PLOW SYSTEMS FOR NON-HIGHWAY VEHICLES
Non-highway vehicle plowing systems are described. The plowing system includes a mount assembly having a lower mount bracket, a plow mount bracket, an upper mount bracket, and an actuator bracket. The lower mount bracket is attached to the non-highway vehicle and the plow mount bracket is pivotably connected to the lower mounting bracket. The upper mount bracket is also secured to the non-highway vehicle and is constructed to engage the actuator bracket at a plurality of positions thereby allowing the plow mount assembly to be operable with a plurality of non-highway vehicles. The systems provide advantages in that the systems are not vehicle specific and are adaptable to different vehicle structures.
CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS
This application is a continuation-in-part and claims priority to co-pending U.S. application Ser. No. 11/513,879 titled “Plow System for Non-Highway Vehicles” filed Aug. 31, 2006 and the disclosure of which is incorporated herein.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
1. Field of the Invention
The present invention relates generally to the field of plowing systems and, more particularly, to a plow system for non-highway vehicles. Specifically, a preferred embodiment of the present invention relates to an all terrain vehicle or an “ATV” plowing system.
2. Discussion of the Related Art
ATV's and other non-highway type vehicles are frequently constructed for versatility, utility, and recreation. That is, where some users frequently use the non-highway type vehicles for recreational non-highway transportation, other users utilize such equipment for more utilitarian purposes. Hunters, ranchers, farmers, and tradesman frequently have one or more such vehicles to facilitate transportation across non-paved and relatively rugged landscapes. Such equipment is commonly equipped with plowing attachments to remove debris, e.g., snow from areas where other traditional highway-type plow-equipped vehicles cannot otherwise travel due to terrain or weight restrictions.
Known plow assemblies come in a variety of shapes, sizes, and configurations. Such plow assemblies commonly include a plow which is pivotably attached to an ATV. Here, a hand-actuated lever may extend from the plow such that, during operation, an operator must manually raise and/or lower the plow via the handle. This configuration requires the operator to remove a hand from the steering and control mechanism of the all terrain vehicle to manipulate the handle attached to the plow. Accordingly, it is often problematic for the operator to concurrently steer and raise and/or lower the plow assembly. Furthermore, such configurations require the operator have a sufficient amount of strength to raise the plow assembly from its normal lowered operating position. Such a configuration prevents certain operators from performing the plowing-type operation with the ATV equipped plow.
Still other configurations are designed so the plow assembly is raised and/or lowered via actuation of a winch attached to the all terrain vehicle. Although such assemblies overcome the aforementioned drawbacks of the handle-actuated plow assembly, they are not without their own respective drawbacks. Such systems require the addition of a winch to the ATV. Accordingly, such systems increase the cost associated with the plow system. Furthermore, although the winch provides upward pressure to raise the plow from an operating position, the weight of the plow is the only down pressure generated by such assemblies. Therefore, such systems are prone to “ride up” on a plowed material. That is, when traversing uneven terrain or plowing substantial amounts of snow, the plow has a tendency to raise up above a desired plow level. Even further, the winch utilized to raise and/or lower the plow assembly is commonly geared to provide slow cable translation relative to the amount of pull force generated by the winch. Accordingly, raising and/or lowering the plow assembly is time consuming and increases the time required for a given plowing operation.
Still other ATV plow assemblies provide an actuator manipulated plow assembly. Although such systems overcome the drawbacks associated with the lack of down pressure of the winch plow assembly previously described, such systems also present their own relative deficiencies. Such assemblies are frequently tailored to specific all terrain vehicles. That is, a mounting kit specific to any particular vehicle must often be purchased in order to adapt the actuator manipulated plow assembly for connection to a specific all terrain vehicle. Accordingly, such systems increase the user and manufacturer cost associated with such systems. Furthermore, where a user has more than one all terrain vehicle, an ATV plowing assembly adapted for each vehicle must be purchased. Still further, were a user to purchase a new all terrain vehicle, an already owned plow assembly may not be connectable to the new all terrain vehicle.
