Electrical Patents (Class 139/353)
  • Patent number: 9830549
    Abstract: A data carrier 2 is provided with a comparator 41, a capacitor 42, a comparator operation adjustment resistor 43, a resistance voltage divider circuit 44 and a reactive-current resistor 45. The capacitor 42 is disposed between the cathode of a photo-diode (PD) 21 and the minus input terminal of the comparator 41. The comparator operation adjustment resistor 43 is disposed between the plus terminal of a primary battery 271 and the minus input terminal of the comparator 41. The resistance voltage divider circuit 44 is constituted by a series connection of voltage dividing resistors 441 and 442. One end of the resistance voltage divider circuit 44 is connected to the plus terminal of the primary battery 271. The junction between the voltage division resistor 441 and the other voltage division resistor 442 is connected to the plus input terminal of the comparator 41.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 22, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 28, 2017
    Inventor: Takeshi Yamamoto
  • Publication number: 20100139804
    Abstract: An apparatus for detecting a break in a warp yarn in a loom includes a heald, a heald frame, a carrier rod, a sensor, a controller and a signal line. The heald is made of a resin material for guiding a warp yarn. The heald frame performs a shedding operation of warp yarns and has the carrier rod for supporting a plurality of the healds. The sensor is provided in the heald for sensing a deformation of the heald caused by a tension of the warp yarn and outputting a signal. The controller is provided for determining a condition of the break in the warp yarn based on the signal of the sensor. The signal line electrically connects to the sensor and the controller.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 4, 2009
    Publication date: June 10, 2010
    Inventors: Hiromasa SUGIYAMA, Masanobu SAKAI
  • Patent number: 6499512
    Abstract: Drop pin for stop motion (1) comprising a body (2) with a yarn lead-through opening (3) provided to rest on a thread extending through this opening (3). The drop pin is supported by a supporting surface or edge (4), forming a concavely curved bordering of this opening (3) and which, in cross-section, has a convex form. The supporting surface (4) may have a rounded spherical form or a form with a number of angle forming sides, such as for instance a polygon. Preferably, the yarn lead-through opening (3) is circular. Also provided is a device for detecting the thread breakage on a weaving machine, comprising a number of similar drop pins for stop motion and a weaving machine provided with a similar device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2001
    Date of Patent: December 31, 2002
    Assignee: N.V. Michel Van de Wiele
    Inventor: Johnny Debaes
  • Patent number: 6000439
    Abstract: A weaving machine including a machine frame, an apparatus for supplying warp threads, a support apparatus, a plurality of heald frames, a reed, and a replaceable changing apparatus releasably connectable with the machine frame or the support apparatus and including at least one whip roll for deflecting the warp threads, a warp stop motion unit, a holder device for the heald frames and the reed, and at least one apparatus for guiding and/or fixing the warp threads.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 16, 1998
    Date of Patent: December 14, 1999
    Assignee: Textilma AG
    Inventor: Francisco Speich
  • Patent number: 5940945
    Abstract: On a sectional warping machine, the dividing-shed formation for introducing a dividing element is controlled in such a way that at least one yarn sensor (18, 18') is introduced transversely to the running direction of the shed warp (11, 12) into the opened dividing shed (15). The yarn sensor generates a control signal on detecting an incorrectly arranged yarn (34) in the feed area. The yarn sensor is preferably introduced into the dividing shed (15) together with a motor-driven element transporter (13), wherein the drive of the element transporter can be switched off and/or reversed by the control signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 10, 1998
    Date of Patent: August 24, 1999
    Assignee: Benninger AG
    Inventors: Guido Bommer, Markus Beerli
  • Patent number: 5694979
    Abstract: A woven cloth inspecting apparatus eliminates the influences of disturbances such as illuminating light and fly. At least two photoreceptor elements are arranged in the direction of the weft yarn of woven cloth. The photoreceptor elements detect different area of the woven cloth and they apply current signals to two respective current-to-voltage converters which convert the current signals into voltage signals which are fed to a difference calculating circuit. The difference calculating circuit calculates the difference between the values of the voltage signals received from the two current-to-voltage converters and supplies the obtained difference signal to a comparator which compares the received difference signal with a reference value preset by two reference value setting circuits. Exceeding the reference value is indicative of a defect in the warp. Alternatively the photoreceptor elements are arranged in the warp direction and detect defects in the weft.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 19, 1996
    Date of Patent: December 9, 1997
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Toyoda Jidoshokki Seisakusho
    Inventor: Masashi Toda
  • Patent number: 5625934
    Abstract: In a reeling machine a multiplicity of yarns are pulled from respective supplies and wound up on a beam and each yarn is associated with a sensor which produces an output whose state indicates if the respective yarn is broken or not present. Each sensor is periodically scanned to read the state of its output and the reeling machine is stopped when one of the scanned outputs corresponds to a broken or not present condition of the respective yarn. An output is simultaneously generated indicating exactly which yarn is broken or not present. The sensor are connected to a matrix and the matrix is scanned to read the sensor outputs.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 1996
    Date of Patent: May 6, 1997
    Assignee: Sucker-Muller-Hacoba GmbH & Co.
