METHOD FOR PREPARING SUGAMMADEX SODIUM

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A process for preparing sugammadex sodium comprising: reacting a γ-cyclodextrin of formula I with a halogenating agent in the presence of N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone to provide a compound of formula II; and reacting the compound of formula II with 3-mercapto propionic acid in the presence of a sodium base and an organic solvent to provide sugammadex sodium formula III:

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Description
CROSS-REFERENCES TO RELATED APPLICATIONS

This application claims priority from U.S. Provisional Patent Application Ser. No. 62/449,139, which was filed on Jan. 23, 2017. The entire content of this provisional application is incorporated herein by reference.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to a process for preparing sugammadex sodium, a modified gamma cyclodextrin chemically designated as 6A,6B,6C,6D,6E,6F,6G,6H-Octakis-S-(2-carboxyethyl)-6A,6B,6C,6D,6E,6F,6G,6H-octathio-γ-cyclodextrin sodium salt (1:8) with a molecular weight of 2178.01 and a formula as shown below:

Sugammadex sodium (marked as BRIDION®) is a modified gamma cyclodextrin. It forms a complex with neuromuscular blocking agents rocuronium and vecuronium, and it reduces the amount of neuromuscular blocking agent available to bind to nicotinic cholinergic receptors in the neuromuscular junction. This results in reversal of neuromuscular blockade induced by rocuronium and vecuronium. BRIDION® was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) on Dec. 15, 2015.

U.S. Pat. No. RE 44,733 (the '733 patent) describes a preparation method of sugammadax as shown in Scheme 1 below:

Sugammadex is prepared by dissolving γ-cyclodextrin in X2 (Cl2 or Br2)/PPh3/NaOMe in DMF followed by adding NaH and 3-mercapto propionic acid or NaOH/Cs2CO3/3-mercapto propionic acid.

A similar approach for sugammadax preparation is reported in U.S. Pat. No. 9,120,876B2 (the '876 patent, Scheme 2 below). Sugammadex is prepared by dissolving γ-cyclodextrin in PX3 or PX5 in DMF followed by adding NaH and 3-mercapto propionic acid. Based on the '733 patent and the '876 patent, PPh3 is used to produce the intermediate, and a significant amount of side product PPh3O2 is produced. PPh3O2 is hard to remove, and the intermediate is hard to isolate.

Another synthetic route is reported in Chinese Patent Application CN105273095A (Scheme 3 below). Sugammadex is prepared by dissolving γ-cyclodextrin in oxalyl chloride or SOCl2 in DMF followed by adding NaH and 3-mercapto propionic acid. When oxalyl chloride or SOCl2 is added into the mixture, exothermic heat and HCl are produced.

Bull Soc Chim Fr 1995 132 857-866 discloses that halide-γ-cyclodextrin can be prepared by reacting γ-cyclodextrin with MsCl in DMF.

In view of the above, there remains a need for the development of improved processes for the preparation of sugammadax sodium.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

In one aspect, the present application provides a process for preparing a compound of formula II:

wherein X represents a halogen group, preferably chloro.

The process comprises reacting a γ-cyclodextrin of formula I with a halogenating agent in the presence of N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone:

In a second aspect, the present application provides a process for preparing a sugammadex salt of formula IIIa

wherein M represents Na or K, and the process comprises:

  • a) reacting a γ-cyclodextrin of formula I with a halogenating agent in the presence of N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone to provide a compound of formula II:

wherein X is a halogen group, preferably chloro;

  • b) reacting the compound of formula II with 3-mercapto propionic acid in the presence of a base and an organic solvent to provide a sugammadex salt of formula IIIa.

and

  • c) optionally purifying the sugammadex salt of formula IIIa.

In a third aspect, the present application provides a one-pot process for preparing sugammadex sodium salt of formula III comprising:

  • a) reacting a γ-cyclodextrin of formula I with a halogenating agent in the presence of N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone to provide a compound of formula II:

wherein X is a halogen group, preferably chloro; and

  • b) reacting the compound of formula II with 3-mercapto propionic acid in the presence of an sodium base and an organic solvent to a provide sugammadex sodium of formula III.

and

  • c) optionally purifying the sugammadex sodium of formula III.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS OF THE INVENTION

The abbreviations used in the present application are defined as following:

DMF: dimethylformamide.

DMSO: dimethyl sulfoxide.

DMAc: dimethylacetamide.

NMP: N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone.

In one aspect, the present application provides a process for preparing a compound of formula II:

wherein X is a halogen group, preferably chloro.

