Interstage Patents (Class 100/75)
  • Patent number: 10456359
    Abstract: Disclosed is a synergistic beverage composition for alleviating alcohol-induced oxidative stress, hepatic stress, CNS stress, veisalgia and modulating immunology parameters. The composition includes saponin glycoside, amino acid derivative and sugar or sugar alcohol as active ingredients and pH adjusting agents and flavoring agents as inactive ingredients. The calculated proportions of amino acid derivatives, Saponin glycoside and sugar or sugar alcohol in the alcohol exhibit synergistic effects, thereby alleviating oxidative stress, hepatic stress, CNS stress, veisalgia and modulating immunology parameters, which could ultimately leads to prevention of alcohol-induced damage or impairment of organs, which could be temporary or permanent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 20, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 29, 2019
    Assignee: Harsha Chigurupati
    Inventor: Harsha Chigurupati
  • Patent number: 10046003
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to a composition comprising eleutheroside-C, pinitol and sugars optionally along with pharmaceutically acceptable excipient or a combination thereof; a process of obtaining said composition from fenugreek seeds, a method of treating neuropathic pain or managing neuropathy, and the use of the said composition in treating neuropathic pain or managing neuropathy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 2, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2018
    Assignee: INDUS BIOTECH PRIVATE LIMITED
    Inventors: Sunil Bhaskaran, Mohan Vishwaraman
  • Patent number: 10039776
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a hepato-protective beverage composition comprising a potable liquid, a primary hepato-protective agent comprising 18?-Glycyrrhizin or 18?-Glycyrrhizin or a combination thereof, and a complimentary hepato-protective agent comprising sugar or sugar alcohol or a combination thereof. The combination of effective amounts of the primary and complimentary hepato-protective agents provides hepato-protection and reduced toxicity caused by consumption of alcoholic beverages. The present invention also provides a beverage additive comprising these hepato-protective agents designed to be mixed with a potable liquid, providing the same beneficial results.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 14, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 7, 2018
    Inventor: Harsha Chigurupati
  • Patent number: 8875626
    Abstract: A machining oil applying apparatus that applies machining oil onto a thin metal plate that is being conveyed toward a press apparatus includes: an upper surface applying unit that is impregnated with machining oil, contacts an upper surface of the thin plate and applies the machining oil onto the upper surface; a lower surface applying unit that is impregnated with the machining oil, contacts an lower surface of the thin plate and applies the machining oil onto the lower surface; and an applying unit moving portion that causes the upper surface applying unit and the lower surface applying unit to move reciprocally in a direction perpendicular to a conveying direction of the thin plate, wherein the upper surface applying unit and the lower surface applying unit always move in respectively opposite directions perpendicular to the conveying direction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 20, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 4, 2014
    Assignee: Hidaka Seiki Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Keiichi Morishita, Masaki Uehara, Toshiyuki Nanaarashi, Akio Ueda
  • Publication number: 20130276647
    Abstract: Devices and methods are disclosed for processing waste paper media and other waste fibrous products to reduce their volume. The methods include disintegration and compression, in some embodiments transforming the waste into a highly dense, combustible solid, for example a cylinder which may be burnt as a log or readily stored or transported.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 20, 2012
    Publication date: October 24, 2013
    Inventor: Michael Brule
  • Publication number: 20110088572
    Abstract: A machining oil applying apparatus that applies machining oil onto a thin metal plate that is being conveyed toward a press apparatus includes: an upper surface applying unit that is impregnated with machining oil, contacts an upper surface of the thin plate and applies the machining oil onto the upper surface; a lower surface applying unit that is impregnated with the machining oil, contacts an lower surface of the thin plate and applies the machining oil onto the lower surface; and an applying unit moving portion that causes the upper surface applying unit and the lower surface applying unit to move reciprocally in a direction perpendicular to a conveying direction of the thin plate, wherein the upper surface applying unit and the lower surface applying unit always move in respectively opposite directions perpendicular to the conveying direction.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 20, 2010
    Publication date: April 21, 2011
    Inventors: Keiichi Morishita, Masaki Uehara, Toshiyuki Nanaarashi, Akio Ueda
  • Patent number: 7407562
    Abstract: The moisture profile and/or moisture gradient of a paper web of at least SC quality paper is controlled in a paper machine comprising a calender (1) which has at least two roll stacks (21, 22; 31, 32), one stack has at least three rolls and another has at least five rolls. The web is moisturized to a desired pre-moisture content M1 by a pre-moisturizer (7) before the calender. At least one intermediate moisturizer (3) is arranged between two roll stacks moisturizes the web to a desired intermediate moisture content M2 before the last roll stack (31, 32), in which the web is dried to a desired final moisture value M3. For continuously controlling and optimizing the moisture profile and/or moisture gradient of the web, the pre-moisturizing W1 of the web is controlled by a pre-moisturizer (7) control parameter which corresponds to the final moisture value M3 of the web.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 16, 2003
    Date of Patent: August 5, 2008
    Assignee: Metso Paper, Inc.
