Geographical Patents (Class 165/45)
  • Patent number: 10738600
    Abstract: A method for drilling a borehole penetrating an earth formation includes: drilling a first section of the borehole; notching a wall of the borehole in one or more selected locations with a selected type of notch using a notcher for defined local weakening of the formation; performing a local induced break-out test and/or local fracturing operation on an annulus section of the first section of the borehole between the drill string and a wall of the borehole using a test tool comprising a packer to provide formation stress-state data. The one or more locations is based on the formation stress-state data. The method further includes deriving stress-state of the formation and a fracturing parameter of the formation using the formation stress-state data and drilling a second section of the borehole using the derived stress-state and the fracturing parameter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 19, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 11, 2020
    Assignee: BAKER HUGHES, A GE COMPANY, LLC
    Inventors: Joerg Lehr, Harald Grimmer, Stefan Wessling
  • Patent number: 10739083
    Abstract: A system and method for storing thermal energy in a heated liquid in a pressurized vessel employs an inner and outer vessel. The inner vessel contains water or specific liquids for storage and potential use of thermal energy contained therein. An outer vessel encapsulates an inner vessel, with a vacuum formed there between. The inner vessel comprises an upper portion containing an unheated liquid and a lower portion containing a heated liquid. A sliding insulated barrier segregates liquids. The pressure generated by the heated liquid, and incompressibility of unheated liquid equalizes static pressure within the inner vessel, which helps prevent the heated liquid in the lower portion from forming a vapor phase. Heated liquid egresses the lower portion of inner vessel to pass through a vapor producing apparatus to become vapor, then an expander to become condensate, and finally to a heat source for reintroduction into the inner vessel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 12, 2019
    Date of Patent: August 11, 2020
    Inventor: Walter B. Freeman
  • Patent number: 10688545
    Abstract: A closed-loop system and method for heating of target contaminant zones having environmental contaminants of concern present in the groundwater and the soil by thermal conduction, and subsequent enhancements of physical, biological and chemical processes to attenuate, remove and degrade contaminants in the target contaminant treatment zones, is disclosed. The system and method collects solar or other heat and transfers the heat via a closed-loop and a set of borehole exchangers to subsurface soil in the proximity of and/or directly to the target contaminant treatment zones. The target contaminant treatment zone may comprise contaminated soil, contaminated groundwater in an aquifer, or industrial waste comprising water and/or solids. Solar collectors or heat exchangers capturing waste heat from industrial processes may be used as the heat source.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 29, 2019
    Date of Patent: June 23, 2020
    Assignee: ARCADIS CORPORATE SERVICES INC.
    Inventors: Cullen Flanders, Davinder Singh Randhawa, John LaChance, Philip W. Visser
  • Patent number: 10690382
    Abstract: The invention relates to a geothermal exchanger comprising a casing containing a heat-transfer fluid with which it is in direct contact. The casing is flexible such as to be in direct contact with a wall of the borehole containing the exchanger under the effect of the pressure of the heat-transfer fluid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 22, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 23, 2020
    Assignee: BRGM
    Inventor: Denis Nguyen
  • Patent number: 10683563
    Abstract: This invention relates to treated geothermal brine compositions containing reduced concentrations of iron, silica, and manganese compared to the untreated brines. Exemplary compositions contain a concentration of manganese less than 10 mg/kg, a concentration of silica ranging from less than 10 mg/kg, and a concentration of iron less than 10 mg/kg, and the treated geothermal brine is derived from a Salton Sea geothermal reservoir.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 5, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 16, 2020
    Assignee: TERRALITHIUM LLC
    Inventors: Stephen Harrison, John Burba, III
  • Patent number: 10668577
    Abstract: A cooling system which achieves temperature control of a heat affected portion of a pipe.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 1, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 2, 2020
    Assignee: CRC-EVANS PIPELINE INTERNATIONAL INC.
