Superheating And Pressure Release Patents (Class 159/2.1)
  • Patent number: 10143941
    Abstract: A static devolatilisation apparatus (1) adapted for devolatilising a viscous liquid (2) comprising a volatile component is disclosed. The apparatus (1) comprises a phase separation chamber (100) in an upper region (5) for treating the viscous liquid (2) in a first devolatilisation step to form a first devolatilised viscous liquid (21), and a distributor sub-unit 200 is located below the phase separation chamber (100) and above a lower sump region (4). The sub-unit (200) has a second discharge region (222) embodied such that it is contacted by the first devolatilised viscous liquid (21), and the region (222) has a surface (223) embodied such that the first devolatilised viscous liquid (21) is treated in a second devolatilisation step. The present invention further relates to a process to devolatilising a viscous liquid using the apparatus (1) and also to the use of the apparatus (1) in the devolatilisation of polymer melt or solution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 3, 2014
    Date of Patent: December 4, 2018
    Assignee: Sulzer Chemtech AG
    Inventor: François Loviat
  • Patent number: 9546099
    Abstract: An evaporator assembly includes an inlet member and a diffuser, and receives a mixture of a gas and a solution to vaporize a portion of a solvent from the solution. First portions of the diffuser and of the inlet member collectively define a first flow path. A second portion of the diffuser defines a second flow path that diverges. A third portion of the diffuser and a second portion of the inlet member collectively define an evaporation volume between the first flow path and the second flow path. At least one of the diffuser or the inlet flow member includes multiple vanes that produce a rotation within a flow of the mixture when the flow exits the first flow path into the evaporation volume. A separator receives the mixture to produce a first flow of a portion of the solvent and a second flow of a portion of the solute.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 17, 2017
    Assignee: MICRONIC TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
    Inventor: Kelly P. Rock
  • Patent number: 8691054
    Abstract: The present invention provides a configuration of a multi stage flash cross tube evaporator wherein flash stages are arranged in a plurality of at least two tiers with a first flash stage to which a heated solution is fed, a plurality of intermediate flash stages and a last flash stage from which the concentrated solution is discharged in each tier, wherein the flash stages in each tier are in a serial flow communication and the flash stages of each tier are in parallel flow communication to the flash stages in the other tier(s). Such configuration allows to minimize the size of the tube bundles, flash stages and evaporator shell and consequently minimizing evaporator weight and cost.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 18, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 8, 2014
    Inventor: Friedrich Alt
  • Patent number: 8679291
    Abstract: A process for concentrating wastewater includes combining heated gas and liquid wastewater to form a mixture of heated gas and entrained liquid wastewater, breaking the entrained liquid wastewater into fine entrained liquid wastewater droplets, transferring heat from the heated gas to the entrained liquid wastewater to partially evaporate the entrained liquid wastewater, and removing a portion of the fine entrained liquid wastewater droplets from the mixture to provide a demisted gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 29, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 25, 2014
    Assignee: Heartland Technology Partners LLC
    Inventors: Bernard F. Duesel, Jr., Michael J. Rutsch, Craig Clerkin
  • Patent number: 8652304
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to an enhanced process for separating dissolved and suspended solids from valuable or harmful liquids and more particularly to improving the operational aspects and separation efficiency of treating certain water miscible fluids including those used for oil and gas processing such as glycols, as well as automobile and aircraft fluids, that have become contaminated with dissolved and/or suspended solid matter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 15, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 18, 2014
    Assignees: Prime Services Trustee Limited, VBW Trustees No. 2 Limited
    Inventor: Craig Nazzer
  • Patent number: 8545681
    Abstract: Disclosed is a process for improving the efficiency of a combined-cycle power generation plant and desalination unit. The process includes supplying exhaust gases from a gas turbine set used to generate electrical power to a heat recovery steam generator (HRSG) and then directing the steam from the HRSG to a steam turbine set. Salinous water is supplied into an effect of the desalination unit. Steam exhausted from the steam turbine set is utilized in the effect of the desalination unit to produce a distillate vapor and brine from the effect by heat exchange. Additionally, steam is introduced steam from at least one additional heat source from the combined-cycle power generation plant to the effect to increase the mass flow rate of steam into the effect. In one embodiment, the additional heat source is an intercooler heat exchanger. Heated water from the intercooler heat exchanger is provided to a reduced atmosphere flash tank, and the steam flashed in the flash tank is provided to the effect.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 1, 2013
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Andrew Philip Shapiro, Nishith Vora, Ching-Jen Tang, AliciA Jillian Jackson Hardy, Douglas Westerkamp
  • Patent number: 8518212
    Abstract: Embodiments of the invention provide an apparatus or process for devolatilization of flowable materials (such as molten polymers with entrained or dissolved solvent or unreacted monomers or comonomers) using a plate heater having heating channels, the design or operation of which heating channels maintains the flowable material above its bubble point pressure during passage through a larger first zone and then induces flashing in, or downstream of, a smaller second zone of the heating channel. The apparatus enables a higher throughput per heating channel while achieving equivalent or better devolatilization, as compared to current devolatilization apparatus.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 11, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 27, 2013
