Manually-operated Implements Patents (Class 111/92)
  • Patent number: 11910741
    Abstract: A planting tool includes a tube element with an inlet end and an outlet end. A ground support is rotatably connected to the tube element via a pivot point and includes a first part with a pedal area and a second part with a hatch area. A mechanism has a first clamp and a second clamp. In an open state the mechanism prevents movement between the hatch area and the outlet end and maintains the hatch area at a distance from the outlet end by contact between the first and second clamp. In a closed state the mechanism prevents movement between the hatch area and the outlet end and maintains the hatch area in contact with the outlet end. The first clamp includes a switch allowing a user to change position of the first clamp to switch the state of the mechanism from the open state to the closed state.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 2020
    Date of Patent: February 27, 2024
    Assignee: Fiskars Finland Oy Ab
    Inventor: Vesa Poutiainen
  • Patent number: 11304380
    Abstract: This invention relates to a method and apparatus for the airborne dissemination and implantation of seeds utilizing an aerodynamic seed delivery apparatus with built-in nutrients, anti-pest, and anti-fungal properties that can be disseminated rapidly from an airborne platform. The velocity of impact and depth of penetration into specific soil types by the delivery apparatus can be controlled up to a terminal velocity kinetic energy by exploiting a specified drag coefficient, mass, and altitude of release. The seeds are delivered and imbedded into the soil at the optimal depth and orientation to maximize germination rates, since seed orientation has a pronounced effect on germination and sprout mortality rates. Flight paths for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) utilized for dissemination can be automated to adjust coordinates based on wind vectors, terrain elevation data, and soil permeability data to efficiently achieve a desired penetration depth across a specified geographic area.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 9, 2018
    Date of Patent: April 19, 2022
    Inventor: Brett Evan Patrick
  • Patent number: 10264722
    Abstract: The bulb planter employs a pair of members which cooperate to form a generally cylindrical structure with a working end in a closed position. One member pivots to an open pivoted position wherein the members separate at the working ends. An angularly displaceable lever is forced toward a handle to actuate the member for pivoting. Upon release of the lever, the member pivots back to the closed position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 18, 2017
    Date of Patent: April 23, 2019
    Assignee: Acme United Corporation
    Inventors: Richard S. Constantine, Siu-Leung Tang
  • Patent number: 9655298
    Abstract: Systems and methods for dispersing granular material from a supply enable enhanced directional control and throwing distance. The present invention is utilizable with an integrated granular material supply container or can be configured for adaptation to a separate supply. Some embodiments of the present invention include a supply funnel, a flexible conduit, and a launcher constructed of a relatively stiffer material having a selectably openable aperture. When fed the supply of the granular material by the conduit, and moved forward in an underhanded tossing motion, a basic coordination of a triggering of the aperture opening at the appropriate moment in the toss controllably propels a substantial amount of the granular material a significant distance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 11, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 23, 2017
    Inventor: Ross Coppage
  • Patent number: 9506208
    Abstract: A waste disposal apparatus having a handle, an elongated shaft, a base, and a disposable cartridge. The handle includes a cutout for manual gripping and a ring for attachment to a belt loop or other support. The cartridge provides a first side with a nub thereon and a second side with a plurality of tines disposed thereon and extending therefrom. The base provides a plate having a well with an open end and interior volume in which the nub of the cartridge engages therewith for removable securement. In operation, the user can place a bag over the base and push the nub into the open end of the well of the base for attachment thereto and impale animal waste using the tines. The user can then fold the bag over the cartridge and detach the bag from the plate enclosing the cartridge therein for disposal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 11, 2015
    Date of Patent: November 29, 2016
    Inventor: Brian Moorcroft
  • Patent number: 9232780
    Abstract: Apparatus for injecting soil treatment into soil includes a manifold head having at least one high pressure nozzle for injecting the soil treatment into the soil and a handle having a longitudinal axis and a lateral axis. The handle comprises an upper portion having two spaced-apart tubular shafts and a lower portion having two spaced-apart tubular shafts. The tubular shafts of the lower portion are connected to the tubular shafts of the upper portion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 12, 2016
    Assignee: BASF Corporation
    Inventors: James H. Cink, Richard Warriner, Ken Brown, John Paddock, Michael Chris desGarennes
  • Patent number: 9125393
    Abstract: A burrowing rodent extermination device comprising a stick form poison bait (10) in a dispenser. (22) The dispenser (22) has an elongated tubular body (23) with a foot (21) disposed to slide thereon for setting ground penetration depth. The bait stick (10) is gravity fed into a rodent tunnel (24) through the tubular body (23) thereby providing more bait (10) for consumption. A rod (12) is attached to the top of the bait stick (10) for lowering and lifting without any human contact. (22) The rod (12) is visible above ground and indicates consumption of the bait stick. (10) A marker (15) is attached to a top potion of the rod (12) to make the device more visible.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 17, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 8, 2015
