Affecting Flow By The Addition Of Material Or Energy Patents (Class 137/13)
  • Patent number: 9689320
    Abstract: The temperatures of fuel oils stored in fuel tanks 12a, 12b, 12c are separately detected by temperature sensors 52a, 52b, 52c, respectively. Based on the detection results, a CPU 49 heats a heat resistant fuel oil among the fuel oils using a heat exchanger 54, such that the temperature of an oil mixture generated by mixing the fuel oils satisfies a predetermined temperature condition. After the fuel oils including the heated heat resistant fuel oil are mixed in a blender 13, the CPU 49 detects the viscosity of the generated oil mixture using a viscometer 33. Thereafter, based on the detection result, the CPU 49 controls the mixture ratio or a heating temperature of the heat resistant fuel oil, such that the viscosity of the oil mixture satisfies a predetermined viscosity condition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 27, 2017
    Assignee: Yanmar Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yukio Yagi, Ee Hong Chng, Yuuki Ootomo
  • Patent number: 9688907
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to a method of treating a portion of a subterranean formation comprising the use of an aqueous fracturing fluid containing a fast dissolving and easily dispersible unpunfied polygalactomannan ether.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 5, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 27, 2017
    Assignee: LAMBERTI SPA
    Inventors: Lorenzo Giardini, Luigi Merli, Valentina Langella, Mauro Riccaboni, Barbara Biasotti, Giovanni Floridi, Giuseppe Li Bassi, Pierangelo Pirovano
  • Patent number: 9663703
    Abstract: A powder composition for use in preparing flooding fluid for use in petroleum recovery from a petroleum-bearing formation includes an oxygen scavenger and a polymer material. Methods for preparing flooding fluid and for petroleum recovery from a petroleum-bearing formation employ the powder composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 30, 2017
    Inventor: James George Clements
  • Patent number: 9663740
    Abstract: The present invention generally relates to oil compositions, primarily to fuel oil and petroleum compositions produced there from susceptible to wax formation at low temperatures, to polymeric imides for use with such fuel oil compositions, and to methods for their manufacture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 18, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 30, 2017
    Assignee: AKZO NOBEL N.V.
    Inventors: Stephen L. Mead, Rodney Lee Cravey, Mohammad Abdur Rahman
  • Patent number: 9644426
    Abstract: Inhibiting gas hydrate formation while transporting hydrocarbon fluids may include providing a kinetic gas hydrate inhibitor, adding the kinetic gas hydrate inhibitor to a fluid capable of producing gas hydrates, and transporting the fluid that comprises the kinetic gas hydrate inhibitor. Generally a kinetic gas hydrate inhibitor may include a heterocyclic compound comprising nitrogen, e.g., poly(vinyl pyrrolidone).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 15, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 9, 2017
    Assignee: Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.
    Inventor: Alexandra Clare Morrison
  • Patent number: 9625046
    Abstract: A valve for one-time opening a fluid line for venting a technical system includes an inlet for connecting to the fluid line, an outlet, and a controllable closure arranged between the inlet and the outlet. In the non-activated state the controllable closure closes a passage between the inlet and the outlet. The closure includes a material that changes its phase state in dependence on a control parameter, whereby the passage is irreversibly opened in the activated state.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 5, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 18, 2017
    Assignee: Astrium GmbH
    Inventors: Rainer Killinger, Markus Wolf, Thomas Maier
  • Patent number: 9598628
    Abstract: A method for inhibiting the plugging of a conduit containing a flowable mixture comprising at least an amount of hydrocarbons capable of forming hydrates in the presence of water and an amount of water, which method comprises adding to the mixture an amount of a functionalized dendrimer effective to inhibit formation and/or accumulation of hydrates in the mixture at conduit temperatures and pressures; and flowing the mixture containing the functionalized dendrimer and any hydrates through the conduit wherein the functionalized dendrimer comprises two or more functional end groups selected from the group consisting of non-cyclic tertiary amine functional end groups, quaternary ammonium functional end groups, polyalkylene glycol functional end groups, quaternary ammonium zwitterionic end groups and phosphate or sulfate end groups.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 21, 2017
    Assignee: SHELL OIL COMPANY
    Inventor: Ulfert Cornelis Klomp
  • Patent number: 9562184