    Inventors: Marcus Janes, Jared Proegler, Brian Kirk
  • Patent number: 10655293
    Abstract: A method and device for freezing the ground are disclosed, including a freezing lance which extends along a longitudinal axis and has a pipe mantle that encloses an interior space, wherein the ground surrounding the freezing lance can be cooled by the refrigerant present in a first section of the interior space, a line for supplying the liquid refrigerant in the first section of the interior space, wherein the device has a first end section with a first opening for removing an exhaust gas formed by evaporation of the refrigerant from the interior space, wherein the interior space has a second section for holding the exhaust gas, wherein heat is exchangeable between the exhaust gas and the pipe mantle in the second section, so that the exhaust gas can be heated by heat exchange with the ground adjacent to the freezing lance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 27, 2018
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2020
    Assignee: LINDE AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT
    Inventors: Ralf Schmand, Abraham Sliwo
  • Patent number: 10641510
    Abstract: A method and system for optimizing the operation of a geo-exchange system, by generating predictive models pertaining to energy demand and energy capacity for a particular building or district, based on data from sensors associated with components of a district geo-exchange system, historical and real-time operational data associated with district modules, including weather forecast data and current weather conditions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 23, 2018
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2020
    Assignee: Groundswell Grid Energy Corp.
    Inventor: Daniel Adirim
  • Patent number: 10551091
    Abstract: A geothermal energy extraction subterranean system for extracting heat from a subterranean formation has an injection well in a first borehole and a first production well extracting the heated working fluid through a first production opening. The first well tubular metal structure has first and second annular barriers to isolate a production zone, each annular barrier including a tubular metal part having a first expansion opening and an outer face, an expandable metal sleeve surrounding the tubular metal part and having an inner face facing the tubular metal part and an outer face facing the wall, each end of the expandable metal sleeve being connected with the tubular metal part. The first production zone is arranged between the first and second well tubular metal structures so that the heated working fluid is extracted in the second well tubular metal structure through the first production opening.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 8, 2017
    Date of Patent: February 4, 2020
    Assignee: Welltec Oilfield Solutions AG
    Inventor: Christian Krüger
  • Patent number: 10527319
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a geothermal heat exchange system and a method of constructing a geothermal heat exchange system, and more specifically, to a geothermal heat exchange system which is to be installed in a borehole in the ground, the borehole being divided into a ground surface section and a shallow geothermal source section, the shallow geothermal source section of the borehole, which is hardly influenced by the atmospheric or ground surface temperatures, is filled with conventional heat conductive grouting material with high thermal conductivity, and the ground surface section of the borehole is filled with thermal insulation grouting material or thermal insulation cartridges to prevent the heat transferring medium in the geothermal heat exchange system, which has the geothermal heat obtained from the shallow geothermal source, from losing heat in the winter time or obtaining heat in the summer time when it passes through the ground surface section which is much influenced by the atmospheric
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 11, 2018
    Date of Patent: January 7, 2020
    Assignee: BIC INC.
    Inventor: Min Bai
  • Patent number: 10513846
    Abstract: The invention relates to an environmental noise shielding apparatus in which the internal temperature can be matched to the external temperature by means of a cooling element which is arranged within the environmental noise shielding apparatus. This allows a better sound protection effect.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 2007
    Date of Patent: December 24, 2019
    Assignee: INTEGRATED DYNAMICS ENGINEERING GMBH
    Inventor: Peter Heiland
  • Patent number: 10508517
    Abstract: Supercritical carbon dioxide is directed into a wellbore to a specified depth. The supercritical carbon dioxide is directed at an inner surface of the wellbore at the specified depth. Scale is removed from the wall of the wellbore with the supercritical carbon dioxide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 2018
    Date of Patent: December 17, 2019
    Assignee: Saudi Arabian Oil Company
    Inventors: Aslan Bulekbay, Sultan Attiah, Talal Al-Mutairi, Abdulrahman Alsousy
  • Patent number: 10465651
    Abstract: Disclosed is a system for generating energy. The system is incorporated into a disposal or injection well. A conduit is extended down in the well from the surface. Water disposed in the well is used to drive some sort of mechanical-energy creating device that has an axis that runs up the wellbore. The device is used to turn a shaft that extends up in the well, and is used to either generate electrical power, or be used for some mechanical purpose outside the wellbore.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 9, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 5, 2019
    Inventor: Drue Herl
  • Patent number: 10384246
    Abstract: A closed-loop system and method for heating of target contaminant treatment zones (150) having environmental contaminants of concern present in the groundwater and the soil by thermal conduction, and subsequent enhancement of physical, biological and chemical processes to attenuate, remove and degrade contaminants in the target contaminant treatment zones, is disclosed. The system and method collects solar or other heat and transfers that heat via a closed-loop and a set of borehole exchangers (120) to subsurface soil in the proximity of and/or directly to the target contaminant treatment zones. The target contaminant treatment zone may comprise contaminated soil, contaminated groundwater in an aquifer, or industrial waste comprising water and/or solids. Solar collectors or heat exchangers capturing waste heat from industrial processes may be used as the heat source (110).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 16, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 20, 2019
    Assignee: Arcadis Corporate Services Inc.
