Abstract: Provided is a material to be worked in face driving, which can facilitate making a face driver hold the material and can prevent a slide in the rotating direction between the face driver and the material, and a method for working the material. The material is to be worked with one end surface thereof held by the face driver having a center pin and a plurality of driving claws arranged around the center pin. A center hole into which the center pin is fit is formed on the one end surface. A recess or a protrusion existing in every phase in a circumferential direction around the center hole is formed on the one end surface. The recess or the protrusion is arranged within an area of the one end surface in a radial direction of the one end surface, into which the driving claws are driven.
Abstract: A drive center constituting a machine tool accessory being used on a lathe for holding workpieces that are mounted between the headstock and the tailstock (between centers). The drive center includes a head having an adjustable spring-loaded center point and a number of removable, adjustable spurs that are capable of penetrating a workpiece sufficiently to provide torque for the turning process. The head is attached to a shank with a standard taper to fit the spindle of a lathe. A cylindrical guard is supported coaxially by the external surface of the head so that the guard radially encircles the head and the spurs but is able to slide axially and rotationally with respect to the head. A spring causes the guard to extend axially beyond the spurs except when pushed back by the workpiece.
Abstract: A steady rest for use on a lathe is formed of a tailstock for mounting on an arbor and including a pair of diametrically opposed channels formed in the tailstock wherein each channel extends a pair of struts each slidably mounted within a different one of said channels, respectively, and securable within the channel to lock the respective strut in position, the struts extending from said tail stock toward the workpiece at an angle with respect to a rotary axis of the workpiece being machined. A pair of wheels each journaled on a different one of said struts are provided for contacting said workpiece.
Abstract: A way of making small, fragile, decorative handles on a lathe is disclosed along with tools for gluing pen-tubes into these handles is shown. Use of these tools and methods of use allows wood turners to avoid excessive rework and mess associated with the gluing process of making pen blanks while assuring better product due to more complete and uniform distribution of the adhesive layer.
Abstract: A method of and apparatus for positioning and supporting any of several different elongated workpieces of circular, substantially square, or substantially non-square rectangular cross-sectional configuration so that a central workpiece axis is located along the same axis for any one of said workpieces includes a tailstock fixture for supporting one end of the workpiece which includes a frustoconical cavity that extends coaxial with the axis for receiving the one end of the workpiece, and a headstock fixture for supporting a second end of the workpiece opposite the first end which includes a generally cylindrical cavity extending coaxial with the axis and four equiangularly spaced workpiece engaging blades within the cylindrical cavity for engaging and supporting the second workpiece end.
Abstract: A versatile lathe chuck characterized by a chuck body threaded on the inside for attachment to a lathe spindle and to receive at its work-turning end a variety of fittings and further characterized by a jam or locking screw which threads into the inside of the chuck to lock the insert in place.
Abstract: A face-driver assembly and method for accurate coupling of a face driver with the spindle of a rotary-drive machining device. The assembly includes a face driver, a hub on the spindle defining a prealignment bore, a pair of self-centering coacting tooth sets on the hub and face driver, an engagement post extending into the hub and forming a prealignment shaft closely complementary to the prealignment bore, and a releasable coupling to hold and draw the engagement post rearwardly and thereby join the tooth sets in a manner facilitating final accurate centering.
Abstract: The invention relates to a high-precision revolving center (10) for machine tools. Prestressed bearings 40 and 45 are brought into abutment on the one hand against internal 33 and external 25 cylindrical surfaces whose deviation, at any point on the surface, with respect to the theoretical surfaces centered on the axis, is less than 1 .mu.m, and on the other hand against reference surfaces 26 and 34 perpendicular to the axis. Threaded elements 50, 55 enable the bearings 40, 45 to be stressed. Once the center 10 has been assembled and the bearings stressed, the revolving center is mounted on a grinder in order to give a precision finish to the tip 90, the concentricity reference surface 91 and the perpendicularity reference surface 92.