    Assignee: Dow Globarl Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Craig S. Taylor, Ravindra S. Dixit, Robert P. Shirtum
  • Patent number: 8496787
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for eliminating brine effluent from desalination plants by distillation, is disclosed. To eliminate the brine the salt is converted into a solid and all of the water in the brine is converted to distilled water. The key to achieving this is reducing or eliminating the scale formation in the heating chamber. In one embodiment the process can be used to reduce or eliminate scale formation in a vapor compression sea water desalinization system and there-by use this system to produce drinking water. This process requires no chemical additives but relies entirely upon separation of the process of vaporization of the fluid involved, from the process of heating of the fluid. In one embodiment of this apparatus sea water can be desalinated and the resulting products can be dry salt and pure water leaving no brine return to the ocean.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 26, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 30, 2013
    Inventor: Michael John Lord
  • Patent number: 8328995
    Abstract: A method and a system to produce a distillate stream from an aqueous stream containing at least one dissolved solid by a thermal distillation process using at least one of a heated aqueous stream from a turbine system intercooler and a stack heater as a heat source.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 9, 2007
    Date of Patent: December 11, 2012
    Assignee: Black & Veatch Holding Company
    Inventor: Michael J. Eddington
  • Patent number: 8282772
    Abstract: A method for processing wastewater includes the steps of introducing air and a liquid into a pump, and subjecting the air and liquid to high heat and pressure; delivering the heated and pressurized air and liquid from the pump to a gas and liquid separator to separate the air from the liquid; expanding the air from the gas and liquid separator through a nozzle to accelerate the air as it expands; injecting at least some portion of the wastewater to be processed into the air from the nozzle in an entrainment section downstream from the nozzle to entrain the wastewater into the air; passing the liquid portion from the gas and liquid separator through a valve to lower the pressure of the liquid to achieve flash evaporation of the liquid to produce water and steam; introducing the water and steam produced from the valve into the air and entrained wastewater in the entrainment section, to enhance entrainment of water into the air; and delivering the air and entrained wastewater from the entrainment section to an i
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 18, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2012
    Inventor: W Paul Jepson
  • Publication number: 20120247687
    Abstract: A vessel header comprising a plurality of lateral flow tubes arranged in a parallel configuration and entering the vessel header through alternating header penetrations with a single header penetration per lateral flow tube. A method of increasing the throughput of a polymerization reaction comprising conducting the polymerization reaction in a reaction vessel comprising a plurality of lateral flow tubes arranged in a parallel configuration and entering the vessel header through alternating header penetrations with a single header penetration per lateral flow tube wherein the polymerization reaction displays an increase in throughput of 10% and a decrease in volatiles of from 5% to 10% when compared to a polymerization reaction carried out in a reaction vessel lacking a plurality of lateral flow tubes arranged in a parallel configuration and entering the vessel header through alternating header penetrations with a single header penetration per lateral flow tube.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 18, 2012
    Publication date: October 4, 2012
    Applicant: FINA TECHNOLOGY, INC.
    Inventors: John Tomlinson, Roy Kennedy, Jose M. Sosa
  • Patent number: 8241459
    Abstract: A vessel header comprising a plurality of lateral flow tubes arranged in a parallel configuration and entering the vessel header through alternating header penetrations with a single header penetration per lateral flow tube. A method of increasing the throughput of a polymerization reaction comprising conducting the polymerization reaction in a reaction vessel comprising a plurality of lateral flow tubes arranged in a parallel configuration and entering the vessel header through alternating header penetrations with a single header penetration per lateral flow tube wherein the polymerization reaction displays an increase in throughput of 10% and a decrease in volatiles of from 5% to 10% when compared to a polymerization reaction carried out in a reaction vessel lacking a plurality of lateral flow tubes arranged in a parallel configuration and entering the vessel header through alternating header penetrations with a single header penetration per lateral flow tube.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 21, 2006
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2012
    Assignee: Fina Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: John Tomlinson, Roy Kennedy, Jose M. Sosa
  • Patent number: 8075740
    Abstract: A system for treating feedwater includes a fluidized bed heat exchanger unit connected to receive feedwater and a flash concentrator column connected to receive feedwater discharged from the fluidized bed heat exchanger unit. A spray dryer is provided to receive a solids/liquid slurry discharged from the flash concentrator column. Feedwater can be treated by converting dissolved solids in the feedwater to suspended solids, vaporizing a portion of the feedwater to produce a solids/liquid slurry, and separating solids from the solids/liquid slurry.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 13, 2011