    Inventor: Hubert Kremer
  • Patent number: 5617905
    Abstract: A circular loom for the manufacture of tubular fabrics having an annular frame with an upper annular plate and a lower annular plate, both having bearing bores for vertically moving healds (heddles) guiding the warp threads of the hose to be manufactured. Said healds are arranged on the periphery of said frame and are mounted on at least one continuous circular path such that they may be individually vertically displaced. For this purpose, the lower ends of the healds arranged in each circular path have cam following rollers running on a rotary driven cam-like control ring. More than one set of healds (with corresponding rotary driven control rings) along additional circular paths may be used.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 8, 1994
    Date of Patent: April 8, 1997
    Assignee: RMB
    Inventor: Josef Ziegler
  • Patent number: 5575313
    Abstract: In a multi-phase weaving machine, an apparatus (16) for monitoring warp yarn movement (3a, 3b) in particular leno warp yarns. The drawing-off movement or the drawing-off speed of the warp yarns (3a, 3b) can be detected by an electronic sensor (6a, 6b; 6c) so that it can in particular be determined whether the drawing-off movement or the drawing-off speed has a very low or relatively large value. If the value is very low, in particular when the warp yarn is standing still while the weaving process is running, it can be concluded that the warp yarn has broken. If the value of the drawing-off speed lies above a preset threshold value it can be concluded that the warp yarn is being driven in an undesired manner so that an error signal (13) is produced in order to interrupt the weaving process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 11, 1995
    Date of Patent: November 19, 1996
    Assignee: Sulzer Rueti AG
    Inventors: Thomas Weber, Dietmar Markward, Jaques Peulen
  • Patent number: 5551485
    Abstract: A diagnostic device for testing a false warp stop in an industrial loom caused by a failing or offending drop wire. The device provides a connector that is operably engaged with the warp bars of an industrial loom. When a drop wire becomes worn or pliable and bridges the warp bar to stop the loom, the connector assists to create a circuit that includes the affected warp bar, a power source, a rectifier and an indicator device. The indicator device is activated by completion of the circuit and remains actuated even after the loom is restarted. The apparatus is thus effective to help locate a failing drop wire as opposed to a drop wire that has fallen due to a slack or broken warp thread.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 1994
    Date of Patent: September 3, 1996
    Inventor: John V. Faulkner
  • Patent number: 5429157
    Abstract: An elongated blade (20) has a slot (22) for receiving a contact bar (15) and an eyelet (30) at one end for receiving passing yarn (11). The eyelet (30) has a curled lip (34). The upper end of the slot has a slanted, or oblique, edge (23) which forms an angle with each side of the slot (22). A flange which includes an oblique edge flange (24) and side edge flanges (26, 28), extends around the perimeter slot (22) except at the intersection of the oblique edge (23) and the longer side of the slot. In one preferred embodiment of the drop wire (10), the blade is twisted (32) between the slot (22) and the eyelet (30) to position the eyelet (30) and slot (22) 90.degree. with respect to one another. In another embodiment (12), the blade is flat.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 4, 1994
    Date of Patent: July 4, 1995
    Inventor: G. Dale Plemons
  • Patent number: 5388618
    Abstract: A control system for adjusting and/or checking the operational parameters of a weaving machine includes a control unit with a monitor, the control unit including an image memory for storing images of the site and/or type of thread breaks. The images are displayable on the monitor when a thread break occurs, and are associated by the control unit with selection keys which, when actuated, allow data concerning the site and/or the kind of thread break that occurred to be fed into the control unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 8, 1993
    Date of Patent: February 14, 1995
    Assignee: Picanol N.V.
    Inventor: Bernard Decock
  • Patent number: 5365222
    Abstract: A method and detector are provided for accurately and continuously detecting surface roughness or oversize defects on coated wire or cable, such as magnet wire. This is achieved by passing the wire or cable through a die having an opening which is larger than the cross-section of the wire or cable by the size of the surface roughness or defect to be detected. This die is pulled on the wire or cable when engaged by the oversize defect to a spot or position where a sensor is provided to sense the presence of the die and thus of the defect and then produce a suitable alarm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 2, 1993
    Date of Patent: November 15, 1994
    Assignee: Alcatel Canada Wire Inc.
