Mineral Oil Or Hydrocarbon Oil Patents (Class 106/807)
  • Patent number: 10322966
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for preparing a macroporous and mesoporous geopolymer and especially a geopolymer foam, comprising the following successive steps (1) preparing a composite material comprising a geopolymer matrix and an organic liquid; then (2) eliminating said organic liquid by a treatment selected from the group consisting of heat treatment, oxidation treatment, photodegradation treatment and extraction using a supercritical fluid or ultrasounds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 27, 2015
    Date of Patent: June 18, 2019
    Assignee: COMMISSARIAT A L'ENERGIE ATOMIQUE ET AUX ENERGIES ALTERNATIVES
    Inventors: David Lambertin, Arnaud Poulesquen, Fabien Frizon, Adrien Rooses, Frederic Goettmann
  • Patent number: 8709534
    Abstract: A formwork release composition containing formwork release oil, which contains a hydrophobic metal oxide and/or metal sulphide component is disclosed. Photocatalytically active compounds, such as particular semiconductors and in particular TiO2, are particularly suitable. The invention also concerns the use of the formwork release composition for producing exposed concrete. The concrete and mortar products thus produced are characterized by a homogeneous surface with self-cleaning properties that gives an enhanced resistance against weathering and a much longer lasting brilliance and whiteness.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 14, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 29, 2014
    Assignee: Construction Research & Technology GmbH
    Inventors: Andreas Eisenreich, Sergi Vilches, Andres Fernandez, Josep Gatell, Uwe Holland
  • Patent number: 8668773
    Abstract: A mortar composition in the form of a dry powder, ready for use, comprising at least one powdery binder and at least one aggregate, as well as possibly at least one standard additive and/or adjuvant, and formed from particles, at least some of which, referred to as fine particles, are liable to produce an emission of dust, characterized in that it also comprises a fluid additive that consists of least one non-polar hydrocarbon organic substance and that has a capacity for agglomeration of the said fine particles, and in that the dry mortar composition comprises agglomerates of fine particles formed by the fluid additive.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 2, 2006
    Date of Patent: March 11, 2014
    Assignee: Parexgroup SA
    Inventors: Alain Laudet, Daniel Daviller
  • Publication number: 20130019780
    Abstract: Select geopolymers are mixed, at high shear, with fluid fine tailings from an oil sand operation to increase the yield strength of deposits of the geopolymer-treated fluid fine tailings stream and to enhance the dewaterability of the deposits for meeting the regulated, minimum undrained shear strength of 5 kilopascals (kPa) in the fluid fine tailings deposited in the previous year.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 20, 2012
    Publication date: January 24, 2013
    Applicant: TOTAL E&P CANADA LTD.
    Inventors: Gholemhossein (Shahrad) KARIMI, Darren MacDonald
  • Patent number: 8232439
    Abstract: The present invention relates to the use of isoalkane mixtures for reducing or minimizing the dust emission during the handling of pulverulent construction chemistry products, a process for the preparation of the pulverulent construction chemistry products, and hydraulically setting materials comprising the isoalkane mixtures according to the invention.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 30, 2008
    Date of Patent: July 31, 2012
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Arno Lange, Klaus Seip, Ulf Dietrich, Rainer Papp
  • Publication number: 20120090510
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides methods and systems for coal liquefaction and obtaining a cement by-product. A method of obtaining a cement by-product of coal liquefaction may include exposing a coal to a hydrogenated vegetable oil in the presence of a coal-derived solvent to form a slurry, elevating the temperature of the slurry to facilitate liquefying the coal and liberating a volatile matter, separating the insoluble components from the slurry, heating the insoluble components to liberate a volatile matter and an entrained solvent, blending the insoluble components with a calcareous material and roasting the blend in a kiln at a temperature greater than 1000 degrees Celsius to obtain a clinker, and grinding the clinker to obtain a cement.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 22, 2011
