Horizontal Body Patents (Class 126/60)
  • Patent number: 11326782
    Abstract: A heating appliance (1) comprises a main body (2) having a fire-box (9) with an opening (10) for placing combustible fuel (11) therein with which the heating appliance (1) is used. The heating appliance (1) has a fire door (3) for closing the opening (10), and a movable baffle (4). The baffle (4) is placable in a first position in which it is disposed in a front part of the fire-box (9), it is behind the fire door (3), and it forms a shield for the combustible fuel (11).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 25, 2017
    Date of Patent: May 10, 2022
    Inventor: Samuel Haydn Andrew Thomas
  • Patent number: 11079114
    Abstract: A single burn rate woodstove provides primary combustion air and secondary combustion air to a combustion chamber of the woodstove. The woodstove includes a primary air inlet, a primary air outlet into the combustion chamber, and a secondary air outlet into the combustion chamber. Some embodiments of the inventions include secondary air inlet(s) for the secondary combustion air separate from the primary air inlet. Some embodiments of the invention include the same firebox sizes as known in the prior art while providing such inexpensive single burn rate woodstoves with improved emissions performance by using both primary and secondary combustion air.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 16, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 3, 2021
    Assignee: United States Stove Company
    Inventor: Brandon Lane Barry
  • Publication number: 20140338585
    Abstract: A fire pit for use on water crafts, particularly pontoon and house boats. In certain embodiments, the fire pits are floor mounted units affixed within the deck of the boat and in other embodiments, the fire pits are table mounted units. In each embodiment, the fire pits include a base tray and a removable top cover. Each embodiment of the fire pit may also employ conventional fuel regulators to control the fires and conventional electric ignitors to safely and conveniently start the fires in the fire pits.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 16, 2014
    Publication date: November 20, 2014
    Applicant: Leisure Activists, Inc.
    Inventors: James C. McBride, Robby L. Drake
  • Patent number: 8646441
    Abstract: The invention relates to a fume box having a separation partition (16) in the upper portion thereof that comprises a removable catalyst block (17) offset relative to the inlet (10) and the outlet (8), and an intake passage that can be blocked by at least one insulating block. Deflectors slow down the gases and fumes and protect the catalyst block against falling soot and particle. The invention is particularly intended for manufacturers of domestic combustion heating appliances, in particular those using wood.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 11, 2014
    Inventors: Frederic Haas, Fabien Ozil, Gwennaelle Trouve, Valerie Tschamber
  • Publication number: 20110168153
    Abstract: A method for operating a wood fired appliance, in one aspect, generally includes automatically moving a baffle to a lowered closed position from the raised open position in response to a top loading door being moved to a closed position to close the opening in a top wall. The baffle may also be automatically inhibited from being maintained in the raised opened position when the top loading door is disposed in the closed position. For example, a cam may be tripped or activated by lowering of the top loading door to cause the baffle to rotate about an axis and fall under the force of gravity to the lowered closed position, and the cam may inhibit the baffle from being raised when the top loading door is closed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 11, 2010
    Publication date: July 14, 2011
    Inventors: Roger W. PURINTON, Shane L. SPENCER, Anthony LABELLE
  • Patent number: 7637258
    Abstract: An open “funnel shaped” Inner Burner inside an open top Outer Casing. The casings closed base has a central hole accommodating the burners small open bottom Ash Exit. The space between the Inner Burner wall and Outer Casing wall forms an Annular Air Plenum that's supplied by an electric variable speed blower. Air enters the Burner Combustion space through perforations in the Burner/Plenum wall. This ensures rapid ignition and controls combustion rate (Temp). This also precipitates ash from burner Ash Exit, through the Ash Chute and into Storage Container fitted to outer casings base. A Radial diffuser centered on the heating surface provides a variable speed Lateral Air Sheet between heating and grill surfaces, instantly blowing “Smoke and Flare-Ups” to the outer burner perimeter. Unit is designed as a “Drop-In” unit to fit a manufacturer BBQ cart suitably equipped to specify basic installation requirements.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 29, 2007
    Date of Patent: December 29, 2009
    Inventor: Barry Cosgrove
  • Patent number: 7600998
    Abstract: An elongated generally cylindrical shell of a portable gas forced air unit is provided with a roll cage for protection. A pair of end caps located at each proximate end of the shell are connected by a plurality of roll cage bars extending parallel with the combustion chamber, whereby, the combination of end caps and roll cage bars serve to protect the concentric shell and its internal combustion chamber from damage. The end caps include a plurality of end bumps dimensioned and located to protect the outer extent of the portable unit while being oriented in substantially vertical or horizontal positions, and serve to support the portable unit when in a vertical position on a surface. The portable gas forced air unit is also adapted to be releasably interconnected with similar units.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 30, 2007
