# IMAGING LENS AND IMAGING APPARATUS

An imaging lens consists of a negative first lens having a concave object-side surface, a positive second lens, a negative third lens, a positive fourth lens having a convex object-side surface, and a positive fifth lens, which are in this order from an object side. A stop is arranged between an image-side surface of the first lens and an object-side surface of the third lens. When the focal length of an entire system is f, and the focal length of the first lens is f1, and the focal length of the second lens is f2, the following formula is satisfied: −1.30<f1/f2−0.65 (7).

**Description**

**BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION**

1. Field of the Invention

The present invention relates to an imaging lens and an imaging apparatus. In particular, the present invention relates to an imaging lens appropriate for use in an in-vehicle camera, a camera for a mobile terminal, a surveillance camera, or the like using an imaging device, such as a CCD (Charge Coupled Device) and a CMOS (Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor). Further, the present invention relates to an imaging apparatus including the imaging lens.

2. Description of the Related Art

In recent years, the size of an imaging device, such as a CCD and a CMOS, became very small, and the resolution of the imaging device became very high. Consequently, the size of the body of imaging equipment including such an imaging device was reduced. Therefore, reduction in the size of an imaging lens mounted on the imaging equipment is also needed in addition to achievement of high optical performance. Meanwhile, lenses mounted on the in-vehicle camera, the surveillance camera and the like need to have excellent weather-resistance characteristics as well as being small-sized. Further, the lenses need to be lightweight and structurable at low cost. Further, the lenses need to have small F-numbers so that photography is possible even in low illumination conditions.

Japanese Unexamined Patent Publication No. 2008-008960 (Patent Document 1) discloses an imaging lens usable in an in-vehicle camera, a surveillance camera, and the like. The imaging lens consists of five lenses, and a most-object-side lens in the imaging lens is a negative meniscus lens having a convex object-side surface. Japanese Unexamined Patent Publication No. 11(1999)-142730 (Patent Document 2) discloses an imaging lens usable in a camera on which a small-size CCD is mounted. The imaging lens consists of five lenses including an aspherical lens.

**SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION**

Meanwhile, in recent years, a lens system is generally used together with an imaging device, such as a CCD. Therefore, it is desirable that a back focus is long so that various filters can be arranged between the lens system and the imaging device, and that the lens system has high telecentricity so that an angle of incidence of peripheral rays entering the imaging device is small. While satisfying such requirements, a lens system that realizes small size, low cost, high performance and a small F-number similar to or more than those of conventional lens systems is demanded.

In lens systems disclosed in Patent Document 1, U.S. Patent Appliccation Publication No. 20100103537 (Patent Document 3), U.S. Pat. No. 6,940,662 (Patent Document 4), Japanese Unexamined Patent Publication No. 2000-066091 (Patent Document 5), and Japanese Unexamined Patent Publication No. 10(1998)-213742 (Patent Document 6), all the lenses of each lens system are spherical lenses. Therefore, if glass is used as the material of the lenses, it is possible to produce lenses having excellent weather-resistance characteristics at low cost. However, if an aspherical surface is adopted, an improvement in the performance of the lens system would be expectable.

The lens system disclosed in Patent Document 2 has F-number of 2.8, which is large, or a small F-number. In the lens system having the small F-number, a most-object-side lens is a plastic lens. Therefore, when the lens system is used in an in-vehicle camera or a surveillance camera, a protection means, such as a cover glass, is needed, and that increases the cost of the lens system.

In view of the foregoing circumstances, it is an object of the present invention to provide an imaging lens that is small-sized and structurable at low cost, and that has high telecentricity, long back focus and a small F-number, and that can achieve high optical performance. Further, it is another object of the present invention to provide an imaging apparatus including the imaging lens.

A first imaging lens of the present invention is an imaging lens comprising:

a negative first lens having a concave object-side surface;

a positive second lens;

a negative third lens;

a positive fourth lens having a convex object-side surface; and

a positive fifth lens, which are in this order from an object side,

wherein a stop is arranged between an image-side surface of the first lens and an object-side surface of the third lens, and

wherein when the focal length of an entire system is f, and the focal length of the first lens is f1, the following formula (1) is satisfied:

<1.25<*f*1/*f<−*0.5 (1).

A second imaging lens of the present invention is an imaging lens comprising:

a negative first lens having a concave object-side surface;

a positive second lens;

a negative third lens;

a positive fourth lens having a convex object-side surface; and

a positive fifth lens, which are in this order from an object side,

wherein a stop is arranged between an image-side surface of the first lens and an object-side surface of the third lens, and

wherein when the focal length of an entire system is f, and the focal length of the second lens is f2, and the curvature radius of the object-side surface of the first lens and the curvature radius of the image-side surface of the first lens are R1 and R2, respectively, the following formulas (2) and (3) are satisfied:

0.4<*f*2/*f<*1.5 (2); and

0.05<(*R*1+*R*2)/(*R*1−*R*2)<0.95 (3).

A third imaging lens of the present invention is an imaging lens comprising:

a negative first lens having a concave object-side surface;

a positive second lens;

a negative third lens;

a positive fourth lens having a convex object-side surface; and

a positive fifth lens, which are in this order from an object side,

wherein a stop is arranged between an image-side surface of the first lens and an object-side surface of the third lens, and

wherein when the focal length of an entire system is f, and the focal length of the fifth lens is f5, the following formula (4) is satisfied:

0.99<*f*5/*f<*2.10 (4).

In the first, second and third imaging lenses of the present invention, when the focal length of the entire system is f, and a distance between the second lens and the third lens on an optical axis is D23, it is desirable that the following formula (5) is satisfied:

0.05<*D*23/*f<*0.85 (5).

In the first, second and third imaging lenses of the present invention, it is desirable that the first lens is a double concave lens.

In the first, second and third imaging lenses of the present invention, when the curvature radius of the object-side surface of the fifth lens and the curvature radius of the image-side surface of the fifth lens are R10 and R11, respectively, it is desirable that the following formula (6) is satisfied:

−1.40<(*R*10*+R*11)/(*R*10*−R*11)<−0.2 (6).

In the first, second and third imaging lenses of the present invention, when the focal length of the first lens is f1, and the focal length of the second lens is f2, it is desirable that the following formula (7) is satisfied:

−1.30<*f*1/*f*2<−0.65 (7).

In the first, second and third imaging lenses of the present invention, it is desirable that an object-side surface of the third lens has negative power at a center and weaker negative power at an axial ray diameter edge, compared with the center.

In the first, second and third imaging lenses of the present invention, it is desirable that an image-side surface of the third lens has negative power at a center and weaker negative power at an axial ray diameter edge, compared with the center, or the image-side surface of the third lens has negative power at the center and positive power at the axial ray diameter edge.

In the first, second and third imaging lenses of the present invention, it is desirable that an image-side surface of the fourth lens has positive power at a center and weaker positive power at an axial ray diameter edge, compared with the center, or the image-side surface of the fourth lens has positive power at the center and negative power at the axial ray diameter edge.

In the first, second and third imaging lenses of the present invention, it is desirable that an image-side surface of the fifth lens has positive power at a center and weaker positive power at an axial ray diameter edge, compared with the center, or the image-side surface of the fifth lens has positive power at the center and negative power at the axial ray diameter edge.

In the imaging lens of the present invention, when a lens is an aspherical lens, the concave/convex shape of a surface, and the sign of refractive power (power) will be considered in a paraxial region unless otherwise noted. In the imaging lenses of the present invention, the sign of a curvature radius is positive when the shape of a surface is convex toward the object side, and the sign of a curvature radius is negative when the shape of a surface is convex toward the image side.

Here, the phrase “axial ray diameter of a surface” means the diameter of a circle composed of outermost points (points farthest from the optical axis) in the direction of the diameter when points at which all rays contributing to image formation on an axis and a lens surface intersect with each other are considered. Further, the term “axial ray diameter edge” means the outermost points. The axial ray diameter is determined by the F-number of a lens system. For example, the axial ray diameter edge is composed of points at which rays that have passed through the periphery of the aperture of an aperture stop intersect with a lens surface.