    Inventors: Cullen Flanders, Davinder Singh Randhawa, John LaChance, Philip W. Visser
  • Patent number: 10386098
    Abstract: Device for heating and cooling, respectively, more than one house, where at least two small houses (1) are connected to a common energy storage (2) in the ground and where a control device (3) is arranged to transport a heat carrier in a pipe work (4) connected to the energy storage (2). The small houses (1) are each arranged to have a separate respective heat pump device, and in each heat pump device is connected to the pipe work (4), so that, firstly, the heat carrier can flow through the heat pump device and, secondly, the small houses (1) are connected in parallel in relation to each other to the pipe work (4).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 7, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 20, 2019
    Assignee: SENS GEOENERGY STORAGE AB
    Inventor: Thomas Wildig
  • Patent number: 10330349
    Abstract: Thermal energy system, coupled to a building energy system, which selectively provides heating and/or cooling to a building.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 5, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 25, 2019
    Assignee: ERDA MASTER IPCO LIMITED
    Inventors: Dmitriy Zaynulin, Kevin Stickney
  • Patent number: 10287092
    Abstract: A liquid containment structure such as a frac pond has a perimeter wall; a floor liner bounded by the perimeter wall; and a platform underneath the floor liner, the platform formed of a plurality of mats laid edge to edge and whose upper faces collectively define a support surface. Related methods of use of the structure include installing the structure at a well site, and in some cases using the structure as a frac water pond. A drain channel may be defined in the support surface below a portion of the floor liner, with the portion of the floor liner extending downward into the drain channel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 14, 2019
    Assignee: A.O.S SERVICES LTD.
    Inventors: Dustin Daubert, Brian Daubert
  • Patent number: 10219415
    Abstract: Technology is provided for a server facility cooling system. The system can include a coolant tank containing an electrically insulating liquid and one or more servers submerged in the liquid. At least a portion of the heat generated by the servers is transferred to the liquid. An elongate cooling loop extends vertically between a first end and a second end, wherein the first end is located in the air and the second end is located underground. A heat exchanger is positioned between the coolant tank and the cooling loop to transfer heat from the liquid to the cooling loop. A cylindrical cooling tower is positioned around the first end of the cooling loop.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 13, 2017
    Date of Patent: February 26, 2019
    Assignee: Facebook, Inc.
    Inventor: Scott C. Wiley
  • Patent number: 10196792
    Abstract: A method and a device for freezing the ground are provided with a freeze pipe closed on one front side, and an inner pipe extending into the freeze pipe for supplying a cooling agent, and wherein a hollow body is provided, whose inner diameter is larger than the outer diameter of the freeze pipe.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 14, 2016
    Date of Patent: February 5, 2019
    Assignee: Linde Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Ralf Schmand, Abraham Sliwo
  • Patent number: 10168058
    Abstract: A dehumidification system includes a compressor, a primary evaporator, a primary condenser, a secondary evaporator, and a secondary condenser. The secondary evaporator receives an inlet airflow and outputs a first airflow to the primary evaporator. The primary evaporator receives the first airflow and outputs a second airflow to the secondary condenser. The secondary condenser receives the second airflow and outputs a third airflow to the primary condenser. The primary condenser receives the third airflow and outputs a dehumidified airflow. The compressor receives a flow of refrigerant from the primary evaporator and provides the flow of refrigerant to the primary condenser.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 16, 2017
    Date of Patent: January 1, 2019
    Assignee: Therma-Stor LLC
    Inventors: Dwaine Walter Tucker, Todd R. DeMonte, Scott E. Sloan, Weizhong Yu
  • Patent number: 10113773
    Abstract: A geothermal probe for exchanging heat between ground surrounding the geothermal probe, in which the geothermal probe is arranged in the operating state, and a heat transfer fluid includes inflow and outflow pipes. The inflow pipe has an inflow pipe inner surface and the outflow pipe, arranged therein, has an outflow pipe outer surface. Between the inflow pipe inner surface and the outflow pipe outer surface and annular space is formed that is entered by the heat transfer fluid in laminar flow. At least two mixing elements are arranged at a distance from one another in the annular space. The mixing elements bring about a repeated alternation between laminar flow of the heat transfer fluid and mixing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 23, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 30, 2018
    Assignee: DYNAMIC BLUE HOLDING GMBH
    Inventor: Anton Ledwon
  • Patent number: 10107563
