Systems and Methods for using DC Change Parameters in Video Coding and Decoding

The present application discloses systems and methods for using DC change parameters in video coding. In one embodiment, the method includes the steps of: (a) obtaining a DC change parameter; (b) decoding encoded video data to obtain reconstructed pixel values; and (c) using the reconstructed pixel values, a filter, and the DC change parameter to obtain filtered reconstructed pixel values with a DC change.

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Description

TECHNICAL FIELD

The present invention generally relates to video codecs (i.e., video encoders or video decoders). In one aspect, the invention relates to using DC change parameters in video coding and decoding.

BACKGROUND

When encoding a sequence of video frames, temporal redundancy can be exploited by predicting pixel values for a frame based on pixel values from one or more previous frames. Pixel value prediction is an important part of video coding standards such as H.261, H.263, MPEG-4 and H.264. In H.264 there are two pixel prediction methods, namely intra prediction and inter prediction. Intra prediction gives a spatial prediction of the current block using previously reconstructed pixels values in the current frame. Inter prediction gives a temporal prediction of the current block using a corresponding but displaced block in a previously decoded frame (e.g. reference block). Inter prediction can also use a weighted average of two inter predictions and additive offsets of the predictions. The prediction error compared to the original is then transform coded and quantized. A reconstructed frame (i.e., reconstructed pixel values) can be generated by adding the prediction and the coded prediction error. A loop filter is then applied to reduce coding artifacts before storing the frame in a reference frame buffer for later use by inter prediction.

In H.264 it is possible to address average pixel value (e.g. DC value) variations between frames in inter prediction using a multiplicative reference frame weighting factor or an additive reference frame offset to the inter prediction. However it is not possible to address such variations for specific parts of a coded region.

Accordingly, what is desired are improved systems and methods for video encoding/decoding.

SUMMARY

In one aspect, the invention provides a method for using DC change parameters in video coding performed by a video codec (as used herein the term “video codec” means “video encoder or video decoder”). In some embodiments, this method includes the following steps: (a) obtaining a DC change parameter; (b) decoding encoded video data to obtain reconstructed pixel values; and (c) using the reconstructed pixel values, a filter, and the DC change parameter to obtain filtered reconstructed pixel values with a DC change. In some embodiments, the method also includes obtaining a DC change parameter for each of a plurality of coding parameters, where at least one of said coding parameters is a sub-pel property of a motion vector used in inter frame prediction.

In some embodiments, the filtered reconstructed pixel values is an inter frame prediction. In other embodiments, the filtered reconstructed pixel values is a loop filtered reconstruction.

In some embodiments step (c) comprises using the DC change parameter to modify the filter to obtain a modified filter; and filtering the reconstructed pixel values using the modified filter. In other embodiments step (c) comprises filtering the reconstructed pixel values using the filter to produce filtered reconstructed pixel values; and modifying the filtered reconstructed pixel values by addition with the DC change parameter. In yet other embodiments, step (c) comprises filtering the reconstructed pixel values using the filter to produce filtered reconstructed pixel values; and modifying the filtered reconstructed pixel values by multiplication with the DC change parameter.

In some embodiments, the method also includes using the filtered reconstructed pixel values to produce a motion vector and a predicted block of pixel values; determining a prediction error block corresponding to the predicted block of pixel values; applying a frequency selective transform on the prediction error block to obtain a block of transform coefficients; quantizing and entropy encoding the block of transform coefficients; entropy encoding the DC change parameter; and transmitting to a decoder the motion vector, the entropy encoded DC change parameter, and the quantized and entropy encoded block of transform coefficients.

In another aspect, the present invention provides a method of decoding encoded video data. I some embodiments, the method includes the following steps: (a) receiving the encoded video data, the encoded video data comprising a motion vector and a DC change parameter associated with the motion vector; (b) producing a predicted block of pixel values using a block of pixel values of a previously decoded frame, the motion vector and the DC change parameter; and (c) using the predicted block of pixel values and prediction error information to produce a reconstructed block of pixel values. In some embodiments, the DC change parameter included in the encoded video data is entropy encoded and the method further comprises entropy decoding the DC change parameter prior to using the DC change parameter to produce the predicted block of pixel values.