An imaging apparatus of the present invention includes one of the first, second and third imaging lenses of the present invention.

According to the first imaging lens of the present invention, the arrangement of power in the lens system, the position of the stop, the shapes of the surfaces of the first lens and the fourth lens, and the like are appropriately set in the lens system of at least five lenses, and formula (1) is satisfied. Therefore, it is possible to realize small-size low-cost structure, high telecentricity, long back focus, a small F-number, and high optical performance.

According to the second imaging lens of the present invention, the arrangement of power in the lens system, the position of the stop, the shapes of the surfaces of the first lens and the fourth lens, and the like are appropriately set in the lens system of at least five lenses, and formulas (2) and (3) are satisfied. Therefore, it is possible to realize small-size low-cost structure, high telecentricity, long back focus, a small F-number, and high optical performance.

According to the third imaging lens of the present invention, the arrangement of power in the lens system, the position of the stop, the shapes of the surfaces of the first lens and the fourth lens, and the like are appropriately set in the lens system of at least five lenses, and formula (4) is satisfied. Therefore, it is possible to realize small-size low-cost structure, high telecentricity, long back focus, a small F-number, and high optical performance.

The imaging apparatus of the present invention includes one of the first, second and third imaging lenses of the present invention. Therefore, it is possible to structure the imaging apparatus in small size and at low cost. Further, the imaging apparatus is usable even in low illumination photography conditions. It is possible to obtain an excellent high-resolution image using an imaging device.

**BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS**

**DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS**

Hereinafter, embodiments of the present invention will be described with reference to drawings. First, an imaging lens according to an embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to **1** according to an embodiment of the present invention. Further, **2** from an object point at infinity, and off-axial rays **3**, **4** at full angle of view **2**. A structure example illustrated in

In **1** to an imaging apparatus is considered, and an imaging device **5** arranged at image plane Sim of the imaging lens **1** is also illustrated. In **5** is arranged in such a manner that the imaging plane of the imaging device **5** is located at the position of the image plane Sim. The imaging device **5** converts an optical image formed by the imaging lens **1** into electrical signals. For example, a CCD image sensor, a CMOS image sensor, or the like may be used as the imaging device **5**.

When the imaging lens **1** is applied to an imaging apparatus, it is desirable to set a cover glass or various filters, such as a low-pass filter and an infrared ray cut filter, based on the structure of a camera on which the lens is mounted. **5** (image plane Sim). Especially when the imaging lens **1** is used together with the imaging device **5**, the cover glass and various filters are arranged between the lens system and image plane Sim in many cases. Therefore, the lens system needs to have sufficiently long back focus for arranging these elements.

The imaging lens **1** includes, along optical axis Z, negative first lens L**1** having a concave object-side surface, positive second lens L**2**, negative third lens L**3**, positive fourth lens L**4** having a convex object-side surface, and positive fifth lens L**5**, which are in this order from an object side. Further, aperture stop St is arranged between an image-side surface of the first lens L**1** and an object-side surface of the third lens L**3**. These are a basic structure of the imaging lens **1**.

The negative first lens L**1** is arranged on the most object side, and the positive fourth lens L**4** and the positive fifth lens L**5** are arranged on the image side. Therefore, it is possible to provide a retrofucus type lens system, and to easily widen the angle of view of the lens system. Further, it is possible to easily provide long back focus.

As in the example illustrated in **2** and third lens L**3**, and the arrangement of power is negative, positive, aperture stop St, negative, positive, and positive in this order from the object side, it is possible to substantially equalize power on the object side of the aperture stop St and power on the image side of the aperture stop St, and to easily correct curvature of field. Since the aperture stop St is arranged substantially at a middle of the lens system, it is possible to suppress the height of rays at each lens, and to make the diameter of each lens small. That is advantageous to reduction in size and cost.

As in an example, which will be described later, when aperture stop St is arranged between first lens L**1** and second lens L**2**, and the arrangement of power is negative, aperture stop St, positive, negative, positive, and positive in this order from the object side, it is possible to suppress the height of rays especially at the first lens L**1**, and to reduce a lens diameter in a part exposed to the outside. That is advantageous to reduction in size. Further, since it is possible to move the position of an exit pupil toward the object side, it is possible to suppress an angle at which peripheral rays enter the imaging device **5**, and to suppress shading. Further, axial rays and off-axial rays are easily separatable from each other at third lens L**3**, fourth lens L**4** and fifth lens L**5**, and correction of curvature of field becomes easy.

Alternatively, aperture stop St may be arranged in such a manner that the aperture stop St, in the optical axis direction, is located between the vertex of the object-side surface of second lens L**2** and the vertex of the image-side surface of the second lens L**2**. In such a case, it is possible to suppress the height of rays at each lens, and to further reduce the size of the lens system in the diameter direction.

When the positive power arranged on the most image side is divided and allocated to two lenses of fourth lens L**4** and fifth lens L**5**, correction of a spherical aberration becomes easy. It is possible to correct aberrations in an excellent manner also in a lens system having a small F-number.

When third lens L**3** is a negative lens, and fourth lens L**4** and fifth lens L**5** are positive lenses, it is possible to reduce an angle at which peripheral rays enter an imaging device while suppressing chromatic aberrations. Therefore, it is possible to realize a lens system having high telecentricity.

When the object-side surface of first lens L**1** is a concave surface, it is possible to make the negative power of the first lens L**1** strong, and to easily obtain a wide angle of view and a long back focus. When the object-side surface of fourth lens L**4** is a convex surface, it is possible to make the positive power of the fourth lens L**4** strong, and to easily correct chromatic aberrations in an excellent manner in cooperation with third lens L**3**.

The imaging lens **1** illustrated in **1** is f1:

−1.25<*f*1/*f<−*0.5 (1).

When the value exceeds the upper limit of the formula (1), the power of the first lens L**1** becomes too strong, and correction of curvature of field becomes difficult. Further, back focus becomes too long, and it becomes difficult to reduce the size of the lens system. When the value is lower than the lower limit of the formula (1), the power of the first lens L**1** becomes too weak, and it becomes difficult to widen an angle of view and to secure sufficient back focus.

The second mode satisfies the following formulas (2) and (3) when the focal length of an entire system is f, and the focal length of the second lens L**2** is f2, and the curvature radius of the object-side surface of the first lens L**1** and the curvature radius of the image-side surface of the first lens L**1** are R1 and R2, respectively:

0.4*<f*2*/f<*1.5 (2); and

0.05<(*R*1*+R*2)/(*R*1*−R*2)<0.95 (3).

When the value exceeds the upper limit of the formula (2), the power of the second lens L**2** becomes weak, and correction of curvature of field becomes difficult. Further, when aperture stop St is arranged between the second lens L**2** and the third lens L**3**, power on the object side of the aperture stop St and power on the image side of the aperture stop St become unbalanced. Therefore, correction of a coma aberration becomes difficult. When the value is lower than the lower limit of the formula (2), the power of the second lens L**2** becomes too strong, and an allowable error with respect to eccentricity becomes small. Therefore, production becomes difficult, or a production cost increases.

The value of (R1+R2)/(R1−R2) in formula (3) is a positive value less than or equal to 1.0 when the first lens L**1** is a double concave lens in which the absolute value of the curvature radius of the object-side surface is larger than the absolute value of the curvature radius of the image-side surface, or when the first lens L**1** is a double convex lens in which the absolute value of the curvature radius of the object-side surface is larger than the absolute value of the curvature radius of the image-side surface. When the first lens L**1** is a double convex lens, the first lens L**1** is a positive lens, and that contradicts the basic structure in which the first lens L**1** is a negative lens. Therefore, the formula (3) is satisfied when the first lens L**1** is a double concave lens in which the absolute value of the curvature radius of the object-side surface is larger than the absolute value of the curvature radius of the image-side surface.

When the upper limit or the lower limit of the formula (3) is not satisfied, a spherical aberration is insufficiently or excessively corrected. Therefore, it is impossible to obtain an excellent image. When the value exceeds the upper limit of the formula (3), correction of curvature of field becomes difficult. When the value is lower than the lower limit of the formula (3), the first lens L**1** is a double concave lens in which a difference between the absolute value of the curvature radius of the object-side surface and the absolute value of the curvature radius of the image-side surface is small. Therefore, correction of a spherical aberration and a coma aberration becomes difficult.