    Inventors: Jean Robinette, Jack Mark, Andre Laramee
  • Patent number: 5313692
    Abstract: A yarn breakage detecting system includes yarn detectors for detecting warp yarns forming a warp and for providing yarn detection signals, and a signal processing unit for counting peaks in the yarn detection signals, representing the warp yarns and for providing a yarn breakage detection signal when the number of peaks is smaller than a predetermined number. The warp yarns are divided into a plurality of groups and the adjacent groups are spaced apart by a predetermined distance greater than the pitches of the warp yarns in the groups by spacers or demarcated by identifiers, and the yarn detectors are respectively assigned to the groups of warp yarns. Since the monitoring range of each yarn detector is relatively narrow, the yarn detector can accurately detect the warp yarns at a high resolution in a relatively short time.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 22, 1993
    Date of Patent: May 24, 1994
    Assignee: Tsudakoma Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Sotoo Mizuuchi, Isao Nishimura
  • Patent number: 5165454
    Abstract: A warp insertion monitoring method and apparatus for positively protecting woven cloth from defects due to warp insertion error or failure. A warp detector is disposed on a loom so as to have a warp presence/absence detection region located at a front or rear side and in the vicinity of a reed which serves for beating a weft inserted through a shedding formed by the upward/downward motion of healed frames against a cloth fell. The presence or absence of abnormalities in respect to the positions at which warps are inserted through the reed is identified on the basis of detection information available from the output of the warp detector. Detection timing for the warp detection information is so established as to fall within a period during which the loom is stopped, so that the presence or absence of errors in respect to the warp insertion can be detected before the loom is restarted.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 15, 1990
    Date of Patent: November 24, 1992
    Assignees: Kabushiki Kaisha Toyoda Jidoshokki Seisakusho, Kabushiki Kaisha Toyota Chuo Kenkyusho
    Inventors: Hiroyuki Kanayama, Yoshikatsu Kisanuki, Kazunori Yoshida
  • Patent number: 5141030
    Abstract: A warp mending device draws a mending yarn unwound from a bobbin to a slot of a drop wire and a mail of a heddle corresponding to a trailing edge and a leading edge of a broken warp so that a loom is started. A positioning device is incorporated in the warp mending device for positioning drawing means relative to the mail of the heddle corresponding to the broken warp in a predetermined positional relationship therebetween when the warp is broken. The warp mending device includes: a yarn guide having a yarn guide line therein for guiding the mending yarn between the drop wire and the heddle corresponding to the broken warp; a nozzle for generating an air current inside the yarn guide line; a yarn leading device for drawing the mending yarn unwound from a bobbin into a slot of a drop wire or a mail of a heddle, whichever is located upstream of the drawing direction, and for leading the thus drawn mending yarn into an inlet of the yarn guide line.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 17, 1991
    Date of Patent: August 25, 1992
    Assignee: Tsudakoma Corp.
    Inventor: Kazuyuki Arakawa
  • Patent number: 5105855
    Abstract: A carriage which is movable into a position over a loom carries a manipulator for drawing a replacement yarn through a reed. A tracing element moves across the width of the warp yarns at a point downstream of the reed to detect a gap in the warp yarns corresponding to the position of a broken yarn. The manipulator moves into alignment with the gap and a guide on the manipulator pivots through the reed to receive an end of the replacement warp yarn. Return pivoting of the guide pulls the replacement warp yarn through the reed and a yarn clamp is activated to faciliatate tieing in of the warp yarn during subsequent operation of the loom.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 8, 1990
    Date of Patent: April 21, 1992
    Assignee: Sulzer Brothers Limited
    Inventor: Angelo Stacher
  • Patent number: 5101865
    Abstract: AN apparatus individually separates a plurality of dropper bars which are suspended from a dropper supporting rod. A nozzle first blows the dropper bars along the dropper supporting rod to a position at which the dropper bars are to be separated. A lifting device lifts the lower end of a forwardmost dropper bar which is to be separated from the remaining dropper bars, and advances the forwardmost dropper bar along the dropper supporting rod. A slicer than moves the lower end of the dropper bar, lifted and advanced by the lifting device, in the direction of the width of the dropper bar. A separating device receives the dropper bar from the slicer and attracts and holds the lower end of the dropper bar with a magnet. The separating device then separates the received dropper bar from the remaining dropper bars. A shutter mechanism operates in an interlocking relation with the separating device to release the upper ends of the dropper bars one by one.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 11, 1990