    Abstract: The invention provides a thermal energy storage and heat exchange unit, comprising a solid state thermal storage material, a heat transfer fluid and means for energy input and output, distinctive in that: the storage comprises at least one heat transfer container, solid state thermal storage material is arranged around the heat transfer container, and the heat transfer container contains the heat transfer fluid and the means for energy input and output, so that all heat transferring convection and conduction by the heat transfer fluid takes place within the respective heat transfer container. Method of building the thermal energy storage, plant comprising the storage, method using the plant and use of the storage or plant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 10, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 23, 2018
    Assignee: NEST AS
    Inventor: Pål Bergan
  • Patent number: 10094860
    Abstract: A system and method for estimating energy consumption in an HVAC system, the method including the steps of determining a system characteristic value, obtaining an operational condition value, determining a base power consumption value based at least in part on the system characteristic value and the operational condition value, determining an operational run time for the system, and determining an estimated energy consumption based at least in part on the operational run time and the base power consumption value.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2018
    Assignee: CARRIER CORPORATION
    Inventors: Daniel J. Dempsey, Rajendra K. Shah
  • Patent number: 10072639
    Abstract: A gravity power generation device comprises a geothermal well, a hollow heat conducting post, a power generating unit, a steam guiding unit, a condensing unit and a water distribution unit. By discharging and filling the water alternately and repetitively, a first tank and a second tank of the power generating unit can be continuously movable back and forth between a first and a second power generation positions so that a shaft of the power generating unit can continuously rotate to drive a generator of the power generating unit to generate electric power, thereby the heat energy of the geothermal steam can be converted into the potential energy of the water, and then be converted to electric energy so as to meet the demand for power generation by natural energy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 13, 2014
    Date of Patent: September 11, 2018
    Inventor: Wen-Yen Liu
  • Patent number: 10060296
    Abstract: Provided is a consumer to industrial scale renewable energy based quintuple-generation systems and energy storage facility. The present invention has both mobile and stationary embodiments. The present invention includes energy recovery, energy production, energy processing, pyrolysis, byproduct process utilization systems, separation process systems and handling and storage systems, as well as an open architecture for integration and development of additional processes, systems and applications. The system of the present invention primarily uses adaptive metrics, biometrics and thermal imaging sensory analysis (including additional input sensors for analysis) for monitoring and control with the utilization of an integrated artificial intelligence and automation control system, thus providing a balanced, environmentally-friendly ecosystem.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 4, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 28, 2018
    Inventor: Kevin Lee Friesth
  • Patent number: 10060299
    Abstract: In some aspects, a thermal elevation system includes a base plant including an evaporator to vaporize a working fluid. A lift conduit is coupled to the base plant and includes multiple lift stages to lift the working fluid in the vapor state. An elevated plant is coupled to the lift conduit and condenses the working fluid at the elevated plant. A power generation conduit is coupled to the elevated plant and flows the working fluid through multiple power generator stages that each generate electrical power. The working fluid may return to the base plant for recirculation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 18, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 28, 2018
    Inventor: Husham Al Ghizzy
  • Patent number: 9982952
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a heat exchanger header, wherein said header includes a lower portion (3) having two longitudinal edges (7), an upper portion (4) forming a cover, and at least one flange (9, 10, 30). According to the invention, said flange (9, 10, 30) has a profile (11, 17, 37) that enables the longitudinal edges (7) of the header, which are provided at least locally folded, to be received at the flanks (12, 19, 38) thereof, so as to simultaneously crimp the flange (9, 10, 30) onto said cover (4) and retain the cover (4) on said lower portion (3).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 18, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 29, 2018
    Assignee: VALEO SYSTEMES THERMIQUES
    Inventors: Jean Lavenu, Lionel Taupin, Alain Bauerheim, Laurent Moreau
  • Patent number: 9951962
    Abstract: A heat pump heating and hot-water system includes a water heating heat exchanger for heating water by heat exchange with a heating medium heated by a heat pump unit, an indoor heating unit, a heating circulation circuit for selectively pumping the heating medium to either of the water heating heat exchanger and the indoor heating unit using a heating medium pump, and a hot-water accumulating circuit that sends water in a hot-water storage tank to the water heating heat exchanger and returns water having passed through the water heating heat exchanger to the hot-water storage tank using a water pump. The volumetric flow rate of the heating medium pumped to the water heating heat exchanger by the heating medium pump is higher than or equal to the volumetric flow rate of the water pumped to the water heating heat exchanger by the water pump.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 6, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 24, 2018