The third mode satisfies the following formula (4) when the focal length of an entire system is f, and the focal length of the fifth lens L**5** is f5:

0.99<*f*5/*f<*2.10 (4).

When the upper limit or the lower limit of the formula (4) is not satisfied, the power of the fifth lens L**5** becomes too strong or too weak. Therefore, the power of the fourth lens L**4** and the power of the fifth lens L**5** become unbalanced, and correction of a spherical aberration becomes difficult.

It is desirable that each of the imaging lenses of the first, second and third modes has the following structure. As a desirable mode, an imaging lens may have one of the structures, or two or more arbitrary structures in combination.

When the focal length of the entire system is f, a distance in air between the second lens L**2** and the third lens L**3** on an optical axis is D23, it is desirable that the following formula (5) is satisfied:

0.05<*D*23/*f<*0.85 (5).

When the value exceeds the upper limit of the formula (5), the distance between the second lens L**2** and the third lens L**3** becomes too long, and it becomes difficult to reduce the total length of the imaging lens. Further, it becomes difficult to reduce the lens diameter of the first lens L**1**. When the value is lower than the lower limit of the formula (5), the distance between the second lens L**2** and the third lens L**3** becomes too short, and it becomes difficult to correct curvature of field and a coma aberration in an excellent manner.

When the curvature radius of the object-side surface of the fifth lens L**5** is R10 and the curvature radius of the image-side surface of the fifth lens L**5** is R11, it is desirable that the following formula (6) is satisfied:

−1.40<(*R*10*+R*11)/(*R*10*−R*11)<−0.2 (6).

When the value of (R10+R11)/(R10−R11) in the formula (6) is a negative value exceeding the upper limit of the formula (6), the fifth lens L**5** is a double convex lens in which the curvature radius of the object-side surface and the curvature radius of the image-side surface are close to each other (the curvature radius of the object-side surface is less than the curvature radius of the image-side surface), or a double concave lens in which the curvature radius of the object-side surface and the curvature radius of the image-side surface are close to each other (the curvature radius of the object-side surface is less than the curvature radius of the image-side surface). Since a double concave lens is a negative lens, the double concave lens contradicts the basic structure requirement that the fifth lens L**5** is a positive lens. Therefore, the value exceeds the upper limit of the formula (6) when the fifth lens L**5** is a double convex lens in which the absolute value of the curvature radius of the object-side surface and the absolute value of the curvature radius of the image-side surface are close to each other. However, when the fifth lens L**5** is such a double convex lens, correction of a spherical aberration becomes difficult.

The value is lower than the lower limit of the formula (6) when the fifth lens L**5** is a negative meniscus lens having a convex image-side surface or a positive meniscus lens having a convex object-side surface. Here, a case in which the fifth lens L**5** is a positive meniscus lens having a convex object-side surface will be considered based on the basic structure requirement that the fifth lens L**5** is a positive lens. When the fifth lens L**5** is a positive meniscus lens having a convex object-side surface and the value is lower than the lower limit of the formula (6), a difference between the curvature radius of the object-side surface of the fifth lens L**5** and the curvature radius of the image-side surface of the fifth lens L**5** becomes too small, and positive power of the fifth lens L**5** becomes weak. Therefore, the power of the fourth lens L**4** and the power of the fifth lens L**5** become unbalanced, and correction of a spherical aberration becomes difficult, or the absolute value of the curvature radius of the object-side surface of the fifth lens L**5** becomes too small, and correction of curvature of field and a coma aberration becomes difficult.

When the focal length of the first lens L**1** is f1, and the focal length of the second lens L**2** is f2, it is desirable that the following formula (7) is satisfied:

−1.30<*f*1/*f*2<−0.65 (7).

When the value exceeds the upper limit of the formula (7), the negative power of the first lens L**1** becomes too strong, compared with the positive power of the second lens L**2**. It is possible to easily widen an angle of view, but correction of curvature of field and a coma aberration becomes difficult. When the value is lower than the lower limit of the formula (7), the positive power of the second lens L**2** becomes too strong, compared with the negative power of the first lens L**1**. Therefore, it becomes difficult to widen an angle of view and to secure sufficient back focus.

When the focal length of the entire system is f, and the focal length of the fourth lens L**4** is f4, it is desirable that the following formula (8) is satisfied:

0.5<*f*4/*f<*2.5 (8).

When the value exceeds the upper limit of the formula (8), the power of the fourth lens L**4** becomes too weak, and it becomes difficult to correct chromatic aberrations in an excellent manner in cooperation with the third lens, or since the power of the fourth lens L**4** becomes too weak, the power of the fourth lens L**4** and the power of the fifth lens L**5** become unbalanced, and correction of a spherical aberration becomes difficult. When the value is lower than the lower limit of the formula (8), the power of the fourth lens L**4** becomes too strong. Therefore, the power of the fourth lens L**4** and the power of the fifth lens L**5** become unbalanced, and correction of a spherical aberration becomes difficult.

When the focal length of the entire system is f and a distance in air between the first lens L**1** and the second lens L**2** on an optical axis is D2, it is desirable that the following formula (9) is satisfied:

0.1<*D*2/*f<*0.6 (9).

When the value exceeds the upper limit of the formula (9), the distance between the first lens L**1** and the second lens L**2** becomes too long, and the diameter of the first lens L**1** becomes large. Therefore, it becomes difficult to reduce the size of the lens system. When the value is lower than the lower limit of the formula (9), the first lens L**1** and the second lens L**2** are too close to each other. Therefore, it becomes difficult to provide long back focus.

When the focal length of the entire system is f and a combined focal length of the third lens L**3** through the fifth lens L**5** is f345, it is desirable that the following formula (10) is satisfied:

1.2<*f*345/*f<*3.8 (10).

When the value exceeds the upper limit of the formula (10), the power of the fourth lens L**4** and the fifth lens L**5** becomes weak or the power of the third lens L**3** becomes too strong. Therefore, it becomes difficult to suppress an angle of incidence at which rays from the lens system enter the imaging device **5**, and it becomes difficult to produce a lens having high telecentricity. When the value is lower than the lower limit of the formula (10), it becomes difficult to correct curvature of field and a coma aberration in an excellent manner.

When a combined focal length of the first lens L**1** and the second lens L**2** is f12 and a combined focal length of the third lens L**3** through the fifth lens L**5** is f345, it is desirable that the following formula (11) is satisfied:

0.1<|*f*12/*f*345|<1.8 (11).

When the value exceeds the upper limit of the formula (11), the total length of the optical system becomes long, and it becomes impossible to achieve reduction in the size of the optical system. When the value is lower than the lower limit of the formula (11), correction of a coma aberration and curvature of field becomes difficult.

When a combined focal length of the first lens L**1** and the second lens L**2** is f12, it is desirable that the value of f12 is a positive value. When the value of f12 is a positive value, correction of curvature of field and a coma aberration becomes easy.

When the focal length of the entire system is f and the curvature radius of an object-side surface of the first lens L**1** is R1, it is desirable that the following formula (12) is satisfied:

−10.0<*R*1/*f<−*0.5 (12).

When the value exceeds the upper limit of the formula (12), the absolute value of the curvature radius of the object-side surface of the first lens L**1** becomes too small. It is possible to easily widen an angle of view, but it becomes difficult to suppress distortion and curvature of field. When the value is lower than the lower limit of the formula (12), the absolute value of the curvature radius of the object-side surface of the first lens L**1** becomes large, and correction of a spherical aberration becomes difficult, or it becomes difficult to reduce the size of the first lens L**1** in the direction of its diameter.

When the focal length of the entire system is f and the focal length of the third lens L**3** is f3, it is desirable that the following formula (13) is satisfied:

−1.5<*f*3/*f<−*0.2 (13).