    Abstract: A fluid composition for cleanout of wellbores and pipe systems includes an effective amount of an amphiphilic chemical combined with an effective amount of a friction reducer in an aqueous solution of a base liquid. A remainder of the composition includes the base liquid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 8, 2014
    Date of Patent: February 7, 2017
    Assignee: Bear Creek Services, LLC
    Inventors: Nathan R. Hutchings, Stewart A. Simpson
  • Patent number: 9550935
    Abstract: A method of inhibiting hydrates in a fluid comprising water and gas comprising adding to the fluid an effective hydrate-inhibiting amount of a composition comprising one or more copolymers of N-alkyl (alkyl)acrylamide monomers and one or more cationic monomers selected from acid and alkyl chloride quaternary salts of N,N-dialkylaminoalkyl (meth)acrylates and N,N-dialkylaminoalkyl (meth)acrylamides.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 24, 2014
    Date of Patent: January 24, 2017
    Assignee: Nalco Company
    Inventors: Peter G. Conrad, Erick J. Acosta, Kevin P. McNamee, Brian Bennett, Olga E. S. Lindeman, Joseph R. Carlise
  • Patent number: 9545606
    Abstract: Embodiments of the present disclosure include a process and a system for solubilizing a surfactant in supercritical carbon dioxide that include providing a turbulent flow of the supercritical carbon dioxide into which the surfactant solubilizes and injecting the surfactant into the turbulent flow of the supercritical carbon dioxide to achieve a Jet Mixing Number of 0.01 to 1.0. In one or more embodiments, a pump provides turbulent flow to supercritical carbon dioxide moving through at least a portion of piping, and an injector associated with the piping conveys the surfactant through surfaces defining a port in the injector to inject the surfactant into the turbulent flow of the supercritical carbon dioxide so as to achieve the Jet Mixing Number of 0.01 to 1.0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 3, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 17, 2017
    Assignee: Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Michael D. Cloeter, Raymond M. Jones
  • Patent number: 9528063
    Abstract: A method for inhibiting the plugging of a conduit containing a flowable mixture comprising at least an amount of hydrocarbons capable of forming hydrates in the presence of water and an amount of water, which method comprises adding to the mixture an amount of a functionalized dendrimer effective to inhibit formation and/or accumulation of hydrates in the mixture at conduit temperatures and pressures; and flowing the mixture containing the functionalized dendrimer and any hydrates through the conduit wherein the functionalized dendrimer comprises at least one ammonium functional end group.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 27, 2016
    Assignee: SHELL OIL COMPANY
    Inventor: Ulfert Cornelis Klomp
  • Patent number: 9512700
    Abstract: A subsea fluid processing system is provided containing a liquid reservoir, an inlet tank, a pump, an outlet system, and a fluid re-circulation loop. The liquid reservoir circulates a primer liquid stream to the inlet tank via the fluid re-circulation loop. The inlet tank further receives a first production fluid stream and mixes it with the primer liquid stream to produce thereby a second production fluid stream having a reduced gas volume fraction (GVF) relative to the first production fluid stream. The pump receives the second production fluid stream from the inlet tank and increases its pressure. Further, the outlet system containing the liquid reservoir receives the second production fluid stream from the pump and separates at least a portion of the primer liquid stream from a principal production stream. The primer liquid includes at least one exogenous liquid not derived from the first production fluid stream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 12, 2014
    Date of Patent: December 6, 2016
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Guillaume Becquin, Siddharth Navinchandra Ashar, Jr., Vittorio Michelassi, Rosa Castane Selga, Rene Du Cauze De Nazelle
  • Patent number: 9488316
    Abstract: There is disclosed a device for improving flow of a viscous fluid in a fluid transport conduit, the device comprising: a porous conduit having a passage through which the viscous fluid may pass between upstream and downstream sections of the fluid transport conduit; and a casing member having a wall which extends around the porous conduit, the device being configured such that, when it is in situ, a fluid transfer chamber having at least one fluid inlet is defined between the casing member wall and porous conduit, whereby lubricating fluid may pass under pressure through the inlet(s) into the fluid transfer chamber and through the porous conduit into the passage to lubricate the flow.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 8, 2016
    Assignee: COMMONWEALTH SCIENTIFIC AND INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH ORGANISATION
    Inventors: Jie Wu, Lachlan Graham, John Farrow, Bon Nguyen
  • Patent number: 9468867