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Electric Corporation
    Inventors: Shogo Tamaki, Makoto Saito, Fumitake Unezaki, Nobuaki Uehara
  • Patent number: 9933187
    Abstract: Apparatus and method transfer heat between a geothermal mass and a geothermal heat exchange unit embedded within the geothermal mass, utilizing a geothermal heat exchange system comprised of the heat exchange unit. The unit includes a chamber enclosed by plate-like walls presenting a very large heat transfer area. The walls are spaced apart by a small distance compared to the heat transfer area, configuring the chamber to contain a thin, film-like volume of a liquid heat exchange medium. The heat exchange medium is flowed into and out of the chamber at a prescribed rate of flow, and the capacity of the chamber is such that the volume of heat exchange medium contained within the chamber during operation of the geothermal heat exchange system is great enough to enable the flowing heat exchange medium to mix with static, dwelled heat exchange medium maintained within the chamber as heat exchange medium flows through the chamber at the prescribed rate of flow and is circulated in the system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 1, 2015
    Date of Patent: April 3, 2018
    Inventor: SaeHeum Song
  • Patent number: 9915247
    Abstract: In an embodiment, a method of operating a geothermal energy system includes selectively connecting each of a plurality of borehole heat exchangers to any other of the plurality of borehole heat exchangers thereby to permit flow of a working fluid between the borehole heat exchangers and to selectively distribute the working fluid within the plurality of borehole heat exchangers. Each borehole heat exchanger has an elongate tube having a closed bottom end and first and second adjacent elongate coaxial conduits interconnected at the bottom end, the first conduit being tubular and surrounded by the second conduit which is annular. Each borehole heat exchanger has a major portion thereof extending in a substantially inclined orientation at an angle of from 3 to 95 degrees from vertical, the borehole heat exchangers being connected to a manifold for the working fluid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 3, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 13, 2018
    Assignee: Erda Master IPCO Limited
    Inventors: James J. Stewart, Dmitriy I. Zaynulin, Anthony C. Scott, Grahame Newton
  • Patent number: 9918413
    Abstract: A high-velocity low-pressure cooling system (100), especially suited for data center applications, includes an air coolant loop (102), a non-air coolant loop (104) and a cooler unit (126) for heat transfer between the loops (102 and 104). The air loop (102) is used to chill ambient air that is blown across heat transfer surfaces of equipment mounted in data center racks (110). In this manner, effective cooling is provided using a coolant that is benign in data center environments.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 16, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 13, 2018
    Assignee: Zonit Structured Solutions LLC
    Inventors: Steve Chapel, William Pachoud
  • Patent number: 9903390
    Abstract: An intake box of an air supply system in a compressor arrangement, having an intake grill and an air intake pipe arranged on the compressor side, wherein the intake grill and the air intake pipe are arranged between a lower lid and an upper lid, wherein, in addition, a sound damping box for minimizing noise emissions is arranged between the intake grill and the air intake pipe, wherein the longitudinal dimension and width dimension of the sound damping box are each at least three times as large as the depth dimension of the sound damping box.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 4, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 27, 2018
    Assignee: Knorr-Bremse System Fur Schienefahrzeuge GMBH
    Inventors: Matthias Fritz, Melanie Gibson
  • Patent number: 9897347
    Abstract: A method of installing a tubular heat exchanger into soil includes providing the tubular heat exchanger and screwing the tubular heat exchanger into the soil with an installation apparatus. The installation apparatus may be removed from the soil without removing the tubular heat exchanger from the soil.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2014
    Date of Patent: February 20, 2018
    Inventor: Thomas Scott Breidenbach
  • Patent number: 9897394
    Abstract: Techniques for subsurface thermal energy storage of heat generated by concentrating solar power enable smoothing of available energy with respect to daily and/or seasonal variation. Solar thermal collectors produce saturated steam that is injected into a producing or wholly/partially depleted oil reservoir that operates as a heat storage reservoir. Some of the saturated steam generated by the collectors is optionally used to generate electricity. Heat is withdrawn from the reservoir as saturated steam and is used to operate an active thermal recovery project (such as a producing thermally enhanced oil reservoir) and/or to generate electricity. Withdrawn heat is optionally augmented by heat produced by firing natural gas. The reservoir is optionally one that has been used for thermally enhanced oil recovery and thus is already warm, minimizing heat losses.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 2016
    Date of Patent: February 20, 2018
    Assignee: GlassPoint Solar, Inc.
