Vane Patents (Class 123/243)
  • Patent number: 10317384
    Abstract: A liquid monitoring system includes a remote measurement device located at a location of the fire hydrant that is in contact with water provided by a water main. The remote measurement device has sensors that measure characteristics of the water and a communication interface that transmits measured information to a communication network device that may be located elsewhere on the fire hydrant. The communication network device communicates with a communication network.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 21, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Assignee: AMI Investments, L.L.C.
    Inventors: Brian Morrow, Mike Vore, Charles Kitowski, Daniel Copeland, Leon G. McCullough
  • Patent number: 10309337
    Abstract: The purpose of the present invention is to provide a control device for an internal combustion engine with which it is possible to favorably control an engine even if there could occur a difference in temperatures of fuel injected into respective cylinders. The present invention is a control device for an internal combustion engine, for controlling an internal combustion engine provided with fuel injection valves for directly injecting fuel respectively to a plurality of cylinders, wherein: the control device is provided with a fuel temperature acquiring means for acquiring respective temperatures of fuel injected to each of the cylinders; and at least one of a fuel injection valve control amount, ignition control amount, and intake and exhaust valve control amount of each of the cylinders is set in accordance with the respective temperatures of fuel acquired by the fuel temperature acquiring means.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 25, 2015
    Date of Patent: June 4, 2019
    Assignee: Hitachi Automotive Systems, Ltd.
    Inventors: Yoshihiro Sukegawa, Takashi Okamoto
  • Patent number: 10253698
    Abstract: An internal combustion engine that uses stratification of gasses for compressing air is disclosed. The engine uses a combustion chamber that delivers products of combustion into an elongated compression chamber to drive the products of combustion against resident air within the elongated compression chamber, and push the resident air into a compressed air chamber. After driving the resident air into the compressed air chamber, the products of combustion are used with work-producing devices. Air is then driven into the compression chamber by an air pump or low-pressure compressor to once again fill the compression chamber with fresh air. The air in the compressed air chamber is then delivered to the combustion chamber and used for combustion. Fuel is delivered to the combustion chamber by a fuel injector, and ignited by the heat of the compressed air and/or a glow plug, spark plug, or similar ignition device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 2015
    Date of Patent: April 9, 2019
    Inventor: Marshall Ashmann
  • Patent number: 9574446
    Abstract: A bladed expander for recovery of thermal energy from a working fluid, comprising a stator provided with an inlet port and an outlet port for the working fluid, a rotor housed within the stator, and a plurality of blades set between the rotor and the stator so as to delimit between them a plurality of compartments with variable volume that increases between the inlet port and the outlet port. The stator and the rotor are subjected to a heat exchange with a hot fluid so as to carry out a transformation of expansion during which the working fluid receives thermal energy from outside.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 19, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 21, 2017
    Assignee: ING ENEA MATTEI S.p.A.
    Inventor: Giulio Contaldi
  • Patent number: 9528402
    Abstract: Energy to speed heating of a catalyst associated with an internal combustion engine can be provided in the form of sensible energy (heat) via hot combustion products. In some variations, timing of opening and/or closing of an exhaust valve can be manipulated to increase sensible heat delivered to the catalyst in the exhaust gases.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 28, 2014
    Date of Patent: December 27, 2016
    Assignee: Pinnacle Engines, Inc.