    Date of Patent: October 13, 2009
    Inventors: Eric Pitchford, Henry Haley, Craig Higginbotham, Griffin Bland
  • Patent number: 6769424
    Abstract: A heater for burning fuel having a hollow enclosure with an air inlet, and a combustion gas outlet. The enclosure has an exterior heat exchange wall preferably directly exposed to ambient air and an interior surface defining a combustion chamber. The enclosure has a body with front and rear openings into which are fitted a front panel and a rear panel defining joints therebetween. The interior surface of the enclosure is coated and joints are sealed with heat resistant anti-oxidant material, for example: porcelain enamel, having a co-efficient of thermal expansion not substantially greater than the co-efficient of thermal expansion of the enclosure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 3, 2003
    Date of Patent: August 3, 2004
    Inventor: Charles James Perrault
  • Patent number: 6546926
    Abstract: A wood burning stove in the shape of a barrel having both primary and secondary air inlets for supplying clean combustion. Primary air is fed into the stove from above the door. Secondary air is fed into a heating duct which extends along the bottom of the stove to be preheated. The heating duct empties the preheated air into a plenum formed in the end of the stove remote from the door. Air admitted to the plenum is additionally heated by exposure to a series of heat transfer fins within the plenum. The shape of the plenum is such that the velocity of air in the central portion of the plenum is the slowest, allowing for efficient heat transfer from the plenum walls and fins to the air passing through. A baffle mounted in the stove above the fire shields the fire from the exhaust outlet. Secondary air is admitted into the interior of the stove from the plenum from a first set of ports near the top of the plenum.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 21, 2001
    Date of Patent: April 15, 2003
    Inventor: Charles Perrault
  • Patent number: 6383456
    Abstract: An apparatus and method of fractionating mixed triglycerides, more particularly anhydrous milk fat, are disclosed. The apparatus and method provide for the separation of the steps of nucleation and crystal growth. Precise control of energy input for nucleation and crystal growth in a static environment at higher temperatures than the nucleation temperature result in the production of a solid fraction characterized by higher yields and a uniform MMT.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 20, 2000
    Date of Patent: May 7, 2002
    Assignee: Wiconsin Alumni Research Foundation
    Inventors: Richard W. Hartel, Liang Baomin, Shi Yuping
  • Publication number: 20010037803
    Abstract: A heating stove which is constructed from a generally cylindrical hollow container having a concave or convex rearward end, a baffle plate, a front facing end including a door, an extended ashtray, an air intake mounted on the door, a base and a flue mounted on the top. The entire casing is glass lined and is preferably made from discarded or recycled hot water tanks although other containment shapes may be successfully utilized. The base consists of legs attached to the bottom of the stove, with two legs supporting the front and in the back. From an ecological point of view it would be desirable to recycle used or discarded hot water tanks for a useful purpose such as modifying the tanks into wood burning stoves, thereby reducing the environmental contamination and creating an inexpensive low maintenance heating device.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 30, 2001
    Publication date: November 8, 2001
    Inventor: Charles Perrault
  • Patent number: 6209535
    Abstract: A heating apparatus comprises a combustion chamber, formed of an assembly having a rear wall, two lateral walls, an upper wall and a lower wall. The combustion chamber has at least one outlet for flue gases. The walls forming said combustion chamber are configured to have standard dimensions so that the heating apparatus is configurable to operate with a variety of fuels including solid fuels, liquid fuels and gas fuels.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 28, 1998
    Date of Patent: April 3, 2001
    Assignee: Thermic Investments
    Inventor: Raymond Champion
  • Patent number: 6123064
    Abstract: A heating system has a modular section which can be converted to use as a store or boiler and to burn either solid or liquid and gaseous fuels. The system can be further expanded by addition of more than one module to increase the heating capacity of the system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 18, 1998
    Date of Patent: September 26, 2000
    Inventor: Patrice Jacquet
  • Patent number: 5913273
