Optimized high performance multiple coil spiral-wound vascular catheter

This invention is a surgical device. In particular, it is a catheter suitable for accessing a tissue target within the body, typically a target which is accessible through the vascular system. Central to the invention is the use of at least pair of wound or counterwound reinforcing members situated within the wall of the catheter body in such a way to achieve a catheter having an exceptionally thin wall, excellent kink-resistance, and controlled stiffness. The catheter assembly desirably is constructed of: (a) an inner, polymeric, lubricious liner, (b) a first, helically wound coil extending over at least the more distal portions of the inner liner but preferably for most of the length of the catheter, (c) a second, helically wound coil exterior to the first coil, located at least on the more proximal portion of the assembly but preferably for most of the length of the catheter, preferably wound in a direction opposite to the first coil, (d) optionally, one or more helically wound coils placed on the proximal and mid-section of the assembly, and (e) one or more polymeric layers variously exterior to the second coil and interior to the first coil. Preferably, the coils are wound from metallic ribbons or wireshaving a relatively constant pitch of from 10.degree.-15.degree. of the central catheter axis. Further polymeric layers may also be placed between the outer polymeric covering and various and the helically wound coils. The outer polymeric covering may be composed of a series of different polymeric compositions to provide suitably differing flexibilities along the length of the assembly. The catheter assembly is quite easy to produce. The helically wound coils may be bound to the assembly via the use of radio-opaque bands or coils and may be continuously wound from a single member. The distal-most portion of the catheter assembly is very flexible but highly kink resistant. Optionally, the invention includes a catheter in which only the more distal catheter section incorporates multiple coil stiffener members.

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Claims

1. A catheter comprising:

an elongate tubular member having a proximal end and a distal end, comprising:
a.) a tubular polymeric inner liner having a passageway defining an inner lumen and having an outer surface
b.) at least two stainless steel ribbon reinforcing members, each said stainless steel ribbon reinforcing members having a width and thickness, one of said stainless steel ribbon reinforcing members having turns spirally wound in a first-handed direction from said proximal end to said distal end exterior to said tubular polymeric inner liner and one of said stainless steel ribbon reinforcing members having turns spirally wound in a second-handed direction from said proximal end to said distal end,
c.) a tubular polymeric filler member between said ribbon reinforcing members and said polymeric inner liner, and
d.) at least one exterior tubing member exterior to said ribbon reinforcing member and in contact with said tubular polymeric filler member through said turns of said at least two stainless steel ribbon reinforcing members.

2. The catheter of claim 1 wherein said stainless steel ribbon reinforcing members have a thickness of 0.25 to 1.50 mils.

3. The catheter of claim 1 wherein said stainless steel ribbon reinforcing members have a width of 1.0 to 8.0 mils.

4. The catheter of claim 1 wherein at least one of the stainless steel ribbon reinforcing members has a pitch which varies between the proximal end and distal end.

5. The catheter of claim 1 wherein the tubular polymeric inner liner is polytetrafluoroethylene.

6. The catheter of claim 1 wherein the exterior tubing member comprises a polymer selected from the group consisting of polyurethane, polyethylene, ethylvinylacetate, polyethylene terephthalate, polvinylchloride, polyamides, polyethers, and their mixtures and block and random copolymers.

7. The catheter of claim 1 wherein the exterior tubing member comprises a polymer comprising a polyamide-polyethers block copolymer.

8. The catheter of claim 1 where exterior tubing member contains a radio-opacifier.

9. The catheter of claim 1 wherein the tubular polymeric filler member comprises a polymer selected from the group consisting of polyurethane, polyethylene, ethylvinylacetate, polyethylene terephthalate, polvinylchloride, polyamides, polyethers, and their mixtures and block and random copolymers.

10. The catheter of claim 1 wherein the tubular polymeric filler member comprises a polymer comprising a polyamide-polyethers block copolymer.

11. The catheter of claim 1 wherein the tubular polymeric filler member polymer contains a radio-opacifier.

12. The catheter of claim 1 wherein the tubular polymeric inner liner contains a radio-opacifier.

13. The catheter of claim 1 further comprising a proximal helically wound ribbon member located proximally on said elongate tubular member.

14. The catheter of claim 1 wherein each of said at least one stainless steel ribbon reinforcing members is wound of a single continuous ribbon.

15. The catheter of claim 1 wherein the exterior tubing member comprises more than one tubing section.

16. The catheter of claim 1 further comprising a nose section distally located on said elongate tubular member and distal of said at least one stainless steel ribbon reinforcing members.

17. The catheter of claim 16 wherein said nose section has a length and a diameter and wherein said length is no more than 10 times its diameter.

18. The catheter of claim 1 wherein said elongate tubular member has an axis extending from said distal end to said proximal end and at least one of said at least one stainless steel ribbon reinforcing members is wound at an angle of 10.degree.-15.degree. of said axis.

19. The catheter of claim 1 further comprising a guidewire placed interior to and in slideable position to said inner lumen.

Referenced Cited

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Patent History

Patent number: 5951539
Type: Grant
Filed: Dec 19, 1997
Date of Patent: Sep 14, 1999
Assignee: Target Therpeutics, Inc. (Fremont, CA)
Inventors: Henry Nita (Milpitas, CA), Lex P. Jansen (Pleasanton, CA), Peter Kyone Park (Santa Clara, CA), Gene Samson (Milpitas, CA), Erik T. Engelson (Menlo Park, CA), Jeffrey A. Sarge (Fremont, CA)
Primary Examiner: Wynn Wood Goggins
Assistant Examiner: N. Kent Gring
Law Firm: Morrison & Foerster LLP
Application Number: 8/995,088

Classifications

Current U.S. Class: Lumen Enforced By Embedded Or Coiling Strands (604/526); With Reinforcing Structure (604/524)
International Classification: A61M 2500;