    Inventor: Gregory Scott Firth
  • Patent number: 8353249
    Abstract: A seed depositing device designed to facilitate the uniform distribution of seeds during planting applications. The device includes a tubular outer shell having an open end and at least one opening along its length. An inner core is concentrically located in the outer shell and has at least one row of dimples along the length of an outer surface of the inner core for holding seeds. The inner core fits tightly enough in the outer shell to disallow free movement of the inner core within the outer shell. Rotation structure is provided for manually rotating the inner core relative to the outer shell. The inner core is rotatable by the rotation structure to align the at least one row of dimples with the at least one opening and expose the at least one row of dimples through the at least one opening. When the inner core is rotated so the openings of the outer shell are aligned with a row of dimples of the inner core, seeds are manually loaded into the exposed row of dimples through the openings of the outer shell.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 20, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 15, 2013
    Inventor: Gerald W. Louis-Seize
  • Patent number: 8347797
    Abstract: A seed planting device comprising a shaft having a handle disposed on the first end and a base attached to the second end; a plurality of spikes removably attached to the bottom surface of the base, the spike being for driving into a ground area so as to aerate soil; a seed tube attached to the outer surface of the shaft, wherein seeds are housed in an inner cavity of the seed tube; the seeds can be dispensed from the inner cavity via a hole disposed in a second end of the seed tube that fluidly connects to a tube that traverses the base via a channel; and a valve disposed at the second end of the seed tube moveable between an open position and a closed position for respectively allowing and preventing seeds from being dispensed from the seed tube.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 4, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 8, 2013
    Inventor: Clarence D. Clay
  • Patent number: 8286567
    Abstract: A seed planting device. The seed planting device includes an elongated member defining a plurality of shallow depressions regularly spaced along one or more of the member's faces. Each depression defines a volume capable of receiving a seed. A practitioner uses one face or edge of the device to create an indentation in the soil. The practitioner then lifts the device and tilts it so that the seeds fall out of the shallow depressions into the indentation. The practitioner then covers the seeds with soil by filling in the indentation with loose earth or potting soil.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 3, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 16, 2012
    Inventor: Terry N. Garrett
  • Patent number: 7913633
    Abstract: In one embodiment of the invention a fertilizer spike insertion tool includes a hammer coupled to a spring. When loaded the hammer is retained by a detention member and the spring is loaded (e.g., compressed or expanded). On releasing the detention member and unloading the spring, the hammer forcibly impacts a footrest and drives a hollow metal core into soil making a hole for a fertilizer spike.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 24, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 29, 2011
    Inventor: Arlene Stewart
  • Patent number: 7681509
    Abstract: A material dispensing device delivers material directly into the ground. According to one embodiment of the material dispensing device, the device comprises an elongated hollow shaft, a receptacle, a helical flange and on or more openings formed in the shaft or helical flanges. The receptacle is disposed adjacent one end of the shaft for holding material. The receptacle is communicatively open to the shaft such that the material or a liquid-material mixture dissolved from at least a portion of the material can flow from the receptacle into the shaft. The helical flange is secured to the shaft. The shaft and helical flange are configured such that rotation of the shaft and flange causes the material dispensing device to be driven into the ground. The one or more openings formed in the shaft or helical flange disperse the material or the liquid-material mixture into the ground.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 14, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 23, 2010
    Assignee: B&B Innovators, LLC
    Inventors: Ronald Edward Bilak, Mark Ronald Bilak
  • Patent number: 7647703
    Abstract: A bulb planter includes a pair of blade halves cooperating to form a tubular tool head and a molded plastic handle body forming a pair of handles. The blade halves are preferably metal and riveted to the handle body. The handle body forms a living hinge for selectively pivoting the blade halves upon movement of the handles. The blade halves pivot toward and away from each other between a soil plug cutting position and a soil plug releasing position upon movement of the handles. A resilient member biases the blade halves toward the soil plug cutting position. The resilient member is preferably an elastomer ring encircling the blade halves. The handles extend in opposed directions substantially perpendicular to a central longitudinal axis and are manually movable against the bias of the resilient member to move the blade halves to the soil plug release position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2005
    Date of Patent: January 19, 2010
    Assignee: Ames True Temper, Inc.
