Tire Cord Reinforcement Materials, Per Se Patents (Class 152/451)
  • Patent number: 11858298
    Abstract: A tire includes: a pair of beads having bead cores and a bead filler extending to an outer side in a tire-radial direction of the bead core; a carcass ply extending from one of the bead core of one bead to the bead core of the other bead, and folded back around each of the bead cores; a first pad disposed at an outer side in a tire-width direction of a folding end of the carcass ply which is folded back; a second pad disposed at an outer side in the tire-width direction of the first pad; and rim strip rubber disposed at least at a part on an outer side in the tire-width direction of the second pad, in which an electronic component is provided to interpose the second pad and the rim strip rubber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 27, 2021
    Date of Patent: January 2, 2024
    Assignee: Toyo Tire Corporation
    Inventor: Harunobu Suita
  • Patent number: 11607912
    Abstract: A ply (16, 18) comprises metallic monofilaments (46?, 46?). Each monofilament (46?) of a first group has a positive torsional elastic deformation in a first direction about its main axis (G). Each monofilament (46?) of a second group has a negative torsional elastic deformation in a second direction about its main axis (G). The absolute value of the torsional elastic deformation C of each monofilament (46?, 46?) is such that |C|?6 turns per ten metres. The mean S of the torsional elastic deformations of the monofilaments (46?, 46?) of the ply (16, 18) is such that ?0.25 turn per ten metres?S?+0.25 turn per ten metres. The monofilaments (46?, 46?) are arranged next to one another so as to alternate one or more monofilaments (46?) of the first group with one or more monofilaments (46?) of the second group.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 5, 2017
    Date of Patent: March 21, 2023
    Assignee: COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ETABLISSEMENTS MICHELIN
    Inventors: Gaëtan Davayat, Cedric Chauvet, Eric Colin
  • Patent number: 11518192
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a tyre for vehicle wheels comprising at least one external structural element comprising at least one external structural element comprising a crosslinked elastomeric material obtained by crosslinking a crosslinkable elastomeric composition comprising (i) at least one diene elastomeric polymer, and (ii) a system for protection against ozone substantially free of polymeric static protective agents which essentially consists of at least one phenolic antioxidant in an amount substantially equal to or higher than 3 phr.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 5, 2018
    Date of Patent: December 6, 2022
    Assignee: PIRELLI TYRE S.p.A.
    Inventors: Davide Dall'Abaco, Virna Formaggio, Luigia Rossiello, Thomas Hanel
  • Patent number: 11214095
    Abstract: Provided are a sheet, a method of its preparation, and a tire comprising the sheet, wherein the sheet comprises tire cords, a topping rubber for topping the tire cords, and a conductive fiber located on the surface of the topping rubber. The sheet can provide tires, on which a rubber composition with a low electricity-transmitting property and low rolling resistance is applied, with excellent conductivity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 27, 2018
    Date of Patent: January 4, 2022
    Inventors: Ji Wan Lee, Mi Jung Lee, Sung Tae Kim, Kil Ju Ko, Il Yong Park, Su Hong Sung
  • Patent number: 10968566
    Abstract: A hybrid cable having a core and a wrap; the core made from a carbon fiber yarn or bundle of carbon fiber strands or yarns; and the wrap made of a plurality of metal wires helically wrapped around the core, the plurality of metal wires laid side by side without crossing each other. The fibers, yarns, or core may be treated with polymeric sizing, adhesive, or binder. The wire may be steel and may have a coating such as brass or zinc plating, or a polymeric coating or treatment. The hybrid cable is useful for reinforcing composite articles such as belts, track, or hose.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 8, 2018
    Date of Patent: April 6, 2021
    Assignee: Gates Corporation
    Inventors: Daniel Beal, Yelena Gray
  • Patent number: 10960709
    Abstract: A radial aircraft tire (1), defined in three main directions, circumferential (X), axial (Y) and radial (Z), comprises a crown (2) surmounted by a tread (3), two sidewalls (4), two beads (5), each sidewall (4) connecting each bead (5) to the crown (2), a carcass reinforcement (7) that is anchored in each of the beads (5) at at least one bead wire (6) and extends in the sidewalls (4) as far as the crown (2), a crown reinforcement or belt (10) that extends in the crown (2) in the circumferential direction (X) and is situated radially between the carcass reinforcement (7) and the tread (3), said carcass reinforcement (7) having at least one ply referred to as carcass ply in the form of a rubber matrix reinforced with radially oriented reinforcing elements, referred to as radial textile reinforcers, the latter being constituted entirely or partially by textile plied yarns of nylon comprising N multifilament strands twisted together to form a helix, characterized in that: N is greater than 2; the count of each str
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 17, 2017
    Date of Patent: March 30, 2021