    Assignees: AHT Solutions, LLC, Watervap, LLC
    Inventors: Robert E. Bailie, Robert R. Wright
  • Patent number: 8021519
    Abstract: A system for distilling sea or brackish water includes a feed water arrangement for supplying feed water from a feed water source to one or more flashing stages. Each flashing stage has a water flash evaporator for vaporizing at least part of the water therein, and a condenser for receiving the vapour and converting at least a part of the vapour into distilled water. A heat storage arrangement provided with a heat generating source for storing heat energy is used to heat a fluid medium flowing through it. A heat exchange arrangement receives the hot fluid medium and transfers heat to a stream of vapour flowing under pressure from each flashing stage. The vapour leaving the heat exchange arrangement being at a raised temperature is arranged to be condensed into water at the condenser and to transfer some of its latent heat to the evaporator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 14, 2005
    Date of Patent: September 20, 2011
    Inventor: Gregory Mark Paxton
  • Patent number: 7981253
    Abstract: An improved de-entrainment device for use in distillation towers, especially vacuum distillation towers used for fractionating petroleum atmospheric resids is in the form of a baffle which is to be located in the portion of the tower below the feed zone and at the top of the flash zone. The baffle is in the form of an apertured plate above the stripping zone and in its preferred form comprises number of radial fins or blades, resembling a static fan with openings between the fins to permit vapors from the lower portions of the tower to pass upwards through the baffle with a minimal pressure drop. The fins of the baffle are preferably oriented at an angle between 30° and 60° away from the incoming feed so that the incoming feed stream skims over the top edges of the fins.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 26, 2007
    Date of Patent: July 19, 2011
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Research & Engineering Company
    Inventors: Arun K. Sharma, Theodore Sideropoulos, Rutton D. Patel, Brian D. Albert, Alvin U. Chen
  • Patent number: 7879197
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method and a device for the purification of an aqueous solution of an organic acid having a boiling point at atmospheric pressure of less than 450° C., which further has approximately 275 g carboxylate ions/l or less, preferably 250 g carboxylate ions/l or less, and preferably less than 1% by weight ionic impurities, calculated on the basis of the total solution. In particular, the invention relates to a method and a device for the continuous purification and concentration, on an industrial scale, of an aqueous solution of an organic acid having a boiling point at atmospheric pressure of less than 450° C. According to the method, this solution is subjected to two or more distillation steps, the first distillation step being carried out at a temperature of from 80° to 150° C. and a pressure of from 50 to 250 mbar, and the second distillation step being carried out at a temperature of from 80° to 200° C. and a pressure of from 0.01 to 50 mbar.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 16, 2008
    Date of Patent: February 1, 2011
    Assignee: Purac Biochem B.V.
    Inventors: Hendrik Martinus Winkelaar, Jan Van Breugel, Margarita Camprubi Vila, Jose Maria Vidal Lancis
  • Patent number: 7867365
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a system for producing ethanol from an organic source and that operates to purify and dry ethanol from a beer source. The system for producing substantially anhydrous ethanol comprises: (a) a first distillation stripping column; (b) a second distillation rectifying column having a higher operating temperature than said stripping column; (c) a molecular sieve dehydration means in fluid communication with said rectifying column. Heat from the overhead of the second distillation rectifying column and the molecular sieve dehydration are used to heat the first distillation stripping column.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 29, 2004
    Date of Patent: January 11, 2011
    Assignee: Thermal Kinetics Systems, LLC
    Inventor: Christopher J. Brown
  • Patent number: 7850826
    Abstract: The present invention provides a multi stage flash long tube evaporator with flash stages arranged in a plurality of at least three tiers, wherein each tier is divided into a plurality of at least two flash stages and a plurality of at least three tube bundles are arranged in parallel and in a longitudinal direction in each tier. This configuration allows to minimize the evaporator shell volume, shell surface, foot print and weight, minimizing the cost of an evaporator and other related plant cost. This configuration is in particular suitable for large evaporator unit capacities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 18, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 14, 2010
    Inventor: Friedrich Alt
  • Patent number: 7822583
    Abstract: A design method of batch falling strand devolatilizers is disclosed. The method includes following steps. Firstly, construct a database that contains data of batch falling strand devolatilizer vs. devolatilization of at least one kind of polymer. Then data in the database is substituted into a mass balance difference equation to get a backmixing parameter. When the backmixing parameter is zero or is approaching zero, a liquid diffusion stage efficiency equation having a film equation or a pool equation is integrated with the mass balance difference equation to get a devolatilization process efficiency equation. By optimizing of a theoretical value of the backmixing parameter, a theoretical value of the process efficiency from calculation of the devolatilization process efficiency equation approaches the value of the process efficiency.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 16, 2007
    Date of Patent: October 26, 2010
    Assignee: Chung Shan Institute of Science and Technology, Armaments Bureau, M.N.D.
