plant named ‘CDAZ0001’
A new cultivar of Calendula plant named ‘CDAZ0001’ particularly distinguished by orange color with a gold center flower color, single flower form, and mound spreading plant habit.
Latest Syngenta Participations AG Patents:
Latin name of the genus and species of the plant claimed: Calendula maritima.
Varietal denomination: ‘CDAZ0001’.BACKGROUND OF THE NEW PLANT
The present invention comprises a new Calendula, botanically known as Calendula maritima, and hereinafter referred to by the variety name ‘CDAZ0001’.
‘CDAZ0001’ is a product of a planned breeding program. The new cultivar has orange color with a gold center flower color, single flower form, and mound spreading plant habit.
‘CDAZ0001’ originated from selfing a hybrid plant ‘GUC0266-1’ made in a greenhouse in June of 2010 in Gilroy, Calif., United States. This ‘GUC0266-1’ plant was developed in our breeding program, unpatented, with orange flower color, double flower, and overall larger size than that of ‘CDAZ0001’. ‘CDAZ0001’ differs from its sibling ‘CDAZ0002’ which has a deep apricot orange flower and a double flower form.
The resultant seed was sown in January 2011 in a greenhouse in Gilroy, Calif.
‘CDAZ0001’ was selected as one flowering plant within the progeny of the stated cross in March 2011 in Gilroy, Calif.
The first act of asexual reproduction of ‘CDAZ0001’ was accomplished when vegetative cuttings were propagated from the initial selection, this initial selection took place on Mar. 15, 2017 in Gilroy, Calif.BRIEF SUMMARY OF INVENTION
Horticultural examination of plants grown from cuttings of the plant initiated in April, 2012 in Gilroy, Calif., and continuing thereafter, has demonstrated that the combination of characteristics as herein disclosed for ‘CDAZ0001’ are firmly fixed and are retained through successive generations of asexual reproduction.
‘CDAZ0001’ has not been observed under all possible environmental conditions. The phenotype may vary significantly with variations in environment such as temperature, light intensity and day length.
A Plant Breeder's Right for this cultivar has not been applied for. ‘CDAZ0001’ has not been made publicly available prior to the effective filing date of this application, notwithstanding any disclosure that may have been made less than one year prior to the effective filing date of this application by the inventor or another who obtained ‘CDAZ0001’ directly from the inventor.
The following traits have been repeatedly observed and are determined to be basic characteristics of the new variety. The combination of these characteristics distinguishes this Calendula as a new and distinct variety.
The accompanying photographic drawings show typical flower and foliage characteristics of ‘CDAZ0001’ with colors being as true as possible with an illustration of this type
The photographic drawings show in
The aforementioned photographs:
The measurements were taken in Gilroy, Calif. in May 2017 on the plants from the aforementioned trial.
Color references are made to The Royal Horticultural Society Colour Chart (R.H.S.) 2001.
- Form, growth and habit.—Herbaceous perennial or annual depending on conditions. Compact with strong stems and thick leaves.
- Plant height (above soil).—23-28 cm.
- Plant height (inflorescence included).—23-28 cm.
- Plant width.—63-68 cm.
- Number of days to initiate roots.—About 4 days at about 22 degrees C.
- Number of days to produce a rooted cutting.—14-16 days at 22 degrees C.
- Type.—Fine, fibrous, free branching.
- Color.—RHS N155B but whiter.
- Leaf shape.—Narrow oblanceolate to narrow oblong.
- Leaf division.—Simple.
- Leaf base.—Truncate, decurrent.
- Leaf apex.—Acuminate.
- Leaf venation.—Pinnate, color: upper surface; RHS 147D, lower surface; RHS 144B.
- Leaf margins.—Entire, very short hairs.
- Leaf attachment.—Decurrent.
- Leaf arrangement.—Alternate.
- Leaf size.—Length=4.5 cm, Width=1 mm.
- Leaf color.—Young upper=RHS 139A, Young lower=RHS NN137A, Mature upper=RHS 139A, Mature lower=RHS NN137A.
- Leaf surface.—Upper surface is moderately glossy and slightly rough to the touch, very sparsely covered with very short strigose hairs average of 0.3 mm in length and too small to measure color, lower surface is very slightly glossy and slightly rough to the touch.
- Petioles.—No petioles present, leaves are decurrent.
- Stem color.—RHS 137A.
- Stem size.—Length=20-25 cm, width=3-5 mm.
- Stem strength.—Strong and flexible.
- Stem aspect.—Lateral stems grow in an angle of 45° to the main stem.
- Stem surface.—Moderately glossy, sparsely covered with very short soft hairs; 0.3 mm in length and too small to measure color.
- Stem number.—3-5 lateral branches.
- Internode length.—Length=1-3 cm.
- Branching.—Branches grow from base.
- Inflorescence type.—Terminal capitulum consisting of ray florets.
- Inflorescence number.—Average of 1 per lateral stem.
- Inflorescence fragrance.—Daisy smell.
- Inflorescence aspect.—Straight on top of stem.
- Inflorescence longevity.—A few weeks.
- Inflorescence diameter.—6 cm.
- Inflorescence height.—2 cm.
- Inflorescence buds.—Average of 2 per lateral stem, broad ovate to globular in shape, Length=8-9 mm, Diameter=8 9 mm, Bud color=RHS 138A to RHS 145A, Apex bud color=RHS 21A.
- Receptacle.—Flattened globular in shape, Diameter=2-3 mm, Length=2-3 mm.
- Peduncle.—Length=4.5-6 cm, Diameter=1 mm, Color=RHS 146B terminal peduncle is straight on top of stem, moderate strength, surface is glabrous and slightly glossy and moderately covered with short soft hairs an average of 2 mm in length.
- Involucral bracts.—Bracts=18-22, Width=2-3 mm, Length=8-10 mm, Upper color=RHS 137A, Lower color=RHS 137C arranged in 2 rows, lanceolate in shape, narrowly acute apex, cuneate base, margin entire, upper surface is glabrous, lower surface is densely covered with very short pubescence.
- Number.—100-150 flowers.
- Arrangement.—Rotate, 6 whorls.
- Aspect.—Slightly upright at the base, held in an average angle of 30°, whole ray floret near horizontal.
- Ray floret apex.—Praemorse.
- Ray floret base.—Narrow cuneate.
- Ray floret margins.—Entire.
- Ray floret surface.—Upper surface is glabrous and velvety, lower surface is slightly glossy and slightly velvety.
- Ray floret color.—When opening upper surface; Ray florets=25, Length=1.8-2.0 cm, Width=4 mm, Upper color=RHS 16A RHS 4A, Lower color=RHS 15A.
- Disc florets.—Number=39-44, Color apex=RHS 22A, Color bottom=RHS N144A.
- Reproductive organs:
- Gynoecium.—1 pistil per ray floret, 4 mm in length, stigma unequal decurrent and RHS 165A to RHS 166A color, style is 2 mm in length and RHS 9B in color, ovary RHS 150D in color.
- Androecium.—No stamens present.
- Fruit and seed.—N/A.
1. A new and distinct variety of Calendula plant named ‘CDAZ0001’ substantially as illustrated and described herein.
International Classification: A01H 5/02 (20180101);