Shelf To Shelf Patents (Class 165/116)
  • Patent number: 10317114
    Abstract: Embodiments are disclosed to help create longitudinal refrigerant streams, for example, in a shell and tube type evaporator, so as to manage refrigerant and/or lubricant in the evaporator. In some embodiments, the shell side of the evaporator may include a plurality of longitudinally extended pans stacked in a vertical direction. In some embodiments, refrigerant can be directed onto a top pan. The refrigerant can form a longitudinal refrigerant stream along the pan and flow down to the next pan in the vertical direction and form another longitudinal refrigerant stream. Each of the pans may form a refrigerant pool to help exchange heat with a process fluid carried in heat exchanger tubes. By forming longitudinal refrigerant streams in the pans, heat exchange efficiency may be improved and a lubricant content in refrigerant streams may be concentrated toward a bottom of the evaporator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 13, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Inventors: Bin Liu, Jing Ma, Fei Huang
  • Patent number: 9909258
    Abstract: A textured mask comprising a film. The film can have a first substantially continuously flat surface lying in a first plane and a second surface opposite the first surface lying in a second plane substantially parallel to the first plane. The second surface is interrupted by a plurality of cavities, each of the cavities having a first depth defined by a third surface lying in a third plane substantially parallel to the first and second planes. The depth of the cavities can be at a distance of from about 0.1 mm to about 5 mm from the second plane. The textured mask is at least partially coated with an opaque masking agent. The textured mask can make a correspondingly structured three-dimensional papermaking belt, which can make correspondingly structured three-dimensional fibrous structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 2015
    Date of Patent: March 6, 2018
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Company
    Inventors: Geoffrey Eugene Seger, John Allen Manifold, Osman Polat, Andrew Paul Frank Milton, Robert Scadding Moir, Daniel Graham Ward, Richard Bown
  • Patent number: 9524864
    Abstract: A method of manufacture and fluid supply system for treating a substrate is provided. The fluid supply system for treating a substrate may include a substrate dry part supplying a dry fluid to dry a rinse solution doped on a substrate; a dry fluid separation part retrieving a mixed fluid that the dry fluid and the rinse solution are mixed with each other during a dry process of the substrate from the substrate dry part and separating the dry fluid from the mixed fluid; and a dry fluid supply part resupplying the dry fluid separated from the dry fluid separation part to the substrate dry part.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 8, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 20, 2016
    Inventors: Jung-Min Oh, HyoSan Lee, YongSun Ko, KyoungSeob Kim, SeokHoon Kim, KunTack Lee, YongMyung Jun, Yong-Jhin Cho
  • Patent number: 9016354
    Abstract: Cooling performance of a cooler for pre-cooling humid gas supplied to a gas turbine power generation plant, etc. is improved by increasing heat transfer efficiency between the humid gas and cooling liquid flowing in heat exchanger tubes with utilization of condensed liquid generated due to the cooling of the humid gas. In a heat exchanger for cooling humid gas a flowing surrounding heat exchanger tubes 8 of the tube groups 9a and 9b by flowing cooling liquid r in the tubes, the liquid droplets cl generated by condensation of moisture contained in the humid gas are gathered and sprinkled or fallen in drops on a part of the heat exchanger tube group 9b, which results in increased heat exchange efficiency.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 3, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 28, 2015
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Hitachi Power Systems, Ltd.
    Inventors: Satoshi Hiraoka, Koichi Inoue
  • Patent number: 8944152
    Abstract: A compact evaporator including a suction baffle system is provided for use in a refrigeration system. The suction baffle system includes a suction baffle and a passageway. The suction baffle includes a plurality of walls and is adjacent to the interior wall of shell. The passageway extends below one of the walls of the suction baffle toward the lower portion of the shell and is adjacent to the interior wall of the shell. A suction tube having an inlet is attached to the evaporator shell and the inlet is adjacent to the passageway and located partially below the suction baffle. The passageway minimizes the possibility of liquid carry-over in the suction tube that feeds into the compressor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 20, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: Johnson Controls Technology Company
    Inventors: Satheesh Kulankara, Michael Lee Buckley, Mustafa Kemal Yanik
  • Patent number: 8783054
    Abstract: A counter flow indirect evaporative heat exchanger (10) having vertically stacked alternate counter flow wet (14) and dry (12) passages where the wet passages are wetted during operation of the heat exchanger by wetting means (50, 52, 53, 54, 70, 72, 74, 76) travelling vertically of the stack. Elongately wetting of a small plurality of the total number of passages (14, 12) of the heat exchanger (10) occurs at a time during vertical travel of the wetting means.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 10, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 22, 2014
    Assignee: F.F. Seeley Nominees Pty. Ltd.