    Inventors: Tai-Kang Liu, Chi-Fa Hsieh
  • Patent number: 7754849
    Abstract: A devolatilizer nozzle comprising at least one perforated flow tube having a non-circular cross-section. In an embodiment, the non-circular cross-section has equal to or greater than 3 sides. The non-circular cross-section of said nozzle may be a triangle, diamond, pentagon, hexagon, heptagon, or octagon. A majority of the perforations in the flow tube of said nozzle may have a maximum strand angle of equal to or less than 45 degrees. The nozzle may further comprise tapered holes, which may be formed by a water jet. The nozzle may further comprise a plurality of parallel flow tubes. The nozzle may comprise 304 stainless steel, AL-6XN stainless steel, or LDX 2101 stainless steel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 1, 2006
    Date of Patent: July 13, 2010
    Assignee: Fina Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: Carlos R. Corleto, John Tomlinson
  • Patent number: 7749360
    Abstract: A vapor based liquid purification system and process utilizes an evaporator for evaporating a liquid into a vapor and a vapor condenser for condensing the vapor into the processed liquid. The vapor condenser has a stator and a rotor, with the rotor disposed for rotation about the stator. The stator and the rotor each have protrusions proximate to an inlet of the vapor condenser. These protrusions cooperate to draw vapor from the evaporator into the vapor condenser. The stator and the rotor each further have at least one axially extending ridge. These ridges cooperate to move a mixture of the vapor and the processed liquid towards at least one drain in the rotor where the processed liquid is communicated to an outlet of the vapor condenser. A multi-level vapor based purification system may also be utilized.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 5, 2006
    Date of Patent: July 6, 2010
    Inventor: Wesley K. Waldron
  • Patent number: 7682484
    Abstract: A devolatilizer apparatus and method for devolatilization of viscous polymer liquids yields polymer products with very low levels of residual volatile components. A stream of liquid polymer is dropped through a first vacuum chamber, thereby removing a portion of the volatile components. The stream is collected at the bottom of the first chamber, and is re-circulated to a manifold and liquid distributor assembly in a second chamber in the same vessel. The stream flows by gravity through the second chamber, which is maintained at a higher level of vacuum than the first chamber. Improved devolatilization is accomplished by exposing the polymer liquid to multiple stages of vacuum in a single vessel. The first chamber may be located generally above the second chamber, but in the same vessel, with the stream falling through the second chamber a first time before re-circulation to the manifold.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2006
    Date of Patent: March 23, 2010
    Assignee: Process Development Services, Inc.
    Inventors: Peter R. Cowley, Randolph E. Newman
  • Patent number: 7628893
    Abstract: A method and an apparatus is provided for the separation of liquid-liquid and liquid-solids compositions by flash evaporation in a heated vacuum chamber. The compositions are injected through an atomizing spray nozzle having a spray cone downward of about 30 to 150 degrees. The compositions are preheated and injected under pressure into the preheated vacuum evaporation chamber. The vaporized liquid that is formed is collected in a condenser which draws the vapors by vacuum or pressure differential. Any solids are collected at the bottom of the vacuum chamber as semi-dry or dry solids.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 1, 2005
    Date of Patent: December 8, 2009
    Assignees: Pure Energy Technology Co, PPT Research Inc.
    Inventors: David William Bonser, Irl E. Ward, Alan R. Duly
  • Patent number: 7470348
    Abstract: A separation system has a distillation column, an overhead vapor supply pipe connected to the top of the distillation column, first and second branch pipes branching from the overhead vapor supply pipe and a superheater connected to the first branch pipe. A separator downstream of the superheater has a separation membrane for separating overhead vapor from the top of the distillation column into permeable vapor and nonpermeable vapor by allowing only a selected portion of the overhead vapor to permeate the separation membrane. A reflux unit has a condenser connected to the second branch pipe for cooling a portion of the overhead vapor into a liquid and a gas-liquid separator for separating gas from the liquid produced by cooling and returning the separated liquid into the top of the distillation column.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 29, 2003
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2008
    Assignees: Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd., Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation
    Inventors: Yoshio Seiki, Kazuto Kobayashi, Yoshiyuki Takeuchi, Hiroyuki Osora, Keiichi Akimoto, Noritaka Matsumoto, Motoki Numata, Hiroaki Shimazu
  • Patent number: 7465376
    Abstract: The invention provides for the removal of impurities from treatment fluid including a base liquid and a variety of impurities contained in the base liquid by conveying the treatment fluid to at least one preheating separating device, including a preheating heat exchanger and a separator unit, before the admixture of a carrier gas to the treatment fluid. The treatment fluid is preheated by the preheating heat exchanger to a temperature below the boiling temperature of a base liquid so that the liquid impurities with lower boiling temperatures than the base liquid are evaporated and expelled thermally, whereby the evaporated and expelled impurities are separated in the separator unit of the preheating separator device. The treatment fluid is then evaporated and separated from impurities having a higher boiling point than the base liquid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 9, 2002
