Sports Cap Closure to Supply Dose

- Liquid Health Labs, Inc.

The present invention relates to a storing and dispensing closure to separately house, store or carry a dose or supply of one or more ingredients, formulations or products until dispensed at point-of-use, to dispense the stored products into a separate receiving vessel, and to dispense for consumption. Methods for dosing or supplying are also provided.

Skip to: Description  ·  Claims  · Patent History  ·  Patent History
Description
CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS

This application claims the benefit of U.S. Provisional Appl. Nos. 61/571,414, 61/571,415, 61/571,423 and 61/571,413, each filed Jun. 27, 2011, and U.S. Provisional Appl. No. 61/632,364, filed Jan. 23, 2012, the contents of which are incorporated by reference herein in their entirety.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

1. Field of the Invention

This invention relates generally to the field of packages and containers, and in particular, pertains to containers that may be used to keep components separate until use and the dispensing of one component into the other at the point of use. In particular aspects, the field of the invention relates to beverage bottle caps and closure devices.

2. Background

It is desirable to fit a closure device to the top of a beverage or the like that can separately store a first product, supply the first product to a second product without removal of the closure device, and that allows for consumption of the combined products without removing the closure device. There remains a need for a storing and dispensing closure device that can store a product separately from a second product so as to retain its ingredient integrity over time and to dose or supply the product at a predetermined dose or supply into a receptacle, vessel or container for consumption without contamination or spilling, that allows for consumption without closure removal, and that is easily assembled, filled and operated.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

In one aspect, the invention provides a closure device capable of allowing consumption of the one or more ingredients, formulations or products combined with the contents of a receiving vessel without removal of the closure device from the receiving vessel. In some embodiments, the closure device is capable of housing, storing and/or carrying a dose or supply of one or more ingredients, formulations or products for a beverage until a desired point of use as determined by the end user.

In another aspect, the closure device comprises a base for housing one or more ingredients and engaging a container opening of a receiving vessel; a dispenser for dispensing the one or more ingredients into the receiving vessel; and a spout for dispensing the contents of the receiving vessel.

It another aspect, the invention provides a closure device comprising (a) a base comprising a product chamber and closure skirt; (b) a dispenser having a septum and end cap; and (c) a spout having an outer cap, outlet and stem of the septum.

In another aspect, the closure device comprises a base comprising a product chamber and closure skirt; a dispenser having a septum, end cap and septum guide; and a spout having an outer cap, outlet, and stem of the septum. In some embodiments there is provided a septum guide comprising a septum guide collar and one or more septum support collar ribs. In some other embodiments there is provided a septum guide comprising one or more flexible hinge leg member.

In another aspect, the invention provides a closure device comprising (a) a base comprising a product chamber and closure skirt; (b) a dispenser having a septum and end cap; (c) a spout having an outer cap, outlet, a lid and one or more spout seals.

In another aspect, the invention provides a closure device comprising a base comprising a product chamber for storing one or more ingredients until point-of-use dispensing comprising one or more side walls having an inner and outer diameter wherein the outer diameter further comprises one or more base radial beads, a proximal end and distal end, and a closure skirt for engaging the opening or neck of a receiving vessel comprising a proximal top, one or more peripheral side walls having an inner and outer diameter greater than the one or more side walls of the product chamber, a distal end and a plug seal depending from the proximal top of the closure skirt comprising a thicker proximal end and thinner distal end, and non-parallel inner and outer angled surfaces wherein the apex of the outer surface engages the inner diameter of the opening or neck of the receiving vessel; a dispenser having a septum in axial alignment within the product chamber and in mating engagement with an end cap wherein the septum further comprises a septum guide collar and one or more septum collar support ribs, and an end cap that closes the distal end of the product chamber in the inactivated state; and a spout having an outer cap capable of moving axially in proximal and distal directions comprising a proximal top with an opening capable of receiving the stem of the septum, one or more side walls having inner and outer diameters wherein the inner diameter further comprises one or more spout radial beads for interfering engagement of one or more base radial beads when the outer cap is in its proximal most position, a stem of the septum for engaging the opening, and an outlet formed by the opening of the outer cap and the space around the stem of the septum when the outer cap is in the proximal most position.

In another aspect, the closure device comprises a closure skirt for engaging the opening or neck of a receiving vessel comprising a proximal top, one or more peripheral side walls and a plug seal depending from the proximal top comprising a thicker proximal end and thinner distal end, and non-parallel inner and outer angled surfaces wherein the apex of the outer surface engages the inner diameter of the opening or neck of the receiving vessel; a product chamber for housing one or more ingredients comprising one or more side walls having an inner and outer diameter, a proximal end covered by an outer cap of the spout and a distal end closed by an end cap when the closure device is in the inactivated state; a dispenser comprising a septum in mating engagement with an end cap and capable of moving axially, wherein the septum further comprises one or more flexible hinge leg members, and an end cap that is in sealing engagement with the inner diameter of the product chamber in the inactivated state and further comprising a dispensing port when the dispenser is in the actuated state; and a spout having an outer cap comprising a proximal top with an opening capable of receiving the stem of the septum and capable of moving axially in proximal and distal directions, a stem of the septum and an outlet that is formed by the opening of the outer cap and the space around the stem of the septum open when the outer cap is in the proximal most position.

In another aspect, the closure device comprises a base comprising a closure skirt engaging the opening or neck of a receiving vessel comprising a proximal top, one or more peripheral side walls and a plug seal depending from the proximal top comprising a thicker proximal end and thinner distal end, and non-parallel inner and outer angled surfaces wherein the apex of the outer surface engages the inner diameter of the opening or neck of the receiving vessel; and a housing for storing one or more ingredients comprising one or more side walls having an inner and outer diameter wherein the outer diameter further comprises one or more base radial beads, a proximal end covered by an outer cap of the spout and a distal end comprising a distal annular edge; a dispenser comprising a septum in mating engagement with an end cap, a septum support from which the septum depends axially within the product chamber, an end cap in sealing engagement with the inner diameter of the product chamber in the inactivated state, and an outer cap integral with the septum support comprising one or more side walls having an inner diameter further comprising one or more spout radial beads for interfering engagement of the outer diameter of the housing, and capable of moving axially in the distal direction; wherein distal movement of the outer cap moves the septum support, septum and end cap distal to the distal annular edge of the product chamber allowing the one or more ingredients to be dispensed into the receiving vessel; and a spout comprising an outer cap further comprising a proximal top with a recess comprising a spout seal, a lid attached by a hinge to the outer cap with a depending spout seal capable of sealing engagement of the recess of the outer cap and an outlet in the recess of the outer cap.

In another aspect, the invention provides a method for dosing and consuming a dosage of one or more ingredients comprising attaching to a receiving vessel a pull open closure device comprising a base having a closure skirt for attaching and a product chamber storing one or more ingredients, a dispenser having a septum and end cap, and a spout having an outer cap, outlet and stem of the septum; dispensing the one or more ingredients into the receiving vessel by applying a user-actuated pushing force to the septum in mating engagement with the end cap; and opening the spout for consuming the contents of the receiving vessel by applying a user-actuated pulling force to the outer cap of the spout.

In another aspect, the invention provides a method for dosing and consuming a dosage of one or more ingredients comprising attaching to a receiving vessel a pull open closure device comprising a base having a closure skirt for attaching and a product chamber storing one or more ingredients, a dispenser having a septum and end cap, and a spout having an outer cap, an outlet, a lid and one or more spout seals; dispensing the one or more ingredients into the receiving vessel by applying a user-actuated pushing force to the septum in mating engagement with the end cap; and opening the lid by a user-actuated force.

In some aspects, the closure device of the present invention comprises a closure skirt capable of attaching to a receiving vessel and sealing close the neck or opening of the vessel. In some embodiments the closure skirt comprises one or more deformable protrusions capable of attaching to and sealing close the necks and openings of receiving vessels of various sizes. In some embodiments the deformable protrusions comprise one or more plug seals.

It is another aspect of the invention to provide an improved plug seal of a closure skirt that is angled in shape that eliminates in manufacturing the need for floating steel components to release the undercut from the mold, yet provides interfering radial engagement to the inner diameter of the neck of a receiving vessel to maintain proper seal integrity.

In some aspects, the closure device comprises a dispenser comprising a septum and end cap. In some embodiments, the dispenser comprises a septum, end cap and septum support. In some embodiments the dispenser further comprises an outer cap. In some embodiments, the dispenser further comprises one or more septum guides and/or a septum stop.

In some aspects, the closure device comprises a spout. In some embodiments, the spout comprises an outer cap and outlet. In some embodiments, the spout further comprises a stem of the septum. In other embodiments, the spout further comprises a lid and one or more spout seals.

In some embodiments, the closure device comprises a dispensing-preventative component that provides protection from inadvertent, accidental or premature dispensing. In some embodiments, the dispensing-preventative component is selected from the group consisting of (i) a fold-away tab or truss that straddles the stem of the septum to prevent inadvertent activation and dispensing, (ii) a standing radial rim connected to the proximal radial edge of the spout and surrounding the stem of the septum beyond the proximal top of the stem to prevent inadvertent activation and dispensing, and (iii) a protective overcap covering the stem of the septum.

In some embodiments, the closure device comprises one or more of the tamper evident (TE) components that indicate premature dispensing and/or tampering. In some embodiments, the tamper evident component is selected from the group consisting of (i) a tamper evident band attached by a break-away attachment to the distal end of the outer cap of the spout to prevent inadvertent dispensing and which cannot be removed from the spout without breaking the break-away attachment, (ii) a tamper evident skirt attached to the distal annular edge of the closure skirt by a break-away attachment that cannot be removed from a receiving vessel without breaking the break-away attachment, (iii) a fold-away tab or truss attached to the proximal top of the stem of the septum by a break-away tab where a detached break-away tab is an indication of tampering, and/or (iv) a break-away attachment or pull tab on the lid such that the lid cannot be opened without breaking or removing the break-away attachment or without actuating the pull tab.

The features and advantages of the present invention will be apparent to those skilled in the art. While numerous changes may be made by those skilled in the art, such changes are within the spirit of the invention.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

The drawings constitute a part of this specification and include exemplary embodiments to the invention, which may be embodied in various forms. It is to be understood that in some instances various aspects of the invention may be shown exaggerated or enlarged to facilitate an understanding of the invention.

FIG. 1. Cross section view of one embodiment of the pull open spout closure device in assembly in the inactivated state (i.e., prior to dispensing stored one or more ingredients, formulations or products into a receiving vessel) with a closed spout identifying the base 1, base housing 2, product chamber 3, closure skirt 4, spout 5, septum 6, end cap 7, stem of the septum 8, tapered end cap surface 9, septum receiving portion 10, radial polish 11, septum guide collar 12, septum collar support ribs 13, septum stop 14, outer cap 15, outlet 16, base radial bead 17, spout radial bead 18 and the greater diameter of the outer cap 21.

FIG. 2. Side view of the same embodiment of the pull open spout closure device of FIG. 1 in the inactivated state with a closed spout.

FIG. 3. Top view of the same embodiment of the pull open spout closure device of FIG. 1 in the inactivated state with a closed spout.

FIG. 4. Cross section view of the same embodiment of the pull open spout closure device of FIG. 1 in the actuated state (i.e., one or more ingredients, formulations or products have been dispensed) with an open spout identifying the base 1, base housing 2, product chamber 3, closure skirt 4, spout 5, septum 6, end cap 7, stem of the septum 8, tapered end cap surface 9, septum receiving portion 10, radial polish 11, septum guide collar 12, septum collar support ribs 13, septum stop 14, outer cap 15, outlet 16, base radial bead 17, spout radial bead 18 and the greater diameter of the outer cap 21.

FIG. 5. Side view of the same embodiment of the pull open spout closure device of FIG. 4 in the actuated state with an open spout.

FIG. 6. Top view of the same embodiment of the pull open spout closure device of FIG. 4 in the actuated state with an open spout.

FIG. 7. Cross section view of one embodiment of pull open spout closure device in assembly in the inactivated state with a closed spout identifying the housing 2, product chamber 3, closure skirt 4, septum 6, end cap 7, stem of the septum 8, tapered end cap surface 9, radial polish 11, outer cap 15, base radial bead 17, spout radial bead 18, flexible hinge leg member 19, stem surround 20, and outer cap greater diameter 21.

FIG. 8. Side view of the same embodiment of the pull open spout closure device of FIG. 7 in the inactivated state with a closed spout.

FIG. 9. Top view of the same embodiment of the pull open spout closure device of FIG. 7 in the inactivated state with a closed spout.

FIG. 10. Cross section view of the of the same embodiment of the pull open spout closure device of FIG. 7 in the actuated state with the spout open identifying the housing 2, product chamber 3, closure skirt 4, septum 6, end cap 7, stem of the septum 8, tapered end cap surface 9, radial polish 11, outer cap 15, base radial bead 17, spout radial bead 18, flexible hinge leg member 19, stem surround 20, outer cap greater diameter 21, and dispensing port 66.

FIG. 11. Top view of the same embodiment of the pull open spout closure device of FIG. 10 in the actuated state with an open spout.

FIG. 12. Cross section view of one embodiment of the spout with pull open lid closure device in assembly in the inactivated state and with the lid closed identifying the base 1, product chamber 3, closure skirt 4, spout 5, septum 6, end cap 7, tapered end cap surface 9, outer cap 15, base radial bead 17, spout radial bead 18, outer cap recess 23, interior spout wall 24, radial rim 25, lid spout seal 27, lid 28, lid hinge 29, lid tab 30, and spout TE band 32.

FIG. 13. Side view of the same embodiment of the spout with pull open lid closure device of FIG. 12 in the inactivated state with a closed lid.

FIG. 14. Top view of the same embodiment of the spout with pull open lid closure device of FIG. 12 in the inactivated state with a closed lid.

FIG. 15. Cross section view of one embodiment of the spout with pull open lid closure device in assembly in the actuated state with the lid opened identifying the product chamber 3, closure skirt 4, septum 6, end cap 7, tapered end cap surface 9, outer cap 15, base radial bead 17, spout radial bead 18, outer cap recess 23, interior spout wall 24, radial rim 25, lid spout seal 27, lid 28, lid hinge 29, lid tab 30, and dispensing port 66.

FIG. 16. Side view of the same embodiment of the spout with pull open lid closure device of FIG. 15 in the actuated state with the lid opened.

FIG. 17. Perspective view of the same embodiment of the spout with pull open lid closure device of FIG. 15 in the actuated state with the lid opened identifying the outlet 16, septum support 22, recess spout seal 26, lid spout seal 27, lid 28, and lid collar 31.

FIG. 18. Top view of the of the same embodiment of the spout with pull open lid closure device of FIGS. 15 and 17 in the actuated state with the lid opened.

FIG. 19. Close-up view of closure device showing distal end cap recess 33, center flash spacing 34.

FIG. 20: Close-up view of improved plug seal 47.

FIG. 21. Cross section view of a universal closure skirt with flexible deformable rings 42.

FIG. 22. Cross section view of a universal closure skirt with deformable helix 43.

FIG. 23. Cross section view of a universal closure skirt with flexible deformable vertical ribs 44.

FIG. 24. Bottom view of a universal closure skirt with flexible deformable vertical ribs 44.

FIG. 25. Cross section view of a universal closure skirt with flexible deformable angled vertical ribs 45.

FIG. 26. Bottom view of a universal closure skirt with flexible deformable angled vertical ribs 45.

FIG. 27. Cross section view of a universal closure skirt with flexible deformable vertical arced ribs 46.