    Abstract: A microfluidic device is provided for inducing the separation of constituent elements from a microfluidic sample by introducing phase changes in the microfluidic sample while contained in a microfluidic channel in the device. At least a portion of the microfluidic sample is frozen to cause fractional exclusion of the constituent element from the frozen portion of the microfluidic sample. Different portions of the microfluidic sample may be frozen in different sectors and at different times in order to cause movement in a desired direction of the separated constituent element. Portions of the microfluidic sample may be frozen in a sequential order of adjacent sectors within the microfluidic channel in order to cause sequential movement of the excluded constituent element toward one portion of the microfluidic channel. The frozen portion of the microfluidic sample is then thawed, wherein the separated constituent element remains substantially separated from the thawed, purified microfluidic sample.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 24, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 18, 2016
    Assignee: The Aerospace Corporation
    Inventor: Richard P. Welle
  • Patent number: 9315715
    Abstract: Methods of treating hydrocarbon fluids to reduce the apparent viscosity of hydrocarbon fluids encountered in petroleum operations and reducing deposits within a well annulus or a pipeline are disclosed. The method comprises contacting such fluids with a hydrophobically modified polysaccharide to create water external emulsions. The disclosed hydrophobically modified polysaccharides have been demonstrated to reduce interfacial tension to below 65 mN/m and thereby improve the transportability of inherently viscous hydrocarbon fluids, such as heavy crude oils.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 20, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 19, 2016
    Assignee: Nalco Company
    Inventors: Marcus D. Faust, Jr., Thomas M. Weathers, Jr., Duy T. Nguyen
  • Patent number: 9303201
    Abstract: The present invention relates to methods of inhibiting the formation or agglomeration of gas hydrates using amidines or guanidines. The invention further relates to compositions comprising amidines or guanidines that find use as gas hydrate inhibitors, as well as processes for preparing alkylated amidinium or guanidinium salts.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 10, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 5, 2016
    Assignee: ECO INHIBITORS AS
    Inventor: Malcolm Andrew Kelland
  • Patent number: 9297466
    Abstract: An improved safety device, for oil and gas installations, includes one or more conduits for the transport of oil and/or gas, and one or more valves, where the safety system includes a freezing device, which can be provided substantially around a conduit and/or a valve, where the freezing device cools the conduit and/or valve in such a way, preferably by using liquid nitrogen of freon, that the medium in the conduit and/or the valve freezes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 23, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 29, 2016
    Assignee: VORSCON HOLDING B.V.
    Inventor: Marinus van Eijk
  • Patent number: 9297260
    Abstract: An airflow control device 10 in an embodiment includes: a vortex shedding structure portion 20 discharging an airflow flowing on a surface in a flow direction as a vortex flow; and a first electrode 40 and a second electrode 41 disposed on a downstream side of the vortex shedding structure portion 20 via a dielectric. By applying a voltage between the first electrode 40 and the second electrode 41, flow of the airflow on the downstream side of the vortex shedding structure portion 20 is controlled.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 13, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 29, 2016
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba
    Inventors: Motofumi Tanaka, Hisashi Matsuda, Hiroyuki Yasui, Shohei Goshima, Naohiko Shimura, Kunihiko Wada, Tamon Ozaki, Toshiki Osako, Masahiro Asayama, Yutaka Uchida
  • Patent number: 9285080
    Abstract: A method and composition for reducing drag, reducing friction, reducing viscosity, and/or improving flow of viscous hydrocarbons including adding an effective amount of a drag-reducing composition containing a blend of turpentine liquids to a viscous hydrocarbon storage or pipeline operation and forming a drag-reducing mixture of viscous hydrocarbons and the blend of turpentine liquids.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 29, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 15, 2016
    Assignee: Green Source Holdings, LLC
    Inventors: Liang-tseng Fan, Shahram Reza Shafie
  • Patent number: 9267257
    Abstract: A process for the treatment of a rock formation or cavity, including the step of injecting, into the rock formation or cavity, a water solution of a water-soluble thermo-thickening polymer, the thermo-thickening polymer being able to form a gel at a threshold temperature (Tg), an inner temperature (Tint) of the rock formation or cavity being equal or superior to the threshold temperature (Tg), the process being characterized in that the thermo-thickening polymer is a cellulose chain, partially etherified with C1-C6 alkyl or hydroxyalkyl groups, or a polyacrylamide-based copolymer including N-isopropylacrylamide and/or N-vinylpyrrolidone groups. Such a process is advantageous for water shutoff in gas- or oilfields, or to solve to water channelling problems between injection wells and production wells.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 29, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 23, 2016
