Cadmium Compound Containing (cd) Patents (Class 106/452)
  • Patent number: 10487212
    Abstract: A method to coat oxide-based color pigments with an ultrasound-assisted coating of nanofiber or other nanostructures in order to enhance heat-fastness and color performance to said color pigments is presented. In particular, the present invention provides a method to coat oxide-based color pigments with nano-coating materials, including but not limited to, alumina and/or silica at different dosage levels, with nanospike, nanoneedle, nanoplate, and/or nanoflower morphology towards enhancing the heat-fastness and color performance of said color pigments.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 15, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 26, 2019
    Assignee: Hong Kong Baptist University
    Inventors: Cham Fai Leung, Chung Yan Yick
  • Patent number: 8377194
    Abstract: A silica-containing composition is disclosed. The composition comprises a compound having the following formula: (SiO2)x(OH)yMzSaF.B. M comprises at least one metal or metalloid cation S is a sulfur-based species. F optionally exists and F is at least one of the following: a functionalized organosilane, a sulfur-containing organosilane, an amine-containing organosilane, and an alkyl-containing organosilane at a surface area coverage of about 0.01 to about 100%. The molar ratio of y/x is equal to about 0.01 to about 0.5, the molar ratio of x/z is equal to about 0.5 to about 300 or from about 0.5 to about 100, and the molar ratio of a/z is about 0.5 to about 5. B is a hygroscopic solid at a water to solid molar ratio of 0.1-6 and preferably comprises at least one alkaline earth oxide or lanthanide oxide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 23, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 19, 2013
    Assignee: Nalco Company
    Inventors: Nicholas S. Ergang, Ian Saratovsky, Hung-Ting Chen
  • Patent number: 8333835
    Abstract: A silica-containing composition is disclosed. The composition comprises a compound having the following formula: (SiO2)x(OH)yMzSaF. M comprises at least one metal or metalloid cation S is a sulfur-based species optionally exists and F is at least one of the following: a functionalized organosilane, a sulfur-containing organosilane, an amine-containing organosilane, and an alkyl-containing organosilane at a surface area coverage of about 0.01 to about 100%. The molar ratio of y/x is equal to about 0.01 to about 0.5, the molar ratio of x/z is equal to about 0.5 to about 300 or from about 0.5 to about 100, and the molar ratio of a/z is about 0.5 to about 5.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 23, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 18, 2012
    Assignee: Nalco Company
    Inventors: Nicholas S. Ergang, Bruce A. Keiser, Richard Mimna
  • Patent number: 8133932
    Abstract: Process for producing metal particle sols having a metal particle content of ?1 g/l, comprising the steps of a) reacting a metal salt solution with a solution containing hydroxide ions b) reacting the solution obtained from step a) with a reducing agent, wherein at least one of the solutions in step a) comprises a dispersing assistant, metal particles produced by the process and the use thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 12, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 13, 2012
    Assignee: Bayer Technology Service GmbH
    Inventors: Johan Kijlstra, Peter H. Weuta, Dirk Storch, Daniel Duff, Werner Hoheisel
  • Publication number: 20110250341
    Abstract: A silica containing composition is disclosed. The silica composition comprising a compound having the following formula (SiO2)x(OH)yMzOaF: wherein M optionally exists and said M is at least one of the following metal or metalloid cations: boron, magnesium, aluminum, calcium, titanium, vanadium, manganese, iron, cobalt, nickel, copper, zinc, zirconium, molybdenum, palladium, silver, cadmium, tin, platinum, gold, and bismuth; wherein F optionally exists and said F is at least one of the following: a functionalized organosilane, a sulfur-containing organosilane, an amine-containing organosilane, and an alkyl-containing organosilane at a surface area coverage of 0.01-100%; and wherein the molar ratio of y/x is equal to 0.01-0.5, the molar ratio of x/z is equal to 0.1-300, and the molar ratio of a/z is dependent on the nature of the metal oxide formed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 8, 2010
