plant named ‘UF21-9-16’

A new and distinct cultivar of Coleus (Coleus scutellarioides) plant named ‘UF21-9-16’ having a combination of desirable traits that make it well-suited for use as a versatile annual plant in the summer landscape. ‘UF21-9-16’ has consistent foliage color patterning and a fast growth rate and vigor in the greenhouse and landscape. ‘UF21-9-16’ has lance-shaped and lobed foliage that is predominantly dark red with consistent yellowish green leaf margins and uniform yellowish green spots across the leaf surface. ‘UF21-9-16’ maintains these contrasting colors and patterns in both sun and shade. ‘UF21-9-16’ is upright in habit, but it is highly branched and spreading in form, growing wider than it does tall.

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genus and species: Coleus scutellarioides.

Cultivar denomination: ‘UF21-9-16’.






The invention relates to a new and distinct cultivar of Coleus plant named ‘UF21-9-16’. The new cultivar ‘UF21-9-16’ originated from an open pollination conducted in May-November 2019 in Citra, Florida, between the female Coleus plant ‘UF20-19-8’ (unpatented) and an unknown male Coleus plant. A single seedling was chosen in May 2020 for further asexual propagation in Gainesville, Florida.

The new cultivar ‘UF21-9-16’ has been reproduced asexually for over 18 months through vegetative meristem tip cuttings and has been found to retain its distinctive characteristics through successive asexual propagations. ‘UF21-9-16’ was first propagated asexually by vegetative meristem tip cuttings in May 2021 in Gainesville, Florida, and has remained true-to-type since that time.

Plant Breeder's Rights for the new cultivar ‘UF21-9-16’ have not been applied for, and ‘UF21-9-16’ has not been made publicly available more than one year prior to the filing date of this application.


The new cultivar ‘UF21-9-16’ has not been observed under all possible environmental conditions. The phenotype of the new cultivar may vary with variations in environment and cultural practices such as temperature, light intensity, fertilization, irrigation, and application of plant growth regulators without any change in genotype.

The new cultivar ‘UF21-9-16’ was selected for its consistent foliage color patterning, and for its fast growth rate and vigor in the greenhouse and landscape. ‘UF21-9-16’ has foliage that is predominantly dark red with consistent yellowish green leaf margins and spots. This color combination is novel and stable when the plants are grown in either sun or shade.

The following are the most outstanding and distinguishing characteristics of ‘UF21-9-16’ when grown under normal horticultural practices in Gainesville, Florida: (1) ‘UF21-9-16’ has the combination of vigorous, upright habit and spreading growth form, excellent heat tolerance, and consistent maroon leaves with green margins and spots that are significantly different than other Coleus plants; (2) it has superior stability in foliage color in both sun and shade conditions, and it has a vigorous growth habit with excellent lateral branching, making it suitable for propagators and producers; and (3) ‘UF21-9-16’ has been observed to have long-season performance in landscape trials in Gainesville, Florida.

When ‘UF21-9-16’ is compared to its female parent ‘UF20-19-8’, the new cultivar has larger lance-shaped and lobed leaves that are longer than they are wide. Leaves of ‘UF21-9-16’ are predominantly colored dark red with yellowish green margins and yellowish green spots that are uniformly distributed across the leaf surface. In contrast, ‘UF20-19-8’ has smaller lance-shaped leaves that are colored deep crimson with chartreuse highlights at the leaf margins. ‘UF21-9-16’ has a vigorous upright habit with a spreading form that is well-branched, whereas ‘UF20-19-8’ is less vigorous, and more upright in form with less lateral branching and a less spreading form.


This new Coleus cultivar ‘UF21-9-16’ is illustrated by the accompanying photographs, which show the plant's form and foliage. The colors shown are as true as can be reasonably obtained by conventional photographic procedures. FIGS. 2 and 3 were taken from plants grown eleven weeks from unrooted cuttings in September-December 2022 in a glass-covered greenhouse in Gainesville, Florida.

FIG. 1 shows the pedigree of the new Coleus cultivar ‘UF21-9-16’ as is shown and described herein;

FIG. 2 shows the growth habit, form, and foliage of the new Coleus cultivar; and

FIG. 3 shows a close-up view of the foliage of the new Coleus cultivar.


Foliage color was determined under full sun conditions in the middle of the day in a glass-covered greenhouse. Color references are to The R.H.S. Colour Chart of The Royal Horticultural Society of London (R.H.S.), 2007 5th Edition. Coleus leaves are rarely one solid color, but encompass hues, shades and tints, and color patterns differ from one genotype to another due to varying levels of variegation. The following detailed description of ‘UF21-9-16’ was obtained using eleven-week-old plants grown from unrooted cuttings in September-December 2022 in a glass-covered greenhouse in Gainesville, Florida. The plants were propagated in mist for ten days after cuttings were stuck, pinched, then grown in one-gallon pots for approximately nine and a half additional weeks.