    Inventors: David Demar, Thomas VanDyk, Roland Charriez, Michael Ballone, John Kiely, Keith Kristiansen, Melissa Fisher, Brian J. Conaway, Mandi Reese, Terry M. Birchler, Mark C. Eyman
  • Patent number: 7497173
    Abstract: A seed placement device (10) that is comprised of a seeding strip (12) and a boring tool (32). The seeding strip (12) has a multiplicity of equidistant holes (26) extending therethrough, and the boring tool (32) has an upper end (34), a shank (36) and a lower end (38) that terminates in a point (40). The seed placement device (10) is designed to quickly and easily allow a person to place a multiplicity of seeds (90) in the ground (92). Once the seeding strip (12) is placed in a desired location on the ground (92), a person inserts the boring tool (32) through each of the holes (26) and into the ground (92), thus creating a series of equidistant cavities (94), into each of which at least one seed (90) can be placed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 7, 2006
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2009
    Inventors: Robert M. Walker, Jr., Robert M. Walker, Sr.
  • Publication number: 20080168933
    Abstract: An example seeding apparatus is disclosed which comprises a frame having a first end and a second end. The frame is configured to enable a person to use the seeding apparatus in a generally standing position. The seeding apparatus also includes a handle attached to the first end of the frame and an aeration mechanism attached to the second end of the frame. The seeding apparatus further includes a seed dispenser and a fertilizer dispenser. The aeration mechanism is operative to create a seeding environment in a portion of ground. The seed dispenser is operative to dispense seed onto the seeding environment, and the fertilizer dispenser is operative to fertilize the seed within the seeding environment.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 16, 2007
    Publication date: July 17, 2008
    Inventor: John E. Setko
  • Patent number: 7380615
    Abstract: A core sample extraction system for extracting a plug from soil and removing the plug from the device so that the soil and any roots in the plug can be analyzed includes a boring tube including a top end and a bottom end. The bottom end is driven into soil to isolate a plug of the soil when the boring tube is struck by a mallet. An extraction assembly is positioned in the boring tube. The extraction assembly engages the plug in the boring tube and pushes the plug out of the bottom end when the extraction assembly is forced through the boring tube.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 28, 2006
    Date of Patent: June 3, 2008
    Inventor: David L. Vanearden
  • Patent number: 7150238
    Abstract: A handheld bulber for use in planting and gardening is disclosed. The bulber has a rigid steel inverted conical frustum body of at least two opposing and slightly overlapping sidewall members pivotably joined together and a handle attached opposite a serrated cutting edge of the body. A movable dirt release mechanism is positioned between the handle and the pivot point such that moving the mechanism toward the handle, i.e., a squeezing hand motion, forces the handle end of the side members inward, thereby pivoting the digging end of the sidewall members outward. The dirt release mechanism may be attached within the slotted openings by a slider, rollers, or any other suitable means.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 11, 2005
    Date of Patent: December 19, 2006
    Assignee: Helen of Troy Limited
    Inventors: Boris Kontorovich, Clay Burns, Carly Price, Wilfrido Loor
  • Patent number: 7143703
    Abstract: A garden tool for planting seeds, comprising an elongate hollow cylinder through which a seed passes, a hopper attached to the first end of the cylinder through which the seed is dropped, an adjustable collar attached to the second end of the cylinder for measuring planting depth and, optionally, distance between planted seeds, a flange or hoe blade for furrowing or digging a planting row and for covering a planted seed, and optionally, an internal tray located in the hopper for holding seeds, and an adjustable elongate hollow cylinder.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 2005
