Forging Patents (Class 148/649)
  • Patent number: 9617630
    Abstract: A high-strength galvanized steel sheet having excellent formability and crashworthiness, including a component composition containing 0.03% to 0.13% C, 1.0% to 2.0% Si, 2.4% to 3.5% Mn, 0.001% to 0.05% P, 0.0001% to 0.01% S, 0.001% to 0.1% Al, 0.0005% to 0.01% N, and 0.0003% to 0.01% B on a mass basis, the remainder being Fe and unavoidable impurities, and a microstructure containing a tempered martensitic phase and a bainitic phase such that the sum of an area fraction of the tempered martensitic phase and an area fraction of the bainitic phase is 30% or more (the area fraction of the martensitic phase is 30% or more in the absence of the bainitic phase), wherein a distance of closest approach of the tempered martensitic phase is 10 ?m or less and the contents of C, Mn, and B satisfy (1): (% Mn)+1000×(% B)?35×(% C)??(1).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 11, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 11, 2017
    Assignee: JFE Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Shinjiro Kaneko, Tatsuya Nakagaito, Hiroshi Hasegawa, Yasunobu Nagataki
  • Patent number: 9440693
    Abstract: A method of producing a forged steel part is disclosed. The method includes providing a steel billet that can be selectively hardened to different hardness levels by varying the air cooling rate. The method also includes heating the steel billet to an austenization temperature of the steel billet. The method further includes hot forging the steel billet to form the steel part including a first region and a second region. The method yet further includes selectively cooling the hot forged steel part by air cooling the first region at a first cooling rate and air cooling the second region at a second cooling rate that is less than the first cooling rate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 20, 2014
    Date of Patent: September 13, 2016
    Assignee: Caterpillar Inc.
    Inventors: Tianjun Liu, Matthew Thomas Kiser
  • Patent number: 9290217
    Abstract: A track link for a ground-engaging track includes an elongate link body having a lower hardness material forming a lower mounting surface for mounting a track shoe, and a sacrificial higher hardness material forming an upper rail surface for contacting rotatable track engaging elements. The lower hardness and higher hardness materials transition at a material interface within the elongate link body, and the material interface is longitudinally non-uniform, such that the sacrificial higher hardness material has a varying depth from the upper rail surface to retard scalloping.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 2, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 22, 2016
    Assignee: Caterpillar Inc.
    Inventors: Kevin Lee Steiner, Timothy Arthur Thorson, Mark Steven Diekevers, Caroline Marie Brewer, Gregory J. Kaufmann, Temitope Olayemi Akinlua
  • Patent number: 9145910
    Abstract: A high strength screw (2), especially an ultra high strength screw (2) having a tensile strength Rm of at least 1400 N/mm2, having a bainite structure has a yield ratio of at least 0.95. The screw (2) belongs to the new strength classes 14.10, 15.10, 16.10 or 17.10. The high yield ratio is realized by heat treatment of the screw (2).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 16, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 29, 2015
    Assignee: KAMAX HOLDING GMBH & CO. KG
    Inventors: Horst Dieterle, Uwe Merschrod
  • Publication number: 20150144233
    Abstract: Provided is a mold steel for plastic injection that is excellent in fatigue strength and tensile strength and available for long term use, where the mold steel includes: 0.15 to 0.40 wt. % of carbon (C), 0.15 to 0.50 wt. % of silicon (Si), 0.70 to 1.50 wt. % of manganese (Mn), 0.50 to 1.20 wt. % of nickel (Ni), 1.50 to 2.50 wt. % of chrome (Cr), 0.25 to 0.70 wt. % of molybdenum (Mo), 0.20 wt. % or less of vanadium (V), 0.010 wt. % or less of boron (B), and a trace of iron (Fe) and a plurality of impurities.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 26, 2014
    Publication date: May 28, 2015
    Applicant: DOOSAN HEAVY INDUSTRIES & CONSTRUCTION CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Young Chul PARK, Soo Mok LEE, Myeong Su JANG, Jei Yeong JEON
  • Patent number: 8999078
    Abstract: A forging heat resistant steel of an embodiment contains in percent by mass C: 0.05-0.2, Si: 0.01-0.1, Mn: 0.01-0.15, Ni: 0.05-1, Cr: 8 or more and less than 10, Mo: 0.05-1, V: 0.05-0.3, Co: 1-5, W: 1-2.2, N: 0.01 or more and less than 0.015, Nb: 0.01-0.15, B: 0.003-0.03, and a remainder comprising Fe and unavoidable impurities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignees: Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba, The Japan Steel Works, Ltd.