    Assignee: Poweltec
    Inventors: Alain Zaitoun, Guillaume Dupuis, Rashid Al Maamari, Abdulaziz Al Hashmi, Hamed Al Sharji
  • Patent number: 9255043
    Abstract: Disclosed is a liquid crude hydrocarbon composition containing (a) a liquid crude hydrocarbon having an API gravity of less than or equal to about 20; and (b) a minor amount of a blend comprising (i) one or more hydrocarbon-containing solvents having an aromatic content of at least about 10 wt. %; and (ii) one or more asphaltene modifiers selected from the group consisting of an aromatic sulfonic acid or salt thereof, an aliphatic sulfonic acid or salt thereof and an alkyl-substituted hydroxyaromatic carboxylic acid or salt thereof. Also disclosed is a method for transporting a liquid crude hydrocarbon having an API gravity of less than or equal to about 20.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 31, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 9, 2016
    Assignee: Chevron Oronite Company LLC
    Inventors: Cesar Ovalles, John Segerstrom, Estrella Rogel, Curt Campbell
  • Patent number: 9249352
    Abstract: Fracturing fluid comprising, in solution in water, a proppant and an associative amphoteric polymer, the said polymer having a molecular weight of at least 1 000 000 g/mol and comprising: 0.01 to 10 mol % of at least one cationic monomer derived from acrylamide, from 0.09 to 89.99 mol % of at least one anionic monomer, and from 10 to 99 mol % of at least one nonionic water-soluble monomer. Fracturing process using the fluid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 2, 2016
    Assignee: S.P.C.M. SA
    Inventors: C├ędrick Favero, Nicolas Gaillard
  • Patent number: 9234414
    Abstract: Apparatus (10) permits injection of solid well treatment pellets into a producing well (25) having a positive well pressure. The apparatus (10) includes a water storage tank (12) connected to the input of a high pressure pump (14). The pump (14) generates a pressurized flow of water at a pressure greater than well pressure through a conduit (24) and/or through a container (30) holding the pellets to be injected. The pellets are entrained within the pressurized flow of water for well injection.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 18, 2014
    Date of Patent: January 12, 2016
    Assignee: Jacam Chemical Company 2013, LLC
    Inventors: Gene H. Zaid, Byron G. Owen, Ivan Clark Barr
  • Patent number: 9151244
    Abstract: An aircraft jet engine comprising a nozzle to eject a gas stream, and a system for reducing the noise generated by the ejection of the gas stream. This system comprises several ducts which each are connected upstream to a recess divided into several chambers and open, downstream, at the outlet of nozzle. In this way, each duct ejects a fluid jet deriving from the recess and which interacts with the gas stream of the engine. The system also comprises a pulsation means for the fluid jet which brings about its ejection at the nozzle outlet and/or modulates its speed by varying the volume contained in the recess.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 24, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 6, 2015
    Assignees: AIRBUS Operations (S.A.S.), CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE, UNIVERSITE DE POITIERS
    Inventors: Jerome Huber, Jean Paul Bonnet, Luis Gomes, Remy Maury
  • Patent number: 9057132
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is a primer composition capable of forming a primer layer excellent in adhesion properties and film-forming properties on the surfaces of various materials that may be bonded with an epoxy-based adhesive. The primer composition includes: an epoxy resin containing at least a bisphenol A-type epoxy resin and a phenol novolac-type epoxy resin; a curing agent being dicyandiamide; a curing catalyst being imidazole; and an inorganic oxide filler containing fumed silica, at least a surface of which is hydrophobic and which has a primary particle diameter of 7 to 40 nm and a specific surface area of 50 to 380 m2/g, in an amount of 0.5 to 3 parts by weight per 100 parts by weight of the total amount of the epoxy resins, wherein the primer composition includes no solvent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 20, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 16, 2015
    Assignee: SUMITOMO METAL MINING CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Hidetoshi Yamabe, Yuka Takita, Kyouko Miyauchi
  • Patent number: 9028680