    Publication date: October 13, 2011
    Inventors: Bruce A. Keiser, Nicholas S. Ergang, Richard Mimna
  • Patent number: 8025726
    Abstract: A silica containing composition is disclosed. The composition comprises a compound having the following formula: (SiO2)x(OH)yMzSaF: wherein M is at least one of the following metal or metalloid cations: boron, magnesium, aluminum, calcium, titanium, vanadium, manganese, iron, cobalt, nickel, copper, zinc, zirconium, molybdenum, palladium, silver, cadmium, tin, platinum, gold, and bismuth; wherein S is a sulfur-based species selected from at least one of the following: sulfide salts, dithiocarbamates, polymer-based dithiocarbamates, and polysulfide salts; wherein F optionally exists and said F is at least one of the following: a functionalized organosilane, a sulfur-containing organosilane, an amine-containing organosilane, and an alkyl-containing organosilane at a surface area coverage of 0.01-100%; and wherein the molar ratio of y/x is equal to 0.01-0.5, the molar ratio of x/z is equal to 3-300, and the molar ratio of a/z is 1-5.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 8, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 27, 2011
    Assignee: Nalco Company
    Inventors: Bruce A. Keiser, Nicholas S. Ergang, Richard Mimna
  • Patent number: 7993447
    Abstract: A pigment dispersed liquid prepared by heat-treating an aqueous pigment dispersion containing a self-dispersing pigment, but not a dispersing resin.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 1, 2006
    Date of Patent: August 9, 2011
    Assignee: Seiko Epson Corporation
    Inventors: Masaaki Itano, Miharu Kanaya, Chie Saito
  • Patent number: 7811470
    Abstract: A water based colorant that includes a polymer emulsion and semiconductor crystals capable of emitting light. The colorants include paints, inks and/or dyes can be applied to various substrates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 4, 2007
    Date of Patent: October 12, 2010
    Assignee: Evident Technologies
    Inventors: James Hayes, Luis Sanchez
  • Publication number: 20100126378
    Abstract: A sulfonated derivative of an organic pigment moiety comprising a polyetheramine, and a metal or ammonium salt. The pigment is used for coloration of printing inks and coatings. For ink-jet systems there is excellent filterability, low viscosity, and stability thereof.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 3, 2008
    Publication date: May 27, 2010
    Inventor: Stanislav Vilner
  • Publication number: 20100113685
    Abstract: A universal colorant system for both solvent- and water-based paints and coatings is contained in a closed sealed pouch or cartridge-style container, and includes a colorant component, a surfactant package including at least one alkyd-compatible surfactant and at least one latex-compatible surfactant, and a carrier. When the colorant system is added to a base paint it desirably provides a mixture having a drop in viscosity of less than about 50%.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 9, 2010
    Publication date: May 6, 2010
    Inventors: Mark Randall Coward, Stephen M. Korenkiewicz, David R. Wallace
  • Publication number: 20090263496
    Abstract: Process for producing metal particle sols having a metal particle content of ?1 g/l, comprising the steps of a) reacting a metal salt solution with a solution containing hydroxide ions b) reacting the solution obtained from step a) with a reducing agent, wherein at least one of the solutions in step a) comprises a dispersing assistant, metal particles produced by the process and the use thereof.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 12, 2007
    Publication date: October 22, 2009
    Applicant: BAYER TECHNOLOGY SERVICES GMBH
    Inventors: Johan Kijlstra, Peter H. Weuta, Dirk Storch, Daniel Duff, Werner Hoheisel
  • Patent number: 7550041