Regardless of whether the plow is handle, winch, or electric/hydraulic actuator actuated as previously described, these systems suffer from a further drawback. The systems have the plow attached to the all terrain vehicle via a relatively rigid, albeit pivotable, plow mount assembly. That is, although the plow is pivotably attached to the all terrain vehicle, such systems do not address impact moments and discontinuities experienced by the plow and plow mount as the plow and all terrain vehicle traverse uneven terrain. When such plows are in a lowered position, discontinuities in the plowed terrain are translated directly through the plow mount to the all terrain vehicle. Such rigid connections translate the upward and downward pressures inflicted upon the plow directly to the all terrain vehicle. If the plow traverses terrain and rides up, it has a tendency to raise the front wheels of the all terrain vehicle, thereby negatively affecting the traction of the all terrain vehicle. As the all terrain vehicle traverses terrain with the plow in a raised position, even though the suspension of the all terrain vehicle may absorb some impacts of the terrain, the plow, being rigidly connected thereto, accentuates the bounce of the plow and translates it directly to the ATV. Accordingly, such assemblies detract from a user's comfort during a plowing operation, increase the time required for a plowing operation, or fail to adequately remove the plowed material from the terrain. Such systems also may not adequately deal with stress and strain put on the actuator and mounting assembly.
Therefore, it would be desirable to provide an all terrain vehicle plowing system that absorbs impacts as the system traverses terrain, is simple to use and/or operate, and is constructed to be connected to a plurality of all terrain vehicle constructions.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
The present invention is directed to a plow mount system that overcomes the aforementioned problems. The plowing system includes a mount assembly having a lower mount bracket, a plow mount bracket, an upper mount bracket, and an actuator bracket. The lower mount bracket is attached to the non-highway vehicle and the plow mount bracket is pivotably connected to the lower mounting bracket. The upper mount bracket is also secured to the non-highway vehicle and is constructed to engage the actuator bracket at a plurality of positions thereby allowing the plow mount assembly to be operable with a plurality of non-highway vehicles. The systems provide advantages in that the systems are not vehicle specific and are adaptable to different vehicle structures.
One aspect of the present invention discloses providing a plowing system that is securable to any of a number of vehicle configuration.
Another aspect of the invention discloses providing a plow system that can be independently configurable to accommodate operation of the plow system with one or more vehicle configurations
A further aspect of the invention includes various means of simply and efficiently configuring the plowing system for operation with any of the number of vehicle constructions.
Yet another aspect of the invention discloses a plowing system that is configured to provide positive upward and downward pressure to a plow blade associated with the plowing system.
An even further aspect of the invention includes providing a shock arresting system for absorbing impacts generally associated with operation of the plow system over obstructions or other uneven terrain.
A plowing system in accordance with one or more of the above aspects provides a plowing system that is operable with various vehicle configurations, is robust, exhibits desirable attributes during plowing operations, can be quickly and efficiently integrated into a variety of vehicle configurations, and is simple and enjoyable to operate.
These, and other aspects and advantages of the present invention will be better appreciated and understood when considered in conjunction with the following description and the accompanying drawings. It should be understood, however, that the following description, while indicating preferred embodiments of the present invention, is given by way of illustration and not of limitation. Many changes and modifications may be made within the scope of the present invention without departing from the spirit thereof, and the invention includes all such modifications.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
A clear conception of the advantages and features constituting the present invention, and of the construction and operation of typical mechanisms provided with the present invention, will become more readily apparent by referring to the exemplary, and therefore non-limiting, embodiments illustrated in the drawings accompanying and forming a part of this specification, wherein like reference numerals designate the same elements in the several views, and in which:
In describing the various preferred embodiments of the invention which are illustrated in the drawings, specific terminology is resorted to for the sake of clarity. However, it is not intended that the invention be limited to the specific terms so selected and it is to be understood that each specific term includes all technical equivalents which operate in a similar manner to accomplish a similar purpose. For example, the words connected, secured, attached or terms similar thereto are often used. They are not limited to direct connection unless otherwise specified but include connection through other elements where such connection is recognized as being equivalent by those skilled in the art.
DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENT
Plowing system 10 preferably includes a plow mount system, for example, a lower mount bracket assembly or lower mount assembly 11 that includes a first member, first bracket, or frame bracket 16. A first end 18 of frame bracket 16 is attached to all terrain vehicle 14. Preferably frame bracket 16 is secured to a body or frame 17 of all terrain vehicle 14 or other structure, such as brush guards and the like secured directly thereto. Lower mount assembly 11 includes a second member, second bracket, or plow bracket 20 that is rotationally connected to frame bracket 16 proximate a second end 22 thereof.
Plow 12 includes a pair of ribs 24, which extend from a rear surface 26 of plow 12. A pin 28 passes through each of ribs 24 and pivotably attaches plow 12 to plow bracket 20. Each of a pair of springs 30 has a first end 32, which is connected to plow bracket 20, and a second end 34, which engages an adjustable connector, eye-bolt, or bolt 36. Each bolt 36 is adjustably connected to one of ribs 24 such that the tension of springs 30 can be adjusted. Springs 30 maintain plow 12 in a generally upright position unless an immovable obstruction is encountered by a blade edge 38 of plow 12 during a plowing operation. When blade edge 38 impacts an immovable obstruction, springs 30 deflect, thereby allowing plow 12 to roll, in a direction indicated by arrow 40, to minimize operator sensing of the impact and allowing plow 12 to snugly deflect about the immovable obstruction.
Lower mount assembly 11 of plow system 10 includes an intermediate bracket, or a third bracket 42 pivotably connected to frame bracket 16. An actuator assembly 44 is connected to third bracket 42. An absorber, arrestor, or shock arrestor 46 is connected to third bracket 42 between actuator assembly 44 and the pivotable connection of third bracket 42 to frame bracket 16. Shock arrestor 46 dampens movement between the vehicle and plow 12. Actuator assembly 44 presently includes an actuator 45, an extendable rain or ram 48 and a driving means, such as a pump, motor, or actuator motor 50. Actuator motor 50 is operatively connected to a power system 49 of ATV 14 via connector 52. Connector 52 extends to the controls of ATV 14, thereby allowing the operator of the ATV to control the operation of actuator motor 50 and thereby the positioning of plow 12.
An actuator first end 54 of actuator 45 is pivotably attached to lower mount assembly 11 proximate one or a first end 56 of third bracket 42. Another or second end 58 of actuator 45 is pivotably connected to an actuator bracket 60. As shown in
As shown in
Upper mount assembly 90 includes an optional light mount assembly 136 disposed at generally opposite ends of crossbar 96. Light mount assemblies 136 are secured to crossbar 96 via a fastener 138 and an associated washer 140. Each light mount assembly includes a light bracket 142 having an opening 144 formed therein and constructed to engage a light element 145, as shown in
As shown in
As shown in
Plow 212 includes a number of ribs 224, which extend from a rear surface 226 of plow 212. A pin 228 passes through each of the interior oriented ribs 224 and pivotably attaches plow 212 to plow bracket 220. Each of a pair of springs 230 has a first end 232, which is connected to plow bracket 220, and a second end 234, which engages an adjustable connector, eye-bolt, or bolt 236. Each bolt 236 is adjustably connected to one of ribs 224 such that the tension of springs 230 can be adjusted. Springs 230 maintain plow 212 in a generally upright position unless an immovable or otherwise rigid obstruction is encountered by a cutting or blade edge 238 of plow 212 during a plowing operation. When blade edge 238 impacts an immovable obstruction, springs 230 deflect, thereby allowing plow 212 to roll, in a direction indicated by arrow 240. Springs 230 allow plow 212 to snugly deflect about the obstruction and reduce operator sensing of the impact.
Lower mount assembly 211 of plow system 210 includes an intermediate bracket, or a third bracket 242 that is pivotably connected to frame bracket 216. An actuator assembly 244 is connected to third bracket 242. As described further with respect to
Actuator assembly 244 includes an actuator 245, an extendable ram or ram 248 and a driving means, such as a pump, motor, or actuator motor 250. Actuator motor 250 is operatively connected to a power system 249 of ATV 214 via connector 252. Control of actuator motor 250 is communicated toward the controls of ATV 214, generally associated with a handlebar or handlebar area, and thereby allows the operator of the ATV to control the operation of actuator motor 250 from a position seated atop ATV 214. As described further below, operation of actuator motor 250 manipulates the length of ram 248 thereby manipulating the positioning of plow 212.