    Date of Patent: April 7, 1992
    Assignee: CKD Corporation
    Inventor: Tetsuo Okuda
  • Patent number: 5088523
    Abstract: The device for repairing a yarn break includes a folder blade which is to be inserted between the warp yarns adjacent a broken yarn. During horizontal motion, the folder blade has two wings which diverge outwardly for spreading out the warp yarn. The folder blade also has a longitudinal groove to receive a heddle in the narrowest place between the wings. A sensor on one wing first determines the position of the heddle in the warp direction and generates a signal so that the folder blade comes to a stop with the heddle in the groove of the blade. A separate warp yarn can then be threaded into the heddle by drawing-in tubes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 1990
    Date of Patent: February 18, 1992
    Assignee: Sulzer Brothers Limited
    Inventors: Robert Bucher, Umberto Dunki
  • Patent number: 5082030
    Abstract: An apparatus for repairing a yarn break includes a housing which is first positioned roughly by being guided towards the stop motion wire belonging to the broken warp yarn. After the broken warp yarn has been removed, a fresh separate warp yarn is introduced into the stop wire and a heddle by a pair of laterally slotted threading in tubes. In the process, the fresh warp yarn travels from a blowing opening of one tube into a suction opening in the other tube while passing through an opening in the respective stop motion wire or heddle. During this operation, the tubes are moved stepwise in the warp direction of the weaving machine until reaching a guide inserted through the reed and into which the fresh warp yarn is finally threaded.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 1990
    Date of Patent: January 21, 1992
    Assignee: Sulzer Brothers Limited
    Inventor: Robert Bucher
  • Patent number: 5074337
    Abstract: A device for the removal of dust from parts protecting weaving machine components from weaving dust includes a dust screen, a number of freely movable blowing tubes which direct air from their open ends into an area adjacent the dust screen, and blowing devices for feeding air through the tubes. Removed dust is disposed of by a separate device such as a suction nozzle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 4, 1990
    Date of Patent: December 24, 1991
    Assignee: Picanol N.V.
    Inventors: Henry Shaw, Geert Geerardyn, Bernard Vancayzeele
  • Patent number: 5050643
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for automatically mending warp yarn selects broken warp yarns from among a group of the warp yarns at the time of breakage of the warp yarn. The spacings between the reed wires of a reed through which the broken warp yarn is passed or the spacings between the adjoining reed wires are then enlarged. A yarn passing member is then positioned at the reed wires through which the broken warp yarn is passed on the basis of the position of the reed wires having large spacings therebetween. The yarn passing member is then inserted into space of the reed wires through which the broken warp yarn is passed. A mending yarn tied to the broken warp yarn is then passed and guided into corresponding reed wires by the yarn passing member. In such a manner, it is possible to then set the loom to be re-started.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 1990
    Date of Patent: September 24, 1991
    Assignee: Tsudakoma Corp.
    Inventors: Yujiro Takegawa, Souichi Nakai
  • Patent number: 5046535
    Abstract: An apparatus automatically repairing broken warp threads in weaving machines or looms. The apparatus comprises a computerized control system having a memory storing predetermined characteristics for drawing-in of a harness and reeding each one of a plurality of weaving machines. The control system receives information on a row of drop wires which has brought about a stoppage in one of the weaving machines. A detecting device is controlled by the control system, which detecting device determines a numerical position of the fallen drop wire in a row of drop wires which contains the fallen drop wire, and sends information of this position to the computerized control system. A moving reed space counting device also controlled by the control system moves along the reed of the weaving machine and stops directly opposite the reed space at the location of a broken end corresponding to the fallen drop wire, responsive to information received as to the position of the fallen drop wire by the control system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 5, 1989
    Date of Patent: September 10, 1991
    Assignee: Texipat, S. A.