    Abstract: A waste incinerator including separate burning-, blower-, chimney- and ash-receiving chambers. A suction-discharge port is provided in a wall between the burning chamber and the chimney chamber for discharging gases from the burning chamber through a chimney to the atmosphere. The chimney extends from the chimney chamber for discharging gases to the atmosphere. The chimney receives an air feed pipe from the blower and an ignition sleeve extends into the chimney for burning unconsumed waste gas. A vibrator vibrates an ash receiver in the ash receiving chamber, and a drying chamber may be provided for drying high moisture garbage by combustion gases from the burning chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 24, 1997
    Date of Patent: June 22, 1999
    Assignee: Maejima Kogyosho Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Takashi Maejima
  • Patent number: 5657742
    Abstract: A heating appliance has a firebox and an ash chamber. A primary preheating chamber is located beneath the ash chamber. The preheating chamber is U-shaped in cross section and raised portions or arms extend upwardly and define opposite sides of the ash chamber. The upper flat surfaces of the arms serve as mounting blocks to support a grate above the ash chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 23, 1995
    Date of Patent: August 19, 1997
    Inventor: Jonathan Greenall
  • Patent number: 5469836
    Abstract: A stove (1) comprises a fire-box (4), and an ash-chamber (5) separated by a grate (19). Air intake means (21,23) is provided beneath the ash-chamber. Air supply means (30) connected to the air intake means extends vertically past the ash-chamber and the fire-box to an upper region of the fire-box. Air delivery means (27) provides communication between the air supply means and the fire-box. In use fuel burning inside the fire-box causes external air to be drawn into the air intake means, through the air supply means and through the air delivery means to a region above fuel in the fire-box. External air is pre-heated by passing underneath the ash-chamber and past the ash-chamber and the fire-box during its passage into the fire-box. Turbulence caused by an interaction between pre-heated air entering the fire-box and heated air already present causes smoky combusted air (F) to be pushed away from a dose (35) at the front of the fire-box.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 24, 1993
    Date of Patent: November 28, 1995
    Inventor: Jonathan Greenall
  • Patent number: 5139008
    Abstract: A solid fuel burning stove of the present invention includes an internal combustion chamber, a primary air feed to the combustion chamber and a heat exchanger above and providing a secondary heated air feed to the combustion chamber. This secondary air feed raises burning temperatures and reduces pollutants from the exhaust of the stove. The heat exchanger itself has a horizontally layered substantially closed box-like construction including a heated gas outflow layer fed by the hot exhaust gases from the combustion chamber, at least one secondary air inflow layer into which secondary air is drawn from outside of the stove, a heat exchange wall between and isolating the gas outflow layer from the secondary air inflow layer and an air feed from the secondary air flow layer to the combustion chamber. The heat exchanger further includes an exhaust stack receiving opening for fitting an exhaust stack with the gas outflow layer without penetrating the secondary air inflow layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 19, 1991
    Date of Patent: August 18, 1992
    Assignee: Reverso Manufacturing Ltd.
    Inventor: Bruno Timpano
  • Patent number: 5005555
    Abstract: A wood burning apparatus capable of burning 5 kg per hour of wood or more with the combustion products exiting the apparatus through a collar which is fastened to the wood burning apparatus. A rotatable shaft passes through the collar and has a damper plate welded thereto within the collar. The damper plate has a pattern of apertures therein which will allow the passage of the combustion products when the damper plate is in the closed position, that is, in a position normal to the flow of combustion products through the collar. The collar and rotatable damper are also disclosed herein.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 23, 1990
    Date of Patent: April 9, 1991
    Inventor: Steven J. Vogelzang
  • Patent number: 4941451
    Abstract: A heater for the burning of wood or other similar fuels in a fire box. The fire box has a door at the front, there being a primary air inlet to the fire box above the door. The fire box also has a secondary air inlet at the rear and a tertiary inlet at the top. The heater has a double skin so that all air for the secondary and tertiary inlets passes between the two skins so that it is pre-heated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 8, 1989
    Date of Patent: July 17, 1990
    Inventor: Richard J. Gilham
  • Patent number: 4827900
    Abstract: A stove has a combustion chamber with front and rear ends. Fuel is fed into the front end and a chimney exhausts the products of combustion from the rear end. A multiplicity of tubes are external to, and parallel to the combustion chamber. Each tube is connected between the front and rear ends of the combustion chamber so that some part of the products of combustion flows through the tube and thus improves its heat dissipation as compared to the heat dissipation of a simple fin. A baffle may be inserted between the front and rear ends of the combustion chamber to increase the flow of combustion products through the tubes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 1985