    Date of Patent: December 16, 2008
    Inventors: Joachim Neubert, Karl-Ferdinand Staab
  • Patent number: 7442348
    Abstract: A sulfur-bearing residue treatment system is provided for the recovery of valuable organic components and the reduction of capital costs and operating costs. The treatment system involves the use of a stripping vessel in conjunction with a heating apparatus. All elements of the treatment system may be coupled together to form one integral piece of equipment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 17, 2005
    Date of Patent: October 28, 2008
    Assignee: Rohm and Haas Company
    Inventors: Curtis Instad Carlson, Jr., Michael Stanley DeCourcy, Jamie Jerrick John Juliette, Thomas Albert Kaminski, Nelson Ivan Quiros, Paul Benjamin Schladenhauffen
  • Patent number: 7416642
    Abstract: A system for cooling a heated juice by partial low-pressure evaporation, the system includes a vat with at least two compartments that are connected to each other through a variably positioned shutter element, where the juice is subjected to decreasing pressure reductions within the vat and the movement of the variably positioned shutter element creates a pulsed effect that removes solid particles contained in the juice.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 29, 2002
    Date of Patent: August 26, 2008
    Assignee: Centre National de la Recherche Scientific (CNRS)
    Inventors: Jean-Pierre Nadeau, Dominique Cadiot, Patrick Sebastian, David Callede
  • Publication number: 20080176100
    Abstract: An evaporating device including: a material retaining part for being filled with an evaporating material and heating the evaporating material; an opening for dispersing the evaporating material vaporized from the material retaining part toward an evaporated member; and a high-temperature body disposed between the material retaining part and the opening, the high-temperature body being heated to a temperature higher than a temperature of the evaporating material heated in the material retaining part.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 14, 2008
    Publication date: July 24, 2008
    Applicant: SONY CORPORATION
    Inventors: Naoki Uetake, Hiroshi Kano, Akira Saito
  • Patent number: 7390380
    Abstract: Incoming wastewater is preheated in a heat exchanger before delivery to a flash chamber through an orifice for flashing into water vapor rising into an upper section of the flash chamber which also has a bottom section into which liquid waste oil or other contaminants settles. Rise of such water vapor into the upper chamber section is induced by a vacuum established therein by a vacuum pump withdrawing the water vapor in a superheated and compressed condition for cooling within a condenser from which the incoming wastewater is delivered to a heat exchanger for preheating. The water vapor during rise into the upper section of the flash chamber is filtered to extract contaminates therefrom while liquefied water vapor thereafter formed therein is collected before the remaining water vapor is cooled into the condensate for collection within a distillate tank from which it is withdrawn for overboard discharge after being monitored for oil content.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 11, 2004
    Date of Patent: June 24, 2008
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Navy
    Inventor: Henry J. Molintas
  • Patent number: 7351312
    Abstract: A vessel is provided for collecting a process stream and fractionating the process stream into a liquid and gas phase in the vessel. Cooling may be provided by an internal bath and/or an external bath. The liquid phase retained in the vessel and the gas phase collected in lots from the vessel may be delivered to a lab for analysis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 2003
    Date of Patent: April 1, 2008
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventor: Jessy E. Trucko
  • Publication number: 20080058481
    Abstract: A process is provided for recovering polymer solids from a polymerisation reactor effluent. The process comprises extracting the polymerisation effluent from a Slurry polymerisation reactor; passing the effluent, or a part thereof, to a flash vessel for flashing liquid in the effluent to vapour, and removing said vapour from said flash vessel; passing the polymer solids from the flash vessel to a transfer apparatus which comprises a transfer vessel; passing the polymer solids from the transfer vessel to a purging means for removing residual liquid from the polymer solids; wherein the polymer solids are passed from the flash vessel to the purging means in a continuous flow such that a quantity of polymer solids is maintained in the transfer vessel. An apparatus for performing the process is also provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 8, 2005
    Publication date: March 6, 2008
    Inventor: Hugo Vandaele
  • Patent number: 7332058
    Abstract: Disclosed is a process for devolatilizing a polymer including passing the polymer through a devolatizer including a plate heat exchanger wherein the plates of the plate heat exchanger are heated by a plurality of heating tubes and wherein the heating tube including a return tube nested inside of a supply tube. The use of the disclosed invention allows for a comparatively small heat profile across heating plates as compared to prior art plate heat exchangers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 31, 2003
    Date of Patent: February 19, 2008
    Assignee: Fina Technology, Inc.
