Flue Formed Between Facing Second Fluid Containing Conduits Patents (Class 165/130)
  • Patent number: 9890692
    Abstract: An existing or new intercooler system is provided with modular fixed and removable mounting and support bracket plates that offers easy adaptability, reparability, serviceability that eliminates the need to replace an entire intercooler because a vehicle or automotive set up has been changed, portions of it has been damaged or because it has become clogged with debris. The modular and removable mounting and support bracket plates can turn existing or new intercoolers from a single automotive part into an automotive system with modular parts of different types and sizes that can be reconfigured, changed or replaced to make intercoolers fit different types of automotive system applications. These modular fixed and removable mounting and support bracket plates eliminates the need for all metal parts and permanent welding. The intercooler system having end tanks made of composite material with carbon fiber to eliminate heat retention and secured by bonding material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 22, 2017
    Date of Patent: February 13, 2018
    Inventor: Brett Turnage
  • Patent number: 9851160
    Abstract: A multi-row heat exchanger coil includes a first row of coil, a second row of coil positioned generally parallel to the first row of coil, a bent portion fluidly communicating the first and second rows of coil, an interior space formed between the first and second rows of coil, and a mounting assembly. The mounting assembly includes at least one connection member configured to connect the first and second rows, thereby securing the first and second rows of coil to each other, a mounting member configured to prevent airflow from exiting from the interior space at a side of the multi-row heat exchanger coil, and fastening mechanism configured to attach the mounting member to the connection member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 2, 2014
    Date of Patent: December 26, 2017
    Assignee: TRANE INTERNATIONAL INC.
    Inventors: Gregory Martin Peppard, Jennifer Lynn Caudill, Michael Griffith, Jun Wang
  • Patent number: 9404691
    Abstract: A condensing heat recovery unit for a portable fluid heater has a heat exchanger with a plurality of hollow rectangular heat recovery panels, a flue gas collection hood that funnels flue gas from the portable fluid heater into one side of the heat exchanger, and a condensate collector connected to the opposite side of the heat exchanger that collects flue gas condensate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 24, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 2, 2016
    Inventor: Cale Patrick Collins Kaupp
  • Patent number: 8978741
    Abstract: A device for reducing temperature variation in a plenum includes at least one pipe and a plurality of sumps containing a fluid operable to vary between a liquid state and a gaseous state depending upon a temperature of the fluid. The plurality of sumps are positioned at various locations within the plenum and the at least one pipe is in fluid communication with the plurality of sumps. In addition, the fluid, in the gaseous state, is caused to move through the at least one pipe and condense, thereby reducing the temperature at the location of the sump where the fluid was vaporized and thereby reducing temperature variation in the plenum.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 17, 2006
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P.
    Inventors: Ratnesh K. Sharma, Cullen E. Bash, Chandrakant D. Patel, Abdlmonem Beitelmal
  • Patent number: 8261563
    Abstract: An apparatus provides a high efficiency for refrigerator operation. The inclusion of a separate external evaporator and condenser that draws heat away from the common refrigerator condenser allows an increase in the intensity of the cooling process of the cooling agent, thereby diminishing electrical consumption, and decreasing the size and noise of the condenser. This is achieved by structuring the refrigerator condenser with the one tube for the cooling agent of the common refrigerator and another volume for evaporating the cooling substance of the external evaporator and condenser. Moreover, external system of natural cooling has a condenser that is located in the open air and connected to the evaporator with the help of vapor lines and condensed vapor lines.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 29, 2008
    Date of Patent: September 11, 2012
    Inventors: Lev Khrustalev, Alex Mindich
  • Patent number: 8180205
    Abstract: An electrothermal oil radiator includes a radiating body (1), an electric-control box (2) mounted on the radiating body (1) and a heating body (3) located inside the radiating body (1). The radiating body (1) includes a plurality of radiating fins (11) linked in turn. Each radiating fin (11) is hollow and sheet-like and has at least two oil leading grooves (12) inside thereof. Hollow connecting sleeves (13) extending horizontally are formed or mounted on upper and lower ends of each radiating fin (11). An oil leading hole in communication with the oil leading grooves (12) is formed in each connecting sleeve (13). The sleeves (13) on each radiating fin (11) are connected together to form a sealed oil cavity in which heat conducting oil is filled. A reinforcing radiating fin (4) is mounted between two adjacent radiating fins (11).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 12, 2007
    Date of Patent: May 15, 2012
    Inventor: Guoning Yao
  • Patent number: 7938171
