Means For Feeding Through Chimney Patents (Class 110/256)
  • Publication number: 20140208996
    Abstract: A high performance burner has a shell, a burning chamber contained in the shell, an ignition bar installed in the shell, and a fuel feeding means passing through the shell and being in communication with the burning chamber. The burning chamber has a first burning zone in communication with the exit of the feeding pipe, a second burning zone next to the first burning zone, and a third burning zone next to the second burning zone and in communication with the rear opening of the shell. The burner is able to effectively reduce fuel congestion, scorification and back fire and increase combustion efficiency.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 5, 2012
    Publication date: July 31, 2014
    Inventors: Hongfeng Zhu, Qianxi Chen
  • Patent number: 8663592
    Abstract: For implementing startup and priming phases of a vegetable carbon production method, an installation includes a generator of hot gases with low oxygen content, and a fan downstream which boosts the hot gases into a lower part of a reactor. The reactor includes a column of substantial height whose upper inlet, with a temperature T3 of less than 65° C., is used to continuously load and add biomass and whose lower part has a grid for support and removal of the load, an underlying injection chamber for the gases from the generator, and a mechanism for retrieving processed substances. The installation also includes, at the outlet for cold gases at temperature T3 at the top of the reactor column, a thermal post-combustion chamber for the extracted gases, a heat exchanger, a fan, a second heat exchanger, a vent and connecting pipes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 29, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 4, 2014
    Assignee: Areva Renouvelables
    Inventor: David Mateos
  • Patent number: 6149425
    Abstract: A furnace for the thermal decomposition of solids by thermal radiation having an inlet for admitting the solids at an upper part with the solids dropping by gravity in the furnace. There is at least one heated radiator body within the furnace below the inlet to produce radiant heat energy to decompose the solids dropping in the furnace and the gases produced by the decomposition rise in the furnace to preheat the solids admitted at the inlet. The furnace also includes a heat exchanger whose liquid is heated by the decomposed solids, and there are a plurality of radiator bodies each in the form of a closed chamber with a burner to heat a plate which radiates the heat.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 1997
    Date of Patent: November 21, 2000
    Assignee: Liquid Carbonic Industrias S.A.
    Inventors: Maury Saddy, Carlos Alberto Gusmao
  • Patent number: 5927215
    Abstract: A preheater in an incineration system consists of: a first opening through which refuse is input; a second opening which is formed under the first opening and communicates with an incinerator; a heat flow passageway which is formed between the first and second openings, and passes the heat generated by the incinerator; and a receiving unit between the two openings which rotates the refuse in the heat flow passageway.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 1997
    Date of Patent: July 27, 1999
    Assignee: Yaichiro Moriguchi
    Inventor: Yaichiro Moriguchi
  • Patent number: 5913273
    Abstract: A waste incinerator including separate burning-, blower-, chimney- and ash-receiving chambers. A suction-discharge port is provided in a wall between the burning chamber and the chimney chamber for discharging gases from the burning chamber through a chimney to the atmosphere. The chimney extends from the chimney chamber for discharging gases to the atmosphere. The chimney receives an air feed pipe from the blower and an ignition sleeve extends into the chimney for burning unconsumed waste gas. A vibrator vibrates an ash receiver in the ash receiving chamber, and a drying chamber may be provided for drying high moisture garbage by combustion gases from the burning chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 24, 1997
    Date of Patent: June 22, 1999
    Assignee: Maejima Kogyosho Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Takashi Maejima
  • Patent number: 5771819
    Abstract: A hearth particle bed incineration furnace is provided in which the hearth particles form a sloped layer bed which moves in the incinerating furnace without being fluidized. The furnace is structured so that the combustion gas is prevented from flowing upward through the inlet for the materials to be incinerated. The structure for preventing the backflow of the combustion gas includes a sidewall which is connected to the incinerated materials inlet, baffles and a member which restrains the upward backflow of combustion exhaust gas. This restraining member is made up of an air intake opening and the air introduced therein is heated through heat exchange with a combustion gas and introduced into the combustion chamber. This allows the amount of air to be introduced in the combustion chamber to be increased and the backflow of combustion exhaust gas to be reduced or eliminated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 26, 1996
    Date of Patent: June 30, 1998
    Inventor: Shigeru Saitoh
  • Patent number: 5678494