    Inventor: Jay Reimers
  • Patent number: 7291250
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a vacuum distillation plant and a process for concentrating organic aqueous solutions, especially spissum extracts, using said plant. The vacuum distillation plant of the invention comprises a flash evaporator, a means for vapor concentration and a multi-stage condenser positioned down-stream of said means for vapor concentration, means for recycling at least part of the condensate from a condensation stage into the bottoms product being provided. In addition, the present invention relates to a process for concentrating organic aqueous solutions such as concentrated extracts using said plant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 20, 1999
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2007
    Assignee: Bionorica AG
    Inventors: Michael A. Popp, Heinz Walter Joseph, Michael R. Rannow
  • Patent number: 7268206
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for stripping residual volatile compounds contained in a thermoplastic polymer. The process comprises (1) forming the polymer in the form of a melt flowing as a main stream, (2) forming a foaming agent in the form of one or more secondary liquid streams, (3) adding the secondary stream(s) to the main stream by spraying so as to divide each secondary liquid stream into several fractional streams and thus to form a polymer melt/foaming agent pre-mixture, (4) introducing the pre-mixture into a static mixer, then into an expansion chamber at reduced pressure so as to separate the polymer melt from the residual volatile compounds and from the foaming agent, and (5) withdrawing the polymer melt from the expansion chamber. The invention also relates to an apparatus for removing residual volatile compounds contained in a thermoplastic polymer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 14, 2003
    Date of Patent: September 11, 2007
    Assignee: Ineos Europe Limited
    Inventors: Jean-Marc Galewski, Hugues Goujon, Nathalie Ville
  • Patent number: 7252743
    Abstract: An low concentration dope is fed through a nozzle into a concentrating apparatus, and flash evaporation of the low concentration dope is performed at an end of the nozzle. The low concentration dope is concentrated thereby to an concentrating dope which is contained and heated in the concentrating apparatus. Thus part of solvents of the low concentration dope and the concentrating dope is evaporated to a solvent gas. The solvent gas is cooled and condensed in a condensing section of the concentrating apparatus, and thereafter drawn through a first exit from the concentrating apparatus. The concentrating dope is concentrated to a high concentration dope, which is drawn through a second exit from the concentrating apparatus.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 2006
    Date of Patent: August 7, 2007
    Assignee: Fujifilm Corporation
    Inventors: Yukihiro Katai, Tadahiro Tsujimoto, Misao Takahashi
  • Patent number: 7153394
    Abstract: A process to isolate dianhydride from an exchange reaction comprises extracting a bisimide/anhydride exchange reaction aqueous phase with an organic solution comprising an exchange catalyst at a first temperature and pressure to form an extracted aqueous phase comprising water, exchange catalyst and a dianhydride precursor; removing water from the extracted aqueous phase at a second temperature and pressure to form a molten phase, wherein the second pressure is less than the first pressure; removing water and exchange catalyst from the molten phase at a third temperature and pressure to form an isolation mixture; and converting the dianhydride precursor in the isolation mixture to dianhydride at a fourth temperature and pressure, wherein the fourth temperature is greater than the second and third temperatures and the fourth pressure is less than the second and third pressures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 19, 2003
    Date of Patent: December 26, 2006
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Thomas Link Guggenheim, David Anthony Mongilio
  • Patent number: 7146746
    Abstract: A method of decontamination includes generating a decontamination gas by evaporating an aqueous solution in which the decontamination gas with a higher boiling point than water is dissolved. The decontamination gas is charged into a hermetically sealed decontamination chamber, and then condensed therein. A condensed liquid layer is formed in a form of a thin film on an outer surface of a decontamination subject in the hermetically sealed decontamination chamber. The condensed liquid layer is evaporated at least partially by supplying unsaturated gas into the hermetically sealed decontamination chamber. The unsaturated gas does not saturate in the hermetically sealed decontamination chamber. The decontamination gas is re-condensed after the evaporating step to re-form the condensed liquid layer, by closing supply of the unsaturated gas and re-charging the decontamination gas into the hermetically sealed decontamination chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 5, 2006
    Date of Patent: December 12, 2006
    Assignee: Airex Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Koji Kawasaki
  • Patent number: 7140122