    Date of Patent: December 5, 2006
    Inventors: Dennis Gallant, George Poole
  • Patent number: 7128166
    Abstract: A planting tool having a handle, an auger receiver and a basket. The auger receiver has an upper opening and a lower opening. The auger receiver is attached to the handle. The auger receiver is adapted to receive an auger. The basket has an upper opening and a lower opening. The basket is slidably attached to the handle for movement between a raised position and a lowered position. When the basket is in the lowered position, the lower opening of the auger receiver is adjacent the lower opening of the basket to define a partially enclosed region between the auger receiver and the basket.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 27, 2004
    Date of Patent: October 31, 2006
    Inventor: Gordon E. Lea
  • Patent number: 6966269
    Abstract: A multi-purpose garden tool (10) including a pair of blade assemblies (20)(20?) wherein, each blade assembly (20) includes a handle portion (21), a shank portion (22) and a contoured blade portion (23) wherein, the shank portions (22)(22?) are pivotally secured to one another as at (28); and, wherein each of the contoured blade portions (23)(23?) define one-half of a hollow frustro-conical configuration and the rear edges (24)(24?) of the blade portions (23)(23?) and the interior faces of the shank portions (22) (22?) are sharpened to function as scissors.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2002
    Date of Patent: November 22, 2005
    Inventors: Brian Sawatzky, Wayne Sawatzky
  • Patent number: 6886642
    Abstract: A weeding apparatus includes a body having a bottom and a blade angularly positioned within the body. The blade is movable between an extended position and a retracted position. In the extended position the blade protrudes at an angle past the bottom of the body. A plunger is used to move the blade from the retracted to the extended position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 18, 2002
    Date of Patent: May 3, 2005
    Inventor: Tudor Enache
  • Patent number: 6843020
    Abstract: A fertilizer spike is insertable into soil utilizing a tool having prongs. The fertilizer spike comprises a fertilizer body comprised of fertilizer material having a base end with an outer surface that converges toward a tip end, in which at least two channels are formed into the fertilizer body, for receiving the prongs of the tool. The fertilizer spike is also provided with a soil abutment surface that is adapted to hold the fertilizer spike in the soil when the tool is pulled away from the fertilizer spike. The prongs release the fertilizer spike as the tool is withdrawn.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 27, 2002
    Date of Patent: January 18, 2005
    Assignee: Lutz Corporation
    Inventor: LeRoy R. Lutz
  • Patent number: 6782834
    Abstract: A hand-held tool for not only placing granular materials such as grass seed, granular chemicals, or a combination thereof into soil but also aerating it and detecting near surface rocks and the like. The tool includes a hopper, a shaft which terminates in a soil-piercing spike, and a spring-actuated sleeve slideably mounted on the shaft. The shaft defines a partially hollow bore and an orifice, the orifice being disposed on a sidewall of the shaft distal from the hopper and proximate with the juncture between the shaft and the spike. The bore and the orifice fluidly communicate with each other and with the hopper. The spring-actuated sleeve normally blocks the orifice, so that seed and/or chemicals cannot spill out of it. Granular materials are dispensed by dropping them by gravity out of the orifice whenever the spike can be driven into the soil far enough.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 2002
    Date of Patent: August 31, 2004
    Inventor: Les R. Winn
  • Patent number: 6712161
    Abstract: A containment cartridge for extracting and preserving a soil sample comprises a cylindrical sampling barrel for insertion into the soil for collecting a soil sample.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 14, 2002
    Date of Patent: March 30, 2004
    Assignee: GD Air Testing, Inc.