    Abstract: A heat exchanger system includes a first fluid layer defining a first flowpath for a gas, a second fluid layer defining a second flowpath for a liquid, a first vapor cycle layer located between the first fluid layer and the second fluid layer for enabling heat transfer between the first and second fluid layers, a first boundary wall defining a shared boundary between the first fluid layer and the first vapor cycle layer, and a second boundary wall defining a shared boundary between the second fluid layer and the first vapor cycle layer. The first vapor cycle layer includes a working medium configured to transfer heat through an evaporation and condensation cycle, and the working medium of the first vapor cycle layer is sealed between the first and second boundary walls.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2006
    Date of Patent: May 10, 2011
    Assignee: United Technologies Corporation
    Inventors: James W. Norris, Craig A. Nordeen
  • Patent number: 7770633
    Abstract: A method for manufacturing a plate-type heat exchanger in which a heat medium is sealed in a hollow part of an airtight structure formed in the interior of a plate-like container, and the heat medium is moved by capillary force from a condensing part to an evaporating part in the hollow part along heat-medium-guiding grooves formed in the container's inside surface portions that face the hollow part; wherein a plastic workable metal plate of specific thermal conductivity is prepared; a carving tool is used to repeatedly carve out a surface portion of the metal plate at specific intervals along the surface portion, forming a plurality of plate-like fins; and a plurality of grooves formed between these fins is used as heat-medium-guiding grooves.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 21, 2006
    Date of Patent: August 10, 2010
    Assignee: Nakamura Seisakusho Kabushikigaisha
    Inventor: Hideyuki Miyahara
  • Patent number: 7549464
    Abstract: A heat exchanger block includes two plates having abutting surfaces with grooves forming passages in which gaseous medium to be cooled flows. Spaces through which a cooling medium flows and which directly adjoin outer surfaces of the plates are provided in the heat exchanger block.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 25, 2006
    Date of Patent: June 23, 2009
    Assignee: SGL Carbon AG
    Inventors: Marcus Franz, Jürgen Künzel
  • Patent number: 7370691
    Abstract: The invention relates to a heat exchanger of a plate-type construction having first flow channels for a first medium, each formed by a pair of plates, and having corrugated ribs, around which a second medium flows, arranged between neighboring plate pairs. In order to provide an improved heat exchanger which allows a more compact construction of the plant when used in a heating or air conditioning unit of a motor vehicle, it is proposed that the corrugated ribs and at least one of the neighboring plate pairs form second flow channels for the second medium and the second flow channels have a curved course, so that the second medium undergoes a change of flow direction on flowing through the heat exchanger.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 2005
    Date of Patent: May 13, 2008
    Assignee: BEHR GmbH & Co.
    Inventors: Dietrich Klingler, Klaus Voigt
  • Patent number: 6953081
    Abstract: The invention relates to a plate-type heat exchanger, in which at least one first flow passage (16) for a first medium is provided between two plates (12 and 14), which form a plate pair (13). A plurality of second flow passages (18), which are connected in parallel, for a second medium are provided between two plate pairs (13). To provide a novel, improved heat exchanger, which is easier to produce, it is proposed that the second, parallel-connected flow passages (18) are formed in each case by one plate (14, 12) from adjacent plate pairs (13).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 5, 2002
    Date of Patent: October 11, 2005
    Assignee: Behr GmbH & Co.
    Inventors: Dietrich Klingler, Werner Schwahn
  • Patent number: 6914195
    Abstract: An oil-filled pole-mounted distribution transformer comprises a tank housing a transformer core-coil assembly immersed in cooling oil. The tank is made of a corrosion-proof composite material and a radiator is provided for cooling the oil. The radiator is external to the tank and has a hot oil inlet and a cool oil outlet located at different levels into the tank for causing a natural circulation of oil through the radiator by thermal siphoning.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 30, 2003
    Date of Patent: July 5, 2005
    Assignee: VA Tech Transformateurs Ferranti-Packard (Quebec) Inc.
    Inventors: Marc-Antoine Archambault, Bernard Lefebvre, Viet Pham, Daniel Bastarache, Christian Fournelle, René Laprise, Guy Morissette
  • Patent number: 6761212
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a thermosyphon heat exchanger. The thermosyphon system eliminates the need for costly and inefficient moving parts in the cooling system. The system also minimizes failures rendering the system inoperable by eliminating mechanical components subject to breakdowns that would render the system inoperable. The design of the heat exchanger coils provides for increased efficiency, reduced cost, and simplified construction and maintenance. The system further reduces the energy consumption required for cooling operation while still providing excellent cooling performance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 25, 2001
    Date of Patent: July 13, 2004
    Assignee: Liebert Corporation
    Inventor: Frank E. DiPaolo
  • Patent number: 6588421
    Abstract: A HME bypass system including a manually actuated bypass valve which is coupled into a respiratory air circuit, preferably upstream of the HME, to permit inspiratory air to be selectively passed through the HME, or to bypass the HME, depending upon the treatment desired by the healthcare provider.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 2000
    Date of Patent: July 8, 2003
    Assignee: DHD Healthcare Corporation
    Inventors: Stephen David Diehl, Edgar Delgado, Bernard Wesley Baker, Jr.