    Date of Patent: May 9, 1989
    Inventor: Lester K. Bonner
  • Patent number: 4777928
    Abstract: A self-contained, free standing, on-demand, woodburning furnace including a firebox (52), including means to force combustion gases through a manifold (68), a hot air gathering plenum and means to selectively force feed the fire (34, 36, 38, 40, 68) and draw heated air from the furnace (8, 10, 12, 14).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 8, 1987
    Date of Patent: October 18, 1988
    Inventor: Robert Ellis
  • Patent number: 4766876
    Abstract: A wood stove is described having a firebox with a baffle mounted therein that extends forward from a rear wall terminating in a forward edge spaced from a front wall. The wood stove has a front opening with a door thereon that includes a window enabling visual observation of the fire in the fuel combustion chamber. Air is emitted into the front wall and is directed downward in a thin laminar flow over the glass to wash the glass and to create a flow of air and gases downward along the front wall, rearward along the bottom wall, upward along the back wall and forward along the baffle in somewhat of a circular flow. The firebox is mounted on a pedestal with a primary air supply means drawing air through the hollow pedestal to an intake within the hollow pedestal for directing air through a channel to the back wall. The back wall includes a diffuser plate for directing air into the fuel combustion chamber to wash the fuel from the rear to assist in primary combustion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 24, 1987
    Date of Patent: August 30, 1988
    Assignee: Aladdin Steel Products, Inc.
    Inventors: Daniel S. Henry, G. Michael Hoteling
  • Patent number: 4643165
    Abstract: A firebox for a wood stove provides primary, secondary, and tertiary supplies of combustion air to the firebox. The primary supply of air enters from the front of the firebox and establishes a combustion flow downwardly to the fire. Smoke containing particulates and gases then rises from the fire to a flue opening through the top of the firebox. The secondary supply of air is added to the flow of smoke as it rises to combust particulates and gases in the smoke. The tertiary supply of air is then added to the flow of smoke in surrounding relationship to the smoke flow as it passes through a restriction opening, further combusting the smoke. The primary, secondary, and tertiary supplies of air enter the firebox through primary, secondary, and tertiary inlet ports, the cross-sectional areas of the ports being in the ratio of 2 to 1 to 1 to regulate the flow of air inward. The secondary and tertiary air supplies are preheated before being added to the combustion flow.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 26, 1986
    Date of Patent: February 17, 1987
    Inventor: Joseph G. Chamberlain
  • Patent number: 4611572
    Abstract: A low emission stove includes a firebox divided by an inverted baffle into a large lower primary combustion chamber, in which the solid fuel is placed, and a substantially smaller upper secondary combustion chamber. A restrictive vertical passage formed between a sidewall of the firebox and a downturned free end portion of the baffle connects the two chambers to convey combustion products produced in the lower chamber to the upper chamber before exiting from the stove. The air for the primary combustion in the lower chamber is drawn from beneath the firebox and directed upward to the firebox. The air enters the primary chamber through air inlets on multiple sides of the primary chamber, both at the fuel level and substantially above the fuel level. The combustion products produced are temporarily trapped within the primary chamber by the downturned free end portion of the baffles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 31, 1984
    Date of Patent: September 16, 1986
    Inventor: Donald S. Martenson
  • Patent number: 4510917
    Abstract: A downdraft furnace comprises a combustion component associated with a heat exchange component. The combustion component includes a fuel chamber, a primary combustion chamber and a secondary combustion chamber operatively interconnected by a constricting throat opening. Log support structure is provided to carry split logs and at an angle of approximately thirty degrees from the horizontal. The support structure and the logs define a primary air flow passage directed toward the throat opening through which primary air flow is directed at the bottom portions of the fuel segments. The inlet includes closure means to restrict and vertically vary slightly the path of primary air flow. Passage means are provided to introduce secondary air directly at the throat opening. The inlet includes closure means to restrict and vertically slightly vary the path of primary air flow.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 18, 1984
    Date of Patent: April 16, 1985
    Inventor: Paul Runquist
  • Patent number: 4480630
    Abstract: A jacketed wood burning stove of the type having an inner firebox door and an outer jacket door in front of the firebox door and wherein a flash inhibitor is provided consisting of a relatively small auxiliary firebox door which is manually biased open but is held closed by an engaging bracket on the outer jacket door when the outer jacket door is closed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 1982
    Date of Patent: November 6, 1984
    Assignee: Martin Industries, Inc.