In another aspect, the invention provides an improved video codec. In some embodiments, the improved video codec comprises: a data processing system; and a data storage system storing video codec software, the video codec software comprising: computer instructions for obtaining reconstructed pixel values; and computer instructions for using the reconstructed pixel values, a filter, and a DC change parameter to obtain filtered reconstructed pixel values with a DC change.

In some embodiments, the video codec software further includes computer instructions for obtaining a set of DC change parameters, where each DC change parameter included in the set is associated with a coding parameter, and at least one of said coding parameters is a sub-pel property of a motion vector used in inter frame prediction.

In some embodiment, the video coded also includes a receiver for receiving encoded video data, where the received encoded video data comprises an entropy encoded DC change parameter, and the video codec software further comprises computer instructions for entropy decoding the DC change parameter.

In some embodiments, the filtered reconstructed pixel values is an inter frame prediction, while in other embodiments, the filtered reconstructed pixel values is a loop filtered reconstruction.

In some embodiments, the computer instructions for using the reconstructed pixel values, the filter, and the DC change parameter to obtain the filtered reconstructed pixel values with the DC change comprises computer instructions for using the DC change parameter to modify the filter to obtain a modified filter and filtering the reconstructed pixel values using the modified filter. In other embodiments, the computer instructions include computer instructions for filtering the reconstructed pixel values using the filter to produce filtered reconstructed pixel values and modifying the filtered reconstructed pixel values by addition with the DC change parameter. In yet other embodiments, the computer instructions include computer instructions for filtering the reconstructed pixel values using the filter to produce filtered reconstructed pixel values and modifying the filtered reconstructed pixel values by multiplication with the DC change parameter.

In some embodiments, the video codec software further comprises computer instructions for using the filtered reconstructed pixel values to produce a motion vector and a predicted block of pixel values.

In another aspect, the invention provides an improved video decoder. In some embodiments, the improved video decoder includes: a receiver for receiving encoded video data, the encoded video data comprising a DC change parameter associated with a coding parameter (e.g., a sub-pel property of a motion vector used in inter frame prediction); a data storage system storing video codec software; and a data processing system operable to execute the video codec software, wherein the video codec software comprises: computer instructions for producing a predicted block of pixel values using a block of pixel values of a previously decoded frame and the DC change parameter; and computer instructions for using the predicted block of pixel values and prediction error information to produce a reconstructed block of pixel values.

In some embodiments, the DC change parameter included in the encoded video data is entropy encoded and the video codec software further comprises computer instructions for entropy decoding the DC change parameter.

The above and other aspects and embodiments are described below with reference to the accompanying drawings.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

The accompanying drawings, which are incorporated herein and form part of the specification, illustrate various embodiments of the present invention and, together with the description, further serve to explain the principles of the invention and to enable a person skilled in the pertinent art to make and use the invention. In the drawings, like reference numbers indicate identical or functionally similar elements.

FIG. 1 illustrates a system according to an embodiment of the invention.

FIG. 2 is a functional block diagram illustrating an embodiment of the invention.

FIG. 3 is a flow chart illustrating a process according to an embodiment of the invention.

FIG. 4 is a flow chart illustrating a process according to an embodiment of the invention.

FIG. 5 is a block diagram of an encoder according to an embodiment of the invention.

FIG. 6 is a block diagram of a decoder according to an embodiment of the invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

Referring now to FIG. 1, FIG. 1 illustrates a system 100 according to an embodiment of the invention. As shown in FIG. 1, system 100 includes a video encoder 102 that receives source video data 101 and is configured to encode the source video data 101 to produce encoded video data 103. The encoded video data 103 is provided to a decoder 104. Decoder 104 is configured to decode the encoded video data 103 to produce decoded video data 105, which may be displayed by a video display 106.

It has been recognized that, typically, low-level features of an image are similar in a local region or in several local regions in the image. One example of a low-level feature is the average value of pixels in a local region. There are also local regions which are changed similarly between two time instants.

In one aspect of the invention, an aim is to address these variations that similarly happen in one or several local regions by low-level adjustments valid for a larger region. In this way, local low-level luminance and chrominance variations between original local regions and coded local regions can be addressed by global low-level side information. The global low-level side information can thereby aid local side information providing efficiently encoded local regions. This is illustrated in FIG. 2, which shows that global low-level side information 201 can be utilized together with local side information 202 to produce an encoded/decoding local region 203. That is, global low-level side information 201 can be used to aid encoding/decoding of a local region. In some embodiments, global low-level information 201 includes information related to changes in average pixel value in a local region between an original local region and a coded local region.