FIG. 28. Bottom view of a universal closure with flexible deformable arced vertical ribs 46.

FIG. 29. Top view of a universal closure skirt.

FIG. 30. Partial perspective view of a universal closure skirt.

FIG. 31. Bottom view of a universal closure skirt.

FIG. 32. Closed top view of a three piece dosing style closure device.

FIG. 33. Closed position section view of a three piece dosing style closure device in closed position.

FIG. 34. Side view of a three piece dosing style closure device in closed position.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

For the purposes of promoting an understanding of the principles of the invention, reference will now be made to certain embodiments and specific language will be used to describe the same. It will nevertheless be understood that no limitation of the scope of the invention is thereby intended, and alterations and modifications in the illustrated embodiments, and further applications of the principles of the invention as illustrated therein are herein contemplated as would normally occur to one skilled in the art to which the invention relates.

Unless defined otherwise, all technical and scientific terms used herein have the same meaning as commonly understood by one of ordinary skill in the art to which this invention pertains.

For the purpose of interpreting this specification, the following definitions will apply and whenever appropriate, terms used in the singular will also include the plural and vice versa. In the event that any definition set forth below conflicts with the usage of that word in any other document, including any document incorporated herein by reference, the definition set forth below shall always control for purposes of interpreting this specification and its associated claims unless a contrary meaning is clearly intended (for example in the document where the term is originally used). The use of “or” means “and/or” unless stated otherwise. The use of the terms “a” and “an” and “the” and similar referents in the context of describing the invention (especially in the context of the following claims) are to be construed to cover both the singular and the plural, unless otherwise indicated herein or clearly contradicted by context. The terms “comprising,” “having,” “including,” and “containing” are to be construed as open-ended terms (i.e., meaning “including, but not limited to,”) unless otherwise noted. Recitation of ranges of values herein are merely intended to serve as a shorthand method of referring individually to each separate value falling within the range, unless otherwise indicated herein, and each separate value is incorporated into the specification as if it were individually recited herein. All methods described herein can be performed in any suitable order unless otherwise indicated herein or otherwise clearly contradicted by context. The use of any and all examples, or exemplary language (e.g., “such as”) provided herein, is intended merely to better illuminate the invention and does not pose a limitation on the scope of the invention unless otherwise claimed. No language in the specification should be construed as indicating any non-claimed element as essential to the practice of the invention.

In one aspect, the present invention relates to storing, dispensing and closure devices. The closure devices of the present invention can be used to separately house, store or carry a dose or supply of one or more ingredients, formulations or products to maintain freshness and integrity of the ingredients until dispensed at point-of-use into a separate receiving vessel. When activated the closure devices of the present invention delivers or dispenses the stored dose or supply of one or more ingredients, formulations or products to the receiving vessel without the removal of the closure device from a bottle or container thereby eliminating spills and contamination. The combined contents of the receiving vessel can be dispensed for consumption by the closure devices of the present invention without removing the closure device from the receiving vessel. The closure devices can be opened for consuming the combined contents, can be closed to prevent spilling of the combined contents, and can be reopened and closed again.

In some embodiments, the closure device comprises a base 1 comprising a housing 2 for storing or housing one or more ingredients, formulations or products and a closure skirt 4 for attaching the closure device to a receiving vessel; a dispenser for dispensing a dose or supply of the one or more ingredients, formulations or products into the receiving vessel; and a spout 5 for dispensing the combined contents of the receiving vessel for consumption. In some embodiments, the base 1 comprises a housing 2 and closure skirt 4; the dispenser comprises a septum 6 and end cap 7; and the spout 5 comprises an outer cap 15 and outlet 16. In other embodiments the closure device further comprises a receiving vessel capable of receiving the one or more ingredients dispensed from the closure device.

In another embodiment, there is provided a pull open closure device comprising a base 1 having a housing 2 and closure skirt 4; a dispenser comprising a septum 6 and end cap 7; and a pull open spout 5 comprising an outer cap 15 and outlet 16 and stem of the septum 8. In some embodiments, the dispenser further comprises one or more septum guides and/or septum stop 14. In another embodiment, the closure device further comprises an end plate seal. In some embodiments, the pull open closure device comprises a closure skirt 4 having a plug seal 47 having an improved angular shape. In some embodiments, the pull open closure device comprises one or more features that protect against accidental dispensing including a fold-away truss or tab, protective over cap, and/or radial rim. In some embodiments, there are one or more features indicative that inadvertent dispensing or tampering has occurred including a tamper evident (TE) band of the spout 32, a TE band of the closure skirt, one or more break-away attachments of a fold-away truss and one or more break-away attachments of the lid.

In some embodiments, the closure device comprises a base 1 comprising a product chamber 3 and closure skirt 4; a dispenser having a septum 6 and end cap 7; and a spout 5 having an outer cap 15, outlet and stem of the septum 8.

In some embodiments, the closure device comprises a base 1 comprising a product chamber 3 and closure skirt 4; a dispenser having a septum 6, end cap 7 and septum guide; and a spout 5 having an outer cap 15, outlet 16, and stem of the septum 8. In some embodiments there is provided a septum guide comprising a septum guide collar 12 and one or more septum collar support ribs 13. In some other embodiments there is provided a septum guide comprising one or more flexible hinge leg members 19.

In another embodiment, there is provided a pull open closure device comprising a base 1 having a housing 2 and closure skirt 4; a dispenser comprising a septum 6, septum support 22 and end cap 7; and a spout 5 comprising an outer cap 15, an outlet 16, a pull open lid 28 and one or more spout seals 26, 27. In some embodiments, the pull open closure device comprises a dispenser further comprising one or more septum guides. In some embodiments the pull open closure device further comprises an end plate seal. In some embodiments the pull open closure device comprises a closure skirt 4 having a plug seal 47 having an improved angular shape. In some embodiments the pull open closure device further comprises one or more tamper evident bands of the spout 32 and/or closure skirt.

In some embodiments, the closure device comprises a base 1 comprising a product chamber 3 and closure skirt 4; a dispenser having a septum 6, septum support 22 and end cap 7; and a spout 5 having an outer cap 15, outlet 16, a lid 28 and one or more spout seals 26, 27.

In another embodiment, the closure device comprises a base 1 comprising a product chamber 3 for storing one or more ingredients until point-of-use dispensing comprising one or more side walls having an inner and outer diameter wherein the outer diameter further comprises one or more base radial beads 17, a proximal end and distal end, and a closure skirt 4 for engaging the opening or neck of a receiving vessel comprising a proximal top, one or more peripheral side walls having an inner and outer diameter greater than the one or more side walls of the product chamber 3, a distal end and a plug seal 47 depending from the proximal top of the closure skirt 4 comprising a thicker proximal end 49 and thinner distal end 48, and non-parallel inner and outer angled surfaces wherein the apex 50 of the outer surface engages the inner diameter of the opening or neck of the receiving vessel; a dispenser having a septum 6 in axial alignment within the product chamber 3 and in mating engagement with an end cap 7 wherein the septum 6 further comprises a septum guide collar 12 and one or more septum collar support ribs 13, and an end cap 7 that closes the distal end of the product chamber 3 in the inactivated state; and a spout 5 having an outer cap 15 capable of moving axially in proximal and distal directions comprising a proximal top with an opening capable of receiving the stem of the septum 8, one or more side walls having inner and outer diameters wherein the inner diameter further comprises one or more spout radial beads 18 for interfering engagement of one or more base radial beads 17 when the outer cap 15 is in its proximal most position, a stem of the septum 8 for engaging the opening, and an outlet 16 formed by the opening of the outer cap 15 and the space around the stem of the septum 8 when the outer cap 15 is in the proximal most position.

In another embodiment, the closure device comprises a closure skirt 4 for engaging the opening or neck of a receiving vessel comprising a proximal top, one or more peripheral side walls and a plug seal 47 depending from the proximal top comprising a thicker proximal end 49 and thinner distal end 48, and non-parallel inner and outer angled surfaces wherein the apex of the outer surface 50 engages the inner diameter of the opening or neck of the receiving vessel; a product chamber 3 for housing one or more ingredients comprising one or more side walls having an inner and outer diameter, a proximal end covered by an outer cap 15 of the spout 5 and a distal end closed by an end cap 7 when the closure device is in the inactivated state; a dispenser comprising a septum 6 in mating engagement with an end cap 7 and capable of moving axially, wherein the septum 6 further comprises one or more flexible hinge leg 19 members, and an end cap 7 that is in sealing engagement with the inner diameter of the product chamber 3 in the inactivated state and further comprising a dispensing port when the dispenser is in the actuated state; and a spout 5 having an outer cap 15 comprising a proximal top with an opening capable of receiving the stem of the septum 8 and capable of moving axially in proximal and distal directions, a stem of the septum 8 and an outlet 16 that is formed by the opening of the outer cap 15 and the space around the stem of the septum 8 open when the outer cap 15 is in the proximal most position.

In another embodiment, the closure device comprises a base 1 comprising a closure skirt 4 engaging the opening or neck of a receiving vessel comprising a proximal top, one or more peripheral side walls and a plug seal 47 depending from the proximal top comprising a thicker proximal end 49 and thinner distal end 48, and non-parallel inner and outer angled surfaces wherein the apex of the outer surface 50 engages the inner diameter of the opening or neck of the receiving vessel; and (ii) a housing 2 for storing one or more ingredients comprising one or more side walls having an inner and outer diameter where in the outer diameter further comprises one or more base radial beads 17, a proximal end covered by an outer cap 15 of the spout 5 and a distal end comprising a distal annular edge; a dispenser comprising a septum 6 in mating engagement with an end cap 7, a septum support 22 from which the septum 6 depends axially within the product chamber 3, an end cap 7 in sealing engagement with the inner diameter of the product chamber 3 in the inactivated state, and an outer cap 15 integral with the septum support 22 comprising one or more side walls having an inner diameter further comprising one or more spout radial beads 18 for interfering engagement of the outer diameter of the housing 2, and capable of moving axially in the distal direction; wherein distal movement of the outer cap 15 moves the septum support 22, septum 6 and end cap 7 distal to the distal annular edge of the product chamber 3 allowing the one or more ingredients to be dispensed into the receiving vessel; and a spout 5 comprising an outer cap 15 further comprising a proximal top with a recess 23 comprising a spout seal 26, a lid 28, attached by a hinge 29 to the outer cap 15, with a depending spout seal 27 capable of sealing engagement with the recess 23 of the outer cap 15 and an outlet 16 in the recess of the outer cap.

Details of the components and features of the closure devices of the present invention are described more fully below.

Base

The closure devices of the present invention comprise a base 1 providing a housing for storing one or more ingredients, formulations or products and a closure skirt 4 for attaching the closure device to a receiving vessel.

Housing

In some embodiments, the base housing 2 has a proximal top, a distal end, one or more side walls and an internal volume.

In some embodiments, the proximal top of the housing is covered by the outer cap 15 (as described below). The proximal top of the housing comprises one or more openings that faun or assist in forming the outlet 16 (as described below) for dispensing the contents of a receiving vessel for consumption.

The one or more side walls of the base housing 2 have one or more inner and outer diameters. In one embodiment, each of the inner diameter of the side walls and the outer diameter of the side walls are substantially the same along their respective length from the proximal top to the distal end of the base housing 2. In other embodiments, there are more than one of each of the inner and outer diameters of the side walls along the length of the side walls from the proximal end to the distal end of the base 1. The side walls have a distal annular edge at their distal end. In one embodiment the side walls of the base housing 2 are curved to give the base a tubular shape. The tubular shape of the base housing 2 may be conical including any tapered or multi-sized tubular or cylindrical form. In another embodiment the side walls of the base housing 2 are flat having three or more side walls forming an angular tube shape. The inner diameter of the side walls at the distal end of the base housing 2 interferingly engages the outer diameter of the end cap 7 of the dispenser as described in greater detail below. The outer diameter of the side walls of the base housing 2 interferingly engage the inner diameter of the side walls of the outer cap 15 as described in greater detail below. In some embodiments, the outer diameter of the side walls of the base housing 2 comprises one or more base radial beads 17 for interfering engagement of the inner diameter of the side walls of the outer cap 15.

The distal end of the base housing 2 comprises the distal annular edge of the side walls. When the closure device of the present invention is in an inactivated state (i.e., prior to point-of-use dispensing of stored one or more ingredients, formulations or products), the distal end of the base housing 2 is closed by the end cap 7 of the dispenser and/or end plate seal as described in greater detail below. When the closure devices of the present invention is in an activated state (i.e., after point-of-use dispensing of stored one or more ingredients, formulations or products), the distal end of the base housing 2 is open to allow the dispensed one or more ingredients, formulations or products to combine with contents of a receiving vessel and to allow consumption of the combined contents of the receiving vessel. The distal end of the base housing 2 further comprises a dispensing port 66 when the closure device is in the activated state. Referring to FIG. 10, upon actuation, there is provided a spaced opening at the distal end of the base housing 2 allowing the one or more ingredients, formulations or products to exit the internal volume of the base housing 2 and be dispensed into the receiving vessel.

The internal volume of the base housing 2 is used to store the one or more ingredients, formulations or products. The internal volume of the base is also referred to as the product chamber 3. In some embodiments the volume of the product chamber 3 is predetermined for dosing and supplying methods. The product chamber 3 has a proximal top, a distal end, and one or more side walls as described above for the base housing 2. In some embodiments the product chamber 3 has the same dimensions as the base housing 2. In other embodiments the product chamber 3 has different and smaller dimensions than the base housing 2.

The type and form of the one or more ingredients, formulations or products stored in the product chamber 3 is unlimited. In some embodiments there is a single ingredient, formulation or product and in other embodiments there is a combination of ingredients, formulations and/or products. Non-limiting exemplary forms of ingredients, formulations or products include powders, dehydrated constituents, liquids, liquid concentrate and suspensions. Non-limiting examples of the types of ingredients, formulations or products that can be stored and dispensed from the closure devices of the present invention include dietary supplements (e.g., fiber and vitamins), sport nutrition ingredients (e.g., amino acids, fat burning agents, muscle builders), diet nutrition ingredients (e.g., appetite suppressants, fat burning agents, ingredients causing a feeling satiety), ingredients with anti-aging benefits, immune supporting ingredients (e.g., prebiotics, probiotics), energy boosting agents, stimulants, anti-oxidants and anti-hangover formulations.

The ingredients, formulations and products capable of being stored and dispensed from the closure devices of the present invention can also include medicaments, biologics, microorganisms, nutraceuticals, drugs, prodrugs and pharmaceuticals. It is desirable to formulate a point of use form of delivering medicine that avoids the need to swallow hard tablets or capsules, avoids bad taste associated with more traditional forms of medicines and maintains the product integrity.

Any of the one or more ingredients, formulations or products stored and dispensed by the closure devices of the present invention can be stored independently or in combination with other ingredients such as, for example, flavoring, sweetening, acidulants, excipients, preservatives and/or coloring agents.