    Inventors: Masayuki Yamada, Reki Takaku, Haruki Ohnishi, Kenichi Okuno, Kenichi Imai, Kazuhiro Miki, Tsukasa Azuma, Satoru Ohsaki
  • Patent number: 8992697
    Abstract: A high strength press-formed member includes a steel sheet constituting the member including a composition including by mass %, C: 0.12% to 0.69%, Si: 3.0% or less, Mn: 0.5% to 3.0%, P: 0.1% or less, S: 0.07% or less, Al: 3.0% or less, N: 0.010% or less, Si+Al: at least 0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2015
    Assignee: JFE Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Hiroshi Matsuda, Yoshimasa Funakawa, Yasushi Tanaka
  • Patent number: 8968496
    Abstract: In a press-hardening plant, a contact-cooling press (12) is provided between the furnace (11) and the press-hardening press (13). Preselected parts of the blank (18) are contact-cooled such that corresponding parts of the finished product are softer and display a lower yield point.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 17, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: Gestamp Hardtech AB
    Inventors: Jan Larsson, Paul Akerstrom, Daniel Berglund
  • Patent number: 8920582
    Abstract: A steel material which is suitable for hot press working or hot three-dimensional bending and direct quench and which can be used to manufacture a high-strength formed article with sufficient quench hardening even by short time heating at a low temperature has a chemical composition comprising, in mass percent, C: 0.05-0.35%, Si: at most 0.5%, Mn: 0.5-2.5%, P: at most 0.03%, S: at most 0.01%, sol. Al: at most 0.1%, N: at most 0.01%, and optionally at least one element selected from the group consisting of B: 0.0001-0.005%, Ti: 0.01-0.1%, Cr: 0.18-0.5%, Nb: 0.03-0.1%, Ni: 0.18-1.0%, and Mo: 0.03-0.5% and has a steel structure in which the spheroidization ratio of carbides is 0.60-0.90.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 22, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Assignee: Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal Corporation
    Inventors: Kazuo Hikita, Nobusato Kojima
  • Patent number: 8920296
    Abstract: A forged roll for use, inter alia, in the cold rolling industry and a method of producing a forged roll as described. The roll has a steel composition, by weight, with 0.8 to less than 1% C, 0.2 to 0.5% Mn, 0.2 to 2.0% Si, 7.0 to 13.0% Cr, 0.6 to 1.6% Mo, more than 1.0 to 3.0% V, the remainder being Fe and impurities. The steel is tempered martensite with retained austenite at less than 5% per volume with eutectic carbides of less than 5% by volume, a hardness between 780-840 HV, and internal compressive stresses of between ?300 to ?500 MPa.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Assignee: Åkers AB
    Inventors: Claude Gaspard, Catherine Vergne, Daniel Batazzi
  • Publication number: 20140345756
    Abstract: A reduced nickel-chromium alloy component having by weight about 0.38% to about 0.43% C, about 0.15% to about 0.30% Si, about 1.00% to about 1.25% Mn, about 0.75% to about 0.90% Ni, about 1.00% to about 1.30% Cr, about 0.25% to about 0.35% Mo, about 0.05% to about 0.12% V, up to about 0.015% S, up to about 0.015% P, up to about 0.15% Cu, and balance iron and incidental impurities. The component has a hardenability corresponding to an ideal diameter of greater than about 10 inches.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 21, 2013
    Publication date: November 27, 2014
    Applicant: GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY
    Inventors: Jeremy RIDGE, Ted F. MAJKA, John Randolph WOOD
  • Publication number: 20140283960
    Abstract: A method of producing a forged steel part is disclosed to include providing a steel billet having a composition including 0.25-0.40 wt. % C, 1.50-3.00 wt. % Mn, 0.30-2.00 wt. % Si, 0.00-0.150 wt. % V, 0.02-0.06 wt. % Ti, 0.010-0.04 wt. % S, 0.0050-0.0150 wt. % N, 0.00-1.00 wt. % Cr, 0.00-0.30 wt. % Mo, 0.00-0.003 wt. % B, and a balance of Fe and incidental impurities. The method may further include heating the steel billet to an austenization temperature of approximately 1150 degrees C. to 1350 degrees C., hot forging the steel billet to form the steel part, and controlled air cooling the forged steel part after the hot forging. The method may still further include induction heating select portions of the forged steel part after the controlled air cooling to increase the hardness of the select portions of the forged steel part, followed by quenching and tempering before the final machining.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 22, 2013
    Publication date: September 25, 2014
    Applicant: Caterpillar Inc.