    Assignee: COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ETABLISSEMENTS MICHELIN
    Inventors: Eve-Anne Filiol, Fabien Mejean
  • Patent number: 10940719
    Abstract: A tire includes a tread and a crown reinforcement arranged radially internal to the tread. The crown reinforcement includes a protective reinforcement and a working reinforcement. The protective reinforcement includes a protective ply that exhibits a force at break greater than or equal to 1300 daN·cm?1. The protective ply includes protective reinforcing elements, each of which exhibits a force at break greater than or equal to 3000 N. The working reinforcement is arranged radially internal to the protective reinforcement and includes a working ply. The working ply includes working reinforcing elements, each of which includes a working cord formed of at least a strand that includes an external layer of unsaturated threads.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 22, 2015
    Date of Patent: March 9, 2021
    Assignee: Compagnie Generale des Etablissements Michelin
    Inventors: Emmanuel Clement, Alain Domingo, Olivier Sejalon
  • Patent number: 10906353
    Abstract: Provided is a steel cord for reinforcing a rubber article which can further improve cut resistance when applied to a tire while maintaining the amount of steel to be used. A steel cord for reinforcing a rubber article comprising: one core strand 11 having a two-layered layered-twisted structure formed by twisting a plurality of steel filaments 1; and a plurality of sheath strands 12 having a layered-twisted structure formed by twisting a plurality of steel filaments 2, wherein the sheath strands are twisted around the core strand. A ratio dc/ds of a diameter dc of a sheath filament constituting the sheath of the core strand to a diameter ds of an outermost layer sheath filament constituting the outermost layer sheath of the sheath strand is more than 1.25 and not more than 1.50.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 28, 2019
    Date of Patent: February 2, 2021
    Assignee: BRIDGESTONE CORPORATION
    Inventor: Yusuke Nozaki
  • Patent number: 10682885
    Abstract: A tyre for wheels of vehicles, in particular motor vehicles, is described. The tyre has a tread with at least one copolymer selected from iso-styrene: diene-terminated copolymers. The tread has less sensitivity to the effects of temperature, with less weakness, better consistency of performances, and improved characteristics in terms of grip and/or resistance to laceration.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 27, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 16, 2020
    Assignee: PIRELLI TYRE S.P.A.
    Inventors: Luca Castellani, Thomas Hanel, Enrico Albizzati, Antonio Proto, Carmine Capacchione
  • Patent number: 10675826
    Abstract: The present technology provides a pneumatic tire that can improve air dispersibility during vulcanizing at the interfaces of a plurality of types of rubber layers integrally formed by rolling or extruding, and that can effectively suppress blister defects. In a pneumatic tire where a plurality of types of rubber layers integrally formed by rolling or extruding, at least one strand of thread is provided at an interface of the plurality of types of rubber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 24, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 9, 2020
    Assignee: The Yokohama Rubber Co., LTD.
    Inventor: Kazuaki Kishihata
  • Patent number: 10632791
    Abstract: A tire having a rubber body in which a steel cord is embedded, wherein a layer composed of ZnxCoyO is formed at the interface between the steel cord and the rubber body and x+y is 5/6 or more and 1 or less.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 13, 2016
    Date of Patent: April 28, 2020
    Assignees: Sumitomo Electric Tochigi Co., Ltd., Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd., Sumitomo Rubber Industries, Ltd., Nippon Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Tetsuya Nakajima, Kenichi Yamashita, Takashi Tokuyama, Shinei Takamura, Masumi Suzuki, Koji Fujisawa
  • Patent number: 10626546
    Abstract: A treated carbon fiber tensile cord for use in power transmission belts, hose, tires or other reinforced rubber products and the resulting product, which includes carbon fibers which are coated with a polymeric layer deposited and polymerized at atmospheric pressure in a plasma assisted chemical vapor deposition process. A suitable polymeric layer is compatible with the intended matrix which the cord will reinforce. For a rubber belt, the coating is compatible with the rubber composition of the belt body or an adhesion gum or adhesive such as RFL which surrounds the cord. For RFL/rubber systems and cast polyurethane elastomers, a suitable polymer is the APP reaction product of a vinyl carboxylic acid or an ester or amide thereof. Suitable carboxylic acids include acrylic acid and methacrylic acid. Various esters and amides of vinyl carboxylic acid are also suitable, such as 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate, N-isobutoxymethyl acrylamide, and N-hydroxyethyl acrylamide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 24, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2020
    Assignee: Gates Corporation
    Inventors: John Graeme Knox, Alexander Bismarck, Su Bai
  • Patent number: 10589474