Abstract: A faceplate for lathes and the like is fabricated of a polymeric material and having a body with a cylindrical surface of substantial depth and indicia marks on the cylindrical surface. The body is turnable just like workpieces on the lathe. The faceplate has a planar front face which is turnable to provide recesses for chucking a workpiece. In one embodiment designed to employ fasteners such as screws to hold the workpiece in place, the body is of one color and the fasteners are located in inserts of contrasting color. The faceplate is intended to be turned. If any chips of the contrasting color appear, the user knows instantly that further turning will cause the chisel to strike the fasteners.
Abstract: To allow a lathe to turn the photoreceptor drums, charge rollers and developer brushes of printers, copiers, and facsimile machines, a unitary component adapts the object so it can be held on the lathe and drives the object. The adapting portion includes a flexible material such as a hose or o-ring to snugly receive the end extension of the drum, roller or brush. The drive portion connects with the drive bolt of the lathe and spins the object. In a second embodiment, the drive and adapter portions are separate components. A bore in the drive bushing is lined with a short piece of hose or one or more o-rings and snugly receives a protrusion from the adapter unit. A third embodiment replaces the drive bushing with tail stock forced against the adapter unit by the drive bolt of the lathe. A bore in the adapter unit lined with a flexible hose or o-ring snugly receives the end of the tail stock.
Abstract: A live center adapter assembly is made up of an elongated housing, a center adapter inserted into the end of the housing with a recess in the adapter having a rearwardly tapered inner wall for insertion of a center therein. Axially spaced needle bearings support the adapter and center for rotation within the housing, and a bore through one end of the housing permits insertion either of a punch for displacing the center from the adapter or a crank for the purpose of manually rotating the adapter and center.
Abstract: Components are disclosed which allow a powerful, variable speed lathe to turn the photoreceptor drums, charge rollers and developer brushes of printers, copiers, and facsimile machines. In one embodiment, adapter units fit over the cylindrical extensions on the ends of the drum. Two pieces of opposing tail stock support and hold the drum on the lathe by applying pressure against the adapter units. A drive bushing is attached to and rotates with the drive bolt of the lathe. The drive bushing has one or more drive pins which interact with the spoke-like members on the drum to turn or spin the drum and allow it to be cleaned, polished, coated or otherwise treated. In a second embodiment, a short length of hose is used to connect the adapter unit with the charge roller or developer brush. The drive pin of the drive bushing is received in a hole on the surface of the adapter unit facing the drive bushing. The roller or brush is turned on the lathe by having the drive bushing turn the adapter unit.
Abstract: A face driving center assembly adapted for use in a lathe includes a shank adapted to be secured to the lathe for rotation therewith. In a first embodiment, a face driver is directly connected to the shank for rotation therewith. The face driver has a forward surface which is provided with a plurality of workpiece-engaging teeth. A center is slidably mounted in aligned bores formed through the shank and the face driver. The center is spring biased forwardly to engage and guide the workpiece as it is installed in the lathe. The teeth driving engage a flat end surface of the workpiece to be machined so as to cause the workpiece to rotate with the assembly during use. A pin disposed in a transverse bore formed in the face driver cooperates with a slot formed in the outer surface of the center to limit the sliding movement thereof. In a second embodiment, the face driver is connected to the shank through a universal joint structure.
Abstract: A chuck having first and second ends is provided with releasably fastening means at the first end for connection to a veneer lathe. The second end includes a plurality of blades extending from the longitudinal axis to the outer periphery. The backside includes an angled inward portion adjacent the outer edge for aiding the entry into a log. The leading edge includes an outwardly rounded portion adjacent the outer edge and the outer edge is outwardly rounded. The rounded portion and rounded outer edge tend to more firmly grip the ends of a log. The blades may be curved, straight or wave shaped.
Abstract: A work holding assembly for performing turning operations on a lathe and its method of use, the assembly having a faceplate member detachable from a hub member, where the hub member is attached to the spindle of the lathe and the wooden workpiece is attached to the faceplate member. The faceplate member is detachable from the hub member without removing the workpiece from the faceplate member or removing the hub member from the lathe. The hub member is adapted to receive any of a number of similar faceplates. Further, the faceplate member is attachable to any of a number of different hub members, each hub member being adapted to fit onto a different size or shape lathe spindle.