A first end 254 of actuator 245, or actuator first end 254, is pivotably attached to lower mount assembly 211 proximate a first end 256 of third bracket 242. Another or second end 258 of actuator 245 is pivotably connected to an actuator bracket 260 of a variable position upper mount assembly 290. As shown in
During operation of actuator motor 250, ram 248 extends and retracts in response to the operator inputs communicated to actuator assembly through connector 252. When ram 248 is located in an extended position, plowing system 210 applies a down pressure at blade edge 238 of plow 212. When an operator desires to raise the plow, ram 248 of actuator assembly 244 is retracted, thereby raising blade edge 238 of plow 212 from a ground surface.
As shown in
Actuator bracket 260 includes a pair of arms 301, 303 that are positioned on generally opposite sides of second end 258 of actuator 245. Each arm 301, 303 includes an opening constructed to accommodate a pivot or pin 304 that passes through each arm 301, 303 and secures second end 258 of actuator 245 to actuator bracket 260. A key or cotter pin 309 secures pin 304 to arms 301, 303 with second end 258 of actuator 245 secured therebetween. When secured, operation of actuator 245 translates second end 258 of actuator 245 relative to actuator bracket 260.
Channel 320 is constructed to slidably receive each spring clip 306, 307 such that a spring 334 of each spring clip 306, 307 biases plate 316 against lips 330, 332 when spring clips 306, 307 are disposed within channel 320. When assembled, lips 330, 332 are generally disposed between plates 316 and wall 310 of actuator bracket 260 such that tightening fasteners 312 generally fixes the position of actuator bracket 260 relative to rail 292. Plates 316 cooperate with channel 320 such that walls 322, 324 prevent rotation of plates 316 during manipulation of fasteners 312. Fasteners 312 can be loosened to allow translation of actuator bracket 260, indicated by arrow 336 in
As shown in
The independent positioning of rail 292 relative to ATV 214 and actuator bracket 260 relative to rail 292 allows upper mount assembly 290 to be configured for interaction with any of a number of vehicle constructions and orientations. Furthermore, upper mount assembly 290 is configured to allow rail 292 and actuator bracket 260 to be quickly and efficiently positioned, or repositioned, without removing rail 292 from vehicle 214 and/or actuator bracket 260 from rail 292, respectively. Accordingly, upper mount assembly is both easily configurable for different vehicles and conveniently configurable for the preference of particular users and/or applications. Additionally, such a construction allows plow system 210 to be configured for operation when the other systems of the ATV are reconfigured. For example, suspension components such as shocks, springs, or tires can be varied to achieve a desired ride or suspension configuration of the ATV and plow system 210 would still be operable with the ATV. Accordingly plowing system 210 is highly versatile and functional with ATV's constructed by different manufacturers and/or having different front end/frame assemblies, sub-assemblies as between different model years from a common manufacturer.
As shown in
As shown in
Similar to plowing systems 10 and 80, plowing system 210 is constructed to reduce the impact of an obstruction that is translated through plowing system 210 to the frame of the ATV connected thereto. Similarly, when in a raised position, arrestor 246 dampens vibrational “bounce” of plow 212 as ATV 214 moves across uneven terrain. Such a construction minimizes the effects of plow bounce during non-operational transportation of the plow, as well as operational impacts subjected to the plow thereby reducing operator fatigue during a plowing process. Accordingly, arrestor 246 reduces the potential of damaging plow system 210, lower mount assembly 211, actuator assembly 244 upper mount assembly 290, or ATV 214 from plow impacts.
Each of plowing systems 10, 80, 210 reduces operator fatigue by limiting or wholly isolating occasional impacts subjected to the plow from being translated to the operator. Plow systems 10, 80, 210 are also applicable to a variety of vehicle platforms and constructions. Plowing systems 10, 80, 210 can be quickly and efficiently configured for operation with any of a number of vehicles as well as configured for individual operator preferences.
The present invention has been described in terms of various embodiments, and it is recognized that equivalents, alternatives and modifications, aside from those expressly stated, are possible and within the scope of the appending claims.