    Inventors: James M. Cleeves, Michael A. Willcox
  • Patent number: 9376957
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a system for cooling a rotary engine, the system comprising a drive shaft having a bore hole and at least one of a coolant transmission hole in fluid communication with the bore hole. At least one of a coolant distribution channel is in fluid communication with the coolant transmission hole. A coolant fluid channel receives a coolant liquid from the coolant distribution channel, wherein the coolant liquid is circulated between the bore hole and the outer coolant fluid channel to cool the rotary engine. Other exemplary embodiments include a centripetal force pump formed by at least the rotation of the drive shaft, which circulates the coolant liquid between the drive shaft bore hole and the outer coolant fluid channel to cool the rotary engine, and adjusting the coolant liquid flow rate based, in part, on the RPM of the drive shaft.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 23, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 28, 2016
    Inventor: Boots Rolf Hughston
  • Patent number: 9149776
    Abstract: A system includes a model-based control unit configured to receive a lower heating value for a liquid fuel having a composition. The processor is configured to determine a specific gravity, a hydrocarbon ratio, or both, for the liquid fuel based, at least in part, on the lower heating value of the liquid fuel. The processor is configured to compare the hydrocarbon ratio, the specific gravity, and/or the lower heating value of the liquid fuel to a collection of hydrocarbon ratios, specific gravities, and/or lower heating values for a plurality of mixtures of methane and ethylene. The processor is configured to identify a mixture of methane and ethylene from the collection that best matches the hydrocarbon ratio, the specific gravity, and/or the lower heating value of the liquid fuel and configured to use the identified mixture of methane and ethylene as a model for the composition of the liquid fuel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 6, 2015
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventor: John Benjamin Drohan
  • Patent number: 9151220
    Abstract: Rotary positive displacement internal combustion two stroke engine with only one major moving part, i.e. engine's eccentric shaft, with cylinders encompassing eccentrics of the shaft, with said eccentrics being suitably sealed in said cylinders, wherein combustion gases exert force directly on said eccentrics of said eccentric shaft. Gas forces can be nullified by suitably phasing shaft's eccentrics, thus nullifying gas forces loading shaft's bearings. The engine is naturally perfectly balanced. The engine possesses natural self-cleaning capability, and is capable of being fueled by coal dust. Units of the type developing 2 000 MW and 3 000-3 6000 rev/min, intended to replace steam turbines in power stations, can be built.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 6, 2015
    Inventor: Wieslaw Julian Oledzki
  • Patent number: 9027528
    Abstract: A rotary engine having a main block with a cylindrical cavity, a rotor having at least one divisor having at least one ring for rotably engaging a main axis. The divisors having an edge slidably abutting the internal surface of the cylindrical cavity. The rotor having at least one bearing for engaging the cams of the main axis. The rotor having at least one transversal fissure having a trapezoidal profile and a transversal cylindrical opening. The transversal cylindrical opening having at least one pivoted sliding guide for movably holding the divisors at an angle of 90 degrees between the edge the divisors relative to the internal surface of the cylindrical cavity during a complete 360-degree turn of the rotor. The rotor having a planetary gear interfering with a stationary satellite gear of the main axis and having a diameter wider than diameter of the stationary satellite gear.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 2, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 12, 2015
    Inventor: Jose Fernando Bittencourt
  • Patent number: 8950377
    Abstract: A hybrid internal combustion engine (variants thereof) comprises a casing having an annular working chamber with intake, exhaust ports, and overflow channels; and two drive shafts coaxial with the working chamber; a stationary central gear wheel; an output shaft having an offset portion fixedly carrying a carrier and a planetary gear; connecting rods pivotally connecting the carrier and the arms of both drive shafts, wherein the overflow channels are adjacent to the working chamber and connect the compression and expansion sections thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2015
    Inventor: Yevgeniy Fedorovich Drachko
  • Patent number: 8925516
    Abstract: According to the invention, a rotary engine is disclosed. The rotary engine may include a body, a rotor, and an ignition element. The body may define a rotor cavity, an intake channel, and a first exhaust channel. The rotor may be disposed within the rotor cavity and may define at least one chamber. Each chamber may receive a fuel from the intake channel when the rotor is in a first position. Each chamber may also at least partially contain combustion of the fuel when the rotor is in a second position. Each chamber may further output an exhaust to the first exhaust channel when the rotor is in a third position. The ignition element may be in communication with each chamber when each chamber is in the second position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 1, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2015
    Inventor: Todd Daman
  • Patent number: 8904991
    Abstract: The rotary mechanism with articulating rotor may be adapted as a pump or compressor when external power is applied to its shaft, as a motor when differential pressure is applied to its inlet and outlet ports, or as an internal combustion engine when provided with fuel, air, and ignition source. The mechanism includes an internal chamber having major and minor diameters. An articulating rotor having four linked segments rotates therein. The segments allow the rotor to articulate between square and rhomboid shapes as it rotates within the chamber, the rotor segments forming variable volume chamber portions as they rotate. The rotor segments are linked to the central shaft either by a transverse arm rotationally affixed to the central shaft and to diametrically opposed rotor segments, or by telescoping rods connecting the linked ends of the rotor segments to the central shaft.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 19, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 9, 2014
    Assignee: Kuwait University
    Inventor: Osamah M. Al-Hawaj
  • Publication number: 20140318123
    Abstract: A rotary engine rotary engine according to the present invention comprises a main housing assembly and a rotor assembly rotatably supported within the housing. The rotor assembly has two rotors, an intake/compression rotor rotatably disposed within the intake/compression housing, and a power/exhaust rotor rotatably disposed within the power/exhaust housing. The rotors have N number of apexes and sides, wherein N is an integer greater than 2. A rotating chamber is formed between each side of the each rotor and the inner wall of the respective housing. The stages of the thermodynamic cycle of the engine occur within these chambers. For example, if the rotors have three sides, the rotors will have a triangular-like shape with three apexes. The apexes form the outermost radial part of the rotors which engage the inner wall of the respective housing bore.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 14, 2014
    Publication date: October 30, 2014
    Inventor: Jose Lopez Cruz
  • Patent number: 8863724
    Abstract: Engines and methods execute a high efficiency hybrid cycle, which is implemented in a volume within an engine. The cycle includes isochoric heat addition and over-expansion of the volume within the engine, wherein the volume is reduced in a compression portion of the cycle from a first quantity to a second quantity, the volume is held substantially constant at the second quantity during a heat addition portion of the cycle, and the volume is increased in an expansion portion of the cycle to a third quantity, the third quantity being larger than the first quantity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 4, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignee: LiquidPiston, Inc.