    Inventor: Roberto E. Prat
  • Patent number: 5005503
    Abstract: A textile machine having a multiplicity of yarn manipulating instrumentalities includes a yarn break detector. The specific machine disclosed is a tufting machine having a multiplicity of reciprocable needles threaded with respective yarns supplied from a source and the yarn break detector includes at least one metal washer carried by a respective yarn between the needles and the source. The washers are mounted above a trough having first and second spaced apart strips of electrical conducting members formed in a Vee configuration having a small gap between the plates at the lower apex of the Vee. The plates are connected in an electrical circuit which is maintained open by the gap until a yarn is broken and the washer carried thereon drops into the trough to short the plates together and close the circuit. The circuit includes a relay which energizes an indicator light and deenergizes the tufting machine motor when a yarn is broken.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 12, 1989
    Date of Patent: April 9, 1991
    Assignee: Peerless Carpet Corporation
    Inventors: Alain Trahan, Paul-Andre Grondin, Luc Bilodeau
  • Patent number: 4934413
    Abstract: In a looming system or method, warp yarns are mounted on a loom by the following four steps. At a first step, warp yarns of a full warp beam are drawn through a warp holding unit including a warp dropper unit, a heald unit and a reed. Then, at a second step, the full warp beam is mounted on the loom. At a third step, a warp tension is sensed between the warp beam and the warp holding unit. At a fourth step, the warp holding unit is moved toward the loom and mounted in the loom while rotating the warp beam so as to reduce a deviation of the sensed warp tension from a predetermined standard.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 19, 1989
    Date of Patent: June 19, 1990
    Assignee: Nissan Motor Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Masami Yao
  • Patent number: 4911207
    Abstract: A method for monitoring warp thread breaks on weaving machines includes the steps of locating broken warp threads and storing the number of broken warp threads in a memory as a function of the postions of the breaks.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 2, 1988
    Date of Patent: March 27, 1990
    Assignee: Picanol N. V.
    Inventors: Dirk Gryson, Joos Waelkens, Henry Shaw
  • Patent number: 4905737
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for separating a broken warp thread at the warp stop motion from the warp sheet on a weaving machine in which the warp stop motion includes several rows of drop wires, the method including the step of extracting a loop in the broken warp thread caused by a sag as a result of the corresponding drop wire falling away from the fallen drop wire. The apparatus includes a series of suction or blower nozzles or grippers which are sequentially activated to pass the loop between the adjacent nozzles or grippers toward the side of the warp sheet.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 1988
    Date of Patent: March 6, 1990
    Assignee: Picanol N.V.
    Inventor: Dirk Gryson
  • Patent number: 4898213
    Abstract: A device for mending and trimming broken warp yarn includes a yarn holder mounted on a moving member for holding a free end of a mending yarn tied to a broken warp yarn. When a warp yarn is broken during the operation of the loom, one end of a mending yarn and the broken end of the broken warp yarn extending from the warp beam are tied together, and the other end of the mending yarn is passed through a corresponding heddle and a corresponding gap between the dents of a reed, and then the loom is restarted. A signaling device generates a signal after detecting the arrival of the free end of the mending yarn which was not woven into the cloth after the loom was restarted. The free end of the mending yarn is cut off automatically from the woven cloth by a cutter in accordance with the signal from the signaling device while the loom is in operation. A controller is connected to and controls all of the elements of the mending and trimming device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 28, 1988
    Date of Patent: February 6, 1990
    Assignee: Tsudakoma Corp.
    Inventor: Yujiro Takegawa
  • Patent number: 4872488
    Abstract: A measuring and detecting device for determining the position of a break in a warp thread on a weaving machine. The machine makes possible a determination as to which side of the device the break is situated, what distance from the device the break is situated, and whether a broken warp thread has come free or has become entangled. The device includes thread guides placed at a distance from each other which can be presented against the warp thread, a mechanism for gripping the broken warp thread and drawing it between the thread guides, measuring devices mounted on the thread guides or on the gripping mechanism, and a processing unit for processing data obtained from the measuring devices.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 30, 1988
    Date of Patent: October 10, 1989
    Assignee: Picanol N.V.