Closure Skirt

The base 1 of the closure devices of the present invention further comprise a closure skirt 4. The closure skirt 4 is capable of engaging the neck finish or container opening of a receiving vessel to provide sealed closure of the receiving vessel neck or opening. The closure skirt 4 has a greater diameter than the base housing 2. The closure skirt 4 has a proximal top or deck, one or more peripheral side walls, and a distal annular edge. As shown in FIGS. 2, 5, 8, 13 and 16, in one embodiment there are longitudinal finger recess elements on the outer side walls of the closure skirt 4 for better grasping by the end user. In one embodiment, the closure skirt 4 has threads on the internal side walls capable of being rotatably coupled to a receiving vessel opening. In another embodiment the closure skirt 4 is non-threaded. In some embodiments, the closure skirt 4 comprises one or more depending radial flexible members that fits to the inner diameter of a receiving vessel opening. The depending radial member is designed to have interfering engagement with the inner diameter of the opening of a receiving vessel such that it seals the contents of the receiving vessel from leaking out and still allows sufficiently low application and removal forces to be readily applied and removed by the end user. In some embodiments the closure devices of the present invention are capable of providing sealing engagement with a variety of container neck finishes and container opening sizes of a receiving vessel and comprises the features and functionality as described below for the universal closure skirt 4.

Dispenser

The closure devices of the present invention comprise a dispenser comprising a septum 6 and end cap 7 for dispensing one or more ingredients from the product chamber 3 into a receiving vessel. Downward vertical movement of the septum 6 moves the end cap 7 beyond the distal end of base housing 2 to effect release of one or more ingredients, formulations or products into a receiving vessel. In some embodiments, the dispenser further comprises one or more septum guides. In one embodiment the septum guide comprises a septum guide collar 12 and septum stop 14. In another embodiment, the septum guide comprises one or more flexible hinge leg members 19. In other embodiments, the dispenser further comprises a septum support 22 from which the septum 6 depends. In some embodiments, the septum support 22 is integrated with the outer cap 15 of the spout 5. In some embodiments, the outer cap 15 of the spout 5 further comprises spout radial beads 18 for interfering engagement of the side walls of the base housing 2. Details of the components and features of the dispensers of the present invention are described below.

Septum

In some embodiments, the septum 6 has a cylindrical, tubular or conical shape. In some embodiments, the septum 6 has one or more outer diameters, a proximal stem, an intermediate portion and a distal end. In some embodiments the septum 6 further comprises one or more inner diameters. In some embodiments the outer and inner diameters of the septum 6 are variable along the length of the septum 6. In some embodiments, the proximal top of the stem can be flat or rounded. In one embodiment, the proximal stem of the septum 8 has a greater outer diameter than the intermediate portion, distal end and/or a combination thereof. In some embodiments, the diameter of the stem of the septum 8 is greater than at least the intermediate portion of the septum in a stepped, non-tapered fashion such that there is a distal annular edge of the stem as shown in FIG. 1. The stem of the septum 8 in this embodiment is also referred to as the septum seal post. In other embodiments, the outer diameter of the septum 6 is substantially the same along its length. In some embodiments, the distal end of the septum 6 is configured to be in mating engagement with the end cap 7. In some embodiments, the septum 6 is configured to be in axial alignment within the product chamber 3.

Upon application of a user-actuated pushing force, the septum 6 is capable of moving axially in a downward vertical or distal direction toward the distal end of the base 1. Distal movement of the septum 6 moves the end cap 7 in the downward or distal direction beyond the distal end of the base housing 2 to effect release of the one or more stored ingredients, formulations or products. In some embodiments the septum 6 is pushed down directly. In one such embodiment movement of the stem of the septum 8 is pushed down by an end-user. Referring to FIG. 10, the stem of the septum 8 extends beyond the proximal end of the outer cap 15 (as described below) in the inactivated state (i.e., prior to point-of-use dispensing of stored one or more ingredients, formulations or products) and is pushed down directly by the user. In some embodiments, in the actuated state (i.e., after point-of-use dispensing of stored one or more ingredients, formulations or products), the stem of the septum 8 is substantially flush with the proximal end of the outer cap 15. In other embodiments, the septum 6 is pushed down indirectly. In one such embodiment movement of the outer cap 15 of the spout 5 affects movement of the septum 6. Referring to FIG. 15, downward pushing of the spout 5 integral with the septum support 22 moves the septum 6 downward or in the distal direction. In this embodiment, the stem of the septum 8 in both an inactivated state and actuated state does not extend beyond the proximal top of the base housing 2 and/or product chamber 3. The septum 6 maintains axial alignment during the inactivated and actuated states.

In some embodiments, the septum 6 is substantially rigid and not intended to bend or flex to a deformable position. In some embodiments, the rigidity of the septum 6 aids assembly so that it can readily accept the end cap 7 in interfering engagement. In some embodiments the septum 6 is intended to remain engaged in the end cap 7 and not be readily removed from the end cap 7. Upon application of user-actuated pushing force the septum 6 forces the end cap 7 in a downward or distal direction beyond the distal end of the product chamber 3. In some embodiments, the strength of the septum 6 needs to be structurally sound enough to forcibly remove the end cap 7 from the product chamber 3 where there is diametrical interference.

Septum Guides

In some embodiments of the present invention, the dispenser further comprises one or more septum guides. In some embodiments, septum guides maintain axial alignment of the septum 6 within the product chamber 3 in the inactivated state, during actuation as the septum 6 moves downward or vertically in a distal direction, and in the actuated state after dispensing the stored one or more ingredients, formulations or products of the product chamber 3.

In some embodiments, there is one or more septum guide collars 12. Referring to FIGS. 1 and 4, the septum guide collar 12 has inner and outer diameters, a proximal annular edge and distal annular edge. The inner diameter of the septum guide collar 12 is in interfering engagement with the outer diameter of the side walls of the septum 6. In some embodiments the septum guide collar 12 interferingly engages the intermediate portion of the septum. The septum guide collar 12 allows for axial movement of the septum 6 in the distal and proximal directions upon application of a user-actuated pushing or pulling force, respectively. In some embodiments, the septum 6 is in axial alignment within the septum guide collar 12. In one embodiment, the septum guide collar 12 is static. The septum guide collar 12 is attached to the inside diameter of the side walls of the product chamber 3 by one or more septum collar support ribs 13. The septum collar support ribs 13 radiate from the inner diameter of the product chamber 3 (FIGS. 1 and 4). The septum collar support ribs 13 are static and maintain the static position of the septum guide collar 12. In other embodiments, there is one or more flexible hinge leg members 19 to maintain axial alignment of the septum 6. Referring to FIGS. 7 and 10, the flexible hinge leg members 19 are attached to the inner diameter of the side wall of the product chamber 3 and radiate therefrom and attach to the septum 6. In some embodiments, the flexible hinge leg members 19 radiate perpendicularly from the inner diameter of the product chamber 3. In other embodiments, the flexible hinge leg members 19 radiate at a non-perpendicular angle. In some embodiments, the flexible hinge leg members 19 attach to the proximal stem of the septum 8. In some embodiments, the flexible hinge attaches to or is integral with a septum stem surround 20 that matingly engages and fits over the proximal top of the stem and around the outer diameter of the stem of the septum 8. In some embodiments, the flexible hinge leg members 19 attach to the intermediate portion of the septum. The flexible hinge leg members 19 are capable of flexing and bending. When the septum 6 is in its inactivated position (i.e., prior to point-of-use dispensing of stored one or more ingredients, formulations or products), the flexible hinge leg members 19 are not in a flexed or bent position. The flexible hinge leg members 19 bend in the distal direction as the septum 6 is moved in the distal direction by a user-actuated pushing force. When the septum 6 is in its activated position (i.e., after point-of-use dispensing of stored one or more ingredients, formulations or products), the flexible hinge leg member 19 is in a flexed or bent position.

Septum Stop

In some embodiments, the dispenser further comprises a septum stop 14 to stop the downward or distal movement of the septum 6 upon application of a user-actuated pushing force. The septum stop 14 is configured to interferingly engage the proximal annular edge of the septum guide collar 12. Referring to FIGS. 1 and 4, in some embodiments, the septum stop 14 comprises the stem of the septum 8 having a greater outer diameter than the intermediate portion of the septum to form a distal annular edge to the stem. The distal annular edge of the stem of the septum 8 interferingly engages the proximal annular edge of the septum guide collar 12.

Septum Support

In some embodiments of the present invention the dispenser further comprises a septum support 22. The septum support 22 in some embodiments maintains axial alignment of the septum 6 in the product chamber 3, and effects movement of the septum 6 downward upon indirect application of a user-actuated force. Referring to FIGS. 17 and 18, in some embodiments the septum support 22 is a ceiling to which the top of the proximal end of the septum stem connects and depends. In other embodiments the septum support 22 is detached from the top of the proximal end of the septum 6 in the inactivated state (i.e., prior to dispensing from the product chamber 3 one or more stored ingredients, formulations or products in a receiving vessel) and engages the top of the proximal end of the septum 6 upon actuation. In another embodiment, the dispenser further comprises one or more septum guides (as described above) to maintain axial alignment of the septum 6.

In some embodiments, the septum support 22 is attached to the outer cap 15 of the spout 5. In one embodiment the septum support 22 is integrated with the outer cap 15 of the spout 5 with the pull open lid (as described below). The outer cap 15 comprises a proximal recess having one or more side walls, one or more outer side walls having one or more inner and outer diameters and a distal annular edge. In some embodiments, the septum support 22 is attached at two or more points to the side walls of the recess of the outer cap 15 of the spout 5. The septum support 22 spans the diameter of the recess of the outer cap 15 of the spout 5, but does not span the entire recess. In some embodiments some or all of the portions of the diameter of recess of the outer cap 15 of the spout 5 not covered by the septum support 22 creates the outlet 16 of the spout 5 (as described below). In some embodiments, the septum support 22 is made of rigid material.

In some embodiments, the dispenser of the present invention having a septum support 22 further comprises an integrated outer cap 15. In some embodiments, the outer cap 15 is capable of moving axially in downward and upward directions. In some embodiments, the outer cap 15 is moved by pushing and pulling forces. In other embodiments the outer cap 15 is moved by rotation. Application of a user-actuated rotating or pushing force applied to the outer cap 15 of the spout 5, moves the spout 5 in a downward direction toward the distal end of the closure device. The downward movement of the spout 5 concomitantly causes the septum support 22 to press upon the proximal top of stem of the septum 8 thereby causing the septum 6 to move downward vertically. Distal movement of the septum 6 moves the end cap 7 in the downward or distal direction to effect release of the one or more ingredients, formulations or products. When the outer cap 15 is in its distal most position, the closure device is in an inactivated state (i.e., prior to dispensing from the product chamber 3 one or more stored ingredients, formulations or products in a receiving vessel). When the outer cap 15 is in its proximal most position, the closure device is in an actuated state.

In some embodiments, in the inactivated and actuated states, the outer cap 15 interferingly engages the outer diameter of the side wall of the base housing 2 and/or product chamber 3. In some embodiments, the one or more inner diameters of the side walls of the outer cap 15 interferingly engage the one or more outer diameters of the side walls of the housing and/or product chamber 3. In some embodiments, the inner diameter of the side walls of the outer cap 15 are threaded, the outer diameter of the side walls of the base housing 2 and/or product chamber 3 are threaded, or both are threaded. In other embodiments, the one or more inner diameters of the side walls of the outer cap 15 further comprise one or more spout radial beads 18. The one or more spout radial beads 18 interferingly engage the outer diameters of the side walls of the base housing 2 and/or product chamber 3 to provide a leak free seal. In some embodiments the one or more outer diameters of the side walls of the 2 housing further comprise one or more base radial beads 17. The one or more base radial beads 17 interferingly engage the inner diameters of the side walls of the outer cap 15 to provide a leak free seal. In some other embodiments there are a combination of one or more spout radial beads 18 and one or more base radial beads 17. In one embodiment the spout radial bead 18 is situated distally to the base radial bead 17. When the outer cap 15 is in its inactivated and upward or proximal most position, the one or more spout radial beads 18 interferingly engage the one or more base radial beads 17. When the outer cap 15 is in its actuated state and downward or distal most position, the one or more spout radial beads 18 do not engage the one or more base radial beads 17. In some other embodiments, the inner diameter of the base housing 2 broadens to engage the one or more spout radial beads 18 to stop further downward movement of the outer cap 15 of the spout 5. In some other embodiments, the outer diameter of the base housing 2 further comprises a radial rim 25 that engages the distal end of the outer cap 15 to stop further downward movement of the outer cap 15 of the spout 5.

End Cap

The end cap 7 is situated at the distal end of the product chamber 3 in an inactivated state. The end cap 7 has a proximal top, peripheral radial edge and distal end.

In some embodiments, the proximal top of the end cap 7 is in mating engagement with the distal end of the septum 6 as exemplified in FIGS. 1, 4, 12 and 15. In some embodiments, mating engagement of the septum 6 and end cap 7 maintains axial alignment of the septum 6 within the product chamber 3 and facilitates movement of the end cap 7 for release of one or more ingredients, formulations or products. In some embodiments, the proximal top comprises a proximally situated recess or septum receiving portion 10 (FIGS. 1 and 4). The end cap 7 is configured to receive the distal end of the septum 6 in the septum receiving portion 10. In some embodiments, there is one or more radial protrusions in the septum receiving portion 10 for sealing engagement. In other embodiments, as exemplified in FIGS. 12 and 15, the distal end of the septum 6 is configured to receive the proximal end of the end cap 7. In one embodiment there is septum mating column located on the proximal end of the end cap 7. In some embodiments, the septum mating column is configured to mate with the inner diameter of the distal end of the septum 6.

In some embodiments, the peripheral radial edge of the end cap 7 is in interfering engagement with the inner diameter 32 of the side walls 30 of the product chamber 3. The interfering engagement is sufficient to provide sealing integrity alone and maintain the one or more ingredients, formulations or products in the product chamber 3 of the base 1 until actuation of the dispenser. In some embodiments, the peripheral radial edge of the end cap 7 and inner diameter of side walls of the product chamber 3 are made of highly polished radial mating surfaces 11. These highly polished radial faces 11 when in intimate contact provide superior seal integrity against moisture and maintain product integrity. Such polishing methods are known to one of skill in the art. In some embodiments, the end cap 7 is comprised of propylene and ethylene materials.

Upon application of a user-actuated pushing force upon the septum 6, the septum 6, moving axially in a downward or distal direction, moves the end cap 7 in the downward or distal direction below or distal to the distal end of the product chamber 3. Distal movement of the end cap 7 reveals a dispensing port 66 at the distal end of the product chamber 3. In the inactivated state (i.e., prior to point-of-use dispensing of stored one or more ingredients, formulations or products) the end cap 7 closes the distal end of the product chamber 3. In the actuated state (i.e., after point-of-use dispensing of stored one or more ingredients, formulations or products), the distal end of the product chamber 3 is an open dispensing port 66.

In some embodiments, the proximal top of the end cap 7 further comprises a tapered end cap surface 9 also referred to as seal shoulder 9. The downward angled tapered end cap surface 9 facilitates dispensing of the one or more ingredients, formulations or products of the product chamber 3 into the receiving vessel.

In some embodiments, the end cap 7 can be configured to include a liner in between the distal end of the septum 6 and the proximal surface of the septum receiving portion 10 in mating engagement with the distal end of the septum 6. The liner can provide a sealing interface and added removal resistance. A small foil disc with materials coated on the outside can be cut and placed into the bottom of the proximal septum receiving portion 10 of the end cap 7 formed to accept the septum 6. In some embodiments, the liner welds to both portions, the end cap 7 and the septum 6 at the septum receiving portion 10 using an RF (radio frequency) sealing process common in the foil liner applications. Welding with this type of liner has several advantages (i) the strength of the weld is very strong such that the end cap 7 cannot be readily separated from the septum 6; (ii) the weld is more targeted (than spin welding, sonic welding and heat stake welding), thus avoiding adhering other nearby portions of the device like the outer portions of the end cap 7 to the base housing 2.