    Inventors: Antti Heikkinen, Harri Kuosa, Pekka Linnonmaa, Hannu Lätti, Markku Kyytsönen, Markko Jaakkola
  • Patent number: 7387064
    Abstract: A paper web moistened in a paper machine and reeled on a machine reel is calendered in a multinip calender arranged apart from the paper machine, whose roll assembly is formed of a first set of rolls and a second set of rolls in the travel direction of the paper web. At least one surface of the paper web is moistened with at least one pre-moisturizer, whereafter the paper web is guided to the first calender nip of the first set of rolls and one surface of the paper web is moistened with at least one intermediate moisturizer, whereafter the paper web is guided to the first calender nip of the second set of rolls, wherein a paper web having a roughness of 1.0-1.1 ?m and/or gloss of 54-57% or 56-60% is produced as a result of calendering.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 2005
    Date of Patent: June 17, 2008
    Assignee: Metso Paper, Inc.
    Inventors: Pekka Linnonmaa, Hannu Lätti, Markku Kyytsönen
  • Patent number: 7320744
    Abstract: A multiple-nip calender has a set of rolls (2) with roll nips (N) between the rolls. A moistening arrangement has a roll means (3) for moistening the fibre web comprising a damping unit (33) and rolls (32) guiding the fibre web (W). The roll means is located in a pocket (7) adjacent to the line (L) of the aligned set of rolls, the pocket being formed by a space defined by the fibre web (W), one idle roll (5) in the set of rolls and said roll means (3), the fibre web contacting said roll at two locations, in roll nips located on opposite sides of the roll mantle when viewed from the longitudinal axis of the roll, and circulating around the roll means (3). The fibre web (W) contacts said roll in the set of rolls preferably in the roll nip immediately preceding a reversing nip (N;N3).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 11, 2003
    Date of Patent: January 22, 2008
    Assignee: Metso Paper, Inc.
    Inventors: Hannu Pullinen, Jorma Haag
  • Patent number: 6758135
    Abstract: A paper or board web (W) is calendered in at least one calendering nip (N1-N8), and the web (W) is moisturized before calendering. The web (W) is moisturized by means of liquid moisturization (20; 21) very close before at least one calendering nip (N1, N5). A calender for calendering a paper or board web has at least one liquid moisturizing calendering nip (N1-N8) and at least one device (20; 21) for moisturizing the web (W) is placed very close before at least one calendering nip (N1; N5).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 23, 2002
    Date of Patent: July 6, 2004
    Assignee: Metso Paper, Inc.
    Inventors: Pekka Linnonmaa, Antti Heikkinen, Markku Kyytsönen, Ville Vuorijärvi, Pekka Moisio
  • Patent number: 6708608
    Abstract: The invention relates to a calender intended to calender a paper or board web (4), which calander comprising a calendering section, in which there are at least two members, such as rolls (1, 2, 3), in nip contact, between which the web (4) being calendered is arranged to run. For reducing the moisture and heat leaving the web (4) while it is being calendered a wall (16, 17), covering at least part of the calendering section, is formed from the web (4) being calendered by changing its direction of travel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 23, 2002
    Date of Patent: March 23, 2004
    Assignee: Metso Paper, Inc.
