Soil, Diatomaceous Earth, Clay, Slate Or Shale Containing, Or Material For Treating Soil Or Earth (e.g., Soil Stabilization, Etc.) Patents (Class 106/718)
  • Patent number: 10377670
    Abstract: A composition for forming molded mantels, columns and other decorative enhancement to fireplace openings is formed of a mixture of alpha hemihydrate gypsum plaster, cement, filler and milled fiber. By using this composition with water and acrylic binder a mixture is formed which sets and gains strength quickly and is an ideal material for manufacturing architectural and decorative structures. Advantageously, a casted piece can be removed from a mold within two to three hours after casting. The finished product has a desired finish that is similar to a casted gypsum cement, referred to sometimes as a honed finish which can withstand high heat, discoloration and cracking while maintaining suitable strength when exposed to typical temperatures of a fireplace surround in indoor applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 1, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 13, 2019
    Inventor: Alireza Molaei Manesh
  • Patent number: 10316239
    Abstract: The present invention provides for a compressible grout mix for filling an annular gap between a tunnel rock wall surface and a tunnel liner of a tunnel in a rock formation subject to time dependent deformation after excavation and a method of filling the annular gap between a tunnel rock wall surface and a tunnel liner of a tunnel in a rock formation subject to time dependent deformation after excavation utilizing the compressible grout mix for resilient absorption of forces in the hardened state of the compressible grout mix exerted by the time dependent deformation of the rock wall surface into the tunnel opening. The method includes: a. providing the compressible grout mix comprising hydraulic binding agent, bentonite clay, polymer foam particles, water-reducing admixture, water and air, b. placing the compressible grout mix in the annular gap between the tunnel wall rock surface and the tunnel liner, and c.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 8, 2017
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Inventor: Tony Dimillo
  • Patent number: 9724672
    Abstract: Process for the preparation of an additive comprising TiO2 particles dispersed on a support of pseudo-layered phyllosilicate-type, comprising the dispersion in water of the support, the acid activation of the support and the high-shear dispersion of the support with the TiO2 particles Use of the particles obtained by this process as additives with photocatalytic activity for water purification and disinfection, for purification of polluted gas streams and to provide materials, in particular construction materials, with self-cleaning, biocide, deodorization and/or pollution reduction properties in the presence of air and ultraviolet light.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 7, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 8, 2017
    Assignees: Acciona Infraestructuras, S.A., Tolsa, S.A.
    Inventors: Antonio Alvarez Berenguer, Aurora Maria Casado Barrasa, Antonio Esteban Cubillo, Javier Gravalos Moreno, Antonio Jose Sanchez Rojo, Julio Santaren Rome, Jose Vera Agullo
  • Patent number: 9676673
    Abstract: The invention provides a process for the bio-based reparation of a concrete element having an element surface with cavities, comprising applying a first liquid with a first composition and a second liquid with a second composition to the element surface of the concrete element to provide a combined product to the cavities, wherein the first composition and the second composition are selected to provide gel formation in the cavities after application of one or more of the first liquid and the second liquid to the element surface, wherein the first composition and the second composition are also selected to provide bacterial material, a calcium source, and a nutrient for bacteria in the cavities after application of the first liquid and the second liquid to the element surface, wherein the first liquid at least comprises sodium silicate and wherein the second liquid at least comprises the calcium source.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 16, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 13, 2017
    Assignees: Technische Universiteit Delft, Stitchting Voor De Technische Wetenschappen
    Inventors: Virginie Aline Christiane Wiktor, Hendrik Marius Jonkers
  • Patent number: 9650296
    Abstract: A cement slurry composition, containing hydraulic cement, water, and from 1 to less than 4% of an organically modified nanoclay. A method for cementing a high pressure high temperature well by pumping the cement composition of claim 1 between a casing and a formation of a well bore to fill a gap between the casing and the formation, and allowing the cement to harden.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2017
    Assignee: King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals
    Inventors: Muhammad Kalimur Rahman, Mobeen Murtaza, Abdulaziz Abdalla Al-Majed, Mesfer Mohammed Al-Zahrani
  • Patent number: 9416052
    Abstract: A composition, in the form of a concrete, cement paste, mortar or intermediate thereof, comprising one or more cementitious binder materials present in an amount ranging from 0.5% to 75% by weight of the composition, attapulgite present in an amount ranging from 0.01% to 1.00% by weight of the composition, and optionally water. Although subject to many uses, in some embodiments, the composition is suitable for applications in need or desire of self-consolidating concretes (SCCs), precast concrete, shotcrete, and the like. Although makeable by multiple methods, in some embodiments, the composition is made by mixing the component ingredients. In some embodiments, the composition has one or more properties chosen from superior aggregate suspension, eliminated segregation, improved workability, improved flowability, improved pumpability—or improved overall performance—of concretes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 30, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 16, 2016
    Assignee: ACTIVE MINERALS INTERNATIONAL, LLC
    Inventors: Steven B. Feldman, Robert J. Purcell, Jr., Peter Tutbury, Paul Fendley, Dennis C. Parker, Rudolph Coetzee
  • Patent number: 9382157
    Abstract: Cementitious compositions and methods for preparing and using the cementitious compositions to yield hardened concrete. The cementitious compositions yield hardened concrete having reduced or attenuated water vapor emission and lower internal relative humidity (IRH). Cementitious compositions are characterized by the property of rapid surface drying while maintaining good workability, particularly when using porous lightweight aggregates that absorb substantial amounts of water. Methods of decreasing water availability and increasing surface drying of concrete, including lightweight concrete, are provided. A water soluble ionic salt may be used to sequester water within the pores and capillaries of the cement paste and/or porous lightweight aggregate by modifying the colligative property of pore water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 20, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 5, 2016
    Assignee: US CONCRETE, INC.
