Electric Power Generator Patents (Class 136/205)
  • Patent number: 11330737
    Abstract: A heat sink includes a base and a plurality of fins. A root of the fin is connected to the base. A heated area, a dropping pipe, and a spacing strip between the heated area and the dropping pipe are formed in the fin. A first passage and a second passage are formed between the heated area and the dropping pipe. A hydraulic diameter of a pipeline in the heated area is less than a critical dimension. A hydraulic diameter of a pipeline of the dropping pipe is greater than or equal to the critical dimension, and a pressure of liquid at an intersection of the second passage and the dropping pipe is greater than a pressure of liquid at an intersection of the second passage and the heated area.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 23, 2020
    Date of Patent: May 10, 2022
    Assignee: HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Xiaowei Hui, Yuping Hong, Wei Chen
  • Patent number: 11316090
    Abstract: A thermoelectric generator has a heat conducting body that exchanges heat with the environment according to environmental temperature changes, a heat storing body, and a thermoelectric conversion unit and thermal resistance body arranged between the heat conducting body and the heat storing body. One end of the thermal resistance body and one end of the thermoelectric conversion unit are in contact with each other. The other end of the thermal resistance body is in contact with the heat conducting body, and the other end of the thermoelectric conversion unit is in contact with the heat storing body. The surface of the heat storing body is covered by a covering layer having certain heat insulation properties. The temperature difference generated between the heat conducting body and the heat storing body is utilized to extract electric energy from the thermoelectric conversion unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2020
    Date of Patent: April 26, 2022
    Inventor: Tadashi Nakanuma
  • Patent number: 11296271
    Abstract: The present disclosure is directed to materials, devices, and methods for resonant ambient thermal energy harvesting. Thermal energy can be harvested using thermoelectric resonators that capture and store ambient thermal fluctuations and convert the fluctuations to energy. The thermal resonators can include heat engines disposed between masses of varying sizes or diodes. The masses or diodes can be made of high and ultra-high effusivity materials to transfer thermal energy through the resonator and optimize power output. The masses or diodes of the resonator can be tuned to the dominant frequency of the temperature waveform to maximize the amount of energy being converted. The resonators can be added to existing structures to supply or generate power, and, in some embodiments, the structures themselves can be a mass of the thermal resonator. Methods for constructing and/or using such devices are also provided, as are methods for formulating ultra-high effusivity materials.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 31, 2018
    Date of Patent: April 5, 2022
    Assignee: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Michael S. Strano, Anton Lee Cottrill, Sayalee Girish Mahajan, Tianxiang Liu, Volodymyr B. Koman
  • Patent number: 11282998
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are a flexible thermoelectric module cell for a touch sensor, a touch sensor including the same, and a method of manufacturing the flexible thermoelectric module cell for a touch sensor. The flexible thermoelectric module cell is applicable to cells for touch sensors of various designs, without the need for a person to go directly to an industrially dangerous place.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 27, 2020
    Date of Patent: March 22, 2022
    Assignee: KOOKMIN UNIVERSITY INDUSTRY ACADEMY COOPERATION FOUNDATION
    Inventors: Hyun Jung Lee, Jong Chan Baek, Hyun Woo Bark, Jung Hun Oh
  • Patent number: 11227962
    Abstract: Wire-based metallization and stringing techniques for solar cells, and the resulting solar cells, modules, and equipment, are described. In an example, a substrate has a surface. A plurality of N-type and P-type semiconductor regions is disposed in or above the surface of the substrate. A conductive contact structure is disposed on the plurality of N-type and P-type semiconductor regions. The conductive contact structure includes a plurality of conductive wires, each conductive wire of the plurality of conductive wires essentially continuously bonded directly to a corresponding one of the N-type and P-type semiconductor regions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 29, 2019
    Date of Patent: January 18, 2022
    Assignee: SunPower Corporation
    Inventors: Richard Hamilton Sewell, David Aaron Randolph Barkhouse, Douglas Rose, Lewis Abra
  • Patent number: 11170984
    Abstract: A small-gap device system, preferably including two or more electrodes and one or more spacers maintaining a gap between two or more of the electrodes. A spacer for a small-gap device system, preferably including a plurality of legs defining a mesh structure. A method of spacer and/or small-gap device fabrication, preferably including: defining lateral features, depositing spacer material, selectively removing spacer material, separating the spacer from a fabrication substrate, and/or assembling the small-gap device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 24, 2018
    Date of Patent: November 9, 2021
    Assignees: Spark Thermionics, Inc., The Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania
    Inventors: Jared William Schwede, Igor Bargatin, Samuel M. Nicaise, Chen Lin, John Provine
  • Patent number: 11152555
    Abstract: An underwater energy harvesting drone has a primary hull to be submersibly received in ocean water and a plurality of thermoelectric modules, each module of said plurality of thermoelectric modules having a first operational interface in thermal contact with the primary hull. A thermal transfer element is in contact with a second operational interface on the plurality of thermoelectric modules and an electrical power storage device is connected to the plurality of thermoelectric modules. Positioning of the submersible primary hull to create a thermal gradient between the primary hull and the thermal transfer element induces electrical power generation by the thermoelectric modules thereby charging the electrical power storage device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 12, 2018
    Date of Patent: October 19, 2021
    Assignee: The Boeing Company
    Inventor: Nathan D. Hiller
  • Patent number: 11067434
    Abstract: A detector of electromagnetic radiation (RL) is described. The detector comprises: a substrate (1), an oriented polycrystalline layer (2) of thermoelectric material deposited on the top surface (10) of the substrate, first and second electrodes spaced the one from the other and in electrical contact with the oriented polycrystalline layer. The substrate comprises at least one ceramic layer and the oriented polycrystalline layer has a crystal orientation at an angle comprised between 30 degrees and 55 degrees relative to a normal to the top surface of the substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 20, 2018
    Date of Patent: July 20, 2021
    Assignee: LASER POINT S.R.L.
