion (178) at least partially surrounded by said deformable portion (182),
- an initial insert configuration wherein said deformable portion is deformed between an interior port surface and said more rigid material,
- a final insert position wherein said deformable portion has a configuration different from when in said initial insert configuration, an abutment (184) within said port blocking said deformable portion (182) to inhibit removal of said insertable end.
International Classification: F04B 35/04 (20060101);