    Inventor: Gesheng Dai
  • Publication number: 20030233969
    Abstract: A dispenser for dispensing particulate matter includes a hollow elongate body having sidewalls extending between opposite first and second ends. First and second end seals seal the first and second ends respectively. The first end seal has an orifice through which the particular material, when stored in the body, is dispensed. A baffle is mounted within the first end, generally abutting against one side wall of the body. The baffle at least partially occludes the orifice and forms a pocket between the orifice and the baffle. A convoluted dispensing flow path is thereby formed for dispensing the particulate material from the body, around the baffle and out of the dispenser through the orifice.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 5, 2003
    Publication date: December 25, 2003
    Inventor: Donald James Stolz
  • Patent number: 6427613
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a lightweight easy to use lawn shaker that can be used for aerating the lawn and distributing dry lawn improvement substances such as grass seed, weed killer, fertilizer and dry pesticides. These substances are easily stored in canisters that are easily interchangeable.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 2000
    Date of Patent: August 6, 2002
    Inventor: Emily Reidel
  • Patent number: 6279496
    Abstract: A seed planting apparatus includes an elongated planter member having an upper end portion and a lower end portion. An elongated seed delivery tube is positioned next to the planter, the tube having a bore and an outlet. The lower end portion of the planter member has an end that is preferably frustoconically shaped, providing a flat lower surface and a tapered side wall. The lower end portion of the planter member can be in the form of a truncated pyramid. The delivery tube has a lower end portion with an outlet that communicates with the bore and that is so positioned that when a user drops a seed into the tube, the seed exits the tube at the outlet above the lower end portion of the delivery tube so that it falls next to the lower end portion of the planter member which can be positioned into a cavity that was formed by the lower end portion of the planter member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 21, 1999
    Date of Patent: August 28, 2001
    Inventors: Hollis D. Mitchell, Marie E. Mitchell
  • Patent number: 6186082
    Abstract: A seed planter for planting seeds in soil. The seed planter includes a container with opposite open front and back ends and front and rear end caps covering respective ends of the container. The front end cap has a hole therethrough. A gate is slidably mounted on the front end cap. The front end cap has an outwardly extending spout adjacent the hole of the front end cap.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 28, 1999
    Date of Patent: February 13, 2001
    Inventor: Carl R. Drobek
  • Patent number: 6047650
    Abstract: A method and apparatus 10 for restoring the pH balance of a patch of contaminated hyper acidic soil 100 by creating a series of core holes 101 in the contaminated soil 100 with a core removal tool 20 having a hollow stem element 21 to captively engage a plug of contaminated soil 100 and then refilling the core holes 101 with a substitute soil compound 14 including a mixture of pH balanced soil 50 and a plurality of biodegradable capsules 51 containing a mixture of water and nitrate ions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 18, 1999
    Date of Patent: April 11, 2000
    Inventor: Anthony M. Taddei
  • Patent number: 6024034
    Abstract: A seed-sowing preparation press is a tool which will make quick and accurate impressions in nursery beds. The sowing press consists of a plurality of square rods each with screws at one end and receptacles at the other end so to be interconnected at will. On one side, and along the entire length of each rod, ruler impressions in inches and centimeters are printed. The rods are connected with a plurality of outer-press attachments, consisting of two square tubes, stacked and fixed perpendicularly, which allow for upper rods to cross perpendicular to lower rods, and thus forming the seed-sowing press framework. Along the length of the lower rods, a plurality of inner-press attachments, having only one square tube, are fastened at desired intervals within the framework. Two detachable thumbscrews fasten into the upper portion of each outer-press attachment and one detachable thumbscrew fastens into the upper portion of each inner-press attachment, securing rods and attachments at desired positions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 27, 1998
    Date of Patent: February 15, 2000
    Inventor: Kirk David Howell
  • Patent number: 5924369
    Abstract: A light weight hand tool that is very easy to use in planting seeds, bulbs, and small plants in tilled soil while standing erect. The tool consists of the following components, a primary elongated tube, a transport tube, a probe and an optional soil depth control mechanism. Three embodiments are included depicting various methods of incorporating the transport tube in union with the primary tube and the probe. The transport tube consists of an elongated tube open from top end through bottom end for transporting by gravity a planted object from hand to soil. The probe consists of a short elongated rod tapered at one end with the opposite blunt end fixed inside either the bottom end port of the primary tube or the bottom end port of a short hollow tube attached adjacent and parallel to the bottom end of the primary tube. The probe may have holes positioned horizontally through its diameter and equally spaced along the length thereof as a device for manually adjusting an optional soil depth control mechanism.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 1996
    Date of Patent: July 20, 1999
    Inventor: Curtis I. Hatcher
  • Patent number: 5845822