    Inventor: Murray O. Wilhoite
  • Patent number: 4432335
    Abstract: A stove apparatus which is designed to achieve relatively complete combustion of solid fuel such as wood or coal. A combustion chamber is defined by a connected wall housing and includes a primary flue opening at an upper rear portion thereof. Primary combustion air enters into the forward portion of the combustion chamber and the resultant combustion gases are deflected from normally passing to the chimney via the primary exit flue by means of a downwardly extending baffle which creates an increased temperature exit zone adjacent thereto. A device for introducing secondary combustion directly into said exit zone is provided so as to insure more complete combustion and reduce the amount of tars, i.e., creosote, produced in the combustion process. In addition, an unique device for regulating the amount and the combustion chamber is provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 1981
    Date of Patent: February 21, 1984
    Inventor: Peter Kilham
  • Patent number: 4430986
    Abstract: In a fuel burning stove having a heating chamber positioned above a firebox and covering a rear discharge opening as well as a major portion of the firebox upper wall, a vertical exhaust path is established between the discharge opening and the flue. A sliding baffle plate located in the heating chamber is manually controlled by a handle and externally mounted connecting link mechanism to selectively establish the vertical exhaust path or a tortuous exhaust passage. The tortuous passage is S-shaped causing hot gases to circulate through the heating chamber to increase the amount of heat radiated into the surrounding air. A forward damper responsive to movement of the baffle exposes a forward discharge opening when the vertical exhaust path is open to directly exhaust smoke from the forward region of the firebox prior to opening of the stove door to add fuel. The handle retains the door closed when the vertical exhaust path is closed by the baffle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 19, 1982
    Date of Patent: February 14, 1984
    Inventor: Jon C. Thalis
  • Patent number: 4426991
    Abstract: A stove firebox has a longitudinal opening in its bottom wall in which is supported upper and lower grates. The lower grate is slidable relative to the upper grate. Each grate has longitudinally spaced cross bars, and such cross bars and the openings therebetween have the same longitudinal dimension whereby upon offsetting the cross bars of the two grates longitudinally, an imperforate floor is provided and upon alignment of the cross bars, vertical passages are formed to sift ashes downward for cleaning the firebox. The slidable grate can be reciprocated to provide the sifting step. An interior draft inlet is provided at the bottom of the firebox adjacent the front.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 13, 1981
    Date of Patent: January 24, 1984
    Inventor: Robert L. Stevenson
  • Patent number: 4394857
    Abstract: An insert for a stove permits efficient burning of either coal or wood and includes a movable grate. Granular material is located around the insert for modulating the heat transferred to the stove walls from a fire on the grate. Bumps project upwardly from the grate to facilitate jostling of coal to remove ash from that coal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 28, 1981
    Date of Patent: July 26, 1983
    Inventor: Samuel J. Iannone
  • Patent number: 4338913
    Abstract: A solid fuel burning stove (10) includes a firebox (11) having an insulated bottom chamber in which fuel is burned. The bottom chamber includes an insulated bottom surface (72) and walls (18, 20, 22, 24) which provides for heat retention when fuel is burned therein thereby creating high temperatures. The bottom chamber of the firebox (11) is divided from a top chamber by a horizontally extending baffle (46) which directs flow of exhaust gases from the bottom to the top of the firebox (11). The exhaust gases are burned in the top portion of the firebox (11) by means of the heat generated within the lower chamber and the introduction of fresh combustion air. This fresh combustion air is drawn in through an orificed pipe (49) extending along the length of the firebox.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 17, 1980
    Date of Patent: July 13, 1982
    Inventor: Lewis D. Good
  • Patent number: 4326495
    Abstract: A stove for burning solid fuels such as wood and coal with improved efficiency has three generally distinct combustion zones namely a primary zone, a secondary zone and a tertiary zone, thus ensuring fuller combustion of residual combustible gases in the tertiary zone just after the primary flue exit. The novel tertiary zone is situated only at the lower portion of the base of the flue gas exit chamber, is encased by firebrick and is fed only with combustible gases from the primary zone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 30, 1980
    Date of Patent: April 27, 1982
    Inventor: John D. Millar
  • Patent number: 4319555
    Abstract: A solid fuel burner having a housing with runners mounted inside its sidewalls and vertical rods passing upwardly through the runners which support two frames each having a shaker-grid opening therethrough with a shaker grid rockably supported therein, the shaker grids being capable of separate shaking so that one grid can support a coal fire and the other support a wood fire, and the frames having air slots therethrough offset from the grid openings with plugs for selectively closing them, and sideliner plates restable on the frames and leaning outwardly against the vertical rods between the grids and the sidewalls.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 24, 1980
    Date of Patent: March 16, 1982
    Inventor: Morton A. Melvin
  • Patent number: 4295459
    Abstract: A stove comprising an elongated fuel chamber having a door at one end, a chimney communicating with the chamber at a position in close proximity to said door-end in upper surface, an air inlet opening in upper surface of said fuel chamber at a point in close proximity to the other end and a slidable spatulate member adjacent to said air inlet opening for varying the area of said opening.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 23, 1979
    Date of Patent: October 20, 1981
    Assignee: Benedictine Monks Inc.