    Inventors: Davide Scorticati, Sergio Pellegrino, Giacomo Crapella
  • Patent number: 11063198
    Abstract: A metal junction thermoelectric device includes at least one thermoelectric element. The thermoelectric element has first and second opposite sides, and a first conductor made from a first metal, and a second conductor made from a second metal. The first and second conductors are electrically interconnected in series, and the first and second conductors are arranged to conduct heat in parallel between the first and second sides. The first metal has a first occupancy state, and the second metal has a second occupancy state that is lower than the first occupancy state. A temperature difference between the first and second sides of the thermoelectric element causes a charge potential due to the difference in occupancy states of the first and second metals. The charge potential generates electrical power.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 5, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 13, 2021
    Assignee: UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AS REPRESENTED BY THE ADMINISTRATOR OF NASA
    Inventors: Sang H. Choi, Hyun Jung Kim, Adam J. Duzik, Cheol Park
  • Patent number: 11031535
    Abstract: A thermoelectric power generation system including a plurality of thermoelectric power generation devices. Each of the thermoelectric power generation devices includes: a heating unit having a heat medium passage in which a heat medium flows; a cooling unit having a cooling liquid passage in which a cooling liquid flows; a thermoelectric element having the heating unit and the cooling unit so as to generate power by utilizing a temperature difference between a condensation temperature of the heat medium and a temperature of the cooling liquid; and a heat transfer pipe communicated with the heat medium passage to form a circulation path in which the heat medium circulates. The heat transfer pipes of the respective thermoelectric power generation devices are arranged in a single flow path in which a high temperature fluid flows. The heat medium passages of the thermoelectric power generation devices are structured to communicate with each other.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 2017
    Date of Patent: June 8, 2021
    Assignee: YANMAR POWER TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Yoshika Hatasako, Jiro Fukudome, Yuichiro Tanaka, Shuichi Nakagawa
  • Patent number: 11031536
    Abstract: A cooling system for thermally conditioning a component which includes a battery and a heat spreader supporting the battery. Multiple thermoelectric devices are bonded to the heat spreader, for example, using solder or braze, which provides improved heat transfer. A cold plate assembly operatively thermally engages the thermoelectric devices.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 8, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 8, 2021
    Assignee: Gentherm Incorporated
    Inventor: Shaun Peter McBride
  • Patent number: 11021162
    Abstract: A system configured to generate electricity based upon a temperature difference between a vehicle occupant and a portion of a vehicle interior is described herein. The system includes a thermoelectric device containing nano-scale metal fibers or carbon nanotubes incorporated into an interior surface of the vehicle. The thermoelectric device has a first side in contact with the vehicle occupant and a second side opposite the first side in contact with the portion of the vehicle interior. The thermoelectric device is configured to supply electrical power to an electrical system of the vehicle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 2019
    Date of Patent: June 1, 2021
    Inventors: Zachary J. Richmond, Evangelia Rubino, Robert J. Seidler
  • Patent number: 11024789
    Abstract: A thin-film based thermoelectric module includes a flexible substrate having a dimensional thickness less than or equal to 25 ?m, and a number of pairs of N-type and P-type thermoelectric legs electrically in contact with one another on the flexible substrate. The thin-film based thermoelectric module also includes a number of conductive interconnects on top of the number of pairs of the N-type and the P-type thermoelectric legs, and an elastomer encapsulating the flexible substrate, the number of pairs of the N-type and the P-type thermoelectric legs and the number of conductive interconnects to render flexibility to the thin-film based thermoelectric module such that an array of equivalent thin-film based thermoelectric modules is completely wrappable and bendable around a system element from which the array is configured to derive thermoelectric power. The thin-film based thermoelectric module is less than or equal to 100 ?m in dimensional thickness.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2019
    Date of Patent: June 1, 2021
    Inventor: Sridhar Kasichainula
  • Patent number: 11024787