    Publication date: April 19, 2012
    Applicant: QUANTEX RESEARCH CORPORATION
    Inventor: Alfred H. Stiller
  • Patent number: 8083845
    Abstract: Composition and process of a composition of additivated sodic bentonite through the addition of dextrin and sugar (saccharose), preferably refined sugar, or starch and sugar (saccharose), preferably refined sugar, in specific quantities during the process of calcic bentonite activation by means of incorporation of sodium carbonate into the in natura ore, belonging to the field of chemical industry for use in the composition of green sand for cast molding, offering a wide range of advantages in comparison with the existing formulas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 2007
    Date of Patent: December 27, 2011
    Assignee: Coque do Sul do Brasil Ltda
    Inventor: Arnaldo Romanus
  • Publication number: 20110294922
    Abstract: A method of treating or encapsulating phosphorus pentasulfide so that it can be safely handled, stored and transported. The treating or encapsulating involves combining the phosphorus pentasulfide with a hydrocarbon oil under high shearing conditions. The hydrocarbon oil can be a mineral oil such as a paraffinic oil. The encapsulated phosphorus pentasulfide is pumpable and, according to one embodiment, is used as a modifier/crosslinking agent in asphalt mixtures.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 25, 2011
    Publication date: December 1, 2011
    Applicant: HERITAGE ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES LLC
    Inventors: Anthony J. KRIECH, Timothy P. REECE, Herbert L. WISSEL
  • Publication number: 20100319585
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are defoamers comprising ethylene glycol, a defoaming hydrocarbon base fluid, and a non-ionic surfactant wherein the hydrocarbon base fluid comprises an internal olefin or a straight-chain n-alcohol, and wherein the non-ionic surfactant is present in the defoamer in an amount in the range of from about 1% to about 10% by weight of the defoamer. Also disclosed herein are cement compositions comprising water, hydraulic cement, and a defoamer, wherein the defoamer comprises ethylene glycol, a non-ionic surfactant, and a defoaming hydrocarbon base fluid wherein the hydrocarbon base fluid comprises an internal olefin or a straight-chain n-alcohol, and wherein the non-ionic surfactant is present in the defoamer in an amount in the range of from about 1% to about 10% by weight of the defoamer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 30, 2010
    Publication date: December 23, 2010
    Inventors: Michael J. Szymanski, Samuel J. Lewis, J. Michael Wilson, Arron L. Karcher
  • Publication number: 20090107363
    Abstract: A mortar composition in the form of a dry powder, ready for use, comprising at least one powdery binder and at least one aggregate, as well as possibly at least one standard additive and/or adjuvant, and formed from particles, at least some of which, referred to as fine particles, are liable to produce an emission of dust, characterized in that it also comprises a fluid additive that consists of least one non-polar hydrocarbon organic substance and that has a capacity for agglomeration of the said fine particles, and in that the dry mortar composition comprises agglomerates of fine particles formed by the fluid additive.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 2, 2006
    Publication date: April 30, 2009
    Inventors: Alain Laudet, Daniel Daviller
  • Publication number: 20080190326
    Abstract: Improved asphalt compositions and methods of preparing them. Methods according to the invention include mixing asphalt with lube stock and optionally with a gelling agent, surfactant and fillers. Fibers may, for example, include cellulose fibers, polyolefin fibers, and mineral wool. Inventive compositions provide viscosities suitable for ambient temperature applications as well as mid-temperature applications within the range of 150-275 F.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 9, 2007
    Publication date: August 14, 2008
    Inventor: JOHN R. FIELDS
  • Patent number: 6983800
    Abstract: Methods, cement compositions and oil suspensions of powders are provided. The oil suspensions of silica powder comprise silica powder, mineral oil, an oleophilic clay, an oleophilic surfactant and a hydrophilic surfactant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 2003
    Date of Patent: January 10, 2006
    Assignee: Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.
