The Carbohydrate Is Starch Patents (Class 106/162.51)
  • Patent number: 10591451
    Abstract: A new electrospray emitter capable of cone-jet mode spray for liquid flow-rates from sub-microliter/minute to 10's of microliters/minute is provided. The high efficiency of ionization and vaporization enabled by the disclosed spray emitter provides improved sensitivity for mass spectrometer detection. The disclosed spray emitter sprays consistently and robustly a liquid buffer having a large range of compositions of aqueous and organic solvents, and is not sensitive to the polarity of the electric field used to induce spray. The fluidic channel leading to the spray emitter opening does not have an internal taper rendering the spray emitter clog-resistant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 1, 2018
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2020
    Assignee: PHOENIX S&T, INC.
    Inventor: Sau Lan Tang Staats
  • Publication number: 20150130108
    Abstract: A manufacturing process for rice husk fiber synthetic resin powder includes grinding rice husks into rice husk powder, feeding the powder into a mixer, adding and uniformly mixing cellulose, starch, and water, removing and cooling the mixture into rice husk fiber powder; additionally putting natural resin and lignin into a reaction kettle, adding water and agitating uniformly into slurry, adding nano-silica and continuing agitating evenly, and after cooling, adding the rice husk fiber powder and continuing the agitation, cooling and removing the mixture, thus obtaining a paste material; and injecting the paste material into a flash drier to produce rice husk fiber synthetic resin powder. The rice husk fiber synthetic resin powder can be used to make rice husk fiber products such as tableware, toys, furniture and kitchenware that have good physical properties and are degradable into organic fertilizer, thereby being environmentally friendly and commercially promising.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 21, 2012
    Publication date: May 14, 2015
    Applicant: HUSK'S GREEN TECHNOLOGY CO., LIMITED
    Inventor: Chenpang Chong
  • Patent number: 8945295
    Abstract: An article of manufacture comprising a building panel such as ceiling tile for example includes, in addition to any by-product perlite fines, additional perlite fines in an amount sufficient to improve the fire resistance of the building panel over the fire resistance of the building panel without the additional perlite fines. In one aspect, the additional perlite fines can comprise at least approximately 3.5% perlite fines by weight. In another aspect, the additional perlite fines can have an average diameter of approximately 23 microns or less. Methods of manufacture related to the building panel also are disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 4, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: USG Interiors, LLC
    Inventor: Martin W. Brown
  • Patent number: 8563140
    Abstract: Some embodiments of the invention generally relate to a moisture barrier coating that is biodegradable and compostable. Some embodiments also relate to a coating that is dual ovenable. Such coatings may be used to increase moisture resistance and provide non-stick or release characteristics when applied to biodegradable and compostable disposable food packaging and food service items. In some embodiments, a plasticizer, an amide wax and optionally a rosin are added to a cellulose-ester-based coating to increase moisture resistance. In other embodiments, a biodegradable polymer, an amide wax, optionally a plasticizer, and optionally a rosin are added to a cellulose-ester-based coating to drastically increase moisture resistance. In still other embodiments, phospholipids or medium-chain triglycerides or increased levels of amide wax may be added to the either of the embodiments above to provide enhanced release characteristics.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 22, 2013
    Assignee: Biosphere Industries, LLC
    Inventors: David A. Dellinger, Elie Helou, Jr., Drew V. Speer, Dwight W. Schwark
  • Patent number: 8524790
    Abstract: A biodegradable starch film is provided. The biodegradable starch film includes a starch which is cross-linked by means of a cross-linking agent. The cross-linking agent comprises glycidyl methacrylate (GMA), octenyl succinic anhydride (OSA), or dodecyl succinic anhydride (DDSA) or combinations thereof. The cross-linking agent is 1 to 10 weight parts based on the starch of 100 weight parts. Furthermore, a method for manufacturing starch foam is also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 6, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 3, 2013