    Inventors: John Setel O'Donnell, Anthony Robert Kovscek
  • Patent number: 9874112
    Abstract: Heat engine systems having selectively configurable working fluid circuits are provided. One heat engine system includes a pump that circulates a working fluid through a working fluid circuit and an expander that receives the working fluid from a high pressure side of the working fluid circuit and converts a pressure drop in the working fluid to mechanical energy. A plurality of waste heat exchangers are each selectively positioned in or isolated from the high pressure side. A plurality of recuperators are each selectively positioned in or isolated from the high pressure side and the low pressure side. A plurality of valves are actuated to enable selective control over which of the plurality of waste heat exchangers is positioned in the high pressure side, which of the plurality of recuperators is positioned in the high pressure side, and which of the plurality of recuperators is positioned in the low pressure side.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 3, 2014
    Date of Patent: January 23, 2018
    Assignee: Echogen Power Systems, LLC
    Inventor: Josua Giegel
  • Patent number: 9852725
    Abstract: A system configured to thermally regulate heat dissipation of a power plant system (e.g. steam turbine, gas turbine compressor, intercooler or other fluidic thermal source, etc.) and acoustically attenuate operation of an air cooled heat exchanger via sound reflection, sound absorption, sound diffraction, and/or active noise cancellation is disclosed. In one embodiment, a system includes: a set of inner barriers; a base barrier disposed beneath the set of inner barriers; a set of outer barriers disposed about the base barrier and the set of inner barriers, the set of outer barriers including a top surface located above a bottom surface of the set of inner barriers; a heat exchanger fluidly connected to a power generation system and disposed within the set of inner barriers; and a set of fans disposed within the set of inner barriers and configured to form a flow of air through the set of inner barriers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 11, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 26, 2017
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Quoc Hoai Nguyen, Arkadiusz Bartlomiej Nagorski, Eric Tracy Watson
  • Patent number: 9784509
    Abstract: An optimized heating and cooling system including a thermal mass, thermal energy transport conduits to deliver thermal energy to the thermal mass including one or more phase change materials (PCMs), at least one heat exchanger to exchange the thermal energy from a energy input into heat transfer fluid that is pumped through the thermal mass. The system also includes a controller in electronic communication with a temperature sensor, a throttle and a pump. A desired building temperature profile, a daily temperature forecast, the electricity rates, the thermal characteristics of the PCMs are entered into or obtained by the controller and the controller uses that information to optimize the energy use to avoid using the heating and cooling system during peak electricity demand time, or uses the rate structure to determine the operation sequence that results in the most efficient use of energy or least cost.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 25, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 10, 2017
    Assignee: The Board of Trustees of the University of Illinois
    Inventors: Said Al-Hallaj, Sohail Murad
  • Patent number: 9777969
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a U-type piping capable of thermal energy transmission with each other in a radiate arrangement, wherein the piping segments of the U-type fluid piping inlet end and/or outlet end of the U-type piping capable of thermal energy transmission with each other in the radiate arrangement are directly made of thermal insulating materials, or a thermal insulating structure is installed between the inlet end and the outlet end, and a thermal conductive body made of thermal conductive material is further installed thereof, so as to prevent thermal energy loss because of thermal conduction by temperature difference between adjacent piping segments with temperature difference of the inlet end and the outlet end installed on the same side when fluid with temperature difference passing through.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 3, 2017
    Inventor: Tai-Her Yang
  • Patent number: 9765604
    Abstract: A method for extracting geothermal energy from a geothermal reservoir formation. A production well is used to extract brine from the reservoir formation. At least one of nitrogen (N2) and carbon dioxide (CO2) may be used to form a supplemental working fluid which may be injected into a supplemental working fluid injection well. The supplemental working fluid may be used to augment a pressure of the reservoir formation, to thus drive a flow of the brine out from the reservoir formation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 29, 2014