    Abstract: Variously configured sub-laminate modules are provided, which comprise at least a first ply and a second ply, the first ply comprising fibers extending in a first orientation, the second ply comprising fibers extending in a second orientation. The second orientation is offset relative to the first orientation, which offset defines an acute angle between the two orientations. The acute angle is less than 90 degrees and in at least one embodiment, the acute angle is approximately 25°. In certain embodiments, the acute angle further defines an unbalanced structure of the sub-laminate module. In certain embodiments, the first and second plies may be further secured relative to one another in a non-crimped configuration. Composite laminated structures formed from various embodiments of the sub-laminate modules are also provided, at least some of which may be homogenized. Various methods of manufacturing the sub-laminate modules and the composite laminated structures are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 16, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2020
    Assignees: Compagnie Chomarat, The Board of Trustees of the Leland Stanford Junior University
    Inventors: Stephen W. Tsai, Michel Cognet, Philippe Sanial
  • Patent number: 10557022
    Abstract: A tyre for wheels of vehicles, in particular motor vehicles, is described. The tyre has a tread with at least one copolymer of (iso-styrene/trans-butadiene): diene-terminated copolymers. The tread has less sensitivity to the effects of temperature, with less weakness, better consistancy of performances, and improved characteristics in terms of grip and/or resistance to laceration.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 27, 2016
    Date of Patent: February 11, 2020
    Assignees: PIRELLI TYRE S.P.A., POLITECNICO DI MILANO
    Inventors: Luca Castellani, Thomas Hanel, Enrico Albizzati, Antonio Proto, Carmine Capacchione, Maurizio Galimberti
  • Patent number: 10518592
    Abstract: A pneumatic tire comprises a carcass formed of a carcass ply extending between a pair of bead portions in a toroidal shape, and a bead core disposed in a respective one of the bead portions, the bead core comprising an axially inner core and an axially outer core respectively disposed on an axially inner side and the axially outer side of the carcass ply. The bead portion comprises an inner bead apex rubber extending radially outward from the inner core, and an outer bead apex rubber extending radially outward from the outer core. An outer apex height Ho from a bead base line to a outer end of the outer bead apex rubber is in a range of from 120% to 150% of an inner apex height Hi from the bead base line to the outer end of the inner bead apex rubber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 15, 2015
    Date of Patent: December 31, 2019
    Assignee: SUMITOMO RUBBER INDUSTRIES, LTD.
    Inventor: Tomoyuki Kujime
  • Patent number: 10426505
    Abstract: [Object] A hollow stranded wire line, for manipulation, having an excellent torque transmittability is provided. [Solution] A hollow stranded wire line 2 for manipulation is a hollow stranded wire line 2 that is advantageously used as a stranded wire line for manipulation in a medical instrument, and a side wire 4 or a side strand which is an outermost layer has a forming rate that is greater than 100% and not greater than 110%. The side wire 4 or the side strand having been formed has a spiral shape in which a flatness that is an aspect ratio obtained by a major axis being divided by a minor axis is preferably not less than 1.01 and preferably not greater than 1.10.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 22, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 1, 2019
    Assignee: TOKUSEN KOGYO CO., LTD.
    Inventor: Keiji Matsumoto
  • Patent number: 10400358
    Abstract: Nylon based filaments, yarns, and fabrics having improved properties are provided. A filament contains a composite material formed from a (i) a main structural component containing a mixture of one or more base nylons and one or more secondary nylons, and optionally (ii) an additive component mixed with the main structural component. The one or more base nylons may include one or more aliphatic nylons and the one or more secondary nylons may include one or more semiaromatic nylons.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 23, 2018
    Date of Patent: September 3, 2019
    Assignee: Shakespeare Company, LLC
    Inventor: Saumitra Bhargava
  • Patent number: 10364515
    Abstract: A dipped and heat-set high modulus nylon 6.6 cords having a tensile stress value between 1.2 and 2.0 cN/dtex at 4% elongation. The high modulus nylon 6.6 cords are used as reinforcement in shaped rubber composites. The minimum heat shrinkage of the cords is 4% and the maximum heat shrinkage thereof is 7%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 9, 2016
    Date of Patent: July 30, 2019
    Assignee: KORDSA TEKNIK TEKSTIL ANONIM SIRKETI
    Inventors: M. Saadettin Fidan, Yücel Ayyildiz, Basak Kanya
  • Patent number: 10358527
    Abstract: One subject of the present invention is a composition that combines at least one polyamide having at least one MXD entity, MXD denoting meta-xylylenediamine or a mixture of meta-xylylenediamine and of para-xylylenediamine, with a bioresourced reinforcement. The invention also relates to the conversion of these compositions, by injection molding or extrusion, into objects that have good mechanical properties, said objects corresponding to technical application specifications such as may be found, for example, in the automotive industry, construction, sport and in electrical or electronic fields.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 23, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 23, 2019