    Abstract: A dispenser or applicator for dry insecticide includes a container having a removable cover; the cover is attached to a lower end of an elongate handle having a hand grip at its top A partition inside the container is the floor of the insecticide container, with a skirt extending below the partition; insecticide is dispensed through apertures in the container floor. These apertures are normally closed by a spring-biased stopper disk having tapered fingers which protrude through the apertures; the stopper disk is moved to an open position by inertia when the container is struck against the ground, unblocking the apertures and allowing a measure of insecticide to escape before the stopper disk rebounds to its closed position. Walls of the so container housing extend below the apertures to form a skirt which prevents scattering or dispersal of the powder.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 12, 1997
    Date of Patent: December 8, 1998
    Inventor: James Michael Holloway
  • Patent number: 5787990
    Abstract: An improved lawn renovating tool for aerating, mulching, dethatching, seeding and fertilizing lawns which is lightweight and easy to use. The tool has a lightweight handle, an elongate tubular shaft with a seed or fertilizer feeding and soil breaking element attached to the bottom portion of the elongate shaft. The seed or fertilizer feeding and soil breaking element is a partially triangular tube having spike-tooth rotatable wheel-type attachments along its base and a series of holes for feeding seed or fertilizer from a feed hopper mounted on the elongate shaft. A damper and control pedal are also included, regulating the flow of seed or fertilizer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 17, 1996
    Date of Patent: August 4, 1998
    Inventor: William M. Miller
  • Patent number: 5584256
    Abstract: A tool, for placement of predetermined amounts of granular fertilizer into the soil in a consolidated mass, provides an elongate body with a handle structure in its upper portion and a tubular fertilizer reservoir in its lower portion. The fertilizer reservoir defines an open upper portion for filling and slidably carries an associated tube for adjustment of the volume of a fertilizer charge. An angulated bottom portion of the reservoir allows insertion into the earth and carries a pivotally articulated cover to allow opening of the bottom portion of the reservoir for dispersement of a fertilizer charge. The lower medial portion of the tool body provides a pivotally mounted foot support to aid insertion of the fertilizer reservoir into the earth. Dispersement structure communicates from the pivotally articulated reservoir cover to the handle structure for opening of the cover from the handle area for dispersement of fertilizer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 6, 1995
    Date of Patent: December 17, 1996
    Inventor: Thomas E. Fleming
  • Patent number: 5524558
    Abstract: A straight row seed planter wherein a support frame mounts a hopper onto a support beam, with an axle rotatably mounted within the support frame parallel to the support beam, wherein the support beam includes at least one pair of feed cones extending therefrom, with each feed cone having a closure door plate, and each closure door plate arranged for sequential operation by a respective cam member that effects sequential opening of each respective door plate to effect sequential feeding from the respective feed cones. The hopper is arranged for selective securement to the support frame to accommodate various quantities and sizing of seed to be planted.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 21, 1994
    Date of Patent: June 11, 1996
    Inventors: Ernest F. Pierzchalski, Steven E. Pierzchalski
  • Patent number: 5497713
    Abstract: A garden seeder having a seed hopper atop an elongated barrel, a seed dispenser for dispensing a metered volume of seeds from the hopper into the barrel, a resting plate secured transversely to the bottom of the barrel for resting placement upon the ground, and a seed dispensing foot below the resting plate. The resting plate includes a hoe blade portion extending outwardly from the barrel. Seeds pass down the barrel from the seed dispenser, out the dispensing foot, and into the ground. A measurement arm may extend outwardly from the lower end of the barrel to space newly-planted seeds from previously-planted hills. The seed dispenser includes a sliding plate having interchangeable metering insert plugs that are removably inserted into a seed metering hole in the sliding plate, so as to define a selectable metered volume of seeds to be dispensed with each operation of the seed dispenser.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 26, 1994
    Date of Patent: March 12, 1996
    Inventors: Jesse L. Anderson, Joe S. Sodoma
  • Patent number: 5493977
    Abstract: A planter for seeds and bulbs includes a tube assembly receiving a plunger which is reciprocable between retracted and extended positions. With the plunger in its extended position, a lower end thereof extends downwardly from the tube assembly for embedding a seed in the ground. A handle is mounted on an upper end of the plunger for operating the planter. A feed assembly includes a seed hopper mounted on an upper end of a conduit, the lower end of which is connected to a lower end of the tube for passing seeds thereinto. A spacing rod is provided for gauging the spacing between plantings.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 9, 1994
    Date of Patent: February 27, 1996
    Inventor: Mark A. Maisch
  • Patent number: 5471939
    Abstract: A seed planter having a seed drop tube entrance opening (Bracket 10), connected to a seed drop tube (Bracket 12) with a planter assembly (Bracket 14) leading to seed release bracket and lever assembly (Bracket 16), attached to a flexible wire cable (Bracket 18) and bracket with cable pulley assembly (Bracket 20), utilizing compression springs with stud assembly (Bracket 22) and a hinged soil penetrator and seed release gate assembly (Bracket 24).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 12, 1993
    Date of Patent: December 5, 1995
    Assignee: Lingh A. Chancey
    Inventor: Kenneth J. Chancey
  • Patent number: 5431115
    Abstract: The present invention is a hand-held fertilizer dispenser. The dispenser is tapered in shape, tapering into a small side discharge opening to place the fertilizer exactly where desired. A pivoted handle is provided at the top which allows it to be carried at arm's length to avoid contact with chemicals. A spring loaded trigger pulls a plate upwardly to open a side discharge opening. A retractable spike is used to hold the hopper in a vertical position while loading with fertilizer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 8, 1993