    Inventors: Alana Grace Guzzetta, Ryan Allen Henkensiefken, Raymond C. Turpin
  • Patent number: 9023150
    Abstract: The present invention relates to acid-soluble cement compositions that comprise cement kiln dust (“CKD”) and/or a natural pozzolan and associated methods of use. An embodiment includes a method of cementing comprising: placing an acid-soluble cement composition in a subterranean formation, wherein the acid-soluble cement composition comprises a hydraulic cement, a component selected from the group consisting of CKD, pumicite, and a combination thereof, and water; allowing the acid-soluble cement composition to set; and contacting the set acid-soluble cement composition with an acid to dissolve the set acid-soluble cement composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 19, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2015
    Inventors: D. Chad Brenneis, Craig W. Roddy, James R. Benkley, Preston DePlacido, William J. Caveny, Rickey L. Morgan, Ronnie G. Morgan
  • Patent number: 8986445
    Abstract: The invention is directed to a construction material and to the use of modified layered inorganic material. The construction material of the invention comprises a layered inorganic material, which layered inorganic material comprises an ionic organic modifier compound and a biocide. The construction material of the invention has increased resistance against microbial fouling.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: Nederlandse Organisatie voor Toegepast-Natuurwetenschappelijk Onderzoek TNO
    Inventors: Jacobus Eversdijk, Karin Tempelaars, Rudolf Hartmut Fischer
  • Patent number: 8961684
    Abstract: A method and system for producing modified coal combustion products are disclosed. The additives reduce the particle sizes of the coal combustion product and may reduce the amount of un-burned carbon in the coal combustion product, making the modified product useful as an addition to cementitious materials.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 14, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: Ash Improvement Technology Inc.
    Inventor: Wayne Fried
  • Patent number: 8888910
    Abstract: Disclosed are encapsulated zinc compounds, together with methods for preparing and use the same. Also disclosed are methods for mixing the encapsulated zinc mixtures with a cement, and the resulting concrete compositions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 23, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 18, 2014
    Assignees: Board of Regents of the University of Texas System, Kansas State University Research Foundation
    Inventors: Maria C. G. Juenger, Sarah Clare Taylor Lange, Kyle Riding
  • Patent number: 8858703
    Abstract: A zinc-oxide based set retardant additive and admixture for use in Portland cement or other hydraulic cement mixtures. The admixture may comprise silica fume, vitreous calcium aluminosilicate, magnesium aluminum silicate hydrate, a cellulose ether derivative, or their equivalents. The zinc-oxide based set retardant may be interground or pre-blended, pre-packaged, or added on the jobsite, as an admixture, additive, or addition. The zinc-based set retardant may be subsequently added or mixed into a ready mix or wet mixture of portland cement or other hydraulic cement, sand and/or aggregate, with or without fillers, and water, with or without other pozzolans or polymers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 14, 2014
    Assignee: Pebble Technology, Inc.