When the value exceeds the upper limit of the formula (13), the power of the third lens L**3** becomes too strong. Therefore, it becomes difficult to suppress an angle of incidence at which rays from the lens system enter the imaging device **5**, and it becomes difficult to produce a lens having high telecentricity. When the value is lower than the lower limit of the formula (13), the power of the third lens L**3** becomes too weak, and correction of chromatic aberrations becomes difficult.

When the focal length of the entire system is f and a length from the object-side surface of the first lens L**1** to image plane Sim on an optical axis is L, it is desirable that the following formula (14) is satisfied. Here, a length in air is used for a back focus portion of L.

2.5<*L/f<*5.0 (14).

When the value exceeds the upper limit of the formula (14), the size of the lens system becomes large. When the value is lower than the lower limit of the formula (14), it is possible to easily reduce the size of the lens system. However, an angle of view is insufficiently widened, or the total length of the lens system becomes too short. It is possible to easily reduce the size of the lens system, but the thickness of each lens needs to be reduced. Therefore, production of the lens system becomes difficult, or the cost of production increases.

Here, it is desirable that the value of L is less than or equal to 22 mm. When the value of L exceeds 22 mm, the lens system becomes large, and it becomes impossible to achieve reduction in size. It is more desirable that L is less than or equal to 20 mm. Further, it is even more desirable that L is less than or equal to 19 mm.

With respect to each of the aforementioned formulas, it is desirable to satisfy a modified lower limit and a modified upper limit as will be described next. As a desirable mode, each formula composed of a modified value of the lower limit and a modified value of the upper limit, as will be described next, in combination may be satisfied.

As a modified value of the lower limit of the formula (1), −1.20 is desirable, and −1.15 is more desirable, and −1.10 is even more desirable. As a modified value of the upper limit of the formula (1), −0.55 is desirable, and −0.6 is more desirable, and −0.8 is even more desirable.

For example, it is desirable that the following formula (1-2) is satisfied instead of the formula (1), and it is more desirable that the following formula (1-3) is satisfied:

−1.15*<f*1/*f<−*0.55 (1-2); and

−1.10*<f*1/*f<−*0.60 (1-3).

As a modified value of the lower limit of the formula (2), 0.6 is desirable, and 0.7 is more desirable, and 0.8 is even more desirable. As a modified value of the upper limit of the formula (2), 1.3 is desirable, and 1.2 is more desirable.

As a modified value of the lower limit of the formula (3), 0.2 is desirable, and 0.4 is more desirable, and 0.6 is even more desirable. As a modified value of the upper limit of the formula (3), 0.90 is desirable, and 0.86 is more desirable, and 0.79 is even more desirable.

As a modified value of the lower limit of the formula (4), 1.00 is desirable, and 1.20 is more desirable, and 1.30 is even more desirable. As a modified value of the upper limit of the formula (4), 2.05 is desirable, and 1.98 is more desirable.

As a modified value of the lower limit of the formula (5), 0.20 is desirable, and 0.25 is more desirable, and 0.27 is even more desirable. Further, 0.30 is still even more desirable. As a modified value of the upper limit of the formula (5), 0.62 is desirable, and 0.61 is more desirable, and 0.60 is even more desirable.

As a modified value of the lower limit of the formula (6), −1.30 is desirable, and −1.20 is more desirable. As a modified value of the upper limit of the formula (6), −0.3 is desirable, and −0.4 is more desirable.

As a modified value of the lower limit of the formula (7), −1.25 is desirable, and −1.20 is more desirable, and −1.15 is even more desirable. As a modified value of the upper limit of the formula (7), −0.75 is desirable, and −0.85 is more desirable, and −0.90 is even more desirable.

As a modified value of the lower limit of the formula (8), 0.7 is desirable, and 0.8 is more desirable, and 0.9 is even more desirable. As a modified value of the upper limit of the formula (8), 1.5 is desirable, and 1.25 is more desirable, and 1.20 is even more desirable.

As a modified value of the lower limit of the formula (9), 0.2 is desirable. As a modified value of the upper limit of the formula (9), 0.51 is desirable.

As a modified value of the lower limit of the formula (10), 1.3 is desirable, and 1.4 is more desirable. As a modified value of the upper limit of the formula (10), 2.5 is desirable, and 2.4 is more desirable, and 2.3 is even more desirable. Further, 2.25 is still even more desirable.

As a modified value of the lower limit of the formula (11), 0.1 is desirable, and 0.2 is more desirable, and 0.3 is even more desirable. As a modified value of the upper limit of the formula (11), 1.5 is desirable, and 1.3 is more desirable, and 1.2 is even more desirable.

As a modified value of the lower limit of the formula (12), −6.0 is desirable, and −5.5 is more desirable, and −5.2 is even more desirable. As a modified value of the upper limit of the formula (12), −1.0 is desirable, and −1.5 is more desirable, and −1.7 is even more desirable.

As a modified value of the lower limit of the formula (13), −1.2 is desirable, and −1.1 is more desirable, and −1.0 is even more desirable. Further, −0.9 is still even more desirable. As a modified value of the upper limit of the formula (13), −0.3 is desirable, and −0.4 is more desirable, and −0.45 is even more desirable.

As a modified value of the lower limit of the formula (14), 2.8 is desirable, and 3.0 is more desirable, and 3.4 is even more desirable. As a modified value of the upper limit of the formula (14), 4.8 is desirable, and 4.6 is more desirable, and 4.5 is even more desirable.

When the Abbe number of the material of the first lens L**1** for d-line is νd1, it is desirable that νd1 is greater than or equal to 40. In such a case, it is possible to correct a longitudinal chromatic aberration in an excellent manner. It is more desirable that νd1 is greater than or equal to 45 to correct the longitudinal chromatic aberration in a more excellent manner. Further, it is even more desirable that νd1 is greater than or equal to 55, and it is still even more desirable that νd1 is greater than or equal to 60.

When the Abbe number of the material of the second lens L**2** for d-line is νd2, it is desirable that νd2 is greater than or equal to 35. In such a case, it is possible to correct a longitudinal chromatic aberration in an excellent manner. It is more desirable that νd2 is greater than or equal to 40 to correct the longitudinal chromatic aberration in a more excellent manner. Further, it is even more desirable that νd2 is greater than or equal to 45.

When the Abbe number of the material of the third lens L**3** for d-line is νd3, it is desirable that νd3 is less than 35. In such a case, it is possible to correct a longitudinal chromatic aberration and a lateral chromatic aberration in an excellent manner. It is more desirable that νd3 is less than 30 to correct the longitudinal chromatic aberration and the lateral chromatic aberration in a more excellent manner. Further, it is even more desirable that νd3 is less than 27, and it is still even more desirable that νd3 is less than 26. Meanwhile, it is desirable that νd3 is greater than 15 to reduce the cost, and it is more desirable that νd3 is greater than 20.

When the Abbe number of the material of the fourth lens L**4** for d-line is νd4, it is desirable that νd4 is greater than or equal to 40. In such a case, it is possible to correct a longitudinal chromatic aberration in an excellent manner. It is more desirable that νd4 is greater than or equal to 45 to correct the longitudinal chromatic aberration in a more excellent manner. Further, it is even more desirable that νd4 is greater than or equal to 52.

When the Abbe number of the material of the fifth lens L**5** for d-line is νd5, it is desirable that νd5 is greater than or equal to 40. In such a case, it is possible to correct a longitudinal chromatic aberration in an excellent manner. It is more desirable that νd5 is greater than or equal to 45 to correct the longitudinal chromatic aberration in a more excellent manner. Further, it is even more desirable that νd5 is greater than or equal to 52.

When the refractive index of a material constituting the first lens L**1** for d-line is Nd1, it is desirable that Nd1 is less than or equal to 1.80. When Nd1 is less than or equal to 1.80, it is possible to suppress the cost of the material constituting the first lens L**1**, and it becomes possible to select a material having a large Abbe number. It becomes possible to suppress generation of chromatic aberrations, and to produce a lens having high resolution performance while the lens has a wide angle of view. It is more desirable that Nd1 is less than or equal to 1.65, and it is even more desirable that Nd1 is less than or equal to 1.60. Further, it is desirable that Nd1 is greater than or equal to 1.46. When Nd1 is less than 1.46, it is possible to select a material having a large Abbe number, and to suppress generation of chromatic aberrations. However, the material has low abrasion resistance, and the material is soft material. Therefore, for example, when the lens is used as a lens for an in-vehicle camera or a lens for a surveillance camera, the weather resistance characteristic of the material is insufficient. It is more desirable that Nd1 is greater than or equal to 1.50.