    Abstract: A second fluid having a higher temperature than a first fluid, which flows in a duct, flows in contact with outside fins. Opposed regions of each power generation module and the duct apply pressure to and in contact with each other. Opposed regions of each power generation module and a corresponding one of a first outside plate and a second outside plate apply pressure to and in contact with each other. The duct is formed from a material having a thermal expansion coefficient larger than the first outside plate and the second outside plate. Additionally, two power generation modules are not necessarily required, and at least one power generation module is provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 1, 2021
    Assignee: DENSO CORPORATION
    Inventors: Takuya Matsuda, Shinya Kitagawa, Yoshiyuki Okamoto
  • Patent number: 11015509
    Abstract: Systems and apparatus to generate electrical power from aircraft engine heat are described herein. An example aircraft engine described herein includes a gas turbine engine having an engine housing. The engine housing defines a flow path through a combustion chamber and a core exhaust cavity. The example aircraft engine also includes an energy-generating cell coupled to a portion of the engine housing defining the core exhaust cavity. The energy-generating cell is to generate electrical energy from high temperature fluid in the core exhaust cavity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 27, 2019
    Date of Patent: May 25, 2021
    Assignee: The Boeing Company
    Inventors: Andrew L. Armatorio, Richard Loftis
  • Patent number: 10991869
    Abstract: A thermoelectric device includes a thermally conductive first plate and at least one thermoelectric sub-assembly comprises a thermally conductive second plate and a plurality of thermoelectric elements in a region between the first plate and the second plate. The at least one thermoelectric sub-assembly further includes a first material along a first portion of a perimeter of the region and having a first stiffness and a second material along a second portion of the perimeter of the region and having a second stiffness less than the first stiffness.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 5, 2019
    Date of Patent: April 27, 2021
    Assignee: GENTHERM INCORPORATED
    Inventors: Vladimir Jovovic, Eric Poliquin
  • Patent number: 10955174
    Abstract: A thermoelectric module includes a plurality of thermoelectric components, a first electrode and a second electrode. The thermoelectric components have the same type of semiconductor material. The first electrode includes a first parallel connection part and a first serial connection part. The plurality of thermoelectric components is electrically connected to the first parallel connection part and each of the plurality of thermoelectric components is separated from one another. The first serial connection part is configured for being electrically connected to other electrical components. The plurality of thermoelectric components is electrically connected to the second electrode and located between the first parallel connection part and the second electrode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 2, 2020
    Date of Patent: March 23, 2021
    Assignee: INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH INSTITUTE
    Inventors: Yu-Li Lin, Yi-Ray Chen, Bo-Yi Sung
  • Patent number: 10950776
    Abstract: A thermoelectric power generation device including: a heating unit having a heat medium passage in which a heat medium flows, a cooling unit having a cooling liquid passage in which a cooling liquid flows, a thermoelectric element having the heating unit on one side and the cooling unit on another side, the thermoelectric element configured to generate power by utilizing a temperature difference between a condensation temperature of the heat medium that undergoes latent heat transfer in the heat medium passage and a temperature of the cooling liquid; and the thermoelectric power generation device further including a heat medium adjusting unit configured to adjust the pressure or the temperature of the heat medium.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 2017
    Date of Patent: March 16, 2021
    Assignee: YANMAR POWER TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Yoshika Hatasako, Jiro Fukudome, Yuichiro Tanaka, Shuichi Nakagawa
  • Patent number: 10944037
    Abstract: This invention relates to a thermoelectric material constituted of nanostructures and a thermoelectric element and an optical sensor including the same, as well as to a method for manufacturing a thermoelectric material constituted of nanostructures. An object of the present disclosure is to achieve better thermoelectric characteristics of the thermoelectric material containing nanoparticles. The thermoelectric material includes a first material having a band gap and a second material different from the first material. The thermoelectric material contains a plurality of nanoparticles distributed in a base material which is a mixture of the first material and the second material. A composition of the second material in the thermoelectric material is not lower than 0.01 atomic % and not higher than 2.0 atomic % of the thermoelectric material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 1, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 9, 2021
    Assignee: SUMITOMO ELECTRIC INDUSTRIES, LTD.