    Abstract: A method and system for handling viscous liquid crude hydrocarbons is disclosed. The method involves (a) solvent deasphalting at least a portion of an asphaltene-containing liquid crude hydrocarbon feedstock to form an asphaltene fraction and a deasphalted oil (DAO) fraction essentially free of asphaltenes; (b) adjusting the density of the asphaltene fraction to substantially the same density of a carrier for the asphaltene fraction; (c) forming coated asphaltene particles from the asphaltene fraction of step (b); (d) slurrying the coated asphaltene particles with the carrier; and (e) transporting the slurry to a treatment facility or a transportation carrier.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 14, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 12, 2015
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Gunther Hans Dieckmann, John Segerstrom, Cesar Ovalles, Estrella Rogel, Vasudevan Sampath, Donald L. Kuehne, Hariprasad Janakiram Subramani, Dennis John O'Rear
  • Publication number: 20150123040
    Abstract: The disclosed embodiments relate to systems and methods for heating a slurry to increase a solids concentration of the slurry while maintaining the viscosity of the slurry below a threshold viscosity. For example, in one embodiment, a system includes a fuel slurry preparation system having a slurry tank configured to hold a fuel slurry, the fuel slurry having a solid fuel and a liquid. The fuel slurry preparation system also includes a heat source and a controller configured to control the heat source to heat the fuel slurry to decrease a viscosity of the slurry below a threshold viscosity.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 23, 2014
    Publication date: May 7, 2015
    Inventors: Raymond Douglas Steele, Sivaguru Kanniappan, Raul Eduardo Ayala, Zhaohui Yang, Dejia Wang, Yan Zhou, Karunagaran Sivagurunathan, Murugaraja Sengottaiyan
  • Publication number: 20150122715
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are apparatus and methods for filtering a fluid including a filter module assembly coupled to a manifold. The manifold may include a manifold inlet in fluid communication with a source of feed liquid, an outlet in fluid communication with header of the filter module assembly, a fluid passageway in fluid communication with the manifold inlet, a source of gas, and the outlet, a second fluid passageway in fluid communication with the header and the first fluid passageway and a second manifold outlet vertically displaced from the first manifold outlet and in fluid communication between the first fluid passageway and the second fluid passageway.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 10, 2014
    Publication date: May 7, 2015
    Inventors: Michael Collignon, Bruce Gregory Biltoft
  • Publication number: 20150101673
    Abstract: Drag reducing compositions comprising polymer particles, where the polymer particles include copolymers comprising the residues of at least one methacrylate monomer and at least one comonomer having a polymerizable vinyl group, where the comonomer has no more than one pendant substituent per vinyl carbon. The drag reducing compositions can have improved dissolution rates in hydrocarbon-containing fluids. The drag reducing compositions can be added to a hydrocarbon-containing fluid to decrease the pressure drop associated with the turbulent flow of the hydrocarbon-containing fluid through a conduit.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 18, 2014
    Publication date: April 16, 2015
    Inventor: Stuart N. Milligan
  • Publication number: 20150096626
    Abstract: A fluid delivery device is provided. The fluid delivery device includes a melter having a loading chamber and a hopper disposed in communication with the loading chamber, the loading chamber having one or more heating elements. The hopper includes a second heating element. The melter also includes a container handling system for lifting a container a predetermined height and moving the container from a position remote of the melter to a position within the loading chamber. The container includes contents stored within. The heating elements heat the contents so that the contents may be received in the hopper. The hopper may continue to heat the contents to provide a fluid. The fluid may be discharged from the hopper by way of a pump assembly. A pressure of fluid may be regulated at the pump assembly.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 3, 2014
    Publication date: April 9, 2015
    Inventors: Joseph Angelini, Grant McGuffey, Mel Steven Lessley, Alan Pindrock, Scott Mercer
  • Publication number: 20150083230
    Abstract: A buffer unit is configured to store and transfer adhesive particulate to at least one adhesive melter. The buffer unit includes a buffer bin defining an interior space configured to hold a bulk supply of adhesive particulate with an agitator plate positioned within the housing at a non-horizontal orientation. A vibration generating mechanism is coupled to the agitator plate so that vibration is transmitted into the adhesive particulate to form a flow of fluidized adhesive particulate which flows toward at least one pump inlet. The buffer unit breaks up clumps of coalesced adhesive particulate to avoid clogging the pump inlet, while also ensuring that all adhesive particulate in the buffer bin can be removed at the pump inlet. Additionally, makeup air used by pumps to generate vacuum at the pump inlet does not need to be drawn through the entire bulk supply of adhesive particulate.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 19, 2014