The process comprises reacting a γ-cyclodextrin of formula I with a halogenating agent in presence of N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone:

In some embodiments, the temperature of this reaction is maintained from 50-80° C. In some embodiments, the temperature is about 60-70° C. In some embodiments, the halogenating agent is selected from the group consisting of methanesulfonyl chloride, bromine, iodine, N-iodosuccinimide, oxalyl chloride, oxalyl bromide, thionyl chorlide, thionyl bromide, phosphorus trichloride, phosphorus tribromide, phosphorus pentachloride, phosphoruspentabromide, phosphoryl chloride or phosphoryl bromide. In some embodiments, the halogenating agent is preferably methanesulfonyl chloride.

In another aspect, the present application provides a process for preparing sugammadex salt of formula IIIa

wherein M represents Na or K, and the process comprises:

    • a) reacting a γ-cyclodextrin of formula I with a halogenating agent in the presence of N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone to provide the compound of formula II:

wherein X is a halogen group, preferably chloro;

    • b) reacting the compound of formula II with 3-mercapto propionic acid in the presence of a base and an organic solvent to provide the compound of formula IIIa.

and

    • c) optionally, purifying the sugammadex salt of formula IIIa.

In some embodiments, the halogenating agent is selected from the group consisting of methanesulfonyl chloride, bromine, iodine, N-iodosuccinimide, oxalyl chloride, oxalyl bromide, thionyl chorlide, thionyl bromide, phosphorus trichloride, phosphorus tribromide, phosphorus pentachloride, phosphorus pentabromide, phosphoryl chloride or phosphoryl bromide. In some embodiments, the halogenating agent is methanesulfonyl chloride. In some embodiments, the halogenating agent is preferably methanesulfonyl chloride.

In some embodiments, the base of step (b) is selected from alkali metal hydroxide and metal alkoxy. In some embodiments, alkali metal hydroxide is selected from the group consisting of sodium hydroxide, lithium hydroxide, and potassium hydroxide. In some embodiments, the alkali metal hydroxide of step (b) is sodium hydroxide. In some embodiments, the metal alkoxy of step (b) is selected from the group consisting of sodium tert-butoxide (NaOtBu) and sodium methoxide (NaOMe). In some embodiments, the metal alkoxy of step (b) is sodium tert-butoxide (NaOtBu).

In some embodiments, the solvent of step (b) is selected from the group consisting of polar aprotic solvents, C1-5 esters, acetonitrile, dimethylformamide, and dimethylsulfoxide. In some embodiments, the solvent of step (b) is preferably dimethylformamide.

In some embodiments, the purification process of sugammadex salt of formula IIIa comprises: c-1) reacting sugammadex salt of formula IIIa with an acid in the presence of a first solvent to provide sugammadex free acid of formula IV: c-2) optionally, purifying the sugammadex free acid of formula IV with chromatograph column or active carbon: and c-3) treating the sugammadex free acid of formula IV with alkali metal hydroxide in the presence of a second solvent.

In some embodiments, the first solvent and/or the second solvent is selected from C1-4 alkyl-alcohols, for example EtOH, MeOH, and IPA. In some embodiments, the first solvent is IPA, and the second solvent is EtOH or MeOH. In some embodiments, the alkali metal hydroxide is sodium hydroxide.

In yet another aspect, the present application provides a one-pot process for preparing sugammadex sodium salt of formula III:

and the process comprises:

    • a) reacting a γ-cyclodextrin of formula I with a halogenating agent in the presence of N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone to provide the compound of formula II:

wherein X is a halogen group, preferably chloro;

    • b) reacting the compound of formula II with 3-mercapto propionic acid in the presence of a sodium base and an organic solvent to provide the compound of formula III

and

    • c) optionally purifying the sugammadex sodium of formula III.

In some embodiments, the halogenating agent is selected from the group consisting of methanesulfonyl chloride, bromine, iodine, N-iodosuccinimide, oxalyl chloride, oxalyl bromide, thionyl chorlide, thionyl bromide, phosphorus trichloride, phosphorus tribromide, phosphorus pentachloride, phosphorus pentabromide, phosphoryl chloride or phosphoryl bromide. In some embodiments, the halogenating agent is methanesulfonyl chloride. In some embodiments, the halogenating agent is methanesulfonyl chloride.

In some embodiments, the sodium base is selected from sodium hydroxide, sodium tert-butoxide (NaOtBu) or sodium methoxide (NaOMe).

In some embodiments, the solvent of step (b) is selected from the group consisting of polar aprotic solvents, C1-5 esters, acetonitrile, dimethylformamide, and dimethylsulfoxide. In some embodiments, the solvent of step (b) is preferably dimethylformamide.

In some embodiments, the purification process of sugammadex sodium of formula III comprises: c-1) reacting sugammadex sodium of formula III with an acid in the presence of a first solvent to provide sugammadex free acid of formula IV: c-2) optionally, purifying the sugammadex free acid of formula IV with chromatograph column or active carbon: and c-3) treating the sugammadex free acid of formula IV with sodium hydroxide in the presence of a second solvent. The acid may be HCl, TFA, H3PO4, or HOAc.