    Inventors: Tianjun LIU, Matthew Thomas KISER
  • Patent number: 8778101
    Abstract: According to the method of production of a steel sheet pressed part with locally modified properties, the steel sheet blank is first heated in a device for heating to the austenitic temperature of the material. Next, the steel sheet blank is converted in a tool for deep drawing by deformation into a final drawn part. Subsequently, the final drawn part is cooled inside the tool for deep drawing. Various locations of the final drawn part are cooled to various temperatures and/or at various rates during the cooling process. Thereafter, the drawn part is placed in an annealing device, where retained austenite stabilization occurs by diffusion-based carbon partitioning within the material from which the drawn part is made. After stabilization, the final drawn part is removed from the annealing device and air cooled to ambient temperature.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 3, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 15, 2014
    Assignee: Zapadoceska Univerzita V Plzni
    Inventors: Bohuslav Maśek, Hana Jirková, Ludmila Kuĉerová, Andrea Rone{grave over (s)}ová, Stépàn Jeniĉek
  • Publication number: 20140182752
    Abstract: Disclosed is an alloy steel for hot forging and a heat treatment method thereof, more particularly, an alloy steel for hot forging and a heat treatment method thereof, which includes iron as a base material, and about 0.08 to 0.13% by weight of carbon (C), about 1.3 to 1.5% by weight of manganese (Mn), and about 0.1 to 0.3% by weight of molybdenum (Mo), based on a total weight of the alloy steel. As such, a tempering process can be omitted to reduce process costs, while still providing excellent strength and toughness as compared to the alloy steel in the related art.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 8, 2013
    Publication date: July 3, 2014
    Inventor: Jae-Hee Lee
  • Patent number: 8702879
    Abstract: A method of producing a martensitic steel including a content of other metals such that it can be hardened by intermetallic compound and carbide precipitation, with an Al content of between 0.4% and 3%. The heat shaping temperature of a last heat shaping pass of the steel is lower than the solubility temperature of aluminum nitrides in the steel, and a treatment temperature for each potential heat treatment after the last heat shaping pass is lower than the solid-state solubility temperature of the aluminum nitrides in the steel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 2, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 22, 2014
    Assignees: SNECMA, Aubert & Duval
    Inventors: Laurent Ferrer, Philippe Heritier
  • Patent number: 8685177
    Abstract: The invention relates to a crankshaft member having high fatigue strength and good bending correctability, and its method of manufacture. The steel made crankshaft member mainly consists of a two-phase structure of ferrite and perlite. The steel includes C, Ni, Mn, and Cr as required elements and Si, Cu, Mo, Ti, V, Nb, Ca, and S as optional elements that may be included, in the amounts of C within the range of 0.20 to 0.50 wt %, Si within the range of 0 to 0.6 wt %, Mn within the range of 0.5 to 1.5 wt %, Cu within the range of 0 to 0.7 wt %, Ni within the range of 0.05 to 1.5 wt %, Cr within the range of 0.05 to 0.45 wt %, and Mo within the range of 0 to 0.5 wt % to satisfy the condition 115?70C+8Si+23Mn+11Cu+128Cr+83Mo?50. A portion of the member surface is provided at least with a hard nitride layer having an average hardness within the range of 300 to 450 HV. Lamellar spacing of the perlite is 0.3 ?m or less.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 1, 2014
    Assignees: Honda Motor Co., Ltd., Daido Steel Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Isamu Saito, Yoshihiro Takitani, Shinichiro Kato, Makoto Hobo, Keiichiro Kamiya, Takahiro Miyazaki, Takashi Kano
  • Patent number: 8628630
    Abstract: A hot-pressed steel sheet member has a composition containing, by mass, C: 0.09% to 0.38%, Si: 0.05% to 2.0%, Mn: 0.5% to 3.0%, P: 0.05% or less, S: 0.05% or less, Al: 0.005% to 0.1%, N: 0.01% or less, Sb: 0.002% to 0.03%, and the balance being Fe and inevitable impurities, and having a tensile strength TS of 980 to 2,130 MPa.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 19, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 14, 2014
    Assignee: JFE Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Akio Kobayashi, Yoshimasa Funakawa, Kazuhiro Seto, Nobuyuki Kageyama, Tetsuo Yamamoto, Toru Hoshi, Takeshi Yokota
  • Patent number: 8613818
    Abstract: Methods of refining the grain size of titanium and titanium alloys include thermally managed high strain rate multi-axis forging. A high strain rate adiabatically heats an internal region of the workpiece during forging, and a thermal management system is used to heat an external surface region to the workpiece forging temperature, while the internal region is allowed to cool to the workpiece forging temperature. A further method includes multiple upset and draw forging titanium or a titanium alloy using a strain rate less than is used in conventional open die forging of titanium and titanium alloys. Incremental workpiece rotation and draw forging causes severe plastic deformation and grain refinement in the titanium or titanium alloy forging.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 15, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 24, 2013
    Assignee: ATI Properties, Inc.