    Inventor: Robert William Gilbert
  • Patent number: 7900472
    Abstract: A heat exchange and heat transfer device comprises an evaporating/absorbing arrangement connected to a binary mixture flow circuit containing a first refrigerant fluid and a second absorbing fluid. The refrigerant fluid is evaporated in the evaporator part of the arrangement and subsequently absorbed in the absorber part by an absorbing fluid-enriched mixture. The evaporating/absorbing arrangement comprises at least two oppositely disposed reference surfaces defining evaporation and absorption components, respectively, an evaporator mass for supplying the liquid refrigerant fluid to the reference surface of the evaporation component and an absorber mass for supplying the absorbing fluid-enriched mixture to the reference surface of the absorption component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 24, 2005
    Date of Patent: March 8, 2011
    Assignee: Peugeot Citroen Automobiles SA
    Inventors: Emmanuel Boudard, Vitale Bruzzo
  • Patent number: 7066241
    Abstract: A binary-fluid heat and mass exchanger has a support structure with a plurality of horizontal vertically spaced groups of tubes mounted thereon. Each group of tubes comprises a pair of horizontal spaced hollow headers. A plurality of small diameter hollow tubes extend between the headers in fluid communication therewith. Fluid conduits connect a header of one group of tubes with a header of an adjacent group of tubes so that all of the groups of tubes will be fluidly connected. An inlet port for fluid is located on a lower group of tubes, and an exit port for fluid is connected to a higher tube group to permit fluid to flow through the tubes in all of the groups. A second inlet port for introducing a solution of fluid downwardly over the tubes is located above the support structure. An outlet port is located at the top of the support structure to convey generated vapor upwardly through the groups and out of the heat exchanger.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 19, 2004
    Date of Patent: June 27, 2006
    Assignee: Iowa State Research Foundation
    Inventor: Srinivas Garimella
  • Patent number: 6802364
    Abstract: A binary-fluid heat and mass exchanger has a support structure with a plurality of horizontal vertically spaced groups of coolant tubes mounted thereon. Each group of coolant tubes comprises a pair of horizontal spaced hollow headers. A plurality of small diameter hollow coolant tubes extend between the headers in fluid communication therewith. Fluid conduits connect a header of one group of coolant tubes with a header of an adjacent group of coolant tubes so that all of the groups of coolant tubes will be fluidly connected. An inlet port for coolant fluid is located on a lower group of coolant tubes, and an exit port for coolant fluid is connected to a higher coolant group to permit coolant fluid to flow through the coolant tubes in all of the groups. A second inlet port for introducing a dilute solution of fluid downwardly over the coolant tubes is located above the support structure. A third inlet port for introducing a vapor to move upwardly through the groups is located below the lowermost group.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 2000
    Date of Patent: October 12, 2004
    Assignee: Iowa State University Research Foundation, Inc.
    Inventor: Srinivas Garimella
  • Patent number: 6695043
    Abstract: An evaporator has main passages placed in a heat-exchange relationship, an arrangement for forming a pool of the liquid to be evaporated so that it flows through at least a first of the main passages, and a device for introducing a refrigerant into at least a second of the main passages so that evaporation of the liquid is ensured.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 1999
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2004
    Assignee: L'Air Liquide - Societe Anonyme a Directoire et Conseil de Surveillance pour l'Etude et l'Exploitation des Procedes Georges Claude
    Inventors: Marc Wagner, Jean-Yves Thonnelier, Etienne Werlen, Jean-Renaud Brugerolle, Jean-Yves Lehman
  • Patent number: 6420100
    Abstract: A process for making a deflection member comprises steps of: providing a coating of a liquid curable material supported by a forming surface; providing a source of curing radiation; providing a mask having a pattern of transparent regions and opaque regions therein, and a pattern of a three-dimensional topography; positioning the mask in a face-to-face contact with the coating to selectively shield the coating with the opaque regions of the mask, and to form in the coating a three-dimensional pattern approximating the three-dimensional topography of the mask; curing the curable material, wherein the opaque regions of the mask at least partially shield selected areas of the coating from the curing radiation such that the selected areas are cured through at least a portion of their thickness; and then removing substantially all uncured material to leave a hardened resinous structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 24, 2000