The distal end of the end cap 7 comprises a distal annular edge. In some embodiments, the distal end of the end cap 7 further comprises a flat end surface. In some embodiments the distal end of the end cap 7 is configured to have one or more distal recesses 33 as illustrated in FIG. 19. The one or more distal end cap recesses 33 provide a space for any residual plastic from the molding process to remain out of the way and alleviate risk of the residual plastic puncturing the end plate seal (as described below) if provided. In some embodiments, the distal end cap recesses 33 are situated centrally, flank the septum receiving portion 10, and/or a combination thereof.

In another embodiment, the septum receiving portion 10 comprises two distally located spaces 34 (FIG. 19). These spaces are provided to receive center flash resulting from the molding process of the closure device. The center flash spacing 34 retains the center flash so to avoid interference with, the mechanics of the closure device, and end cap 7 placement helping to maintain proper axial alignment.

In some embodiments, the septum 6 and end cap 7 are configured in dimension such that the end cap 7 is flush with the distal end of product chamber 3 in the inactivated state. In other embodiments, the septum 6 and end cap 7 are configured in dimension such that the end cap 7 sits proximal to the distal end of product chamber 3 in the inactivated state (FIG. 19). The later embodiment is useful for closure devices comprising an end plate seal (as described below). The end cap 7 in a non-flush more proximal position to the distal end of the base housing 2 in the inactivated state improves the radial seal of the end plate seal (as described below) to the distal annular edge of the base housing and/or product chamber 3. It ensures that the end plate seal will attach properly to the distal annular edge of the base housing 2 and avoids end plate seal 67 contact with the end cap 7 itself and avoids sealing the end cap 7 to the base housing 2. In other embodiments, the end cap 7 together with the distal end of the base housing and/or product chamber 3 protrudes beyond the distal annular edge of the closure skirt 4.

End Plate Seal

In some embodiments an end plate seal is used to provide a protective seal at the distal annular edge of the product chamber 3. The end plate seal extends across the distal end of the product chamber 3. The end plate seal is sealed at the distal annular edge of the product chamber 3. The end plate seal may be made from a variety material that are thin and frangible in nature to shear or fracture upon application of a force. In some embodiments, the septum 6 engaging the end cap 7 applies force against the end plate seal causing the end plate to shear and fracture. In some embodiments a foil liner is applied at the distal end of the end cap 7 and distal end of the product chamber 3 to seal the interior of the base housing 2. The closure created by the end plate seal is used to add to product efficacy and provide tamper evidence if prematurely breached.

In other embodiments, the foil end plate seal is supported by plastic across the entire face of the foil to provide sufficient mechanical support to pass common shipping, filing and drop tests and to maintain product integrity. Use of a supporting plastic also allows for a majority of the foil to be intimately attached to the material used to mold the closure device components, such as polypropylene (PP) and high density polyethylene (HDPE) polymers, thereby reducing the amount of foil particulates falling into the receiving vessel upon dispensing the contents of the product chamber 3. The plastic lining also reinforces the seal for purposes of ingredient freshness and product integrity.

Spout

The closure devices of the present invention comprise a spout 5 for dispensing the product for consumption. In some embodiments the spout 5 comprises an outer cap 15 and outlet 16. Other details of the components and features of the spouts of the present invention are described below.

Pull Open Spout

In some embodiments, the closure device of the present invention comprises a pull open spout. Some embodiments with a pull open spout are shown in FIGS. 1-11. The outer cap 15 is pulled up or vertically in the proximal direction to open the spout outlet 16 for consumption. The spout outlet 16 may be closed by pushing the outer cap 15 down or in the distal direction. The spout outlet 16 may be opened and closed multiple times.

In one embodiment, there is a pull open spout comprising an outer cap 15, stem of the septum 8 and outlet 16. These three components are integral to the opening and closing of the pull open spout. The outer cap 15 is configured with a proximally located outlet 16 which is capable of receiving the stem of the septum 8. In some embodiments, after dispensing the one or more ingredients, formulations or products of the product chamber 3 into a receiving vessel, the stem of the septum 8 is substantially flush with the proximal top of the outer cap 15 and in interfering engagement with the outlet 16, thereby closing the spout. After dispensing, axial or vertical movement of the outer cap 15 in the upward direction disengages the stem of the septum 8 from the outlet 16 and opens the spout. Axial or vertical movement of the outer cap 15 in the downward direction re-closes the spout such that the stem of the septum 8 is interfering engagement with the outlet 16 again.

Outer Cap

The outer cap 15 of the pull open spout is the portion of the closure device that can be received in the mouth of an end user for consumption of the contents of a receiving vessel. In some embodiments, the outer cap 15 of the pull open spout covers the proximal end of the base housing 2 and product chamber 3, and has greater diameter than the base housing 2 and product chamber 3. The outer cap 15 is capable of moving axially in downward and upward directions to open and close the spout. In some embodiments the outer cap 15 is moved by pushing and pulling forces. When the outer cap 15 is in its distal most position, the spout is closed. When the outer cap 15 is in its proximal most position, the spout is open. In some embodiments, the outer cap 15 has a proximal top, one or more side walls and a distal annular edge.

The proximal top of the outer cap 15 can be flat or angled. In some embodiments the proximal top of the outer cap 15 has a greater diameter 21 than the side walls of the outer cap 15. The greater diameter 21 of the proximal top of the outer cap 15 makes it easier for an end user to grasp the outer cap 15 to pull open the spout. In other embodiments the proximal top of the outer cap 15 has the same diameter as the side walls of the outer cap 15. The proximal top of the outer cap 15 further comprises an outlet 16 (as described below).

The one or more side walls have one or more inner and outer diameters. The one or more inner diameters of the side walls of the outer cap 15 interferingly engage the one or more outer diameters of the side walls of the housing and/or product chamber 3. In some embodiments, the one or more inner diameters of the side walls of the outer cap 15 are threaded, the one or more outer diameters of the base housing 2 and/or product chamber 3 are threaded, or the combination is threaded. In some embodiments, the one or more inner diameters of the side walls of the outer cap 15 further comprise one or more spout radial beads 18. The one or more spout radial beads 18 interferingly engage the outer diameters of the side walls of the base housing 2 and/or product chamber 3 to provide a leak free seal. In some embodiments, the one or more outer diameters of the side walls of the base housing 2 further comprise one or more base radial beads 17. The one or more base radial beads 17 interferingly engage the inner diameters of the side walls of the outer cap 15 to provide a leak free seal. In some embodiments, there is a combination of one or more spout radial beads 18 and one or more base radial beads 17. In one embodiment a spout radial bead 18 is situated distally to a base radial bead 17. When the outer cap 15 is in its upward or proximal most position, the one or more spout radial beads 18 interferingly engage the one or more base radial beads 17 to stop further upward movement of the outer cap 15. In some other embodiments the inner diameter of the base housing 2 broadens to engage the one or more spout radial beads 18 to stop further downward movement of the outer cap 15 of the spout 5.

In some embodiments, the side walls of the outer cap 15 further comprise one or more radial protrusions. The one or more radial protrusions are used to make it easier for an end user to grasp the outer cap 15 for pulling open and pushing close the spout.

Outlet

The outlet 16 is an opening through which contents of a receiving vessel move through for consumption by an end user. The outlet 16 sits in the proximal top of the outer cap 15 of the spout 5. In some embodiments, the outlet 16 comprises an inner radial edge. In some embodiments, the outlet 16 is capable of receiving and engaging the stem of the septum 8. In some embodiments, the inner radial edge of the outlet 16 interferingly engages the outer diameter of the stem of the septum 8. The outer diameter of the stem of the septum 8 engages the inner radial edge of the outlet 16 to close the outlet 16. When the stem of the septum 8 is disengaged from the inner radial edge of the outlet 16 there is an opening connecting the product chamber 3 to the outlet 16 to allow contents of a receiving vessel to be consumed.

Stem of the Septum

The stem of the septum 8 is the proximal end of the septum 6. The stem of the septum 8 physically closes the outlet 16 when it is in interfering engagement with the outlet 16 (as described above). The stem of the septum 8 is in interfering engagement with the outlet 16 when the outer cap 15 is in its downward or distal most position.

Spout with Dust Cover

Another embodiment of the present invention is shown in FIGS. 32-34. In this embodiment, there is provided a three piece dosing and drink through closure device. The closure can be configured with or without a dust cover 68. In some embodiments, the spout 5 is oval. In some embodiments, the spout is rounded. One or more formulated ingredients are stored separate from receiving vessel contents in the product chamber 3 until released by the user into the receiving vessel. The core closure function is designed with 3 main components, a base 1, end cap 7, and a spout 5. In some embodiments, the base 1 is configured with more than one ramp lugs 69, and the ramp lugs 69 cooperate with helical spout ramps 70. The spout 5 is rotated downwardly driving the septum 6 down, articulating legs 19 connecting the base 1 and the septum 6 are deformed from an upward facing position to a downward facing position. The inverted or downward facing legs 19 hold the septum in a downward position. The end cap 7 is interferingly fit to the bottom portion of the septum 6 so that as the septum 6 is forced downwardly with the rotation of the spout 5 so is the end cap 7. When the end cap 7 leaves the product chamber 3 the ingredients are released from within the product chamber 3. Ingredients can then be mixed as needed by the user. The user can the turn the spout 5 portion to an open/up position. The septum 6 and end cap 7 remain in a downwardly position, as the spout 5 is rotated up or moved up the outlet 16 is exposed for product to pass through. The closure can be re-sealed by rotating the spout 5 downward to engage the drink port 16, drink port seal 71 and septum 6 top or upper portion.

Spout with Pull Open Lid

In some embodiments, the closure device of the present invention comprises a spout with a pull open lid. Some embodiments with a pull open lid are shown in FIGS. 12-18. The outer cap of the spout is moved downward to dispense the stored one or more ingredients, formulations or products (as described above with the Septum Support). The lid 28 of the spout is opened to unseal the spout outlet 16 for consumption. The spout outlet can be reclosed by closing the lid and can be reopened and reclosed multiple times. In one embodiment, there is a spout comprising an outer cap 15, an outlet 16, a lid 28 and one or more recess spout seals 26 and/or lid spout seals 27. In another embodiment the spout further comprises a lid collar 31.

Outer Cap

In some embodiments, the outer cap 15 of the spout 5 with the pull open lid has dual purposes. In a first aspect the outer cap 15 comprises a component of some embodiments of the dispenser. As described above, downward movement of the outer cap 15 engaged to a septum support 22 pushes down on the septum 6 to move the end cap 7 below the base housing 2 and effect release of the one or more stored ingredients, formulations or products into a receiving vessel. In a second aspect and as described here, the outer cap 15 of the spout 5 with the pull open lid comprises a component of the spout for consuming the contents of a receiving vessel.

The outer cap 15 is the portion of the closure device that can be received in the mouth of an end user for consumption of the contents of a receiving vessel. The outer cap 15 of the spout 5 covers the proximal end of the base housing 2 and product chamber 3, and has a greater diameter than the base housing 2 and product chamber 3. The outer cap 15 comprises a proximal top, one or more side walls having one or more inner and outer diameters and a distal annular edge.

The proximal top of the outer cap 15 comprises a proximal annular edge and a recess 23. The recess 23 comprises one or more side walls. The diameter of the recess 23 is greater than the diameter of the stem of the septum 8. In some embodiments the one or more side walls of the recess 23 further comprises a spout seal 26 (as described below). One or more outlets 16 (as described below) sit within the recess 23. In some embodiments the recess 23 is configured to receive the lid 28 (as described below).

In some embodiments, the recess 23 of the outer cap 15 further comprises a septum support 22 which is a component of the dispensing mechanism. The septum support 22 is attached at two or more points to the side walls of the recess 23 of the outer cap 15 of the spout 5. In some embodiments the septum support 22 spans across the diameter of the recess 23 connecting to the side walls of the recess 23 at two or more opposite points. In some embodiments, the septum support 22 spans across less than the full diameter of the recess 23 connecting to the side walls of the recess 23 at two or more points. The septum support 22 spans the diameter of the recess 23 of the outer cap 15 of the spout 5, but does not span the entire diameter of the recess 23. That area of the recess not covered by the septum support 22 creates the outlet 16 of the spout (as described below).

In some embodiments, the outer cap 15 further comprises an interior spout wall 24 depending from the proximal top of the outer cap 15 that interferingly engages the inside diameter of the product chamber 3. This engagement provides a substantially leak free seal to maintain product ingredient integrity during shipping and storage and a leak free seal during and after the spout 5 is moved downward releasing product into a receiving vessel. The proximal annular edge of the outer cap 15 connects the proximal end of the side walls to the proximal end of the interior spout wall 24. In some embodiments the interior spout wall 24 further comprises one or more sealing beads. The sealing beads are radial bumps that interferingly engage the inner diameter of the product chamber 3. The sealing beads are positioned at various locations and of varying sizes to engage the inner diameters of the product chamber 3 of various sizes.

Outlet

The outlet 16 is the one or more openings in the recess 23 of the outer cap 15 of the spout 5. In some embodiments, the area of the recess 23 not covered by the septum support 22 creates the outlet 16. Contents of the receiving vessel move through the outlet 16 for consumption by an end user. After the one or more stored ingredients, formulations or products have been released into a receiving vessel (i.e., the end cap 7 is moved distal to the product chamber 3), the combined contents of the receiving vessel are able to move from the receiving vessel back through the product chamber 3 and out the one or more outlets 16 for consumption.

Lid

The spout 5 is further configured to accept a lid 28. The lid 28 interferingly engages the spout outlet 16 to provide a substantially leak free seal that can be opened and closed by the end-user as needed. In some embodiments the lid 28 further comprises a depending lid spout seal 27 (as described below) for sealing engagement of the spout.

The lid 28 comprises a proximal top having a diameter and one or more side walls. In some embodiments the proximal top of the lid 28 is substantially flat. In other embodiments the proximal top of the lid 28 outlines the shape of the recess 23 of the outer cap 5 which its underside engages such that there is a depression on the proximal top of the lid 28.

In some embodiments the lid 28 comprises a flexible hinge member 29. The lid hinge 29 maintains attachment of the lid 28 to the closure device to avoid misplacement and enable use of the lid 28 to open and close the spout as needed. In some embodiments the outer cap 15 is configured with a flexible hinge to connect the lid. In other embodiments the lid 28 further comprises a lid collar 31 having a flexible hinge 29. The lid 28 is attached to the lid collar 31 at the hinge. The lid collar 31 has a greater diameter than the diameter of the outer cap 15 of the spout 5. When the lid 28 is open the lid collar 31 is capable of sliding axially or vertically about the outside diameter of the outer cap 15. Moving the lid collar 31 downward removes the hinged lid 28 out of the way for ease of consumption.

In some embodiments, the lid 28 further comprise a tab 30 that extends beyond the diameter of the lid 28 for grasping by an end-user to push, pull or flip open the lid 28. In one embodiment as shown in FIGS. 12 and 14, the tab 30 sits opposite a flexible hinge.

Spout Seal

The spout with pull open lid comprises one or more recess spout seals 26, and/or lid spout seals 27. In some embodiments there is a spout seal 26 on the side walls of the recess 23 of the outer cap 15. In some embodiments there is a depending spout seal 27 of the lid 28.