In addition to global low-level information 201 including information related to changes in average pixel value, global low-level information 201 may include information relating to spatial variation in pixel values (e.g., gradient in vertical and/or horizontal direction). For example, generally, pixel values are larger closer to a light source than further away from it. The pixel value intensity decays inversely proportional with the squared distance to the light source. Thus when an object is moving closer to a light source the pixel values of the object is increased. However not only the average value is increased also the variation in pixel values between one side of the object and the other side of the object can also be increased (e.g. the gradient is changed). Therefore, it may be useful to consider spatial variation in pixel values.

Another feature of the present invention is to store low-level information related to differences between original local regions and coded local regions and use the low-level information globally as a starting point for encoding/decoding several local regions. One example of such low-level information is a transform coefficient for encoding the difference between an original region and a predicted region. Accordingly, a feature of the invention is to use this global low-level information to aid encoding/decoding of a local region, wherein the global low-level information relates to common local differences between original local regions and coded local regions. In some embodiments, it is important that the global low-level information is used efficiently in encoding/decoding local regions. Accordingly, in some embodiments, the global low-level information is attached to the sub-pel property of the interpolation filters in motion compensated inter prediction. For example, in some embodiments, the global low-level information is specific to the sub-pel property of the motion information. All regions which are inter predicted with the same sub-pel property of the motion information, for example quarter-pel motion both horizontally and vertically, use same global low-level information for improving the inter prediction. Another example is to link the global low-level information to the mode of the intra prediction information. All regions which are intra predicted with the same intra prediction mode, for example vertical prediction, use the same global low-level information for improving the intra prediction.

The low-level variations can be accomplished in two principal ways, either independent or dependent of the reference pixel values. Dependence is achieved by either having the used filter coefficients to sum up to a certain constant (e.g., gain), which then defines a multiplicative scaling of the reference pixel values or to have an explicit multiplicative scaling of the filter output. If the gain is 1 no scaling of the pixel values are performed. The independence approach is achieved by an additive scaling of the filter output. Filter output is the result of applying a filter on the reference pixel values. The additive scaling can either be performed before rounding and right shift in fixed point implementation of the filtering or after the filtering process. The choice depends on desired accuracy of the additive scaling. According, embodiments of the invention may: (1) use global low-level information for changing the gain of a selected interpolation filter, (2) multiply the global low-level information with an output from filtering reference pixel values, and (3) add the global low-level information to a filter output from filtering reference pixel values.

The embodiments of the invention described herein can be used in motion compensated filtering, post/loop filtering or intra prediction. In post/loop filtering the current reconstructed frame (a.k.a., the reference frame) is filtered to better match the current original frame. If the filtering is outside the loop it is referred to post-filtering and if it is inside the coding loop it is referred to loop filtering. In motion compensated filtering a previous coded frame from another time instant (e.g. reference frame) is filtered to better fit the current original frame. In intra prediction previously reconstructed pixel values (e.g., reference pixel values) of the current frame is filtered and extrapolated to better fit the current region to be coded. In all three examples some filter is applied to previously coded pixel values to get a better match with the original pixel values. Accordingly, embodiments of the invention may be used to: improve motion compensated inter prediction, improve intra prediction, refine reconstructed pixel values before storage, and refine reconstructed pixel values before showing them on a display.

As mentioned above, it is typical for a filter (e.g., a filter function—such as a spatial transfer function) to be applied to previously coded pixels in an encoding or decoding process. For example, a filter function F may be applied to a block of pixel values R in a current frame to produce filtered pixel values P as illustrated below in Equation 1

P ( k , l ) = i = 0 N - 1 j = 0 M - 1 F ( i , j ) R ( k - i + int ( N 2 ) , l - j + int ( M 2 ) ) , ( Equation 1 )

where P (k,l) is a pixel at row k and column l of the filtered frame, R is a block of pixel values, F(i,j) is a value of a two dimensional spatial transfer function with N rows and M columns at position (i,j), k and l are offsets positioning the filtered block corresponding to the position of the current block in the frame of pixel values, int is the truncation on integer function. H.264, for example, defines a set of filters including the following filter for half-pel interpolation in one direction [1-5 20 20-5 1]/32.