    Abstract: The invention pertains to a highly concentrated pigment comprising from 75 to 95% by weight, preferably from 78 to 95% by weight, most preferred from 80 to 95% by weight, based on the weight of the composition, of a pigment; from 0 to 20% by weight, preferably from 5 to 18% by weight, based on the weight of the composition, of a resin; the total of pigment and resin being from 85 to 98% by weight of the composition; and from 1 to 15% by weight, preferably from 2 to 15% by weight, most preferably from 5 to 15% by weight, based on the weight of the composition, of a C10-C18 alcohol, a liquid hydrocarbon having a boiling point higher than 80° C. at 105 Pa, or both a C10-C18 alcohol and a liquid hydrocarbon having a boiling point higher than 80° C. at 105 Pa. Also claimed are a process for its manufacture, comprising dry-milling, blending and kneading the components, and the use of the pigment concentrates for the preparation of a masterbatch, ink, coating, plastic material, toner or colour filter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 24, 2005
    Date of Patent: June 23, 2009
    Assignee: Ciba Specialty Chemicals Corporation
    Inventors: Thomas Healy, Lynda Cannon, Tracy Murray
  • Publication number: 20090139574
    Abstract: A process for producing nanoparticles incorporating ions selected from groups 13, 16, and 11 or 12 of the periodic table, and materials produced by the process. In an embodiment, the process includes effecting conversion of a nanoparticle precursor composition comprising group 13, 16, and 11 or 12 ions to the material of the nanoparticles in the presence of a selenol compound. Other embodiments include a process for fabricating a thin film including nanoparticles incorporating ions selected from groups 13, 16, and 11 or 12 of the periodic table as well as a process for producing a printable ink formulation including the nanoparticles.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 26, 2008
    Publication date: June 4, 2009
    Applicant: NANOCO TECHNOLOGIES LIMITED
    Inventors: Nigel Pickett, James Harris
  • Patent number: 7503970
    Abstract: A particulate metal oxide having the mean length of the primary particles in the range from 50 to 90 nm, the mean width of the primary particles in the range from 5 to 20 nm, and the median volume particle diameter of the secondary particles is less than 45 nm. The metal oxide can be used in a sunscreen product that exhibits both effective UV protection and improved transparency.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 13, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2009
    Assignee: Croda International PLC
    Inventors: Graham Paul Dransfield, Susan Cutter, Phillip Laurence Lyth
  • Publication number: 20090004390
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to pigment compositions, thick film black pigment compositions, conductive single layer thick film compositions, black electrodes made from such black conductive compositions and methods of forming such electrodes, and to the uses of such compositions, electrodes, and methods in flat panel display applications, including alternating-current plasma display panel devices (AC PDP).
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 28, 2007
    Publication date: January 1, 2009
    Inventors: Jerome David Smith, Pedro A. Jimenez, Tony Jackson
  • Patent number: 7220305
    Abstract: A particulate metal oxide having the mean length of the primary particles in the range from 50 to 90 nm, the mean width of the primary particles in the range from 5 to 20 nm, and the median volume particle diameter of the secondary particles is less than 45 nm. The metal oxide can be used in a sunscreen product that exhibits both effective UV protection and improved transparency.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 2005
    Date of Patent: May 22, 2007
    Assignee: Croda International PLC
    Inventors: Graham Paul Dransfield, Susan Cutter, Phillip Lawrence Lyth
  • Patent number: 7141111
    Abstract: Described herein are embedded pigments consisting of a labile chromophore englobed in a coating of refractory and transparent material formed by nanomolecular particles, also described are oxides of refractory and transparent materials in the form of nanoparticles and their use for coating labile chromophores or ceramic surfaces.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 6, 2003
    Date of Patent: November 28, 2006
    Assignee: Colorobbia Italia S.P.A.