The spout seal 26 of the side walls of the recess 23 comprise the side walls of the recess 23 in interfering engagement with the lid 28. In some embodiments the spout seal 26 of the recess 23 interferingly engages the side walls of the spout seal 27 of the lid 28. In some embodiments, the spout seal 26 of the recess 23 further comprises radial protrusions for sealing engagement with the spout seal 27 of the lid.

The spout seal 27 of the lid depends from underside of the proximal top of the lid 28. The spout seal 27 of the lid has one or more depending side walls and a distal end. In some embodiments the spout seal 27 is in mating engagement with the recess 23 of the outer cap 15 when the lid 28 is closed. The side walls of the spout seal 27 are in mating engagement with side walls of the recess 23, the distal end of the spout seal 27 interferingly engages the septum support 22 located in the recess 23, and/or the distal end of the spout seal 27 closes off the outlet 16. In other embodiments, the spout seal 27 is substantially the same diameter as the recess 23 of the outer cap 15 to provide interfering engagement with the side walls of the recess 23. In some embodiments the spout seal 27 further comprises one or more radial protrusion for sealing engagement with the side walls of the recess 23.

Receiving Vessel

In some embodiments, the closure devices of the present invention are configured to attach to and provide sealing engagement to a variety of receiving vessels. The receiving vessel may be any container, receptacle, vessel of varying size and shape capable of being attached to the closure devices of the present application. It may be constructed from glass, plastic or other similar material. In some embodiments, the receiving vessel has a threaded neck for attachment thereto. In some embodiments, the receiving vessel is attached to a closure device of the present invention by a manufacturer. In other embodiments, the receiving vessel is attached to a closure device of the present invention at the point of use by an end user. In some embodiments, the receiving vessel has a pliable seal at the land of the vessel opening that can be removed by an end user at point of use before attachment. The pliable seal at the land of the vessel opening is used to maintain product integrity of the receiving vessel. In other embodiments, the receiving vessel has a removable screw cap or such other removable top that once removed it is capable of attaching to the closure devices of the present invention.

Non-limiting exemplary receiving vessels include bottles, other beverage containers, cartons, canteens, stand-up pouches, cans, flasks, glass bottles, and the like.

The type and form of one or more ingredients, formulations or products of the receiving vessel is unlimited. Non-limiting exemplary forms of ingredients of the receiving vessel includes beverages, drinks, infusions, liquids, shots, suspensions, syrups and swills. Non-limiting examples of the one or more ingredients, formulations or products of the receiving vessel include water, sports drinks, meal replacement beverages, diet beverages, energy drinks. The receiving vessel may also contain excipients, acidulants, sweeteners, flavoring agents and coloring agents for easier consumption by the end-user of a medicament, drug or pharmaceutical dispensed therein.

Universal Closure Skirt

In some embodiments, the pull open spout and pull open lid closure devices described above may be used in combination with a universal closure skirt to provide sealing engagement with a variety of container neck finishes and container opening sizes of a receiving vessel. Universal closure skirts are disclosed, for example, in WO/2011/057111, which is incorporated herein by reference. The universal closure skirts (FIGS. 21-29) of the present invention have a proximal top or deck 35, one or more peripheral side walls 36 and a distal annular edge 37. The proximal top 35 of the closure skirt in one embodiment is substantially flat and in other embodiments, the proximal top 35 has a slope of varying degrees. In one embodiment, the proximal top 35 of the closure skirt is connected to the side walls 36 of the closure skirt by an internal rounded corner or fillet radii 38. FIG. 29 shows the outer annular edge of the fillet radii 38. The side walls of the closure skirt have an inner diameter 39 and outer diameter 40. In one embodiment, the inner diameter 39 of the side walls and the outer diameter 40 of the sidewalls of the closure skirt are substantially the same along their respective length from the proximal end to the distal end of the sidewalls 36. In other embodiments, there are more than one of each of the inner diameter 39 and outer diameter 40 from the proximal end of the side walls 36 to the distal end of the side walls 36 of the closure skirt. The side walls 36 of the closure skirt are also referred to as the skirt of the closure device. In one embodiment the side walls 36 are curved to give the closure skirt a generally tubular shape. The tubular shape of the closure skirt may be conical including any tapered or multi-sized tubular or cylindrical form. In another embodiment, the inner diameter 39 of the side walls 36 is curved and the outer diameter 40 of the side walls 36 is angular.

In some embodiments, the inner diameter 39 of the side walls 36 of the closure skirt further comprises one or more deformable depending protrusions 41 of varying dimension to provide a one-fit-many aspect of the closure devices of the present invention. In some embodiments, the deformable depending protrusions 41 are thin, flexible and deformable such that the closure can accept a variety of threaded neck and opening diameters and thread profiles. The one or more deformable depending protrusions 41 provide application and removal torque. In one embodiment, the one or more deformable depending protrusions comprise radial rings 42, helix 43 or combinations thereof. In one embodiment as shown in FIG. 22, the closure skirt has threads on the internal side walls capable of being rotatably coupled to a container neck of a receiving vessel. The threads may be of a variety of configurations and/or helix or pitch. In some embodiments, the helix has a pitch from about 0 degrees to about 10 degrees. In other embodiments the helix has a pitch greater than 0 degrees to about 4 degrees. In another embodiment, the one or more deformable depending protrusions 41 comprise more than one axial rib including vertical ribs 44, angled ribs 45, arced ribs 46, various other shapes or geometries, or combinations thereof. In other embodiments the one or more deformable depending protrusions 41 comprise more than one radial rib, including horizontal ribs, angled ribs, arced ribs, various other shapes or geometries, or combinations thereof. In other embodiments, the deformable depending protrusions comprise a combination of radial rings, helix, axial ribs or radial ribs.

The deformable ribs (e.g., 44, 45, 46) are placed in separation on the inner diameter of the side walls to provide application and removal torque. The axial ribs are compliant through their vertical length and will shear readily from the top wall to provide a hinged deformable member with the side wall of the closure. The axial ribs are attached to the underside proximal top end of the closure for manufacturing purposes. The axial ribs are designed in such a manner that the proximal end tears or breaks away from the closure when the closure is being applied to a container. Attachment at the underside of the proximal top 35 is in one embodiment sharp such that is there is no fillet radii. In another embodiment, there is a small fillet radii where the side walls 36 meet the underside of the proximal top 35 as long as it will not interferingly engage with the neck or opening of a receiving vessel when the closure is applied.

In some embodiments, the depth of a deformable depending protrusion from the side wall can range from about 0.005 to about 1.0 inches. In one embodiment, the depth from the side wall is about 0.040 inches. In some embodiments, the thickness of an axial rib is from about 0.005 inches to about 0.050 inches. In one embodiment, the thickness of the axial rib is about 0.020 inches.

In another embodiment, the universal closure skirt comprises a proximal top 35, one or more peripheral side walls 36, a distal annular edge 37 and a depending plug seal 47. The inner diameter 39 of the side walls 36 is non-threaded and has no deformable depending protrusions of varying dimensions 41-46. In other embodiments, there is more than one spacer rib, and/or more than one thread engagement lug, each as described below.

Plug Seal

As shown in FIG. 20 the closure skirt in some embodiments also comprises a depending radial flexible plug like sealing member 47 that fits to the inner diameter of a receiving vessel neck. This plug seal 47 is unique in its configuration such that it provides sealing engagement opportunities to a multiplicity of neck finish inner diameters. As shown in FIG. 20, the plug seal protrudes inside the opening of a container keeping its contents secure from leakage. The plug seal 47 is designed to have interfering engagement with the inner diameter of the opening of a container neck such that it seals the contents of the container from leaking out and still allows sufficiently low application and removal forces to be readily applied and removed by the end user.

The plug seal depends from the underside of the proximal top 35 of the closure. The dimensions of the plug seal 47 may vary. In some embodiments, the plug seal 47 has a longer and thinner lower or distal lead in section 48 that can be readily folded or deformed out of location providing interfering engagement for larger inner diameter bottles and a thicker upper or proximal radial sealing section 49 for smaller inner diameter bottles. In some embodiments, the plug seal 47 has a smaller diameter at its distal end with increasing diameter moving toward the deck or proximal top of the closure skirt. The configuration of the plug seal 47 can be bean-shaped, angular or other shapes and geometries to provide interfering sealing engagement for container necks with openings of a smaller inner diameter at the lower distal end of the plug seal and interfering sealing engagement for container necks with openings of a larger inner diameter at the upper proximal end of the plug seal.

In another aspect, the present invention provides an improved plug seal shape that facilitates manufacturing. Viewed in cross section of FIG. 20, the improved plug seal is angled in shape, such that the apex 50 of the angle interferingly engages the inner diameter of a container neck. The proximal end 49 is larger than the distal end 48. The plug seal's angled surface (viewed in cross section) interior portion is not parallel to the outer sealing profile. The inside surface of the improved plug seal has an interior shape that tapers away from outer surface. These differing tapers allow the intended angular shape to be ejected from the cavity forming steel without the need for additional steel movement for ejection from cavity forming steel. The improved angular shape of the plug seal eliminates the need for floating steel components to release the undercut from the mold, yet provides interfering radial engagement to the inner diameter of the neck of a receiving vessel to maintain proper seal integrity. The improved plug seal may be used in combination with the disclosure devices of the present invention in addition to other dispensing closure devices.

In some embodiments, the length of the plug seal from its proximal end to the distal end is substantially the same length as the side walls of the closure skirt 36 such that the distal edge of the internal closure diameter is substantially flush with the distal annular edge of the side walls. In other embodiments, the length of the plug seal 47 from its proximal end to the distal end is less than that of the side walls of the closure skirt 36.

In some embodiments as shown in FIG. 20, the plug seal 47 creates an internal spacing diameter 51 that allows the plug seal to bend and conform to varying container neck finishes and diameters. The internal spacing diameter 51 spans from the inner diameter of the plug seal to the outer diameter of the base housing 2 within the closure side walls 36. The width of the internal spacing diameter 51 may vary to provide interfering engagement with varying inside diameters of container necks.

In another embodiment, there is a plurality of sealing beads at varied positions on the plug seal. In some embodiments, the sealing beads are radial bumps that interferingly engage the inner diameter of the opening of a container to close the opening. In some embodiments, the sealing beads can be positioned at various locations and of varying sizes to engage the neck or opening of a container of various sizes. In one embodiment, the sealing beads are of a smaller size at the distal end of the plug and increase in size moving toward the proximal top of the seal plug. The sealing beads work such that if a closure does not go all the way down to engage the top of the neck or opening of a container, then a set of sealing beads engage the internal diameter of the opening or neck of a container to create a seal and close the opening. In one embodiment, the smaller and more distal sealing beads will engage the inner diameter of smaller openings and the larger more proximal sealing beads engage the inner diameter of larger openings.

Spacer Rib

As shown in FIGS. 30 and 21-29, the universal closure skirt may further comprise more than one spacer rib 53 used to provide interfering engagement without increasing radial torque. The spacer ribs 53 are connected to the inner diameter 39 of the side walls 36 of the closure skirt and in one embodiment diametrically opposed which allows the thread to fit in between the protrusions 41-46 allowing the closure skirt 4 to conform to an oval shape. In other embodiments, the spacer ribs are spaced apart from each other. The vertical position of the spacer ribs on the inner diameter is important to provide vertical interference with the outer diameter of the container neck finish thread. The spacer ribs 53 in one embodiment are situated to mate with the inside proximal top 35 of the closure skirt 4. In another embodiment, the spacer ribs 53 are situated below the proximal top 35. In some embodiments, the width of a spacer rib 53 is in the range of about 20 mm to about 28 mm for closure devices fitting about 26 mm to about 28 mm container neck or opening sizes. The length of a spacer rib 53 should be in the range of about 2 mm to about 20 mm for closure devices fitting about 26 mm to about 28 mm container neck or opening sizes. For larger diameter container neck or opening sizes there are, in some embodiments, larger dimensioned spacer ribs. In some other embodiments, there are more than two spacer ribs for larger diameter container necks or opening sizes. As the size of the container neck increases, more spacer ribs provide more interference with the container neck to secure the universal closure skirt and to prevent the closure from disengaging upon shaking.

Thread Engagement Lug

As illustrated in FIGS. 30 and 31, the universal closure skirt may also comprise more than one thread engagement lug 54 used to meet and provide interfering engagement with a variety of thread configurations and helix of varying pitch of the container neck engaged by the universal closure skirt. The thread engagement lugs 54 are connected to the inner diameter 39 of the side walls 36 of the closure skirt and in one embodiment diametrically opposed. In other embodiments, the thread engagement lugs 54 are spaced apart from each other. The radial spacing between the thread engagement lugs allows the closure skirt 4 to deform during application to a container neck. The vertical and radial positions of thread engagement lugs are defined such that they will engage threads on a variety of neck finishes within a range. The thread engagement lugs can be in horizontal alignment or off set vertically and radially to provide optimal thread to neck finish engagement. For larger diameter container neck or opening sizes there are, in some embodiments, larger dimensioned thread engagement lugs. In some other embodiments, there are more than two thread engagement lugs for larger diameter container necks or opening sizes. As the size of the container neck increases, more thread engagement lugs provide more interference with the container neck to secure the universal closure skirt and to prevent the closure from disengaging upon shaking.

FIG. 30 shows the thread engagement lug 54 in radial alignment with the spacer rib 53 on the inner diameter of the universal closure skirt. The spacer rib however occupies different vertical space from the thread engagement lug. The spacer rib 53 is more proximal in relation to the position of the thread engagement lug 54 which is more distally situated. In other embodiments, the thread engagement lugs are not radially aligned with the spacer ribs, and appear in overlapping or alternating positions along the radial inner diameter while still maintaining different vertical space. The radial spacing between the thread engagement lugs and the spacer ribs allows the closure skirt 4 to deform during application to a container neck.

Spacing Diameter

In some embodiments, the universal closure skirt comprises a spacing diameter 51 that provides clearance for the neck of a container engaged by the universal closure skirt. The spacing diameter allows for the plug seal to move as needed for a proper fit. The spacing diameter spans from the inner diameter 4 of the sidewalls 36 of the closure skirt to the outer diameters of the plug seal 47. For larger diameter container neck or opening sizes, in some embodiments, the spacing diameter is larger sized.

Thinning Ribs

As illustrated in FIG. 30, in some embodiments, the universal closure skirt comprises one or more thinning ribs 55 to add flexibility to the side walls 36 of the closure skirt. Added flexibility in the skirt allows the closure to conform to larger container neck diameters and conform to oval shaped container neck diameters. The thinning ribs 55 may be axial, radial, angled, arced, various other shapes or geometries, or combinations thereof. The thinning ribs 55 comprise one or more areas of the outer diameter 40 of the side walls of the closure skirt where the side wall material is thinned enough to provide flexural deformation of the closure skirt when interference with the spacer ribs is created during application to the threaded container neck.

Foil Seal

In yet other embodiments, the universal closure skirt of the present invention comprises a distal foil seal to provide sterility to the inside of the closure skirt and underside of the closure housing. The foil seal spans across the outer most and distal most diameter of the closure device.

Container Openings and Neck Finishes

The universal closure skirt is designed to fit a variety of neck finishes, thread profiles and container opening sizes of various containers/receiving vessels. The container may have a neck or other suitable structure defining the container mouth or opening. The neck may have a circular cross-sectional configuration or some other configuration like an oval or other elliptical, angular cross-sectional shape. The universal closure skirt may be configured to provide sealing engagement with container necks of varying dimension. In some embodiments, the universal closure skirt is configured to provide sealing engagement with container necks having a diameter from about 10 mm to about 45 mm. The universal closure skirt as described above may be used alone as a cap to provide sealing engagement with a container to keep contents of a container from spilling or contamination.