    Abstract: A method of treating a waste stream comprises a vacuum treatment to promote disintegration of the waste material by “flash vapor” production, causing a swiftly vaporizing fraction inside the material to literally explode or shred apart the matrix of the material as a whole. A main processor operates at a level of vacuum that determines a given boiling temperature for a vaporizing fraction, and one which lower than the fraction's boiling temperature for the local vicinity's barometric pressure (eg., atmospheric pressure). The input stream is pre-heated to above the given boiling temperature for that fraction as determined by the main processor's vacuum level without, however, going over the boiling temperature for the local barometric pressure. It is then introduced into the vacuum of the main processor whereby a minor percentage of the vaporizing fraction flashes into vapor, and this presumptively promotes destruction and/or disintegration of the material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 24, 2005
    Date of Patent: November 28, 2006
    Assignee: Micronics, LLC
    Inventors: Randall G. Adams, Marshall R. Franklin
  • Patent number: 7008516
    Abstract: According to a method of desalinating sea water, sea water sampled from deep sea is injected into a decompression chamber of a reduced pressure tank having a steam chamber, steam at an atmospheric pressure superheated to a boiling temperature or higher by high-frequency heating is supplied to the steam chamber at a surrounding of the decompression chamber at an interval of a heat conducting wall therebetween, water in the sea water is evaporated by heating sea water in the decompression chamber and the evaporated water is condensed to thereby provide fresh water. Concentrated sea water remains in the decompression chamber and therefore, the method can be utilized also as a method of concentrating sea water. Salt can be obtained by further evaporating the water of the concentrated sea water as necessary.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 26, 2002
    Date of Patent: March 7, 2006
    Inventors: Yoshinobu Kozuka, Yoshimasa Shimbo
  • Patent number: 6969446
    Abstract: Process for producing a nitric acid of a concentration from 75 to 99.9% from a more diluted nitric acid, wherein a nitric acid of a concentration of about 45 to 70% is rectified in contact with a liquid extraction medium to prevent the formation of a nitric acid-water-azeotropic mixture, and the vapors of the concentrated nitric acid are condensed and a concentrated nitric acid is obtained and wherein additionally the extraction medium is reconstituted through reconcentration and returned into the extractive rectification, wherein the nitric acid to be concentrated is fed as a boiling liquid or partially vaporized to the extractive rectification preferably carried out in two columns (K 1.0, K 1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 22, 2000
    Date of Patent: November 29, 2005
    Assignee: QVF Engineering GmbH
    Inventors: Gottfried Dichtl, Frank Dorstewitz, Manfred Sassenberg, Ulrich Walter
  • Patent number: 6958107
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for separating the components of a feed material prior to or simultaneously with at least partially vaporizing one of the components is described. The apparatus comprises at least one inlet (8) for admitting the feed material (10) containing the two components to the apparatus (2) wherein a device for introducing a first movement to the feed material is located, such as, for example, an in-line swirl generator (14), which imparts a swirling movement to the feed material to partially separate the components into two swirling flows. The partially separated material on emerging from the in-line swirl generator (14) is in an evaporation tube (20) in which the more volatile component is vaporized to further assist in separating the two components into a liquid component and a gaseous or vapor component. The liquid component and the vapor phase are discharged from the apparatus in two streams through the same outlet (36).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 1999
    Date of Patent: October 25, 2005
    Assignee: Alcos Technologies Pty Ltd
    Inventors: Neville Clarke, Paul Woodley
  • Patent number: 6939444
    Abstract: A sulfur-bearing residue treatment system is provided for the recovery of valuable organic components and the reduction of capital costs and operating costs. The treatment system involves the use of a stripping vessel in conjunction with a heating apparatus. All elements of the treatment system may be coupled together to form one integral piece of equipment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 7, 2002
    Date of Patent: September 6, 2005
    Assignee: Rohm and Haas Company
    Inventors: Curtis Instad Carlson, Jr., Michael Stanley DeCourcy, Jamie Jerrick John Juliette, Thomas Albert Kaminski, Nicole Rendon Koegel, Nelson Ivan Quiros, Paul Benjamin Schladenhauffen, Peter John Schmeidler, Robert R. Maven, William Harry Engle, Jr., Arthur Meisch
  • Patent number: 6936140
    Abstract: A distillation system is provided for recovering water from sea water and other polluted water source. The system has a heat engine embodying Carnot cycle and a Rankine cycle formed by heat exchangers, flash evaporator and condenser. Burnt gases from the engine such as a jet engine no longer fit for flying are directed into a duct where the exchangers are located. Sea water is pumped into the heat exchanger for preheating by residue heat in the duct and then into the exchanger for further heating. A recirculating pump raises water pressure in the exchanger for increasing boiling point to about 165° C. The heated water is fed into the evaporator where it changes into vapour and condensed into water by the condenser. The jet air stream is used to create Venturi effect for maintaining sub-atmospheric pressure in the evaporator. Any solid left in the evaporator is removed by a transfer mechanism.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 2, 2001
    Date of Patent: August 30, 2005
    Assignee: Aqua Dyne, Inc.