    Inventors: Nikolay Shkolnik, Alexander C. Shkolnik
  • Patent number: 8833338
    Abstract: The invention comprises a rotary engine method and apparatus configured with a lip seal. A lip seal restricts fuel flow from a fuel compartment to a non-fuel compartment and/or fuel flow between fuel chambers, such as between a reference expansion chamber and any of an engine: rotor, vane, housing, and/or a leading or trailing expansion chamber. In separate states, high pressure and low pressure force sealing movement of the lip seal, respectively. The lip seal is optionally used in combination with a cap seal to form a dynamic seal. The dynamic seals ability to track a noncircular path are particularly beneficial for use in a rotary engine having an offset rotor and with a non-circular inner rotary engine compartment having engine wall cut-outs and/or build-ups. The dynamic sealing forces further provide cap sealing forces over a range of temperatures, pressures, fuel flow rates, varying loads, and operating engine rotation rates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 30, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 16, 2014
    Inventor: Merton W. Pekrul
  • Patent number: 8776759
    Abstract: A rotary engine according to the present invention comprises a main housing assembly and a rotor assembly rotatably supported within the housing. The rotor assembly has two rotors, an intake/compression rotor rotatably disposed within the intake/compression housing, and a power/exhaust rotor rotatably disposed within the power/exhaust housing. The rotors have N number of apexes and sides, wherein N is an integer greater than 2. A rotating chamber is formed between each side of the each rotor and the inner wall of the respective housing. The stages of the thermodynamic cycle of the engine occur within these chambers. For example, if the rotors have three sides, the rotors will have a triangular-like shape with three apexes. The apexes form the outermost radial part of the rotors which engage the inner wall of the respective housing bore. Each of these chambers is split into two divided chambers by a reciprocating vane, thereby forming 2 times N divided chambers in each of the respective housing bores.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 4, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 15, 2014
    Inventor: Jose Lopez Cruz
  • Patent number: 8733316
    Abstract: The invention is an internal combustion engine converting the fuel/air mixture (17) to energy, comprising at least one engine having at least one engine cover (2), at least one external piston (5) having geared rotary ducts and providing the combustion and compression volumes inside said engine body (1), having fuel/air mixture (17) and exhaust gas (18) discharge openings (4.1), one internal piston (7) which rotates inside said internal piston space (6) and compresses the fuel/air mixture (17) sucked in through the suction opening (6.1) behind it and pumps this into the external piston inner space (4) and an external piston (5) rotating in the opposite direction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 25, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 27, 2014
    Inventor: Yilmaz Yasar Tuncer
  • Patent number: 8733317
    Abstract: A rotary engine has a rotor that has rockers pivoting in chambers. As each rocker pivots, it rotates an outer crankshaft. Each outer crankshaft has a spur gear that engages a stationary ring gear. Spur gear rotation causes the gears and the outer crankshafts to revolve around the ring gear. This cause the rotor to rotate. As the rotor rotates, successive chambers are positioned at the intake, compression, ignition, and exhaust positions. Igniting the fuel in the ignition position pushes the rocker inward to rotate the outer crankshaft associated with that rocker to cause the rotor to rotate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 27, 2014
    Assignee: Gotek Energy, Inc.
