Abstract: A seat belt webbing has a plurality of warp threads (1, 3), a weft thread (2) which runs from one edge of the seat belt webbing to the other edge, periodically reversing the direction in reversal points and is interwoven with the warp threads (1, 3).The weft thread (2) in the reversal points in an edge portion (B) is folded back forming a loop, and a catch thread (5) which is fed through the loops of the weft thread (2).The catch thread (5) is placed between the warp threads (1, 3) and is covered by the weft thread (2) and/or by the warp threads (1, 3) towards the surface of the seat belt webbing.
February 1, 2011
Date of Patent:
May 7, 2013
Autoliv Development AB
Willibert Welz, Chris van Helvoort, Anita Pool, Simon Valkenburg
Abstract: A method for weaving a webbing, comprising at least one first right-hand weft thread and at least one second left-hand weft thread, characterized in that the two weft threads are introduced into the same shed from both sides of the webbing, are wound around weft thread retainers in weft change loops, are substantially retained by the weft thread retainers until shed change and are then stripped off from the left thread retainers by the reed and after shed change and are bound against the stop.
Abstract: The invention relates to a method for weaving a webbing, comprising at least one first (right-hand) weft thread and at least one second (left-hand) weft thread, characterized in that the two weft threads are introduced into the same shed from both sides of the webbing, are wound around weft thread retainers in weft change loops, are substantially retained by the weft thread retainers until shed change and are then stripped off from the left thread retainers by the reed and after shed change and are bound against the stop.
Abstract: A weaving machine starts-up in slow speed operation during a first weaving cycle following the machine start. To help avoid weft breaks, a method is provided to hold a weft thread inserted into the loom shed during the first weaving cycle. A sensor monitors the weft insertion. The inserted weft thread is held by binding threads at a location downstream from an inlet side of the loom shed, before the weft thread is bound by the warp threads. The binding of the weft thread by the binding threads is carried out dependent on a signal of the sensor.
May 17, 2006
Date of Patent:
January 26, 2010
Lindauer DORNIER Gesellschaft mbH
Valentin Krumm, Wolfgang Metzler, Dieter Teufel
Abstract: Airbag fabric with warp and weft yarns in which at least most of the weft yarns in the fabric comprise at least two contiguous yarns, characterised in that at least one of the contiguous yarns is an intermingled multifilament yarn, some filaments of the multifilament yarn being intermingled with some filaments of the yarns adjacent to it.
Abstract: A woven ribbon, preferably a vehicle safety belt strap, is produced on a needle weaving loom. The weft yarns alternately picked from right and left are crocheted with the respective preceding weft already picked.
Abstract: A weft controlling device for using weft as warp in a strap weaving machine has motors mounted on an assembly board and controlling rods each movably connected to a corresponding one of the motors by a controlling thread and each controlling rod having a weft hole in a distal end thereof so as to allow weft to pass through the weft hole. Springs are each mounted around a corresponding one of the controlling rods to provide a recovery force to the corresponding controlling rod. The movement of the controlling rods by the motors is able to drive the weft to a specific position for selection by the strap weaving machine.
Abstract: A needle loom having a weft yarn selection mechanism for automatic selection of a desired weft yarn from two or more weft yarns for insertion through a shed includes a needle having a yarn carrying end. A guard is located on the needle, with the guard having a closed front end at a position corresponding to the yarn carrying end of the needle, and extending generally along the length of the needle. A space is provided between the guard and the needle which is adapted to receive the two or more weft yarns. A selection mechanism is associated with at least one of the two or more weft yarns.
Abstract: A woven fabric is formed from polypropylene fibers by simply weaving the fabric using polypropylene fibers in both the warp and weft directions. The edges are left frayed and could become unraveled. In order to prevent the fabric from fraying further, particularly during washing, binding fibers are incorporated at least in the weft direction, but only along the edges. The binding fibers are polyester fibers coated with a low-melting-point thermoplastic adhesive. The thermoplastic adhesive is one that melts at a temperature lower than the melting point of the polypropylene fibers. Once these are incorporated into the fabric at the loom, the fabric is placed in an oven and heated to a temperature above the melting point of the thermoplastic adhesive and below the melting point of the polypropylene fibers to cause the thermoplastic adhesive to melt, binding the polypropylene fibers together.