    Inventors: Robin M. Forbes Jones, John V. Mantione, Urban J. De Souza, Jean-Philippe Thomas, Ramesh S. Minisandram, Richard L. Kennedy, R. Mark Davis
  • Patent number: 8535606
    Abstract: Disclosed are corrosion resistant, non-magnetic austenitic stainless steels containing alloying elements molybdenum, nickel, and copper and further containing small quantities of an additional element selected from the group consisting of a rare-earth element, calcium, cobalt, iridium, osmium, rhenium, rhodium, ruthenium, silver, and a combination thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 9, 2009
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2013
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventor: Hendrik John
  • Patent number: 8518195
    Abstract: The microstructure of a low alloy steel workpiece for cold forming may be beneficially modified by heating the workpiece to a temperature just above its austenite transformation temperature (Ac3 temperature). The steel workpiece is then cooled just below its Ac3 temperature to promote ferrite formation on and between the austenite grains. Heating and cooling, above and below the Ac3 temperature, is repeated a determined number of times to refine the austenite grains before the workpiece is quenched below its martensite transformation temperature to form a mixture of martensite with increased retained austenite. The workpiece may be further heated in its martensite region to increase the proportion of retained austenite before quenching the steel workpiece to an ambient temperature. The formability of the workpiece is improved, as is the strength of its formed shape.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 20, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 27, 2013
    Assignee: GM Global Technology Operations LLC
    Inventor: John R. Bradley
  • Patent number: 8480368
    Abstract: A process of fabricating a rotating component and components formed thereby. The process includes fabricating preforms corresponding to portions of the component. Each preform has an interface surface at which the preforms can be joined to locate a first of the portions in a radially outward direction from a second of the portions. The preforms are then inertia welded together to form a profile having a solid-state weld joint containing a finer-grained material than other portions of the profile. The profile is then forged with dies to produce a forging. At least one of the dies has a recess into which the finer-grained material from the weld joint is expelled during forging to purge a joint region of the forging between the forging portions of the finer-grained material. The joint region contains grains distorted in an axial direction of the forging.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 5, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 9, 2013
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Ronald Gene Tolbert, Eric Scott Huron, David Paul Mourer, Douglas Gerard Konitzer
  • Patent number: 8449700
    Abstract: Disclosed are a high-strength, high-toughness hot-pressed steel plate member and a manufacturing method therefor. A specified hot-press process is performed on a steel plate member that, with respect to the chemical composition of the steel plate, includes: 0.15 to 0.4 wt % of C; 1.0 to 5.0 wt % of Mn or of a total of Mn and at least one of Cr, Mo, Cu, and Ni; 0.02 to 2.0 wt % of at least any one of Si and Al; and the remainder being Fe and unavoidable impurities, thus providing the physical properties of a martensite phase average grain diameter of 5 ?m or less and a tensile strength of 1200 MPa or higher.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 17, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 28, 2013
    Assignee: National University Corporation Okayama University
    Inventors: Takehide Senuma, Hiroshi Yoshida
  • Publication number: 20130037182
    Abstract: A mechanical steel part in steel with high characteristics, characterized in that its composition, comprising in weight percentages, is 0.05%?C?0.25%; 1.2%?Mn?2%; 1%?Cr?2.5%; wherein the contents of C, Mn and Cr are such that (830-270C %-90 Mn %-70Cr %)?560; 0<Si?1.55; 0<Ni?1%; 0<Mo?0.5%; 0<Cu?1%; 0<V?0.3%; 0<Al?0.1%; 0<B?0.005%; 0<Ti?0.03%; 0<Nb?0.06%; 0<S?0.1%; 0<Ca?0.006%; 0<Te?0.03%; 0<Se?0.05%; 0<Bi?0.05%; 0<Pb?0.1%; the remainder of the steel part being iron and impurities resulting from processing, and wherein the in that its structure of the steel is bainitic and contains no more than a total of 20% of martensite and/or pro-eutectoid ferrite and/or pearlite.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 7, 2011
    Publication date: February 14, 2013
    Applicant: ASCOMETAL
    Inventor: Thomas Sourmail
  • Patent number: 8349100
    Abstract: A method for press-molding an embossed steel plate is able to cool even an embossed steel plate under conditions adequate for quenching. After a plate body with convex portions formed thereon is placed between an upper pressing die and a lower pressing die and the dies are closed, first and second circulation pumps are run to circulate cooling water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 20, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 8, 2013
    Assignee: Fukai Seisakusho Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Susumu Sunaga
  • Publication number: 20120321504
    Abstract: An air hardenable steel alloy is disclosed comprising, in percent by weight: 0.18 to 0.26 carbon; 3.50 to 4.00 nickel; 1.60 to 2.00 chromium; 0 to 0.50 molybdenum; 0.80 to 1.20 manganese; 0.25 to 0.45 silicon; 0 to less than 0.005 titanium; 0 to less than 0.020 phosphorus; 0 up to 0.005 boron; 0 up to 0.003 sulfur; iron; and impurities. The air hardenable steel alloy has a Brinell hardness in a range of 352 HBW to 460 HBW. The air hardenable steel alloy combines high strength, medium hardness and toughness, as compared with certain know air hardenable steel alloys, and finds application in, for example, any of a steel armor, a blast-protective hull, a blast-protective V-shaped hull, a blast-protective vehicle underbelly, and a blast-protective enclosure.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 15, 2011
    Publication date: December 20, 2012
    Inventors: Njall Stefansson, Bradley Hasek, Ronald E. Bailey, Thomas Parayil, Andrew Nichols
  • Publication number: 20120305147
    Abstract: This invention relates to a method of manufacturing a non-quenched and tempered steel product, including hot forging a steel material at about 1150˜1250° C. so that the volume thereof is 120% or less, rapidly cooling the hot forged material to about 650˜700° C. at a cooling rate of about 10° C./s or more, and performing warm coining at a temperature of about 600° C. or higher.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 16, 2011
    Publication date: December 6, 2012
    Applicant: HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY
    Inventor: Chang Ku Lee
  • Publication number: 20120305146