In both inter frame prediction and loop filtering, the filtering takes place inside a coding loop in video coding. In inter frame prediction, the frame of pixel values R is a previously decoded and reconstructed frame from another time instant than the time instant of the current block to be predicted (i.e., R comprises reconstructed pixel values). The position is also offset according to the motion between the frames. In the loop filtering, the frame of pixel values R is the currently reconstructed frame before display and storage for inter frame prediction. The loop filtered frame can then be used for display and for inter frame prediction.

When filtering is implemented in fixed point arithmetic, which is usually the case, the filtering shown in Equation 1 can be performed directly using the quantized values as shown below in equation 2:

P ( k , l ) = ( i = 0 N - 1 j = 0 M - 1 F _ ( i , j ) R ( k - i + int ( N 2 ) , l - j + int ( M 2 ) ) + 2 B - 1 ) >> B , ( equation 2 )

where >>corresponds to down shift with B bits or similarly division by 2B, and 2B-1 corresponds to a rounding factor. Where F is a quantized version of F in Equation 1. Quantization of one filter coefficient is defined as:
F(i,j)=sign(F(i,j))*int(abs(F(i,j))*2B+0.5), wherein abs (F(i,j)) is the magnitude of F(i,j), sign(F(i,j)) is the sign of F(i,j).

Referring now to FIG. 3, FIG. 3 is a flow chart illustrating a process 300, according to some embodiments of the invention, for inter frame prediction. Process 300 may begin in step 302, where for each block of a frame of pixel values a motion vector and a predicted block is produced using the techniques that are well known in the art. For example, as is well known in the art, the step of determining a predicted block may include filtering reconstructed pixel values to obtain filtered reconstructed pixel values.

In step 304, for each of the blocks, a prediction error block is determined (e.g., the pixel differences between the original block and the predicted block) using well known techniques.

In step 306, for each prediction error block, a frequency selective transform is applied on the prediction error block to obtain a block of transform coefficients.

In step 308, for each block of transform coefficients, the block of transform coefficients is quantized and entropy encoded.

In step 310, one or more DC change parameters (e.g., optimal DC change parameters) are determined for respective full-pixel and/or sub-pixel predicted blocks. A DC change parameter, in some embodiments, is a parameter that varies all of the reconstructed pixel values in a region and/or block similarly. In one embodiment, the DC change parameters are determined by first defining one or several sets of blocks of reconstructed pixel values that shall be modified with the DC change parameter. One criterion is to select blocks that have large errors in comparison to the original pixel values. Another criterion is to select blocks that have one similar or same coding parameter. Some examples of coding parameters are inter prediction modes (sub-pixel property of the motion vector) and intra prediction modes. Next, for each defined set of blocks, minimize the squared error E2 between original pixel values Sn, and filtered reconstructed pixel values Rn by finding the optimal DC change parameter g, where

E 2 = n ( S n - g ( R n ) ) 2 ,

in some embodiments. This can be preformed with standard least square optimization techniques. An alternative approach is to test different values of the DC change parameter and select the one that gives the least error.

In step 312, for each block of the frame of pixel values, a new motion vector and a new predicted block is produced using a determined DC change parameter.

In step 313, steps 304-308 are performed again, but this time using the motion vectors and the predicted blocks produced from performing step 312.

In step 314, the DC change parameters are entropy encoded together with the other video coding parameters.

In step 316, the produced motion vectors and entropy encoded transform coefficients and the DC change parameters are provided (e.g., transmitted) to an decoder.