    Publication date: March 26, 2015
    Inventors: Charles P. Ganzer, Enes Ramosevac
  • Publication number: 20150075632
    Abstract: Provided are magneto-cryogenic valves, methods and systems that extract thermal energy from a fluid within a conduit such that the temperature of at least a portion of the fluid is reduced to a temperature below which at least a portion of the fluid becomes a solid thereby forming a frozen plug of fluid and magnetically susceptible particles that reversibly plugs the conduit, preventing flow of fluid past the plug. Also provided are methods and systems for temporarily preventing the flow of fluid in a conduit.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 12, 2014
    Publication date: March 19, 2015
    Inventors: Daniel X. Wray, Reed Nicholas Liu, Ericson C. Ceniceros
  • Publication number: 20150075631
    Abstract: A device that directs cooled and otherwise wasted water to storage for reuse is disclosed. The valve incorporates a single flow stream through internal piping around a thermally sensitive coil which imparts rotation for automatic closing of a valve upon arrival of heated water to the valve. Once closed, the device resets itself for the next activation and use. The device is basically self contained and requires only single point installation. The unit provides for many households to experience substantial saving on daily energy and water expenses. The installation can be readily retrofitted to existing structures or incorporated in new construction whether any be homes, apartments, hotels, condominiums and businesses with water distribution requirements. Further, the present invention, requiring no external energy input, offers an alternative to expensive circulating hot water systems incorporating substantial initial cost and extended energy consumption.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 6, 2013
    Publication date: March 19, 2015
    Inventor: Bernabe Romero
  • Patent number: 8978683
    Abstract: A method of reducing the downward flow of air currents on the leeward side of an emissions emitting structure including the step of using a system that includes components chosen from the group consisting of one or more mechanical air moving devices; physical structures; and combinations thereof to create an increase in the air pressure within a volume of air on the leeward side of an emissions emitting structure having emissions that become airborne. The increased air pressure prevents or lessens downward flow of emissions that would occur without the use of the system and increases the safety by which one can travel a road or other transportation route that might otherwise be visually obscured by the emissions and the safety of the property and those within the area where emissions occur.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 8, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: Zeeland Wood Turning Works, Inc.
    Inventor: Keith Erwin Boonstra
  • Publication number: 20150068611
    Abstract: A method and chemical delivery system are provided. The method includes providing a vapor phase of a multi-component liquid source. The method further includes contacting a pre-loaded carrier gas with the vapor phase, wherein the pre-loaded carrier gas includes a carrier gas and at least one component of the multi-component liquid source and delivering a gas stream comprising at least one component of the liquid source to a critical process or application, wherein the amount of the component in the carrier gas is sufficient to keep the ratio of components in the multi-component liquid source relatively constant. The chemical delivery system includes a multi-component liquid source having a vapor phase.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 14, 2013
    Publication date: March 12, 2015
    Inventors: Daniel Alvarez, JR., Jeffrey Spiegelman, Russell J. Holmes, Edward Heinlein, Zohreh Shamsi
  • Patent number: 8973613
    Abstract: An ER fluid valve includes a housing and a plurality of parallel flow passages through the housing each defined by spaced electrodes at least one of which is controllable independently of other flow passages electrodes. A controller is configured to selectively establish electrical fields for all of the independently controllable electrodes to close all of the flow passages to ER fluid flowing through the housing. By removing the fields from all of the independently controllable electrodes, all the flow passages are open to the ER fluid flowing through the housing. By establishing fields for select independently controllable electrodes to close their associated flow passages and by leaving other flow passages open, restricted flow of the ER fluid through the housing is accomplished to vary the flow rate through the housing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 27, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2015
    Assignee: Google Inc.
