MOBILE DEVICE WITH A FLEXIBLE ORGANIC LIGHT EMITTING DIODE (OLED) MULTI-TOUCH DISPLAY
A mobile electronic device may have a flexible organic light emitting diode (OLED) multi-touch display with a pixel layer and an adaptive layer. The adaptive layer may include a resizable display area capable of being made semi-transparent by the controller.
Latest HJ Laboratories, LLC Patents:
- PROVIDING REAL-TIME, PERSONAL SERVICES BY ACCESSING COMPONENTS ON A MOBILE DEVICE
- MOBILE DEVICE UTILIZING MULTIPLE CAMERAS
- Providing real-time, personal services by accessing components on a mobile device
- REDUCING ABSORPTION OF RADIATION BY HEALTHY CELLS FROM AN EXTERNAL RADIATION SOURCE
- Mobile device utilizing multiple cameras for environmental detection
This application is a continuation of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 14/278,905 filed on May 15, 2014, which is a continuation of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 13/052,359, filed Mar. 21, 2011, that issued as U.S. Pat. No. 8,743,244 on Jun. 3, 2014, which are herein incorporated by reference as if fully set forth.FIELD OF INVENTION
This application is related to an apparatus and method for providing enhanced augmented reality and an advanced display device. An augmented or mixed reality world may be provided to a user based on other user or third party information, such as from a profile. A display device is provided with adaptive transparent and non-transparent portions for augmented reality and any other application.BACKGROUND
Augmented or mixed reality is a way of superimposing or overlaying computer generated information onto a physical or real-world environment. The computer generated information may be visual, auditory, or tactile. Thus far, the computer generated information has been based on first person requests or configurations.
Display devices are commonplace in electronic devices such as mobile devices, cellular phones, personal digital assistants, smartphones, tablet personal computers (PCs), laptop computers, televisions, monitors, touchscreens, digital picture frame, or the like. Currently, display devices may be based on liquid crystal, plasma, light emitting, organic light emitting, or field effect technologies using ridged or flexible substrates. The next generation display devices may be transparent or clear opening new possibilities and applications, such as for augmented reality. However because of the transparency, viewing information in daylight or other environments is less optimal than opaque or darken background display devices.
Therefore, it is desirable to have augmented reality based on another's point of view and a transparent display device with controllable transparency.SUMMARY
An apparatus and method for providing augmented or mixed reality environments based on other user or third party information, such as from a profile, is disclosed. Also, an apparatus and method for providing a transparent display device with adaptive transparency is disclosed. The transparent display device with adaptive transparency may be used to generate the augmented reality environment.
A more detailed understanding may be had from the following description, given by way of example in conjunction with the accompanying drawings wherein:
The present invention will be described with reference to the drawing figures wherein like numerals represent like elements throughout. For the methods and processes described below the steps recited may be performed out of sequence in any order and sub-steps not explicitly described or shown may be performed. In addition, “coupled” or “operatively coupled” may mean that objects are linked between zero or more intermediate objects. Also, any combination of the disclosed features/elements may be used in one or more embodiments. When using referring to “A or B”, it may include A, B, or A and B, which may be extended similarly to longer lists.
U.S. Patent Publication No. 2010-238114 and U.S. patent application Ser. No. 12/706,205 are herein incorporated by reference as if fully set forth and may be used in combination with the given examples to provide a display device with portions that are selectively elevated, indented, or texturized. Also in the examples forthcoming, display devices may adaptively emit ultrasound, ultrasonic, acoustic, or radio waves to provide elevated, indented, or texturized sensation to an object near a display device.
Elevation or elevated sensations describe different sensations that may be caused to an object or person with a controlled flexible display device layer or using ultrasound at a predetermined or random distance from a display or electronic device. As an example, the relative distance of the object may be one or more millimeters to several meters, as desired. Indenting may be a configuration where an object or person is given a sensation around its perimeter while giving little sensation to the inner area of the object or person. Texturizing or texturing describes a process where an electronic device using a controlled flexible display device layer or ultrasound over air to provide, simulate, or mimic friction, pulsing sensation, pulsating sensation, variable smoothness, variable thickness, coarseness, fineness, irregularity, a movement sensation, bumpiness, or rigidness that is sensed by or detectable by an object or person.