    Inventors: Jiten Chatterji, Ronney R. Koch, Bobby J. King
  • Patent number: 6776832
    Abstract: Coating compositions containing an oxidized oil and an effective amount of a diluent selected from one of: the group of methyl and ethyl esters of fatty acids, oils and combinations thereof; the group of glycerol and polyglycerol esters of fatty acids, oils, and combinations thereof; and light petroleum oil with a viscosity from about 1 cP to about 100 cP at 100° F., wherein the coating composition has a viscosity of from about 3 cP to about 5000 cP at 140° F., and wherein the coating composition is effective for reducing dust formation and cake formation in the coated free-flowing dry material. The coating compositions and associated methods of the present invention are particularly suited to reduce dust formation and cake formation in free-flowing dry materials.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 26, 2002
    Date of Patent: August 17, 2004
    Assignee: ARR-MAZ Products, L.P.
    Inventors: Stacy K. Spence, M. Roger Rixom
  • Patent number: 6554071
    Abstract: Encapsulated water soluble chemicals for use in controlled time release applications, methods of encapsulating the chemicals and methods of using the encapsulated chemicals are provided. The methods of encapsulating the chemicals are basically comprised of forming a first coating of a dry hydrophobic film forming material or a sparingly soluble material which provides a dry shield on the chemical and then forming a second coating of a porous cross-linked hydrophilic polymer on the first coating which prevents the substantial dissolution of the resulting encapsulated chemical for a selected period of time.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 12, 2002
    Date of Patent: April 29, 2003
    Assignee: Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.
    Inventors: Baireddy R. Reddy, Ronald J. Crook, Dennis W. Gray, Russell M. Fitzgerald, Bradley L. Todd, Steven B. Laramay
  • Patent number: 6372033
    Abstract: Powder mixtures and a method of forming and shaping the mixtures. The method involves compounding the components of powder materials, binder, solvent for the binder, surfactant, and non-solvent with respect to at least the binder, the solvent, and the powder materials. The non-solvent is lower in viscosity than the binder combined with the solvent. The solvent is present in an amount that is less than the amount that would be present otherwise. The components are mixed and plasticized, and shaped to form a green body. The choice of components results in improved wet green strength in the green body. The method is especially useful for extrusion processing of aqueous binder systems such as water and cellulose ethers and hydrophobic non-solvents, to form structures such as honeycombs. In the body, the ratio, upon subsequent firing, of the isostatic strength to the A-axis strength is at least about 20% higher than in bodies made without the mixture composition of the invention.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 11, 2000
    Date of Patent: April 16, 2002
    Assignee: Corning Incorporated
    Inventors: Devi Chalasani, Michael Fischer, Christopher J. Malarkey, Kevin R. McCarthy, Brian E. Stutts, Michael E. Zak
  • Publication number: 20010023653
    Abstract: A wall repair compound useful for filling and repairing cracks, holes, and other imperfections in a wall surface includes a conventional filler material, a conventional binder material, and a dust reducing additive which reduces the quantity of airborne dust particles generated when sanding the hardened joint compound. Airborne dust reducing additives include oils, surfactants, solvents, waxes, and other petroleum derivatives. The additive can be added to conventional ready-mixed joint compounds and to setting type joint compounds. A method of reducing the quantity of airborne dust generated when sanding a fully hardened joint compound includes mixing a sufficient quantity of the dust reducing additive with the joint compound prior to when the joint compound has been applied to the wall.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 29, 2001
    Publication date: September 27, 2001
    Applicant: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventor: Nathaniel P. Langford
  • Patent number: 5849070
    Abstract: Compound binder comprising an aqueous emulsion of at least one hydrocarbon binder and, at least one hydraulic binder, which also contains at least one adjuvant intended to control the rate of setting of the hydraulic binder in order to obtain a liquid product with a viscosity of less than 1 Pa.s.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 7, 1995
    Date of Patent: December 15, 1998
    Assignee: Colas S.A.
    Inventors: Rene Chambard, Jacques Gaultier, Robert Pellion, Gerard Perrono
  • Patent number: 5807429
    Abstract: Compound binder comprising an aqueous emulsion of at least one hydrocarbon binder and, at least one hydraulic binder, which also contains at least one adjuvant intended to control the rate of setting of the hydraulic binder in order to obtain a liquid product with a viscosity of less than 1 Pa.multidot.s.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 7, 1995
    Date of Patent: September 15, 1998
    Assignee: Colas S.A.