    Inventor: Steve Herbruck
  • Publication number: 20140102402
    Abstract: A rotary internal combustion engine includes an outer housing and an inner housing defining an enclosure therebetween, and first and second side housings disposed on opposite sides of the outer housing. At least one of the outer and inner housings is rotatable relative to the other and at least two barriers are disposed in the enclosure and divide the enclosure into a combustion chamber and an exhaust chamber. At least one barrier is rotatable relative to at least one other barrier and at least one barrier comprises a retractable barrier mounted along a pivot axis and is pivotable between an extended position and a retracted position. An intake port, exhaust port, and ignition source are also provided. The rotary internal combustion engine further includes an intake opening formed in one of the side housings. The intake opening is intermittently fluidly communicating with the combustion chamber through the intake port.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 16, 2013
    Publication date: April 17, 2014
    Inventor: Scott HUDSON
  • Patent number: 8695564
    Abstract: A toroidal engine that can be powered by a fuel/air mixture or by a compressed gas source. The toroidal engine uses one-way bearings to transfer torque generated in a toroidal chamber directly to a drive shaft. Pairs of pistons are mounted on two crank assemblies, which are concentric with the drive shaft. One-way bearings allow the crank assemblies to turn, one at a time, in one direction only. The crank assemblies are directly coupled to the drive shaft, which eliminates the need for complex gear and linkage arrangements. A system can be used with the toroidal engine to alternately stop the crank assemblies at a pre-determined position and to time the ignition of the engine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 1, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 15, 2014
    Assignee: Dalhousie University
    Inventors: Braden Murphy, Aziz Martakoush, Adam Krajewski, Brett Dickey, Jean-Francois Pelletier, Darrel Doman
  • Patent number: 8684714
    Abstract: An orbital engine with a first outer generally tubular body with a first axis, and a second generally tubular inner orbiter body with a second axis, the second inner body being moveable within the first outer body. The first and second axes are parallel, but not colinear. The second inner body revolves, but does not rotate, within the first outer body Vanes extending generally radially relative to both the inner and outer bodies define multiple chambers in the space between the outside of the inner body and the inside of the outer body. The vanes reciprocate relative to both the inner and outer bodies, and no vane traverses the entire inner surface of the outer body. When fitted with ports in the outer body and valves, the orbital engine may be implemented as an internal combustion engine, gas compressor, liquid pump, air motor, blower, fan or turbine, etc.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 5, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 1, 2014
    Inventor: Frank W. Leonard
  • Patent number: 8567178
    Abstract: The present invention is an engine, which includes a positive displacement compression process, a variably fueled, continuous combustor and/or heat exchanger, and a positive displacement, work-producing expander. This arrangement avoids the traditional stochiometric mixture requirements utilized in spark-ignition based engines and the emission problems associated with diesel engines.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 15, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 29, 2013
    Inventor: Roy J. Hartfield, Jr.
  • Patent number: 8516990
    Abstract: A hybrid engine including a set of sequencing generators, an electric motor, and a rotary internal combustion engine, including pivotal vane elements mounted on a rotor and biased into engagement to sequentially form intake, compression, combustion and exhaust chambers between the rotor and its housings annular inner wall.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 16, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 27, 2013
    Inventor: Michael M. Vasilantone
  • Patent number: 8511277
    Abstract: A “TurboMotor” positive displacement rotary-piston machine comprises a casing having an annular working chamber and intake and exhaust ports, two drive shafts coaxial with the annular surface defining the working chamber and provided with rotary pistons on one end thereof and with arms on the other end thereof, a stationary central gear coaxial with the surface defining the working chamber and with the drive shafts, an output shaft concentric with the drive shafts and having an offset portion carrying a carrier and a planetary gear, the planetary gear being in mesh with the stationary central gear the carrier being pivotally connected to the arms of both drive shafts through the connecting rods. The annular working chamber of the casing communicates with the intake ports and exhaust ports and/or exit channels and entrance channels arranged sequentially and contiguously.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 6, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 20, 2013
    Inventor: Yevgeniy Fedorovich Drachko
  • Patent number: 8464685