When the refractive index of a material constituting the second lens L**2** for d-line is Nd2, it is desirable that Nd2 is greater than or equal to 1.72. In such a case, it is possible to easily increase the power of the second lens L**2**, and correction of curvature of field becomes easy. It is more desirable that Nd2 is greater than or equal to 1.75, and it is even more desirable that Nd2 is greater than or equal to 1.80.

When the refractive index of the material of the third lens L**3** for d-line is Nd3, it is desirable that Nd3 is less than 1.75. In such a case, it is possible to produce the third lens L**3** at low cost, and to reduce the cost of the entire lens system. It is more desirable that Nd3 is less than 1.70 to produce the lens at lower cost. It is even more desirable that Nd3 is less than 1.68, and it is still even more desirable that Nd3 is less than 1.66. Meanwhile, the negative third lens **13** has a function of increasing the telecentricity while suppressing chromatic aberrations in cooperation with the positive fourth lens L**4** and the positive fifth lens L**5**. Therefore, it is desirable that Nd3 is greater than 1.55 to maintain the power balance of the third lens L**3** with the fourth lens L**4** and the fifth lens L**5** in an excellent manner. It is more desirable that Nd3 is greater than 1.59.

When the refractive index of the material of the fourth lens L**4** for d-line is Nd4, it is desirable that Nd4 is less than or equal to 1.68. When Nd4 is greater than 1.68, the power of the fourth lens L**4** becomes strong, and the power of the fourth lens L**4** and the power of the fifth lens L**5** become unbalanced, and correction of a spherical aberration becomes difficult, or if plastic is used as the material of the third lens L**3**, the fourth lens L**4** and the fifth lens L**5**, the negative power of the third lens L**3** and the positive power of the fourth lens L**4** and the fifth lens L**5** become unbalanced, and a movement amount of a focus becomes large when temperature changes. Further, since it is difficult to select a material having a large Abbe number from currently usable optical materials, correction of chromatic aberrations becomes difficult.

When the refractive index of the material of the fifth lens L**5** for d-line is Nd5, it is desirable that Nd5 is less than or equal to 1.68. When Nd5 is greater than 1.68, the power of the fifth lens L**5** becomes strong, and the power of the fourth lens L**4** and the power of the fifth lens L**5** become unbalanced, and correction of a spherical aberration becomes difficult, or if plastic is used as the material of the third lens L**3**, the fourth lens L**4** and the fifth lens L**5**, the negative power of the third lens L**3** and the positive power of the fourth lens L**4** and the fifth lens L**5** become unbalanced, and a movement amount of a focus becomes large when temperature changes. Further, since it is difficult to select a material having a large Abbe number from currently usable optical materials, correction of chromatic aberrations becomes difficult.

It is desirable that the first lens L**1** is a double concave lens. In such a case, it is possible to increase the negative power of the first lens L**1**, and that is advantageous to widening an angle of view. Further, it is possible to easily provide long back focus.

It is desirable that the second lens L**2** is a double convex lens. In such a case, it is possible to increase the power of the second lens L**2**. Even when the power of the first lens L**1** is increased to widen an angle of view, it is possible to easily increase the power of the second lens L**2**. Since aberrations generated in the positive second lens L**2** can cancel out aberrations that have been generated in the negative first lens L**1**, correction of a spherical aberration, a coma aberration and curvature of field becomes easy.

It is desirable that the third lens L**3** is a double concave lens. In such a case, it is possible to increase the power of the third lens L**3**, and correction of a longitudinal chromatic aberration and a lateral chromatic aberration becomes easy.

It is desirable that the fourth lens L**4** is a double convex lens. In such a case, it is possible to increase the power of the fourth lens L**4**, and it is possible to correct chromatic aberrations in an excellent manner in cooperation with the third lens L**3**.

It is desirable that the fifth lens L**5** is a lens having a convex object-side surface. In such a case, correction of curvature of field becomes easy. When the fifth lens L**5** is a double convex lens, correction of curvature of field is easy. When the fifth lens L**5** is a meniscus lens having a convex object-side surface, correction of a spherical aberration becomes easy.

Here, the desirable shape of the surfaces of the first lens L**1** through the fifth lens L**5**, as described above, is considered in a paraxial region when each lens is an aspherical lens.

It is desirable that at least one of the object-side surface and the image-side surface of the third lens L**3** is an aspherical surface. In such a case, a longitudinal chromatic aberration and a lateral chromatic aberration are easily corrected in an excellent manner together with correction of a spherical aberration and curvature of field.

Here, when a surface is an aspherical surface, the center of each lens surface, i.e., a point of intersection of the surface and optical axis Z is Ci (i corresponds to a surface number which will be described later in the section of examples). Further, when a point on the lens surface is Xi, and a point of intersection of a normal to the lens surface at point Xi and optical axis Z is Pi, power at the point Xi is defined based on whether the point Pi is located on the object side of the point Ci or on the image side of the point Ci. When the aspherical surface is an object-side surface, if the point Pi is located on the image side of the point Ci, power at point Xi is defined as positive power. If the point Pi is located on the object side of the point Ci, power at point Xi is defined as negative power. In contrast, when the aspherical surface is an image-side surface, if the point Pi is located on the object side of the point Ci, power at point Xi is defined as positive power. If the point Pi is located on the image side of the point Ci, power at point Xi is defined as negative power.

Further, in an aspherical surface, a segment connecting point Xi and point Pi is defined as curvature radius Rxi at the point Xi. When the absolute value of RXi is |RXi|=|Xi−Pi|, and the absolute value of a curvature radius at point Ci is |Ri|, if the sign of power at the point Xi and the sign of power at the center are the same, a shape in which power at the point Xi is weaker than power at the center is a shape in which |RXi| is greater than |Ri|. A shape in which power at the point Xi is stronger than power at the center is a shape in which |RXi| is less than |Ri|.

The general explanation about the aspherical surface is applicable also to an arbitrary aspherical lens surface of an imaging lens of the present invention. In the explanation, the signs Ci, Xi, Pi, RXi, and Ri were used for the convenience of explanation, and are not limited. The point Xi in the above explanation may be an arbitrary point on a lens surface. For example, the point Xi may be regarded as a point at an axial ray diameter edge or a point at an effective diameter edge.

It is desirable that the object-side surface of the third lens L**3** is an aspherical surface. In such a case, correction of a spherical aberration and curvature of field becomes easy. It is desirable that the object-side surface of the third lens L**3** has a shape having negative power at the center and weaker negative power at an axial ray diameter edge, compared with the center. When the object-side surface of the third lens L**3** is such a shape, correction of a spherical aberration and curvature of field becomes easy.

Here, with reference to **3** will be described. **3** and axial rays **2**. In **2** in an imaging lens **1** when first lens L**1** through fifth lens L**5** are present in the imaging lens **1**.

In **3**F is a center of the object-side surface of the third lens L**3**. The point C**3**F is a point of intersection of the object-side surface of the third lens L**3** and optical axis Z. In **3**F is a point at an axial ray diameter edge on the object-side surface of the third lens L**3**. The point XA**3**F is a point of intersection of an outermost ray of the axial rays **2** and the object-side surface of the third lens L**3**. Here, a point of intersection of a normal to the lens surface at the point XA**3**F and optical axis Z is point PXA**3**F, as illustrated in

At this time, a segment connecting the point XA**3**F and the point PXA**3**F is defined as curvature radius RXA**3**F at the point XA**3**F, and the length of the segment is defined as the absolute value |RXA**3**F| of the curvature radius RXA**3**F. Further, a curvature radius at point C**3**F, in other words, a curvature radius at the center of the object-side surface of the third lens L**3** is defined as L**3**F, and the absolute value of the curvature radius is defined as |L**3**F|. In other words, when the center of curvature in a paraxial region of the object-side surface of the third lens L**3** is point O**3**F, the length of a segment connection the point C**3**F and the point O**3**F is |L**3**F|.