    Abstract: This invention relates to a method of manufacturing non-quenched and tempered steel having an ultrafine grained pearlite structure, including hot forging a steel material so as to be high-temperature compression deformed, thus obtaining a hot forged body; rapidly cooling the hot forged body to a low-temperature pearlite transformation range, thus obtaining a supercooled hot forged body; isothermally holding the supercooled hot forged body in the low-temperature pearlite transformation range so as to be isothermally transformed; and air-cooling the hot forged body; and to non-quenched and tempered steel manufactured thereby.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 12, 2011
    Publication date: December 6, 2012
    Applicants: HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, KOREA ADVANCED INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, KIA MOTORS CORPORATION
    Inventors: Sung Hwan Park, Young Sang Ko, Joong Keun Park, Jun Ho Chung, Tae Hyung Kim
  • Patent number: 8257516
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method of manufacturing ultra-high strength steel products and, more particularly, to a method of manufacturing ultra-high strength steel products suitable for production of articles having a complicated shape or a high processing depth. The method includes preparing a steel sheet by blanking the steel sheet having hardenability to form a rough shape of a final product, cold-pressing the steel sheet to form a 50˜80% shape of the final product, precisely trimming the cold-formed steel sheet along a contour line corresponding to an outer contour of the final product, and hot-pressing the trimmed product to form the remaining 20˜50% shape of the final product and quenching simultaneous with hot-pressing, after heating the trimmed product to an austenite region of 700° C. or more.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 27, 2009
    Date of Patent: September 4, 2012
    Assignee: Hyundai Hysco
    Inventors: Hee Joong Im, Seung Man Nam, Man Been Moon, Sang Muk Na, Sung Namkoong
  • Patent number: 8252125
    Abstract: The present invention, among other things, relates to a method for producing a workpiece by press hardening a semi-finished product, which is distinguished by the fact that the semi-finished product consists of a steel which has a high content of silicon of at least 0.9 wt. %, with a simultaneously small content of manganese of less than 0.9 wt. %, a small carbon content of less than 0.25 wt. %, and a high chromium content of more than 1.20 wt. %, and which by heating is brought to a state in which the structure of the steel that is used is at least partially transformed to austenite, also optionally fully transformed to austenite, and the thus-heated semi-finished product is hot shaped so that after the hot deformation shaping, a structure is present in the workpiece that has a complex phase structure with predominantly martensite and ferrite fractions. In addition, a workpiece is described, which is produced according to this method, as well as uses of such a workpiece.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 16, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 28, 2012
    Assignee: Benteler Automobiltechnik GmbH
    Inventors: Hubertus Giefers, Karsten Bake, Andreas Frehn, Alexander Redenius, Uwe Diekmann
  • Patent number: 8172962
    Abstract: A fixed constant velocity universal joint includes an outer race having a spherical inner circumferential surface, the outer race including axially extending ball grooves formed in the spherical inner circumferential surface at regular circumferential intervals, and an inner race having a spherical outer circumferential surface, the inner race including axially extending ball grooves formed in the spherical outer circumferential surface at regular circumferential intervals. Balls are interposed between pairs of the ball grooves of the outer race and the ball grooves of the inner race. A cage has pockets for receiving the balls, the pockets being formed at predetermined circumferential intervals. The outer race is produced by hot forging or lathe-turning and subjected to thermal refining treatment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 29, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 8, 2012
    Assignee: NTN Corporation
    Inventor: Tomoshige Kobayashi
  • Patent number: 8152939
    Abstract: A non-heat treated connecting rod which comprises, by mass %, C: 0.25-0.35%, Si: 0.50-0.70%, Mn: 0.60-0.90%, P: 0.040-0.070%, S: 0.040-0.130%, Cr: 0.10-0.20%, V: 0.15-0.20%, Ti: 0.15-0.20% and N: 0.002-0.020%, and the balance Fe and impurities, with chemical compositions being less than 0.80 in the value of C+(Si/10)+(Mn/5)+(5Cr/22)+1.65 V?(5S/7) using the symbol of the element as its content, the microstructure of the Big end of the said connecting rod being ferrite-pearlite, all-region hardness of the said big end being 255 to 320 in Vickers hardness, the ferrite-region hardness in the said ferrite-pearlite of the Big end being 250 or more in Vickers hardness and the ratio of the said ferrite-region hardness to the said all-region hardness of the said Big end being 0.80 or more, is excellent in machinability, fracture splitting ability, and fatigue resistance, although no Pb at all is added.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 9, 2005
    Date of Patent: April 10, 2012
    Assignees: Sumitomo Metal Industries, Ltd., Hondo Motor Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Tatsuya Hasegawa, Zenji Iida, Kentaro Takada
  • Patent number: 8141230
    Abstract: A press-hardened component and a method for producing press-hardened components, in particular a bodywork component, from a semi-finished product made from unhardened, hot-formable steel sheet. Various process steps are carried out in the process. A component blank is formed from the semi-finished product by a cold-forming process, in particular a drawing process. The component blank is trimmed at the margin side to a margin contour which approximately corresponds to the component to be produced. The trimmed component blank is heated and press-hardened in a hot-forming tool, and then the press-hardened component blank is covered with a corrosion-prevention layer in a coating step.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 29, 2004
    Date of Patent: March 27, 2012
    Assignee: Z.A.T. Zinc Anticorosion Technologies SA
    Inventors: Martin Brodt, Roland Wendler, Leonid Levinski, Victor Samoilov
  • Publication number: 20120060981
    Abstract: Methods of refining the grain size of titanium and titanium alloys include thermally managed high strain rate multi-axis forging. A high strain rate adiabatically heats an internal region of the workpiece during forging, and a thermal management system is used to heat an external surface region to the workpiece forging temperature, while the internal region is allowed to cool to the workpiece forging temperature. A further method includes multiple upset and draw forging titanium or a titanium alloy using a strain rate less than is used in conventional open die forging of titanium and titanium alloys. Incremental workpiece rotation and draw forging causes severe plastic deformation and grain refinement in the titanium or titanium alloy forging.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 15, 2010
    Publication date: March 15, 2012
    Applicant: ATI Properties, Inc.