    Abstract: A biomass-fueled furnace for residential or institutional space and hot water heating. Wood chips, the preferred fuel, are purchased "green and/or wet" and are stored in a dryer/storage assembly which uses waste clean exhaust gases produced by the furnace to dry them. Wood chips are fed via gravity to the primary combustion chamber where, via pyrolysis, they are burned. A thimble combustor eliminates radiant heat loss from the primary pyrolysis zone, allowing stable pyrolysis at low burning rates. A second combustion chamber fed with pre-heated air completely oxidizes pyrolysis gases. This furnace is capable of operating continuously at extremely low fuel consumption rates so that heat release can be regulated by thermostat in the same manner as conventional gas and oil fired furnaces. A combination of fuel drying plus secondary air preheating by the secondary flame allows stable operation at extremely low or "idle" fuel rates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 1995
    Date of Patent: October 21, 1997
    Inventor: Gael Ulrich
  • Patent number: 5505145
    Abstract: The invention relates to a process for burning waste with simultaneous regeneration of a usable gas and an inert solid residue in which the waste is fed into the upper part of an upright shaft furnace, an oxygen-containing gas is fed into the lower part of the furnace, the organic part of the waste substances is gasified and pyrolyzed, the inorganic part of the waste substances is made flowable, the gas from the upper part of the furnace is taken off and the inorganic material made flowable is taken off at the lower part of the furnace.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 24, 1995
    Date of Patent: April 9, 1996
    Assignee: Messer Griesheim GmbH
    Inventors: Gerhard Gross, Frank Lichtmann
  • Patent number: 5421275
    Abstract: The present invention is a method and apparatus for in-can waste reduction. The method is mixing waste with combustible material prior to placing the waste into a waste reduction vessel. The combustible portion is ignited, thereby reducing combustible material to ash and non-combustible material to a slag. Further combustion or heating may be used to sinter or melt the ash. The apparatus is a waste reduction vessel having receiving canister connection means on a first end, and a waste/combustible mixture inlet on a second end. An oxygen supply is provided to support combustion of the combustible mixture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 13, 1994
    Date of Patent: June 6, 1995
    Assignee: Battelle Memorial Institute
    Inventors: Michael L. Elliott, Joseph M. Perez, Jr., Chris C. Chapman, Richard D. Peters
  • Patent number: 5415110
    Abstract: A refuse incinerator includes an installation with two covered hoppers connected at their lower ends by a movable plate to a combustion chamber. A series of plates have been placed in the combustion chamber and have a cadenced movement for moving and oxygenating refuse being incinerated. Cars are located beside the chamber, into which cars the refuse eventually falls. The refuse is later sorted. A boiler is heated by combustion gases, and a series of tanks and containers filter the combustion gases before their release to the outside.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 7, 1994
    Date of Patent: May 16, 1995
    Inventor: Antonio Teles De Menezes Junior
  • Patent number: 5388537
    Abstract: A system for disposing of refuse-derived fuel ("RDF") and converting the refuse-derived fuel into a fuel gas is described. The system includes a positive pressure combustion chamber and a feed system for feeding the RDF into the combustion chamber at high speed. No compaction of the low density RDF is required. The feed system includes a feed conveyor, first and second air locks with a first conduit between the feed conveyor and the first air lock, and a second conduit between the first and second air locks. Both conduits are generally vertically oriented, but sloped at an angle that prevents bridging of the RDF.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 2, 1994
    Date of Patent: February 14, 1995
    Assignee: Southern California Edison Company
    Inventors: Lory E. Larson, Thomas R. Miles
  • Patent number: 5311830
    Abstract: Methods and suitable devices for the intermediate storage, transport and preparation as well as utilization of waste goods of all kinds are described, said waste goods being compacted down to a plurality of its original volume while maintaining their mixed and composite structure, are stored in intermediate storage and are transported in this form, if required, and are so compacted subjected to a pyrolysis. The totality of the pyrolysis products being under elevated pressure is subsequently subjected immediately to a high-temperature treatment. The compacted waste goods may be crammed into containers and are subjected to a low-temperature pressure pyrolysis. In case of ecological preparation of consumption goods such as motor vehicle wrecks or the like, a large-volume apportioning of the scrap goods is carried out by subdividing and/or crushing prior to the intermittent feeding into the pyrolysis chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 20, 1991
    Date of Patent: May 17, 1994
    Assignee: Thermoselect Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventor: Gunter H. Kiss
  • Patent number: 5311828
    Abstract: An incinerator includes a furnace body which confines a combustion chamber for receiving refuse therein and which has a bottom wall formed with a central opening, an ash release gate mounted pivotally to the bottom wall at the central opening, a stack which is provided on one side of the furnace body and which has a lower end part that is communicated with the combustion chamber adjacent to the bottom wall, and an exhaust port provided adjacent to an open top of the furnace body and operable so as to communicate the stack and the combustion chamber. A furnace cover is provided on the open top of the furnace body. First and second preheating tube arrangements are received in the lower part of the furnace body. The first preheating tube arrangement includes a plurality of upwardly extending concentric coil turns and has a surface formed with a plurality of air holes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 26, 1993