    Assignee: Arkema France
    Inventors: Benoit Brule, Philippe Bussi, Gilles Hochstetter, Guillaume Le, Barbara Ramfel
  • Patent number: 10315465
    Abstract: A reinforced product (21) comprises: an elastomer matrix (23), several reinforcing elements (44) embedded in the elastomer matrix (23), the reinforcing elements (44) being arranged side by side in a main direction (X1). Each reinforcing element (44) comprises: at least one filamentary element, and at least one sheath coating the filamentary element and comprising at least one layer of a thermoplastic polymer composition. The ratio R1=ODO/E of the mean minimum thickness ODO of elastomer present on the back of the sheath to the mean thickness E of the reinforced product (21) is less than or equal to 0.17.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 28, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Assignee: Compagnie Generale Des Etablissements Michelin
    Inventors: Sylvain Petitjean, Cecile Barbier, Sebastien Rigo
  • Patent number: 10286730
    Abstract: A tire comprising a crown reinforcement formed of at least two working crown layers each one formed of reinforcing elements inserted between two skim layers of rubber compound, a first layer S of polymer compound being in contact with at least one working crown layer and in contact with the carcass reinforcement and the crown reinforcement comprising at least one layer of circumferential reinforcing elements. The elastic modulus under tension at 10% elongation of the layer C is greater than 9 MPa, the maximum value of tan(?), denoted tan(?)max, of the layer C is less than 0.100 and the complex dynamic shear modulus G*, measured at 10% and 60° C. on the return cycle, of the first layer S of polymer compound is greater than 1.35 MPa.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 27, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 14, 2019
    Assignee: COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ETABLISSEMENTS MICHELIN
    Inventors: Hichem Rehab, Jean-François Parmentier
  • Patent number: 10280533
    Abstract: A filament comprising a polymer blend and specific articles comprising the filament are disclosed. The polymer blend includes an aliphatic nylon and a semiaromatic nylon. The aliphatic nylon is the major component of the blend and semiaromatic nylon is the minor component of the blend. The aliphatic nylon can be Nylon 6, Nylon 66, Nylon 610, Nylon 612, Nylon 12, and mixtures thereof. The semiaromatic nylon can be 6I/6T, 6T/6I, and mixtures thereof. The nylon blend filament provides enhanced mechanical properties such as modulus, ultimate strength, and yield strength with improved processability and reduced diameter variability at a reduced cost.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 15, 2018
    Date of Patent: May 7, 2019
    Assignee: Shakespeare Company, LLC
    Inventor: Saumitra Bhargava
  • Patent number: 10259266
    Abstract: A flat or planar reinforcer shaped as a multicomposite strip (R1), which is defined by three main perpendicular directions: an axial direction (X), a transverse direction (Y), and a radial direction (Z), has a width LR in the Y direction of between 2 and 100 mm, and has a thickness ER in the Z direction of between 0.1 and 5 mm. A ratio LR/ER is greater than 3. The multicomposite strip includes a plurality of monofilaments made of a composite material. The monofilaments are oriented along the X direction and include filaments of a mineral material embedded in a thermoset resin having a glass transition temperature Tg1 that is greater than 70° C. The monofilaments are coated in a layer of thermoplastic material. The reinforcer may be used to reinforce a tire and a multilayer laminate, which may be used to reinforce a tire.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 21, 2015
    Date of Patent: April 16, 2019
    Assignee: Compagnie Generale des Etablissements Michelin
    Inventor: Antonio Delfino
  • Patent number: 10214838
    Abstract: The present invention discloses high modulus single twisted nylon 6.6 yarns having a tensile stress value between 2.0 and 2.8 cN/dtex at 4% elongation. The single twisted yarns are prepared from a raw polyamide 6.6 yarn. The single twisted yarns are used as reinforcement in shaped rubber composites. The minimum heat shrinkage of the cords is 4% and maximum heat shrinkage is 7%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 9, 2016
    Date of Patent: February 26, 2019
    Inventors: M. Sadettin Fidan, Yücel Ayyildiz, Basak Kanya
  • Patent number: 10196765
    Abstract: A hybrid tire cord has more uniform physical properties, and improved strength and fatigue resistance. The hybrid tire cord can easily be manufactured. The hybrid tire cord includes a nylon primarily twisted yarn and an aramid primarily twisted yarn, wherein the nylon primarily twisted yarn and the aramid primarily twisted yarn are secondarily twisted together, and after untwisting of the secondary twisting of the hybrid tire cord having a predetermined length, a length of the aramid primarily twisted yarn is 1.005 to 1.025 times a length of the nylon primarily twisted yarn.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 29, 2016
    Date of Patent: February 5, 2019
    Assignee: KOLON INDUSTRIES, INC.