    Inventors: Robin M. Forbes Jones, John V. Mantione, Urban J. De Souza, Jean-Philippe Thomas, Ramesh Minisandram, Richard L. Kennedy, R. Mark Davis
  • Patent number: 8122580
    Abstract: A method for manufacturing an axle is provided. The method includes heating a billet at a heating station to a predetermined temperature, forging the heated billet at a forging station to form an axle, and machining the axle at a machining station to form a machined axle. A product is automatically transported to and from each station using a product transport system, wherein the product includes the billet, the axle and the machined axle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 2008
    Date of Patent: February 28, 2012
    Assignee: American Railcar Industries, Inc.
    Inventors: Richard Gerard Potje, Timothy Dunagan, Jon Edmond Meyer, James A. Cowan
  • Publication number: 20110254243
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for manufacturing of a flexible trailing arm for a wheel axle suspension of a vehicle such as a lorry or a trailer. In the method a steel blank is heated. Next, the blank is formed into the desired shape of the trailing arm by means of a suitable forming process. Following that the trailing arm is austempered by cooling it in a warm fluid medium.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 19, 2009
    Publication date: October 20, 2011
    Applicant: WEWELER NEDERLAND B.V.
    Inventors: Derk Geert Aalderink, Martinus Jozef Maria Verhoofstad
  • Patent number: 8012272
    Abstract: The present invention provides a tool steel containing, by mass percent, 0.55 to 0.85% of C, 0.20 to 2.50% of Si, 0.30 to 1.20% of Mn, 0.50% or less of Cu, 0.01 to 0.50% of Ni, 6.00 to 9.00% of Cr, 0.1 to 2.00% of Mo+0.5 W, and 0.01 to 0.40% of V, with the balance of Fe and inevitable impurities, in which, when an area rate of a coarse carbide having a circle equivalent diameter of 2 ?m or more in a cross section parallel to a forging direction is represented by L(%) and an area rate of the coarse carbide in a cross section perpendicular to the forging direction is represented by T(%), the area rate L is 0.001% or more, the area rate T is 0.001% or more, and the ratio L/T is within a range from 0.90 to 3.00. The tool steel of the invention exhibits an isotropic size change in quenching and tempering.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 30, 2008
    Date of Patent: September 6, 2011
    Assignee: Daido Tokushuko Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventor: Takayuki Shimizu
  • Patent number: 7976651
    Abstract: Disclosed are a weldable steel of high strength and high toughness and a method of producing members of machine parts. The steel consists essentially of, by weight %, C: 0.10-0.16%, Si: 0.05-0.50%, Mn: 1.3-2.3%, Cu: up to 0.5%, Ni: up to 0.5%, Cr: up to 0.5%, Mo: up to 0.3% and Ti: 0.025-0.035%, and the balance of Fe and inevitable impurities, and satisfying the condition that the weld-cracking susceptibility, Pcm, defined by the formula 1A below is less than 0.35, and the condition that the manganese equivalent, Mneq, defined by the formula 2A below is larger than 2.0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 3, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 12, 2011
    Assignees: Daido Steel Co., Ltd., Honda Motor Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Masanao Fujiwara, Hiroaki Yoshida, Masaki Shinkawa, Yoshikazu Umeno, Toshiaki Otsuka
  • Patent number: 7833363
    Abstract: A high-strength forged part is disclosed which comprises a base phase structure, comprising 30% or more of ferrite in terms of a space factor, and a second phase structure, comprising bainite and/or martensite, and retained austenite having an average gain diameter of 5 ?m or less and a content represented by 50X[C]<[V?R]<150x[C], wherein [V?R] represents a space factor of the retained austenite (?R) and [C] represents the mass % of C in the forged part. Furthermore, a high-strength forged part is disclosed which comprises a base phase structure, comprising 50% or more of tempered bainite or tempered martensite in terms of a space factor, and a second phase structure, comprising martensite and 3% to 30% retained austenite in terms of a space factor, wherein the portion of the retained austenite and martensite having an aspect ratio of 2 or less is 25% or less in terms of a space factor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 18, 2007
    Date of Patent: November 16, 2010
    Assignee: Kobe Steel, Ltd.