    Inventors: Masahiro Adachi, Takashi Matsuura
  • Patent number: 10910962
    Abstract: A power generation system includes a plurality of energy conversion devices for generating a plurality of power signals based on one or more sensed environmental conditions. The system further includes a plurality of power conditioning circuits each coupled to one or more of the energy conversion devices for receiving the power signals and storing energy in an energy storage system. The system also includes a selection circuit coupled to at least one of the power conditioning circuits and receiving a first input power signal from one of the power conditioning circuits and a second input power signal. The selection circuit is configured to deliver an output power signal representing a selection from between the first and second input power signals based on a relative voltage level of the first and second input power signals. A method of power generation, and associated power module, are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 2, 2021
    Assignees: University of Southern California, Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Young Cho, Deon Rae, Charlie Webb, Greg LaFramboise, Lanre Olabinjo, Andrew Goodney
  • Patent number: 10897001
    Abstract: Provided is a thermoelectric conversion module, in which n-type thermoelectric conversion elements and p-type thermoelectric conversion elements are formed of materials having different thermal expansion coefficients, one surface sides of the n-type thermoelectric conversion elements and one surface sides of the p-type thermoelectric conversion elements are aligned and joined on one surface side of an insulating substrate, and thermal conductive members are formed on other surface sides of the n-type thermoelectric conversion elements and other surface side of the p-type thermoelectric conversion elements, respectively.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 2017
    Date of Patent: January 19, 2021
    Assignee: MITSUBISHI MATERIALS CORPORATION
    Inventor: Yoshinobu Nakada
  • Patent number: 10886451
    Abstract: Provided are a thermoelectric material, a method of fabricating the same, and a thermoelectric device. The thermoelectric material includes a first material layer including a chalcogen element; and a second material layer including a reaction compound between the chalcogen element and a metal element, wherein the thermoelectric material has a structure in which the first material layer is inserted in the second material layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 2017
    Date of Patent: January 5, 2021
    Assignee: UNIVERSITY-INDUSTRY FOUNDATION (UIF), YONSEI UNIVERSITY
    Inventors: Mann Ho Cho, Hye Jin Choi, Ji Min Chae, Han Bum Park
  • Patent number: 10886329
    Abstract: The present invention provides a thermoelectric micro-supercapacitor integrated device comprising: a thermoelectric power generation module comprising a thermoelectric unit body including a thermoelectric channel interposed between two different heat sources and disposed on a substrate, the thermoelectric channel being composed of an n-type or p-type semiconductor; and a micro-supercapacitor module configured to be operated in cooperation with the thermoelectric power generation module and including a pair of collector electrodes between which an electric potential difference is generated through the thermoelectric channel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 1, 2018
    Date of Patent: January 5, 2021
    Assignee: Korea University Research and Business Foundation
    Inventors: Sang Sig Kim, Kyoung Ah Cho, Kyung Whan Yang
  • Patent number: 10868204
    Abstract: A solar array module system for generating electric-power, preconfigured to prevent electric blockage of the module when a physical row of solar cells malfunctions. The module includes a matrix of X physical rows and Y columns of solar cells, electrically interconnected in a plain criss-cross matrix. The columns of the physical matrix are divided into a first side, numbering YL columns, and a second side, numbering Y-YL columns. The first side includes cells that are physically inverted relative to the cells of the second side. The negative side of the cell in the 1+nth physical row of column YL is electrically connected to the negative side of the cell in the X-nth physical row of column YL+1 (0?n<X). The positive side of the cell in the Xth physical row of column YL is electrically connected to the positive side of the cell in the 1st physical row of column YL+1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 1, 2016
    Date of Patent: December 15, 2020
    Assignee: SOLARWAT LTD
    Inventors: Boris Vatelmacher, Alexander Schuster
  • Patent number: 10855060
    Abstract: A cooling system includes an evaporator associated with a heat source. A condenser is located at a higher elevation than the evaporator. A heat pipe structure fluidly connects the evaporator with the condenser. A fan forces air through the condenser. A working fluid is in the evaporator so as to be heated to a vapor state, with the heat pipe structure transferring the vapor to the condenser and passively returning condensed working fluid back to the evaporator for cooling of the heat source. A plurality of thermoelectric generators is associated with the condenser and converts heat, obtained from the working fluid in the vapor state, to electrical energy to power the fan absent an external power source. The thermoelectric generators provide the electrical energy to the fan so that a rotational speed of the fan is automatically self-regulating to either increase or decrease based on a varying heat load.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 18, 2016
    Date of Patent: December 1, 2020
    Assignee: ABB Schweiz AG
    Inventors: Patrik Kaufmann, Oleksandr Sologubenko, Francoise Molitor, Tilo Buehler
  • Patent number: 10856440
    Abstract: An apparatus configured to cool an electronic assembly includes an evaporator configured to evaporate a cooling medium using heat of the electronic assembly, and a power transformer configured to transform energy stored in the evaporated cooling medium into electric power. The cooling medium has an evaporating temperature at atmospheric pressure within a temperature range of 50° C. to 80° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 6, 2019
    Date of Patent: December 1, 2020
    Assignee: HENSOLDT Sensors GmbH
    Inventors: Joerg Sander, Tim Moser
  • Patent number: 10841989
    Abstract: A gaseous-phase ionizing radiation generator for the voltage controlled production, flux, and use of one or more forms of ionizing electromagnetic and/or particulate radiation including: embodiments to collect and convert the particulate radiation that is generated by the radiation generator into electricity; embodiments that generate electricity from the ionized gas within the radiation generator by means of an auxiliary electrode structure composed of interdigitated individual electrodes of alternating work function; and a method or procedure for the fabrication and the activation of at least one working electrode composed in part of a metal hydride host material that is not formally considered to be radioactive.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 22, 2019
    Date of Patent: November 17, 2020
    Assignee: Inovl, Inc.