    Assignee: Industrial Technology Research Institute
    Inventors: Jyi Hsiang Lee, Chei Kao, Ching-Chih Lai, Chin-Ying Tsai
  • Publication number: 20130199408
    Abstract: The method for preparing a homogeneous biodegradable mixture is described for production of shape-bodies. Reinforce fillers are fibers from various natural sources especially those wastes from varieties of manufacturing. Long thin fibers are obtained by longitudinal abrasion of bamboo waste. Boiling the fibers in water for 20 minutes at pH 8 where supernatant is decanted helps getting rid of chlorophyll. Fibers are further ground to preferable length of 2-4 mm. The treated fibers were mixed with all other ingredients in a rotor, spinning at a speed 1,800-2,000 rpm at ambient temperature for 510 minutes. Starch particles and other ingredients penetrate and mix thoroughly with the fibrous materials. Water is gradually added while kneading to form a perfect dough ready for manufacturing of the desired shape bodies.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 2, 2010
    Publication date: August 8, 2013
    Inventor: Ngamtip Poovarodom
  • Patent number: 8382888
    Abstract: One embodiment of the present invention is a composition for use in making edible biodegradable containers comprising water, pregelatinized and native starch, a first protein or natural polymeric compound, natural fibers, a wax emulsion, a mold release agent, a flavoring agent, and a coloring agent, wherein the composing consisting essentially of food grade materials.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 2005
    Date of Patent: February 26, 2013
    Assignee: Biosphere Industries, LLC
    Inventors: David Dellinger, Elie Helou, Jr.
  • Publication number: 20120309246
    Abstract: A curable aqueous binder composition includes a dispersion of biopolymer particles, optionally with and an inter-particle crosslinking agent, for use in the formation of composite materials such as mineral, natural organic, or synthetic fiber products, including mineral fiber insulation, non-woven mats, fiberglass insulation and related glass fiber products, and wood based products, and construction materials. In an application of the curable aqueous composition to making fiberglass insulation, the composition may be blended with a second resin which may be a non-formaldehyde resin. In an application of the composition to making fiberglass roofing shingles, the biopolymer particles may be mixed into a formaldehyde based resin during or after the polymerization of the resin.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 1, 2012
    Publication date: December 6, 2012
    Inventors: Alexander Tseitlin, David Van Alstyne, Steven Bloembergen
  • Patent number: 7967904
    Abstract: The present invention provides an improved method and materials for forming biodegradable containers that can hold food products in dry, damp or wet conditions and provides the biodegradable containers prepared according to the disclosed process. The containers are produced through the use of a pre-gelled starch suspension that is unique in its ability to form hydrated gels and to maintain this gel structure in the presence of many other types of materials and at low temperatures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 9, 2009
    Date of Patent: June 28, 2011
    Assignee: New Ice Limited
    Inventors: Joe A. Bowden, Christine C. Johnston
  • Patent number: 7888412
    Abstract: The present invention relates to processes utilizing ionic liquids for the dissolution of various polymers and/or copolymers, the formation of resins and blends, and the reconstitution of polymer and/or copolymer solutions, and the dissolution and blending of “functional additives” and/or various polymers and/or copolymers to form advanced composite materials.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 24, 2005
    Date of Patent: February 15, 2011
    Assignee: Board of Trustees of the University of Alabama
    Inventors: John D. Holbrey, Richard P. Swatloski, Ji Chen, Dan Daly, Robin D. Rogers
  • Patent number: 7553363
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a composition for use in making a starch-based food or beverage container, the formulation allowing the container to be water resistant for a usable amount of time without the need for coatings or similar. An embodiment of the formulation comprising water, native and pregelatinized starch, an insolubilizing compound, proteins or natural polymeric compounds, fibers, a wax emulsion, and a fiber-sizing agent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 26, 2004
    Date of Patent: June 30, 2009
    Assignee: Biosphere Industries, LLC
    Inventors: David Dellinger, Elie Helou, Jr.