Examples

The following examples are provided to further illustrate, but not to limit this invention.

Example 1

γ-Cyclodextrin of formula I, methanesulfonyl chloride and N-Methyl-2-pyrrolidone were added into a 500 mL 3-neecked-R-flask at 20-30° C. The mixture was heat to 60-70° C. and stirred for NLT 20 hr. After the reaction was completed, the mixture was cooled to 45-55° C. H2O and NaOH were added into the mixture at the temperature. The mixture was stirred at for 1 hr and another H2O was added. The mixture was cooled to 0-10° C. and stirred for NLT 1 hr. The compound of formula II was isolated in 82% yield.

Example 2

3-Mercapto propionic acid, DMSO and NaOH were added into a 50 mL 3-neecked-R-flask at 20-30° C. and the mixture was stirred for 1 hr. The compound of formula II was added at 20-30° C. The mixture was warmed to 70-80° C. and stirred for NLT 12 hr. After the reaction was completed, MeOH was added at 60-80° C. and stirred for 1 hr. The mixture was cooled to 20-30° C. and stirred for 1 hr. The crude sugammadex sodium was isolated and purified as a white solid.

Example 3

γ-Cyclodextrin of formula I, methanesulfonyl chloride and N-Methyl-2-pyrrolidone were added into a 500 mL 3-neecked-R-flask at 20-30° C. The mixture was heat to 60-70° C. and stirred for NLT 20 hr. After the reaction was completed, 3-mercapto propionic acid and NaOH were added into the mixture. The mixture was heated to 70-80° C. and stirred for NLT 12 hr. After the reaction was completed, MeOH was added at 60-80° C. Then the mixture was cooled to 20-30° C. and stirred for 1 hr. The crude sugammadex sodium was isolated and purified as a white solid.

Example 4

3-Mercapto propionic acid, DMSO and NaOtBu were added into a 50 mL 3-neecked-R-flask at 20-30° C. and the mixture was stirred for 1 hr. The compound of formula II was added at 20-30° C. The mixture was warmed to 70-80° C. and stirred for NLT 12 hr. After the reaction was completed, MeOH was added at 60-80° C. and stirred for 1 hr. The mixture was cooled to 20-30° C. and stirred for 1 hr. The crude sugammadex sodium was isolated and purified as a white solid.

Example 5

3-Mercapto propionic acid, DMSO and NaOMe were added into a 50 mL 3-neecked-R-flask at 20-30° C. and the mixture was stirred for 1 hr. The compound of formula II was added at 20-30° C. The mixture was warmed to 70-80° C. and stirred for NLT 12 hr. After the reaction was completed, MeOH was added at 60-80° C. and stirred for 1 hr. The mixture was cooled to 20-30° C. and stirred for 1 hr. The crude sugammadex sodium was isolated and purified as a white solid.

Example 6

The compound of formula III was purified with IPA/H2O/HCl at 40-50° C., and the pH was maintained at 3-4, the resulting the formula IV (sugammadex free acid) was isolated in 60-70% yield.

Example 7

The compound of formula IV was purified with RP-18 silica gel (or active carbon). The resulting the formula IV (sugammadex free acid) was isolated in 50-70% yield.

Example 8

The compound of formula IV was purified with EtOH/H2O/NaOH at 40-50° C., and the pH was maintained at 7-9. The resulting the formula III (sugammadex sodium) was isolated in 60-70% yield.

Comparative Examples

Several other solvents were used to replace N-Methyl-2-pyrrolidone tested in Example 1 above. The specific conditions are listed Table 1 below. Except for the conditions that are explicitly listed in Table 1 below, other conditions and process steps for Comparative Examples 1-3 are the same as those described in Example 1. Specifically, comparative Example 1 was conducted based on page 862, left column, second full paragraph of Bull Soc Chim Fr 1995 132 857-866.

TABLE 1 Example Comparative Comparative Comparative 1 Shown No. Example 1 Example 2 Example 3 above Solvent DMF DMSO DMAc NMP Formula II 5   1.0 1.0 1.0 (gama- cyclodextrin) (g) yield (g/%) 5.3/95 No detective No detective 0.91/82 amount-- amount-- Purity (%) 28.79 N/A-- N/A 93.72 Conversion 27.35 0-- 0-- 76.85 rate (%)

Claims

1. A process for preparing a compound of formula II: wherein X is a halogen group,

said process comprising reacting a γ-cyclodextrin of formula I with a halogenating agent in presence of N-Methyl-2-pyrrolidone:

2. The process according to claim 1 comprising conducting the reacting step at about 50-80° C.

3. The process according to claim 1 comprising conducting the reacting step at about 60-70° C.

4. The process according to claim 1, wherein the halogenating agent is selected from the group consisting of methanesulfonyl chloride, bromine, iodine, N-iodosuccinimide, oxalyl chloride, oxalyl bromide, thionyl chorlide, thionyl bromide, phosphorus trichloride, phosphorus tribromide, phosphorus pentachloride, phosphorus pentabromide, phosphoryl chloride, phosphoryl bromide, and combinations thereof.