    Inventor: Jonathan E. Dongell
  • Patent number: 8858704
    Abstract: A manufactured cementitious binder includes a hydraulic binder in an amount in the range of from 40 to 75% by weight of the cementitious binder; metakaolin in an amount in the range of from 1 to 30% by weight of the cementitious binder; silica fume in an amount up to 15% by weight of the cementitious binder; limestone in an amount of from 5 to 30% by weight of the cementitious binder, and a cementitious accelerator in a controlled amount of at least 0.5% by weight of the cementitious binder, the cementitious binder providing a cementitious settable composition when added with water, wherein for a density lower than 13 pounds per gallon and of at least 11 pounds per gallon obtained without a lightweight additive, said cementitious settable composition exhibits a 24 hour compressive strength at 100 F, as hardened, of at least 500 psi.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 14, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 14, 2014
    Assignee: Lafarge
    Inventors: Wes Woytowich, Bill Carruthers, Paul Lehoux, Greg Daderko
  • Publication number: 20140230696
    Abstract: The present invention relates to the production of ternesite clinkers containing 20 to 100% by weight C5S2$ and less than 15% by weight C4A3$, and to the use of ternesite as an additive to Portland cement or Portland composite cement, and to a binder containing 20 to 95% by weight Portland cement (clinker) and 80 to 5% by weight ternesite (clinker).
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 16, 2012
    Publication date: August 21, 2014
    Applicant: HEIDELBERGCEMENT AG
    Inventors: Frank Bullerjahn, Dirk Schmitt, Mohsen Ben Haha, Barbara Batog, Linda Irbe
  • Patent number: 8741054
    Abstract: The present invention provides combustion products of hydrocarbon fuels and controlled amounts of metal oxide strength enhancing materials. The combustion products are useful as additives to cementitious materials. A hydrocarbon fuel such as coal is introduced into a combustion chamber and selected amounts of materials comprising CaO, SiO2 and Al2O3 are also introduced into and/or downstream from the chamber. The hydrocarbon fuel undergoes combustion while the metal oxide strength enhancing materials react with each other and/or the ash or other reaction products of the hydrocarbon fuel. The combustion products have been found to significantly increase compressive strengths of cements such as Portland cement. A reduction in SO2 emission levels also results from the introduction of the metal oxide strength enhancing materials into the combustion process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 23, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 3, 2014
    Assignee: Ash Improvement Technology, Inc.
    Inventor: Wayne Fried
  • Patent number: 8728230
    Abstract: A liquid aqueous suspension of polysaccharide, contains a mass concentration of at least one polysaccharide of between 15 and 35% in the form of partially hydrated particles dispersed in an aqueous solution of a strong base salt, excluding ammonium salts, with an ionic strength of between 1.25 mol/L and 15 mol/L, has a pH greater than 9 and contains at least one non-phyllitic crystalline mineral powder, referred to hereafter as filler, which is chemically inert in the aqueous suspension and which has a grain size of between 0.1 and 100 micrometers and an attapulgite in micronized form, the aqueous suspension being stable at least in a temperature range from 5 to 30° C. The suspension is suitable for use as an agent for thickening cementitious compositions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 20, 2014
    Assignee: Ciments Francais
    Inventors: Faber Fabbris, Soraya Mehalebi
  • Patent number: 8685156
    Abstract: The present invention relates to the use of polycationic compound in combination with a hydroxycarboxylic acid or salt thereof to enhance slump retention in cements and concretes having clay-bearing aggregates, wherein the clay otherwise absorbs or diminishes the dosage efficiency of polycarboxylate superplasticizers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 10, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 1, 2014
    Assignee: W. R. Grace & Co.-Conn.
    Inventors: Hideo Koyata, Shuqiang Zhang, Byong-wa Chun
  • Patent number: 8603952
    Abstract: The present invention includes well treatment fluids and methods utilizing nano-particles. An embodiment of a method of the present invention may comprise introducing a treatment fluid comprising nano-clay into a subterranean formation. The treatment fluid may be selected from the group consisting of a cement composition, a drilling fluid, a spacer fluid, and a lost circulation control composition. Another embodiment of the present invention may comprise a method of cementing. The method of cementing may comprise introducing a cement composition comprising a hydraulic cement, nano-clay, and water into a subterranean formation. The method further may comprise allowing the cement composition to set in the subterranean formation. Yet another embodiment of the present invention may comprise a treatment fluid, the treatment fluid comprising nano-clay. The treatment fluid may be selected from the group consisting of a cement composition, a drilling fluid, a spacer fluid, and a lost circulation control composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 10, 2013
    Assignee: Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.