    Date of Patent: September 19, 2017
    Assignee: Lawrence Livemore National Security, LLC
    Inventor: Thomas A. Buscheck
  • Patent number: 9739504
    Abstract: The present invention provides a steam generator capable of greatly improving energy efficiency, and an energy supply system that uses the steam generator. The steam generator of the present invention includes a high-temperature chamber to which heat of 250° C. to 800° C. is supplied; a low-temperature chamber arranged adjacent to the high-temperature chamber and configured to produce low-temperature steam of 50° C. to 185° C. from water using the heat of the high-temperature chamber; and at least one thermoelectric element arranged between the high-temperature chamber and the low-temperature chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 22, 2017
    Assignees: TOKYO INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, KYUSHU INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, JGC CORPORATION, SASAKURA ENGINEERING CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Yutaka Tamaura, Yoshiharu Horita, Koji Miyazaki, Kazutaka Hiraoka, Toru Kannari
  • Patent number: 9732908
    Abstract: A cryogenic tank includes a heat insulating material layer which is disposed between a concrete wall and a membrane and includes a secondary barrier layer in an inner portion of the heating insulating material, and a membrane anchor mechanism which penetrates the secondary barrier layer, is fixed to the concrete wall, and presses the membrane. The membrane anchor mechanism includes a seal portion which covers a through portion penetrating the secondary barrier layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 13, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 15, 2017
    Assignee: IHI CORPORATION
    Inventors: Ryuzo Kanno, Michitaka Furikoma, Eiji Kamiya, Yasuhiro Shimamura
  • Patent number: 9714643
    Abstract: The boiling-water geothermal heat exchanger 1 is provided with a water injection pipe 2 which is installed underground and to which water is supplied from the ground and a steam extraction pipe 3 which is installed underground so as to be in contact with the water injection pipe 2 and has a plurality of ejection ports 5, in which a pressure inside the steam extraction pipe 3 is reduced to the vicinity of a pressure required by a turbine 6, high-pressure hot water which is produced by supplying heat from a geothermal region 4 to water inside the water injection pipe 2 is changed to a single-phase flow of steam inside the steam extraction pipe 3 present underground via the ejection ports 5, and the single-phase flow of steam is extracted on the ground.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 9, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 25, 2017
    Assignee: EST. Inc.
    Inventor: Shunichi Tahara
  • Patent number: 9709347
    Abstract: A heat storage system (400) comprising a system gas inlet (460), a system gas outlet (470), and at least two thermal stores (401, 402) connected together in series therebetween, wherein each store comprises a chamber having a gas inlet (461,462), a gas outlet (471,472), and a gas-permeable thermal storage media 431 disposed therebetween, the system further comprising flow controllers (451, 452, 453, 454, 457) operatively connected to bypass passageways and so configured that, during operation, the flow path of a gas flowing through the system (400) for transfer of thermal energy to or from the storage media (431) can be selectively altered in respect of which stores (401, 402) in the series are used in response to the progress of the thermal transfer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 24, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 18, 2017
    Assignee: Energy Technologies Institute LLP
    Inventors: Jonathan Sebastian Howes, James Macnaghten, Rowland Geoffrey Hunt
  • Patent number: 9708787
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for producing a contiguous ice body in a ground region, wherein first cooling lances are inserted into the ground region in which the contiguous ice body is to be produced in the presence of a flow of a fluid flow medium flowing through the ground region, in particular in the form of groundwater, wherein a first coolant is introduced into the first cooling lances, and wherein furthermore at least one second cooling lance is introduced into the ground region on a side of the first cooling lances facing the flow and a second coolant, which has a temperature that is lower than the temperature of the first coolant, is introduced into the at least one second cooling lance in order to support the formation of a contiguous ice body that surrounds all of the cooling lances.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 16, 2014
    Date of Patent: July 18, 2017
    Assignee: Linde Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Rolf Heninger, Ralf Schmand, Rebecca Wallus, Martin Ziegler
  • Patent number: 9702574