    Date of Patent: May 17, 1994
    Inventors: I-Cheng Wu, Guor-Rern Wu
  • Patent number: 5307747
    Abstract: A low lying horizontal furnace comprising a fireproof enclosure sealed by a top burns solid fuels which are gravity fed through a vertical feed chamber positioned over a feed aperture in the top of the furnace. An exhaust stack is placed over an exhaust aperture spaced away from the feed aperture for venting exhaust gases from the furnace. Elongated fins are fixed to the underside of the top for channeling the exhaust gases from the feed aperture to the exhaust aperture. The horizontal furnace provides a field expedient furnace for cooking and heating for mass populations in that the top can be placed over a shallow pit dug into the ground for combusting solid fuels.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 1993
    Date of Patent: May 3, 1994
    Inventor: Charles E. Mac Arthur
  • Patent number: 5307748
    Abstract: A process and apparatus for thermal treatment and stabilization of waste materials in which waste material is introduced into an uppermost first combustion zone of a vertically oriented combustion chamber and a fuel and an oxidant are tangentially injected into the first combustion zone, oxidizing at least a portion of any organic material in the waste materials and melting at least a portion of any inorganic material in the waste materials. A second portion of fuel and oxidant is injected into a second combustion zone disposed immediately below and in communication with the first combustion zone, melting any remaining inorganic material in the waste material after which the melted waste material is removed from the bottom area of the combustion chamber for disposal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 12, 1993
    Date of Patent: May 3, 1994
    Assignee: Institute of Gas Technology
    Inventors: Mark J. Khinkis, Hamid A. Abbasi
  • Patent number: 5195449
    Abstract: A distillation type incinerator generates gas containing much combustible gas owing to restricted air introduction at feeding the combustible matters thereto and minimum necessary supply of air for combustion and dry distillation, and generates residue which contains less unburned matters and can be taken out in lumps, so as to reduce the amount of waste and facilitate the recycle of useful metals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 12, 1992
    Date of Patent: March 23, 1993
    Inventor: Kiyoharu Michimae
  • Patent number: 5186112
    Abstract: For melting an inorganic fiber which is mixed with an organic substance, the inorganic fiber material and organic substance are heated in a furnace to a temperature sufficient for the organic material to combust, and sufficient oxygen enriched gas to fed to the furnace that the combustion of the organic substance produces sufficient heat to melt the inorganic material. The oxygen enriched gas is preferably oxygen enriched air having an oxygen content of at least 40% by volume. It should be fed in sufficient quantity to heat material having an adiabatic temperature of at least 850.degree. C., and preferably 1200.degree. C. which permits the melted inorganic material to freely flow out of the furnace. The oxygen enriched gas is preferably fed to a location adjacent a boundary layer between the melted material and unmelted material on the top thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 16, 1991
    Date of Patent: February 16, 1993
    Assignee: Isover Saint-Gobain
    Inventor: Strnad Vojtech
  • Patent number: 5179902
    Abstract: For melting an inorganic fiber which is mixed with an organic substance, the inorganic fiber material and organic substance are heated in a furnace to a temperature sufficient for the organic material to combust, and sufficient oxygen enriched gas is fed to the furnace that the combustion of the organic substance produces sufficient heat to melt the inorganic material. The oxygen enriched gas is preferably oxygen enriched air having an oxygen content of at least 40% by volume. It should be fed in sufficient quantity to heat material having an adiabatic temperature of at least 850.degree. C., and preferably 1200.degree. C. which permits the melted inorganic material to freely flow out of the furnace. The oxygen enriched gas is preferably fed to a location adjacent a boundary layer between the melted material and unmelted material on the top thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 7, 1992
    Date of Patent: January 19, 1993
    Assignee: Isover Saint-Gobain
    Inventor: Strnad Vojtech
  • Patent number: 5127344
    Abstract: An incinerator for combustion of general refuse and industrial wastes having a pair of ash discharge plates and a pair of refuse supporting plates. The ash discharge plates are disposed at the bottom of a furnace in such a manner that it can be freely opened and closed for timely discharge of ashes that accumulate on the bottom. The refuse supporting plates are disposed at a lower level of the furnace in such a manner that it can be freely displaced in a horizontal direction out of and into the furnace projecting into an upper layer of the piled up ashes at the time of discharge of ashes by the ash discharge plates to support the refuse and ashes disposed thereabove.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 3, 1991
    Date of Patent: July 7, 1992
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Plantec