Abstract: A spider fixture provides a rotatable connection between a workpiece and a lathe. The spider fixture has a tapered shaft adapted to be inserted and secured to the tail stock of the lathe and rotatably mounted to the remainder of the spider. In addition the portion of the spider fixture that is rotatably mounted to the tapered shaft has adjustable holding pieces that extend radially from the spider to secure the spider to the inner shell of the workpiece.
October 1, 1990
Date of Patent:
December 3, 1991
The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Navy
Abstract: A tailstock assembly for a wood-turning lathe which facilitates the drilling of deep bores into long slender wooden workpieces. The tailstock includes a chuck grasping the tail end of the workpiece, said chuck having an axial center bore therethrough providing a guide for a drill inserted therein to make the bore.
Abstract: A center for maintaining a cutting tool, such as a tapping tool or reamer, in axial alignment with a hole to be worked upon includes an elongated body and a centering pin received by a cavity defined in the body for movement between retracted and extended positions. A spring is interposed between the body and the centering pin for biasing the pin from the retracted position to the extended position, and the pin includes an accessible handle which projects through a slot provided in the body. The handle can be manipulated into a position within the slot for releasably locking the centering pin in a retracted position. For mounting the center within a machine tool, the body includes an end portion including a plurality of alternatively-sized cylindrical sections arranged axially along the body so that the body can be mounted within collets of alternative sizes. Moreover, the centering pin includes a live end for engaging the cutting tool when rotating to thereby reduce wear on the pin.
Abstract: A four-bladed chuck for attachment to a drive spindle of a veneer lathe. The blades include a first flat side for providing a driving area and a second side in a plane perpendicular to the first side of an adjacent blade. The bottom of the second side extends outwardly from the chuck at the outside of the chuck providing an uprise at the outside of the chuck for holding an end of the log for reducing splitting of the log end and holding a split log together. The plane of the second side is approximately 15 degrees relative to the longitudinal axis for reducing splitting. The blades in the uprise are shaped and formed by circular end mill cutter or by casting.
Abstract: An improved centering system for turning lathes consisting of a conical device milled with four grooves, equally spaced, to accept corners of square stock to be turned which will provide for concentric turnings. The centering fixture is improved in that it receives the corners rather than the sides of widely varying stock to assure that the center will be obtained.
Abstract: An improved apparatus and method for locating the center of the ends of wood stock for use such as in a wood turning operation. The apparatus includes an adjustable fence and stop member, with the apparatus adapted to be mounted on a band saw or other machine tool. An additional feature includes improved adapters for use with a live lathe center in a wood turning operation. The present invention results in safer operation and also provides a substantial reduction in the time and labor required to center the ends of a piece of wood stock.
Abstract: A lathe for peeling logs to produce veneer for making plywood or the like. The lathe includes sets of inner and outer dogs supporting each end of a log being peeled. A reciprocating-pressure bar or roller is included for engaging the peeled veneer adjacent to the knives. The lathe is operated by a programmed controller. The radius of each log being peeled is determined by the controller based on the position of the pressure bar or roller after round up of the log. When the radius of the log is greater than a preprogrammed value, the log core is released from the lathe after peeling to the diameter of the outer dogs. When the radius of the log is less than the preprogrammed value, the log core is released from the lathe after peeling to the diameter of the inner dogs. The controller automatically determines to which core diamter each log is to be peeled.
Abstract: The apparatus allows logs to be peeled to smaller cores so as to increase veneer recovery, especially in operations where logs of ten inches or smaller prevail. The apparatus includes concentric dogs which embed in the ends of logs during peeling. The outer dog is retractable and the inner dog has a reduced shank portion which projects from an enlarged basal portion. The outer dog has a reduced diameter bore which supportingly engages the shank of the inner dog to give added strength and allow ultimate reduction in the diameter of the inner dog shank.