  • Publication number: 20010032718
    Abstract: A system and method are provided for cooling transformers utilizing a fluid to air heat exchanger to cool dielectric fluid flowing through the transformer. The system includes multiple vertical cooling tubes in fluid communication with the transformer to cool the dielectric fluid. The tubes are configured to create vertical air passages such that the system utilizes natural convection air flow and thermal siphoning to cool the fluid.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 22, 2001
    Publication date: October 25, 2001
    Applicant: Unifin International, Inc.
    Inventors: Geoffrey Thomas Sheerin, Christopher C. Corke, Laurie John Brescacin
  • Patent number: 6289175
    Abstract: A portable radiator has a radiator body whose radiating members are defined by first and second metal plates which together define central portions in which a heating fluid is displaced convectively, the radiating members communicating with each other through passages in the central body. A heating unit is provided in the central body for heating the fluid and an additional heating member is provided in seats formed by the heating members outwardly of the central body for heating air.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 20, 2000
    Date of Patent: September 11, 2001
    Assignee: De'Longhi S.P.A.
    Inventor: Giuseppe De' Longhi
  • Patent number: 6263157
    Abstract: The independently operating and mobile radiator including a body having a plurality of radiating members each defined by a first metal plate and a second metal plate mutually associated and by a central portion wherein heated fluid circulates at a temperature preset by a resistance, the radiating members are mutually connected through passage hubs for circulating the heated fluid inside said body, each radiating member has one region of its surface, external to the central portion, having a wall thickness equal to the thickness of the first and second metal plates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 13, 1999
    Date of Patent: July 17, 2001
    Assignee: De'Longhi S.P.A.
    Inventor: Giuseppe De' Longhi
  • Patent number: 5896914
    Abstract: The invention relates to a heater (1) for use in a room of a dwelling, preferably with a convection surface (3) and, in the case, for example, of a hot-water heater, with a water tank with an inlet and an outlet aperture. To obtain a design more advantageous concerning the use, the heater according to the invention has a separate closed storage chamber (7) containing a latent heat storage medium (8), the storage chamber (7) being heatable by radiation, convection or electrically.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 1996
    Date of Patent: April 27, 1999
    Assignee: ST Speicher-Technologie GmbH
    Inventors: Klaus Fieback, Lutz Kutzker, Thomas Kramer, Michael Matthai, Gunter Hildebrand
  • Patent number: 5685365
    Abstract: Radiator, particularly for heating rooms, including a main body defined by several radiating elements (3) having hot fluid flowing therein, each of the radiating elements being defined by at least a first and second sheet elements (6,7) having a plurality of apertures (9) for reducing the temperature on the external perimetric surface of the radiating elements; at least one of the apertures (10), besides the reduction of the temperature on said external surface, prevents the deformation of the sheet of the radiating elements while welding together the first and second sheet elements.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 17, 1996
    Date of Patent: November 11, 1997
    Assignee: De' Longhi S.p.A.
    Inventor: Giuseppe De'Longhi
  • Patent number: 5341455
    Abstract: An oil radiator, particularly for heating rooms, includes a main body defined by a plurality of mutually associated radiating elements in which a diathermic oil heated by an electric resistor circulates. Each radiating element includes a pair of mating shaped plate-like elements joined together by welding to form an oil receiving space therebetween and each having lateral surfaces provided with a series of folds which mate with the corresponding folds of the other plate-like element to define a channel-shaped air flow compartment capable of lowering the surface temperature of the oil radiator below that of the oil contained in the radiator, thus reducing burn injuries caused by inadvertent contact with the radiator. The folds also cooperate to provide the radiator with planar lateral outer surfaces to minimize impact injuries caused by collision with the radiator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 18, 1992
    Date of Patent: August 23, 1994
    Assignee: Miralfin S.R.L.