    Inventor: Seizo Katsui
  • Patent number: 5063860
    Abstract: For melting an inorganic fiber which is mixed with an organic substance, the inorganic fiber material and organic substance are heated in a furnace to a temperature sufficient for the organic material to combust, and sufficient oxygen enriched gas is fed to the furnace that the combustion of the organic substance produces sufficient heat to melt the inorganic material. The oxygen enriched gas is preferably oxygen enriched air having an oxygen content of at least 40% by volume. It should be fed in sufficient quantity to heat material having an adiabatic temperature of at least 850.degree. C., and preferably 1200.degree. C. which permits the melted inorganic material to freely flow out of the furnace. The oxygen enriched gas is preferably fed to a location adjacent a boundary layer between the melted material and unmelted material on the top thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 16, 1990
    Date of Patent: November 12, 1991
    Assignee: Isover Saint-Gobain
    Inventor: Strnad Vojtech
  • Patent number: 5020453
    Abstract: A vertical incinerator for burning general refuses and industrial wastes which comprises a plurality of sets of grates disposed at different levels within a furnace to divide the furnace into a plurality of combustion chambers in such a manner that the refuse charged into a top portion of the furnace is burnt as it is successively allowed to move downward to become ashes which are withdrawal from the bottom of the furnace.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 12, 1990
    Date of Patent: June 4, 1991
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Plantec
    Inventor: Seizo Katsui
  • Patent number: 5010828
    Abstract: A gasification shaft in the reactor collects a loose heap of solid waste matter on a support at the bottom of the shaft in the form of a triangular hollow prism having longitudinal edges leaving gaps between it and the walls of the shaft. The support can be swung about its axis to open the gaps wider and shake the solid material. Oxygen containing gas is supplied at the top of the shaft and supports partial combustion of the solid material. Gas and partly burned solid material pass down through the variable gaps into a combination chamber below the shaft into which more oxygen containing gas is fed both from above through the prismatic support and from below through an ash chamber at the bottom of the combustion chamber after passing through lower gaps between an emptying device of triangular prism shape, below which is an ash removal chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 23, 1990
    Date of Patent: April 30, 1991
    Assignee: Forschungszentrum Julich GmbH
    Inventor: Heinz Mallek
  • Patent number: 4998486
    Abstract: Excavatged landfill material is treated in a plasma fired cupola in a process wherein hazardous material such as PCB's are volatilized and consumed in an afterburner above the cupola and hazardous materials containing heavy metals are fixed in vitreous material made molten within the cupola and resulting in a non-leachable solid product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 27, 1989
    Date of Patent: March 12, 1991
    Assignee: Westinghouse Electric Corp.
    Inventors: Shyam V. Dighe, Raymond F. Taylor, Jr., Robert J. Steffen, David M. Rohaus
  • Patent number: 4991519
    Abstract: An incinerating furnace which utilizes mineral particles as a hearth bed. Hearth particles are supplied and automatically flow down by gravity into the combustion chamber and onto a movable plane member, such as a rotary table, disposed at the bottom of the furnace. A mixture of used hearth particles and the combustion remainder is removed from the outlet of the furnace as the movable plane member moves and introduced into a receiving tank. Supplemental hearth particles are supplied from a hopper into the combustion chamber and form an oblique hearth bed where incineration takes place.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 22, 1990
    Date of Patent: February 12, 1991
    Inventor: Shigeru Saitoh
  • Patent number: 4976208
    Abstract: An incinerator having a horizontal burn disk which is rotatably supported within the lower portion of a firebox with a portion of the firebox containing water tubes connected to a water circulation system including a header and a steam drum. Compacted material for burning is gravity fed to the burn disk througha vertical feeding chute of sufficient height to effect the compaction. Combustion air is forced into the burning material through stationary nozzles disposed about the periphery of the disk, and a nozzle stationary nozzle extending up through the center of the disk.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 1, 1989
    Date of Patent: December 11, 1990
    Inventor: Chadwell O'Connor
  • Patent number: 4941824
    Abstract: Coking emissions in the regions of the roof of the coke oven and adjoining lateral wall regions are removed by removing jets of fresh air from one longitudinal side to the other longitudinal side where the air, entraining the contaminant, is collected. The collected gases are supplied to the dry and wet cleaning.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 12, 1989
    Date of Patent: July 17, 1990
    Assignee: Heinz Holter
    Inventors: Heinz Holter, Heinrich Igelbuscher, Heinrich Gresch
  • Patent number: 4850289