Abstract: A multipurpose material working tool includes a frame on which is mounted a headstock having a spindle extending axially therefrom which is adapted to receive various rotary tools and a radial trolley adapted to move on ways toward and away from the headstock. The radial trolley is equipped with a tail stock to be used in conjunction with a face plate or headstock spur center attached to the spindle and can also be equipped with various radial tools for performing work on materials located either on the bed of the trolley or in movable radial support stands attached to the frame. The multipurpose material working tool can also include a band saw secured to the frame at a position adjacent to the work headstock and which is adapted to be driven by the same motor as that which drives the work headstock.
Abstract: An apparatus is disclosed for peeling logs to produce veneer sheet. The apparatus utilizes concentric spindles and dogs to grip the ends of the logs being peeled with the outer spindle and dog being retractable away from the ends of the logs after the outer portion of the log has been peeled. The innermost dog gripping each end of the log is smaller in diameter than the spindle on which it is mounted so that a greater percentage of the log can be peeled by the apparatus. The apparatus is particularly useful for increasing the percentage of veneer sheet obtained by peeling small logs, i.e., logs having a diameter of ten inches or less.
Abstract: A lathe work center device centers a workpiece about an axis of rotation on a lathe. The lathe has two tool centers with at least one tool center being driven and both tool centers coaxially positioned about the axis of rotation. The work center device includes a substantially flat main ring portion having an outer periphery. A plurality of spurs integral with the main ring portion project toward and are embedded within the workpiece. The spurs are positioned on a side of the ring portion that is adjacent to the workpiece, proximate the outer periphery. A centering portion integral with the main ring portion projects outwardly therefrom on a side of the main ring portion opposite the spurs. Preferably, the centering portion has a frusto conical configuration and engages the tip of a tool center, locating the workpiece about the axis of rotation. A plurality of lugs proximate the outer periphery engage cooperating slots in the driven tool center for rotating the workpiece.
Abstract: An improved chuck assembly for use in a veneer peeling lathe has retractable chuck pairs comprised of inner and outer rotatable chucks. At least one of the smaller inner chucks has a plurality of relatively chisel-like teeth extending outwardly from the base in a star pattern. At least one of the larger outer chucks has a plurality of thin chisel-like teeth extending outwardly from the circumferential edge of a body member. An improved means for removably attaching the large chuck to its spindle is provided.
July 3, 1980
Date of Patent:
August 3, 1982
Robert H. Lichtenwalter, Darrell E. Pierson
Abstract: This invention relates to a chuck assembly for use with veneer lathes. In veneer lathes, a log is rotated against a blade for stripping a thin sheet of wood called veneer. Rotation of the log against the blade is compelled by paired chuck assemblies at opposite ends of the log. Each chuck assembly includes a spindle adapter and a chuck, both for driving rotation about the axis of rotation of the log. An improved driving interface between the spindle adapter and chuck is disclosed, extending along a plane normal to the axis of rotation. The chuck has a driving interface along a plane normal to the axis of rotation. This chuck driving interface defines keys, which keys preferably extend radially from the axis of rotation and protrude outwardly interrupting the plane of the driving interface. The spindle adapter has a complementary driving interface along a similar plane normal to the axis of rotation.
Abstract: A chuck assembly for attachment to a drive spindle of a veneer lathe including a drive adapter and a chuck. The drive adapter includes a connection for attachment to the drive spindle and a driving head for attachment to the chuck. The chuck includes first and second ends with the first end having a recess sized and shaped to fit over the driving head of the drive adapter. Releasable fastening means extends between the first end of the chuck and the driving head through the side of the chuck for releasably fastening the chuck to the driving head for allowing easy replacement of the chuck head.
Abstract: This invention pertains to a replaceable flinger for use with live centers. This flinger is placed as an auxiliary member on the hardened center. In addition to having a forward flinger adapted to withstand the abrasive action of chips, abrasive particles and the like, there is also a land portion on its rear on which the engaging lip of a grease or oil seal rides. When the center is to be reconditioned due to damage to the forward portion of the flinger or because of excessive wear to the seal engaging surface of the flinger, only the grease seal and the flinger need be replaced. This reconditioning does not require the replacement of the hardened center member.