    Inventor: Mika Viljanmaa
  • Patent number: 6073549
    Abstract: A process and an apparatus for the manufacture of SC-A paper having a high gloss and high smoothness, wherein the paper arriving from the paper machine is supplied on-line to a supercalender (multinip soft calender), and wherein the paper travels through a plurality of nips for achieving the desired gloss and smoothness properties. The paper web arriving from the paper machine and supplied on-line to a supercalender (multinip soft calender) is moistened with steam immediately prior to the first nip of the supercalender and is guided through the first nip before the increased moisture of the surface resulting from the application of steam has dropped below a predetermined value in the range of 12% to 25%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 1998
    Date of Patent: June 13, 2000
    Assignee: V.I.B. Apparatebau GmbH
    Inventors: Stefan Winheim, Rudolf Mann
  • Patent number: 6003440
    Abstract: A method for calendering a web such as a paper web in a multi-nip calender or supercalender, in which the web is passed through calendering nips formed by rolls placed in two or more stacks of rolls. The web is passed alternatingly from the corresponding calendering nip in each stack of rolls into the calendering nip in the following stack of rolls. In other words, the web is passed from a first calendering nip in a first stack of rolls to a first calendering nip in a second stacks of rolls, after the first calendering nip in the second stack of rolls to a second calendering nip in the second stack of rolls, from the second calendering nip in the second stack of rolls to a second calendering nip in the first stack of rolls, and after the second calendering nip in the first stack of rolls to further processing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 2, 1998
    Date of Patent: December 21, 1999
    Assignee: Valmet Corporation
    Inventors: Jukka Koskinen, Markku Kyytsonen, Vilho Nissinen
  • Patent number: 5445071
    Abstract: A steam spray tube with an inlet line (16) for steam, a nozzle arrangement (33) and a valve (19) positioned between the inlet line and the nozzle arrangement is described. With such a steam spray tube, adequate moistening of a web to be moistened can be assured even at high web velocities. To do so, an essentially straight acceleration channel (35) is arranged downstream from valve (19) in the direction of flow of the steam and a nozzle channel (36) to the nozzle arrangement (33) branches off from the acceleration channel at a predetermined distance from the end (37) of the acceleration channel (35).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 3, 1994
    Date of Patent: August 29, 1995
    Assignee: V.I.B. Apparatebau GmbH
    Inventor: Stefan H. Winheim
  • Patent number: 5010809
    Abstract: A process for conditioning and compacting vegetable fodder prior to storage and shipment which comprises breaking standard-sized bales and adjusting the moisture level of the fodder to reduce pulverization during subsequent compacting and handling; while at the same time injecting mold inhibitors and nutritional additive before repackaging the fodder into more compact bales for shipment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 24, 1989
    Date of Patent: April 30, 1991
    Inventor: Kenneth J. Williams
  • Patent number: 4915830
    Abstract: An elongated, imperforate housing (2) has a slurry inlet port (5) at one end and a pulp discharge port (6) at the other end. A pressing section (2b) within the housing is in direct fluid communication with the inlet port, and extracts liquid from the slurry by passing the slurry through a first compression restriction (108) to produce a pressed pulp. An annular washing section (2c) within the housing is positioned immediately downstream of, and in direct fluid communication with, the first compression restriction. The washing section has radially inner (109) and outer (14) cylindrical walls defining an annular washing chamber (110) for decompressing, diluting, and washing the pressed pulp. The washing is accomplished by injecting a washing liquid into the washing chamber through the inner wall, and simultaneously through the outer wall while the mixture is agitated. A repressing section (2d) within the housing is in direct fluid communication with the washing section, for receiving the conveyed mixture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 19, 1988
    Date of Patent: April 10, 1990
    Assignee: Sprout-Bauer, Inc.
    Inventors: William D. Mackay, William L. Bohn
  • Patent number: 4804418
    Abstract: Processing and outfit for the extraction of cane sugar by pressing canes and magma between several pairs of fluted rollers, wherein each pair of rollers is completely submerged in a tank (C) and fed through a hopper (13), and wherein a constant recirculation of the magma, from each tank towards the corresponding hopper, with a significant flow rate on the one hand, and a countercurrent circulation of the bagasse and the juice with a lower flow rate in the different tanks (C.sub.1, C.sub.2, C.sub.3) corresponding to the different pairs of rollers on the other, are combined.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 19, 1986
    Date of Patent: February 14, 1989
    Assignee: Maguin S. A., B. P.