    Abstract: The incinerator is made of a loading member, a burning chamber, a combustion chamber and a duct member having a restricted dimension for connecting the burning and the combustion chambers. The loading member is an upstanding cylinder for receiving the waste material and dropping it in the burning chamber. The burning chamber has a floor located at such a distance from loading cylinder so as to obtain the spreading of the waste material in a generally frusto-conical shape. A peripheral wall around the burning chamber is dimensioned to leave an air space around the frusto-conical shape. An air intake in the peripheral wall provides a circulation of air in the air space. The duct members are diametrically opposed to the air intake and funnel the hot fumes from the burning chamber to the combustion chamber. The concentration of the hot fumes in the duct members considerably raises the temperature in the duct members for a practically complete decomposition of the products in the fumes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 1987
    Date of Patent: July 25, 1989
    Inventors: Harris Beausoleil, Gabriel Beausoleil
  • Patent number: 4836115
    Abstract: A down-draft, gravity fed, bio-mass, solid fuel burning stove or furnace comprises an upright cylindrical housing having a top cover and a fire resistant openable air-tight floor. Fuel drops onto the center of the floor through a central feed tube where it burns in the form of a truncated conical pile. A second tube surrounds the feed tube, defining with it an annular air intake passage for discharging an annular current of air downwardly on the burning fuel. A heat exchanger surrounds the housing and its inner wall defines with the housing a smoke passage for upward escape of the hot gases of combustion. Heat from the smoke passage heats the contents of the heat exchanger. A baffle in the smoke passage enhances heat transfer. The central tube and cover are removable as a unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 1988
    Date of Patent: June 6, 1989
    Inventor: Charles E. MacArthur
  • Patent number: 4787321
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a solid waste conversion plan for the conversion of such solid waste as old tires to a gas or liquid hydrocarbon product, wherein the partial pyrolysis of the solid waste is carried out in a reactor having a grate in the lower section and a plurality of rotating fingers extending through the grate for preventing compaction of the solid waste in the reactor. The reactor, a heat exchange means and a stripper are connected in series. A blower is positioned between the heat exchange means and stripper for drawing oxygen-containing gas into the reactor and removing the gases formed therein and passing those gases through the heat exchange means and into the stripper.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 1987
    Date of Patent: November 29, 1988
    Assignee: Howbeit, Inc.
    Inventors: John J. Schnellbacher, Ray M. Mason
  • Patent number: 4774896
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a slide damper system used for a vertical type of furnace for continuously heat-treating charged solid matters. This slide damper system comprises at least two slide damper means disposed vertically apart from each other in the furnace. The slide damper means is provided with means for preventing clogging with foreign matter and/or means for heat-resisting as well as means for preventing two or more slide damper means from opening simultaneously.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 3, 1987
    Date of Patent: October 4, 1988
    Assignees: The Brook Club, Michimae Kyoharu
    Inventors: Kiyoharu Michimae, Akira Amamiya, Hiroshi Akimoto
  • Patent number: 4766824
    Abstract: A burner particularly for burning biomass. The burner comprises a combustion chamber (6) whereinto the fuel is fed, an ash pit (8) which is located below the combustion chamber (6), and an automatic stoker (4) which is connected to the combustion chamber (6) by means of an inlet shaft or equivalent. The burner (1) is a separate unit, which can be attached to a furnace (2). The combustion chamber (6) is formed of a fire shaft (7) comprising an inlet surface (71), a countersurface (72) and a slot (73) located therebetween. The inlet surface (71) and the countersurface (72) are planar surfaces inclined to opposite directions so that they together form a V-shaped fire shaft. The fuel stoker (4) is connected to the combustion chamber (6) by means of the inclined inlet surface (71), which serves as the inlet channel. The stoker (4) is connected to the inclined inlet surface (71) so that it is placed vertically against it and the width(s) of the stoker (4) is roughly equal to the width of the combustion chamber (6).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 24, 1986
    Date of Patent: August 30, 1988
    Assignees: Sermet Oy, Maamiehen Sahko Oy
    Inventor: Erkki Tenhunen
  • Patent number: 4732091
    Abstract: A process which comprises the steps of introducing combustible solid material into an upper section of a pyrolysis chamber, moving the material downwardly at a controlled rate through multiple stage zones in the pyrolysis chamber, passing hot gaseous products of the partial oxidation of carbon char upwardly countercurrent to the movement of the solid material in the pyrolysis chamber, driving off volatile matter in the solid material, depositing carbon char in the lower section of the pyrolysis chamber, introducing air into the lower section of the pyrolysis chamber and partially oxidizing the char to form the hot gaseous products, removing a hot overhead fuel gas, passing the overhead fuel gas to a combustion chamber for combustion thereof with air, and applying the resulting hot combustion gases exiting the combustion chamber to a heat load.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 1985
    Date of Patent: March 22, 1988
    Assignee: G.G.C., Inc.