    Inventors: Rene Chambard, Jacques Gaultier, Robert Pellion, Gerard Perrono
  • Patent number: 5749963
    Abstract: The hardenable mortar composition consists of a bonding agent component including a hydraulic bonding agent, such as cement, gypsum or mortar, and a paste-forming agent consisting of a liquid solvent inert with respect to the hydraulic bonding agent, and an aqueous component kept separate from the bonding agent component until the two components are mixed to form a hardened mortar composition. The aqueous component includes water and a hydrophobic adsorbent or absorbent. The hydrophobic adsorbent or absorbent is included in the aqueous component to avoid the emergence of the paste-forming agent, which is at the very least unsightly, when the aqueous component is mixed with the bonding agent component. The hydrophobic adsorbent or absorbent binds the paste-forming agent which would otherwise escape during mixing and remains as an inert additive in the setting mortar composition, without reducing the hardness thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 13, 1997
    Date of Patent: May 12, 1998
    Assignee: fischerwerke, Artur Fischer GmbH & Co. KG
    Inventors: Norbert Arnold, Willi Haug, Stefan Lind
  • Patent number: 5735948
    Abstract: A thermal process co-recycles tires with oils to produce gases, liquids and solids. The latter consisting of glass and steel fibers and a carbonous residue which are separately segregated and collected. By using selected additives gas formation and hydrogen sulfide contents are reduced, light product oil yields and quality are maximized and the level of chlorinated substances in the oils are reduced to trace amounts. The carbonous residue makes an excellent modifier for improving performance properties of bituminous binders and bituminous mixtures and for providing added benefits to properties of Portland concrete.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 17, 1995
    Date of Patent: April 7, 1998
    Assignees: Univ. of Wyoming, Amoco Corp.
    Inventors: Chang Yul Cha, Henry Plancher, Lawrence S. Kraus
  • Patent number: 5580379
    Abstract: A cementitious slurry is prepared from drilling fluid, blast furnace slag and an emulsion comprising an oil external phase and an aqueous internal phase having therein a additive for said cementitious slurry. In a preferred embodiment the additive is an accelerator for the blast furnace slag such as sodium hydroxide. This allows mixing the additive with the drilling fluid and blast furnace slag without immediate contact between the additive and the other ingredients. After the cementitious slurry has been mixed and pumped into position in a wellbore, the emulsion breaks and the additives are released.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 12, 1995
    Date of Patent: December 3, 1996
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventor: Kenneth M. Cowan
  • Patent number: 5575846
    Abstract: The mortar composition for fixing an anchoring element in a drilled hole in a substrate consists of a water component and a mineral mortar paste held separately from the water component in a crushable container. The mineral mortar paste includes a mixture of mineral mortar and a liquid solvent chemically inert towards the mineral mortar and the mineral mortar paste is hardenable with the water component to form a hardened mortar compound. The water component consists of water and a thixotropic agent so that the water component acts like a paste when not subject to shear forces but flows when subject to shear forces such as those created by the anchoring element advancing in the drilled hole. The thixotropic agent is advantageously amorphous pyrogenic silicic acid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 15, 1995
    Date of Patent: November 19, 1996
    Assignee: fischerwere, Artur Fischer GmbH & Co KG
    Inventors: Norbert Arnold, Willi Haug
  • Patent number: 5490877
    Abstract: Disclosed is a low-viscosity cement composition, useful in the field of oil drilling, comprising cement, water and an additive obtained by salifying into the alkali-metal, alkali-earth metal, or ammonium salt, the sulphonated and oxidated products derived from the reaction between sulphur trioxide and cookery tar or sulphur trioxide and fuel oil from steam cracking; the cement composition is endowed with improved rheological characteristics such as a low-viscosity value without substantial changes in the pumping times, even at high temperatures and pressures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 17, 1994
    Date of Patent: February 13, 1996
    Assignees: Eniricerche S.p.A., Snamprogetti S.p.A.