Abstract: In a loom, a carrier drive shaft supporting the carrier at one end horizontally, is vertically mounted on the loom frame, and the carrier drive shaft and a reed drive shaft are linked by a link via a pivotal member. With this arrangement, the carrier drive shaft will not undergo at least vertical vibration so that influence due to vibration of the reed during the inserting of the weft yarn can be reduced to a minimum, thus sharply minimizing chances that the latch needle fails to catch the weft yarn.
Abstract: A multi-layer industrial type woven webbing having a multiple weave construction has at least one warp end of polyamid yarn adjacent both of the selvage edges of both the upper layer of fabric and the lower layer of fabric to provide greater toughness at the edges of the webbing. Further toughness of the edges is provided by additionally adding two or more warp ends of polyamid monofilament at each selvage edge of each fabric layer.
Abstract: A seat belt (safety belt) webbing has lateral stiffness, low longitudinal stiffness, abrasion resistance, and user comfort provided by a soft, round edge of the webbing. In a loom, a pick needle is used to move both a monofilament and multifilament yarn together across the full width of the loom shed. A higher tension is applied to the monofilament yarn so that the monofilament yarn does not protrude beyond the edges of the webbing. In the selvedge (marginal) portions of the web a single ply warp yarn is provided, while in the central portion a double ply warp yarn is provided. The selvedge portions may have a reverse twill weave. Two catchcord yarns, a binder thread and a locking thread, are knit at one edge portion of the webbing.
Abstract: A strip of material, especially for papermaking machine cloth covers for the pressing zone, as a filter or as pressing pad for the particle-board presses, comprises individual, longitudinal threads and orthogonally thereto individual transverse threads. In order to endow the strip with a structure such that on one hand it can be manufactured rapidly and economically, and on the other hand to allow wide latitude in shaping its properties, the threads (1) extending in one direction always consist each of a core filament (2) and of at least one loop thread (3) enclosing this filament.
Abstract: A woven fabric which has been woven on a needle loom wherein the weft loops are secured by a knitted thread construction, the secured weft loops being located in board of the warp thread defining the opposite edge of the fabric to the edge whereat weft insertion has taken place and the knitted thread construction being woven between warp threads positioned adjacent opposite said edge.
Abstract: A knitted selvage is formed along an otherwise woven ribbon by tying off loops of filling thread inserted into successive sheds of warp threads. A primary selvage thread is drawn through each loop of filling thread along with only one of two auxiliary selvage threads, the auxiliary selvage threads being drawn alternately through successive loops with the primary selvage thread.
Abstract: The invention concerns woven straps having transverse contractions, as well as a method and apparatus for their manufacture. Contractions are formed along straps having a continuous unchanging weave and continuous selvedge by altering spacing of warp yarns during weaving. The warp yarns are spaced by a V or fan shaped support which is vertically movable to cause corresponding width variations in the straps.
Abstract: A method and a machine for weaving a ribbon-type fabric in which a first weft-yarn is introduced into the warp shed by a first insertion organ and an auxiliary yarn is inserted into the warp shed by a second insertion organ at the side of the yarn shed where a knitting needle is positioned. A second weft yarn is also introduced into the warp shed at the side of the knitting needle. The needle catches the auxiliary yarn and the insertion organs are moved over the warp yarn shed so that the auxiliary-yarn loops formed run parallel to the weft-yarn loops over at least a part of the width of the warp shed.
Abstract: The strap-like fabric made of interwoven weft and warp yarns has a selvage in the form of knitted stitches. A binding yarn made of a thermoplastic material or covered with an adhesive layer is applied to the cross points of respective loops of the knitted stitches and is united with the cross points by a heat treatment to form firm connection points either by cementing or by welding. The connection points prevent unweaving of the fabric when the weft yarn or the binding yarn accidentally breaks.
Abstract: A ribbon loom for manufacturing a ribbon tape or the like containing warp threads and weft thread loops inserted from one side of a warp shed. A first auxiliary thread is drawn through the weft thread loops and a second auxiliary thread disposed outside of the weft thread loops is knitted with each n-th stitch of the first auxiliary thread in order to secure the same. The ribbon loom comprises a weft thread insertion element, a knitting needle for tying the weft thread loops by means of at least one auxiliary thread and a thread guide for the second auxiliary thread constructed such that for knitting the second auxiliary thread it inserts such second auxiliary thread into said knitting needle, after the knitting needle has drawn a loop of the first auxiliary thread through the weft thread loop.