    Abstract: An internal combustion engine that includes a rotary head that has an expansion chamber and that includes intake and exhaust slots. A drum is disposed in close noncontacting proximity to the inner side of the rotary head. The drum and the rotary head are substantially rotationally symmetric about a common axis. Radially moveable plates respond to a mechanical control mechanism adapted to move each plate from a retracted position in which the plate is located entirely within the outer surface of the drum and an extended position in close proximity to an upper surface of the expansion chamber to substantially seal the expansion chamber. At least one of the plates is present between the intake slot and the exhaust slot such that the combustion gas within the expansion chamber exerts a force on the plate and the drum to produce rotational motion of the rotary head about the common axis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 1, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 18, 2013
    Assignee: Ionel Mihailescu
    Inventor: Ionel Mihailescu
  • Publication number: 20130081591
    Abstract: A rotary engine rotary engine according to the present invention comprises a main housing assembly and a rotor assembly rotatably supported within the housing. The rotor assembly has two rotors, an intake/compression rotor rotatably disposed within the intake/compression housing, and a power/exhaust rotor rotatably disposed within the power/exhaust housing. The rotors have N number of apexes and sides, wherein N is an integer greater than 2. A rotating chamber is formed between each side of the each rotor and the inner wall of the respective housing. The stages of the thermodynamic cycle of the engine occur within these chambers. For example, if the rotors have three sides, the rotors will have a triangular-like shape with three apexes. The apexes form the outermost radial part of the rotors which engage the inner wall of the respective housing bore.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 4, 2011
    Publication date: April 4, 2013
    Inventor: Jose Lopez Cruz
  • Patent number: 8408179
    Abstract: Combustion engine (10) comprising a stator (11) provided with a compartment (16), inside which a rotor (20) is mounted rotatable, which comprises two parts (22, 23) each comprising a peripheral surface (47) and articulated one with respect to the other and both mounted rotatable, around the same axis of rotation (21) substantially coaxial with the compartment (16). The combustion engine (10) comprises kinematisms (60) to coordinate cyclically the rotations of the two parts (22, 23) around the axis of rotation (21), so that each of the parts (22, 23) accelerates or decelerates synchronously with respect to the other, while still both rotating in the same direction and at the same average angular velocity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 25, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 2, 2013
    Assignee: Valmax S.R.L.
    Inventor: Mariano Manganaro
  • Patent number: 8347848
    Abstract: An engine having a rotor including at least one slot and at least one combustion chamber used to form a cavity is provided. The engine also includes at least one vane rollably disposed in the slot, and a block for receiving the rotor, and having a first quadrant including an inlet port, a second quadrant, a third quadrant, and a fourth quadrant having an outlet port. The vane moves through the first quadrant, drawing air into the block and the cavity. The vane then moves through the second quadrant, compressing the air. The vane then moves through the third quadrant, combusting the air, and forcing the rotor to rotate. The vane then moves through the fourth quadrant, forcing the air out of the outlet port.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 22, 2006
    Date of Patent: January 8, 2013
    Assignee: Vengeance Power Inc.
    Inventors: Tony Sleiman, Andre Laba, Jessie Laba
  • Patent number: 8347847
    Abstract: The invention relates to heat engines and more specifically to positive displacement internal combustion engines, and is particularly concerned with oscillating engines i.e. engines, in which piston executes oscillating motion. The invention provides the optimal, “canonical” form for the two stroke oscillating engine of unique strenght and compactness.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 20, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 8, 2013
    Inventor: Wieslaw Julian Oledzki
  • Patent number: 8336518
    Abstract: A rotary machine is provided, having a stator forming a chamber for a rotor, the stator having two sidewalls defining opposite sides of the chamber and a substantially continuous, circumferentially extending inner wall, and at least one inlet and outlet. A rotor and stator define two cavities at opposite ends of the chamber. The rotor has at least two radially extending slots and at least two radially movable vanes having first and second primary rollers and first and second secondary rollers mounted on a radially inward section of the vane. Two roller cam devices are each provided on a respective one of the stator side walls and are positioned centrally adjacent opposite sides of the rotor. In use, outer tips of the vanes slidingly engage the inner wall of the stator. The primary rollers limit outward vane movement due to centrifugal forces. Secondary rollers limit and control inward vanes movement.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 13, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 25, 2012
    Assignee: Korona Group Ltd.