    Inventors: Gregory Mark Paxton, Patrick Joseph Glynn
  • Patent number: 6887345
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process and a device for evaporating liquids, for example black liquor from cellulose cooking, which contain solid and dissolved substances which are to be concentrated. The liquid is heated to close to boiling temperature in a heat exchanger (1) of the falling-film type. The process is characterized in that the pressure on the liquid side in the falling-film heat exchanger (1) is kept so high that boiling does not take place in this heat exchanger and in that the evaporation takes place, by means of flashing, in a separate expansion tank (7) that has a lower steam.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 20, 2001
    Date of Patent: May 3, 2005
    Assignee: Kvaerner Pulping AB
    Inventors: Ismo Hirvonen, Randy Stern
  • Patent number: 6869501
    Abstract: A process for evaporating a portion of a colloidal solution, said process including: a) passing a colloidal solution, said colloidal solution including particles in a liquid medium, wherein at least a portion of said liquid medium includes at least one volatile component, through one or more orifices into an evaporation zone that has at least one inner surface, wherein said colloidal solution does not substantially contact said at least one inner surface of said evaporation zone as said colloidal solution is passed through said evaporation zone; b) applying pressure in said evaporation zone that is lower than the vapor pressure of said colloidal solution as it is passed into said evaporation zone, allowing for flash evaporation of at least a portion of said at least one volatile component from said colloidal solution; c) adjusting the pressure in said evaporation zone to evaporate an amount of said at least one volatile component from said colloidal solution; and d) collecting the remaining colloidal solution
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 2001
    Date of Patent: March 22, 2005
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Robert S. Davidson, Danny B. Anderson, Richard A. Gerth, David R. Holm
  • Patent number: 6797125
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method of treating condensates containing compounds, which are more volatile than water, in an evaporation plant, where liquid, such as effluent liquid from a pulp or paper mill is evaporated in multiple effects and where condensates generated in the evaporation are flashed and purified in a steam stripping column. In the method, the condensates from at least two evaporation effects are combined and flashed together, and the vapor obtained from the flashing is made to contact with a condensate stream to be purified in the stripping column, wherefrom the impurities-containing vapor and the purified condensate stream are discharged.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 7, 2002
    Date of Patent: September 28, 2004
    Assignee: Andritz Oy
    Inventors: Risto Honkanen, Jan E Öhman
  • Publication number: 20040173449
    Abstract: A system for cooling a heated juice by partial low-pressure evaporation, said juice comprising a charged liquid, preferably juice from a harvested crop, said system comprising a vat in which the juice is subjected to various pressure reductions, said vat (4) comprising at least two compartments(5,6) which communicate with each other by means of a pulsed-effect valve, said juice being subjected to two different decreasing pressure reductions in said compartments, each compartment being connected to a condenser (19,25) which can condense the vapor produced by the pressure reduction. The condensers are serially mounted or parallel mounted and connected to a common vacuum pump (34) by means of at least one control valve (18) which can permanently adjust the pressure in each condenser to a value which is lower than the saturating vapor pressure corresponding to the temperature of the vapor created in each of the condensers.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 4, 2004
    Publication date: September 9, 2004
    Inventors: Jean-Pierre Nadeau, Dominique Cadiot, Patrick Sebastian, David Callede
  • Patent number: 6780281
    Abstract: A strand devolatilizer that includes a degassing container, a product inlet, a product distributor, a product outlet and a vapor outlet is disclosed. The product distributor is in the form of a tube distributor with at least one distributor tube (1) and a plurality of die tubes (2) arranged in parallel, each containing a plurality of apertures (15) in the tube wall. The die tubes (2) are preferably arranged in several planes one above the other and staggered laterally relative to one another.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 22, 2002
    Date of Patent: August 24, 2004
    Assignee: Bayer Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Thomas Elsner, Jürgen Heuser, Christian Kords, Klemens Kohlgrüber
  • Patent number: 6761799
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method and an arrangement for use in connection with the combustion of black liquor. In the method the black liquor is concentrated in a multi-effect evaporation plant in order to obtain black liquor at a suitable dry-solids content for combustion and to generate vapor. The concentrated black liquor is taken to be combusted in a recovery boiler, into which combustion air is fed at several levels for the combustion process. It is a characteristic feature of the invention that the air fed to at least one air level is preheated by using vapor generated in the concentration of the black liquor as heat source.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 19, 2001
    Date of Patent: July 13, 2004
    Assignee: Andritz Oy
    Inventor: Petri Tikka
  • Patent number: H2134
    Abstract: The present invention provides a contractor apparatus and method for removing solvent from a polymer cement. The resulting polymer is substantially free of solvent and exhibits improved oil absorption and lower fines. In one aspect, a contractor is provided including a cylindrical casing having a high pressure section, a convergence section, a high velocity section, a divergence section, and a discharge section. The polymer cement is introduced into the high pressure section to significantly and unexpectedly improve solvent removal. The convergence and divergence sections have cross-sectional areas that correspond to an effective angle from about 4° to about 65°, such as 6°. The polymer cement is mixed with high pressure steam. After converging, the polymer cement forms more uniform droplets due to high shear of steam. In the divergence and discharge sections, the polymer is substantially devolatized.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 2, 2002
    Date of Patent: December 6, 2005
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Rong-Her Jean, Chin-Yuan George Ma