    Inventors: Craig W. Roddy, Ricky L. Covington, Jiten Chatterji, D. Chad Brenneis
  • Patent number: 8580029
    Abstract: Disclosed are a system, a method and/or composition of reduction of carbon dioxide in the manufacturing of cement and concrete. In one embodiment, a method of producing a concrete, includes preparing a dried powder mixture of an alkali hydroxide, a sodium silicate, clay and a pozzolanic material. The dried powder with water may be reacted to form a cement paste. In addition, the cement paste may be mixed with at one of sand, an aggregate, a plasticizer and a nano additive to form the concrete.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 12, 2013
    Assignee: King Abdulaziz City Science and Technology
    Inventors: Mohd Mustafa Albakri Abdullah, Mohammed A Binhussain, Kamarudin Hussin, Mohd Ruzaidi Ghazali, Norazian Mohammed Noor, Mohammad Tamizi Selimin
  • Patent number: 8551242
    Abstract: A method of servicing a wellbore in a subterranean formation, comprising preparing a cement composition comprising water and a cementitious material, wherein the cementitious material further comprises blast furnace slag, vitrified shale, calcium sulfate hemi-hydrate or combinations thereof, and placing the cement composition in the wellbore. A cement composition comprising water and a cementitious material, wherein the cementitious material further comprises blast furnace slag, vitrified shale, calcium sulfate hemi-hydrate or combinations thereof. A cement composition comprising water and a cementitious material, wherein the cementitious material further comprises blast furnace slag.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 14, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 8, 2013
    Assignee: Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.
    Inventors: Lance E. Brothers, Anthony Palmer
  • Patent number: 8535435
    Abstract: A low-pressure method for producing construction materials, such as blocks, bricks or slabs, utilizing high percentages of waste cement dust in admixture with additive material capable of effectively neutralizing the high lime content and agglomerating the extremely fine particles of the cement dust upon blending of the admixture with water. The resulting blend may simply be cast in molds of various shapes and sizes and cured under normal atmospheric pressure conditions into a hardened construction material exhibiting high strength, light weight and high thermal insulation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 4, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2013
    Assignee: Materials and Electrochemical Research (MER) Corporation
    Inventors: Magdi M. Nasrallah, Raouf O. Loutfy
  • Patent number: 8501128
    Abstract: Sorbent components containing halogen, calcium, alumina, and silica are used in combination during coal combustion to produce environmental benefits. Sorbents such as calcium bromide are added to the coal ahead of combustion and other components are added into the flame or downstream of the flame, preferably at minimum temperatures to assure complete formation of the refractory structures that result in various advantages of the methods. When used together, the components reduce emissions of elemental and oxidized mercury; increase the level of Hg, As, Pb, and/or Cl in the coal ash; decrease the levels of leachable heavy metals (such as Hg) in the ash, preferably to levels below the detectable limits; and make a highly cementitious ash product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 22, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 6, 2013
    Inventor: Douglas C. Comrie
  • Publication number: 20130196061
    Abstract: Fiber-containing composite particles and fiber-reinforced barrier matrix compositions made from them are disclosed. The composite particles include a core, a hydratable clay mineral layer, an optional protective coating, and a reinforcing fiber. The fiber may be present in any or all of several locations: adhered to the core, dispersed in the hydratable layer or in the protective coating. Upon hydration, the hydratable clay mineral layer swells and forms a matrix that cohesively holds the fibers and the core in a fiber-reinforced barrier matrix composition.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 7, 2011
    Publication date: August 1, 2013
    Applicant: AQUABLOK, LTD.
    Inventor: John H. Hull
  • Patent number: 8480802
    Abstract: A cementitious compostion for high density, low porosity sheet-form building materials having solid surfaces is comprised of cement, pozzolans, and a high percentage of fine and/or coarse glass aggregate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 19, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 9, 2013
    Assignee: Polycor Vetrazzo, Inc.
    Inventor: Donald Martin McPherson
  • Patent number: 8480801
    Abstract: [Object] Providing a solidified ceramic body with an improved mechanical strength, wherein the solidified ceramic body is fabricated by activating ceramic powder through mechanochemical treatment and solidifying the activated ceramic powder through alkali treatment. [Method of Solution] Activated ceramic powder having mechanochemically amorphized surfaces is obtained by grinding ceramic powder which is composed of silicic acid and/or silicate at least at surfaces thereof (grinding process). Inorganic fibers and/or plastic fibers are added to the activated ceramic powder and are mixed with the activated ceramic powder (mixing process), and a solidified ceramic body is obtained by adding alkali water solution containing alkaline metal hydroxide and/or alkaline earth metal hydroxide to the powder (alkali treatment process).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 26, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 9, 2013
    Assignee: National University Corporation Nagoya Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Masayoshi Fuji, Tomohiro Yamakawa, Minoru Takahashi
  • Publication number: 20130061779
    Abstract: An embodiment of the present invention comprises a method of cementing comprising: placing a settable composition into a well bore, the settable composition comprising unexpanded perlite, cement kiln dust, and water; and allowing the settable composition to set. Another embodiment of the present invention comprises a method of cementing comprising: placing a settable composition into a well bore, the settable composition comprising ground unexpanded perlite, Portland cement interground with pumicite, and water; and allowing the settable composition to set. Yet another embodiment of the present invention comprises a settable composition comprising: ground unexpanded perlite; cement kiln dust; and water.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 5, 2012
    Publication date: March 14, 2013
    Applicant: HALLIBURTON ENERGY SERVICES, INC.