    Inventor: Giuseppe de' Longhi
  • Patent number: 4856581
    Abstract: A heat exchanger, particularly a radiator for the heating of buildings is formed with a modular unit comprising a tubular finned element of extruded aluminum in which upper and lower headers of die-cast aluminum are engaged by an interference fit and a sealing O-ring gasket. The headers being connected through couplers by bayonet type coupling. The unit being completed passivated and/or anodized against corrosion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 5, 1988
    Date of Patent: August 15, 1989
    Inventor: Gennaro Santoro
  • Patent number: 4549603
    Abstract: A convection flow heat exchanger comprises peripherally flanged upper and lower manifolds 14, 15 connected between a transformer housing 2 and an array of parallel heat exchanging plates 12 having internal fluid passages. The manifolds have openings 16 which mate with correspondingly configured openings 13 in upper and lower corners of the plates. This arrangement eliminates bottlenecks in and simplifies the cooling fluid flow path, and enables the effective heat exchange area to be increased.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 28, 1983
    Date of Patent: October 29, 1985
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Mitsuru Shirai, Nobuo Fukuda, Akira Yamamoto, Hiroshi Tsuji
  • Patent number: 4413674
    Abstract: A transformer cooling structure characterized by a plurality of coolant fluid cooling panels extending outwardly from the transformer tank wall, and the panels being comprised of a pair of sheet-like sides formed to a corrugated configuration through which the fluid flows in heat exchange with ambient air.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 1983
    Date of Patent: November 8, 1983
    Assignee: Westinghouse Electric Corp.
    Inventors: Randall N. Avery, Charles A. Clayton, Levon R. Floyd, Douglas B. Mackintosh, Willie A. Powell, Michael W. Atkins
  • Patent number: 4361184
    Abstract: The invention relates to a plate heat exchanger, which comprises a plurality of plates (1) arranged to the side of each other, each plate consisting of two metal sheets (2,3), which are welded one to the other along two parallel edges and have longitudinal bulgings in parallel with said edges. The invention has the object to produce a plate heat exchanger where the medium flowing within the plate is guided in a direction in parallel with the extension of the bulgings and back in the same direction. Each plate (1) is formed with a turning zone in that the bulgings in pairs meet in such a manner, that in the sheet plane two outermost bulgings meet along a semicircle line, thereafter the two bulgings next to the outermost ones, a.s.o., and the number of bulgings is an integer number.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 22, 1980
    Date of Patent: November 30, 1982
    Assignee: Cark Johan Lockmans Ingenjorsbyra AB
    Inventor: Folke Bengtsson
  • Patent number: 4280656
    Abstract: A lightweight, modular chimney heat economizer adapted to replace a portion of the chimney for a combustion heat source in a building. The economizer includes a plurality of flue tubes having their ends welded to a pair of spaced apart tube sheets. Connected between the tube sheets and surrounding the flue tubes are inner and outer casings between which are sandwiched a layer of nonflammable insulation. The upper and lower tube sheets include outwardly extending flanges adapted to enable the economizer to be removeably secured in place so it may be easily installed and easily removed for maintenance and repair. The casings are provided with expansion joints. The top ends of the flue tubes may be flush with or recessed from the top surface of the upper tube sheet, and an upwardly projecting flange may surround the upper ends of the flue tubes to encourage condensed products from the combustion gases to drain into the flue pipes where they may be disposed of.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 4, 1979
    Date of Patent: July 28, 1981
    Inventor: Mervin D. Swanson
  • Patent number: 4211278
    Abstract: In this panel-type radiator a pair of panels are disposed in adjacent, side-by-side relationship, and each is made of two thin dished sheets of steel. Adjacent sheets of the adjacent panels are each provided with a thin-walled embossment of generally truncated conical form having a central opening extending through its outer end. Each embossment also comprises a radially-extending flange surrounding the opening and an annular portion of rounded cross-section joining the flange and the generally conical portion of the embossment. The flanges are disposed in juxtaposition with the openings generally aligned, thus providing externally of the flanges a groove of generally V-shaped cross-section between the annular portions of the embossments. A deposit of silicon bronze forms a brazed joint between the embossments, and this deposit comprises an annular filet of silicon bronze disposed in the V-shaped groove and a film of silicon bronze between the juxtaposed flanges.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 1978
    Date of Patent: July 8, 1980
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Moreland P. Bennett, Philip A. Cacalloro, Albert J. McCloy
  • Patent number: 4209064
    Abstract: This panel-type radiator for extracting heat from liquid flowing therethrough comprises a panel through which the liquid flows in a downward direction. The panel is made from two dished metal sheets having aligned vertically-extending embossments welded together along a vertically-extending zone and providing spaced vertically-extending flow channels on opposite sides of the vertically extending zone. The portions of the sheets defining the walls of said channels are provided with vertically-spaced embossments arranged on each sheet in a generally herringbone pattern, with the individual embossments extending transversely of the vertically-extending zone via a path that slopes upwardly as the vertically-extending zone is approached.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 25, 1978