    Inventors: Ok Wha Jeon, Min Ho Lee
  • Patent number: 10155417
    Abstract: A pneumatic tire excellent in resistance to uneven wear, and crack resistance of a groove is provided. A position, on an equator plane, of a tread surface 20 of a tire 2 is represented as a point Pc. A position, at a maximum width, of an axially outer side surface 6a of a sidewall 6 is represented as a point Pe. A position that is a mid-point, in the radial direction, between the point Pc and the point Pe, and that is on the axially outer side surface 6a, is represented as a point Pd. When an internal pressure is enhanced from an internal pressure that is 0.05 times a normal internal pressure P to the normal internal pressure P, a value Fs of difference in amount of protrusion between an amount of protrusion Dd (mm) at the point Pd and an amount of protrusion De (mm) at the point Pe is calculated according to mathematical expression (1) in which a nominal width is represented as W (mm). The value Fs of difference in amount of protrusion is greater than ?0.4 and less than 0.5.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 18, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 18, 2018
    Assignee: SUMITOMO RUBBER INDUSTRIES, LTD.
    Inventors: Kazuo Asano, Shintaro Tomita, Susumu Tanaka
  • Patent number: 10138580
    Abstract: There is disclosed a material comprising an assembly of at least one spun yarn, comprising: synthetic inorganic fibers, such as carbon, metal, oxides, carbides or alloys or combinations thereof, wherein a majority of the fibers: (a) are longer than 300 ?m, (b) have a diameter ranging from 0.25 nm and 700 nm, and (c) are substantially crystalline, wherein the yarn has substantial flexibility and uniformity in diameter. A method of making the material is also disclosed. In one embodiment, the method comprises spinning yarn by pulling fibers from a bulk material with at least one spinner that has real time feedback controls.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 3, 2015
    Date of Patent: November 27, 2018
    Assignee: Multipure International
    Inventors: Christopher H. Cooper, William K. Cooper
  • Patent number: 10112445
    Abstract: Provided is a pneumatic tire which is configured so as to prevent carcass cords from biting into an inner liner, thereby improving the durability performance of the tire. A pneumatic tire (1) is provided with a carcass (6) which comprises, a carcass ply (11) extending from a tread (2) through side walls (3) to the bead cores (5) of bead sections (4), the bead cores (5) each including an inner core (14) and an outer core (15). The carcass, ply (11) is sandwiched between the inner cores (14) and the outer cores (15). Each of an inner core (14) and an outer core (15) includes a bead cord (16) which is wound at least one turn in the circumferential direction of the tire. Each of the bead cords (16) includes an outermost layer (18) formed by twisting filaments (17) together.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 30, 2018
    Assignee: SUMITOMO RUBBER INDUSTRIES, LTD.
    Inventor: Kei Kohara
  • Patent number: 10053799
    Abstract: Nylon based filaments, yarns, and fabrics having improved properties are provided. A filament contains a composite material formed from a (i) a main structural component containing a mixture of one or more base nylons and one or more secondary nylons, and optionally (ii) an additive component mixed with the main structural component. The one or more base nylons may include one or more aliphatic nylons and the one or more secondary nylons may include one or more semiaromatic nylons.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 21, 2018
    Assignee: SHAKESPEARE COMPANY, LLC
    Inventor: Saumitra Bhargava
  • Patent number: 10035905
    Abstract: A rubber compound containing silicon dioxide for the production of tires, comprising at least one polymer base with cross-linkable unsaturated chain, silicon dioxide, a silane bonding agent, a vulcanization system and lignin comprising, in turn, at least part of its aromatic rings substituted with amine substituents.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 3, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 31, 2018
    Assignee: BRIDGESTONE CORPORATION
    Inventors: Claudia Aurisicchio, Valeria Grenci
  • Patent number: 10017883
    Abstract: A polyester tire cord having improved dimensional stability and methods of manufacturing the polyester tire cord are provided. The method includes forming a discharge yarn, extruded while a polyester containing 85 mol % or more of ethylene terephthalate units is melted and passes through a nozzle; forming an undrawn yarn by spinning the discharged yarn; manufacturing a yarn by multistep drawing the undrawn yarn; plying the yarn by twisting; and dipping the plied yard in a dipping solution, and then drying, drawing, and heat-setting the plied yarn before dipping the plied yarn in resorcinol-formaldehyde latex and again drying an heat-setting the plied yarn. An intermediate elongation of the formed polyester tire cord after vulcanization for 20 minutes at 170° C. is E2, an intermediate elongation of the polyester tire cord before vulcanization is E1, and a difference between E2 and E1 is ?E. ?E divided by E1 is 0.5 or less.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 13, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 10, 2018
    Assignee: HYOSUNG CORPORATION
    Inventors: Si-Hwan Joo, Hong-Un Kim, Jin-Kyeong Park, Su-Yeon Hwang, Cheol Kim
  • Patent number: 9895938