    Inventors: Frank E Gordon, Harper John Whitehouse
  • Patent number: 10840426
    Abstract: In one aspect, thermoelectric apparatus and articles and various applications of thermoelectric apparatus and articles are described herein. In some embodiments, a thermoelectric apparatus described herein comprises at least one p-type layer coupled to at least one n-type layer to provide a pn junction, and an insulating layer at least partially disposed between the p-type layer and the n-type layer, the p-type layer comprising carbon nanoparticles and the n-type layer comprising n-doped carbon nanoparticles. In some embodiments, the nanoparticles of the p-type layer and/or the nanoparticles of the n-type layer are disposed in a polymeric matrix comprising electrically poled polymer. In some embodiments, a thermoelectric article comprises a thermally insulating support and thermoelectric modules formed of a structure passing around or through the thermally insulating support to provide faces of the thermoelectric modules on opposing sides of the thermally insulating support.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 17, 2020
    Assignee: WAKE FOREST UNIVERSITY
    Inventors: David L. Carroll, Robert Summers
  • Patent number: 10825977
    Abstract: A method of manufacturing a thermoelectric converter includes filling each of a plurality of through-holes in each of a plurality of resin films with fillers containing a plurality of thermoelectric material particles. At this time, a part of the filler is extruded from each through-hole. In this state, the plurality of resin films are stacked together. A top-surface protection member having top-surface conductor patterns is stacked on one side of the plurality of resin films. A back-surface protection member having back-surface conductor patterns is stacked on the other side of the plurality of resin films. Thus, an integrated stacked body is formed. The integrated stacked body is then heated and pressurized. A plurality of thermoelectric material particles are thereby sintered to form the first and second thermoelectric members.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 29, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 3, 2020
    Assignees: DENSO CORPORATION, TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventors: Toshikazu Harada, Atusi Sakaida, Toshihisa Taniguchi, Tomohiro Imura, Yuki Sakashita, Hayato Watanabe
  • Patent number: 10794255
    Abstract: An apparatus for utilizing waste heat of an internal combustion engine includes an exhaust gas manifold and a thermoelectric element. The thermoelectric element is configured to generate an electric voltage as a result of a temperature difference between a side facing away from the exhaust gas manifold and an opposite side. The thermoelectric element is arranged on the exhaust gas manifold. The apparatus additionally includes a cooling element arranged on the thermoelectric element on the side facing away from the exhaust gas manifold. The cooling element has at least one cooling passage configured to provide for the throughflow of a fluid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2018
    Date of Patent: October 6, 2020
    Assignee: GF CASTING SOLUTIONS AG
    Inventors: Ilias Papadimitriou, Christian Graf
  • Patent number: 10741740
    Abstract: A thermo-electric generator includes a semiconductor membrane with a phononic structure containing at least one P-N junction. The membrane is suspended between a first support designed to be coupled to a cold thermal source and a second support designed to be coupled to a hot thermal source. The structure for suspending the membrane has an architecture allowing the heat flux to be redistributed within the plane of the membrane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 27, 2018
    Date of Patent: August 11, 2020
    Assignee: STMicroelectronics (Crolles 2) SAS
    Inventors: Emmanuel Dubois, Jean-Francois Robillard, Stephane Monfray, Thomas Skotnicki
  • Patent number: 10727389
    Abstract: A thermoelectric generating system may include a base substrate configured to be installed at a side of a vehicle exhaust line part; and at least one thermoelectric module configured to be installed on a top surface of the base substrate, in which a side of the exhaust line part is provided with an opening communicating with an internal space of the exhaust line part, the base substrate is installed to seal the opening of the exhaust line part, and the base substrate is made of a thermal conductive material and a surface of the base substrate is formed with an insulating layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 14, 2016
    Date of Patent: July 28, 2020
    Assignee: Hyundai Motor Company
    Inventors: Jin Woo Kwak, In Woong Lyo, Kyong Hwa Song, Han Saem Lee, Hong Kil Baek, In Chang Chu, Gyung Bok Kim, Byung Wook Kim, Seung Woo Lee
  • Patent number: 10706956
    Abstract: Methods are provided for evaluating and/or predicting the outcome of a clinical condition, such as cancer, metastasis, AIDS, autism, Alzheimer's, and/or Parkinson's disorder. The methods can also be used to monitor and track changes in a patient's DNA and/or RNA during and following a clinical treatment regime. The methods may also be used to evaluate protein and/or metabolite levels that correlate with such clinical conditions. The methods are also of use to ascertain the probability outcome for a patient's particular prognosis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 9, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 7, 2020