    Inventors: Giovanni Baldi, Andrea Barzanti, Marco Bitossi
  • Patent number: 7011703
    Abstract: Inorganic pigments, having deposited on the pigment surface at least one alkenyl- or alkyl-substituted succinic anhydride and at least one organic polyol, possess improved processibility and dispersibility in thermoplastic materials, and impart improved properties to thermoplastic compositions containing said surface-treated pigments.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 24, 2005
    Date of Patent: March 14, 2006
    Assignee: Kerr-McGee Chemical LLC
    Inventor: Daniel H. Craig
  • Patent number: 6966998
    Abstract: A method of providing covert security features for documents such as vouchers, packaged goods and banknotes in which the document is provided with a dopant. The dopant consisting of a material which can be identified by examination of its response to visible wavelength photon radiation and which can be applied directly on or into the document or can be fused into glass matrices before application.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 8, 1999
    Date of Patent: November 22, 2005
    Inventor: Alexander Rollo Spowart
  • Patent number: 6958091
    Abstract: Inorganic pigments treated with at least one amide of a fatty acid and an aliphatic amine possess improved processibility and dispersibility in thermoplastic materials, and impart improved properties to thermoplastic compositions containing said surface-treated pigments.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 7, 2004
    Date of Patent: October 25, 2005
    Assignee: Kerr-McGee Chemical LLC
    Inventor: Daniel H. Craig
  • Patent number: 6946028
    Abstract: Inorganic pigments treated with one or more of the ?,?-dialkyl substituted linear or branched carboxylic acids and the salts thereof possess improved processibility and dispersibility in thermoplastic materials, and impart improved properties to thermoplastic compositions containing said surface-treated pigments.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 7, 2004
    Date of Patent: September 20, 2005
    Assignee: Kerr-McGee Chemical LLC
    Inventor: Daniel H. Craig
  • Patent number: 6818050
    Abstract: Paint and coating material system comprising a) at least one solids component comprising at least one organic or inorganic white, black or chromatic pigment, organic or inorganic fillers, or mixtures thereof, and b) at least one binder component, characterized in that the components of the system in water, with a specific energy input of less than 150 J/cm3, based on the sum of the volumes of the components and water, produced an aqueous dispersion having a particle size of <60 &mgr;m (determined in accordance with ISO 1524: 1983).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 2001
    Date of Patent: November 16, 2004
    Assignee: Bayer Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventor: Peter-Roger Nyssen
  • Patent number: 6811601
    Abstract: Pigment preparations comprising A) at least one organic or inorganic pigment and B) at least one ethoxylated and propoxylated and/or butoxylated polyethyleneimine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 25, 2002
    Date of Patent: November 2, 2004
    Assignee: BASF Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Oliver Borzyk, Jürgen Huff, Manfred Mielke, Rüdiger Sens
  • Patent number: 6800127
    Abstract: The present invention relates to pigment preparations comprising polyamide particles with an average particle size of below 50 &mgr;m and a pigment of an average particle size below 0.2 &mgr;m. The inventive pigment preparations are useful for coloring high molecular weight material, like coatings, inks and in particular plastics like polyvinyl chloride, polyamide, polyester, polycarbonate and, especially polyamide fibers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 29, 2003
    Date of Patent: October 5, 2004
    Assignee: Ciba Specialty Chemicals Corporation
    Inventor: Fridolin Bäbler
  • Patent number: 6793720
    Abstract: A solid marking composition comprises a solid matrix containing at least one type of optically variable interference pigment flakes. The solid marking composition provides a document or article with a copy and counterfeit protection feature, and is preferably used in a writing instrument for applying hand-written anti-counterfeit markings and signatures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 26, 2002
    Date of Patent: September 21, 2004
    Assignee: SICPA Holding S.A.
    Inventors: Edgar Müller, Olivier Rozumek
  • Publication number: 20030223940
    Abstract: A particulate metal oxide having a mean length of the primary particles in the range from 50 to 90 nm, the mean width of the primary particles in the range from 5 to 20 nm, and the median volume particle diameter of the secondary particles is less than 45 nm. The metal oxide can be used in a sunscreen product that exhibits both effective UV protection and improved transparency.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 20, 2002
    Publication date: December 4, 2003
    Applicant: Imperial Chemical Industrial PLC
    Inventors: Graham Paul Dransfield, Susan Cutter, Philip Laurence Lyth
  • Patent number: 6582506
    Abstract: Pigment flakes having cores preferably composed of resins, polymers, thermoplastics, and/or thermosets with colorant (pigment and/or dyes) deposited thereon, coating applications thereof, and a method for making pigment flakes which includes providing a core material, compounding the core material, processing the core material into uniform forms such as films, wires, thread with rectangular cross sections and bead strings, providing colorant material, vaporizing the colorant material, exposing a surface of core material to the vaporized colorant material to form a layer of colorant on thereon, and fracturing the resultant colorant layered core material into flakes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 25, 2001
    Date of Patent: June 24, 2003
    Assignee: Hampden Papers, Inc.