    Date of Patent: July 11, 1995
    Inventor: James M. Auer
  • Patent number: 5431467
    Abstract: A lawn and gardening device for extracting weeds, digging holes, planting seeds, and other small excavations. The lawn and gardening device has a pair of jaws at one end to clamp onto a weed whereby the user first pulls outwards, and then upwards on a pair of handles provide to extract the weed. Holes are dug in the same fashion by simply repeating the above steps in the same location. Seeds are planted by placing a seed into an opening provided at the top end of the pole whereby the seed is guided down the hollow cavity of the pole into the mouth portion and into the hole. The lawn and gardening device comprises a pair of jaws, a pair of hollow poles, two handles, an opening at the top end of the poles, a flexible coupler and spacing means, and jagged teeth around the perimeter of each jaw.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 13, 1994
    Date of Patent: July 11, 1995
    Inventor: Louis F. Mlecka
  • Patent number: 5325798
    Abstract: A planting spacer and planting depth defining device includes a central rod on which a block is slidably mounted to define the depth of plant-receiving planting holes. A ruler is slidably received in the block and is used to define the spacing between plant-receiving holes. The plant-receiving holes are defined by forcing a point of the rod into the ground at the location marked using the ruler. The block is positioned on the rod element at a location to set the depth of the plant-receiving hole when the rod element point is forced into the soil until the block engages the soil.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 1992
    Date of Patent: July 5, 1994
    Inventors: Brian W. Nowell, Gregory L. Nowell
  • Patent number: 5228400
    Abstract: A planting tool having a handle, a bracket connected to one end of the handle, and a conical portion connected to the bracket remote from the handle. The bracket is open in the manner of a stirrup for accommodating a foot of a person using the tool. The conical portion has a tapered portion that faces away from the bracket.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 1991
    Date of Patent: July 20, 1993
    Inventor: William J. Luke
  • Patent number: 5170729
    Abstract: A device for dispensing a quantity of granular fertilizer to an underground location. The device consists of an inner and outer tubular section with the inner tube being hollow. Both tubular sections have a lower pointed end and the inner tube is rotatably disposed within the outer tube. An inner opening and outer opening are located at the lower end of the inner and outer tubes. A funnel is provided on the inner tube as well as a handle which actuates the rotation of the inner tube. Another handle is provided on the outer tube. When the handles are in alignment the openings are not in alignment. This forms a solid outer tube. The inner tubular section is filled with fertilizer, the handles grasped firmly and the device is thrust into the ground. The inner handle is then rotated 90 degrees bringing the inner and outer openings into alignment. The device is then removed from the ground, leaving the fertilizer in the hole formed by the displaced soil.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 7, 1991
    Date of Patent: December 15, 1992
    Inventor: Barry Benner
  • Patent number: 5131570
    Abstract: An apparatus has been devised for repairing divots on a golf course which is comprised of an elongated tubular housing containing seeds or dressing and has a lower dispenser end, a spring-loaded rod disposed in the lower end including an agitator at the upper end of the rod and a valve member which releasably engages a valve seat in the lower end of the housing. When the rod is depressed against the ground, the valve is raised away from the seat and an agitator associated with the rod will loosen seeds or dressing to facilitate its discharge by gravity feed through the lower end of the housing so that it can be deposited evenly onto the area to be repaired.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 1, 1991
    Date of Patent: July 21, 1992
    Inventor: Kenneth C. Sawyer, III
  • Patent number: 5101744
    Abstract: A manual dispenser for granular materials includes a hopper operably connected to one end of an elongated tube for material flow communication. The other end of the tube is closed and a material exit opening is provided in the side of the tube near the bottom end. A freely movable closure is disposed to normally close flow communication between the hopper and the tube. A removable cap is provided for the tube. The forceful manual movement of the tube in a vertical plane to a sudden stop effects the movement of the closure to permit material flow communication between the hopper and the tube for a limited time interval after which the closure is returned to its original position by gravity. During such time interval, material from the hopper will flow by gravity into the tube for passage out of the exit opening to be deposited at any selected point or along a linear path by manipulation of the tube.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 10, 1991
    Date of Patent: April 7, 1992
    Inventor: John T. Nolan
  • Patent number: 5099772
    Abstract: An apparatus and a method are provided for planting seeds with a marked dibble, a marked seed spacer and a marker row spacer. Corresponding markings on a dibble, a seed spacer and a row spacer define the ideal planting depth, seed spacing and row spacing for seed types. Seed spacing is achieved by extending the seed spacer between juxtaposed corresponding markings on the row spacer and creating a hole in the garden soil at a point determined by additional corresponding markings on the seed spacer. Hole depth is determined by further corresponding markings on the dibble.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 13, 1990
    Date of Patent: March 31, 1992
    Assignee: Storybook Garden, Inc.