    Assignee: The Regents of the University of California
    Inventors: David Haussler, John Zachary Sanborn
  • Patent number: 10700254
    Abstract: Disclosed is a thermoelectric cell having thermoelectric tracks of alternating conductivity types connected in series by metallic connections, including a platform suspended over a substrate by arms, the platform and the arms being parts of the same thermally and electrically insulating layer, and each arm supporting a thermoelectric track.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 13, 2017
    Date of Patent: June 30, 2020
    Assignee: CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE (CNRS)
    Inventors: Olivier Bourgeois, Dimitri Tainoff, Daniel Bourgault
  • Patent number: 10686111
    Abstract: A thermoelectric conversion element including a thermoelectric conversion member formed of a skutterudite-type material containing an element L (indicating one or more elements selected from a group including In, Yb, Eu, Ce, La, Nd, Ga and Sr), an element M (indicating one or more elements selected from a group including Co, Rh, Ir, Fe, Ni, Pt, Pd, Ru and Os), and an element Pn (indicating one or more elements selected from a group including Sb, As, P, Te, Sn, Bi, Ge, Se and Si), an insulator covering the thermoelectric conversion member and a metal layer positioned between the thermoelectric conversion member and the insulator as well as containing the element L.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 26, 2017
    Date of Patent: June 16, 2020
    Assignee: Panasonic Intellectual Property Management Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Junya Tanaka
  • Patent number: 10677135
    Abstract: An exhaust heat recovery system is provided. The system includes a branch pipe that has branch fluid passages that are formed to be connected with an exhaust gas source emitting emit exhaust gas. a valve at least partially opens or closes the branch fluid passages to selectively introduce the exhaust gas into at least one of the branch fluid passages. Additionally, a thermoelectric module performs thermoelectric power generation by selectively using exhaust heat of the exhaust gas passing through a specific branch fluid passage of the branch fluid passages.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 23, 2018
    Date of Patent: June 9, 2020
    Assignees: Hyundai Motor Company, Kia Motors Corporation
    Inventors: Byung Wook Kim, Hoo Dam Lee, Jin Woo Kwak
  • Patent number: 10680154
    Abstract: In a known method in which a cooling pipe that is fixed and rigid is used, variation in a distance from the center of an exhaust heat pipe to the outer surface of a thermoelectric conversion module, variation in the radius of curvature of the curved surface of a cooling pipe, and other factors produce a gap between the outer surface of the thermoelectric conversion module and the inside surface of the cooling pipe. The gap prevents the achievement of desired cooling performance and the improvement of power generation efficiency. A thermoelectric conversion module of the present invention includes two flexible substrates each made of a thin resin film and having mounting lands formed thereon, and a plurality of thermoelectric elements mounted on the mounting lands at high density, wherein one of the two flexible substrate has a plurality of slits to make the module easy to bend.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 22, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 9, 2020
    Assignee: E-ThermoGentek Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Nobuyuki Kohtani, Michio Okajima, Keiichi Ohata, Shutaro Nambu
  • Patent number: 10679834
    Abstract: A solar generator can include a photon-enhanced thermionic emission generator with a cathode to receive solar radiation. The photon-enhanced thermionic emission generator can include an anode that in conjunction with the cathode generates a first current and waste heat from the solar radiation. A thermoelectric generator can be thermally coupled to the anode and can convert the waste heat from the anode into a second current. A circuit can connect to the photon-enhanced thermionic emission generator and to the thermoelectric generator and can combine the first and the second currents into an output current.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 9, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 9, 2020
    Assignee: GE Aviation Systems LLC
    Inventor: John Xiaozhong Wang
  • Patent number: 10646074
    Abstract: The invention relates to a handle for a cooking vessel or lid that includes at least one thermoelectric generator. The invention is characterized in that the handle has a releasable locking device and the thermoelectric generator has at least one first contact surface thermally connected to a thermal coupling part that comes into contact under stress with a portion of the cooking vessel or lid when the releasable locking device of the handle is in a locked position on the cooking vessel or lid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 12, 2020
    Assignee: SEB S.A.