    Inventors: Aldo Prevedello, Goffredo Romano
  • Patent number: 5401424
    Abstract: Gelled overbased materials are prepared by mixing an overbased composition of a metal salt of an organic acid material containing at least 8 carbon atoms, a metal salt of an organic acid material containing fewer than 6 carbon atoms, and a metal carbonate in an oleophilic medium, with an alcohol or an alcohol-water mixture, and heating the mixture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 4, 1993
    Date of Patent: March 28, 1995
    Assignee: The Lubrizol Corporation
    Inventors: James N. Vinci, William R. Sweet
  • Patent number: 5389145
    Abstract: A method for mixing cement with water is provided. Dry cement is first slurried in oil. The slurry is easily metered and mixed with water to obtain a cement/water/oil slurry having the desired density. Cement/water/oil slurries thus produced can be used in all applications and have properties, when cured, comparable to cements not containing oil. The method allows precision metering of the cement and therefore precision control over the density of the final cement slurry.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 29, 1993
    Date of Patent: February 14, 1995
    Assignee: The Western Company of North America
    Inventors: D. V. Satyanarayana Gupta, Marek K. Pakulski, William C. Pumphrey
  • Patent number: 5221344
    Abstract: A concrete composition contains hydraulic cement, inerts, water and superfluidifying additive obtained by salifying, in the form of an alkaline metal, alkaline earth metal or ammonium salt, the sulphonated and oxidised products resulting from the reaction between sulphur trioxide and fuel oil deriving from steam cracking. This concrete composition has improved workability characteristics and enables concretes to be obtained generally possessing greater strength and durability.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 1, 1992
    Date of Patent: June 22, 1993
    Assignees: Eniricerche S.p.A., Snamprogetti S.p.A.
    Inventors: Aldo Prevedello, Edoardo Platone, Dario Ercolani, Elio Donati
  • Patent number: 5184917
    Abstract: The method of treating a waste liquid or solid hydrocarbon to reduce risk of environmental contamination by the waste hydrocarbon, that includes forming a flowable cementitious paste of Portland cement and additives; introducing the hydrocarbon into the mix and distributing the hydrocarbon therein; forming the mix into a shape for curing, and allowing the formed mix to cure so as to encapsulate the hydrocarbon in the cured concrete mix.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 13, 1992
    Date of Patent: February 9, 1993
    Assignee: Polar Marine, Inc.
    Inventor: Donald H. Rez
  • Patent number: 5151131
    Abstract: Oil field cement liquid fluid loss control additives and methods of field preparing such additives prior to preparing a cement composition containing the additive are provided. The method of field preparing the liquid fluid loss control additive comprises admixing an organophilic clay suspending agent with a liquid hydrocarbon, combining a surfactant with the mixture and then combining at least one hydrophilic polymer with the mixture to form the additive.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 26, 1991
    Date of Patent: September 29, 1992
    Assignee: Halliburton Company
    Inventors: John Burkhalter, Jolinda K. Suson
  • Patent number: 5106424
    Abstract: Decontamination of a beach or soil area that has hydrocarbon contamination including removing hydrocarbon contaminated sand or soil from an area; mixing the contaminated soil or sand with cement and water; and forming concrete from the mix.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 16, 1990
    Date of Patent: April 21, 1992
    Assignee: Polar Marine Inc.
    Inventor: Donald H. Rez
  • Patent number: 4997486
    Abstract: A method of producing a solid secondary raw material that contains calcium sulfate, comprising mixing a waste hydrocarbon with at least one of a waste sulfuric acid and acid waste sulfuric-acid derivative, and combining the mixture with enough powered limestone or fly ash containing calcium carbonate to ensure that the reaction product will solidify by itself, and with at least enough water to ensure the hydration of the formed calcium sulfate. The product is useful in making Portland cement clinker, or in furnace as a fuel and/or a desulfurization additive.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 18, 1990
    Date of Patent: March 5, 1991
    Inventor: Friedrich Bolsing