As mentioned above, the step of producing the predicted block and motion vector may include filtering reconstructed pixel values to obtain filtered reconstructed pixel values. For example, step 302 may include computing filtered reconstructed pixel values using Equation 1 or Equation 2. In such embodiments, the step of using the determined DC change parameters in step 312 may include modifying the filter functions that were used in step 302 and using the modified filter functions to produce filtered reconstructed pixel values with a DC change, which are used to produce the predicted blocks and motion vectors. For example, if Fr is a filter function that was used in the performance of step 302, then step 312 may include: (a) modifying Fr using the DC change parameter determined in step 310 to produce a modified filter function Fm, (b) using Fm to produce filtered reconstructed pixel values with a DC change, and (c) using the filtered reconstructed pixel values to produce the predicted blocks and motion vectors. In some embodiments, Fm may be produced using the following equation: Fm=Fr+gFdc, where g is a DC change parameter and Fdc is a spatial filter function that modifies DC according to the DC change parameter g. One example of Fdc is a filter with one filter coefficient equal to one and the rest equal to zero (e.g., [0 1 0 0 0 0]). Another example of Fdc is a filter with two filter coefficients equal to one and the rest equal to zero (e.g., [0 1 0 0 1 0]). Accordingly, in some embodiments, step 312 may include computing filtered reconstructed pixel values with a DC change using the following equation:

R f ( k , l ) = i = 0 N - 1 j = 0 M - 1 F m ( i , j ) R ( k - i + int ( N 2 ) , l - j + int ( M 2 ) ) ,

where Rf(k,l) is a filtered reconstructed pixel value.

In other embodiments, the step of using the determined DC change parameters in step 312 may include modifying filtered reconstructed pixel values by multiplication with a DC change parameter g, as follows:

R f ( k , l ) = g i = 0 N - 1 j = 0 M - 1 F r ( i , j ) R ( k - i + int ( N 2 ) , l - j + int ( M 2 ) ) .

In yet another embodiment, the step of using the determined DC change parameters in step 312 may include modifying filtered reconstructed pixel values by addition with a DC change parameter g, as follows:

R f ( k , l ) = g + i = 0 N - 1 j = 0 M - 1 F r ( i , j ) R ( k - i + int ( N 2 ) , l - j + int ( M 2 ) ) .

In some embodiments, the above techniques may be combined.

Referring now to FIG. 4, FIG. 4 is a flow chart illustrating a process 400, according to an embodiment of the invention, for decoding video data encoded according to process 300.

Process 400 may begin in step 402, where decoder 104 receives video data encoded according to process 300. This received encoded video data includes video coding parameters. More specifically, in some embodiments, the received encoded video data includes entropy encoded video coding parameters.

In step 404, the decoder entropy decodes the video coding parameters included in the received encoded video data. These video encoding parameters include one or more DC change parameters, and each of the one or more DC change parameters is associated with one or more motion vectors included in the received encoded video data. More specifically, in some embodiments, each DC change parameter is associated with a type of motion vector. As an example, all motion vectors of a certain type (e.g., all motion vectors having a certain sub-pixel interpolation property) are associated with a DC change parameter. As another example, a DC change parameter is associated with all full-pixel motion vectors.

In step 406, the decoder produces a predicted block of pixel values using a block of pixel values of a previously decoded frame, a motion vector, and the DC change parameter associated with the motion vector. For example, in step 406 the decoder produces a predicted block of pixel values by displacing a corresponding block of pixel values of a previously decoded frame (i.e., reconstructed pixel values) according to the motion vector, which has a sub-pel property, and the DC change parameter linked with the sub-pel property of the motion vector.

In step 408, the decoder inverse quantizes and inverse transforms a prediction error associated with the motion vector.

In step 410, the decoder adds the inverse quantized and inverse transformed prediction error to the predicted block to obtain a reconstructed block of pixel values.

In step 412, the reconstructed block of pixel values may be stored or may be used to output an image on display 106.

Referring now to FIG. 5, FIG. 5 is a functional block diagram of encoder 102 according to some embodiments of the invention. As shown, encoder 102 may comprise a data processing system 502 (e.g., one or more microprocessors), a data storage system 506 (e.g., one or more non-volatile storage devices) and computer video codec software 508 stored on the storage system 506. Configuration parameters 510 may also be stored in storage system 506. Encoder 102 also includes transmit (Tx) circuitry 504 for transmitting encoded video data 103 to decoder 104 and receiver (Rx) circuitry 505 for receiving source video 101 from a video source 562 (alternatively source video may be stored in storage system 506). Video codec software 508 is configured such that when processing system 502 executes video codec software 508, encoder 102 performs steps described above (e.g., steps described above with reference to the flow chart shown in FIG. 3). For example, video codec software 508 may include: (1) computer instructions configured to determine a DC change parameter; (2) computer instructions configured to decode encoded video data to obtain reconstructed pixel values; and (3) computer instructions configured to use the reconstructed pixel values, a filter, and the DC change parameter to obtain filtered reconstructed pixel values with a DC change.