    Inventors: Michael P. Murphy, Robert Playter
  • Publication number: 20150047126
    Abstract: Systems, methods, and devices for optimizing a level of fluidization of a fluidizable medium in a fluidized person support apparatus.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 11, 2014
    Publication date: February 19, 2015
    Inventors: Kristopher Klink, Frank Sauser, Charles A. Lachenbruch, John Murphy, Irvin J. Vanderpohl, III
  • Patent number: 8944084
    Abstract: In a method of moving droplets, local heat is applied to a surface portion of a droplet for an amount of time sufficient to create a Marangoni flow in the droplet. Droplets are suspended in an emulsion in a carrier liquid on a substrate. A laser beam is used to move one of the droplets. the droplet consists of a first substance and a carrier liquid consists of a second substance that is not mixable with the first substance. The droplet is placed in the carrier liquid, and the mixture is emulsified. The emulsified mixture is placed on a substrate. Then the local heat is applied to the surface of the droplet. The first substance may include oil and the second substance may include water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: Wayne State University
    Inventors: Amar Basu, Gopakumar Kamalakshakurup
  • Publication number: 20150027553
    Abstract: Apparatuses and methods for urea dosing of an exhaust after treatment system are disclosed. Exemplary apparatuses include a chamber configured to receive pressurized gas at a first inlet, receive urea solution at a second inlet, and provide a combined flow of pressurized gas and urea to an outlet, a flow passage extending from the first inlet to a seating surface, and a valve member configured to move between an open position in which the valve member is spaced apart from the seating surface and a closed position in which the valve member contacts the seating surface. As the valve member moves from the open position to the closed position the valve member contacts the seating surface at a first location and wipes an area of the seating surface extending from the first location in a direction toward the flow passage.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 22, 2012
    Publication date: January 29, 2015
    Inventors: Andrew Myer, Chetan Ponnathpur, John Heichelbech, George Muntean, Stephen Holl, James F. Burke, John Anthis, Joydeep Chakrabarti, Brandon Simmons
  • Publication number: 20150027555
    Abstract: A microfluidic platform including a microfluidic layer and a contact layer. The microfluidic layer is embedded with a microfluidic structure including a micro-channel and a fluidic sample contained in the micro-channel. The contact layer is able to be attached to the microfluidic layer, and includes a first heater for heating a first area of the microfluidic structure to a first temperature and a second heater for heating a second area of the microfluidic structure to a second temperature. The microfluidic layer and the contact layer rotate together during operation. A method for controlling a sample in the micro-channel of the microfluidic structure.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 10, 2012
    Publication date: January 29, 2015
    Applicants: THE CHINESE UNIVERSITY OF HONG KONG, NANYANG TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY, HOSPITAL AUTHORITY
    Inventors: Qiu Lan Chen, Ho Pui Ho, Siu Kai Kong, Patrick Kwok Leung Kwan, Yiu Wa Kwan, Ho Chin Kwok, Ping Shum, Yick Keung Suen, Shu Yuen Wu, Alice Kar Lai Yang, Jun Qiang Zhou
  • Publication number: 20150029478
    Abstract: A fuel stream generator comprising a nozzle connected to a fuel reservoir, wherein the nozzle is provided with a gas inlet configured to provide a sheath of gas around fuel flowing along the nozzle is disclosed. Also disclosed are a method of generating fuel droplets and a lithography apparatus incorporating the fuel stream generator.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 22, 2013
    Publication date: January 29, 2015
    Applicant: ASML Netherlands B.V.
    Inventors: Hendrikus Gijsbertus Schimmel, Dzmitry Labetski
  • Publication number: 20150027554
    Abstract: The disclosure relates to a droplet manipulating device and a method for manipulating a droplet. The droplets manipulating device includes a first magnetic field generator, a second magnetic field generator, and a flow channel. The first magnetic field generator produces a first magnetic field on the droplet, so that the droplet has the direction of magnetic field corresponding to the first magnetic field. Further, the second magnetic field generator produces a second magnetic field on the droplet so as to drive the droplet to be in motion in the flow channel.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 2, 2014
    Publication date: January 29, 2015
    Applicant: INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH INSTITUTE
    Inventors: Shao-Hsing YEH, Yu-Ying LIN, Chi-Han CHIOU, Liang-Ju CHIEN
  • Publication number: 20150020890
    Abstract: A method and apparatus, for supplying high-pressure mixed gas of a low-vapor-pressure first gas as an active gas and a high-vapor-pressure second gas, are arranged to reduce an amount of the first gas discarded. The mixed gas in a high-pressure state is supplied from a mixing container to a use point. Upon reduction of pressure in the mixing container to a setpoint as a result of supply to the use point, a predetermined amount of the first gas is charged into a replenishment container connected to the mixing container by a replenishment line having a replenishment valve, and which is evacuated. As the second gas is charged into the replenishment container charged with the first gas, the replenishment valve is opened such that the first gas in the replenishment container is forced out by the second gas, thereby charging the mixing container with the mixed gas in the high-pressure condition.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 10, 2014
    Publication date: January 22, 2015
    Inventors: Kunihiko KOIKE, Yu YOSHINO, Naohisa MAKIHIRA, Takehiko SENOO, Toshihiro AIDA, Tomoya BIRO, Hiroshi ICHIMARU, Masahiro TAINAKA
  • Patent number: 8926816
    Abstract: Systems and methods for trapping and moving individual particles of a target material of a suspension are disclosed. In one aspect, a system includes a tube and an electronically addressable float. The float includes one or more arrays of electrodes in which each electrode can be independently addressed to create non-uniform electric fields that trap and isolate target particles near the float. The electrodes can be dynamically operated to move the target particles to particular locations on the float for analysis and collection.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 28, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2015
    Assignee: Rarecyte, Inc.