    Date of Patent: July 16, 2002
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Company
    Inventors: Paul Dennis Trokhan, Larry Leroy Huston
  • Patent number: 6032932
    Abstract: A contacting grate or panel for mass transfer or heat exchange comprising a substantially rectangular supporting framework having two connecting frame members extending along opposite side edges and a number of elongate supporting frame members extending between the connecting frame members. A series of small, parallel plates are mounted along each of the supporting frame members and each plate is relatively short. The grate has two relatively large and opposite sides and the planes in which the plates lie are perpendicular to these two opposite sides. Preferably, each plate lies in a plane which extends at an acute angle of less than 90 degrees to a longitudinal central axis of its respectively supporting frame member. A number of these grates can be connected together at their corners to form a module.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 27, 1998
    Date of Patent: March 7, 2000
    Inventor: Richard Sixsmith
  • Patent number: 5865242
    Abstract: A modular heat exchanging element including a frame, vertical plates and ribs. The individual heat exchanging elements can be coupled together and/or layered on top of each other and can be manufactured by one single thermal fusion process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 1997
    Date of Patent: February 2, 1999
    Inventor: Bruno Neri
  • Patent number: 5603377
    Abstract: A heat pipe includes: a pipe barrel; and a large number of fins disposed on the peripheral surface of the pipe barrel at least on either a heat collecting section side or a radiating section side, each of the fins is attached to the pipe barrel on a plane perpendicular to the axis of the pipe barrel, and each of the fins is composed of a metal plate and net-like material adhered to both surfaces of the metal plate.A heat exchanger of gas-liquid contacting plate type includes: a plurality of heat transfer plates, disposed vertically at certain intervals, defining air flow passages therebetween which allow air to rise, and each of the plates has a heat medium flowing passage thereinside for allowing a heat medium to flow therethrough while the side surfaces of each of the heat transfer plates, which define the air flow passages, are adhered with nets for allowing a liquid to flow downward along the nets and plates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 21, 1996
    Date of Patent: February 18, 1997
    Assignees: The Kansai Electric Power Co., Inc., Mitsubishi Jukogyo Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Masumi Fujii, Taiichiro Suda, Yoshitsugu Hotta, Koichi Kitamura, Yukihiro Jinno, Tomio Mimura, Shigeru Shimojo, Masaki Iijima, Shigeaki Mitsuoka
  • Patent number: 5366667
    Abstract: A contactor for the transfer of matter and heat between gas and liquid comprising a helical support of heat conductive material allowing the flow of a liquid to be treated, a wall of heat conductive material and in thermal contact with the said support, separating in sealing-tight manner the said liquid and a heat exchanging fluid, characterized in that the said support and the said wall are formed by a vertical stack of open work plates of a heat conductive material, offset angularly in respect of one another by rotation according to the axis of the said support, each plate thus forming an element of the said support, like a step of a spiral staircase, and an element of the said wall, in such a way as to obtain an economical and efficient evaporator or absorber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 15, 1993
    Date of Patent: November 22, 1994
    Assignee: Pechiney Recherche
    Inventor: Pierre Le Goff
  • Patent number: 4953537
    Abstract: A barrel-shaped solar roofing element consisting of a portion of a conical-shaped panel of a material such as PVC plastic formed by injection molding adapted for receiving an impingement of solar energy upon an outer surface thereof and constructed of insulative material having a relatively thin dimension, a passway extending throughout the panel for conduiting a heat exchanger fluid, the passway having a male coupling at one edge of the panel and a female coupling at a generally distal edge of the panel and constituting a fluid circuit, or at least a portion thereof, each of the male coupling and female coupling formed for interlocking with a complementary or mating kind of coupling of an adjacent panel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 18, 1989
    Date of Patent: September 4, 1990
    Assignee: Inner Solar Roof System, Inc.