    Inventor: HALLIBURTON ENERGY SERVICES, INC.
  • Patent number: 8353984
    Abstract: The invention relates generally to a cement or gypsum composition having improved properties, which is prepared by incorporating an enzyme into a cement material such as a cement, mortar, or concrete, or into a gypsum product. The invention also relates to methods of manufacturing improved cement compositions and gypsum products, methods of improving the compressive strength of cement compositions and gypsum products, and methods of reducing the cost of such compositions by enabling the use of less expensive aggregates in the manufacturing process. More specifically, the invention relates to a cement composition or a gypsum composition, optionally including at least one aggregate and optionally including at least one pozzolan, comprising a cement material or gypsum optionally including aggregate(s) and pozzolan(s) having blended therein an enzyme.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 11, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 15, 2013
    Inventor: Josef Atoon
  • Patent number: 8323401
    Abstract: The invention relates generally to a cement or gypsum composition having improved properties, which is prepared by incorporating an enzyme into a cement material such as a cement, mortar, or concrete, or into a gypsum product. The invention also relates to methods of manufacturing improved cement compositions and gypsum products, methods of improving the compressive strength of cement compositions and gypsum products, and methods of reducing the cost of such compositions by enabling the use of less expensive aggregates in the manufacturing process. More specifically, the invention relates to a cement composition or a gypsum composition, optionally including at least one aggregate and optionally including at least one pozzolan, comprising a cement material or gypsum optionally including aggregate(s) and pozzolan(s) having blended therein an enzyme.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 11, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 4, 2012
    Inventor: Josef Atoon
  • Patent number: 8317916
    Abstract: A zinc-oxide based set retardant additive and admixture for use in Portland cement or other hydraulic cement mixtures. The admixture may comprise silica fume, vitreous calcium aluminosilicate, magnesium aluminum silicate hydrate, a cellulose ether derivative, or their equivalents. The zinc-oxide based set retardant may be interground or pre-blended, pre-packaged, or added on the jobsite, as an admixture, additive, or addition. The zinc-based set retardant may be subsequently added or mixed into a ready mix or wet mixture of portland cement or other hydraulic cement, sand and/or aggregate, with or without fillers, and water, with or without other pozzolans or polymers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 9, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 27, 2012
    Assignee: Pebble Technology, Inc.
    Inventor: Jonathan E. Dongell
  • Patent number: 8303708
    Abstract: A ductile ultra-high performance concrete which includes in relative parts by weight: 100 of Portland cement; 50 to 200 of a sand having a single grading with a D1O to D90 between 0.063 and 5 mm, or a mixture of sands, the finest sand having a D1O to D90 between 0.063 and 1 mm and the coarsest sand having a D1O to D90 between 1 and 5 mm; 0 to 70 of a particulate pozzolanic or non-pozzolanic material or a mixture thereof having a mean particle size less than 15 ?m; 0.1 to 10 of a water-reducing superplasticizer; 10 to 30 of water; and 0.5 to 5% by volume relative to the volume of the hardened composition of glass fibers having an aspect ratio of 6 to 120.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2008
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2012
    Assignee: Lafarge
    Inventors: Stéphane Rigaud, Philippe Fonollosa, Gilles Chanvillard
  • Patent number: 8246739
    Abstract: A process for the preparation of a wet concrete composition, including mixing Portland clinker in the form of grains having a Dv97 from 10 to 30 ?m or having a Blaine specific surface greater than or equal to 5300 cm2/g; slag; calcium sulphate; complementary materials, having a Dv90 less than or equal to 200 ?m; from 1500 to 2200 kg/m3 of aggregates; a plasticizer; optionally an accelerator and/or an air-entraining agent and/or a thickening agent and/or a retarder and/or a clay-inerting agent; with 140 to 220 l/m3 of effective water, the total quantity of clinker in the wet concrete being less than or equal to 200 kg/m3.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 24, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 21, 2012
    Assignee: Lafarge
    Inventors: Arnaud Schwartzentruber, Emmanuel Garcia
  • Patent number: 8236230
    Abstract: A method of producing a sheet-form material having an exposed solid surface comprises pre-mixing cement with at least one pozzolan to provide a cement/pozzolan mixture with a high pozzolan to cement ratio, adding to the cement/pozzolan mixture an aqueous solution comprised of water and a high range water reducer to produce a cement/pozzolan dough-like substance, adding and mixing a sufficient quantity of glass aggregate to said cement/pozzolan dough-like substance to produce a moldable composition, wherein, after adding and mixing in the glass aggregate, the pozzolan is present in the composition at about 5% to about 20% by weight, the cement is present in the composition at about 3% to about 20% by weight, and the aggregate glass is by weight a relatively high percentage of the composition. The moldable composition is placed into a mold and vibrated, and is allowed to cure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 23, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 7, 2012
    Assignee: Polycor Vetrazzo, Inc.