    Inventor: Orval E. Gould
  • Patent number: 4732092
    Abstract: A system for pyrolysis and combustion of combustible solid material, such as waste, which comprises a pyrolysis chamber having a series of spaced vertically disposed movable grates, forming a plurality of stages in the pyrolysis chamber and permitting downward movement of solid feed material at a controlled rate countercurrent to the upward flow of hot gaseous products, the movable grates being synchronized for successive actuation whereby the charge of feed material is successively passed through each of the stages to the bottom of the pyrolysis chamber. Inlet lines are provided for introducing air into each of such stages and into the bottom of the pyrolysis chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 30, 1986
    Date of Patent: March 22, 1988
    Assignee: G.G.C., Inc.
    Inventor: Orval E. Gould
  • Patent number: 4728081
    Abstract: Disclosed is an incinerating and melting apparatus for processing materials such as organic matters, inorganic matters and metals, which apparatus has a cylindrical or polygonal horizontal furnace body provided with a material charging port and a melt discharge port formed in the wall thereof, wherein a burner is mounted in the inner surface of the furnace body, the furnace body is oscillatorily rotatable in one and the other directions about its axis, and a melt receiver is detachably secured to the melt discharge port, or wherein the furnace body is fitted in a hood into which the melt discharge port opens and the melt receiver is detachably secured to the hood.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 1985
    Date of Patent: March 1, 1988
    Assignee: Chiyoda Chemical Engineering & Construction Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Haruo Nishino, Yoshiharu Tanaka, Yoshiharu Matsui, Madoka Kawakami
  • Patent number: 4694947
    Abstract: A dump chute assembly includes an outer radially-shaped housing having an access door and an inner pivotally movable radially-shaped chute member. The inner chute member includes a sealing panel which seals the assembly from the incinerator chimney. Control member is provided for operatively rotating the inner chute member to the dumping position in the interior of the chimney and the collection position exterior of the chimney.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 23, 1985
    Date of Patent: September 22, 1987
    Assignee: ML Corporation
    Inventors: Edward Nineberg, Mark Menaker
  • Patent number: 4688495
    Abstract: A thermal decomposition reactor accepts solid, liquid or gaseous waste products of industrial processes or the like and rapidly reduces same to substances such as carbon dioxide, water and glassified non-leachable ash without limitation by materials that may be commonly included in such waste.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 31, 1985
    Date of Patent: August 25, 1987
    Assignee: In-Process Technology, Inc.
    Inventor: Terry R. Galloway
  • Patent number: 4646637
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for fluidized bed construction in which the fluidized bed is confined in an annular combustion chamber and fuel is injected into the lower portion of the fluidized bed by a centrally located whirling disk having vanes thereon for impelling the fuel and secondary air laterally outwardly. Primary air is provided from a blower jointly driven with the fuel distribution disk and supplying air under pressure to pass upwardly through air supply openings in a grate forming the bottom wall of the combustion chamber, with the jets of air passing through the openings having upward and tangential components of movement so as to impart rotary motion to the fluidized bed in the annular combustion chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 26, 1985
    Date of Patent: March 3, 1987
    Inventor: Henry R. Cloots
  • Patent number: 4643109
    Abstract: A fixed bed dry bottom coal gasifier has a cylindrical wall providing a gasification chamber for gasifying coal to produce synthesis gas. It also has a coal lock above the chamber. The coal lock has a coal discharge opening leading into the chamber. A gas outlet leads from the chamber at a high level. The gasifier further includes a first static coal distributor located in the gasification chamber below the coal discharge opening of the coal lock and a second static coal distributor located below the first coal distributor. The first coal distributor has an upper opening spaced with vertical clearance from the coal discharge opening, a lower opening spaced from the upper opening, and an upwardly directed peripheral coal distributing surface flaring downwardly outwardly from said upper opening and extending beyond the vertical projection of the periphery defining the coal discharge opening.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 26, 1985