    Inventor: Michael E. Archambeault
  • Patent number: 6494943
    Abstract: Colored pigments having one or more desired parameters and/or properties are described. These parameters and/or properties include: a) a particles size of from about 10 nm to about 300 nm; b) an accusizer number of less than 1010 particles/ml of dispersion at 15% solids which are greater than 0.5 micron; c) a filterability such that when in a liquid medium, 100 ml having 10% solids of the colored pigment filters through a 3 micron nylon absolute filter; d) a colored pigment purity of greater than about 80%, based on extractable material; and/or e) a stability such that the above-described properties do not change by more than 50% at 25 degrees C. for at least one week. Colored pigments having at least one organic group and having one or more of the above-described characteristics is also described as well as a process for preparing surface-modified colored pigments.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 27, 2000
    Date of Patent: December 17, 2002
    Assignee: Cabot Corporation
    Inventors: Yuan Yu, Friedrich K. von Gottberg, Robert M. Amici, Paul S. Palumbo
  • Patent number: 6235105
    Abstract: Optical coating compositions containing thin film particulates or pigments that are capable of imparting to the coating preselected optical characteristics or properties, such as selective reflectance, transmission and absorptance of light energy, are comprised of film forming binder and improved high volume pigment particles dispersed in the binder. Each pigment particle is a high volume flake comprised of an inorganic or polymer core having two sides and a thin film optical structure deposited onto each of the two sides of the core. The core occupies a large volume of the coating composition and dramatically reduces the number of flakes and the amount of thin film structures required to produce a coating of given thickness and desired optical properties. The core may also be fabricated to have diffuse and irregular side surfaces in order to render the applied coating visually diffuse and nonspecular. Methods of making the pigment particles are disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 19, 1999
    Date of Patent: May 22, 2001
    Assignee: General Atomics
    Inventors: Ronald N. Hubbard, Terry D. Gulden, Michael T. Martin
  • Patent number: 6214106
    Abstract: The present invention provides a process for the production of hydrophobic inorganic oxide products which comprises reacting the inorganic oxide particles with organohalosilanes, preferably organochlorosilanes, to produce hydrophobic organosilane coated inorganic oxides. It is preferred that the organohalosilane compounds be reacted with the inorganic oxide particles in an aqueous slurry and subjected to intense mixing. The inorganic oxide pigments prepared by the processes of this invention have essentially quantitative retention of the organosilanes and contain no adsorbed aldehydes on their surface. The by-products produced in the preferred embodiments of the invention are innocuous salts, which are environmentally safe and readily disposable.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 28, 1998
    Date of Patent: April 10, 2001
    Assignee: Millenium Inorganic Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Leon Weber, Robert J. Kostelnik, Charles Wheddon
  • Patent number: 6174359
    Abstract: Ceramic decoration coloring substances substantially containing a zirconium pigment of the host lattice or inclusion type and a glass flux at a pigment volume concentration (PVC) of at least 30% have an increased color saturation C* if the glass flux comprises at least 71 wt. % PbO. Preferred decoration coloring substances have a PVC in the range from 40 to 70% and a PbO content of 75 to 85 wt. %. The decoration coloring substances are especially suitable for production of decorations, burned at 1000 to 1250°C, with increased color saturation C*.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 1998
    Date of Patent: January 16, 2001
    Assignee: Cerdec Aktiengesellschaft Keramische Farben
    Inventors: Dietrich Speer, Holger Jarnicki, Adalbert Huber
  • Patent number: 6132505
    Abstract: The present invention relates to inorganic pigment pellets for coloring building materials, lacquers and plastics and to a process for the production thereof and to the use thereof inter alia for the production of pastes, suspensions and emulsion paints.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 3, 1998
    Date of Patent: October 17, 2000
    Assignee: Bayer Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Gunter Linde, Kai Butje, Manfred Eitel
  • Patent number: 6123763