    Inventor: Alain Gautier
  • Patent number: 4718337
    Abstract: The apparatus comprises a plurality of stages having screw presses, the material passing out from the outlet side of the stages being passed by a transfer duct to the inlet side of the following stage. Each stage has a speed adjustable independently of the speed of the other stages. Compared with known screw presses, the advantage exists that following each treatment in a stage, by means of an opening in the transfer duct, the material can be measured, checked or subjected to an additional treatment. The number of stages can also be adapted to the material being processed and there is also a relatively large freedom with regards to the arrangement of the apparatus.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 1985
    Date of Patent: January 12, 1988
    Assignee: Pharos Inventions Ag
    Inventor: Hans Wiederkehr
  • Patent number: 4664716
    Abstract: A system for extracting soluble substances from fiberous material by lixiviation is followed by various steps of compression and maceration exerting moderate compression on the fiberous material up to 14 Bar. Hereby, special arrangements are made to saturate the fiberous material to maximum absorption between each pressure application. Moisture content of the spent fiberous material is reduced with a special roller assembly with the application of low and high pressure. Heat is used to facilitate the extraction process and to suppress biological alterations of matter involved. With heat exchange between raw material and extracted solvent, overall heat economy is improved. Fiberous material is used as filter aid to reduce contamination of extracted solvent with foreign matter. The system is particularly suitable for the extraction of sugar from sugar cane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 2, 1984
    Date of Patent: May 12, 1987
    Assignee: Voith S/A - Maquinas e Equipamentos
    Inventor: Wilhelm Leibig
  • Patent number: 4643088
    Abstract: A dual-cycle method of extracting juice from fruit and a juice extraction installation consisting of two angular presses in tandem arrangement in which the fruit mash yields first quality juice and pomace in the first press, and this pomace is immediately broken up and deposited on the horizontal run of the second press, under the addition of water which soaks and swells the pomace, before it passes through the second extraction press. The latter yields juice of second quality and twice-pressed pomace.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 31, 1984
    Date of Patent: February 17, 1987
    Inventor: Ulrich Kollmar
  • Patent number: 4436028
    Abstract: A two roll press machine for removing moisture from particulate organic material includes a stationary powered roll and a powered positionable roll journalled within a carriage slidably entrained on a machine base. A hydraulic cylinder biases the movable roll into heavily biased, linear contact with the stationary roll. Barrier plates in place above the rolls laterally confine expelled fluid. Collector boxes proximate the extremes of the roll nip remove the fluid. A spreader mechanism is supported on the machine base for distribution of material across the rolls. The machine base permits stacking of the machines for sequential pressing of material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 10, 1982
    Date of Patent: March 13, 1984
    Inventor: David M. Wilder
  • Patent number: 4378253
    Abstract: Disclosed is a maceration system of the type generally used in the grinding and juice extraction of sugar cane. The last mill has a roll and feed and discharge bottom rolls with elongated trash plate spanning the space between the bottom rolls. Separate troughs extend below each of the bottom rolls to catch and separate juice therefrom. The top roll has longitudinal flow passageways around it opening into ports in the roll surface and water is introduced through these passgeways to flow into the pulp moving over the trashplate to the discharge roll, and the juice from below the discharge roll is directed to the pulp moving to the feed roll. In the case of multiple mills in tandem, the juice recovered from the feed roll is directed to the top roll passageways of the previous mill and the juice from the discharge roll of that mill is directed to the feed roll thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 20, 1981
    Date of Patent: March 29, 1983
    Inventor: Jean Bouvet
  • Patent number: 4332125
    Abstract: A highly nutritive, storage-stable forage plant material in mat configuration having a moisture content of 20% by weight. The mat includes forage plant material in a cut and fiberized form in which substantially all plant cells of the plant material have been ruptured and the natural juices expressed therefrom reintroduced onto the mat prior to drying on the stubble to replace nutrients contained in the natural juices. The fiberized plant material includes fibers which have been exposed and at least partially separated so that they mechanically interlock and intertwine to produce a mat which is cohesive and shape-sustaining so as to be collectable from a field and stored without substantial tearing or breaking.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 19, 1980
    Date of Patent: June 1, 1982
    Inventor: Richard D. Holdren
  • Patent number: 4214947
    Abstract: The continuous treatment of a cellulosic material in the form of chips to produce at least partial delignification of the material without true mechanical grinding is effected in apparatus comprising two parallel meshing screws which are rotated in the same direction in a sheath and have identical threads providing a plurality of zones of different pitch. The material is passed in succession through a first zone for feeding the material downstream, a first braking zone for causing a first compression of the material, a second zone for feeding the material downstream and in which the material is brought into contact with a reagent, e.g. steam or a chemical reagent, and a second braking zone for causing a second compression of the material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 6, 1979
    Date of Patent: July 29, 1980
    Assignee: Creusot-Loire
    Inventor: Pierre Berger
  • Patent number: 3956981
    Abstract: Refuse is processed for land fill use by comminuting the refuse into smaller particles, blending the comminuted refuse to form an extrudable mass and continuously extruding the mass through a constricted die to form high-density, low-volume shapes which are suitable for burying in a land fill.Apparatus for carrying out the process includes at least one reduction mill, a blender having a shaft carrying radially extending pitched paddles for kneading and blending the comminuted refuse into an extrudable mass and an extruder carrying a constricted die and having a screw feed for continuously extruding the blended refuse to form high-density, low-volume shapes. The bore of the constricted die defines an outwardly tapered land adjacent the discharge end for controllably accommodating the normal expansion of the compressed refuse shape prior to leaving the die.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 29, 1974
    Date of Patent: May 18, 1976
    Assignee: John N. Valianos
    Inventor: Norman Pitt