    Inventor: Charles B. Reedy
  • Patent number: 4279237
    Abstract: The specification describes a stove which is convertible to a fireplace. The stove has a swingable mounted front door which closes the combustion chamber. The door has a primary and secondary pre-heating air passages both of which introduce a stream of pre-heated air to the appropriate regions of the combustion chamber. A slidable baffle system located in the chamber provides a wide range of fuel drafting arrangements. The stove further has a fire screen mounted on the front and which swings from the side opposite the door to conveniently accommodate conversion from closed combustion to a fireplace mode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 11, 1978
    Date of Patent: July 21, 1981
    Inventor: Robert D. dePencier
  • Patent number: 4274393
    Abstract: A new fireplace assembly is provided which is inserted into a conventional fireplace and which is capable of greatly increasing the burning efficiency and heat output over conventional units, decreasing the waste heat lost and at the same time providing a unit which is as pleasing from an aesthetic standpoint as a conventional fireplace. The assembly of this invention includes a firebox in which combustion is maintained and mounted on the hearth of a fireplace, the firebox having doors in the front thereof opening into the combustion chamber, the doors having adjustable draft means therein to control the amount of air introduced to support combustion, a smoke outlet box mounted on the rear of the firebox and extending into the fireplace opening, the firebox having controllable damper means for conveying smoke from combustion to and up the chimney of the fireplace. The opening into the smoke outlet box is at least partially covered by a spark shield.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 20, 1979
    Date of Patent: June 23, 1981
    Assignee: R. Scaran, Inc.
    Inventor: Robert T. Scaran
  • Patent number: 4267817
    Abstract: A wood stove is of all welded steel plate construction except for the door which is of heavy cast iron. When the door is closed, the only source of combustion air is through an adjustable air inlet on the face of the door. The door is hollow and serves to preheat the incoming air. The inner wall of the door divides the incoming air into lower and upper, primary and secondary, respectively, combustion air flows. The stove has an internal upper baffle running from rear to front which helps to promote air flow and combustion efficiency and to knock out entrained matter from the products of combustion. The flue connection is in the rear of the stove above the baffle and is stepped into the back of the stove to allow the stove to be fitted against a wall.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 23, 1978
    Date of Patent: May 19, 1981
    Assignee: Gerald D. Jolicoeur
    Inventors: Arthur W. Hicks, Gerald D. Jolicoeur
  • Patent number: 4263885
    Abstract: The stove is of the cylindrical firechamber-type having a side loading door for loading wood or other combustible material such as coke or coal into the chamber. The front of the stove chamber may be opened to enable viewing of the wood burning in the stove by means of an arcuate sliding door that is operable to substantially totally close the chamber or open a section of the front thereof for viewing purposes. The sliding door is covered by a shield (window) construction including a tempered glass face. The stove is provided with an open base for supporting the chamber and a shroud covering the top and back of the chamber and preferably having blower means associated therewith. The drafting of the chamber is provided by a side door draft and a top draft extending longitudinally of the chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 5, 1979
    Date of Patent: April 28, 1981
    Inventors: Gordon A. Gillis, Richard D. Lucier
  • Patent number: 4258692
    Abstract: A solid fuel stove is disclosed having a hinged door adapted for loading of aggregate solid fuel in the form of lumps or chunks, such as coal, and a second hinged door located at the side or end of the stove, adapted for loading of elongated sections of long solid fuel, such as sections of wood. The stove further includes a third hinged door for cleaning out ashes, and a scoop-shaped baffle for restricting the flow of flue gases and diversion of unburned gases back into the combustion zone. Cast iron liners confine the burning area and protect the stove walls, and oval collar sections connect the upper back section of the stove with a conventional smoke pipe for exhausting the products of combustion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 30, 1979
    Date of Patent: March 31, 1981
    Assignee: Washington Stove Works
    Inventor: Ralph E. Mackey
  • Patent number: 4230091
    Abstract: A stove having walls which are shaped and supported to prevent warping thereof. A combustion chamber in the stove is defined by bottom and side walls positioned and oriented to maximize the space available for such a chamber. The walls of the combustion chamber have top caps thereon for ensuring and maintaining the proper positioning of those walls. Further holding elements are included in the stove to maintain the combustion chamber walls in position. An alternative embodiment of the stove includes front opening access doors.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 23, 1978
    Date of Patent: October 28, 1980
    Assignee: Carmor Manufacturing Ltd.