    Abstract: Aircraft tire (1) comprising two beads (2). In each bead (2) portion (8) comprises surface layer (9) in contact with rim (3) via radially interior bead face (4) and having a shear stiffness K1. Portion (8) comprises a rigid layer (10), radially on the outside of and adjacent to the surface layer (9), having a shear stiffness K2 at least equal to five times the shear stiffness K1 of the surface layer (9), and a deformable layer (11), radially on the outside of and adjacent to the rigid layer (10) and radially on the inside of and adjacent to the carcass reinforcement portion (5) radially on the inside of the bead wire (7), having a shear stiffness K3 at most equal to 0.3 times the shear stiffness K1 of the surface layer (9).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 28, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 20, 2018
    Assignee: COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ETABLISSMENTS MICHELIN
    Inventors: Eric Souchet, Olivier Comps
  • Patent number: 9862234
    Abstract: A steel cord is obtained by bundling five steel core wires, which are arrayed in parallel with one another in a plane, into a unitary body by means of an adhesive having a thickness Ad of less than 15 ?m. Each of the core wires-constituting the steel cord has a diameter d of less than 0.45 mm, and spacing Gd between the core wires is less than 20 ?m. The core wires used have a free coil diameter D that is greater than wire diameter d thereof by 750 times or more.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 2014
    Date of Patent: January 9, 2018
    Assignees: TOKYO ROPE MANUFACTURING CO., LTD., NIPPON STEEL & SUMITOMO METAL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Akira Tamada, Yuuki Murakami, Shouichi Ohashi, Satoshi Sugimaru
  • Patent number: 9828181
    Abstract: A rubber-reinforcing steel cord embedded in a rubber product has a stranded structure including a core strand, and a plurality of sheath strands intertwined around an outer circumferential surface of the core strand; wherein a lubricant is provided between wires that constitute the core strand.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 5, 2015
    Date of Patent: November 28, 2017
    Assignee: The Yokohama Rubber Co., LTD.
    Inventors: Gang Hou, Atsushi Miyajima, Ryotaro Suefuji, Hidehiro Sasakuma
  • Patent number: 9789731
    Abstract: Disclosed are a hybrid fiber cord comprising a nylon filament and an aramid filament, the cord having more uniform physical properties and better strength and fatigue properties and being able to be made more easily than the conventional hybrid fiber cords such that it can be used to make an ultra high performance tire, and a method for manufacturing the same. The hybrid fiber cord comprises a nylon primarily-twisted yarn having a first twist number, and an aramid primarily-twisted yarn having a second twist number. The first twist number is identical with the second twist number. The nylon and aramid primarily-twisted yarns are secondarily-twisted together to have identical structures with each other.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 17, 2017
    Assignee: KOLON INDUSTRIES, INC.
    Inventors: Min Ho Lee, Ok Wha Jeon, Il Chung
  • Patent number: 9765851
    Abstract: A power transmission belt has a cord embedded in a belt body made of rubber. The cord is configured as a plied yarn with a total fiber fineness of 4000 to 5000 dtex. The plied yarn consists of four primarily-twisted yarns, each being obtained by subjecting a bundle of para-aramid fibers with a fiber fineness of 1000 to 1250 dtex to a primary twist in one direction at a twist coefficient of 1200 to 1350, and these four primarily-twisted yarns are then secondarily twisted in the opposite direction to the primary twist at a twist coefficient of 900 to 1100, thereby obtaining the plied yarn.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 26, 2016
    Date of Patent: September 19, 2017
    Assignee: BANDO CHEMICAL INDUSTRIES, LTD.
    Inventor: Shogo Kobayashi
  • Patent number: 9752650
    Abstract: A V-ribbed belt contains an extension layer forming a belt back face, a compression layer provided on one side of the extension layer, and a tension member embedded between the extension layer and the compression layer and extending in a belt circumferential length direction. The compression layer has a plurality of V-shaped ribs formed to be extending in the belt circumferential length direction and to be a frictional power transmission surface with a pulley. The frictional power transmission surface is covered with a knitted fabric, in which the knitted fabric is knitted out of a polyester-based composite yarn and a cellulose-based natural spun yarn. The polyester-based composite yarn is a bulky yarn, and a knitting ratio of the cellulose-based natural spun yarn is not less than a knitting ratio of the polyester-based composite yarn.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 27, 2014
    Date of Patent: September 5, 2017
    Assignee: Mitsuboshi Belting Ltd.
    Inventors: Kazuyo Kojima, Yusuke Suzumegano, Yoshihito Noborikawa, Manabu Mitsutomi
  • Patent number: 9540766
    Abstract: Composite reinforcer (R-2) that is self-adhesive, by curing, to a diene rubber matrix, which can be used as reinforcing element for a pneumatic tire, comprising: one or more reinforcing thread(s) (20), for example a carbon steel cord; a first layer (21) of a thermoplastic polymer, the glass transition temperature of which is positive, for example a polyamide, covering said thread, individually each thread or collectively several threads; a second layer (22) of a composition comprising a poly(p-phenylene ether) (“PPE”) and a functionalized diene elastomer bearing functional groups selected from epoxide, carboxyl, acid anhydride and acid ester groups, in particular an epoxidized SBR, covering the first layer (21). Process for manufacturing such a composite reinforcer and rubber article or semi-finished product, especially a pneumatic tire, incorporating such a composite reinforcer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 16, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 10, 2017
    Assignees: COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ETABLISSEMENTS MICHELIN, Michelin Recherche et Technique S.A.