Object device 100 comprises computer bus 140 that couples one or more processors 102, one or more interface controllers 104, memory 106 having software 108, storage device 110, power source 112, and/or one or more displays controller 120. In addition, object device 100 comprises an elevation, indenting, or texturizing controller 121 to provide sensations to an object or person located near one or more display devices 122.
One or more display devices 122 can be configured as a plasma, liquid crystal display (LCD), light emitting diode (LED), field emission display (FED), surface-conduction electron-emitter display (SED), organic light emitting diode (OLED), or flexible OLED display device. The one or more display devices 122 may be configured, manufactured, produced, or assembled based on the descriptions provided in U.S. Patent Publication Nos. 2007-247422, 2007-139391, 2007-085838, or 2006-096392 or U.S. Pat. No. 7,050,835 or WO Publication No. 2007-012899 all herein incorporated by reference as if fully set forth. In the case of a flexible or bendable display device, the one or more electronic display devices 122 may be configured and assembled using organic light emitting diodes (OLED), liquid crystal displays using flexible substrate technology, flexible transistors, field emission displays (FED) using flexible substrate technology, or the like.
One or more display devices 122 can be configured as a touch or multi-touch screen display using resistive, capacitive, surface-acoustic wave (SAW) capacitive, infrared, strain gauge, optical imaging, dispersive signal technology, acoustic pulse recognition, frustrated total internal reflection, or magneto-strictive technology, as understood by one of ordinary skill in the art. One or more display devices 122 can also be configured as a three dimensional (3D), electronic paper (e-paper), or electronic ink (e-ink) display device.
Coupled to one or more display devices 122 may be pressure sensors 123. Coupled to computer bus 140 are one or more input/output (I/O) controller 116, I/O devices 118, global navigation satellite system (GNSS) device 114, one or more network adapters 128, and/or one or more antennas 130. Examples of I/O devices include a speaker, microphone, keyboard, keypad, touchpad, display, touchscreen, wireless gesture device, a digital camera, a digital video recorder, a vibration device, universal serial bus (USB) connection, a USB device, or the like. An example of GNSS is the Global Positioning System (GPS).
Object device 100 may have one or more motion, proximity, light, optical, chemical, environmental, moisture, acoustic, heat, temperature, radio frequency identification (RFID), biometric, face recognition, image, photo, or voice recognition sensors 126 and touch detectors 124 for detecting any touch inputs, including multi-touch inputs, for one or more display devices 122. Sensors 126 may also be an accelerometer, an electronic compass (e-compass), gyroscope, a 3D gyroscope, or the like. One or more interface controllers 104 may communicate with touch detectors 124 and I/O controller 116 for determining user inputs to object device 100. Coupled to one or more display devices 122 may be pressure sensors 123 for detecting presses on one or more display devices 122.
Ultrasound source/detector 125 may be configured in combination with touch detectors 124, elevation, indenting, or texturizing controller 121, one or more display devices 122, pressure sensors 123, or sensors 126 to project or generate ultrasound waves, rays, or beams to an object to simulate elevated, indented, or texturized sensations, recognize inputs, or track the object. There may be cases for input recognition or object tracking wherein an ultrasound is provided without detected sensation to the object.
Still referring to object device 100, storage device 110 may be any disk based or solid state memory device for storing data. Power source 112 may be a plug-in, battery, solar panels for receiving and storing solar energy, or a device for receiving and storing wireless power as described in U.S. Pat. No. 7,027,311 herein incorporated by reference as if fully set forth.