    Abstract: A colorless or only slightly colored pigment dispersing agent which is feasible as a pigment dispersing agent for pigments having various hues and has the general formula (1), ##STR1## wherein R.sub.1, R.sub.2, X.sub.1, Y.sub.1, Y.sub.2, k and h are as defined in claim 1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 20, 1999
    Date of Patent: September 26, 2000
    Assignee: Toyo Ink Mfg. Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Takashi Kamikubo, Yuuji Hirasawa, Toru Omura
  • Patent number: 6063182
    Abstract: A stir-in pigment composition for coloring high-molecular-weight material, particularly coatings and ink systems, comprises 85 to 99.5 parts by weight of a pigment and 0.5 to 15 parts by weight of an additive comprising a vinylpyrrolidone polymer or copolymer. The stir-in pigment composition is in the form of microgranules and is obtainable by spray drying a high solids content aqueous pigment dispersion containing the pigment and the additive. The new pigment composition powders are easily handled, easily wetted and disperse rapidly to form homogeneous aqueous pigment dispersions which are practically free of larger pigment aggregates and can readily be incorporated into aqueous ink and paint systems as stir-in pigments without a dispersion step in a bead mill.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 1998
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2000
    Assignee: Ciba Speciality Chemicals Corporation
    Inventor: Fridolin Babler
  • Patent number: 6019834
    Abstract: A pigment of the present invention comprises:pigment particle as core particle;a lower coat formed on at least a part of surface of the pigment particle, comprising squaric acid, polyol having an anthraquinone skeleton represented by the general formula (I): ##STR1## wherein m is an integer of 0 to 4, n is an integer of 0 to 4 and m+n is an integer of 2 to 4,or a mixture of the squaric acid and the polyol having an anthraquinone skeleton represented by the general formula (I); andan upper coat formed on at least a part of surface of the obtained particle, comprising at least one alkylene glycol represented by the general formula (II):C.sub.q H.sub.2q (OH).sub.2 (II)wherein q is an integer of 2 to 10.Such pigment has excellent dispersion facility, dispersion homogeneity and dispersion stability, and is suitably used for not only organic solvent-type paints but also water-based paints.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 5, 1998
    Date of Patent: February 1, 2000
    Assignee: Toda Kogyo Corporation
    Inventors: Kazuyuki Hayashi, Mineko Ohsugi, Hiroko Morii, Mamoru Kamigaki
  • Patent number: 5997627
    Abstract: The disclosure describes pigment compositions containing a small particle size porous filler and a pigment, and their use for preparing effect coating compositions which produce thin film finishes exhibiting strong lightness and color flop with a pronounced three dimensional effect. The thin film finishes are particularly interesting as automotive finishes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 12, 1997
    Date of Patent: December 7, 1999
    Assignee: Ciba Specialty Chemicals Corporation
    Inventor: Fridolin Babler
  • Patent number: 5961710
    Abstract: The invention relates to granules of inorganic pigments, a process for their production using several auxiliary substances by compacting and their use in many technical fields.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 12, 1998
    Date of Patent: October 5, 1999
    Assignee: Bayer Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Gunter Linde, Manfred Eitel, Olaf Schmidt-Park, Kai Butje
  • Patent number: 5908499
    Abstract: Disclosed is a system of natural colors consisting of thousands of colored powders of mineral origin and of materials in or on which pigments have been applied and, afterwards, submitted to at least one thermal treatment and/or irradiation. These natural colors cover the totality of the visible spectrum and offer a great variety of tones, tints and reflections from white to black, including all the rainbow colors. The powders of this system are obtained by a combination of two mechanical, chemical, thermal and/or physical processes and are used alone or in combination. They are particularly useful to color materials and, more especially those used in the construction and architectural fields.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 8, 1996
    Date of Patent: June 1, 1999
    Inventor: Paulette Tourangeau
  • Patent number: 5891237
    Abstract: Spherical agglomerates of finely divided material such as inorganic oxides are prepared by admixing a slurry of finely divided material with a solution of a partially neutralised carboxylic acid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 8, 1997
    Date of Patent: April 6, 1999
    Assignee: Millennium Inorganic Chemicals, Ltd.