    Inventors: Dirk Gryson, Henry Shaw
  • Patent number: 4854351
    Abstract: The contact bar comprises an outer bar having a U-shaped cross-section and a plurality of bar portions located therein and separated therefrom by an insulating layer. The bar portions are insulated against each other by intermediate insulating layers in partition planes extending laterally as well as parallel to the longitudinal edge. The bar portions are produced suitably by a punching out of a bar such that they, when fitted into each other, will supplement themselves again to a bar such that a shorter bar portion cut proceeding from the upper longitudinal edge of a longer bar portion fits into the longer bar portion. The longer bar portion is at the side facing the end of the contact bar, at which only the connecting contact for a power source is located is considerably narrower than at the opposite side where the drop wires will contact the bar portion upon a yarn breakage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 6, 1988
    Date of Patent: August 8, 1989
    Assignee: Grob & Co. Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventor: Ernst Steiner
  • Patent number: 4838320
    Abstract: One of the bars of a contact bar, preferably the inner bar (12) has an electrical resistance which increases linearly along its entire length and which can be scanned as measurable value at any desired point along said bar. A preferable embodiment for this purpose is a metallic conductive spiral (11) which is wound onto a body of insulating material (10). An inner bar (12) configured in such a manner is held in an outer bar (13), the upper part of which is of U-shaped cross section, whereby a layer of insulating material (14) separates said inner bar from said outer bar of U-shaped cross section. The metallic conductive spiral (11) has, compared to a solid bar, a substantially higher electrical resistance which is suited for the purpose of method of measurements according to the principle of the electrical resistance bridge in order to localize a dropped drop wire on the contact bar in the event of a warp end breakage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 18, 1988
    Date of Patent: June 13, 1989
    Assignee: Grob & Co. Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventor: Ernst Steiner
  • Patent number: 4836252
    Abstract: A warp yarn breakage detecting and indicating apparatus capable of stopping the loom upon the detection of the breakage of a warp yarn and indicating the position of the broken warp yarn. The warp yarn breakage detecting and indicating apparatus comprises a stop control circuit for stopping the loom upon the detection of the breakage of a warp yarn, and an indication control circuit for indicating the position of the broken warp yarn, which are connected alternately to the dropper unit of the loom. Thus, the two control circuits are able to operate individually to implement the respective control functions thereof without adversely affecting each other for warp yarn breakage detection and for warp yarn breakage indication.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 20, 1988
    Date of Patent: June 6, 1989
    Assignee: Tsudakoma Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Zenji Tamura, Katsuhiko Sugita
  • Patent number: 4817678
    Abstract: The location of a warp thread break in a weaving loom using electrically conductive drop wires bridging an electrode pair upon occurrence of a warp thread break includes applying opposing known voltages across opposite ends of the electrode pair, establishing current circuits including the voltage sources, the electrode pair and a fallen drop wire, and determining the distance between one end of the electrode pair and the fallen drop wire by calculations using known values corresponding with the voltages and measurements of values corresponding to the current values in the current circuits. A system for carrying out the method includes electrode pairs having a detectible resistance, conductive drop wires, voltage sources connected to the electrode pairs, current detecting/measuring devices, computerized calculating system, warp break location indicators and connecting circuit elements.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 16, 1987
    Date of Patent: April 4, 1989
    Assignee: Picanol N.V.
    Inventor: Stefan Dewaele
  • Patent number: 4805670
    Abstract: Method for detecting the presence or absence of warp threads clinging together, with the characteristic that it consists principally of a combination of: initiating a machine stop when a warp stop signal is received indicating that a contact has been made by a drop wire 9; checking for a fallen drop wire 9A; and, if no fallen drop wire is found, restarting the machine at least once and interpreting a warp stop motion generated upon restart as an indication that the warp threads 2 are clinging together.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 18, 1987
    Date of Patent: February 21, 1989
    Assignee: Picanol N.V.
    Inventor: Henry Shaw
  • Patent number: 4791967
    Abstract: An apparatus for determining the location of a warp thread break in weaving looms using drop wires, including detection devices 6 to identify warp thread breaks, movable drop wire locators 7 to determine the warp thread break locations, switching devices 8 arranged to actuate the drop wire locators 7, causing the drop wire locators to move until a fallen drop wire is encountered, and indicators on the drop wire locators to indicate the position of the drop wire locator along the warp threads.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 13, 1987
    Date of Patent: December 20, 1988
    Assignee: Picanol N.V.
    Inventors: Michel Vandeweghe, Dirk Gryson
  • Patent number: 4716940
    Abstract: The safeguard device has a light beam emitter secured to a pivotal lever for movement between an operative position and a retracted position. In addition, a plate is pivotally mounted relative to the lever to move with the lever. The plate is formed with a recess to expose the light beam when the lever is in an operative position and is otherwise shaped to mask the emitter when the lever is pivoted into a retracted position. Masking of the light beam serves to signal a need for interrupting the operation of the weaving machine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 27, 1987
    Date of Patent: January 5, 1988
    Assignee: Sulzer Brothers Ltd.