  • Patent number: 7341623
    Abstract: A mixture of substances is designated for introduction into a liquid aqueous system and comprises at least one extremely finely divided active substance component that is designated for subsequent dissolution or dispersion in the liquid aqueous system. The mixture of substances comprises a proportion of cellulose-containing plant fibers and is present in finely particulate form. The cellulose-containing plant fibers improve both the transformation of the extremely finely divided active substance component into the finely particulate form and also its subsequent redissolution in the liquid aqueous system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 15, 2002
    Date of Patent: March 11, 2008
    Assignee: Henkel KGaA
    Inventors: Martin Holl, Andreas Niess, Heinz Gotz, Klaus Neitzer, Heinz-Peter Hoffmann, Bernhard Schottmep
  • Patent number: 7083673
    Abstract: The present invention provides an improved method and materials for forming biodegradable containers that can hold food products in dry, damp or wet conditions and provides the biodegradable containers prepared according to the disclosed process. The containers are produced through the use of a pre-gelled starch suspension that is unique in its ability to form hydrated gels and to maintain this gel structure in the presence of many other types of materials and at low temperatures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 2004
    Date of Patent: August 1, 2006
    Assignee: New Ice Limited
    Inventors: Joe A. Bowden, Christine C. Johnston
  • Patent number: 6949137
    Abstract: A sculpting/modeling medium is provided comprised of a nontoxic premixed loose ground cellulose material present in the amount ranging from 10–15% by weight; a vegetable adhesive present in the amount ranging from 75–85% by weight; and water present in the amount of 5–10% by weight. The medium may also include a quantity of food coloring or dyes blended in a proportion such that the color of the medium is due primarily to the dyed color of the cellulose. Also present is a method of making the same.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 2, 2003
    Date of Patent: September 27, 2005
    Inventor: Dale Arthur Erling
  • Patent number: 6896725
    Abstract: The invention concerns the use of a water-soluble or water-dispersible polymer having a molecular weight of at least 800, containing at least 5 aldehyde groups per molecule and at least 1 carboxyl group per molecule, the ratio of aldehyde groups to carboxyl groups being higher than 0.75:1, as a wet strength additive. The invention also discloses novel cationic derivatives thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 2003
    Date of Patent: May 24, 2005
    Assignee: SCA Hygiene Products Zeist B.V.
    Inventors: Jeffrey Wilson Thornton, Dorine Lisa Van Brussel-Verraest, Arie Besemer, Sussan Sandberg
  • Patent number: 6881252
    Abstract: Fiber-based products and adhesives comprising the fiber-based products. The fiber-based products comprise carboxymethyl cellulose, carboxymethylated hemicellulose and carboxymethylated starch. The fiber-based product is obtained by simultaneously performing alkali extraction of hydrocolloid from the fiber and carboxylation, with a carboxymethylating agent, thereby converting extracted cellulose to carboxymethyl cellulose and also carboxymethylating some extracted hemicellulose, starch, and hemicellulose-cellulose complexes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 23, 2003
    Date of Patent: April 19, 2005
    Assignee: Corn Products International, Inc.
    Inventor: Roman Skuratowicz
  • Publication number: 20040171719
    Abstract: A starch composition is made by cooking a starch and combining the cooked starch with a polymer, the polymer containing anionic groups or potential anionic groups. Another starch composition is made by combining a starch with a polymer, the polymer containing anionic groups or potential anionic groups, and cooking the combined starch and polymer composition. A dry starch composition, suitable for forming an additive for a paper furnish, includes a starch and a polymer containing anionic groups or potential anionic groups. Methods of making the starch composition are also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 27, 2004
    Publication date: September 2, 2004
    Inventors: David J. Neivandt, Joseph M. Genco, Mark A. Paradis
  • Publication number: 20040031579
    Abstract: A modified polysaccharide having enhanced surface charge. The polysaccharide is modified to include a cationic polymer, preferably a polyquaternary amine, and has a surface charge from about +5 to about +20 mV. The modified polysaccharide can be advantageous incorporated into a papermaking furnish with enhanced retention.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 23, 2003
    Publication date: February 19, 2004
    Applicant: Weyerhaeuser Company
    Inventors: Michael D. Vrbanac, Sherry L. Thomson
  • Publication number: 20040025744
    Abstract: The present invention relates to compositions of starch. The compositions consist of an anionic and a cationic starch wherein at least one of the starches is waxy. The compositions are surprisingly not resulting in an agglomerated product when cooked. The compositions are used in paper or cardboard preparation. The compositions are cooked and added at the wet end of the paper production process. This results in a high possible addition level and the use of the size press is abolished. The resulting paper and board are shown to have better characteristics than the paper and board prepared with the same components which have not been mixed prior to addition but which are added separately.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 16, 2003
    Publication date: February 12, 2004
    Applicant: Cerestar Holding B.V.