    Inventors: Tony Sleiman, Andre Sarkis Laba, Jessie Joseph Laba
  • Patent number: 8261715
    Abstract: Internal combustion engine has intake with compression in piston/cylinders and combustion and exhaust in a turbine. Turbine assembly includes a rotor connected to an output shaft and has variable blades pivotally mounted to rotor. The output shaft is connected to a crankshaft that is connects to the pistons to synchronizes intake and compression with combustion and exhaust. While the rotor spins centrifugal force causes the blades to swivel outwardly. The blades swivel inboard of the rotor as the space between them and the turbine housing cam contour gradually decreases. After partial compression, air enters the turbine assembly's combustion and exhaust chamber. Once full compression is attained, combustion takes place initiating a power cycle causing the turbine to rotate. When the power cycle is completed, the inner cam contour forces the blades inboard and exhaust is cleared by the subsequent variable blade, facilitating the next combustion and exhaust cycle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 2, 2009
    Date of Patent: September 11, 2012
    Inventor: Samuel Lee Samuels
  • Patent number: 8235150
    Abstract: A pneumatic hybrid turbo transmission for reduced energy consumption is disclosed. A pneumatic hybrid turbo transmission configured as a multi-purpose unit (MPU). The MPU recovers energy from the cooling system, exhaust system, ram pressure and the breaking system. The MPU unit is an automatic transmission, supercharger, air compressor for other uses, and starter for the engine using a multi-purpose unit that will eliminate the need for a torque converter or clutch, flywheel, catalytic converter, starter and supercharger. The MPU reduces pollution to near zero and reduces the aerodynamic drag coefficient on the vehicle. The MPU uses two or more in-line compressors to transfer power from the power source, such as an internal combustion engine (ICE) to a turbine or multi-stage turbine that acts as an automatic transmission. The pneumatic hybrid turbo transmission system uses plug-in power as a second source of power.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 9, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 7, 2012
    Inventor: Rez Mustafa
  • Patent number: 8225607
    Abstract: The housing of a vane-type machine has a largely cylindrical space for accommodating the vane cells. A shaft is eccentrically arranged in the housing. First and second guide plates are provided on the shaft. Slides displaceable largely radially to the shaft in the direction of the inner housing wall are guided by the guide plates. A vane cell is formed with the participation of two adjacent slides of the adjacent region of the inner housing wall and the volume of the vane cells in the region of an inlet opening differs from the volume of the vane cells in the region of an outlet opening. To increase the speed of the shaft and the temperature of the medium, the slides are lubricated by pressure oil and radially and axially guided by a guideway, which is fixed with respect to the housing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 29, 2005
    Date of Patent: July 24, 2012
    Inventors: Michael Stegmair, Daniel Stegmair
  • Publication number: 20120174890
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a system for improving the performance of a rotary engine comprising at least one of a piston having at least one piston vane configured to rotate. A peddle block is positioned in the pathway of the piston vane, wherein as the piston vane approaches the peddle block a secondary exhaust pressure increases against the piston vane surface, the secondary exhaust pressure, in part, causes the piston vane to rotate and self-align for a subsequent cycle. A variable orifice secondary exhaust port selectively vents at least a portion of the secondary exhaust pressure, away from the piston vane setting an optimal rotational speed of the piston vane, improving performance of the rotary engine. Other exemplary embodiments include turbo-charging the rotary engine by increasing the secondary exhaust pressure, increasing the piston vane rotation, and increasing the amount of secondary exhaust pressure that is recirculated.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 23, 2012
    Publication date: July 12, 2012
    Inventor: Boots Rolf Hughston
  • Patent number: 8210151
    Abstract: The inventive volume expansion rotary piston machine includes a body (1) with a circular working cavity which is provided with and intake and exhaust channels (18, 19) and in which bladed pistons (5, 6) are disposed on two coaxial shafts (2, 3). Said shafts have arms (4) which are connected, by means of connecting rods (10), to crankshafts with planet toothed wheels which are fastened to said crankshafts and are engaged with a fixed central toothed wheel (12). The volume expansion rotary piston machine comprises an output shaft (7) with an eccentric (8) on which a planet wheel (11) with a carrier (9) are rigidly connected and mounted, and which planet wheel is kinematically connected to the arms (4) of the two shafts (2, 3) by means of the connecting rods (10).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 27, 2007
    Date of Patent: July 3, 2012
    Inventor: Yevgeniy Fedorovich Drachko
  • Patent number: 8171911
    Abstract: The invention provides the proper form for the rotary positive displacement internal combustion engine. The construction of the engines according to the invention is based on a specific form of four bar mechanism and features unique simplicity (only three moving parts, no valves or camshafts, no gears to transfer piston movement to rotary movement), compactness and strength that make the engines according to the invention similar in these and some other aspects (e.g. power density) to gas turbines.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 21, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 8, 2012