    Inventor: Heinz Baumann
  • Patent number: 4574846
    Abstract: The arrangement comprises a two-armed movable lever, which is swivel-supported on the loom and which is held by a warp thread, found in a stretched state and guided through a yarn guiding eyelet on the one movable lever arm, countering the effect of a spring means, which engages on the lever arm that is free of eyelet, and which is in a regulating position, which compensates the alternating tension on the warp thread, with the movable lever closing an electric circuit when brought into signal position as a result of the unstretched or missing warp thread.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 1984
    Date of Patent: March 11, 1986
    Inventor: Franz X. Huemer
  • Patent number: 4522236
    Abstract: The invention relates to a system for electrically monitoring warp yarn ruptures, comprising drop wires which in case of rupture of a warp yarn will fall from the warp yarns on an electrical contact rail. The locating time to determine the precise site of warp yarn rupture is thereby shortened substantially. To achieve this aim, the contact rails are severally divided in the longitudinal direction, that is, in the direction of the weft yarns. Light-emitting diodes are mounted at each of such divisions which they bridge. Those LEDs lighting up in case of warp yarn rupture permit rapidly reading off the narrower range within which a warp yarn rupture has taken place.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 1983
    Date of Patent: June 11, 1985
    Assignee: Lindauer Dornier Gesellschaft mbH
    Inventor: Heinz P. Lohr
  • Patent number: 4448295
    Abstract: A control apparatus for the electromagnetic brake of a brake device or unit of a weaving machine or loom comprises a cam-controlled brake-pulse transmitter rotating with the machine shaft and two continuous signal switching stages which act upon two parallel connected AND-gates or circuits, each having connected thereafter an adjustable or regulatable time-delay element. The latter jointly cooperate with an OR-gate or circuit which delivers a related stop signal to the brake device or unit. In this way it is possible to achieve a simple, precise and reliable regulation of the angular position of the crank, so that the regulatable time-delay between the output pulse of the AND-gate and the output pulse of the time-delay element constitutes a measure for the corresponding angular position of the crank.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 13, 1981
    Date of Patent: May 15, 1984
    Assignee: Aktiengesellschaft Adolf Saurer
    Inventors: Gabriella F. Viniczay, Siegfried Roehrich
  • Patent number: 4412562
    Abstract: A selvage apparatus including a photo-cell type device for detecting abnormal conditions of selvage threads is disclosed. In the detecting device comprising a microprocessor, the number of light interruptions by the selvage threads is counted and compared with a reference number, whereby abnormal conditions are detected on the basis of whether or not the number of light interruptions is less than the reference number.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 14, 1981
    Date of Patent: November 1, 1983
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Toyoda Jidoshokki
    Inventors: Takeshi Kobayashi, Hajime Suzuki
  • Patent number: 4372346
    Abstract: An electrical warp thread-monitoring apparatus for a loom wherein a multiplicity of warp threads each carry a drop wire which, in the presence of thread rupture, connects a pair of current rails which are mutually electrically insulated from one another, and thus, closes an alternating-current circuit. The alternating-current circuit possesses at its input side an alternating-current voltage source which can be connected by means of a bridge rectifier with the current rails. This bridge rectifier or rectifier circuit forms the input of a voltage-dependent pulse converter following which there is connected in circuit a RC-integration stage and a threshold value-switching stage, which also then produce a shutdown or stop signal when the contact locations are contaminated and prevent generation of a shutdown or stop signal when contaminants, leakage currents and dancing drop wires produce short pulses.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 15, 1980
    Date of Patent: February 8, 1983
    Assignee: Aktiengesellschaft Adolph Saurer
    Inventor: Wilhelm Hutter
  • Patent number: 4364247
    Abstract: The yarn condition sensing device is comprised of a plurality of thin flat forks pivoted at one end thereof between a plurality of closely spaced apart plates protruding from one side of a reed. The opposite end of each fork is provided with a yarn guide aperture for sensing a plurality of yarns under tension. A pair of parallel electrical contacts are secured along the top and bottom edges respectively of the reed which will produce a suitable warning or control signal if contacted by the pivoted fork upon variation in the tension of a single yarn. If the tension of a yarn increases undesirably, the fork engaged with said yarn will be pivoted upwardly into engagement with the electrical contact along the top edge of the reed. if a yarn should break, the fork engaged therewith will fall downwardly into engagement with the electrical contact disposed along the bottom edge of said reed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 26, 1980
    Date of Patent: December 21, 1982
    Inventors: Joaquin Muns-Magem, Juan Ibanez-Pi
  • Patent number: 4362190
    Abstract: Disclosed is a method of sensing an abnormality in a weft detecting device which is employed in a loom in order to detect whether a weft is present in a predetermined interval corresponding to a set crank angle range within one revolution of the crank. When the weft detecting device generates a signal in the predetermined crank angle range excluding the weft detection angle range, the signal is regarded as an abnormal signal. The abnormal signal is processed by circuitry to detect the abnormality in the weft detecting device. Thus, when it is impossible to detect a weft insertion error because of some abnormality in the weft detecting device, the presence of the abnormal signal is utilized to issue an alarm or to stop the operation of the loom.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 1980
    Date of Patent: December 7, 1982
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Toyoda Jidoshokki Seisakusho
    Inventor: Akio Arakawa
  • Patent number: 4321951
    Abstract: The warp yarn stop motion is provided with a locating rail which is sub-divided into electrically insulated sections from the U-shaped rail. Each of these sections is electrically connected with pilot lights at the ends of each section. Should a drop wire fall on to a rail section, the pilot lights at the ends of the section are also illuminated so as to define the segment of the weaving width within which a broken warp yarn is located.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 24, 1980
    Date of Patent: March 30, 1982
    Assignee: Sulzer Brothers Ltd.