    Inventors: Detlev Glittenberg, Peter Leonhardt
  • Publication number: 20040011250
    Abstract: Compositions for securing pre-pasted and non-pre-pasted wall coverings to a surface that is to be decorated are provided. The present compositions are aqueous colloidal dispersions or polymeric solutions comprising from about 3% to about 30% solids. The present compositions comprise water, an alkali, from about 2.5% to about 25% by weight of an alkali-soluble, polyvinyl acetate-crotonic acid copolymer, a thickener, and a glycol.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 11, 2003
    Publication date: January 22, 2004
    Inventor: James J. Calienni
  • Patent number: 6670607
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a nanospray emitter including an emitter body which includes a fluid inlet, an outlet orifice, and a passage communicating between the fluid inlet and outlet orifice; and an electrically conductive polymer coating on at least a portion of the emitter body. Also disclosed are a nano-electrospray device including the nanospray emitter of the present invention, a method for making a nanospray emitter of the present invention, a method of forming a nanospray using the nanospray emitter of the present invention, and a method of analyzing a solution using the nanospray emitter of the present invention.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 4, 2001
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2003
    Assignee: The Research Foundation of State University of New York
    Inventors: Troy D. Wood, E. Peter Maziarz, III, Sarah A. Lorenz, Thomas P. White
  • Patent number: 6589327
    Abstract: A composite material comprising an organic crop cutting powder, starch, and a liquid, and a method of making molded products from the composite material. The manufactured products may be laminated or coated depending on their intended application.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 2000
    Date of Patent: July 8, 2003
    Inventor: Steven B. Snidow
  • Patent number: 6533854
    Abstract: The invention relates to a process for producing a shaped body made of biodegradable material in which a bakeable mass is produced by mixing from 7.8 to 8.5% by weight of cellulosic fibers, from 16.1 to 17.6% by weight of native starch, from 5.4 to 6.0% by weight of pregelatinized starch and from 68.0 to 70.6% by weight of water, in each case based on the bakeable mass, and the bakeable mass is then baked to form a shaped body. The invention also relates to shaped bodies obtainable by this process and to their use as packaging material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 20, 2002
    Date of Patent: March 18, 2003
    Assignee: Apack AG für Biologische Verpackungen
    Inventors: Anneliese Kesselring, Norbert Kaiser, Thomas Köblitz
  • Publication number: 20030047110
    Abstract: A non-synthetic biodegradable starch-based composition is described comprising starch, plasticizer, reinforcing filler, binder, in the presence or absence of alkali or salt, and water. The starch-based composition is subjected to transformation process to produce various foam-liked products, having closed cell structure with dense skin layer. These products are particularly suitable for use as disposal or single-used food packages or containers. These products are to substitute the shape bodies currently used made of plastic or plastic foam. A transformation process of the non-synthetic biodegradable starch-based composition into various foam-liked products is also described. The process is either injecting or compressing the starch-based composition and forming a desired shape in a closed mould at a temperature ranging from 150 to 300 degree Celcius until the gelatinization of starch has been accomplished.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 29, 2002
    Publication date: March 13, 2003
    Inventors: Ngamtip Poovarodom, Saisanom Praditdoung
  • Publication number: 20020108532
    Abstract: The invention relates to a process for producing a shaped body made of biodegradable material in which a bakeable mass is produced by mixing from 7.8 to 8.5% by weight of cellulosic fibers, from 16.1 to 17.6% by weight of native starch, from 5.4 to 6.0% by weight of pregelatinized starch and from 68.0 to 70.6% by weight of water, in each case based on the bakeable mass, and the bakeable mass is then baked forming a shaped body. In addition the invention relates to shaped bodies obtainable by this process and to their use as packaging material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 20, 2002