    Inventor: Jean-Louis Compeau
  • Patent number: 10629794
    Abstract: Each of a first outside plate and a second outside plate includes bent portions at its both ends in a direction perpendicular to a direction in which a low-temperature fluid flows. The bent portions of the first outside plate and the bent portions of the second outside plate are respectively welded together in a resiliently deformed state to approach each other. The bent portions of the first outside plate and the bent portions of the second outside plate are respectively welded together to generate stress to press a first power generation module and a second power generation module on a duct.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 2016
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2020
    Assignee: DENSO CORPORATION
    Inventors: Shinya Kitagawa, Takuya Matsuda
  • Patent number: 10601080
    Abstract: A thermal runaway mitigation system cools fluid electrode material in a thermal battery to prevent a thermal runaway in the thermal battery. In response to a thermal runaway trigger, the thermal runway prevention system cools at least one of the fluid positive electrode material and the fluid negative electrode material. In some situations, the fluid material electrode material is sufficiently cooled to place the electrode material in a solid state.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 17, 2018
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2020
    Assignee: Vissers Battery Corporation
    Inventors: Manoel Tenorio, Daniel R. Vissers
  • Patent number: 10580954
    Abstract: Methods and processes to fabricate thermoelectric materials and more particularly to methods and processes to fabricate nano-sized doped silicon-based semiconductive materials to use as thermoelectrics in the production of electricity from recovered waste heat. Substantially oxidant-free and doped silicon particulates are fractured and sintered to form a porous nano-sized silicon-based thermoelectric material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 2017
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2020
    Assignee: Mossey Creek Technologies Inc.
    Inventor: John Carberry
  • Patent number: 10580955
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides wearable electronic devices with thermoelectric devices. The wearable electronic device may comprise a user interface for displaying information to a user. The thermoelectric device may comprise a heat collecting unit, a thermoelectric element, and a heat expelling unit. During use, the thermoelectric element may generate power upon the flow of thermal energy from the heat collecting unit, across the thermoelectric element, and to the heat expelling unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2019
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2020
    Assignee: MATRIX INDUSTRIES, INC.
    Inventors: Akram I. Boukai, Douglas W. Tham, Haifan Liang, Eric C. Hale, Gregory L. Kress, Scott A. Steber, Brentley M. Wiles
  • Patent number: 10578483
    Abstract: A battery-less sensor device includes a sensor to sense an environmental condition, a power supply system, a memory, a communication device, and a processor. The power supply system includes energy harvesting devices to harvest energy from ambient energy sources for powering one or more components of the sensor device, and an energy storage device to store harvested energy. The memory stores sensor data associated with the environmental condition sensed by the sensor. The communication device transmits the sensor data to a BMS or remote device. The processor is configured to dynamically select one or more energy sources from the ambient energy sources to power one or more components of the sensor device according to an availability of energy from the ambient energy sources and/or an energy consumption requirement of the one or more components of the sensor device, and to control supply of power to the one or more components.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 8, 2017
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2020
    Assignee: SCHNEIDER ELECTRIC USA, INC.