    Inventors: Vincent Abad, Sébastien Rigo, Emmanuel Custodero
  • Patent number: 9365079
    Abstract: A radial tire for motorcycle comprises a tread portion provided with a belt structure composed of two cross plies of 3×3×0.17 steel cords. The steel cord has a bending rigidity of from 10.0 to 12.0 g·cm. The elongation L100 of the steel cord at a tensile load of 100 N is 1.5% to 2.0%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 24, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 14, 2016
    Assignee: SUMITOMO RUBBER INDUSTRIES, LTD.
    Inventor: Akihiro Nishimura
  • Patent number: 9248891
    Abstract: A surfboard leash apparatus is disclosed. The surf leash apparatus includes a cuff for attaching to a limb of a surfer, an attachment mechanism for attaching to a surfboard, and a leash cord connected between the cuff and the attachment mechanism. The leash cord includes an elastic fiber rope core having a predetermined amount of stretch, and an extruded thermoplastic urethane cord surrounding the elastic fiber rope core. The extruded thermoplastic urethane cord has an elasticity corresponding to the predetermined amount of stretch of the elastic fiber rope.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 3, 2014
    Date of Patent: February 2, 2016
    Inventor: Robert Falken
  • Patent number: 9033015
    Abstract: A rubber-steel hybrid cord of the present invention is characteristically formed by twisting a plurality of sheath filaments or sheath strands around a core in which a periphery of and space surrounded by one or a plurality of core filaments or a core strand are coated or filled with a filler rubber (A) containing an adhesion promoter, thereby forming a multilayer-twist steel cord or a multi-twist steel cord, and coating an outer surface of the multilayer-twist steel cord or the multi-twist steel cord with a coating rubber (C). Further, an amount of an adhesion promoter contained in the coating rubber (C) is equal to or more than an amount of the adhesion promoter contained in the filler rubber (A).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 19, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2015
    Assignee: Bridgestone Corporation
    Inventor: Mitsuhiro Nishimura
  • Patent number: 9033017
    Abstract: Provided is a pneumatic tire whose safety factor and durability are improved without generating a problem of an increase in the weight of a tire and an increase in the inner surface cord protrusion failure. Provided is a pneumatic tire including one or more carcasses 2 extending toroidally between bead cores 1 embedded in a pair of bead portions 11 respectively. A polyester fiber cord whose total decitex as a twisted cord is 4300 to 5100 dtex, whose cord strength as a dip treated cord is 6.5 to 7.2 cN/dtex and whose cord elongation at a stress loading of 2 cN/dtex is 3.5 to 4.0% is used as a reinforcing cord of the carcass 2, and the tenacity of a treat which is the reinforcing cord covered with rubber per unit width is 2.9 to 3.2 kN/cm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2015
    Assignee: BRIDGESTONE CORPORATION
    Inventor: Takuya Yoshimi
  • Publication number: 20150129101
    Abstract: An object of the present invention aims to provide a cord formed by twisting purified polysaccharide fibers which are manufactured by using a raw material with a low environmental impact and do not emit carbon disulfide, in which the cord is able to confer durability and resistance to external damage to a tire when the cord is used in the tire. A cord is provided formed by bringing a polysaccharide solution which is formed by dissolving a polysaccharide raw material in a liquid including an ionic liquid in contact with a solidifying liquid, and by twisting raw yarn which is purified polysaccharide fibers formed by spinning polysaccharides, in which a relationship between tenacity TB (cN/dtex) of the raw yarn at 25° C. and elongation at break EB (%) of the raw yarn at 25° C. satisfies the following expression (1) and the following expression (2), and a twisted yarn tenacity utilization rate (CT/TB) at the time of setting cord tenacity at 25° C.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 21, 2013
    Publication date: May 14, 2015
    Applicant: BRIDGESTONE CORPORATION
    Inventors: Mitsuharu Koide, Kenichi Sugimoto
  • Patent number: 9023928
    Abstract: The present invention provides a rubber composition that improves in terms of the fuel economy of a rubber composition containing an isoprene-based rubber and also offers favorable durability and favorable processability or adhesion to steel cords, and a pneumatic tire formed from the rubber composition. The present invention relates to a rubber composition for a bead apex, sidewall packing, base tread, or breaker cushion, including: a specific rubber component; a specific amount of a specific carbon black; a specific amount of sulfur; and a specific amount of a compound represented by formula (I) below. The present invention also relates to a rubber composition for a steel cord topping, strip adjacent to steel cords, or tie gum, including: a specific rubber component; a specific amount of a specific carbon black; a specific amount of an organic acid cobalt salt; and a specific amount of a compound represented by the formula (I).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 7, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2015
    Assignee: Sumitomo Rubber Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Tatsuya Miyazaki, Masanobu Nakamura
