Abstract: A two-way rotary manifold-selecting valve forming a combustion chamber for an internal combustion engine has a frusto-conical rotor nestingly residing in a housing having a frusto-conical passage communicating with the base of the housing. The housing has a pair of ports through the side, and the rotor has a side passage entering a portion of the slanting side of the rotor and exiting at the base of the rotor. The housing is open at the bottom, and may be affixed co-axially with a cylinder of a piston-type internal combustion engine so that the interior passage within the rotor forms the combustion volume of the cylinder. The small diameter ends of the housing passage and the rotor are disposed at the bottom of the assembly when so installed. A dry-lubricated refractory sealing assembly is emplaced around the rotor and extends outwardly therefrom to engage the inner housing surface, thus holding the rotor at a standoff distance. All wear is thus confined to the seal material and the housing wall.
Abstract: An internal combustion engine having a head with valve assemblies for controlling intake and exhaust gases to and from piston chambers. A head plate is located between the head and a block having cylinders accommodating pistons. The head plate has openings in communication with the cylinders and valve assemblies. Each valve assembly has a continuous ceramic sleeve having an intake port, and an exhaust port. Rotatably disposed within the sleeve is a rotatable valve body having a valving combustion chamber open to a piston chamber. A spark plug is mounted on each valve body. A ceramic segment seal mounted on the valving body has sealing surfaces engageable with the sleeve. A face seal is located between the head plate and the rotating valve body. The valving body and seal are rotatably driven to sequentially align the valving combustion chamber with the intake port and exhaust port during the operation of the engine.
Abstract: A spherical rotary valve assembly for an internal combustion engine of the piston and cylinder type wherein the spherical rotary valve assembly is positioned within a split cylinder head having an upper and lower section, such when secured defines a cavity for a rotational shaft having mounted thereon, an intake drum and exhaust drum for each cylinder, the lower half of the split head cylinder head having positioned therein, the inlet port and outlet port for the cylinder, the split cylinder head having an intake passageway and an exhaust passageway in communication with the drum cavities in the split cylinder head, the rotation of the respective intake drum and exhaust drum within their respective cavities interrupting the respective flow of the fuel air mixture or the exhaust gases to or from the cylinder by means of passageways within the drums, the drums rotating within the cavities in a gas tight sealing rotation on an annular sealing means axially positioned about the inlet port and outlet port in the l