    Inventor: Otto Hintsch
  • Patent number: 4300599
    Abstract: Loss of tension in individual warp threads is detected in the lease zone by directing a flow of air against one side of the warp threads within the lease zone to displace any relatively untensioned thread toward the opposite side of said zone and detecting such displacement photoelectrically. Preferably, the photoelectric detector is insensitive to disturbances other than thread displacement.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 4, 1980
    Date of Patent: November 17, 1981
    Assignee: Leesona Corporation
    Inventor: Karl W. Wueger
  • Patent number: 4248272
    Abstract: Automatic loom stopping apparatus for detecting yarn breakage or improper shedding defects and generating loom stop signals to be associated with a loom comprising two or three vertically spaced monitoring light beam units forming horizontal transverse light beams perpendicular to the warp yarns spanning the warp yarn path. One of the beams forms a center beam located to pass through the open shed and the other beam or beams located to be interrupted by or both of the shed sheets occupying the upper or lower limit shed positions. Detector signals responsive to interruption of the light beams by yarns are processed and applied to gating circuits and NOR or AND circuits to detect yarn breakage, broken heddles, and other shedding defects.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 25, 1979
    Date of Patent: February 3, 1981
    Assignee: Appalachian Electronic Instruments, Inc.
    Inventors: Marlin V. Wilson, Larry C. Nickell, John L. McCormack
  • Patent number: 4178590
    Abstract: The invention is concerned with an electronic device enabling an operator to easily and correctly adjust the time interval in which the weft insertion in shuttleless looms fitted with an electronic weft or filling thread monitor is to be monitored. A safety interval of some milliseconds' duration is provided at the end of said time interval taking into account the unavoidable fluctuations of the weft insertion period.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 17, 1978
    Date of Patent: December 11, 1979
    Assignee: Gebruder Loepfe AG
    Inventor: Erich Weidmann
  • Patent number: 4177838
    Abstract: Automatic loom stopping apparatus for use with a loom for detecting warp yarn breakage or improper shedding and actuate the loom stop motion means of the loom, comprising light beam emitter and detector means positioned adjacent the warp yarn path toward the supply end from the weaving zone of the loom forming a monitor light beam transversely spanning the open shed, the detector means providing a detector defect signal when any portion of a warp yarn or broken end interrupts the monitor light beam, amplifier and comparator circuitry for producing a processed defect signal responsive to the detector defect signal, timing pulse forming circuitry including a sensor monitoring rotation of the loom drive shaft for producing timing pulses indicating a predetermined phase time in the cycle of operation of the loom applied to a gate control pulse generator to produce short duration window pulses when the shed is in predetermined open condition, and first and second gate circuits conditioned by the window pulses and
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 6, 1978
    Date of Patent: December 11, 1979
    Assignee: Appalachian Electronic Instruments, Inc.
    Inventors: Marlin Van Wilson, Larry C. Nickell, John L. McCormack
  • Patent number: 3989068
    Abstract: An automatic control apparatus for a weaving machine is disclosed, which includes a photoelectric detecting scheme provided at a reed of the machine such that a light beam thereof penetrates the shed of the warp sheet and detects improperly shedded warp. A timing switch is coupled to a crank shaft for generating a timing signal at a predetermined angle of the crank shaft, and delay circuits are provided for delaying the timing signal so as to generate a gate control signal. The leading and/or trailing edges of the gate control signal are defined by the delay circuits and a gate circuit is included which is responsive to the gate control signal for allowing the warp detected signal to be gated. A wave shaping circuit receives the warp detected signal as gated and provides wave shaped signals thereof. A charge storing capacitor is connected to receive wave shaped signal, said the charge voltage thereof is threshold detected to provide a control signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 24, 1975
    Date of Patent: November 2, 1976
    Assignee: Toyo Boseki Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventor: Arao Kakinaka