    Inventors: Shushi Ikeda, Koichi Makii, Hiroshi Akamizu, Yoichi Mukai, Koh-ichi Sugimoto
  • Patent number: 7824508
    Abstract: The present invention provides a fine grain surface layer steel part having a high proof strength ratio equal to or higher than that of conventional quenched and tempered materials, that is, a fine grain surface layer steel part containing, by mass %, C: 0.45% to 0.70%, Nb: 0.01% to 0.60%, Si: 0.10% to 1.50%, Mn: 0.40% to 2.0%, P: 0.10% or less, S: 0.001% to 0.15%, and N: 0.003% to 0.025% and having a balance of Fe and unavoidable impurities, where the surface layer and inside at all or part of the part have structures of different average particle sizes of ferrite crystal grains surrounded by high angle grain boundaries of a misorientation angle of 15 degrees or more and a method of production of that part comprising warm forging locations where strength is required to a predetermined shape at 1000° C. to 800° C. during which working so as to give an equivalent strain of 1.5 or more.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 27, 2007
    Date of Patent: November 2, 2010
    Assignee: Nippon Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Shinya Teramoto, Hiromasa Takada
  • Patent number: 7806992
    Abstract: A hot forged product including hardened areas introduced by partial cooling after hot forging, and unhardened areas, wherein Vickers hardness V1 of the hardened areas on the surface and Vickers hardness V2 of the unhardened areas satisfy the following formula (1): (V1?V2)/V2: 0.1 to 0.8.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 5, 2006
    Date of Patent: October 5, 2010
    Assignee: JFE Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Kazukuni Hase, Hideto Kimura, Takaaki Toyooka
  • Publication number: 20100242774
    Abstract: A manufacturing method for a heavy munition casing is provided, in which steel is rolled as a rough sheet or is forged as a slab depending on the desired casing size. Steel plates (2) produced in this way have a thickness that is somewhat greater than the manufacturing diameter of the munition casing (5). The steel used for this purpose has longitudinally oriented manganese sulfides (3), which are also shaped in the lateral direction, in addition to main shaping in the longitudinal direction, by shaping to form the shaped steel plate (2), and assume a longitudinally extending plate-shape as well. The initial material for the casing (5) is taken from an approximately rectangular steel plate (2), transversely with respect to the deformation direction. The quadrilateral piece obtained in this way is then turned to be round and is mechanically processed to form the shape of the casing (5).
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 16, 2010
    Publication date: September 30, 2010
    Applicant: RHEINMETALL WAFFE MUNITION GMBH
    Inventors: Wolfgang Arrenbrecht, Walter Grimm
  • Patent number: 7670444
    Abstract: Disclosed is a non-heat treated steel for hot forging, particularly suitable for producing connecting rods of automobile engines. The steel consists essentially of: by weight, C: 0.3-0.8%, Si: 0.1-2.0%, Mn: 0.3-1.5%, P: 0.01-0.15%, Cr: 0-1.0%, V: 0-0.4%, Al: 0-0.05%, N: 0.005-0.03% and the balance being Fe and inevitable impurities, provided that the contents of C, Mn and Cr fulfill the following condition: 1.40[C %]+0.28[Mn %]+0.50[Cr %]?0.75 Pearlite area fraction in this steel after hot forging is 50% or more. Notches are provided with laser beam on an intermediate part at the location from which fracture starts, and load is applied. Then, the intermediate is split to be two components (big end or cap and small end/rod for connecting rod). The components are adhered to form the parts.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 20, 2002
    Date of Patent: March 2, 2010
    Assignees: Daido Steel Co., Ltd., Nissan Motor Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Koichiro Inoue, Sadayuki Nakamura, Kouji Itakura, Yoshio Okada, Noriyuki Shiwaku, Jun Yoshida, Tomonori Miyazawa, Hideaki Ohtaka, Hidetoshi Satou, Wataru Naitou
  • Publication number: 20090291013
    Abstract: A method for designing a low cost, high strength, high toughness martensitic steel in which a mathematical model is used to establish an optimum low cost alloying concentration that provides specified levels of strength toughness. The model also predicts critical temperatures and the amount of retained austenite. Laboratory scale ingots of the optimum alloying composition were produced comprising by % wt. of about: 0.37 of C; 1.22 of Ni; 0.68 of Mn; 0.86 of Si; 0.51 of Cu; 1.77 of Cr; and 0.24 of V; and the balance Fe and incidental impurities were melted in an open induction furnace. After homogenized annealing, hot rolling, recrystallization annealing, and further oil quenching, refrigerating, and low tempering, a tempered martensite microstructure was produced consisting of small packets of martensitic laths, fine vanadium carbide, as centers of growth of the martensitic lathes, and retained austenite.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 11, 2009
    Publication date: November 26, 2009
    Inventors: Vladimir A. Fedchun, Gregory Vartanov
  • Patent number: 7559998
    Abstract: A hot press-formed member having stable strength and toughness is manufactured from a high strength steel sheet by hot press forming. In the cooling stage during hot press forming, the cooling rate is at least the critical cooling rate until the Ms point is reached and it is then in the range of 25-150° C./s in the temperature range from the Ms point to 200° C. The Vickers hardness of the hot pressed member is less than the value of (maximum quenching hardness—10) and at least the value of (maximum quenching hardness—100).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 28, 2005
    Date of Patent: July 14, 2009
    Assignees: Sumitomo Metal Industries, Ltd., Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha, Toyoda Iron Works Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Toshinobu Nishibata, Masahiro Nakata, Shuntaro Sudo, Akira Obayashi, Masanobu Ichikawa
  • Publication number: 20090126449
    Abstract: A forging stock formed by extrusion such that its cross section perpendicular to the direction of extrusion varies along the direction of extrusion. The forging stock is cut into portions in the direction of extrusion to be forged individually, each cut portion having cross sections varying along the direction of extrusion. Each cut portion includes a pair of first parallel parts at both ends thereof in the direction of extrusion, a second parallel part, which is between the first parallel parts, and which differs in thickness from said first parallel parts, and oblique parts each of which is between the first parallel parts and the second parallel part.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 28, 2006
    Publication date: May 21, 2009
    Applicant: KAB. KAISHA KOBE SEIKO SHO (Kobe Steel, Ltd.)