    Inventor: Stephen Phillip Kinniard
  • Patent number: 5656328
    Abstract: Gels based on a network of oxygen-bridged metal and/or semi-metal atoms and produced using a hydrolytic sol-gel process are often not homogeneous. Known non-hydrolytic sol-gel processes give rise to gels containing halogen.A novel non-hydrolytic sol-gel process has been found which gives rise to halogen-free and homogeneous gels and to xerogels obtainable therefrom.In this process, one or more compounds (I) from the series of metal or semi-metal alkoxides, oxoalkoxides, amides or oxoamides are condensed, with elimination of carboxylic acid esters or carboxylic acid amides, until gelation occurs with one or more compounds (II) from the series of metal or semi-metal carboxylates or oxocarboxylates in an anhydrous organic solvent containing no hydroxyl groups.Preferred gels and xerogels contain in the network metal or semi-metal atoms from main group and subgroup III to V and from the rare-earth elements.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 21, 1995
    Date of Patent: August 12, 1997
    Assignee: Cerdec Aktiengesellschaft Keramische Farben
    Inventors: Martin Jansen, Eberhard Gunther
  • Patent number: 5653794
    Abstract: The present invention provides a process for the production of hydrophobic inorganic oxide products which comprises reacting the inorganic oxide particles with organohalosilanes, preferably organochlorosilanes, to produce hydrophobic organosilane coated inorganic oxides. It is preferred that the organohalosilane compounds be reacted with the inorganic oxide particles in an aqueous slurry. The inorganic oxide pigments prepared by the processes of this invention have essentially quantitative retention of the organosilanes and contain no adsorbed aldehydes on their surface. The by-products produced in the preferred embodiments of the invention are innocuous salts, which are environmentally safe and readily disposable.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 1, 1995
    Date of Patent: August 5, 1997
    Assignee: SCM Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Leon Weber, Robert J. Kostelnik, Charles Wheddon
  • Patent number: 5534056
    Abstract: Radiation-absorptive materials, suitable for fabrication into packages, sheets, inks, paints, decorative surface treatments, lotions, creams, and gels are disclosed. The materials exploit certain optical properties associated with uniform, spherical, nanosize particles to provide complete radiation absorption, over a selected bandwidth, at low concentration. One type of particle exhibits an "absorption edge" at a chosen wavelength, transmitting radiation whose wavelength exceeds the characteristic bandgap wavelength, while effectively absorbing all radiation with wavelengths smaller than that minimum. Another type of particle exhibits "optical resonance," which causes radiation of a characteristic wavelength to interact with the particles so as to produce self-reinforcing internal reflections that strongly enhance the amplitude of the radiation trapped within the particle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 28, 1993
    Date of Patent: July 9, 1996
    Assignee: Manfred R. Kuehnle
    Inventors: Manfred R. Kuehnle, Hermann Statz
  • Patent number: 5527386
    Abstract: Radiation-absorptive materials, suitable for fabrication into packages, sheets, inks, paints, decorative surface treatments, lotions, creams, and gels are disclosed. The materials exploit certain optical properties associated with uniform, spherical, nanosize particles to provide complete radiation absorption, over a selected bandwidth, at low concentration. One type of particle exhibits an "absorption edge" at a chosen wavelength, transmitting radiation whose wavelength exceeds the characteristic bandgap wavelength, while effectively absorbing all radiation with wavelengths smaller than that minimum. Another type of particle exhibits "optical resonance," which causes radiation of a characteristic wavelength to interact with the particles so as to produce self-reinforcing internal reflections that strongly enhance the amplitude of the radiation trapped within the particle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 18, 1994
    Date of Patent: June 18, 1996
    Assignee: Manfred R. Kuehnle
    Inventor: Hermann Statz
  • Patent number: 5405588