    Date of Patent: February 17, 1987
    Assignee: Sasol Operations (Proprietary) Limited
    Inventor: Philippus J. Meyer
  • Patent number: 4635569
    Abstract: An incinerator arrangement particularly for a multi-floor building includes a main housing located at the lowest level in the building, and a chute-flue which rises from the main housing to the roof of the building. Waste is burned in a main combustion chamber. Combustion gases are forced to follow a tortuous path through scrubbing chambers located directly above the combustion chamber. In the scrubbing chambers, the combustion gases are first subjected to the flame of after burners and then washed by a fine water spray to reduce ash fly content and particulate matter in the emissions that will be exhausted to the atmosphere. Dual scrubbing systems are included to provide continuous operation and ready maintenance of the system. Location of the scrubbing systems directly above the main combustion chamber avoids freezing and other problems encountered with systems whose scrubbers are located at the roof of the building.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 28, 1986
    Date of Patent: January 13, 1987
    Inventor: Irving Domnitch
  • Patent number: 4635573
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method of destroying and vaporizing refuse, primarily household waste. The material is fed into a shaft furnace, in which the material is subjected to a vaporization and combustion process in at least three zones, said zones being produced by the supply of blast air at least at three different levels in the shaft furnace which blast gas completely or partly is supplied with controlled quantities of thermal energy by means of electricity, preferably by using at least one plasma generator. The gas produced by the process is withdrawn through an annular drum, arranged about two thirds of the way up the shaft furnace. The gas leaving can be used as combustion gas e.g. for district heating plants and steam power stations with varying thermal requirements.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 5, 1985
    Date of Patent: January 13, 1987
    Assignee: SKF Steel Engineering AB
    Inventor: Sven Santen
  • Patent number: 4619210
    Abstract: A solid and liquid waste incinerator system is disclosed which utilizes the heat produced by the furnace to transform water into steam, the steam powering a steam turbine generator to produce electricity. Solid waste is automatically fed by conveyor belts into the opening in the upper portion of a gravity-fed furnace unit which has a rotating shredder unit for chopping and grinding solid waste. A rotating magnet selects the ferrous metals from the other solid waste materials at the entrance to the furnace unit. Adjustable nozzles are rotatably mounted to the furnace unit walls to inject fuel and oxygen which are ignited creating a flame. Burn grills are positioned to catch the falling solid waste and hold it in a position for combustion, and to release it after incineration is completed. Liquid waste, including toxic chemicals, are vaporized in an evaporation cylinder forming an inner chamber within the furnace unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 5, 1985
    Date of Patent: October 28, 1986
    Inventor: Leo D. Kennedy
  • Patent number: 4579067
    Abstract: A combustion reactor which includes a reactor housing having an interior chamber, an inlet port at a top end of the housing and an outlet port at a bottom end thereof. The interior chamber has a circular cross-section, the diameter of which continuously increases from the inlet port to an intermediate level and then continuously decreases to the outlet port. A gas inlet conduit opens into the interior chamber adjacent to the inlet port at a location and in a direction tangent to a notional circle whose center lies on the axis of the interior chamber. By directing a high velocity flow of gas containing oxygen into the chamber tangent to the interior surface thereof and initially a combustible gas, upon ignition of the combustible gas and feeding into the inlet port combustible material, combustion of the fuel material takes place as the latter progresses from the inlet to the outlet.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 1984
    Date of Patent: April 1, 1986
    Assignee: Ecolotec Research Inc.