  • Botanical classification:
      • Family.—Lamiaceae.
      • Botanical name.—Coleus scutellarioides.
      • Common name.—Coleus.
      • Cultivar name.—‘UF21-9-16’.
  • Parentage:
      • Female or seed parent.—‘UF20-19-8’.
      • Male or pollen parent.—Unknown.
  • Plant description:
      • Form.—Spreading.
      • Habit.—Upright.
      • Height (from top of soil).—20-25 cm.
      • Width (horizontal plant diameter).—45-50 cm.
  • Propagation:
      • Type cuttings.—Vegetative meristems having at least 1 node.
      • Time to initiate roots.—3-4 days.
      • Time to produce a rooted cutting.—7-10 days.
      • Root habit.—Fibrous.
      • Root description.—Callus forms in 2-3 days, roots initiate in 3-4 days and become a highly branched cutting in 7-10 days.
  • Branches:
      • Quantity per plant.—Approximately 16.
      • Branch color.—RHS 143A (yellow green).
      • Texture.—Smooth.
      • Pubescence.—Not present.
      • Stem description.—Square-shaped stem.
      • Branch diameter.—0.6-0.7 cm at the base of a 16-cm-long branch.
      • Branch length.—15-20 cm.
      • Internode length.—Approximately 3.5 cm measured at mid-branch.
      • Anthocyanin.—Not present.
  • Leaves:
      • Quantity of leaves per branch.—18-20.
      • Arrangement.—Opposite.
      • Fragrance.—Not fragrant.
      • Shape.—Lanceolate.
      • Length.—8-10 cm.
      • Width.—4-5 cm.
      • Apex.—Narrowly acute.
      • Base.—Attenuate.
      • Margin.—Lobed.
      • Leaf texture.—Adaxial (top): Pulverulent. Abaxial (bottom): Smooth.
      • Venation color.—Upper surface: RHS N187A (purplish grey). Lower surface: RHS 143A (yellow green).
      • Venation pattern (both upper and lower surfaces).—Reticulate.
      • Color, immature leaf.—Upper surface: Major color: RHS 187A (dark red). Margins: RHS 141A (yellowish green). Spots: RHS 141A (yellowish green). Lower surface: RHS 139B (yellowish green).
      • Color, mature leaf.—Upper surface: Major color: RHS 187A (dark red). Margins: RHS 141A (yellowish green). Spots: RHS 141A (yellowish green). Lower surface: RHS 139B (yellowish green).
      • Petiole length.—Approximately 7 cm.
      • Petiole diameter.—0.2-0.3 cm.
      • Petiole color.—RHS 143A (yellow green).
      • Petiole texture.—Smooth, no pubescence.
  • Flowers and seeds: Flowers and seeds have not been observed during formal trials in Gainesville, Florida.
  • Fruit/seed set: Fruit/seed not observed.
  • Disease and insect resistance: Disease and insect resistance is typical of the species, thus no claims are made of any superior disease or insect resistance with this cultivar. The most common insect pests observed on this plant in Gainesville, Florida have been long-tailed or citrus mealybugs (Pseudococcus spp.), which occur on older stock plant material held in the greenhouse for over 3-4 months. Impatiens Necrotic Spot Virus (Bunyaviridae) has also been observed in plants confined in greenhouses with mixed crops (peppers) infected with Western flower thrips (Frankliniella occidentalis). The most common pathogen of this species in the U.S. is downy mildew (Perononspora lamii). This pathogen has been observed in stock materials grown closely together in cooler growing seasons.


When compared to the Coleus cultivar ‘UF15-6-28’ (U.S. Plant Pat. No. 30,970, commercial name Serrano), the new Coleus cultivar ‘UF21-9-16’ has a leaf coloration of mostly dark red with numerous irregular sized yellowish green spots across the upper surface of mature leaves, whereas ‘UF15-6-28’ has a leaf coloration of predominantly dark red and yellowish green margins and very few and faint yellowish green spots on the upper surface of mature leaves.


1. A new and distinct Coleus scutellarioides plant named ‘UF21-9-16’ as shown and described herein.

Referenced Cited
U.S. Patent Documents
PP30970 October 22, 2019 Clark
Patent History
Patent number: PP35723
Type: Grant
Filed: Jun 20, 2023
Date of Patent: Apr 2, 2024
Assignee: Florida Foundation Seed Producers, Inc. (Marianna, FL)
Inventor: David G. Clark (Gainesville, FL)
Primary Examiner: Keith O. Robinson
Application Number: 18/445,285
Current U.S. Class: Plectranthus (PLT/469)
International Classification: A01H 6/00 (20180101); A01H 5/12 (20180101);