    Inventor: Wieslaw Julian Oledzki
  • Patent number: 8156919
    Abstract: Embodiments of rotary vane engines include rotors that rotate about an axis of rotation. The rotors can be moved in directions substantially perpendicular to the axis of rotation to vary expansion and/or compression ratios of the rotary vane engines. The ability to vary the expansion and/or compression ratios can facilitate optimization of the performance of the rotary vane engines as operating conditions vary.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 17, 2012
    Inventor: David S. Darrow
  • Publication number: 20120067324
    Abstract: A rotary internal combustion engine having a single toroidal cylinder and a set of orbital pistons attached to a rotating head or toroidal cylinder cover. The toroidal cylinder is divided into two chambers by two rotating disk valves perpendicular to the toroidal cylinder. Each rotating disk valve has a piston slot or opening that allows the orbital pistons to pass through the rotating disk valves while maintaining sealed chambers within the toroidal cylinder. The rotating disk valve that seals the compression chamber has a void within it that forms a pre-combustion chamber, which receives the compressed fuel-air mixture and releases it on the opposite side of the disk valve into the combustion chamber. The two orbital pistons and rotating disk valves allow the four cycles of the toroidal internal combustion engine to occur simultaneously within the toroidal cylinder.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 31, 2010
    Publication date: March 22, 2012
    Inventor: Denny Cleveland Williams
  • Publication number: 20120031370
    Abstract: The invention relates to the control of the vanes of vane machines by means of a disk-shaped control link arranged inside a divided rotor, which control link is connected to the housing of the machine by means of a central axle in alignment with the rotor shaft and takes on the guidance of the vanes when the rotor rotates relative to the housing track.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 4, 2010
    Publication date: February 9, 2012
    Inventor: Eggert Guenther
  • Publication number: 20120000199
    Abstract: The present invention is an engine, which includes a positive displacement compression process, a variably fueled, continuous combustor and/or heat exchanger, and a positive displacement, work-producing expander. This arrangement avoids the traditional stochiometric mixture requirements utilized in spark-ignition based engines and the emission problems associated with diesel engines.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 15, 2011
    Publication date: January 5, 2012
    Inventor: Roy J. HARTFIELD, JR.
  • Patent number: 8037863
    Abstract: The present invention is an engine, which includes a positive displacement compression process, a variably fueled, continuous combustor and/or heat exchanger, and a positive displacement, work-producing expander. This arrangement avoids the traditional stochiometric mixture requirements utilized in spark-ignition based engines and the emission problems associated with diesel engines.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 5, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 18, 2011
    Inventor: Roy J. Hartfield, Jr.
  • Publication number: 20110168127
    Abstract: A rotary apparatus is described having: a vane; a rotor comprising a center, the rotor configured to carry the vane; and a housing, the rotor operatively mounted within the housing. The vane includes: a central vane axis extending longitudinally through the vane along a y-axis, the y-axis comprising a line from the center of the rotor to the housing, and a vane end intersecting the y-axis, the vane end proximate an inner surface of said housing. The vane end of the vane further includes a vane extension protruded radially outward from about the vane end along an x-axis about perpendicular to the y-axis, the vane extension comprising at least one aperture therethrough. During operation of the rotary apparatus, fuel flows through the aperture reducing pressure between a portion of the vane extension and the housing, which facilitates vane sealing to the housing and improves efficiency by reducing engine chatter.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 21, 2011
    Publication date: July 14, 2011
    Applicant: Fibonacci International, Inc.
    Inventor: Merton W. Pekrul
  • Publication number: 20110155095
    Abstract: A rotary engine is described including: (1) a rotor eccentrically located within a housing, the rotor configured with a plurality of rotor vane slots; (2) a first vane of a set of vanes separating an interior space between the rotor and the housing into at least a trailing chamber and a leading chamber, where the first vane slidingly engages a rotor vane slot; (3) a first conduit within the rotor configured to communicate a first flow between the trailing chamber and the rotor vane slot; and (4) a second conduit within the rotor configured to communicate a second flow between the trailing chamber and the first conduit. Optionally, a vane seal is affixed to the first vane or the rotor, where the vane seal is configured to valve the first conduit or a vane conduit, respectively.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 19, 2011
    Publication date: June 30, 2011
    Applicant: Fibonacci International, Inc.