    Inventor: Donald Martin McPherson
  • Publication number: 20120186494
    Abstract: The present invention includes well treatment fluids and methods utilizing nano-particles. An embodiment of a method of the present invention may comprise introducing a treatment fluid comprising nano-clay into a subterranean formation. The treatment fluid may be selected from the group consisting of a cement composition, a drilling fluid, a spacer fluid, and a lost circulation control composition. Another embodiment of the present invention may comprise a method of cementing. The method of cementing may comprise introducing a cement composition comprising a hydraulic cement, nano-clay, and water into a subterranean formation. The method further may comprise allowing the cement composition to set in the subterranean formation. Yet another embodiment of the present invention may comprise a treatment fluid, the treatment fluid comprising nano-clay. The treatment fluid may be selected from the group consisting of a cement composition, a drilling fluid, a spacer fluid, and a lost circulation control composition.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 27, 2012
    Publication date: July 26, 2012
    Applicant: Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.
    Inventors: Craig W. Roddy, Ricky L. Covington, Jiten Chatterji, D. Chad Brenneis
  • Patent number: 8226913
    Abstract: Sorbent components containing halogen, calcium, alumina, and silica are used in combination during coal combustion to produce environmental benefits. Sorbents such as calcium bromide are added to the coal ahead of combustion and other components are added into the flame or downstream of the flame, preferably at minimum temperatures to assure complete formation of the refractory structures that result in various advantages of the methods. When used together, the components reduce emissions of elemental and oxidized mercury; increase the level of Hg, As, Pb, and/or Cl in the coal ash; decrease the levels of leachable heavy metals (such as Hg) in the ash, preferably to levels below the detectable limits; and make a highly cementitious ash product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 2, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 24, 2012
    Assignee: NOx II, Ltd.
    Inventor: Douglas C. Comrie
  • Publication number: 20120111236
    Abstract: Reduced-carbon footprint compositions, and methods for making and using the same, are provided. Aspects of the reduced-carbon footprint compositions include producing carbonate compositions from CO2, which compositions may replace conventional hydraulic cement and/or aggregate components of the compositions. The reduced-carbon footprint compositions find use in a variety of applications, including use in a variety of building materials and building applications.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 11, 2011
    Publication date: May 10, 2012
    Inventors: Brent R. CONSTANTZ, Andrew Youngs, Terence C. Holland, Joshua Patterson
  • Publication number: 20120073813
    Abstract: A drilling fluid, spacer fluid and cementing compositions for use in subterranean wells are disclosed along with methods for making using same, where the compositions include a weighting system having an effective amount of a metal silicon alloy, mixtures of metal silicon alloys, or mixtures of metal silicon alloys and conventional weighting agents, to produce compositions having a desired high density, while retaining other fluid properties such as pumpability, gas tight sealing, low tendency to segregate, and reduced high temperature cement strength retrogression.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 28, 2010
    Publication date: March 29, 2012
    Applicant: CLEARWATER INTERNATIONAL, LLC
    Inventors: Frank Zamora, Marilyn J. Bramblett, Mario B. Hernandez, Sarkis R. Kakadjian, Ron Powell, Olusegun Matthew Falana
  • Publication number: 20120070232
    Abstract: Slurry walls and methods of using those slurry walls to seal unlined solar ponds are provided. The slurry walls are formed from a mixture comprising clay and cement in water. A trench is keyed into the dike surrounding the solar pond, down to a geotechnically predetermined level. The slurry is deposited into the trench and allowed to harden, after which it is covered with a membrane or other covering. The inventive slurry walls reduce, and preferably prevent, leakage of water from the solar pond.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 22, 2011
    Publication date: March 22, 2012
    Applicant: GREAT SALT LAKE MINERALS CORPORATION
    Inventors: Mark Reynolds, Thomas S. Burton, Corey R. Milne, Steven R. Day
  • Patent number: 8137454
    Abstract: A cementitious composition for high density, low porosity sheet-form building materials having solid surfaces is comprised of cement, pozzolans, and a high percentage of fine and/or coarse glass aggregate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 12, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 20, 2012
    Assignee: Polycor Vetrazzo, Inc.