    Publication date: August 15, 2002
    Applicant: Apack AG fur biologische Verpackungen
    Inventors: Anneliese Kesselring, Norbert Kaiser, Thomas Koblitz
  • Patent number: 6406530
    Abstract: Thermoplastic mixture based on biopolymers for producing shaped biodegradable articles with improved properties, preparation of the mixture, and also its use. A novel thermoplastic mixture based on biopolymers, in particular on starch, features the presence of lignin and is used for producing shaped biodegradable articles with improved properties, preferably with improved mechanical properties.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 13, 2000
    Date of Patent: June 18, 2002
    Assignee: Aventis Research & Technologies GmbH & Co KG
    Inventors: Holger Bengs, Gitte Böhm
  • Patent number: 6398976
    Abstract: A single ply membrane roofing system includes a roofing insulation board which, preferably, is at least 45% by dry weight expanded perlite. One major surface of the insulation board is coated with a latex coating comprising, by dry weight, between 48.3% and 96% clay; between 3.1% and 33.3% latex; and between 0% and 34% sodium silicate. A single ply roofing membrane is adhered to the coated major surface of the insulation board with a roofing contact adhesive.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 20, 2000
    Date of Patent: June 4, 2002
    Assignee: Johns Manville International., Inc.
    Inventors: Christopher Paul Sandoval, Mary Margaret Georgene Bauer, Craig Donald DePorter, Mauro Vittorio Battaglioli
  • Patent number: 6379446
    Abstract: Compositions and methods in which dry-committed fibers are substantially homogeneously dispersed throughout a fibrous composition. The fibrous composition is characterized as having sufficient yield stress and viscosity such that the shearing forces from the mixing apparatus are effectively transferred down to the fiber level. This is accomplished by means of an appropriate thickening agent, e.g, gelatinized starch. The dry-committed fibers are exemplified by flash dry fibers or fibrous sheets that have been cut or torn into fragments less than 2 cm across. Providing fibers that have been dry-committed greatly reduces the time that it takes to obtain substantially homogeneous dispersion of the fibers throughout the fibrous composition. This, in turn, reduces the risk of mixture spoilage and mechanical or chemical damage to the solid components within the fibrous composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 3, 2000
    Date of Patent: April 30, 2002
    Assignee: E. Khashoggi Industries, LLC.
    Inventors: Per Just Andersen, Simon K. Hodson
  • Publication number: 20010009132
    Abstract: A substantially fat impervious coating (KIT number from about 6 and about 16) coating made from an aqueous solution of a hydroxypropyl high amylose pea starch.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 27, 2001
    Publication date: July 26, 2001
    Inventors: Rotraut Albrecht, Silvio Boettcher, Gernod Haerter, Peter Pawlak, Erich Heinrich Schwartze, Heike Zuleg
  • Patent number: 6184272
    Abstract: A fiber-reinforced molded plastic part, a process for its manufacture and a use. The fiber-reinforced molded plastic part consists of a plastic matrix with natural fibers particularly arranged in a uniformly distributed manner in the plastic matrix. The plastic matrix has at least two mutually mixed polymers, of which one is a biopolymer and the other is a polymer which is at least largely resistant to biological stress.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 12, 1998
    Date of Patent: February 6, 2001
    Assignee: DiamlerChrysler AG
    Inventors: Thomas Foelster, Ralph Greiner, Dirk Schaefer
  • Patent number: 6177024
    Abstract: A single ply membrane roofing system includes a roofing insulation board which, preferably, is at least 45% by dry weight expanded perlite. One major surface of the insulation board is coated with a latex coating comprising, by dry weight, between 48.3% and 96% clay; between 3.1% and 33.3% latex; and between 0% and 34% sodium silicate. A single ply roofing membrane is adhered to the coated major surface of the insulation board with a roofing contact adhesive.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 14, 2000
    Date of Patent: January 23, 2001
    Inventors: Christopher Paul Sandoval, Mary Margaret Georgene Bauer, Craig Donald DePorter, Mauro Vittorio Battaglioli