    Abstract: A process for the recovery of a metal, in particular, cadmium contained in scrap, in a stable form. The process comprises the steps of mixing the cadmium-containing scrap with an ammonium carbonate solution, preferably at least a stoichiometric amount of ammonium carbonate, and/or free ammonia, and an oxidizing agent to form a first mixture so that the cadmium will react with the ammonium carbonate to form a water-soluble ammine complex; evaporating the first mixture so that ammine complex dissociates from the first mixture leaving carbonate ions to react with the cadmium and form a second mixture that includes cadmium carbonate; optionally adding water to the second mixture to form a third mixture; adjusting the pH of the third mixture to the acid range whereby the cadmium carbonate will dissolve; and adding at least a stoichiometric amount of sulfide, preferably in the form of hydrogen sulfide or an aqueous ammonium sulfide solution, to the third mixture to precipitate cadmium sulfide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 11, 1994
    Date of Patent: April 11, 1995
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventor: James W. Kronberg
  • Patent number: 5389402
    Abstract: A method for producing decorations which are color-stable in a porcelain firing (glost firing), and a pigment composition suitable for this method, is disclosed. Inclusion pigments based on heavy-metal sulfides and selenides in an oxidic or silicate casing, especially ZrSiO.sub.4, result in more color-stable decorations in a porcelain firing if color-stabilizing auxiliary agents from the series of Zn compounds, especially ZnO or zinc-containing glass frits, or cerium(III) or cerium(IV) compounds, especially CeO.sub.2, are used in the decorative layer and/or glaze layer as color-stabilizing auxiliary agents. The amount used in the decorative layer is generally 5 to 50% by weight in the case of ZnO and CeO.sub.2, relative to the inclusion pigment. The pigment composition contains at least one of the color-stabilizing auxiliary agents in addition to an inclusion pigment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 12, 1993
    Date of Patent: February 14, 1995
    Assignee: Degussa Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Dietrich Speer, Akos Kiss, Jenny Horst, Guenter Halbritter, Rita Loew
  • Patent number: 5190586
    Abstract: Disclosed are pigment composite particles which are superior in water resistance, weather resistance, thermal stability and hardness. The pigment composite particles are prepared by suspension-polymerizing an aqueous suspension comprising(a) a pigment paste comprising pigment and a pigment grinding resin having a hydrophilic group of at least 0.2 mmol/g,(b) a polymerizable monomer and(c) a polymerization initiator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 28, 1990
    Date of Patent: March 2, 1993
    Assignee: Nippon Paint Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Katsumi Mizuguchi, Masanori Ohiwa, Keizou Ishii, Shinichi Ishikura
  • Patent number: 5017231
    Abstract: A heat-resistant pigment can be produced by forming a dense and uniform coating on the surface of the pigment by contacting a hydrophilic pigment with a metal oxide in at least partly water-miscible solvent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 3, 1990
    Date of Patent: May 21, 1991
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Kinzoku Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Akira Nishihara, Makoto Tsunashima
  • Patent number: 4960466
    Abstract: A coating solution of a composition comprising in admixture(a) a solution of a cadmium compound(b) a solution of tin compound(c) a beta-diketone complexing agent, and(d) ammonia and or an amine, and reaction products thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 14, 1988
    Date of Patent: October 2, 1990
    Assignee: Victorian Solar Energy Council
    Inventor: Andrew J. Koplick
  • Patent number: 4894092
    Abstract: A heat-resistant pigment can be produced by forming a dense and uniform coating on the surface of the pigment by contacting said pigment with a metal alkoxide diluted with a water-miscible or semi-water-miscible solvent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 14, 1987
    Date of Patent: January 16, 1990
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Kinzoku Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Akira Nishihara, Makoto Tsunashima
  • Patent number: 4810303
    Abstract: Hexagonal cadmium sulfide, a bright yellow pigment useful in high temperature processing, is produced by reacting cadmium sulfate solution with a solution of a soluble sulfide under pressure and at a temperature of about 250.degree. C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 1987
    Date of Patent: March 7, 1989
    Assignee: Amax Inc.
    Inventors: Guy W. Lussiez, Eddie C. Chou, Leo W. Beckstead