    Inventor: Donald Martin McPherson
  • Patent number: 8133352
    Abstract: A method of manufacturing high purity fiber cement grades of cellulose fibers is described. Additional washing steps, coupled with an elevated temperature, are used in the process to extensively wash the pulps and remove substantially all COD components remaining in the pulps. The pulps are counter-currently washed by diffusion and dewatering at elevated temperatures following the brown stock washer systems. During the additional washing steps, the pulps are soaked in counter-current heated water for a pre-determined time and some chemicals may be introduced to chemically break down the COD components in the pulps and to make them more soluble in the aqueous solution. The additional washing steps can be performed using existing equipment at conventional pulp mills. A formulation and a process of making fiber reinforced cement composite materials are also described using the low COD and high purity cellulose fibers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 2, 2001
    Date of Patent: March 13, 2012
    Assignee: James Hardie Technology Limited
    Inventors: Donald J. Merkley, Caidian Luo
  • Publication number: 20120055376
    Abstract: The claimed subject matter relates to a novel cement comprising Portland cement clinker and a supplementary cementitious material. The supplementary cementitious material comprises a heat treated clay material and an optionally heat treated carbonate material, wherein the clay material has been heat treated optionally together with the carbonate material in such a way that the heat treated clay material is substantially dehydroxylated while the optionally heat treated carbonate material remains substantially carbonated. This can be achieved by premixing the carbonate and clay materials before heat treating to 400-700 C, or heat treating the clay material separately to a temperature of up to 900 C. When used in the final application the cement results in much higher strengths than would be predict from any other combination of these materials.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 9, 2010
    Publication date: March 8, 2012
    Applicant: AALBORG PORTLAND A/S
    Inventors: Duncan Herfort, Jesper Sand Damtoft
  • Patent number: 8114213
    Abstract: A self-compacting concrete and mortar additive is prepared, comprising an aqueous suspension matured and stabilized for 1-7 days, preferably 1-2 days, and having a consistency adapted to the dosing equipment used for dosing the additive when mixing concrete or mortar, and having a pH of 6.5-8, preferably 7 and containing 5-30, preferably 8-20, preferably 10-12% by weight of dry solid of a type of clay, consisting of clay minerals selected from the smectite, vermiculite and/or chlorite group.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 24, 2005
    Date of Patent: February 14, 2012
    Assignee: CEMEX Research Group AG
    Inventor: Freddie Scheye
  • Patent number: 8105433
    Abstract: It is an object of the invention to provide a cement admixture that can form concrete having a sufficient self-healing capability and satisfactorily maintaining its self-healing capability for prolonged periods. The cement admixture of the invention contains an expanding material and an alumina-silicate with swelling properties. The cement admixture is combined with cement to form a cement composition. The cement composition is mixed with water and an aggregate to provide concrete with an excellent self-healing capability.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 13, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 31, 2012
    Assignees: The University of Tokyo, National University Corporation Yokohama National University, East Japan Railway Company
    Inventors: Toshiharu Kishi, Tae-Ho Ahn, Akira Hosoda, Kaoru Kobayashi
  • Patent number: 8088217
    Abstract: The present invention describes an improved building material composition, useful for example as a fire door core. The building material of the present invention is prepared by compressing an aqueous mixture of expanded perlite and a fast setting, cementitious composition consisting essentially of a hydraulic cement, preferably Portland cement, and a pozzolan additive selected from the group consisting of metakaolin, VCAS and mixtures thereof, and preferably also includes an organic binder and a fibrous reinforcement.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 13, 2007
    Date of Patent: January 3, 2012
    Assignee: Georgia-Pacific Gypsum LLC
    Inventor: Hubert C. Francis
  • Patent number: 8048219
    Abstract: A method of placing a concrete compositions including a) combining 3-40 volume percent cement, 5-50 volume percent fine aggregate, 5-50 volume percent coarse aggregate, and 10-22 volume percent water; b) adding 1.5-40 volume percent of prepuff particles to form a concrete composition; and c) pumping the concrete composition to a point higher in elevation than the delivery point of the concrete to place the concrete. The concrete composition contains less than 30 volume percent of other light weighting aggregates and the prepuff particles have an average particle diameter of from 0.2 mm to 8 mm, a bulk density of from 0.02 g/cc to 0.64 g/cc, an aspect ratio of from 1 to 3. The slump value of the placed concrete measured according to ASTM C 143 is greater than 1 inch and the concrete has a density of from about 40 to about 135 lb./ft3.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 17, 2008
    Date of Patent: November 1, 2011
    Assignee: NOVA Chemicals Inc.