1. A plowing system comprising:
- a frame bracket connectable to a vehicle body;
- an actuator having an actuator first end connected to the frame bracket and an actuator second end;
- an actuator bracket having a first end connected to the actuator second end; and
- a mount bracket for being secured to a vehicle body in a plurality of positions and for engaging the actuator bracket at a plurality of positions independent of the position of the mount bracket relative to the vehicle body.
2. The plowing system of claim 1 further comprising an offset bracket connected between the actuator first end and the frame bracket.
3. The plowing system of claim 2 further comprising a shock arrestor connected to a plow bracket that is connected to the frame bracket and constructed to engage a plow blade, the shock arrester allowing the plow bracket to move independent of the actuator.
4. The plowing system of claim 3 wherein the shock arrestor further comprises a support pin that defines a maximum distance between the offset bracket and the frame bracket and a spring that defines a minimum distance between the offset bracket and the frame bracket.
5. The plowing system of claim 1 further comprising a motor connected to the actuator for controlling extension and retraction of a ram of the actuator.
6. The plowing system of claim 1 further comprising a pair of springs attached to the frame bracket and constructed to engage a plow attached thereto, the springs being disposed on generally opposite sides of the frame bracket.
7. The plowing system of claim 1 wherein the mount bracket has a generally U-shaded cross-section and the actuator bracket is constructed to engage an open end of the U-shaped cross-section.
8. The plowing system of claim 1 wherein the vehicle body is an all terrain vehicle.
9. An all terrain vehicle comprising:
- a first bracket for attaching to the vehicle;
- a second bracket for pivotably connecting to the first bracket and for attaching a first portion of an actuator to the vehicle; and
- a third bracket for attaching to the vehicle at a position remote from the first bracket and for securing a slide attached to a second portion of the actuator to the vehicle, the slide being securable to the third bracket in a plurality of positions and the third bracket being securable to the vehicle in a plurality of positions.
10. The all terrain vehicle of claim 9 further comprising an arrestor for dampening movement between the vehicle and the plow.
11. The all terrain vehicle of claim 10 wherein the arrestor further comprises a pin for attaching the second bracket and at least one of the first bracket and a fourth bracket for connecting to the first bracket and a plow and for allowing axial displacement therebetween and a spring for resisting the axial displacement.
12. The vehicle of claim 9 further comprising a pair of U-bolts constructed to engage the third bracket to secure the third bracket to a vehicle without interfering with translation of the slide relative to the third bracket.
13. The vehicle of claim 12 wherein the third bracket further comprises a first side having a number of openings and that is constructed to face the vehicle when secured thereto and a pair of lateral sides extending from generally opposite ends of the first side, each lateral side having a lip for engaging the slide.
14. The vehicle of claim 9 further comprising a motor attached to the actuator and connected to a power system of the all terrain vehicle for controlling a position of a ram of the actuator.
15. A plow mount system comprising:
- a lower mount bracket assembly having a first member for engaging a frame of an all terrain vehicle and a second member for rotationally attaching to the first member and attaching a plow blade;
- a powered actuator having a first end for attaching to the lower mount bracket assembly and a ram for moving a second end relative to the first end;
- an upper mount bracket assembly for attaching to the all terrain vehicle; and
- an actuator bracket securable at a plurality of positions between the second end of the powered actuator and the upper mount bracket assembly for providing a plurality of offset distances between the second end of the of the powered actuator and a cutting edge of the plow blade when the plow blade is engaged with a ground surface.
16. The plow mount system of claim 15 further comprising a channel formed along a length of the upper mount bracket, the channel constructed to receive a slide to be secured to the actuator bracket to compress a portion of the upper mount bracket therebetween.
17. The plow mount system of claim 16 further comprising a spring connected to the slide and constructed to bias the slide toward an open end of the channel.
18. The plow mount system of claim 17 further comprising a number of slots formed through the upper mount bracket in fluid communication with the channel for engaging a number of U-shaped fasteners having a portion of the vehicle positioned in an opening of a respective fastener.
19. The plow mount system of claim 15 further comprising an intermediate bracket having one end pivotably connected to the first end of the powered actuator and another end pivotably connected to the lower mount bracket assembly.
20. The plow mount system of claim 19 further comprising an absorber connected between the intermediate bracket and the lower mount bracket assembly and constructed to provide a variable distance therebetween based on a position of the ram.