One or more network adapters 128 may be configured as a Frequency Division Multiple Access (FDMA), single carrier FDMA (SC-FDMA), Time Division Multiple Access (TDMA), Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA), Orthogonal Frequency-Division Multiplexing (OFDM), Orthogonal Frequency-Division Multiple Access (OFDMA), Global System for Mobile (GSM) communications, Interim Standard 95 (IS-95), IS-856, Enhanced Data rates for GSM Evolution (EDGE), General Packet Radio Service (GPRS), Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS), cdma2000, wideband CDMA (W-CDMA), High-Speed Downlink Packet Access (HSDPA), High-Speed Uplink Packet Access (HSUPA), High-Speed Packet Access (HSPA), Evolved HSPA (HSPA+), Long Term Evolution (LTE), LTE Advanced (LTE-A), 802.11x, Wi-Fi, Zigbee, Ultra-WideBand (UWB), 802.16x, 802.15, Wi-Max, mobile Wi-Max, Bluetooth, radio frequency identification (RFID), Infrared Data Association (IrDA), near-field communications (NFC), or any other wireless or wired transceiver for modulating and demodulating signals via one or more antennas 130. One or more network adapters 128 may also be configured for automobile to automobile, car to car, vehicle to vehicle (V2V), or wireless access for vehicular environments (WAVE) communication. One or more network adapters 128 may also be configured for human body communications where the human body is used to communicate data between at least two computers coupled to the human body.
Any of devices, controllers, displays, components, etc. in object device 100 may be combined, made integral, or separated as desired. For instance, elevation, indenting, or texturizing controller 121 may be combined with ultrasound source/detector 125 in one unit.
Adaptive layer 210 may comprise of electronically or electromechanically controlled polarization filter devices. Adaptive layer 210 may also be any other devices for electronically or electromechanically controlling the emission, transmission, reflection, refraction, or scattering of electromagnetic waves, such as light, through a layer thereby being able to adaptively control transparency of a display. Examples of electronically or electromechanically controlled polarization are described in U.S. Pat. Nos. 7,751,122 and 7,724,441 and U.S. Patent Publication Nos. 2010-171680 all herein incorporated by reference as if fully set forth. Alternatively, adaptive layer 210 may be comprised of a substrate material that can be electronically controlled. An example of such a material may be nanotechnology enabled nanoparticles.
Adaptive layer 210 may be divided into selectively controllable predetermined/adaptive zones or areas of different sizes. A zone or area may be comprised of tens, hundreds, thousands, millions, or any number of scanned horizontal or vertical lines of pixels. The zones or areas may be used for determining when a certain portion of display device 200 is operating in a clear, semi-clear, see-through, partially see-through, transparent, semi-transparent, translucent, or semi-translucent operating state or mode. These states or modes allow a user to see at least partially the environment behind display device 200.
The zones or areas may be used for determining when a certain portion of display device 200 is operating in a nontranslucent, nontransparent, darkened, dark, opaque, or semi-opaque operating state or mode. These states or modes inhibit or prevent a user to see at least partially the environment behind display device 200. Any of the states or modes listed above may be combined in varying degrees in the given examples or descriptions. Switching between different states or mode for an area or zone may be done based on configuration or control information provided to one or more displays controller 120 for properly displaying the areas or zones by adaptively controlling adaptive layer 210.
Having a transparent display device with adaptive transparency provides the ability to selectively see any combination of reality, mixed reality, and normally displayed information with a darkened background. The switching between different operating states or modes may be needed depending on the information being displayed. For augmented or mixed reality a clear, semi-clear, or equivalent state is useful for overlaying, superimposing, covering up, or encompassing data over a real world environment. However, for watching video a darkened or opaque background may be desirable to provide better contrast especially in environments with a high level of ambient light.
Moreover, the switching of different operating states or modes may be done automatically based on feedback from sensors 126 or manually. For instance, sensors 126 may detect the amount of light in an environment and adjust the transparency for a certain zone or area for optimal viewing. Under direct sunlight, display device 200 can be configured to adaptively block sun rays directed towards a user's eyes by making a zone or area opaque or semi-opaque. The switching of different states or modes may also be done automatically based on the information requested to be displayed or context awareness feedback detected by object device 100.
When display device 200 is configured with a mirror like layer or backplane, the device may function as a mirror when adaptive layer 210 is clear or semi-clear. Display device 200 may also be configured to function as an adaptive, interactive, smart, or augmented reality mirror by displaying first or third person profile information on pixels layer 208 when adaptive layer 210 is clear or semi-clear in any zone or area. Display device 200 may also be configured to operate as a mirror and smart display device by displaying video, news, or any information in any zone or area of pixels layer 208 with adaptive layer 210 operating in an opaque or semi-opaque mode.