    Inventor: Merton W. Pekrul
  • Publication number: 20110155096
    Abstract: A rotary engine is described including: (1) a rotor located within a housing, the rotor configured with a plurality of rotor vane slots; (2) a vane separating an interior space between the rotor and the housing into at least a trailing chamber and a leading chamber, where the vane slidingly engages a rotor vane slot; (3) a first conduit within the rotor configured to communicate a first flow between the trailing chamber and the rotor vane slot; and (4) a lower trailing vane seal affixed to the vane, the lower trailing vane seal configured to valve the first conduit with rotation of the rotor. Optionally, a second conduit within the rotor is configured to communicate a second flow between the trailing chamber and the first conduit. Optionally, movement of the vane valves one or more additional fuel flow paths as a function of rotation of the rotor.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 20, 2011
    Publication date: June 30, 2011
    Applicant: Fibonacci International, Inc.
    Inventor: Merton W. Pekrul
  • Patent number: 7942000
    Abstract: A rotary vane engine system for using exhaust heat energy of a fuel-based heat engine. The heat engine includes a crankshaft being driven by a combustion cycle, and the heat engine generates exhaust gases by combustion. The system comprises an independent air system, wherein the independent air system contains air separate to the exhaust gases. A heat exchanger system is provided for transferring exhaust heat energy from the exhaust gases to the air contained in the independent air system to generate pressurized air. A rotary vane engine is also provided having a housing, a rotor contained within the housing and coupled to the crankshaft of the heat engine, and a plurality of vanes extending radially from the rotor. The pressurized air is expanded within the rotary vane engine for rotation of the rotor thereby providing drive to the crankshaft of the heat engine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 2007
    Date of Patent: May 17, 2011
    Assignee: Engine-Uity Limited
    Inventor: Barry T. Crate
  • Publication number: 20110083637
    Abstract: A rotary double engine comprising of two separate engines, one in the peripheral area of the housing cavity and one in the central area of the rotor. A number of expansion chambers and compression chambers are formed between the anterior wall, posterior wall, housing inner wall and movable vanes which extends from the inner peripheral surface of the housing through the slots in the eccentric located rotor to the centrally located cam and bears on the inner peripheral surface of the housing, inner surface of the anterior wall, inner surface of the posterior wall and outer surface of the cam. The expansion chambers expand and contract during the operation of the engine. The output shaft is connected to and passes centrally through the rotor and extends out through the anterior wall and posterior wall and bearings. Intake port in the housing front wall or posterior wall allows pressurized air or air/fuel mixture to pass into the expansion chambers of the peripheral engine and or central engine.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 8, 2009
    Publication date: April 14, 2011
    Inventor: David H. Blount
  • Publication number: 20100319654
    Abstract: A rotary vane engine includes a sealing area that prevents or reduces carry-back between portions of the rotary vane engine. The rotary vane engine includes a stator housing having a stator wall with a first portion and a second portion. The first portion may be formed with a curvature that substantially matches the curvature of a rotor and provides the sealing. The rotary vane engine may include a first insert member for allowing adjustment of a fluid manipulation ratio (compression or expansion).
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 15, 2010
    Publication date: December 23, 2010
    Inventor: Hans-Peter MESSMER
  • Publication number: 20100258075
    Abstract: The invention relates to the engine-building industry, specifically, to rotary internal combustion engines converting heat energy into mechanical energy. It is proposed to improve the design of the rotary engine, consisting of stator and two co-axial rotors with two vanes on each by introducing in it the reducing gear, including main shaft, rotors shafts and auxiliary device shaft, on which the two-tooth gears are mounted. The crown of the two-tooth gears has a shape of mating convex and concave arcs, which teeth meshing ensures a kinematic interaction of the rotor shaft gears with the main shaft gears and with the auxiliary device gears.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 7, 2005
    Publication date: October 14, 2010
    Inventors: Ivan Samko, Svyatoslav Samko
  • Patent number: 7793516
    Abstract: The problems of prior compressor structures relying upon conventional check valves are obviated by using, instead, flow control passages which operate to control flow while avoiding mechanical moving elements which may become problematical.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 2006
    Date of Patent: September 14, 2010
    Assignee: Lenovo (Singapore) Pte. Ltd.
    Inventors: Timothy Samuel Farrow, Albert Vincent Makley
  • Patent number: 7757658
    Abstract: An internal combustion rotary engine using vanes to create separate combustion chambers within the engine and capable of performing all four strokes of the Otto cycle (intake, compression, combustion and exhaust) in each separate combustion chamber. Each Otto cycle is completed in a 180-degree rotation with all four strokes of the Otto cycle being completed in 720 degrees. An intake and exhaust valve system tightly controls the flow of the air/fuel mixture into each separate combustion chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 5, 2007
    Date of Patent: July 20, 2010
    Inventors: Sumiyuki Nagata, Ryan William Cobb