    Abstract: A method of cooling air includes a liquid coolant subsystem including a cool water source configured to hold water, an air cooling subsystem including an air chamber that contains air therein, an air conditioning apparatus including a heat exchanger of a liquid-to-air type having a heat sink in thermal communication, a fan assembly configured to move air along the heat sink of the heat exchanger, a thermostat, a temperature sensor, and a control circuit in electronic communication with the temperature sensor and the thermostat, a plumbing subsystem including an inlet piping component in fluid communication with heat exchanger, an outlet piping component in fluid communication with the exchanger, and a solenoid valve. The control circuit may be configured to activate the fan assembly and to open the solenoid valve, allowing for the transfer heat to water from the air moved by the fan assembly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 8, 2014
    Date of Patent: July 11, 2017
    Inventor: Steven B. Haupt
  • Patent number: 9675013
    Abstract: Device for watering plants configured to fit into a growing container, such as a pot. The device includes an external casing intended to be placed inside the growing container and to be at least partially buried. The casing delimits a housing having an open top end intended to protrude from or lie flush with the soil, and a bottom end having a passage in the soil. The device is further equipped with a water reservoir positioned inside the housing and having an orifice around which a water diffusion system is removably mounted. The diffusion system is designed to pass through the passage of the casing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 11, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 13, 2017
    Assignee: AQUASOLO SYSTEMS
    Inventors: Philippe Balestra, Bruno Canin
  • Patent number: 9650555
    Abstract: This invention relates to treated geothermal brine compositions containing reduced concentrations of iron and silica compared to the untreated brines. Exemplary compositions of the treated brine contain concentration of silica ranging from 0 to 80 mg/kg and concentration of iron ranging from 0 to 300 mg/kg. Exemplary compositions of the reduced silica and iron brines also contain reduced concentrations of elements like arsenic, barium, lead, and lithium.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 17, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2017
    Assignee: Simbol, Inc.
    Inventors: Stephen Harrison, John Burba, III
  • Patent number: 9644126
    Abstract: This invention relates to treated geothermal brine compositions containing reduced concentrations of iron, silica, and zinc compared to the untreated brines. Exemplary compositions contain concentration of zinc ranges from 0 to 300 mg/kg, concentration of silica ranges from 0 to 30 mg/kg, concentration of iron ranges from 0 to 300 mg/kg. Exemplary compositions also contain reduced concentrations of elements like lithium, manganese, arsenic, barium, and lead. Exemplary compositions include Salton Sea brines containing a concentration of zinc less than 10 mg/kg, a concentration of silica ranging from less than 10 mg/kg, and a concentration of iron less than 10 mg/kg.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 3, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 9, 2017
    Assignee: Simbol, Inc.
    Inventors: Stephen Harrison, John Burba
  • Patent number: 9644866
    Abstract: This invention relates to treated geothermal brine compositions containing reduced concentrations of silica, iron, and potassium compared to the untreated brines. Exemplary compositions of the treated brine contain a concentration of silica ranging from about 0 mg/kg to about 15 mg/kg, a concentration of iron ranging from about 0 mg/kg to about 10 mg/kg, and a concentration of potassium ranging from about 300 mg/kg to about 8500 mg/kg. Other exemplary compositions of the treated brines also contain reduced concentrations of elements like rubidium, cesium, and lithium.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 24, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 9, 2017
    Assignee: Simbol, Inc.
    Inventors: Stephen Harrison, John Burba, III
  • Patent number: 9625141
    Abstract: The primary purpose of the present invention is to provide an fluid circulating installation adapted with a temperature equalization system and fluid transmission duct disposed in a heat carrier existing in solid or liquid state in the nature where presents comparatively larger and more reliable heat carrying capacity. The fluid passes through the solid or gas state semiconductor application installation to regulate the semiconductor application installation for temperature equalization, and flows back to the heat equalization installation disposed in the natural heat carrier of heat for the heat equalization installation providing good heat conduction in the natural heat carrier to provide the operation of temperature equalization regulating function on the backflow of the fluid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 18, 2017
    Inventor: Tai-Her Yang