Image or video 304 is displayed with a clear or semi-clear background. Substantially circular area or zone 306 may be controlled to provide an opaque or semi-opaque region. Although the example has an image or video, text or any other form of information may be displayed on display device 300. Display device 300 may also have circuitry configured to provide area or zone 316 where a border is opaque or semi-opaque while space or area 317 is clear or semi-clear. The configuration for area or zone 316 may be used for a picture frame, theater stage, classroom, interactive blackboard, presentations, trade show etc. where a user or object may be in front or behind area 317 with information adaptively being displayed in area or zone 316 and/or area 317.
In addition, substantially diamond like area or zone 318 may be controlled to provide an opaque or semi-opaque region. Besides the shapes shown on display device 300, any controllably transparent shape may be provided such as a square, quadrangle, polygon, triangle, quadrilateral, pentagon, hexagon, octagon, star, oval, sphere, etc.
Still referring to
Area or zone 310 may also be adaptively duplicated, removed, resized, or converted to clear or semi-clear based on commands or inputs given in the other examples. Moreover, area or zone 310 and/or image or video 308 may be expanded, shrunk, zoomed in, or zoomed out via any user input previously mentioned. As the size of area or zone 310 is adjusted, pixels are adaptively darkened or lightened in response to the size change of area or zone 310.
Elevation, indenting, or texturizing controller 121 may be used to provide areas or zones with adaptive transparency at different levels relative to the top plane of display device 300 providing real texturing. The different levels may be used to represent on-screen buttons, special text, an advertisement, a game related object, etc. Similarly, ultrasound source/detector 125 may be used for providing augmented or mixed reality in combination with the adaptive transparency in display device 300 by projecting airborne ultrasound signals to an object or part of a person, such as a finger or hand, related to displayed information.
Alternatively, clear display area 302 may be inverted or reversed to be mostly semi-opaque or opaque having displayed information and a selected window is clear. One benefit for this configuration is being able to see a person through a clear window in a meeting or office while being able to read content on a screen or display at the same time.
Image or video 320 is overlaid, superimposed, or encompassed on an object or person seen through clear display area 302 for creating and presenting augmented or mixed reality based on other user or third party information. The augmented object or person may also include an augmented background object or scenery 321. Alternatively, rather than being viewed through clear display area 302, image or video 320 may be generated by a camera capturing the real world environment and displaying it with overlaid, superimposed, or encompassed information. The camera may be a separate unit or an integrated device into the display area or pixels as described in U.S. Patent Publication Nos. 2010-321355 and 2011-018850 both herein incorporated by reference as if fully set forth. In addition to image or video, the overlaid information may be text, email, instant messages, audio, music, sounds, etc.
The other user or third party information may be received wirelessly using one or more network adapters 128 in a message from a server, directly from another user device, or a “cloud” based system (not shown). The other user or third party information may also be received by beacons transmitting data close to display device 300. The other user or third party information may be stored and accessed on storage device 110.
The other user information may be based on a profile, a user profile, social networking profiles, dating profiles, any user setting, a game setting, a mood profile, a magazine style, a custom look, mimicking a character, emulating a character, a Second Life setting, virtual Facebook, augmented Facebook, etc. of another user to provide the view of the world onto a first or primary user of object device 100. By tailoring another's environment and controlling their environment new insights are gained and learned from others. The other user may be a friend, relative, stranger, coworker, etc. of the first or primary user.
Moreover, profile settings may exist to adapt to different moods, relationship statuses, events, environments, etc. set by another user or entity. For instance, the another user may be seen by others as a dragon if they are angry, a geek to look smart, or a buff guy to arouse women if they are single. Moreover, the profile may be configured to change the augmentation of a person, environment, or object based on time, days of the week, seasons, holidays, etc.