    Inventors: Kenneth E. Judge, Jerald D. Hayter
  • Patent number: 4215668
    Abstract: A free standing stove having excellent thermal emission and fuel combustion characteristics comprising front, back, base, top and side plates of high strength, heat transmitting metal defining a main body of the stove. The interior of the main body of the stove is provided with a horizontal baffle plate disposed between top and base plates to divide the stove into a lower fuel-receiving and heating compartment and an upper heating compartment. The two compartments communicate by a passageway adjacent a side plate of the stove, and the side plate is provided with an access opening and door to permit insertion of fuel into the lower fuel-receiving compartment. The access door is provided with upper and lower dampers which may be adjusted to circulate air across the stove to retard the movement of combustion gases and by-products through the passageway communicating the upper and lower compartments, and to provide oxygen for combustion of the fuel in the upper and lower compartments, respectively.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 15, 1977
    Date of Patent: August 5, 1980
    Inventors: Brooks H. Holcombe, Homer E. Elwood
  • Patent number: 4207860
    Abstract: A wood and coal fired heating unit, comprising a magazine wherein is incorporated a preheating draft manifold, supplying all primary and secondary drafts to the combustion zone and secondary combustion chamber. Within the fuel combustion chamber a baffle, the same comprising a wall between said combustion zone and said secondary combustion chamber. The secondary combustion chamber is housed within the heater fuel combustion chamber for maximum temperature operation for completing the combustion of the unburned volatile gases leaving the primary combustion zone. With indirect primary draft in the primary combustion zone, in combination with the secondary combustion system, the invention being capable of sufficient combustion of the fuels considerably retarding formation of creosote.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 25, 1978
    Date of Patent: June 17, 1980
    Inventor: Andrew J. Schrock
  • Patent number: 4196713
    Abstract: A fuel burning heater has a lower combustion chamber with a door at the front thereof and an upper heating chamber with a discharge port for products of combustion at the rear thereof. A common wall between the heating chamber and a portion of the combustion chamber defines a bottom for the heating chamber and at least a portion of a top for the combustion chamber. A discharge passageway through the common wall conveys products of combustion into the heating chamber with means directing at least a portion of the products of combustion toward the front of the heating chamber. Draft regulators in the lower portion of the door introduce controlled amounts of combustion air for fast burning and other draft regulators in the upper portion of the door introduce controlled amounts of combustion air for slow burning.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 6, 1978
    Date of Patent: April 8, 1980
    Assignee: Atlanta Stove Works, Inc.
