Abstract: A device for grinding and deburring a flat workpiece comprise a grinding roller having an abrasive coating. A coaxial drive shaft that is connected rotation-fast to the guide roller is driven by a drive motor via a primary belt drive. The grinding roller is borne axially displaceable on the drive shaft. Via a second secondary belt drive, the drive motor drives a cam mechanism, comprising a control cylinder that is rotatably borne on the drive shaft of the grinding roller and that has a groove cam and comprising a cam slide arranged on the grinding roller. The rotating grinding roller thus performs an oscillating axial back-and-forth movement.
Abstract: A method for removing material from a portion of an edge of a shoe upper folded over the bottom of a shoe, comprises the steps of moving the bottom of the shoe in relation to lateral roughing wheels (15) for roughing the edges according to two different paths and in relation to a first (26) and a second tool (22) for roughing the heel and toe areas. The roughing wheels (15) rotate according to an axis substantially parallel to the length of the footwear to provide a removing action directed towards the inside of the bottom, and are movable along a path comprising a forward stroke and a return stroke which are carried out at different distances towards the inside of the bottom. The first tool and the second tool rotate to provide a removing action directed towards the inside of the bottom along a path substantially parallel to the length of the footwear in respective heel and toe areas.
Abstract: In a process for manufacturing chemo-mechanical and/or chemothermal-mechanical wood pulps, raw materials containing lignocellulose, such as wood shavings, wood chips, pre-ground wood or sawdust, are first impregnated with an aqueous alcoholic SO.sub.2 solution and then heated to a temperature between 50.degree. and 170.degree. C. for a period of 1 to 300 minutes. The wood shavings are then ground to the desired degree of fineness in a defibrinating device. The process makes it possible to achieve up to 50% reduction in grinding energy in comparison with known chemothermal-mechanical processes.
Abstract: Automatic carding machine for uppers including a carriage upholding the upper to be scraped and travelling longitudinally along guides constrained to the top of the machine. The upper sector of the carriage runs on similar guides transversely. The movements can be performed simultaneously by means of independent activation members and the carriage translation speed as well as the upper sector are programmable so that the card can intervene in variable measure on the different peripheral parts of the upper arranged on the carriage. The tool or card automatically reverses its direction of rotation so as to roughen the back of the shoe from the outside toward the inside.
November 2, 1992
Date of Patent:
May 10, 1994
Sagitta Officina Meccanica S.p.A.
Roberto Ferrari, Mario Pagani, Doriano Varini
Abstract: The speed of rotation of a side wall roughing tool (250) can be varied in accordances with the speed of relative movement between the tool (250) and side wall portions of the shoe being roughed (the traverse speed of the tool). To this end, a flow control arrangement (F) is provided including a plurality of flow control valves (CV1, CV2), the arrangement being such that, with the rate of flow through each such valve set, the operator can select one or other to be switched into the hydraulic circuit by which a hydraulic motor (232) is driven, said motor effecting rotation of the tool. The selection of one or other flow control valve (CV1, CV2) is made by the operator during the digitishing of the path of the tool relative to the shoe and such information is stored together with the programmed instruction, in the form of digitised corrdiante axis values, for said path.
Abstract: A shoe support (18) for use in a machine for operating progressively onside wall portions of a lasted shoe upper comprises a last pin (722) and a toe support (792) both of which are movable heightwise to bring a shoe supported thereby to a heel seat height datum and toe end height datum as determined respectively by a holddown (450) and toe abutment (806). Heel end centralizing means (390) and toe end centralizing means (822) are also provided.
Abstract: Two embodiments of the invention are described, namely a machine for performing an adhesive-applying operation progressively along marginal portions of the bottoms of lasted shoes and a machine for performing a roughing operation progressively along side wall portions of lasted shoes, each machine comprising a tool holder (670) for supporting a tool (20) for operating along three axes (X-, Y- and Z-axes) upon a workpiece surface, e.g. marginal portions of a shoe bottom. In addition the tool holder (670) is capable of pivoting in two directions, widthwise and lengthwise of the shoe bottom, about a point (P), but without displacment of said point in relation to the shoe support by reason of such pivotal movement. The movement along the various axes and the pivotal movement are all controlled by n.c. motors, e.g. stepping motors ((84), (144), (122), 698, 700), and operator-actuatable means is provided for enabling the path of such tool, including such pivotal movement, to the digitized under operator control.
Abstract: Apparatus (and method) for automatically roughing the cement margin of a shoe or other footwear assembly, which footwear upper assembly includes an upper mounted on a last and an inner sole disposed upon the bottom of the last and connected to the upper. The apparatus (i.e., a roughing machine) typically includes a disc-shaped wire wheel (or other roughing tool) positioned with the plane of the brush approximately perpendicular to the cement margin at the region of contact between the two. The roughing machine includes a mechanism to receive the upper assembly and provide some combination of movements between the upper assembly and the periphery of the wire wheel to achieve a constant region (or area) of contact between the two as the cement margin moves with respect to the wire wheel in the course of roughing.
Abstract: A device for controlling the position of a semi-product of treated shoes comprises a holder, which is provided with a heel support and a toe cap support, the mutual distance of which is adjustable by means of a displacement chain according to the size of the treated shoe. The holder is arranged in side pieces which are fixed to flanges of a hollow shaft seated in a fork extension piece of a vertical spindle seated on a pin shaft fixed in a supporting platform. A piston rod of a main pressure cylinder is connected to one of the side pieces.