    Inventor: Robert Murray
  • Patent number: 5052314
    Abstract: A planting tool for plants comprises a tube having a fixed beak half at its lower end. A hinged beak is hinged to the tube such that the fixed and hinged beak halves together form a beak capable of being pressed into the ground. The beak is then opened to make a hole in the ground for the plant, and is latched in the open position by the drawbar of a latching mechanism. The drawbar is attached to the hinged beak half and arranged to slide along an outside surface of the tube as the beak is opened and closed. The drawbar slides within a protective rail that is affixed to the outside of the tube to avoid being damaged or obstructed. The upper end of the drawbar extends above a reference edge of the rail when the beak is closed, and extends below that edge when the beak is open, thereby providing a visual indication of the condition of the beak. A handle for lifting and aiming the tube is adjustably attached to the rail to be adjustable to the height of the operator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 15, 1990
    Date of Patent: October 1, 1991
    Assignee: Sandvik AB
    Inventor: Arvo Leini
  • Patent number: 4995327
    Abstract: An apparatus including a planar support tray mounting a series of seed containers therethrough. The containers may optionally include a removable lid providing a lip to contain seed within the containers. Further, a funnel integrally secured to the support defines an axis orthogonally aligned relative to the support and in communication with an elongate conduit directed downwardly, with a link member orthogonally mounted to the conduit, with the link member integrally mounted at its other end to an arcuate, concave leg brace, wherein the leg brace may optionally include a flexible strap member for securement about the leg to assist in securing and aligning the organization in use. A plurality of further straps secure the organization about the waist and neck of an individual.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 5, 1990
    Date of Patent: February 26, 1991
    Inventor: Walter L. Jeffers, Sr.
  • Patent number: 4934289
    Abstract: A gardening device facilitating the planting of seeds, bulbs or the like includes a platen member having two opposite sides and a plurality of pegs releasably secured to one side of the platen member so as to project therefrom. A carrying handle is attached to the other side of the platen member for facilitating placement of the platen member upon and removal of the platen member from the soil. When the platen member is placed one-side-down upon prepared soil so that the pegs engage the soil and a moderate amount of pressure is applied to the other side of the platen member and generally toward the soil, the pegs penetrate the soil so as to form indentations therein. Upon removal of the device from the soil in a manner withdrawing the pegs from the indentations, the indentations provide formed openings in the soil for accepting seeds or bulbs.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 31, 1987
    Date of Patent: June 19, 1990
    Inventor: Joseph M. Robinson
  • Patent number: 4934288
    Abstract: A device for preparing a deep fertilization hole in soil and for then facilitating dispensing a quantity of fertilizer into the hole formed after the device is used to remove a column of soil in forming the hole. The device includes a hole-making tube, an anvil tube, and a soil ejection rod, all coaxial one to another. The anvil is releasably connectable to the upper end of the hole-making tube. The anvil transmits hammering forces applied against its upper end to drive the lower end of the hole-making tube into the soil. The soil ejection rod is slidably translatable longitudinally within the hole-making tube and is provided to push the column of soil from the hole-making tube which has been removed in forming the fertilizer hole. Removal of the anvil facilitates use of the hole-making tube to deposit the fertilizer into the hole.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 1989
    Date of Patent: June 19, 1990
    Inventors: Joseph W. Kusiak, Beverly A. Kusiak