  • Patent number: 9016341
    Abstract: Bicycle tires with at least one reinforcement layer that contains strength supports and that is arranged between carcass and tread rubber and/or between carcass layers below the tread rubber and/or within the tread rubber. For a high resistance to puncturing with low weight, the reinforcement layer contains multifilament threads of more than 30 polyester/polyarylate filaments, and the filaments are spun from molten liquid-crystal polymer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 2, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 28, 2015
    Assignee: Continental Reifen Deutschland GmbH
    Inventors: Wolfgang Klapp, Wolfgang Bende
  • Patent number: 8991457
    Abstract: A steel cord for reinforcement of rubber articles, whose cord strength is enhanced by preventing occurrence of preceding break of the outermost layer filaments in the steel cord having a multi-twisted structure, and a pneumatic tire using it as a reinforcing material are provided. In a steel cord for reinforcement of rubber articles having a multi-twisted structure in which a plurality of strands are twisted together, which strands have a layered twisted structure in which a plurality of steel filaments are twisted together, dc/ds, which represents the ratio between dc, the diameter of outermost layer sheath filaments constituting the outermost layer sheath of a core strand, and ds, the diameter of outermost layer sheath filaments constituting the outermost layer sheath of sheath strands, is 1.05 to 1.25.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 12, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2015
    Assignee: Bridgestone Corporation
    Inventor: Eiji Kudo
  • Publication number: 20150075689
    Abstract: Provided is a technique for attaining tire weight reduction while inhibiting occurrence of a product defect caused by deformation by improving the structure of a steel cord used for a carcass ply to improve the resistivity against deformation of a green tire when stored in an unvulcanized state. Also provided is a steel cord for reinforcing rubber articles with a multi-twisted structure in which a plurality of strands 11, 12 formed by twisting a plurality of wires 1, 2, 3 together in a layered-twisted structure are twisted together in a 2-layer-twisted structure. The cord mass is from 35 g/m to 65 g/m, and the ratio of flexural rigidity G (N·mm2) to cord cross section A (mm2), G/A (N) is from 400 N to 650 N.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 2, 2013
    Publication date: March 19, 2015
    Applicant: BRIDGESTONE CORPORATION
    Inventor: Yukimasa Fukuda
  • Publication number: 20150068655
    Abstract: Disclosed is a tire-reinforcing steel cord for a radial tire. The tire-reinforcing steel cord has a double layer structure including a first-layer core and a second-layer core provided on the surface of the first-layer core. The first-layer core has an elliptical or rectangular cross section. The tire-reinforcing steel cord can improve processability, fatigue characteristics, and rolling resistance performance of a tire, resulting in improved fuel efficiency. A radial tire using the tire-reinforcing steel cord is also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 9, 2014
    Publication date: March 12, 2015
    Applicant: HANKOOK TIRE CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Kwan Woo JUNG, Il Yong PARK, Kum Kang HWANG, Ill Soon JANG, Ji Wan LEE, Mi Jung LEE
  • Patent number: 8973634
    Abstract: Composite reinforcement (R-2) that is self-adhesive by curing to a diene rubber matrix, which can be used as reinforcing element for a tire, comprising: at least one reinforcing thread (20), for example a carbon steel cord; a first layer (21) of a thermoplastic polymer, the glass transition temperature of which is positive, for example 6,6 polyamide, covering said thread; and a second layer (22) comprising an unsaturated thermoplastic stirene elastomer, the glass transition temperature of which is negative, for example an SBS (stirene-butadiene-stirene) copolymer, covering the first layer (21). Process for manufacturing such a composite reinforcement and rubber article or semi-finished product, especially a tire, incorporating such a composite reinforcement.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 12, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2015
    Assignees: Michelin Recherche et Technique S.A., Compagnie Generale des Etablissements Michelin
    Inventors: Emmanuel Custodero, Sebastien Rigo
  • Publication number: 20150059954
    Abstract: A pneumatic tire includes a pair of axially spaced apart annular bead structures, a carcass structure wrapped around each bead structure and having a pair of carcass turnups substantially contiguous with the carcass structure from the bead structure to radially outer ends of the pair of carcass turnups, a belt structure disposed radially outward of the carcass structure in a crown area of the pneumatic tire, an overlay structure disposed radially outward of the belt structure, and a component comprising a non-adhesive core structure and a coating applied to the core structure with the coating providing adhesion to a surrounding matrix for the core structure.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 27, 2013
    Publication date: March 5, 2015
    Applicant: The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company
    Inventors: Robert Edward Lionetti, Olivier Marcel Eugene Durand, John Woods, Raphael Beck