The expression that the object-side surface of the third lens L**3** “has negative power at the center” means that the shape of a paraxial region including the point C**3**F is concave. Further, the expression that the object-side surface of the third lens L**3** has “a shape having weaker negative power at an axial ray diameter edge, compared with the center” means a shape in which the point PXA**3**F is located on the object side of the point C**3**F, and the value of |RXA**3**F| is larger than the value of |L**3**F|.

In **3**F is drawn by a double dot dashed line, and circle CX**3**F is drawn by a broken line to help understanding of the drawing. The circle CC**3**F has a radius of |L**3**F|, and passes point C**3**F, and the center of the circle CC**3**F is point O**3**F on the optical axis. The circle CX**3**F has a radius of |RXA**3**F|, and passes point XA**3**F, and the center of the circle CX**3**F is point PXA**3**F on the optical axis. The circle CX**3**F is larger than the circle CC**3**F, and |RXA**3**F|>|L**3**F| is clearly illustrated.

it is desirable that the object-side surface of the third lens L**3** has a shape having negative power at the center and weaker negative power at an effective diameter edge, compared with the center. When the object-side surface of the third lens L**3** is such a shape, correction of a spherical aberration and curvature of field becomes easy.

Here, the phrase “effective diameter of a surface” means the diameter of a circle composed of outermost points (points farthest from the optical axis) in the direction of the diameter when points at which all rays contributing to image formation and a lens surface intersect with each other are considered. Further, the term “effective diameter edge” means the outermost points. When a system is rotationally symmetric with respect to an optical axis, a figure composed of the outermost points is a circle. However, when a system is not rotationally symmetric, a figure composed of the outermost points is not a circle in some cases. In such a case, an equivalent circle may be considered, and the diameter of the equivalent circle may be regarded as an effective diameter. For example, the effective diameter may be determined based on the size of an imaging plane of an imaging device when a lens system is used in combination with the imaging device. When the imaging plane is a rectangle, for example, ½ of the diagonal length of the rectangle may be determined as the maximum image height, and the effective diameter may be calculated.

It is desirable that the image-side surface of the third lens L**3** is an aspherical surface. In such a case, correction of a spherical aberration and curvature of field is easy. It is desirable that the image-side surface of the third lens L**3** has a shape having negative power at the center and weaker negative power at an axial ray diameter edge, compared with the center, or a shape having negative power at the center and positive power at an axial ray diameter edge. When the image-side surface of the third lens L**3** is such a shape, correction of a spherical aberration and curvature of field becomes easy.

Further, it is desirable that the image-side surface of the third lens L**3** has a shape having negative power at the center and weaker negative power at an effective diameter edge, compared with the center, or a shape having negative power at the center and positive power at the effective diameter edge. When the image-side surface of the third lens L**3** is such a shape, correction of a spherical aberration and curvature of field is easy.

It is desirable that at least one of the object-side surface of fourth lens L**4** and the image-side surface of the fourth lens L**4** is an aspherical surface. In such a case, it is possible to easily correct a longitudinal chromatic aberration and a lateral chromatic aberration in an excellent manner together with correction of a spherical aberration and curvature of field.

It is desirable that the object-side surface of the fourth lens L**4** is an aspherical surface. In such a case, correction of a spherical aberration becomes easy. It is desirable that the object-side surface of the fourth lens L**4** has a shape having positive power at the center and weaker positive power at an axial ray diameter edge, compared with the center. When the object-side surface of the fourth lens L**4** has such a shape, correction of a spherical aberration and curvature of field becomes easy.

It is desirable that the object-side surface of the fourth lens L**4** has a shape having positive power at the center and weaker positive power at an effective diameter edge, compared with the center. When the object-side surface of the fourth lens L**4** is such a shape, correction of a spherical aberration and curvature of field is easy.

It is desirable that the image-side surface of the fourth lens L**4** is an aspherical surface. In such a case, correction of a spherical aberration becomes easy. It is desirable that the image-side surface of the fourth lens L**4** has a shape having positive power at the center and weaker positive power at an axial ray diameter edge, compared with the center, or a shape having positive power at the center and negative power at the axial ray diameter edge. When the image-side surface of the fourth lens L**4** has such a shape, correction of a spherical aberration and curvature of field becomes easy.

It is desirable that the image-side surface of the fourth lens L**4** has a shape having positive power at the center and weaker positive power at an effective diameter edge, compared with the center, or a shape having positive power at the center and negative power at the effective diameter edge. When the image-side surface of the fourth lens L**4** has such a shape, correction of a spherical aberration and curvature of field becomes easy.

It is desirable that at least one of the object-side surface of fifth lens L**5** and the image-side surface of the fifth lens L**5** is an aspherical surface. In such a case, it is possible to easily correct a spherical aberration, a coma aberration and curvature of field in an excellent manner. Further, it is possible to increase the telecentricity.

It is desirable that the object-side surface of the fifth lens L**5** is an aspherical surface. In such a case, correction of a coma aberration and curvature of field becomes easy. It is desirable that the object-side surface of the fifth lens L**5** has a shape having positive power at the center and stronger positive power at an axial ray diameter edge, compared with the center. When the object-side surface of the fifth lens L**5** has such a shape, correction of a coma aberration and curvature of field becomes easy. Further, it is possible to increase the telecentricity.

It is desirable that the object-side surface of the fifth lens L**5** has a shape having positive power at the center and stronger positive power at an effective diameter edge, compared with the center. When the object-side surface of the fifth lens L**5** is such a shape, correction of a coma aberration and curvature of field is easy. Further, it is possible to increase the telecentricity.

It is desirable that the image-side surface of the fifth lens L**5** is an aspherical surface. In such a case, correction of a spherical aberration becomes easy. It is desirable that the image-side surface of the fifth lens L**5** has a shape having positive power at the center and weaker positive power at an axial ray diameter edge, compared with the center, or a shape having positive power at the center and negative power at the axial ray diameter edge. When the image-side surface of the fifth lens L**5** has such a shape, correction of a spherical aberration and curvature of field becomes easy.

It is desirable that the image-side surface of the fifth lens L**5** has a shape having positive power at the center and weaker positive power at an effective diameter edge, compared with the center, or a shape having positive power at the center and negative power at the effective diameter edge. When the image-side surface of the fifth lens L**5** has such a shape, correction of a spherical aberration and curvature of field becomes easy.

When the focal length of the entire system is f, and the maximum half angle of view is ω, it is desirable that distortion is less than or equal to ±10% in a system in which an ideal image height is represented by f×tan (ω). In such a case, it is possible to obtain an image with little distortion. In the system in which the ideal image height is represented by f×tan (ω), it is more desirable that distortion is less than or equal to ±5%. In such a case, it is possible to further suppress distortion of an image.

It is desirable that none of the lenses constituting the lens system is a cemented lens. For example, when the lens system is used as an in-vehicle lens, the lens system needs to have high heat-resistant characteristics and high environment-resistant characteristics. If a cemented lens is used, a special adhesive needs to be used to improve the heat-resistant characteristics and the environment-resistant characteristics. Further, a process for improving the environment-resistant characteristics is necessary. Therefore, a cost becomes high. Hence, it is desirable that all of the first lens L**1** through the fifth lens L**5** are single lenses.

When an imaging lens is used in tough environment conditions, for example, such as use in an in-vehicle camera or a surveillance camera, the first lens L**1**, which is arranged on the most object side, needs to use a material resistant to a deterioration of a surface by wind and rain and a change in temperature by direct sun light, and resistant to chemicals, such as oils and fats and detergents. In other words, the material needs to be highly water-resistant, weather-resistant, acid-resistant, chemical-resistant, and the like. Further, in some cases, the material needs to be hard and not easily breakable. If the material of the first lens L**1** is glass, it is possible to satisfy such needs. Alternatively, transparent ceramic may be used as the material of the first lens L**1**. It is desirable that the first lens L**1** is a glass spherical lens under the above circumstances and also to lower cost. However, when high optical performance is important, a glass aspherical surface may be used as the first lens L**1**.