    Date of Patent: June 24, 1980
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Philip A. Cacalloro, Albert J. McCloy, Moreland P. Bennett
  • Patent number: 4160475
    Abstract: A warm water heater consists of a plurality of horizontally arranged profile elements spaced one above the other and attached to a pair of vertical posts, whereby between each pair of profile elements a horizontal air inlet gap is formed at the rearward side of the heater and a horizontal air outlet gap at the front side of the heater. The inlet gap is disposed at a lower level than the outlet gap. Each profile element is provided with an integral water channel, the ends of which communicating with vertical water channels provided in the vertical posts respectively. Plugs are inserted in the water channels in a predetermined pattern so that warm water is positively passed through the heater along a serpentine way.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 5, 1977
    Date of Patent: July 10, 1979
    Inventor: Thomas Wilbs
  • Patent number: 4126105
    Abstract: Boilers with horizontal boiler sections contain in each section several heat exchanger elements for transferring the heat from the heating medium to the heat carrier medium. They have the inherent advantage of needing a connection between sections only on one side so that the dimensional changes during operations are easily equalized and no thermal stresses occur. Heretofore, it has been assumed that the frame of such horizontal boiler sections in which the heat exchanger elements in the form of pipes are secured must be provided with a cooling channel for the liquid heat carrier medium, and consequently the specific heat output in relation to the amount of material used for the construction of the boiler section was considerably decreased.The boilers with horizontal sections in accordance with the invention overcome this problem and require only a reduced specific amount of material as compared with the known boilers of this type.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 25, 1977
    Date of Patent: November 21, 1978
    Inventors: Kurt Bottcher, Peter Metz
  • Patent number: 4098327
    Abstract: A radiator for heating installations comprises an external container consisting of component elements, and a heat exchanger which goes through the entire assembly of elements forming the radiator acting as the tie-beam which holds the elements together. A second tie beam is positioned in the upper part of the elements to hold them together. The finned tube which constitutes the heat exchanger, is provided with an internal coaxial tube, of length slightly smaller than the external tube. The primary heating fluid returns through the internal tube so that the supply of the fluid is carried out from a single extremity of the apparatus. Since the walls of the radiator are not subjected to high pressure, the radiator may be manufactured of material of modest mechanical resistance, for instance plastic material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 24, 1976
    Date of Patent: July 4, 1978
    Inventor: Vincenzo Reato
  • Patent number: 4097242
    Abstract: A sulfonation apparatus comprising a plurality of vertical first-stage reaction tubes in which the sulfonatable material and an SO.sub.3 -containing gas are flowed upwardly from the lower ends thereof and a single vertical second-stage reaction tube in which the reaction products from the upper ends of all of the first-stage reaction tubes are combined and are flowed downwardly together with fresh SO.sub.3 -containing gas in order to complete the sulfonation reaction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 22, 1977
    Date of Patent: June 27, 1978
    Assignee: Kao Soap Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Keiichi Tsuto, Kanji Majima, Shigeyasu Imamura
  • Patent number: 4036287
    Abstract: The radiator consists of a plurality of tubular elements A arranged side by side and in successive order to one another, said elements being connected at the lower and upper ends thereof.Each element is made of a parallelipipedically shaped block, the upper end whereof is tapered, whilst wings 32 and and edges 22 are provided at the opposed faces of said block to engage head against head, in order to form, between the various elements, chimney-like ducts 28, the upper openings 36-38 whereof have a smaller cross section than the lower ones, in order to increase the circulation of hot air.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 29, 1975
    Date of Patent: July 19, 1977
    Assignee: Fonderie F. IIi Perani S.p.A.
    Inventor: Giuseppe Perani
  • Patent number: 4030541
    Abstract: A multi-element radiator of plastic material wherein the elements are closed of a plurality of vertical water pipes which discharge at their upper and lower ends into cylindrical tube sections and the end-faces of adjacent tube sections are connected to form the upper and lower horizontal collecting channels.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 6, 1975
    Date of Patent: June 21, 1977
    Assignee: Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Erwin Gross, Hans Vowinkel
  • Patent number: 4019572
    Abstract: A radiator assembly having several radiator sections connected together by integral flanges which are telescoped together. Each radiator section is constructed of two metal panels which are identical and which are mated together and welded. Corrugated surfaces on each panel define ducts through which the fluid flows. The corrugation ridges on one panel are aligned with the corrugation furrows on its mating panel. The ridges on the panels are also aligned with the furrows on the facing panels of the adjacent radiator sections.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 1975
    Date of Patent: April 26, 1977
    Assignee: Westinghouse Electric Corporation
    Inventors: Larry R. Harlan, Patrick L. Thiel