Tamper Evident and Protective Components

It is another aspect of the present invention to provide the disclosure devices as described above that indicate to the end user whether inadvertent release of stored one or more ingredients, formulations or products has occurred and that protects from accidental, inadvertent or premature dispensing.

Fold-Away Truss

In some embodiments of the pull open spout closure device there is a fold-away tab or truss added to the outer cap 15 to straddle the stem of the septum 8. In some embodiments, the fold-away truss can be configured to straddle the stem of the septum 8 in the inactivated state. The fold-away truss can be configured to extend from the proximal top or outer diameter of the outer cap 15. In some embodiments, the truss has an outboard hinged attachment to the outer diameter of the outer cap 15. In some embodiments the truss also has one or more break-away attachment centered to the stem of the septum 8, and between the proximal end of the stem and the distal underside of the truss. A broken break-away attachment such that it no longer connects the underside of the truss to the proximal top of the stem indicates that tampering has occurred. In some embodiments, there is a space between the truss configuration and outer cap 15 and the stem of the septum 8 for ease of customer use.

The protective truss is removed by pressing on the truss in a manner to fold it away from the top of the stem of the septum 8. The folding motion shears the break-away attachment and is hingedly pivoted beyond the outer edge of the stem of the septum toward the outer diameter of the outer cap 15. The truss can be configured to have interfering engagement with the outer diameter of the spout 5 or base 1 to prevent the truss from moving back over the dome.

Radial Rim

In some embodiments, the pull open spout closure device can be configured to have a surrounding structure around the stem of the septum 8, a standing radial rim, to prevent inadvertent actuation. In some embodiments the standing radial rim may be configured with one or more ports or openings to allow easier user access or to drain water after washing. In another embodiment, the standing radial rim is removable. A removable standing radial rim further comprises a pull tab to remove the rim from the outer cap 15 of the spout 5 to provide easier access to the stem of the septum 8 for actuation at point of use. Removal of the radial rim before actuation by the end user is indicative of tampering.

Protective Overcap

In some embodiments of the pull open spout closure device further comprise a removable protective overcap to protect against inadvertent pushing on the stem of the septum 8. The protective overcap surrounds the stem of the septum 8 leaving a space between the cap and the press part such that a reasonable force against the protective overcap does not push against the stem. In some embodiments there is a hinge connecting the protective overcap to the spout allowing removal and reattachment of the cap. In other embodiments once the protective overcap is removed it cannot be reattached. A pull tab may be used to remove the protective overcap. The pull tab if actuated can be indicative of tampering if removed prior to the point of use.

Tamper Evident Bands

In some embodiments of the closure devices of the present invention, the closure skirt 4 has a frangible tamper evident (TE) band removably attached to its distal annular edge 37 that interferingly engages with the neck of an attached receiving vessel to prevent removal of the closure device. In one embodiment, there is a pull tab that when pulled breaks the TE band away from its engagement with the closure skirt 4. In another embodiment, the TE band is attached by one or more break-away tabs such that application of a twisting motion of the closure skirt 4 in a counter clock wise direction breaks the TE band away. A TE band that is not in interfering engagement with the receiving vessel at point of use is indicative of tampering. The closure skirt 4 can be used with or without the depending tamper evident skirt band.

In some embodiments of the closure device comprising a spout 5 with pull open lid as shown in FIGS. 12-18, the base housing 2 comprises a frangible spout TE band 32 removably attached to the proximal top of the closure skirt 4 and/or the distal annular edge of the outer cap 15 of the spout 5. The TE band 32 interferingly engages a radial bead on the base molded integral to the spout 5. The spout TE band 32 surrounds the base housing 2 to prevent inadvertent or premature downward pushing of the spout 5. In one embodiment, there is a pull tab that when pulled breaks the spout TE band 32 away from its engagement with the base housing 2 and/or closure skirt 4. A removed spout TE band or a spout TE band that is not in interfering engagement with the distal end of the outer cap 15 at point of use is indicative of tampering.

Lid with Break-Away Attachment

In some embodiments of the closure device comprising a spout with pull open lid as shown in FIGS. 12-18, the lid is connected to the lid collar 31 by one or more break-away attachment or pull tab. Pushing or pulling up on the lid tab breaks the break-away attachment. Pulling the pull tab separates the lid from the lid collar 31. A broken or removed break-away attachment s or an actuated pull tab is indicative of tampering.

Materials

In some embodiments, the materials of the closure devices of the present invention are primarily comprised of propylene and ethylene materials or combinations thereof. In some embodiments, the material is polypropylene (PP) and/or polyethylene (PE) materials. In some embodiments the material is a high density polyethylene (HDPE). Alternate materials of flexible nature can also be employed like thermoplastic elastomers and others of a lower modulus sufficient to provide flexibility. In another embodiment the dispensing closure device is made with materials that block UV light.

Some additional embodiments of the invention are included in the following paragraphs:

1. A closure device for point-of-use dosing and consuming comprising:

    • a. a base for housing one or more ingredients and engaging a container opening of a receiving vessel;
    • b. a dispenser for dispensing the one or more ingredients into the receiving vessel; and
    • c. a spout for dispensing the contents of the receiving vessel.
      2. The closure device of paragraph 1 wherein the base comprises a product chamber capable of storing one or more ingredients.
      3. The closure device of paragraph 2 wherein the product chamber has one or more side walls having an inner and outer diameter, a proximal top end and distal annular edge.
      4. The closure device of any of paragraphs 1-3 wherein the base comprises a closure skirt for engaging an opening or neck of a receiving vessel, the closure skirt comprising a proximal top, one or more peripheral side walls and a distal annular edge.
      5. The closure device of paragraphs 1 or 2 wherein the dispenser comprises a septum and end cap.
      6. The closure device of paragraphs 3 or 4 wherein the dispenser comprises a septum and end cap.
      7. The closure device of paragraphs 5 or 6 wherein the septum has one or more inner and outer diameters, a proximal stem, an intermediate portion and a distal end.
      8. The closure device of paragraph 7 wherein the proximal stem of the septum has a greater outer diameter than the outer diameter of the intermediate portion and distal end of the septum.
      9. The closure device of paragraph 6 wherein the septum is in axial alignment within the product chamber.
      10. The closure device of paragraph 9 wherein the septum is capable of moving in the distal direction within the product chamber upon application of a user-actuated force.
      11. The closure device of paragraph 9 further comprising a septum guide.
      12. The closure device of paragraph 11 wherein the septum guide comprises a septum guide collar having an inner and outer diameter and proximal annular edge.
      13. The closure device of paragraph 12 wherein the inner diameter of the septum guide collar is in interfering engagement with the outer diameter of the septum.
      14. The closure device of paragraph 13 wherein the inner diameter of the septum guide collar is in interfering engagement with the intermediate portion of the septum.
      15. The closure device of paragraph 12 wherein the septum guide collar is attached to the inner diameter of one or more of the side walls of the product chamber by one or more septum collar support ribs.
      16. The closure device of paragraph 11 wherein the septum guide comprises one or more flexible hinge leg members.
      17. The closure device of paragraph 16 wherein the one or more flexible hinge leg members radiate from the inner diameter of the side walls of the product chamber and attach to the outer diameter of the septum.
      18. The closure device of paragraph 17 wherein the one or more flexible hinge leg members attach to the outer diameter of the stem of the septum.
      19. The closure device of paragraph 17 wherein the one or more flexible hinge leg members are capable of bending in the distal direction.
      20. The closure device of paragraph 12 wherein the septum is capable of moving in the distal direction within the product chamber upon application of a user-actuated force.
      21. The closure device of paragraph 20 wherein the septum further comprises a septum stop that interferingly engages the proximal annular edge of the septum guide collar.
      22. The closure device of paragraph 21 wherein the septum stop comprises the stem of the septum having a distal annular edge with a greater diameter than the intermediate portion of the septum.
      23. The closure device of paragraph 7 wherein the distal end of the septum is in mating engagement with the end cap.
      24. The closure device of paragraph 6 wherein end cap has a proximal top, peripheral radial edge and distal end.
      25. The closure device of paragraph 24 wherein the proximal top of the end cap comprises a septum receiving portion.
      26. The closure device of paragraph 25 wherein the septum is in mating engagement with the septum receiving portion of the end cap.
      27. The closure device of paragraph 24 wherein the end cap comprises a tapered end cap surface on its proximal top.
      28. The closure device of paragraph 6 wherein the end cap in an inactivated position is in interfering engagement with the inner diameter of the product chamber.
      29. The closure device of paragraph 6 wherein the end cap in an activated dispensing position sits distal to the distal annular edge of the product chamber.
      30. The closure device of paragraph 28 wherein the radial edge of the end cap has polished radial mating surfaces.
      31. The closure device of paragraph 28 wherein the inner diameter of the product chamber has polished radial mating surfaces.
      32. The closure device of paragraph 5 wherein the dispenser further comprises a septum support.
      33. The closure device of paragraph 32 wherein the septum support spans the diameter of the recess the outer cap.
      34. The closure device of paragraph 33 wherein the septum depends from the septum support toward the distal end of the base.
      35. The closure device of paragraph 34 wherein the septum has one or more outer and inner diameters, a proximal stem, an intermediate portion and a distal end.
      36. The closure device of paragraph 35 wherein the proximal stem, intermediate portion of the septum and distal end of the septum have substantially the same outer diameter.
      37. The closure device of paragraph 32 wherein the dispenser further comprises an outer cap of the spout.
      38. The closure device of paragraph 1 wherein the spout comprises an outer cap and outlet.
      39. The closure device of paragraph 38 wherein the outer cap is capable of moving axially in proximal and distal directions.
      40. The closure device of paragraph 3 wherein the spout comprises an outer cap, outlet and stem of the septum.
      41. The closure device of paragraph 40 wherein the outer cap has a proximal top, one or more side walls having one or more inner and outer diameters and a distal annular edge.
      42. The closure device of paragraph 41 wherein the one or more inner diameters of the side wall of the outer cap interferingly engages one or more of the outer diameters of the side wall of the product chamber.
      43. The closure device of paragraph 42 wherein the one or more inner diameters of the side wall of the outer cap comprises one or more spout radial beads for interfering engagement of the one or more outer diameters of the side wall of the product chamber, the one or more outer diameters of the side wall of the product chamber comprises one or more base radial beads for interfering engagement of the one or more inner diameters of the side wall of the outer cap, or there is a combination thereof.
      44. The closure device of paragraph 43 wherein the one or more spout radial beads are distal to the one or more base radial beads.
      45. The closure device of paragraph 44 wherein the outer cap is capable of moving axially in proximal and distal directions.
      46. The closure device of paragraph 45 wherein the one or more spout radial beads interferingly engage the one or more base radial beads when the outer cap is in its proximal most position.
      47. The closure device of paragraph 46 wherein the spout is open.
      48. The closure device of paragraph 7 wherein the spout comprises an outer cap, outlet and stem of the septum.
      49. The closure device of paragraph 48 wherein the proximal top of the outer cap comprises an outlet having an inner radial edge.
      50. The closure device of paragraph 49 wherein the outlet interferingly engages the stem of the septum.
      51. The closure device of paragraph 50 wherein the inner radial edge of the outlet engages the outer diameter of the stem of the septum.
      52. The closure device of paragraph 51 wherein the outlet is closed.
      53. The closure device of paragraph 39 wherein the outlet is closed when the outer cap is in its distal most position.
      54. The closure device of paragraph 39 wherein the outlet is open when the outer cap is in its proximal most position.
      55. The closure device of paragraph 1 wherein the spout comprises an outer cap, one or more outlets, a lid and one or more spout seals.
      56. The closure device of paragraph 55 wherein the outer cap is capable of moving axially in proximal and distal directions.
      57. The closure device of paragraph 56, wherein the outer cap of the spout further comprises a tamper evident band.
      58. The closure device of paragraph 3 wherein the spout comprises an outer cap, one or more outlets, a lid and one or more spout seals.
      59. The closure device of paragraph 58 wherein the outer cap has a proximal top, one or more side walls having one or more inner and outer diameters, and a distal annular edge.
      60. The closure device of paragraph 59 wherein the inner diameter of the side wall of the outer cap interferingly engages the outer diameter of the side wall of the product chamber.
      61. The closure device of paragraph 60 wherein the inner diameter of the side wall of the outer cap comprises one or more spout radial beads for interfering engagement of the outer diameter of the side wall of the product chamber, the outer diameter of the side wall of the product chamber comprises one or more base radial beads for interfering engagement of the inner diameter of the side wall of the outer cap, or there is a combination thereof.
      62. The closure device of paragraph 61 wherein the one or more spout radial beads are distal to the one or more base radial beads.
      63. The closure device of paragraph 62 wherein the outer cap is capable of moving axially in proximal and distal directions.
      64. The closure device of paragraph 63 wherein the one or more spout radial beads interferingly engage the one or more base radial beads when the outer cap is in its proximal most position.
      65. The closure device of paragraph 64 wherein the one or more ingredients of the product chamber are dispensed.
      66. The closure device of paragraph 60 wherein the inner diameter of the side wall of the outer spout is threaded.
      67. The closure device of paragraph 65 wherein the spout is capable of moving axially in proximal and distal directions by rotation.
      68. The closure device of paragraph 59 wherein the outer cap further comprises an interior spout wall depending from the proximal top of the outer cap that interferingly engages the inside diameter of the product chamber.

69. The closure device of paragraph 68 wherein the proximal top of the outer cap comprises a proximal annular edge connecting the side wall to the interior spout wall.

70. The closure device of paragraph 68 wherein the interior spout wall comprises one or more sealing beads.
71. The closure device of paragraph 59 wherein the proximal top of the outer cap comprises a recess.
72. The closure device of paragraph 71 wherein the one or more outlets sit within the recess.
73. The closure device of paragraph 71 wherein the recess is configured to receive the lid.
74. The closure device of paragraph 71 wherein the recess comprises one or more side walls.
75. The closure device of paragraph 74 wherein the one or more side walls of the recess comprise a spout seal.
76. The closure device of paragraph 74 wherein the recess is configured to receive the lid.
77. The closure device of paragraph 76 wherein the lid comprises a proximal top and one or more side walls.
78. The closure device of paragraph 77 wherein the lid further comprises a spout seal depending from the proximal top of the lid.
79. The closure device of paragraph 78 wherein the spout seal of the lid interferingly engages the spout seal of the recess of the outer cap when the lid is in the closed position.
80. The closure device of paragraph 77 wherein the lid is hinged to open and close.
81. The closure device of paragraph 80 wherein the lid is attached to a lid collar by a flexible hinge.
82. The closure device of paragraph 81 wherein the lid collar is in interfering engagement with the outer diameter of the side wall of the outer cap.
83. The closure device of paragraph 82 wherein the lid collar is capable of moving axially in proximal and distal directions about the outer cap.
84. The closure device of paragraph 4 wherein the closure skirt comprises a proximal top, one or more peripheral side walls having an inner and outer diameter, a distal annular edge and one or more deformable protrusions depending from the inner diameter of the side walls.
85. The closure device of paragraph 84 wherein the proximal top of the closure skirt connects to the outer diameter of the product chamber and has a greater circumference than the product chamber.
86. The closure device of paragraph 84 wherein the distal annular edge of the closure skirt extends beyond the distal annular edge of the product chamber.
87. The closure device of paragraph 84 wherein the one or more deformable protrusions of the closure skirt comprise a radial protrusion, an axial protrusion, an angled protrusion, or combinations thereof.
88. The closure device of paragraph 87 wherein the one or more deformable radial protrusions comprise one or more deformable rings, helix or combinations thereof.
89. The closure device of paragraph 87 wherein the deformable axial protrusion comprises more than one deformable vertical rib, angled rib, arced rib or combinations thereof
90. The closure device of paragraph 87 wherein the deformable radial protrusion comprises more than one deformable horizontal rib.
91. The closure device of paragraph 4 further comprising a plug seal depending from the proximal top.
92. The closure device of paragraph 91 wherein the plug seal has a proximal end, intermediate portion and distal end.
93. The closure device of paragraph 92 wherein the plug seal has a thicker proximal end than distal end.
94. The closure device of paragraph 93 wherein the plug seal is angled having an inner and outer surface.
95. The closure device of paragraph 94 wherein the apex of the outer angle surface interferingly engages the inner diameter of the opening or neck of a receiving vessel.
96. The closure device of paragraph 94 wherein the angled inner surface is not parallel to the outer angled surface.
97. The closure device of paragraph 84, further comprising more than one spacer rib.
98. The closure device of paragraph 97, further comprising a spacer diameter spanning from the inner diameter of the sidewalls to the outer diameter of the plug seal.
99. The closure device of paragraph 84, further comprising one or more thinning ribs on the outer diameter of the side walls.
100. The closure device of paragraph 99, wherein the thinning ribs run axially, radially, arced, angled or combinations thereof.
101. The closure device of paragraph 84, further comprising more than one thread engagement lug.
102. The closure device of paragraph 84, wherein the closure skirt further comprises a tamper evident band.
103. The closure device of paragraph 1 further comprising a receiving vessel.
104. The closure device of paragraph 103 wherein the receiving vessel stores one or more ingredients.