Further, a protection means may be applied to the object-side surface of the first lens L**1** to increase the strength, scratch resistance, and chemical resistance of the surface. In that case, the material of the first lens L**1** may be plastic. The protection means may be a hard coating or a water-repellent coating.

It is desirable that the material of the second lens L**2** is glass. When the second lens L**2** is a glass lens, the refractive index of the second lens L**2** is selectable from a wider range of values, and it becomes possible to increase the refractive index of the second lens L**2**. When the refractive index of the second lens L**2** is increased, it is possible to easily increase the power of the second lens L**2**, and correction of curvature of field becomes easy.

Here, the material of the second lens L**2** may be plastic. When the second lens L**2** is a plastic lens, it is possible to produce the lens system at low cost. Further, when an aspherical surface is adopted in the second lens L**2**, accurate regeneration of the aspherical surface becomes easy. Hence, it is possible to produce high performance lens.

It is desirable that the material of the third lens L**3** is plastic. In such a case, it is possible to easily produce a surface having an accurate aspherical shape, and to easily secure high optical performance. Further, that is advantageous to reduction in cost and weight of the lens.

It is desirable that the material of the fourth lens L**4** is plastic. In such a case, it is possible to easily produce a surface having an accurate aspherical shape, and to easily secure high optical performance. Further, that is advantageous to reduction in cost and weight of the lens.

It is desirable that the material of the fifth lens L**5** is plastic. In such a case, it is possible to easily produce a surface having an accurate aspherical shape, and to easily secure high optical performance. Further, that is advantageous to reduction in cost and weight of the lens.

A plastic lens has a drawback that a movement amount of a focal position is large when temperature changes. If the third lens L**3**, the fourth lens L**4** and the fifth lens L**5** are plastic lenses, the movement amount of a focal position by positive lenses and the movement amount of a focal position by a negative lens are cancelled out by each other when temperature changes. Therefore, it is possible to suppress deterioration of performance due to a change in temperature.

When an imaging lens is used in an in-vehicle camera, it is desirable that the imaging lens is usable in a wide temperature range including an outdoor temperature in a cold district through a temperature in a car in summer in the tropical zone. For example, when the imaging lens is used in such tough conditions, the material of all of the lenses may be glass. When the third lens L**3**, the fourth lens L**4** and the fifth lens L**5** are glass lenses, a lens system having high heat-resistant characteristics is achievable.

Further, various kinds of filters that cut, pass or reflect light in a specific wavelength band, such as a UV (Ultra Violet) cut filter and an IR (InfraRed) cut filter, may be inserted between the lens system and the imaging device **5** based on the purpose of the imaging lens **1**. Alternatively, a coating having a function similar to such a filter may be applied to a lens surface, or a material that absorbs ultraviolet light, blue light, infrared light or the like may be used as the material of one of the lenses.

It is desirable that the lens system consists of only five lenses of the first lens L**1**, the second lens L**2**, the third lens L**3**, the fourth lens L**4** and the fifth lens L**5**. In such a case, it is possible to produce the lens system at low cost while high optical performance is maintained.

**5**. Alternatively, the various filters may be arranged between the lenses.

Here, rays of light passing the outside of the effective diameter between lenses may become stray light, and reach the image plane. Further, the stray light may become ghost. Therefore, it is desirable that a light shield means for blocking the stray light is provided, if necessary. The light shield means may be provided, for example, by applying an opaque paint to a portion of a lens in the outside of the effective diameter, or by providing there an opaque plate member. Alternatively, an opaque plate member, as a light shield means, may be provided in the optical path of rays that will become stray light. Alternatively, a hood-like member for blocking stray light may be provided further on the object-side of the most-object-side lens. **11** is provided in the outside of the effective diameter on the image-side surface of the first lens L**1**. The position at which the light shield means is provided is not limited to the example illustrated in **4** and the fifth lens L**5**. In such a case, it is possible to prevent ghost.

Further, a member, such as a stop, may be arranged between lenses to block peripheral rays in such a manner that relative illumination is within a practically acceptable range. The peripheral rays are rays from an object point that is not on optical axis Z, and pass the peripheral portion of the entrance pupil of an optical system. When a member that blocks the peripheral rays is provided in such a manner, it is possible to improve the image quality in the peripheral portion of the image formation area. Further, the member can reduce ghost by blocking stray light that generates the ghost. As an example, **12** for blocking peripheral rays and stray light on the object-side surface of the fifth lens L**5**. Here, the light shield means **12** functions as a vignetting stop that vignettes (VIGNETTING: vignetting).

It is not always necessary that the imaging lens of the present invention has the light shield member for blocking peripheral rays, as described above. For example, as illustrated in the structural diagram of the imaging lens **10** in **10** illustrated in

Next, numerical value examples of imaging lenses of the present invention will be described. Lens cross sections of imaging lenses of Example 1 through Example 23 are illustrated in

Table 1 through Table 23 show lens data about the imaging lenses of Example 1 through Example 23, respectively. In each table, (A) shows basic lens data, and (B) shows various kinds of data, and (C) shows aspherical surface data.

In the basic lens data, column Si shows the surface number of the i-th surface (i=1, 2, 3, . . . ). The most object-side surface of composition elements is the first surface, and surface numbers sequentially increase toward the image side. Column Ri shows the curvature radius of the i-th surface, and column Di shows a distance between the i-th surface and the (i+1)th surface on optical axis Z. Here, the sign of a curvature radius is positive when the shape of a surface is convex toward the object side, and the sign of a curvature radius is negative when the shape of a surface is convex toward the image side. Further, column Ndj shows the refractive index of the j-th optical member (j=1, 2, 3, . . . ) for d-line (wavelength is 587.6 nm). The most-object side lens is the first optical member, and the number j sequentially increases toward the image side. The column νdj shows the Abbe number of the j-th optical element for d-line. Here, the basic lens data include aperture stop St and optical member PP. In the column of the curvature radius, the term (APERTURE STOP) is also written for a surface corresponding to aperture stop St.

In various kinds of data, L (in Air) is a length (a back focus portion is a length in air) on optical axis Z from the object-side surface of the first lens L**1** to image plane Sim, and Bf (in Air) is a length (corresponding to back focus, length in air) on optical axis Z from the image-side surface of the most-image-side lens to image plane Sim, and f is the focal length of the entire system, and f1 is the focal length of the first lens L**1**, and f2 is the focal length of the second lens L**2**, and f3 is the focal length of the third lens L**3**, and f4 is the focal length of the fourth lens L**4**, and f5 is the focal length of the fifth lens L**5**, and f12 is the combined focal length of the first lens L**1** and the second lens L**2**, and f345 is the combined focal length of the third lens L**3** through the fifth lens L**5**.

Here, the imaging lenses of Examples 1, 3, 6, 7 and 23 are designed by assuming that a vignetting stop, which is a light shield means for blocking peripheral rays and stray light, is provided. The surface number of a surface on which the vignetting stop is provided and the radius of the vignetting stop are represented as a vignetting surface number and a vignetting aperture diameter, respectively.

In the basic lens data, mark “*” is attached to the surface number of an aspherical surface. The basic lens data show, as the curvature radius of the aspherical surface, the numerical value of a paraxial curvature radius (a curvature radius at the center). The aspherical surface data show the surface numbers of aspherical surfaces and aspherical surface coefficients related to the respective aspherical surfaces. In the aspherical surface data, “E−n” (n: integer) means “×10^{−n}”, and “E+n” means “×10^{n}”. Further, the aspherical surface coefficients are coefficients KA, RBm (m=3, 4, 5, . . . 10) in the following aspherical equation:

where

Zd: depth of an aspherical surface (the length of a perpendicular from a point on the aspherical surface at height Y to a flat plane that contacts with the vertex of the aspherical surface and is perpendicular to the optical axis),

Y: height (the length from the optical axis to the lens surface),

C: paraxial curvature, and

KA, RBm: aspherical surface coefficients (m=3, 4, 5, . . . 10)

In the tables in the specification of the present application, values are rounded to predetermined digits. As the unit of each numerical value, “ram” is used for length. However, the unit is only an example. Since an optical system can be used by proportionally enlarging or reducing the optical system, other appropriate units may be used.