Abstract: A process for making a woven ribbon having stitched selvages on a ribbon loom by moving a single weft inserting member crosswise in two directions. The weft inserting member inserts a first auxiliary thread along each selvage and alternately drives a second auxiliary thread in the opposite direction outside the selvage.
Abstract: A fabric woven on a needle loom including a cover thread on the woven edge covering the exterior edge of the woven edge warp thread by a serpentine pattern interlocked with the weft loops and a binder thread knitted at the other edge covering the exterior edge of the knitted edge warp thread. Picot loops formed at both edges of the warp extend diagonally therefrom. A plurality of picot loops at the knitted edge include a non-picot weft loop substantially at the center of the plurality to secure the knitted binder thread to the warp edge.
Abstract: Method and device on a loom for the manufacture of a woven fabric, wherein weft thread loops are formed by a weft thread in a shed formed of warp threads. Through feeding the weft thread in within the warp width and out to both sides over the outermost warp threads while forming loops, a woven fabric is obtained with like fabric edges which can no longer be distinguished optically.
Abstract: The ribbon-type fabric is provided with weft-yarn loops inserted at both sides of the run of the warp yarn, the weft-yarn loops being held together at the two edges of the ribbon-type fabric by at least one auxiliary yarn. In order to avoid that the joints of the weft-yarn loops are visible to the exterior, the auxiliary yarn will run parallel to the weft-yarn loops over at least a part of the width of the ribbon-type fabric. The auxiliary yarn is tied-off in itself or by means of an additional auxiliary yarn.
Abstract: The belting has a single layer woven central portion (24) and two tubular edge portions (21, 22) and is made on a needle belt weaving loom provided with a knitting needle (37). The belting serves preferably for safety belts in motor vehicles. One tubular edge portion (22) is closed by a row of stitching (28') whereby the row of stitching does not lie at the outer edge of the tubular edge portion (22) but should disappear into the fabric at the edge of the central portion (24). By means of the invention the rate of production should be increased, which results from manufacture with two simultaneously moving weft thread insertion needles (30, 34) which simultaneously at each pick insert two weft threads (31, 35). To anchor one weft thread at the outer edges of the edge parts a common shed for both weft thread insertion needles is formed at least on the insertion side by the two outer edge warp threads (1a, 2a).
Abstract: A ribbon fabric, a method for manufacturing the same and a ribbon loom for carrying out the aforesaid method, wherein the ribbon fabric or tape has weft thread loops inserted from one side of the warp shed therethrough. At the other side of the warp shed a first auxiliary thread is drawn through the weft thread loops, and a second auxiliary thread, located outside of the weft thread loops is knitted with each n-th stitch of the first auxiliary thread for securing the latter.
Abstract: A belting with a single-layer central portion and two tubular edge portions is made on a needle ribbon weaving machine with one of the tubular edge portions woven as a single layer and then closed to form the tubular edge portion by exerting a pull on the weft thread; a knitting course maintains the tubular edge portion closed along its joint by means of a tuck thread and/or an interlocking thread which is buried in the fabric by feeding a greater length of tuck thread in the knitting course than usual or by laying in the interlocking thread into the head of the knitting needle from vertically above the knitting needle.
April 25, 1978
Date of Patent:
November 20, 1979
Johann Berger, Josef Berger
Johann Berger, Josef Berger, Konstantin Papageorgion
Abstract: A shuttleless weaving machine, especially a ribbon loom, comprising at least one filling thread-insertion element and at least one to-and-fro driven knitting needle moving along the selvage or cloth edge which is situated opposite the filling thread-insertion element for the formation of a knitted edge by tying the inserted filling threads and/or auxiliary threads. There is further provided a deflection element operatively associated with the knitting needle for the introduction of filling threads or auxiliary threads, respectively, into the knitting region or zone of a hook of the knitting needle. The deflection element is driven so as to move back-and-forth and by means of an actuation element driven in cycle with the machine can be brought, transversely to its direction of movement, from a rest position into a knitting position where the deflection element deflects filling thread or auxiliary thread, respectively, to the knitting region of the knitting needle hook.
Abstract: Method and apparatus for producing a narrow fabric, such as for example curtain heading tapes and in which one weft is of relatively stiff form and a second weft has a high coefficient of friction relative to that of the stiff weft, and wherein the stiff weft is inserted only in curtain warp sheds and the second weft is inserted only in other warp sheds.
March 20, 1975
Date of Patent:
February 15, 1977
Thomas French & Sons Limited
John Sellers, Mary Griffiths, Thomas Harry Dyer