Referring now to FIG. 6, FIG. 6 is a functional block diagram of decoder 104 according to some embodiments of the invention. As shown, decoder 104 may comprise a data processing system 602 (e.g., one or more microprocessors), a data storage system 606 (e.g., one or more non-volatile storage devices) and computer video codec software 608 stored on the storage system 606. Configuration parameters 610 may also be stored in storage system 606. Decoder 104 also includes receiver (Rx) circuitry 604 for receiving encoded video data 103 from encoder 102. Decoder 104 may also include a driver 662 for receiving decoded video data 105 and for using the decoded video data 105 to drive display 106 so that a user of decoder 104 can view images produced from the decoded video data. Video codec software 608 is configured such that when processing system 602 executes video codec software 608, decoder 104 performs steps described above (e.g., steps described above with reference to the flow chart shown in FIG. 4). For example, video codec software 608 may include: (1) computer instructions for receiving the encoded video data, the encoded video data comprising a motion vector and a DC change parameter associated with the motion vector; (2) computer instructions for producing a predicted block of pixel values using a block of pixel values of a previously decoded frame, the motion vector and the DC change parameter; and (3) computer instructions for using the predicted block of pixel values and prediction error information to produce a reconstructed block of pixel values.

While various embodiments of the present invention have been described above, it should be understood that they have been presented by way of example only, and not limitation. Thus, the breadth and scope of the present invention should not be limited by any of the above-described exemplary embodiments.

Additionally, while the processes described above and illustrated in the drawings are shown as a sequence of steps, this was done solely for the sake of illustration. Accordingly, it is contemplated that some steps may be added, some steps may be omitted, the order of the steps may be re-arranged, and some steps may be performed in parallel.

Claims

1-28. (canceled)

29. A method performed by a video codec, comprising:

(a) obtaining a DC change parameter;
(b) decoding encoded video data to obtain reconstructed pixel values; and
(c) applying the DC change parameter to the reconstructed pixel values as a part of a filtering process, or after a filtering process, to obtain filtered reconstructed pixel values with a DC change.

30. The method of claim 29, further comprising obtaining a DC change parameter for each of a plurality of coding parameters.

31. The method of claim 30, wherein at least one of said coding parameters is a sub-pel property of a motion vector used in inter frame prediction.

32. The method of claim 29, wherein the filtered reconstructed pixel values are an inter frame prediction.

33. The method of claim 29, wherein the filtered reconstructed pixel values are a loop filtered reconstruction.

34. The method of claim 29, wherein said applying the DC change parameter to the reconstructed pixel values as part of a filtering process comprises:

using the DC change parameter to modify the filter to obtain a modified filter; and
filtering the reconstructed pixel values using the modified filter.

35. The method of claim 29, wherein said applying the DC change parameter to the reconstructed pixel values after a filtering process comprises:

filtering the reconstructed pixel values using the filter to produce filtered reconstructed pixel values; and
modifying the filtered reconstructed pixel values by addition with the DC change parameter.

36. The method of claim 29, wherein said applying the DC change parameter to the reconstructed pixel values after a filtering process comprises:

filtering the reconstructed pixel values using the filter to produce filtered reconstructed pixel values; and
modifying the filtered reconstructed pixel values by multiplication with the DC change parameter.

37. The method of claim 29, further comprising using the filtered reconstructed pixel values to produce a motion vector and a predicted block of pixel values.

38. The method of claim 37, further comprising:

determining a prediction error block corresponding to the predicted block of pixel values;
applying a frequency selective transform on the prediction error block to obtain a block of transform coefficients; and
quantizing and entropy encoding the block of transform coefficients.

39. The method of claim 38, further comprising:

entropy encoding the DC change parameter; and
transmitting to a decoder the motion vector, the entropy encoded DC change parameter, and the quantized and entropy encoded block of transform coefficients.

40. A method of decoding encoded video data, comprising:

(a) receiving the encoded video data, the encoded video data comprising a motion vector and a DC change parameter associated with the motion vector,
(b) producing a predicted block of pixel values using a block of pixel values of a previously decoded frame, the motion vector and the DC change parameter, where the DC change parameter is aligned with motion compensation of a current block; and
(c) using the predicted block of pixel values and prediction error information to produce a reconstructed block of pixel values.