    Inventors: Dewan Ishtiaque Ahmed, Tithi Tasnuva, Michael Mackenzie
  • Patent number: 10572025
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides a handwritten screen and a control display device. The handwritten screen includes a plurality of pixels arranged in an array, and a first substrate and a second substrate both being electrically insulating and thermally conductive. Each of the plurality of pixels includes a thermoelectric generator and a display unit connected with each other, the thermoelectric generator and the display unit are between the first substrate and the second substrate, and the thermoelectric generator generates an electric field once there is a difference between a temperature of the first substrate and a temperature of the second substrate, so as to supply power to the display unit. The present disclosure effectively utilizes a difference in temperature between a finger (i.e., the first substrate) and an external environment (i.e., the second substrate) during touch, and converts thermal energy into electrical energy to perform thermoelectric power generation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 19, 2018
    Date of Patent: February 25, 2020
    Assignees: BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO., LTD., BEIJING BOE DISPLAY TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Hanyan Sun, Weitao Chen, Inho Park
  • Patent number: 10573798
    Abstract: A thermoelectric conversion module in which a plurality of P-type thermoelectric conversion elements and N-type thermoelectric conversion elements, which are combined in pairs, are connected in series between a pair of opposing wiring substrates via the wiring substrates: electrode parts to which the thermoelectric conversion elements are connected, are formed on surfaces of ceramic substrates of the wiring substrates: among the thermoelectric conversion elements, the thermoelectric conversion element having a larger thermal expansion coefficient has the length, in a direction in which the wiring substrates face each other, that is smaller than the length, in a direction in which the wiring substrates face each other, of the thermoelectric conversion element having a smaller thermal expansion coefficient: an electrically conductive spacer is interposed between at least one of the two ends of the thermoelectric conversion element having a larger thermal expansion coefficient and the ceramic substrate of the wi
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 26, 2016
    Date of Patent: February 25, 2020
    Assignee: MITSUBISHI MATERIALS CORPORATION
    Inventors: Yoshinobu Nakada, Toshiyuki Nagase, Masahito Komasaki, Yoshiyuki Nagatomo
  • Patent number: 10559737
    Abstract: A thermoelectric conversion element includes: a first film including a perovskite structure; a second film and a third film, including a perovskite structure, disposed in such a manner that the first film is interposed between the second film and the third film; a fourth film, including a perovskite structure, disposed so as to interpose the second film with the first film; and a fifth film, including a perovskite structure, disposed so as to interpose the third film with the first film, wherein an offset in conduction band between the first film and the second film and an offset in conduction band between the first film and the third film is less than 0.25 eV, and an offset in conduction band between the second film and the fourth film and an offset in conduction band between the third film and the fifth film is more than 1 eV.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 6, 2016
    Date of Patent: February 11, 2020
    Assignee: FUJITSU LIMITED
    Inventors: John David Baniecki, Hiroyuki Aso, Yoshihiko Imanaka
  • Patent number: 10557395
    Abstract: A thermoelectric generating unit is configured to generate based on a temperature difference between a cold side and a hot side. A heating part includes a plate-like hollow member and tubular member. The hollow member is provided along a hot-side surface of a thermoelectric transducer, and forms a plate-like cavity inside. The tubular member forms a tubular cavity which communicates the plate-like cavity, with two open ends of the tubular member being positioned distantly from each other and connected to the plate-like hollow member. The tubular member is heated from outside by a hot fluid. The plate-like cavity and the tubular cavity form a circulation path in which a heating medium charged in the cavities circulates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 10, 2015
    Date of Patent: February 11, 2020
    Assignee: YANMAR CO., LTD
    Inventor: Jiro Fukudome
  • Patent number: 10553773
    Abstract: A method of encapsulating a thin-film based thermoelectric module includes forming the thin-film based thermoelectric module by sputter depositing pairs of N-type thermoelectric legs and P-type thermoelectric legs electrically in contact with one another on a flexible substrate having a dimensional thickness less than or equal to 25 ?m, and rendering the formed thin-film based thermoelectric module flexible and less than or equal to 100 ?m in dimensional thickness based on choices of fabrication processes with respect to layers of the formed thin-film based thermoelectric module. The method also includes encapsulating the formed thin-film based thermoelectric module with an elastomer to render the flexibility thereto. The elastomer encapsulation has a dimensional thickness less than or equal to 15 ?m, and the flexibility enables an array of thin-film based thermoelectric modules to be completely wrappable and bendable around a system element from which the array is configured to derive thermoelectric power.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 11, 2018
    Date of Patent: February 4, 2020
    Inventor: Sridhar Kasichainula
  • Patent number: RE48650
    Abstract: A thermoelectric pumping apparatus for use with a heating device includes a water receptacle. A thermoelectric device includes a “cool” side coupled to the receptacle and an opposed “hot” side, the thermoelectric device generating current upon a temperature differential between the cool and hot sides. A conduction member is proximate the hot side and in selective communication with the heating device. A spring is positioned between a top side of the conduction member and receptacle, the spring being movable between a compressed configuration at which the conduction member is in thermal communication with the hot side of the thermoelectric device and an extended configuration at which the top side of the conduction member is not in thermal communication with the hot side of the thermoelectric device. A water pump is in fluid communication with the water in the receptacle and selectively energized by the thermoelectric device to output the water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 2018
    Date of Patent: July 20, 2021
    Inventor: Kenneth John Adler