Methods of Dispensing a Dose

In another aspect of the invention there are methods of supplying or dispensing a dose or one or more ingredients, formulations or products comprising attaching a closure device of the present invention to a receiving vessel; dispensing the stored one or more ingredients, formulations or products therefrom into the attached receiving vessel; and opening the spout for consuming the contents of the receiving vessel through the spout.

In one embodiment, there is provided a method for dosing and consuming a dosage of one or more ingredients, formulations or products comprising: (a) attaching to a receiving vessel a closure device comprising a base having a closure skirt for attaching and a product chamber storing one or more ingredients, a dispenser having a septum and end cap, and a spout having an outer cap, stem of the septum and outlet; (b) dispensing the one or more ingredients, formulations or products into the receiving vessel by applying a user-actuated pushing force to the septum in mating engagement with the end cap; (c) opening the spout for consuming the contents of the receiving vessel by applying a user-actuated pulling force to the outer cap of the spout. In another embodiment the dispenser of the closure device further comprises one or more septum guides. In another embodiment the septum of the dispenser of the closure device further comprises a septum stop. In another embodiment the dispenser of the closure device further comprises an end plate seal.

In another embodiment there is a method for dosing and consuming a dosage of one or more ingredients, formulations or products comprising: (a) attaching to a receiving vessel a closure device comprising a base having a closure skirt for attaching and a product chamber storing one or more ingredients, formulations or products, a dispenser having a septum and end cap, and a spout having an outer cap, an outlet, a lid and one or more spout seals; (b) dispensing the one or more ingredients, formulations or products into the receiving vessel by indirectly applying a user-actuated pushing force to the septum in mating engagement with the end cap; and (c) opening the lid by a user-actuated force. In another embodiment the dispenser of the attached closure device further comprises a septum support and outer cap of the spout. In another embodiment, dispensing the one or more ingredients, formulations or products further comprises pushing the outer cap of the spout in a downward vertical direction which causes the septum support to press upon the proximal top of stem of the septum thereby causing the septum in mating engagement with end cap to move downward. In another embodiment the method of dosing or supplying further comprises consuming the contents of the receiving vessel through the spout outlet.

Applications

In some embodiments, the dispensing closure of the present invention is designed to be filled with a first component, and used for storing the first component therein until, and supplying the first component for admixture or combination with a second component contained in a receiving vessel at, point-of-use by end user. In some embodiments, the first and second components may be in the form of a single compound, mixture, solution, capsule, liquid, slurry, powder, tablet, water soluble, water dispersible, or any other containable components, ingredients, formulation or products. In some embodiments, the first component is added to the second component by the end-user. The ability to select from an assortment of pre-packaged first components allows the end user to purchase and store first and second components separately. The first and second components may also be packaged together. The invention is useful for example, to keep non-perishable second components at room temperature, and to keep first components under appropriate, possibly separate, storage, for later addition to the second component. The present invention is useful for first components that are sensitive, like moisture-sensitive or those that interact with the second component by forming by-products that change the usefulness of the combined components, e.g., loss or change of strength or value with time after combination. The closure devices of the present invention are useful for maintaining separation of first components that may require special storage and/or handling until just before addition to a second component, e.g., refrigeration, desiccation, or heating. The invention is also useful for adding unstable and/or sterile components to a second component, like a beverage, liquid enteral nutrition or medicine, for example, adding vitamins or beneficial gastrointestinal microorganisms to fruit juice, milk, water and medicine. Further non-limiting illustrations of how the invention is useful are provided below.

Beverages

The closure device can comprise ingredients useful for mixing with, adding to, preparing, or supplementing beverages, liquids or drinks of various types and uses. Non-limiting examples of some types of beverage formulations that can be prepared using the dispensing device include hangover prevention, rehydration, antioxidants, probiotics, immunity boosting, energy promoting, wellness promoting, daily vitamin supplements, daily mineral supplements, bone health, gut health, beauty from within, skin health, joint health, and endurance, superfruits, superfoods, superberries, botanicals, greens, herbs, extracts, prebiotics, mental acuity, weight loss, nutrient supplements, eye health, carotenoids, sports nutrition, muscle building, free amino acids, workout formulations, relaxation, anti-stress, diabetic safe, heart health, good circulation, performance, and recovery.

In one embodiment the closure device comprises ingredients to prepare reduced calorie beverages. In some embodiments, the beverages will comprise a non-nutritive sweetener, such as, for example, erythritol, D-tagatose, or one or more steviosides. In various aspects of the invention, the one or more steviosides are selected from the group consisting of Stevioside, Rebaudioside A, Rebaudioside B, Rebaudioside C, Dulcoside A, Rubusoside, Steviolbioside, transglucosylation derivatives thereof, Stevia extract, and combinations thereof. In certain embodiments the steviosides comprises a Stevia extract. In some embodiments, non-nutritive sweeteners are selected from aspartame, acesulfame salts, saccharins, cyclamates, sucralose, alitame, neotame, steviosides, glycyrrhizin, Lo Han Guo, neohesperidin dihydrochalcone, monatin, monellin, thaumatin, and brazzein, and the sugar alcohol is selected from sorbitol, mannitol, lactitol, maltitol, xylitol, erythritol and combinations thereof.

The types of beverages suitable for use with the closure devices of the present invention include but are not limited to soft drinks, coffee beverages, tea beverages, powdered soft drinks, liquid concentrates, flavored waters, enhanced waters, fruit juice and fruit juice flavored drinks, and sport drinks.

It is possible to include any other ingredients typically used in reduced-calorie beverages in the closure devices of the present invention. For example, it is possible to include, without limitation, acidulants, flavors, soluble low-calorie fibers such as polydextrose, Fibersol, arabinogalactan, chitosan, chitin, xanthan, pectin, cellulosics, konjac, gum arabic, modified starch, soy fiber, inulin, inulose, hydrolyzed guar, guar gum, beta-glucan, carageenan, locust bean gum, alginate, polyglycol alginate, foam stabilizing agents such as yucca or yucca/quillaia extracts, salts such as sodium, calcium and potassium chlorides, food grade surfactants such as monoglycerides, diglycerides, lecithin and fractions thereof, and synthetic surfactants such as Tweens, Spans, diacetyltartaric esters, citric acid esters, etc.

Nutritive sweeteners can also be included in addition to, or in place of non-nutritive sweeteners. A “nutritive” sweetener is one which provides significant caloric content in typical usage amounts, i.e., more than about 4 calories per gram of dry weight. Such sweeteners include, without limitation, fructose, sucrose, dextrose, maltose, trehalose, rhamnose, corn syrups and fructo-oligosaccharides.

In another embodiment, closure device can comprise ingredients useful for energy drinks or health beverages. Such ingredients can include, for example, free amino acids, vitamins, minerals and trace elements, electrolytes, simple and complex carbohydrates, and flavoring aids. Amino acids that are useful can include L-isoleucine, L-leucine, L-valine, L-lysine, L-methionine, L-phenylalanine, L-threonine, and L-tryptophan, L-alanine, L-arginine, L-aspartic acid, L-glutamic acid, L-aminoacetic acid, L-histidine, L-proline, L-serine, L-tyrosine, and L-cysteine. Nutrient factors such as vitamins and similar compounds, can be included, specifically vitamin A, vitamin D3, vitamin C, vitamin E, folic acid, thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B6, vitamin B12, biotin, pantothenic acid, and vitamin K1. Exemplary electrolytes include sodium, potassium, magnesium and calcium. Suitable sources of the electrolytes include, but are not limited to, sodium chloride, potassium phosphate, potassium citrate, magnesium succinate and calcium pantothenate.

In another embodiment, the closure device can comprise ingredients useful for energy drinks or health beverages. Such ingredients can include, for example, Resveratrol, Macqui Berry, herbal extracts, hibiscus, chamomile, superfruit extract, superberry extract, iron, superfood extracts, super berry, super fruit, super foods, hyaluronic acid, hydroxy proline, alpha lipoic acid, ginseng, ginkgo, herbs, glucosamine, chondroitin, Omega 3, Omega 6, Omega 9, fatty acids, DHA, EPA, CLA, fruit flavors, exotic flavors. This could include hydrophobic ingredients made into suspensions, dispersions or made water soluble.

The ingredients may also include minerals and trace elements, including iron, magnesium, copper, zinc, manganese, selenium, molybdenum, chromium, and iodide.

These ingredients can also include carbohydrates which serve as one of the principal caloric sources, in addition to the branched-chain amino acids. The carbohydrate content of the composition can be a combination of simple and complex saccharides. The simple sugars, or monosaccharides, may be glucose, trehalose, dextrose, fructose, or corn syrup. The disaccharide can be sucrose, but other disaccharides may be used. Complex carbohydrates include polyglucose and malto-dextrin. The flavoring aids may be any conventional flavoring aids that provide a pleasant-tasting composition when combined with the remainder of the ingredients. Conventional flavoring aids include sweeteners as described herein or natural or artificial grape, cherry, lemon, lime, punch, root beer, orange, grapefruit, strawberry, and other flavorings. The suitability of any particular flavoring aid in any particular composition of the present invention may be readily ascertained by means of a simple taste test.

Another embodiment of the closure device of the present invention is a storage and delivery system comprising a hangover protection formulation to admix with a liquid, resulting in a hangover preventative or hangover ameliorating beverage.

In one embodiment, there is provided a dispensing device of the present invention and one or more of following ingredient components selected from: ingredients for rehydration, electrolytes, vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, herbs, anti-hangover ingredients, energy components, detoxification components, or combinations thereof. In one embodiment, there is provided 1 a dispensing device of the present invention and one or more detoxification components, one or more rehydration ingredients and one or more ingredients to restore electrolyte balance. In another embodiment, the dispensing device of the present invention comprises an anti-hangover formulation comprising an ingredient selected from the group consisting of one or more B vitamins, one or more energy components, one or more electrolytes, and combinations thereof. In some embodiments, the anti-hangover formulation further comprises ingredients selected from the group consisting of flavoring agents, sweetening agents, acidulants, coloring agents and combinations thereof.

In some embodiments the anti-hangover ingredients comprise one or more components having preventative effects against at least one symptom of excess alcohol consumption, including headache, dizziness, nausea, dehydration, fatigue, cotton mouth, stress, bad mood, poor appearance, or poor health. Non-limiting examples of the one or more components having preventative effects against at least one symptom of excess alcohol consumption include, for example, glucarate, a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, or enantiomer thereof or a derivative thereof selected from a group consisting of d-glucaro-1,4-lactone, d-glucuronolactone, d-glucaro-6,3-lactone, d-glucuronic acid gamma lactone, and d-glucurone, calcium glucarate, potassium glucarate, magnesium glucarate, zinc glucarate, and ferrous glucarate, glucaric acid, glucuronolactone, milk thistle extract and glutathione.

B vitamins include, for example, Vitamin B1 (thiamine), Vitamin B2 (riboflavin), Vitamin B3 (niacin or niacinamide, sometimes also known as vitamin PP), Vitamin B5 (pantothenic acid), Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine, pyridoxal, or pyridoxamine, or pyridoxine hydrochloride), Vitamin B7 (biotin), Vitamin B9 (folic acid), Vitamin B12 (various cobalamins; commonly cyanocobalamin).

Non-limiting examples of one or more energy components include, for example, caffeine, carbohydrates such as sugars-glucose, amino acids-proteins, fatty acids, choline, ginkgo biloba, L-glutamine, caffeine, ginseng, inositol, B vitamins, vitamin C, CoQ10, carnitine, ashwarghanda, Essentra, Sendera, Sensoril, taurine, glucuronolactone, guarana, tea, ribose, NADH, and other energy boosting drink ingredients.

Electrolytes include, for example, sodium, magnesium, potassium, phosphorous in elemental and organic acid forms e.g., magnesium citrate, magnesium chloride, potassium chloride, monopotassium phosphate.

Non-limiting examples of vitamins include one or more of B vitamins, vitamin C, vitamin D, vitamin A, vitamin E, or combinations thereof.

Minerals include for example, one or more of forms of zinc, magnesium, potassium, sodium, calcium in all elemental and organic acid fauns.

Antioxidants include, for example, one or more berry extracts, anthocyanins, grape seed oil, catechins, polyphenols, green coffee, green tea, matcha tea, b vitamins, CoQ10, vitamin C, zinc, vitamin E, or combinations thereof.

In some embodiments, the weight of the anti-hangover composition that is housed in the closure device is about 350-1500 mg, about 500-1250 mg, about 750-1000 mg, or about 800-900 mg and comprises about 0.1-5% by weight of B vitamins, about 2-25% by weight of an energy component, about 0.5-25% by weight of glucarate, a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, or enantiomer thereof or a derivative thereof, and about 40-95% by weight of electrolytes.

In some embodiments, the anti-hangover formulation comprises about 1-3% by weight of B vitamins, about 5-15% by weight of an energy component, about 3.0-15% by weight of glucarate, a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, or enantiomer thereof or a derivative thereof, and about 55-90% by weight of electrolytes. In some embodiments, the anti-hangover formulation comprises about 1-2% by weight of B vitamins, about 10-15% by weight of an energy component, about 5.0-10% by weight of glucarate, a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, or enantiomer thereof or a derivative thereof, and about 75-85% by weight of electrolytes.

In some embodiments, the B vitamins comprise about 1-3% by weight. In some embodiments, Vitamin B2 is present in an amount ranging from about 0.01-0.5% by weight, Vitamin B3 is present in an amount ranging from about 0.1-1% by weight, Vitamin B6 is present in an amount ranging from about 0.05-0.4% by weight, Vitamin B5 is present in an amount ranging from about 0.1-1.5% by weight, and Vitamin B12 is present in an amount ranging from about 0.0001-0.010% by weight.