Abstract: A device for improving the control of the correction movement of the copying roller of a machine for roughening a margin of a tightened shoe upper comprises a holder of the copying roller which is slidably seated in the basic body of a treating head and connected to a motion gear controlled by means of electric circuits according to a selected program. The correction movement of the holder with the copying roller is controlled by electric circuits, which switches, according to the preselection of code switches, the selected combination of electromagnetic valves of distributors of respective pressure cylinders. The sequence of switching of selected combinations of the electromagnetic valves is determined by switching one of two selecting switches, which control the working cycle of the roughening of the lasting margin of the left shoe or the right one. The whole value of the correction movement of the holder results from the sum of movements of pistons of pressure cylinders.
Abstract: A shoe making machine is disclosed. It comprises a base; a slide table movably mounted on the base; a supporting member fixedly mounted on the slide table and having a clamping device for clamping the heel portion of a shoe body; a pair of guide shafts bridged in parallel each other above the slide table; a tiptoe portion carrying member having the tiptoe accommodating member mounted on its top and a pair of guide members connected to its lower end; locking device for locking and unlocking the tiptoe portion carrying member relative to the slide table, a processing tool table for processing the under-surface of the shoe body and having a constant original position to return slightly away from the tiptoe portion in the set state; and a device for controlling the movement of the tool table in the back and forth direction and up and down direction and of the slide table carrying the shoe body in the right and left direction.
Abstract: An apparatus for roughening the margin of lasted footwear uppers, comprising a body of a roughening head which is adapted for moving toward an article of semi-finished footwear, the holder of which article is supported by a table board rotatable about a vertical axis. The body of the roughening head is mounted in a carrier fork which is mounted in the machine frame and the table board of the holder is provided on a tiltable support platform which is journalled in a bracket of the machine frame.
Abstract: The machine carries out the operations of roughening, reducing, straightening and the like on soles for footwear. The sole is automatically transferred under a processing unit by a carrier moving stepwise and provided with a plurality of driving blocks. A fixed stroke actuator comprises a pegged disc connected by mechanical transmission to the carrier. A bolt locks the carrier and arrests the carrier in the forward motion. During the return course of the actuator, the driving blocks withdraw from the sole.
Abstract: A machine for the automatic carding of uppers for footwear, having a locking unit of the last formed by two parts, one for locking the last in the heel-zone and the other to support the toe, and positioned on a carriage movable on a bedplate; a template positioning system connected to a lifting unit; a fixed tool-holder unit provided with a rocking arm having a free end with a tool fixed thereto; two similar tool-holder units movable in a transverse direction relatively to the axis along which the carriage slides and symmetrically positioned with reference to the symmetry axis of the bedplate, each tool-holder unit being provided with a tool fixed to the free end of a rocking arm whose work pressure on the upper may be suitably regulated; and a profile-copying system for controlling the movement of the two movable tool-holder units in accordance with the contour of the template.
Abstract: A machine for roughing the margin of a shoe upper a desired distance inwardly of the non-rectilinear margin periphery during the rectilinear movement of a shoe assembly, comprising the upper mounted on a last, past a roughing tool. A sensing member, movable towards and away from the shoe assembly in unison with the roughing tool, is caused to bear against the side of the shoe assembly during the shoe assembly movement and the roughing tool is so spaced from the sensing member as to be engageable with the margin. The sensing member is laterally offsettable during the shoe assembly movement to insure that the roughing tool engages the upper margin inwardly of the margin periphery during the movement of upper margin peripheral portions that are inclined with respect to the direct of rectilinear movement of the shoe assembly.
Abstract: An automatic shoe bottom roughing machine has tool supports mounted on movable carrier arms to permit movement of the arms widthwise across the shoe bottom, the tool support being pivotable heightwise, both the tool supports and the arms being light in weight to reduce unnecessary movement or bounce in the tools, the machine including a one-way hydraulic damping arrangement effective to resist upward movement of the tools.
August 23, 1977
Date of Patent:
November 21, 1978
Kingsley J. Tutt, William F. Willbond, John Davies
Abstract: A roughing machine for roughing the margin of an upper of a shoe assembly comprised of a last having an insole on its bottom and the upper mounted thereon with the upper margin lying against and being secured to the insole periphery. The machine is so constructed as to enable a roughing tool to engage the upper margin a relatively great or a relatively small distance inwardly of the periphery of the shoe assembly bottom during movement of the upper margin past the roughing tool and the machine incorporates an automatically operable mechanism for placing the roughing tool in one or the other of these positions.
Abstract: A roughing machine for roughing the margin of an upper of a shoe assembly comprised of a last having an insole on its bottom and the upper mounted thereon with the margin lying against and being secured to the insole periphery. The machine incorporates a margin control mechanism that enables a roughing tool to engage the upper margin a relatively great distance inwardly of the periphery of the shoe assembly bottom during the passage of portions of the sides of the shoe assembly bottom past the roughing tool and to engage the upper margin a relatively small distance inwardly of the periphery of the shoe assembly bottom during the passage of the remainder of the shoe assembly bottom past the roughing tool.
Abstract: A roughing machine for operating on a shoe assembly, comprised of a last having an insole located on its bottom and an upper mounted thereon with the upper margin lying against and being secured to the periphery of the insole, by roughing the upper margin. The machine includes a roughing tool that is mounted to a tool mount. The tool mount includes a pair of tines that are yieldably urged against the bottom of the shoe assembly that is supported bottom-up in the machine and a sensing member that is movable from an idle position to a position of engagement with the side of the shoe assembly. A triggering arrangement causes the sensing member to move into engagement with the side of the shoe assembly in response to the engagement of the tines with the bottom of the shoe assembly.