With context awareness, a profile can adapt based on a detected event or environment. Another user's profile or information may say every tree that is detected by the object device 100 and/or display device 300 is automatically augmented to appear as a palm tree. This action is similar to an automatic find and replace feature. The other profile or information may also control how you see other people. For instance, certain people another person does not like turns into a monkey or devil. The profile may also have settings to augment a background or scenery in addition to an object or person itself to be displayed on display device 300, such as with background object or scenery 321.
The other user information or profile may be received and generated in the augmented or mixed reality world when the other user or an object is detected within the environment of the first or primary user of object device 100 using well-known techniques for text recognition, character recognition, image recognition, video recognition, speech recognition, or voice recognition processed by one or more processors 102 or remotely on a server (not shown). The other user may also be detected in the augment reality world using location based services (LBS) with GNSS device 114. Moreover, the other user may be detected based on a smart or RFID tag detected by sensors 126.
As another example, the other user information may set that today the user will be seen by others as a certain movie star with selectable makeup, clothes, or hairstyle. Another user may set a likeness, face, or character to be played. As another example, another user may set how a certain food or car will look to others.
As another example, other user information may be purchased in a virtual marketplace or obtained for free by selling advertisements on the augmented person or object. Alternatively for e-business, another user may create a custom augmented reality design and offer it to sell to the first or primary user. Moreover, a user may be paid by a sponsor to look a certain way to other users or devices with a sponsorship profile. A municipality or owner of real estate may sell space or objects seen in public to a sponsor to be augmented to selectively be seen a certain way by other users or devices.
Although the examples given thus far are from a second person point of view, the present embodiments may also create first, third, or alternating party augmented reality worlds. In particular with third party information, a user may be able to see an augmented reality version of a show or program. Third party information may also include a gaming augmented reality environment provided by a service provider. Moreover, any of the example information provided above for other users may be provided by a third party or service provider. Thus, the present examples can be used with any narrative mode.
In the case of first party augmented reality profile, the profile may set as an example how a person's house or car looks to them. For instance, a house may be augmented to appear as a castle and an old car may be augmented to appear as a sports car. This may be extended to any other possession or object. The first person profile may then be shared so that others can see their possessions in the same way when present in the same environment and detected by object device 100.
For the case of augmented audio, music, or sounds, augmented reality can be used to play a song associated with another user or object when that user or object is detected by object device 100. The augmented audio, music, or sounds may be included in the other user information or any profile. For instance, image or video 320 may include a selected theme song to be played when the user or object is in the environment of the first or primary user. This example is similar to an augmented reality ringtone or videotone.
As another example, display device 300 can be configured to display an augmented theme, environment, drink, or food in a restaurant profile. For instance, a restaurant may be designed with plain walls or simple decorations to be augmented. Augmented reality devices similar to object device 100 may be handed to patrons when entering a restaurant. Alternatively, an augmented reality capable device downloads the restaurant profile from a server on the Internet or a beacon in the restaurant using one or more network adapters 128. A benefit to this may be that a restaurant has lower startup costs and can have adaptive decorations to generate new business. A similar configuration may be used for a decorated restaurant where the augmented reality enhances the dining experience.
As another example, the augmented reality other user information or profile may include motion, movement, or action based setting. For instance, another user may be able to be seen as lifting objects up when making the motion, movement, or action of bending down to lift a car. The motion, movement, or action can be anything detected by object device 100 and/or sensors 126.
Furthermore, for inputting data to object device 100 for adaptive transparency, augmented reality, or any other application, camera in I/O devices 118 may be used to detect or read lip, mouth, or tongue movement for speech recognition, voice recognition, or voice commands. Lip, mouth, or tongue movement may be detected when the user is speaking with sound or silently speaking without sound. Speaking without sound, speaking with little sound, pretend speaking, or whispering is advantageous since it does not disturb others around the user. Images captured by camera in I/O devices 118 may be processed by well-known techniques by image or video recognition engines in software 108 to determine user input. Object device 100 may use lip or tongue movement primarily for inputting text, to assist with an existing speech or voice recognition system to interpret spoken language, or to determine voice commands.