    Inventor: Joseph Allegro
  • Patent number: 4757695
    Abstract: A condenser is formed from a plurality of pipes connected to a header with each pipe formed to define a lowermost straight portion on which a plurality of convoluted further straight portions are provided in the same vertical plane. Each straight portion is connected to the next by a curved connecting portion of a radius of curvature substantially equal to the spacing between each straight portion and the next straight portion so that the connecting portion extends to a height above the upper straight portion to which it is connected to. This ensures that each straight portion acts as a liquid trap to retain the condensate therein with the condensate and gas being bubbled over each connecting portion to move into the next liquid trap. The gas is injected at the lower header and the liquid extracted at the upper header. This tends to keep the inner surface of the pipe wetted with the condensate thus improving heat transfer and reducing the overall size of the condenser.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 24, 1987
    Date of Patent: July 19, 1988
    Inventor: Dusan Malnar
  • Patent number: 4428360
    Abstract: A system for collecting solar heat energy includes a plurality of shingle members arranged in shingle fashion on the roof of a stucture or building. Each shingle member is formed of a web of waterproof material which is folded and seamed to define a flat, water-containing cavity therein. Each shingle member includes a flange extending on at least two sides thereof for securing the shingle member to the sub-roof by nails or the like. At least one fluid inlet coupling and fluid outlet coupling is secured to the shingle member in flow communication with the cavity. The fluid coupling members are disposed so that the shingle members may be partially overlapped and connected in open flow communication to the superjacent and subjacent shingle members.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 4, 1982
    Date of Patent: January 31, 1984
    Inventor: Howard S. Cohen
  • Patent number: 4428361
    Abstract: A solar heating roof shingle roof structure which combines the functions of a roof and a fluid conducting solar heating panel. Each shingle is a hollow body of the general size and configuration of a conventional shingle, and is provided with a fluid inlet and a fluid outlet. Shingles are assembled in a normal overlapping array to cover a roof structure, with interconnections between the inlets and outlets of successive shingles to provide a fluid path through the complete array. An inlet manifold is contained in a cap used at the peak of the roof and an outlet manifold is connected to the lowest row of shingles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 11, 1976
    Date of Patent: January 31, 1984
    Inventor: George T. Straza
  • Patent number: 4389226
    Abstract: A flow-promoting device in combination with a heated box tray open at the top in a reaction and degasification column in which a viscous or highly viscous liquid is flowing from an inlet end to an outlet end of the tray and in which a heating tube register is located to be completely covered by the liquid. The tube register includes a plurality of heating tubes spaced from each other, and the flow-promoting device has a bottom heating unit for the box tray positioned outside and along the bottom of the tray, a siphon plate mounted on the tray at a liquid inlet end of the tray and closely in front of the tube register, with the siphon plate having a bottom end extending to the underside of the tube register, and a weir positioned at the liquid outlet end of the box tray. The weir has a top edge extending at least to the topside of the tube register, and the spacing of the weir from the tube register is larger than the spacing of the siphon plate at the inlet end from the tube register.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 30, 1981
    Date of Patent: June 21, 1983
    Assignee: Chemische Werke Huls Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Eckhard Moller, Horst-Dieter Bures, Karl-Heinz Magosch, Bernt Kesper, Edgar Muschelknautz, Roland Vogelsgesang
  • Patent number: 4325429
    Abstract: An apparatus for forming a plurality of batteries, comprising a fluid containing body having a base and opposing side walls, a series of supports positioned at the corners of the body defined by intersecting side walls, a fluid inlet manifold connected to a first side wall and communicating with the body, and a fluid outlet manifold connected to a second side wall horizontally opposing the first side wall and communicating with the body, wherein the body, the legs, the fluid inlet and the fluid outlet comprise a unitary structure. The apparatus is particularly adapted for stacking in a vertical array, providing a cascading fluid arrangement, by positioning the fluid outlet of a first, upper apparatus in vertical spaced relation to the inlet of a second, lower apparatus.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 27, 1980
    Date of Patent: April 20, 1982
    Assignee: General Battery Corporation
    Inventors: William G. Bevan, Larry L. Sterling
  • Patent number: 4288393
    Abstract: A direct contact condenser is arranged to establish sequential steam flows of downward, lateral, and tortuous but collectively upward directions in a housing. Cooling liquid fed to the condenser is introduced to first overflow means for temporarily accumulating cooling liquid and for allowing excess accumulated cooling liquid to overflow. Second overflow means is provided for temporarily accumulating the cooling liquid supplied from the first overflow means, for allowing the cooling liquid to fall in multiple streams into the collectively upward steam flow zone to cause direct heat exchange between the falling cooling liquid and the steam, and for causing excess cooling water accumulated by the second overflow means to overflow. The cooling liquid overflowing from the second overflow means is supplied to the downward stream flow to cause direct heat exchange between the cooling liquid and the steam when excess accumulated cooling liquid overflows from the second overflow means.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 14, 1980
    Date of Patent: September 8, 1981
    Assignee: Tokyo Shibaura Denki Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Hideki Sekiguchi, Michizo Miyoshi, Katsutoshi Yonemura