In some embodiments, the energy component comprises about 2-25% by weight of the formulation. In some embodiments, the amount of the energy component is about 5-15% by weight, about 7-13% by weight or about 10-12% by weight.

In some embodiments, the glucarate (or derivative thereof) component comprises about 0.5-25% by weight of the formulation. In some embodiments, the amount of the glucarate (or derivative thereof) is about 3-15% by weight, about 5-10% by weight or about 6-8% by weight.

In some embodiments, the electrolytes comprise about 40-95% by weight of the formulation. In some embodiments, the electrolytes are about 55-90% by weight, about 70-85% by weight or about 80-85% by weight.

In some embodiments, the anti-hangover formulation comprises between about 150-700 mcg Vitamin B2, between about 0.5-15 mg Vitamin B3, between about 0.4-8.5 mg Vitamin B6, between about 2-75 mcg Vitamin B12, between about 1-10 mg Vitamin B5, between about 25-250 mg of caffeine, between about 10-250 mg glucaronolactone, and between about 275-900 mg of electrolytes (such as magnesium chloride, potassium chloride, monopotassium phosphate, and potassium glucarate).

In some embodiments, the anti-hangover formulation comprises between about 440 mcg Vitamin B2, about 5.3 mg Vitamin B3, about 1.3 mg Vitamin B6, about 6 mcg Vitamin B12, about 5 mg Vitamin B5, about 100 mg of caffeine, about 50 mg glucaronolactone, and about 650 mg of electrolytes (magnesium chloride, potassium chloride, monopotassium phosphate, and potassium glucarate). The anti-hangover formulation can further comprise the following ingredients selected from the group consisting of silicon dioxide, sucralose, fruit and vegetable juices, potassium, acesulfame, malic acid, citric acid, potassium D-glucarate, maltodextrin, magnesium chloride, potassium chloride, monopotassium phosphate, natural and artificial flavors, and combinations thereof.

Another embodiment of the closure device of the present invention is storage and delivery system to create a fiber enhanced water using either soluble or insoluble fibers (e.g. arabinogalactan, arabinoxylan, and others) independently or in combination with other ingredients, flavoring, sweetening, acidulants, and/or coloring agents.

Another embodiment of the closure device of the present invention is a storage and delivery system to create an immune supporting beverage using probiotics independently or in combination with other ingredients, flavoring, sweetening, acidulants, and/or coloring agents.

Another embodiment of the closure device of the present invention is a storage and delivery system to create beauty from within beverages using ingredients that can provide anti-aging benefits by ingestion of them within the created beverage independently or in combination with other ingredients, flavoring, sweetening, acidulants, and/or coloring agents.

Another embodiment of the closure device of the present invention is a storage and delivery system to create sports nutrition beverages targeting benefit areas such as recovery, stamina, strength, muscle building, etc. Ingredients that can be utilized for such benefits are branched chain amino acids, L-carnitine, creatine, glutamine, proteins, hydrolyzed proteins, free amino acids, and other such ingredients independently or in combination with other ingredients, flavoring, sweetening, acidulants, and/or coloring agents.

In another embodiment, the closure device of the present invention is useful for the creation of alternative forms or variants of existing brand beverages. Such variants include by non-limiting examples convenience forms, travel forms, dehydrated forms requiring only the addition of water, variants with an extended shelf-life, sugar-free forms, and variants with attributes of freshness, efficacy, potency, stability and consistency.

Another embodiment of the closure device of the present invention is the closure device marketed and sold separately and unattached from a receiving vessel needed to form a finished product. This has benefits in lowering shipping costs by avoiding shipping costs associated with shipping water or other liquids while also providing attributes such as freshness, convenience, efficacy, potency, consistency, for example.

Another embodiment of the closure device of the present invention is a storage and delivery system for ingredients that exhibit stability, solubility, and efficacy challenges when exposed to water or other liquids. Non-limiting examples of such ingredients include Glisodin (poor solubility and stability over time in water), probiotics (poor shelf life when exposed to water activity), and CoQ10 (poor stability and solubility over time in water). Another embodiment of the closure device of the present invention is a storage and delivery device useful to for storing flavors and/or active ingredients for later introduction to dairy or dairy alternative beverages. This embodiment of the disclosure device facilitates introduction of ingredients and flavor systems that will not survive heat of pasteurization, and allows for marketing of multiple flavors and ingredient solutions without the expense and scheduling of adding such flavors and ingredients directly to the manufacturing line.

Another embodiment of the closure device of the present invention is a storage and delivery device useful for storing flavors and/or active ingredients for later introduction to alcohol beverage. This embodiment of the closure device facilitates introduction of ingredients and flavor systems that will not survive alcohol processing or that which exhibit poor long term solubility or stability in alcohol. This embodiment would also allow for marketing of multiple flavors and ingredient solutions without the expense and scheduling of adding such flavors and ingredients directly to the manufacturing line.

Medicines

The closure devices of the present invention are useful for supplying a predetermined measured dose of liquid, water soluble, water dispersible, and water suspension pharmaceutical drugs and OTC medications. In one embodiment, the closure device is a storage and delivery system for dosing medicine in admixture with a liquid for ease of consumption independently or in combination with other ingredients, flavoring, sweetening, acidulants, and/or coloring agents. In another embodiment, the closure device is a storage and delivery system for combining a first medicinal component to a second medicinal component and/or pharmaceutical carrier independently or in combination with other ingredients, flavoring, sweetening, acidulants, and/or coloring agents at prescribed or desired point-of-use such that the efficacy of the medicinal component is maintained. In one embodiment, the end-user combines the first and second components together. In another embodiment, a pharmacist or like technician combines the first and second components for use by the end-user. In one embodiment, there is a closure device comprising amoxicillin in a concentrated liquid form for eventual dissolving in water to be used in place of other forms of the medicine.

Medical, Lab and Field Test Use

The closure devices of the present invention are useful for providing a measured dose of a reactant, reagent, antibody for admixture with a substance, chemicals or sample, including environmental, biologic, organic, chemical, inorganic samples, to provide a quantitative or qualitative analysis, color metric, test result, litmus or assay of itself, the sample or a third material in the substance or sample.

Potable Water

The closure devices of the present invention can comprise ingredients useful for mixing with or adding to dirty water to prepare potable water. In one embodiment, the closure device of the present invention is a storage and delivery system comprising one or more anti-bacterial or antimicrobial agents, one or more antiparasitic agents, iodine, chlorine other water disinfecting agents, or combinations thereof, independently or in combination with other ingredients, flavoring, sweetening, acidulants, and/or coloring agents. Antibacterial agents include, for example, chlorine and antibiotic drugs like aminoglycosides, amoxicillin, ansamycins, beta-lactams, carbacephems, cephalosporins, fluoroquinilones, glycopeptides, macrolides, monobactams, nitrofurans, oxazolidinones, penicillins, quinolones, rifamycins, tetracyclines, sulphonamides, drugs against myobacteria and combinations thereof.

Cosmetics

The closure devices of the present invention are useful for the sequestering of materials until a desired point-of-use for mixing with, adding to, preparing health and beauty products, spa products or cosmetics. In one embodiment, the closure device of the present invention is a storage and delivery system comprising one or more hair colorants, bleachers, lighteners, conditioners, moisturizers, or combinations thereof.

Cleaning Products

The closure devices of the present invention can comprise concentrated cleaning ingredients useful for mixing with and adding to water to prepare cleaning solutions. In one embodiment, the closure comprises a glass cleaner or all purpose cleaner in concentrated form in cap for later introduction into water for use in cleaning. The cleaning chemicals that can be dispensed using the closure devices of the present invention can be used in such places as homes, schools and places of business on an everyday basis. Depending upon the ingredients, they may be toxic or safe. The cleaning ingredients can include, but are not limited to, a strong alkali, heavy-duty alkali, mild alkali, strong acid, mild acid, solvent, soaps and detergents.

Reference Characters used in this application:

1 Base 2 Housing 3 Product Chamber 4 Closure Skirt 5 Spout 6 Septum 7 End Cap 8 Stem of Septum/Septum Seal Post 9 Tapered End Cap Surface/Seal Shoulder 10 Septum Receiving Portion 11 Radial Polish 12 Septum Guide Collar 13 Septum Collar Support Ribs 14 Septum Stop 15 Outer Cap 16 Outlet 17 Base Radial Bead 18 Spout Radial Bead 19 Hinge Leg 20 Septum Stem Surround 21 Outer Cap Greater Diameter 22 Septum Support 23 Outer Cap Recess 24 Interior Spout Wall 25 Housing Radial Rim 26 Recess Spout Seal 27 Lid Spout Seal 28 Lid 29 Lid Hinge 30 Lid Tab 31 Lid Collar 32 Spout TE Band 33 End Cap Distal Recesses 34 End Cap Center Flash Spacing 35 Closure Skirt Proximal Top or Deck 36 Closure Skirt Peripheral Side Walls 37 Closure Skirt Distal Annular Edge 38 Closure Skirt Fillet Radii 39 Closure Skirt Inner Diameter 40 Closure Skirt Outer Diameter 41 Closure Skirt Deformable Depending Protrusions 42 Closure Skirt Radial rings 43 Closure Skirt Helix 44 Closure Skirt Deformable Ribs (perpendicular) 45 Closure Skirt Deformable Ribs (angled) 46 Closure Skirt Deformable Ribs (curved) 47 Plug Seal 48 Plug Seal Distal Lead In Section 49 Plug Seal Proximal End 50 Plug Seal Apex 51 Internal Spacing Diameter 52 Plug Seal Sealing Beads 53 Spacer Rib 54 Thread Engagement Lug 55 Thinning Ribs 66 Dispensing Port 68 Dust Cover 69 Ramp lugs 70 Helical spout ramps 71 Drink port seal

To facilitate a better understanding of the present invention, the following examples of certain aspects of some embodiments are given. In no way should the following examples be read to limit, or define, the entire scope of the invention.

EXAMPLES Example 1

A sports cap storing and dispensing closure device in one foam comprises a base having a housing storing ingredients suitable for a sports or nutritional beverage and closure skirt; a dispenser comprising a septum and end cap; a spout comprising an outer cap, outlet and stem of the septum. The sports cap closure device is attached to a receiving vessel containing water. The combined contents of the closure device and the receiving vessel create a sports nutrition beverage targeting benefits areas such as, for example, recovery, stamina, strength, muscle building, etc. Ingredients that can be utilized for such benefits are branched chain amino acids, L-carnitine, creatine, glutamine, proteins, hydrolyzed proteins, free amino acids, and other such ingredients independently or in combination with other ingredients, flavoring, sweetening, acidulants, and/or coloring agents.

While the invention has been described in connection with the disclosed embodiments, it is not intended to limit the scope of the invention to the particular form set forth, but on the contrary, it is intended to cover such alternatives, modifications, and equivalents as may be included within the spirit and scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims.

Claims

1. A closure device comprising:

a. base for housing one or more ingredients and engaging a container opening of a receiving vessel;
b. a dispenser for dispensing the one or more ingredients into the receiving vessel; and
c. a spout for dispensing the contents of the receiving vessel.

2. The closure device of claim 1, wherein the base comprises a product chamber capable of storing one or more ingredients.

3. The closure device of claim 3, wherein the base comprises a closure skirt for engaging an opening or neck of a receiving vessel, the closure skirt comprising a proximal top, one or more peripheral side walls and a distal annular edge.

4. The closure device of claim 1, wherein the dispenser comprises a septum and end cap.

5. The closure device of claim 4, wherein the septum has one or more inner and outer diameters, a proximal stem, an intermediate portion and a distal end, wherein the proximal stem of the septum has a greater outer diameter than the outer diameter of the intermediate portion and distal end of the septum.

6. The closure device of claim 5, wherein the septum is in axial alignment within a product chamber and is capable of moving in a distal direction within the product chamber upon application of a user-actuated force.

7. The closure device of claim 6, further comprising a septum guide, wherein the septum guide comprises a septum guide collar having an inner and outer diameter and proximal annular edge, wherein the inner diameter of the septum guide collar is in interfering engagement with the outer diameter of the septum.

8. The closure device of claim 7, wherein the septum guide collar is attached to the inner diameter of one or more of the side walls of the product chamber by one or more septum collar support ribs.

9. The closure device of claim 8, wherein the septum further comprises a septum stop that interferingly engages the proximal annular edge of the septum guide collar, wherein the septum stop comprises the stem of the septum having a distal annular edge with a greater diameter than the intermediate portion of the septum.

10. The closure device of claim 9, wherein the distal end of the septum is in mating engagement with the end cap comprising a proximal top, peripheral radial edge and distal end, wherein the proximal top of the end cap comprises a septum receiving portion, wherein the septum is in mating engagement with the septum receiving portion of the end cap.

11. (canceled)

12. The closure device of claim 4, wherein the dispenser further comprises a septum support, wherein spans the septum support spans the diameter of an outer cap recess, wherein the septum depends from the septum support toward the distal end of the base, wherein the septum has one or more outer and inner diameters, a proximal stem, an intermediate portion and a distal end, wherein the dispenser further comprises an outer cap of the spout.

13. The closure device of claim 12, wherein the spout comprises an outer cap and outlet, wherein the outer cap is capable of moving axially in proximal and distal directions.

14. (canceled)

15. (canceled)

16. (canceled)

17. The closure device of claim 1, wherein the spout comprises an outer cap, one or more outlets, a lid and one or more spout seals, wherein the outer cap is capable of moving axially in proximal and distal directions.

18. The closure device of claim 3, wherein the closure skirt comprises a proximal top, one or more peripheral side walls having an inner and outer diameter, a distal annular edge and one or more deformable protrusions depending from the inner diameter of the side walls.

19. The closure device of claim 18, wherein the one or more deformable protrusions of the closure skirt comprise a radial protrusion, an axial protrusion, an angled protrusion, or combinations thereof, wherein the one or more deformable radial protrusions comprise one or more deformable rings, helix or combinations thereof.

20. The closure device of claim 19, wherein the deformable axial protrusion comprises more than one deformable vertical rib, angled rib, arced rib or combinations thereof.

21. The closure device of claim 3, further comprising a plug seal depending from the proximal top, wherein the plug seal has a proximal end, intermediate portion and distal end.

22. The closure device of claim 21, wherein the plug seal is angled having an inner and outer surface, wherein the apex of the outer angle surface interferingly engages the inner diameter of the opening or neck of a receiving vessel.

23. (canceled)

24. (canceled)

25. A closure device comprising:

a. a base comprising a product chamber and closure skirt;
b. a dispenser having a septum, septum support and end cap;
c. a spout having an outer cap, outlet, a lid and one or more spout seals.

26. (canceled)

27. (canceled)

28. (canceled)

29. A method of supplying or dispensing a dose or one or more ingredients, formulations or products comprising:

i) attaching a closure device to a receiving vessel;
ii) dispensing the one or more ingredients, formulations or products therefrom into the attached receiving vessel; and
iii) opening a spout on the closure device for consuming the contents of the receiving vessel through the spout without removing the closure device from the receiving vessel.

30. (canceled)

31. (canceled)

32. (canceled)

Patent History
Publication number: 20140312065
Type: Application
Filed: Jun 27, 2012
Publication Date: Oct 23, 2014
Applicant: Liquid Health Labs, Inc. (Deerfield, RI)
Inventors: Robert D. Rohr (LaOtto, IN), Richard A. Laveault (Cypress, TX)
Application Number: 14/127,275