    Inventors: Jack D. Blankenship, Clarence R. Smith
  • Patent number: 4192285
    Abstract: A fuel burning stove for holding and burning fuel to heat the surrounding atmosphere in a room where the stove is employed. The stove includes a fire box which supports the fuel and where the combustion is sustained. An air inlet is provided to the fire box allowing the inflow of air for combustion with the fuel. The air is preheated upon entry into the fire box for mixture with volatiles formed by the burning fuel directed toward the entering air by a baffle means to effect a secondary combustion. In addition, a movable damper cooperates with the baffle to direct volatiles toward the incoming heated air when the damper is in the closed position and to provide a more direct path to the chimney when in the open position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 1977
    Date of Patent: March 11, 1980
    Assignee: Valco Corporation
    Inventor: Val J. Nietupski
  • Patent number: 4181116
    Abstract: A wood-burning stove has a vertically corrugated surrounding wall, the vertical corrugations having an outer side in direct contact with the atmosphere and an inner side directly contactable by the wood fuel. The corrugated wall has air inlets which can be controlled by adjustable dampers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 18, 1978
    Date of Patent: January 1, 1980
    Inventor: Ernest Sedore
  • Patent number: 4171693
    Abstract: A high efficiency furnace is provided for a forced air heating system having a furnace housing which is open at its lower end to cold air return means for the heating system and is open near its top to hot air exhaust means for the heating system. The furnace includes a burner housing contained within the furnace housing and adapted to receive and to burn a combustible fuel. A heat exchanger housing is positioned on top of the burner housing and the interiors of the burner and heat exchanger housings communicate with each other by means of a pipe. An exhaust means is provided for exhausting combustion products from the interior of the heat exchanger housing and comprises a substantially horizontal tube extending through the interior of the heat exchanger housing. The tube is open at one end to a flue outside the furnace housing and at the other end includes an opening open to the interior of the heat exchanger housing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 24, 1977
    Date of Patent: October 23, 1979
    Inventor: Laverne E. Pearson
  • Patent number: 4163440
    Abstract: A radiant heater for burning firewood and the like to heat a living space such as a mobile home or house including an enclosure with a combustion compartment for the burning of the firewood placed in the combustion compartment, a flue pipe positioned outside the living space, an exhaust pipe extending through a wall of the living space and connecting the combustion compartment with the flue pipe, an outside air inlet having an opening to the outside wall surrounding the portion of the exhaust pipe extending through the wall to permit the exterior air coming through the inlet to cool the exhaust pipe and prevent overheating of the wall adjacent the exhaust pipe, an air passageway connecting the air inlet compartment with the combustion chamber, a thermostatically controlled damper in the passageway to control the rate of flow of air to the combustion compartment to achieve a desired heat output thereby providing a thermostatically controlled wood burning radiant heater which utilizes only outside air and autom
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 11, 1977
    Date of Patent: August 7, 1979
    Assignee: Suburban Manufacturing Company
    Inventor: Hubert F. Stultz
  • Patent number: 4154211
    Abstract: A log-burning stove which contains a full refractory firebox, the stove designed to permit the easy insertion of large, economical, wood logs, particularly green logs, which stove comprises a shell defining a combustion chamber, the combustion chamber fully lined with refractory material, and having an entrance and a full-length loading door adapted to permit the easy introduction of logs into the combustion chamber, the door adapted to move between a closed, upright, sealed position and an open supporting position extending generally laterally from the lower portion of the entrance opening, the door containing roller means on the internal surface thereof which provides for the lateral movement of a large log thereon which permits the positioning of the log adjacent the center of the entrance, whereby, after said positioning of the log adjacent the opening, the log may be moved inwardly through the entrance and into the combustion chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 20, 1978
    Date of Patent: May 15, 1979
    Assignee: Hydraform Products Corp.
    Inventor: James R. Choate
  • Patent number: 4131104
    Abstract: A log-burning stove which contains a full refractory firebox, the stove designed to permit the easy insertion of large, economical, wood logs, particularly green logs, which stove comprises a shell defining a combustion chamber, the combustion chamber fully lined with refractory material, and having an entrance and a full-length loading door adapted to permit the easy introduction of logs into the combustion chamber, the door adapted to move between a closed, upright, sealed position and an open supporting position extending generally laterally from the lower portion of the entrance opening, the door containing roller means on the internal surface thereof which provides for the lateral movement of a large log thereon which permits the positioning of the log adjacent the center of the entrance, whereby, after said positioning of the log adjacent the opening, the log may be moved inwardly through the entrance and into the combustion chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 21, 1977
    Date of Patent: December 26, 1978
    Assignee: Hydraform Products Corp.
    Inventor: James R. Choate
  • Patent number: 4076009
    Abstract: A generally cylindrical casing is hollow, and is supported by a base so that the axis of the casing is horizontal. A vertical partition divides the casing into a fire chamber and a smaller exhaust chamber. The smaller chamber is vented to the outside atmosphere by a chimney. The partition does not completely isolate the chambers, but enables them to be interconnected through a small gap at its bottom. Extending rearwardly along the curved portion of the casing are two oppositely disposed parallel horizontal elongated air intake slits at the level of the bottom of the partition. The major portion of the section of the casing that surround the fire chamber is of glass. The base can have a horizontal hollow half cylindrical shell at its top which supports the casing and a vertical hollow intake duct extending from a bottom opening in the base to the slits to feed air thereto.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 21, 1976
    Date of Patent: February 28, 1978
    Assignee: The Raymond Lee Organization, Inc.
    Inventor: Harold W. Hannebaum