    Inventor: Joshua John Nordberg
  • Publication number: 20140366950
    Abstract: An aircraft comprising a Rubens' tube for distributing gas within the aircraft. The Rubens' tube comprises a tube with a plurality of outlets; an inlet for feeding the gas into the tube; and a loudspeaker arranged to set up a standing acoustic wave within the tube. Typically the Rubens' tube is arranged to feed inert gas into a fuel tank of the aircraft.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 5, 2014
    Publication date: December 18, 2014
    Inventors: Richard HASKINS, Timothy LEIGH
  • Publication number: 20140360586
    Abstract: A fluid ionization and vaporization inlet provides for the ionization and vaporization of samples to be delivered to analytical instrumentation of the scientist's choice. A sample may be injected through a septum onto a sample plate whereby heat, direct current, or both can be applied to ionize and/or vaporize the sample into a carrier gas, which is then provided to the analytical instrumentation. A continuous fluid sample may also be provided to the fluid ionization and vaporization inlet wherein it is heated to vaporize the sample, and then excited volatile molecules pass through a gas permeable membrane and combined with a carrier gas, which in turn is provided to the analytical instrumentation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 5, 2014
    Publication date: December 11, 2014
    Inventor: Randall E. Mielke
  • Publication number: 20140360587
    Abstract: A device for reducing friction of a viscous fluid flow in a conduit includes a body (10,110) positionable to define at least a segment of a flow path for the viscous fluid in or contiguous with the conduit, a cavity (40,140) in the body for retaining lubricating fluid, and at least one port (42,142) in the body for delivering lubricating fluid to the cavity. A fluid outlet arrangement (48,148) from the cavity delivers lubricating fluid to the flow path to form a downstream lubricating film about viscous fluid flowing therein. The fluid outlet arrangement comprises a substantially continuous opening or ring of close spaced openings about the flow path. The cavity comprises an array of passages in the body that includes a plurality of elongate passages (55,155) that extend about the flow path effective collectively to reduce the pressure variation and therefore velocity variation of the delivered lubricating fluid along the outlet arrangement. A corresponding method is also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 7, 2013
    Publication date: December 11, 2014
    Inventors: Jie Wu, Lachlan Graham, Gregory Mark Short, Dean William Harris
  • Publication number: 20140360588
    Abstract: A drag reducing composition for use in hydrocarbon streams which contains a finely divided, solid polyolefin friction reducing agent, a suspending medium comprised of water and a liquid organic carrier containing from 10 to 14 carbon atoms and having at least one hydroxyl group and a partitioning agent comprising a compound having a hydrophobic group and a hydrophilic group and exhibiting at least some surface activity.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 22, 2014
    Publication date: December 11, 2014
    Inventors: Brad Bucher, Tom Weatherford, Alan Ebert
  • Publication number: 20140345863
    Abstract: Electromagnetically active slurries comprising stabilized fluids and methods of using the stabilized, electromagnetically active slurries in fluid flow control and detection. Also, methods, fluids, equipment and/or systems for treating a subterranean formation penetrated by a wellbore, relating to treatment fluids based on the stabilized, electromagnetically active slurries.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 21, 2013
    Publication date: November 27, 2014
    Applicant: Schlumberger Technology Corporation
    Inventors: Hemant K. J. Ladva, Yiyan Chen, Anthony Loiseau, Dmitriy Ivanovich Potapenko
  • Publication number: 20140338754
    Abstract: A domestic hot water distribution device includes a supply water inlet, a waste water collector and means for heating the supply water in order to produce domestic hot water from the heat contained in the waste waters The heating means include thermo-electric modules laid out for operating heat transfer from the waste waters to the supply water to be heated.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 31, 2012
    Publication date: November 20, 2014
    Applicant: QUANTIA SAS
    Inventor: Pascal Nuti