    Inventor: John C. Peters
  • Patent number: 4572082
    Abstract: A thermal decomposition furnace in which waste tires having original shape, not broken up, can be laid horizontally and be thermally decomposed. The furnace is constructed by providing a feeder above, forming downward a fluidized bed-forming section having inlets for air, forming beneath a sealing bed-forming section of right cylindrical shape having a diameter smaller than that of fluidized bed-forming section, and installing a conveyor below said sealing bed-forming section. At the lower end of sealing bed-forming section, an oblique opening is formed so as to keep an progressively increasing clearance to the conveyor in the direction of advance of conveyor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 3, 1985
    Date of Patent: February 25, 1986
    Assignee: Onoda Cement Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yoshihiko Ueda, Ikuo Saito, Kazumasa Sakae, Tetuo Oogiri
  • Patent number: 4565138
    Abstract: A thermal decomposition furnace in which waste tires having original shape, not broken up, can be laid horizontally and be thermally decomposed. The furnace is constructed by providing a feeder above, forming downward a fluidized bed-forming section having inlets for air, forming beneath a sealing bed-forming section of right cylindrical shape having a diameter smaller than that of fluidized bed-forming section, and installing a conveyor below said sealing bed-forming section. At the lower end of sealing bed-forming section, an oblique opening is formed so as to keep a progressively increasing clearance to the conveyor in the direction of advance of conveyor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 7, 1985
    Date of Patent: January 21, 1986
    Assignee: Onoda Cement Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yoshihiko Ueda, Ikuo Saito, Kazumasa Sakae, Tetuo Oogiri
  • Patent number: 4539917
    Abstract: A combustion heater for oil shale heats particles of spent oil shale containing unburned char by burning the char. A delayed fall is produced by flowing the shale particles down through a stack of downwardly sloped overlapping baffles alternately extending from opposite sides of a vertical column. The delayed fall and flow reversal occurring in passing from each baffle to the next increase the residence time and increase the contact of the oil shale particles with combustion supporting gas flowed across the column to heat the shale to about 650.degree.-700.degree. C. for use as a process heat source.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 21, 1983
    Date of Patent: September 10, 1985
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Richard G. Mallon, Otis R. Walton, Arthur E. Lewis, Robert L. Braun
  • Patent number: 4538528
    Abstract: A gas converter is disclosed, especially for the treatment, including dissociation, of gases produced in the pyrolysis of waste materials. The converter includes a feeder for airtight feeding of fuel from the upper region of the reactor tower to the bed of hot fuel, a gas outlet, and a slag removal system. The reactor tower is furnished at its lower end near the conduits for the admission of air and gases with a rotating distributor member. The feeder is provided by a bucket-wheel valve arrangement.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 16, 1984
    Date of Patent: September 3, 1985
    Assignee: PKA Pyrolyse Kraftanlagen GmbH
    Inventor: Erich Faehnle
  • Patent number: 4535708
    Abstract: A hot bulb ignition head for a device for firing rough ceramics, particularly bricks, serves the intermittent delivery of solid fuel by using compressed air. An explosion takes place in the hot ignition head, which leads to the ejection of the granular solid fuels, particularly coal, into the kiln chamber. It includes a cylindrical head portion with a baffle plate at the outlet end which forms outlet openings. The size of the outlet openings can be adapted to different kiln conditions by insertion pieces.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 3, 1984
    Date of Patent: August 20, 1985
    Inventor: Andreas Friedl
  • Patent number: 4480557
    Abstract: A steam generating furnace which burns high moisture content fuel has a panel of heat absorbing tubes dividing it into two vertical interconnecting passageways: (a) a combustion chamber for burning the predried fuel and (b) a drying shaft for extracting moisture from the fuel. Wet fuel is introduced near the top of the drying shaft. As it falls it is dried by some of the hot gases diverted from the top of the combustion chamber into the top of the drying shaft. The cooling of the hot combustion gases due to evaporation of moisture from the wet fuel causes a difference in density between the gases in the two passageways, creates a natural, unidirectional circulation of part of the combustion gases from the top of the combustion chamber to the drying shaft. Predrying the wet fuel causes the fuel to burn faster and hotter thereby producing a stable and efficient combustion of the wet fuel at higher specific combustion rates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 15, 1983
    Date of Patent: November 6, 1984
    Inventor: Frank W. Hochmuth
  • Patent number: 4471702
    Abstract: Apparatus for burning material and utilizing the heat of burning has a primary combustion chamber with an upper portion vented to the atmosphere, the material being fed into the primary combustion chamber. A secondary combustion chamber is in communication with a lower portion of the primary combustion chamber, and air is supplied into the secondary combustion chamber. A fan draws air from the atmosphere into the upper portion of the primary combustion chamber and draws combustion gases downwardly through burning waste material in the primary combustion chamber to cause further combustion of the combustion gases in the secondary combustion chamber. Combustion gases from the primary combustion chamber are vented to the atmosphere from the upper portion of the primary combustion chamber when the fan is not operating.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 11, 1983
    Date of Patent: September 18, 1984
    Inventor: Bruce A. McKinlay
  • Patent number: 4454828
    Abstract: An upwardly inclined, auger motivated stoker tube moves bio-mass pellets from a reservoir to a depending stoker nozzle through which the pellets drop onto a burning head carried in a traditional fire chamber. A relatively small orifice in the stoker nozzle aids in preventing backfire into the stoker tube. The burning head provides a convex top with peripheral rim structure to maintain bio-mass pellets in a coherent array for burning and is provided with a plurality of holes to distribute a forced air supply beneath the pellet array to aid combustion and ash removal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 24, 1983
    Date of Patent: June 19, 1984
    Inventor: Allen M. Zempel