In addition, data may be inputted or action taken depending on how object device 100 is held based on finger placement to provide a context aware operating system. For instance when object device 100 is configured as augmented reality glasses, holding the glasses like a camera will put object device 100 into camera mode to take a picture. Object device 100 may detect finger placement by having a touch sensitive case or shell. As another example, when object device 100 determines it is outside and moving, the operating system will automatically switch to navigation mode.
As mentioned above, display device 300 may be part of augmented reality glasses, goggles, or a head mounted display having at least some of the components in object device 100. Glasses or goggles are advantageous since it allows hands free operation. In addition, picoprojector 132 may be used to project information based on other user information on to any surface. Sensors 126 may be configured to update the augmented reality environment or adaptive transparency of display device 300 based on motion or rotation. The present examples are also applicable for virtual reality worlds. Moreover, a haptic or sensory feedback glove or bracelet may be provided to augment the feeling of an environment.
Although features and elements are described above in particular combinations, each feature or element may be used alone without the other features and elements or in various combinations with or without other features and elements. The methods, processes, or flow charts provided herein may be implemented in a computer program, software, or firmware incorporated in a computer-readable storage medium for execution by a general purpose computer or a processor. Examples of computer-readable storage mediums include a read only memory (ROM), a random access memory (RAM), a register, cache memory, semiconductor memory devices, magnetic media such as internal hard disks and removable disks, magneto-optical media, and optical media such as CD-ROM disks, digital versatile disks (DVDs), and BluRay discs.
Suitable processors include, by way of example, a general purpose processor, a multicore processor, a special purpose processor, a conventional processor, a digital signal processor (DSP), a plurality of microprocessors, one or more microprocessors in association with a DSP core, a controller, a microcontroller, Application Specific Integrated Circuits (ASICs), Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs) circuits, any other type of integrated circuit (IC), and/or a state machine.
A processor in association with software may be used to implement hardware functions for use in a computer, wireless transmit receive unit (WTRU), or any host computer. The programmed hardware functions may be used in conjunction with modules, implemented in hardware and/or software, such as a camera, a video camera module, a videophone, a speakerphone, a vibration device, a speaker, a microphone, a television transceiver, a hands free headset, a keyboard, a Bluetooth® module, a frequency modulated (FM) radio unit, a liquid crystal display (LCD) display unit, an organic light-emitting diode (OLED) display unit, a digital music player, a media player, a video game player module, an Internet browser, and/or any wireless local area network (WLAN) or Ultra Wide Band (UWB) module.
Any of the displays, processors, memories, devices or any other component disclosed may be configured, produced, or engineered using nanotechnology based nanoparticles or nanodevices.
1. A mobile electronic device comprising:
- a flexible organic light emitting diode (OLED) multi-touch display, electrically coupled to a controller, is configured to display an image, wherein the flexible OLED multi-touch display comprises a pixel layer and comprises an adaptive layer;
- wherein the adaptive layer comprises a plurality of resizable display areas and one of the plurality of resizable display areas is configured to be made semi-transparent by the controller; and
- wherein a depth level and shape of the one of the plurality of resizable display areas relative to a substantially top portion of the flexible OLED multi-touch display is configured to adaptively be made semi-transparent.
2. The mobile electronic device of claim 1, wherein a camera, of the mobile electronic device, is configured to capture video of a current view and a particular user in the video of the current view is detected and augmented substantially in real time by a processor by overlaying images.
3. A method performed by a mobile electronic device, the method comprising:
- displaying, by a flexible organic light emitting diode (OLED) multi-touch display electrically coupled to a controller, an image, wherein the flexible OLED multi-touch display comprises a pixel layer and comprises an adaptive layer;
- wherein the adaptive layer comprises a plurality of resizable display areas and one of the plurality of resizable display areas is made semi-transparent by the controller; and
- wherein a depth level and shape of the one of the plurality of resizable display areas relative to a substantially top portion of the flexible OLED multi-touch display is adaptively made semi-transparent.
4. The method of claim 3, wherein a camera, of the mobile electronic device, captures video of a current view and a particular user in the video of the current view is detected and augmented substantially in real time by a processor by overlaying images.