41. The method of claim 40, wherein the DC change parameter included in the encoded video data is entropy encoded and the method further comprises entropy decoding the DC change parameter prior to using the DC change parameter to produce the predicted block of pixel values.

42. A video codec, comprising:

a data processing system; and
a data storage system storing video codec software, the video codec software comprising:
computer instructions for obtaining reconstructed pixel values; and
computer instructions for applying the DC change parameter to the reconstructed pixel values as a part of a filtering process, or after a filtering process, to obtain filtered reconstructed pixel values with a DC change.

43. The video codec of claim 42, further comprising computer instructions for obtaining a set of DC change parameters, each DC change parameter included in the set being associated with a coding parameter.

44. The video codec of claim 43, wherein at least one of said coding parameters is a sub-pel property of a motion vector used in inter frame prediction.

45. The video codec of claim 42, further comprising a receiver for receiving encoded video data.

46. The video codec of claim 45, wherein the received encoded video data comprises an entropy encoded DC change parameter; and the video codec software further comprises computer instructions for entropy decoding the DC change parameter.

47. The video codec of claim 42, wherein the filtered reconstructed pixel values are an inter frame prediction.

48. The video codec of claim 42, wherein the filtered reconstructed pixel values are a loop filtered reconstruction.

49. The video codec of claim 42, wherein the computer instructions for using the reconstructed pixel values, the filter, and the DC change parameter to obtain the filtered reconstructed pixel values with the DC change comprises computer instructions for using the DC change parameter to modify the filter to obtain a modified filter and filtering the reconstructed pixel values using the modified filter.

50. The video codec of claim 42, wherein the computer instructions for using the reconstructed pixel values, the filter, and the DC change parameter to obtain the filtered reconstructed pixel values with the DC change comprises computer instructions for filtering the reconstructed pixel values using the filter to produce filtered reconstructed pixel values and modifying the filtered reconstructed pixel values by addition with the DC change parameter.

51. The video codec of claim 42, wherein the computer instructions for using the reconstructed pixel values, the filter, and the DC change parameter to obtain the filtered reconstructed pixel values with the DC change comprises computer instructions for filtering the reconstructed pixel values using the filter to produce filtered reconstructed pixel values and modifying the filtered reconstructed pixel values by multiplication with the DC change parameter.

52. The video codec of claim 42, wherein the video codec software further comprises computer instructions for using the filtered reconstructed pixel values to produce a motion vector and a predicted block of pixel values.

53. A video decoder, comprising:

a receiver for receiving encoded video data, the encoded video data comprising a DC change parameter associated with a coding parameter;
a data storage system storing video codec software; and
a data processing system operable to execute the video codec software, wherein the video codec software comprises:
computer instructions for producing a predicted block of pixel values using a block of pixel values of a previously decoded frame and the DC change parameter, wherein the DC change parameter is aligned with motion compensation of a current block; and
computer instructions for using the predicted block of pixel values and prediction error information to produce a reconstructed block of pixel values.

54. The video decoder of claim 53, wherein the DC change parameter included in the encoded video data is entropy encoded and the video codec software further comprises computer instructions for entropy decoding the DC change parameter.

55. The video decoder of claim 53, wherein the coding parameter is a sub-pel property of a motion vector used in inter frame prediction.

56. The video decoder of claim 53, wherein the received encoded video data comprises a set of DC change parameters, each DC change parameter included in the set being associated with a coding parameter.

Patent History

Publication number: 20100278269
Type: Application
Filed: Jan 8, 2009
Publication Date: Nov 4, 2010
Applicant: TELEFONAKTIEBOLAGET LM ERICSSON (PUBL) (Stockholm)
Inventors: Kenneth Andersson (Gavle), Per Frojdh (Stockholm), Clinton Priddle (Upplands Vasby), Jonatan Samuelsson (Skarpnack), Rickard Sjoberg (Stockholm)
Application Number: 12/811,971

Classifications

Current U.S. Class: Motion Vector (375/240.16); Television Or Motion Video Signal (375/240.01); 375/E07.243
International Classification: H04N 7/32 (20060101);