    Inventor: Akira Sakae
  • Publication number: 20090095383
    Abstract: The present invention provides a fine grain surface layer steel part having a high proof strength ratio equal to or higher than that of conventional quenched and tempered materials, that is, a fine grain surface layer steel part containing, by mass %, C: 0.45% to 0.70%, Nb: 0.01% to 0.60%, Si: 0.10% to 1.50%, Mn: 0.40% to 2.0%, P: 0.10% or less, S: 0.001% to 0.15%, and N: 0.003% to 0.025% and having a balance of Fe and unavoidable impurities, where the surface layer and inside at all or part of the part have structures of different average particle sizes of ferrite crystal grains surrounded by high angle grain boundaries of a misorientation angle of 15 degrees or more and a method of production of that part comprising warm forging locations where strength is required to a predetermined shape at 1000° C. to 800° C. during which working so as to give an equivalent strain of 1.5 or more.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 27, 2007
    Publication date: April 16, 2009
    Applicant: Nippon Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Shinya Teramoto, Hiromasa Takada
  • Publication number: 20090016925
    Abstract: There are provided a high silicon stainless steel with a high elongation at break, a spring made thereof, and a process for manufacturing the high silicon stainless steel. The high silicon stainless steel of the invention is characterized in: mainly comprising a microstructure with a grain size of 15 ?m or less and having an elongation at break of 12% or higher; mainly comprising a microstructure with a grain size of 7 ?m or less and having an elongation at break of 14% or higher; or having an elongation at break of 7% or higher after thermal aging. The process of the invention for manufacturing the high silicon stainless steel is characterized in comprising a load application step for applying an impact load and/or a static load to the high silicon stainless steel or the master alloy, wherein the surface temperature is in a temperature range of 950° C. or below and not so low as to break the high silicon stainless steel or the master alloy.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 18, 2005
    Publication date: January 15, 2009
    Applicant: HOHWA CO., LTD.
    Inventor: Toshiro Oda
  • Publication number: 20080308199
    Abstract: Electromechanical knocking device and knocking method for working, smoothing and cold-hardening the surface of tools, machine parts and other parts by hammering an impact head onto the surface of the said parts by means of mounting them on a machine tool or a robot. The impact head (1a) is fastened to a support (1b), which has a ferromagnetic part (1c). A magnetic field (B1) keeps the support for the impact head in a defined position of rest. On the support for the impact head (1b) there is at least one coil (4), which is located in the first-mentioned magnetic field (B1) or in a different magnetic field (B2) and through which an alternating current or pulsed current (12) with or without a variable direct current component flows. As a result, the impact head (1a) is made to oscillate with a defined impact frequency, impact amplitude and zero crossing.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 9, 2006
    Publication date: December 18, 2008
    Inventor: Christian Locker
  • Publication number: 20080099109
    Abstract: Disclosed is a high-strength ferrite-martensite steel sheet with excellent formability comprising: 0.05-0.15 weight % of C; 0.15 weight % or less of Si; 0.5-2.7 weight % of Mn; 0.1-0.7 weight % of Al; 0.005-0.03 weight % of P; 0.01-0.3 weight % of Sb; 0.002-0.02 weight % of S; at least one element selected from the group consisting of 0.01-0.6 weight % of Mo and 0.0005-0.0035 weight % of B; and the balance Fe and incidental impurities.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 11, 2006
    Publication date: May 1, 2008
    Applicant: Hyundai Motor Company
    Inventor: Chel Min Park
  • Patent number: 7354487
    Abstract: The invention provides a method of fabricating a steel part, the method comprising the steps of: preparing and casting a steel having the following composition in percentage by weight: 0.06%?C?0.25%; 0.5%?Mn?2%; traces?Si?3%; traces?Ni?4.5%; traces?Al?3%; traces?Cr?1.2%; traces?Mo?0.30%; traces?V?2%; traces?Cu?3.5%; and satisfying at least one of the following conditions: 0.5%?Cu?3.5%; 0.5%?V?2%: 2?Ni?4.5% and 1%?Al?2%; ?the remainder being iron and impurities resulting from preparation; hot deforming the cast steel at least once at a temperature in the range 1100° C. to 1300° C. in order to obtain a blank of the part; controlled cooling of the blank for the part in still air or forced air; and heating the steel to perform precipitation annealing before or after machining the part from said blank. The invention also provides a part obtained by the method.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 2, 2003
    Date of Patent: April 8, 2008
    Assignee: Ascometal
    Inventors: Pierre Dierickx, Gaëlle Andre