5. The process according to claim 1, wherein the halogenating agent is methanesulfonyl chloride.

6. A process for preparing a sugammadex salt of formula IIIa wherein M represents Na or K, and the process comprises: wherein X is a halogen group, and

a) reacting a γ-cyclodextrin of formula I with a halogenating agent in the presence of N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone to provide a compound of formula II:
b) reacting the compound of formula II with 3-mercapto propionic acid in the presence of a base and an organic solvent to provide a sugammadex salt of formula IIIa:
c) optionally purifying the sugammadex salt of formula IIIa.

7. The process according to claim 6, wherein the halogenating agent is selected from the group consisting of methanesulfonyl chloride, bromine, iodine, N-iodosuccinimide, oxalyl chloride, oxalyl bromide, thionyl chorlide, thionyl bromide, phosphorus trichloride, phosphorus tribromide, phosphorus pentachloride, phosphorus pentabromide, phosphoryl chloride, phosphoryl bromide, and combinations thereof.

8. The process according to claim 6, wherein the halogenating agent is methanesulfonyl chloride.

9. The process according to claim 6, wherein the base of step (b) is selected from the group consisting of alkali metal hydroxides and metal alkoxides.

10. The process according to claim 9, wherein the alkali metal hydroxides comprise sodium hydroxide, lithium hydroxide, and potassium hydroxide.

11. The process according to claim 6, wherein the base of step (b) is sodium hydroxide.

12. The process according to claim 9, wherein the metal alkoxides comprise sodium tert-butoxide (NaOtBu) and sodium methoxide (NaOMe).

13. The process according to claim 6, wherein the base of step (b) is sodium tert-butoxide (NaOtBu).

14. The process according to claim 6, wherein the solvent of step (b) is selected from the group consisting of polar aprotic solvents, C1-5 esters, acetonitrile, dimethylformamide, and dimethylsulfoxide.

15. The process according to claim 6, wherein the organic solvent is dimethylformamide.

16. The process according to claim 6 wherein the step c) is conducted and comprises:

c-1) reacting the sugammadex salt of formula IIIa obtained in step b) with an acid in the presence of a first solvent to provide sugammadex free acid of formula IV
c-2) optionally purifying the sugammadex free acid of formula IV with chromatograph column or active carbon; and
c-3) treating the sugammadex free acid of formula IV with an alkali metal hydroxide in the presence of a second solvent.

17. The process according to claim 16, wherein the first and second solvent are both independently selected from C1-4 alkyl alcohols.

18. The process according to claim 16, wherein the first solvent is isopropyl alcohol, and the second solvent is MeOH.

19. The process according to claim 16, wherein the alkali metal hydroxide is sodium hydroxide.

20. A one-pot process for preparing a sugammadex sodium salt of formula III comprising: and

a) reacting a γ-cyclodextrin of formula I with a halogenating agent in the presence of N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone to provide a compound of formula II:
b) reacting the compound of formula II with 3-mercapto propionic acid in the presence of a sodium base and an organic solvent to provide the compound of formula III
c) optionally purifying the sugammadex sodium of formula III.

21. The process according to claim 20, wherein the halogenating agent is selected from the group consisting of methanesulfonyl chloride, bromine, iodine, N-iodosuccinimide, oxalyl chloride, oxalyl bromide, thionyl chorlide, thionyl bromide, phosphorus trichloride, phosphorus tribromide, phosphorus pentachloride, phosphorus pentabromide, phosphoryl chloride, phosphoryl bromide, and combinations thereof.

22. The process according to claim 20, wherein the halogenating agent is methanesulfonyl chloride.

23. The process according to claim 20, wherein the sodium base is selected from the group consisting of sodium hydroxide, sodium tert-butoxide (NaOtBu), and sodium methoxide (NaOMe).

24. The process according to claim 20, wherein the step c) is conducted and comprises:

c-1) reacting the sugammadex sodium of formula III with an acid in the presence of a first solvent to provide a sugammadex free acid of formula IV
c-2) optionally purifying the sugammadex free acid of formula IV with chromatograph column or active carbon; and
c-3) treating the sugammadex free acid of formula IV with sodium hydroxide in the presence of a second solvent.
Patent History
Publication number: 20180208683
Type: Application
Filed: Jan 17, 2018
Publication Date: Jul 26, 2018
Patent Grant number: 10385142
Applicant:
Inventors: ChiaYing Lee (Shan-Hua), ShangHong Chen (Shan-Hua)
Application Number: 15/873,505
Classifications
International Classification: C08B 37/16 (20060101); C07C 323/52 (20060101);