^{ }2.9478181E−G3

In all of the imaging lenses of Examples 1 through 23, the first lens L**1** and the second lens L**2** are spherical lenses of glass, and the third lens L**3**, the fourth lens L**4** and the fifth lens L**5** are aspherical lenses of plastic.

Table 24 shows values in the imaging lenses of Examples 1 through 23 corresponding to formulas (1) through (14). In Examples 1 through 23, d-line is a reference wavelength, and Table 24 shows each value at the reference wavelength.

__(R1 + R2)__

__(R10 + R11)__

Here, the aberration diagrams of Example 1 will be explained as an example, but the aberration diagrams of the other examples are similar to those of Example 1.

As these data show, the imaging lenses of Examples 1 through 23 are small-sized and structured at low cost. Further, the F-number is in the range of 1.60 to 2.00, which is small, and the full angle of view is 45.0° through 65.4°. Further, the imaging lens has a sufficiently long back focus. The imaging lens has high optical performance in which various aberrations are corrected in an excellent manner. These imaging lenses are appropriate for use in a surveillance camera, an in-vehicle camera for imaging an image on the front side, the lateral sides, the rear side or the like of a car, or the like.

**100**. In **100** includes an exterior camera **101** for imaging a driver's blind spot on a side of a seat next to the driver, an exterior camera **102** for imaging a driver's blind spot on a rear side of the car **100**, and an interior camera **103** for imaging the same range as the driver's visual field. The interior camera **103** is attached to the back side of a rearview mirror. The exterior camera **101**, the exterior camera **102**, and the interior camera **103** are imaging apparatuses according to an embodiment of the present invention, and they include an imaging lens according to an embodiment of the present invention and an imaging device for converting an optical image formed by the imaging lens into electrical signals.

The imaging lenses according to the embodiments of the present invention have the aforementioned advantages. Therefore, the exterior cameras **101** and **102**, and the interior camera **103** can be structured in small size and at low cost, and used even in low illumination photography conditions. Further, high-resolution excellent images are obtainable by using an imaging device.

So far, the present invention has been described by using embodiments and examples. However, the present invention is not limited to the aforementioned embodiments nor examples, and various modifications are possible. For example, values of a curvature radius, a distance between surfaces, a refractive index, an Abbe number, and aspherical surface coefficients of each lens element are not limited to the values in the aforementioned examples of numerical values, but may be other values.

In the embodiment of the imaging apparatus, a case in which the present invention is applied to an in-vehicle camera was described. However, the use of the present invention is not limited to this purpose. For example, the present invention may be applied to a camera for a mobile terminal, a surveillance camera, and the like.

## Claims

1. An imaging lens consisting of:

- a negative first lens having a concave object-side surface;

- a positive second lens;

- a negative third lens;

- a positive fourth lens having a convex object-side surface; and

- a positive fifth lens, which are in this order from an object side,

- wherein when the focal length of an entire system is f, and the focal length of the first lens is f1, and the focal length of the second lens is f2, and the combined focal length of the first lens and the second lens is f12, and the combined focal length of the third lens, the fourth lens and the fifth lens is f345, the following formulas (1), (7) and (11′) are satisfied: −1.25<f1/f<−0.5 (1); −1.30<f1/f2<−0.65 (7); and 0.1<|f12/f345|<1.3 (11′).

2. An imaging lens consisting of:

- a negative first lens having a concave object-side surface;

- a positive second lens;

- a negative third lens;

- a positive fourth lens having a convex object-side surface; and

- a positive fifth lens, which are in this order from an object side,

- wherein when the focal length of an entire system is f, and the focal length of the second lens is f2, and the curvature radius of the object-side surface of the first lens and the curvature radius of the image-side surface of the first lens are R1 and R2, respectively, and the focal length of the first lens is f1, and the combined focal length of the first lens and the second lens is f12, and the combined focal length of the third lens, the fourth lens and the fifth lens is f345, the following formulas (2), (3), (7) and (11′) are satisfied: 0.4<f2/f<1.5 (2); and 0.05<(R1+R2)/(R1−R2)<0.95 (3); −1.30<f1/f2<−0.65 (7); 0.1<|f12/f345|<1.3 (11′).

3. An imaging lens consisting of:

- a negative first lens having a concave object-side surface;

- a positive second lens;

- a negative third lens;

- a positive fourth lens having a convex object-side surface; and

- a positive fifth lens, which are in this order from an object side,

- wherein when the focal length of an entire system is f, and the focal length of the fifth lens is f5, and the focal length of the first lens f1, and the focal length of the second lens is f2, and the combined focal length of the first lens and the second lens is f12, and the combined focal length of the third lens, the fourth lens and the fifth lens is f345, the following formulas (4), (7) and (11′) are satisfied: 0.99<f5/f<2.10 (4): −1.30<f1/f2<−0.65 (7); 0.1<|f12/f345|<1.3 (11′).

4. An imaging lens, as defined in claim 1, wherein when the focal length of the entire system is f, a distance between the second lens and the third lens on an optical axis is D23, the following formula (5) is satisfied:

- 0.05<D23/f<0.85 (5).

5. an imaging lens, as defined in claim 1, wherein the first lens is a double concave lens.

6. An imaging lens, as defined in claim 1, wherein when the curvature radius of the object-side surface of the fifth lens and the curvature radius of the image-side surface of the fifth lens are R10 and R11, respectively, the following formula (6) is satisfied:

- −1.40<(R10+R11)/(R10−R11)<−0.2 (6).

7. An imaging lens, as defined in claim 1, wherein an object-side surface of the third lens has negative power at a center and weaker negative power at an axial ray diameter edge, compared with the center.

8. An imaging lens, as defined in claim 1, wherein an image-side surface of the third lens has negative power at a center and weaker negative power at an axial ray diameter edge, compared with the center, or the image-side surface of the third lens has negative power at the center and positive power at the axial ray diameter edge.

9. An imaging lens, as defined in claim 1, wherein an image-side surface of the fourth lens has positive power at a center and weaker positive power at an axial ray diameter edge, compared with the center, or the image-side surface of the fourth lens has positive power at the center and negative power at the axial ray diameter edge.

10. An imaging lens, as defined in claim 1, wherein an image-side surface of the fifth lens has positive power at a center and weaker positive power at an axial ray diameter edge, compared with the center, or the image-side surface of the fifth lens has positive power at the center and negative power at the axial ray diameter edge.

11. An imaging lens, as defined in claim 1, wherein when the focal length of the entire system is f, and the focal length of the first lens is f1, the following formula (1-3) is satisfied:

- −1.10<f1/f<−0.60 (1-3).

12. An imaging lens, as defined in claim 1, wherein when the focal length of the entire system is f, and the focal length of the second lens is f2, the following formula (2-1) is satisfied:

- 0.7<f2/f<1.2 (2-1).

13. An imaging lens, as defined in claim 1, wherein when the curvature radius of the object-side surface of the first lens and the curvature radius of the image-side surface of the first lens are R1 and R2, respectively, the following formula (3-1) is satisfied:

- 0.6<(R1+R2)/(R1−R2)<0.90 (3-1).

14. An imaging lens, as defined in claim 1, wherein when the focal length of an entire system is f, and the focal length of the fifth lens is f5, the following formula (4-1) is satisfied:

- 1.30<f5/f<2.05 (4-1).

15. An imaging lens, as defined in claim 1, wherein the following formula (11″) is satisfied:

- 0.2<|f12/f345|<1.2 (11″)

16. An imaging apparatus comprising an imaging lens, as defined in claim 1.

**Patent History**

**Publication number**: 20130258492

**Type:**Application

**Filed**: May 31, 2013

**Publication Date**: Oct 3, 2013

**Patent Grant number**: 8670192

**Inventor**: Taro ASAMI (Saitama-ken)

**Application Number**: 13/907,003

**Classifications**

**Current U.S. Class**:

**Telecentric System (359/663)**

**International Classification**: G02B 13/22 (20060101);