    Inventors: Daniel Woolfsmith, Michael T. Williams, Rick Hughes, Michael R. Kelley, John K. Madish, Kristen Van Buskirk, Tricia Guevara Ladely
  • Patent number: 8029616
    Abstract: A cover composition that can be applied to a bulk material pile, such as landfill refuse, to protect the pile from wind, precipitation, and access by animals and insects is provided. The cover composition is a mixture of a liquid, typically, water; bentonite clay; and synthetic fibers. The composition may be enhanced by the addition of one or more of the following additives: Portland cement, pregelatinized wheat starch, synthetic polymers, soda ash, and latex paint. Unlike prior art cover compositions, the disclosed composition adheres well to waste material, most notably plastics, whereby the composition is easy to apply and provides a substantially uniform, durable protective cover to landfill refuse piles and other bulk materials. Methods of applying the composition to bulk material piles are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 15, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 4, 2011
    Assignee: LSC Environmental Products, LLC
    Inventors: David L. Hansen, Dennis W. Super
  • Patent number: 7993448
    Abstract: A cement-containing composition, and in particular to a sand free composition employing effective amounts of cement, a superplasticizer, a metakaolin clay, an acrylic based co-polymer, and water, and which is especially adapted for use in manufacturing poles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 28, 2006
    Date of Patent: August 9, 2011
    Assignee: Specialty Composites, LLC
    Inventor: John R. Mott
  • Patent number: 7967909
    Abstract: A cement mix for cementing the well casing within a wellbore which contains a synergistic blend of an alkali metasilicate and/or alkali silicate, aluminum silicate and either silica fume or micro silica quartz along with a Portland cement. The cement mix, when combined with mix water, may render a cementitious slurry having a density less than or equal to 11.5 pounds per gallon (ppg); the amount of mix water in the cementitious slurry being between from about 200 to about 560 percent by weight of cement (BWOC). The compressive strength of such cementitious slurries, when cured, is in excess of 100 psi, more typically in excess of 200 psi, after 72 hours at 130° F.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 26, 2007
    Date of Patent: June 28, 2011
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: Enrique Lopez, Dean P. Olson, Wayman Hunter
  • Patent number: 7955577
    Abstract: Sorbent components containing calcium, alumina, and silica are used in combination during coal combustion to produce environmental benefits. Sorbents are added to the coal ahead of combustion and/or are added into the flame or downstream of the flame, preferably at minimum temperatures to assure complete formation of the refractory structures that result in various advantages of the methods. When used together, the components reduce emissions of elemental and oxidized mercury; increase the level of Hg, As, Pb, and/or Cl in the coal ash; decrease the levels of leachable heavy metals (such as Hg) in the ash, preferably to levels below the detectable limits; and make a highly cementitious ash product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 10, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 7, 2011
    Assignee: NOx II, Ltd
    Inventor: Douglas C. Comrie
  • Patent number: 7938904
    Abstract: A cementitious Grout 111MG, with improved thermal and electrical conductivity over Grout 111, for use in at least one of geothermal heat pump systems and metal electrical grounding rod systems, with improved conductivity achieved by means of substituting metal grit for sand, a cementitious grout where both Grout 111MG and Grout 111 have mix water pH level limitations so as not to be corrosive to metals, a new use for Grout 111 as a fill material surrounding electrical grounding rods for enhanced electrical conductivity over traditional grouts, and a new use where both Grout 111MG and Grout 111 may be utilized to surround at least one of geothermal heat pump sub-surface heat transfer fluid conductive tubing/piping and electrical grounding rods installed within at least one of a well/borehole, a trench, and a pit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 2006
    Date of Patent: May 10, 2011
    Inventor: B. Ryland Wiggs
  • Patent number: RE43253
    Abstract: A lightweight concrete composition containing from 10 to 90 volume percent of a cement composition, from 10 to 90 volume percent of particles having an average particle diameter of from 0.2 mm to 8 mm, a bulk density of from 0.03 g/cc to 0.64 g/cc, an aspect ratio of from 1 to 3, and from 0 to 50 volume percent of aggregate; where the sum of components used does not exceed 100 volume percent, and where after the lightweight concrete composition is set it has a compressive strength of at least 1700 psi as tested according to ASTM C39 after seven days. The concrete composition can be used to make concrete masonry units, construction panels, road beds and other articles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 29, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 20, 2012
    Assignee: NOVA Chemicals Inc.
    Inventors: Tricia Guevara Ladely, Michael T. Williams, David A. Cowan, John K. Madish, Kolapo Adewale, Roger Moore, Mary Margaret Moore, legal representative, Blain Hileman