Abstract: The gas flow bypass around the heating elements in a regenerative air preheater is reduced by the use of floating bypass seals which are placed in the rotor compartments between stacked heating elements. The seals comprise a frame with an open center with the peripheral frame portion bridging the gaps between the heating elements and the sides of the compartments. The seals may be adjustable and may include a deformable edge seal to actually contact and seal against the sides.
Abstract: A seal for a regenerative air preheater. The seal is comprised of two members that each have a plurality of tabs and slots. The tabs and slots interlock so that the tabs on one member are positioned adjacent the slots on the other member. Further, the tabs have a narrow neck section and a wider sealing section. The wider sealing sections overlay and the narrow neck sections are positioned within a recessed region of the notch on the opposite member so as to interlock the two members. Preferably, the neck sections do not significantly overlap thereby providing greater flexibility for each of the tabs. The seal is mounted either to the rotor or to the inner wall of the housing so as to extend through the bypass gap between the rotor and the inner wall of the housing. As the tabs are flexible, the tabs can resiliently deform as a result of the tabs making contact with the sealing surface of the heat exchanger.
Abstract: Insulated cabinets with interchangeable heat transfer units disposed on the top thereof are disclosed and means for improving the air circulation both in the heat transfer units and within the enclosed cabinet. The heat transfer units may be refrigeration type units, freezer type units, heating type units, warming type units or proofing units. Each of the heat transfer units includes a rectangular opening in the bottom thereof to which is attached a duct through which heated or cooled air is forced. The duct has parallel front and rear walls and inclined side walls which taper to reduce the cross section of the air flow. The duct is a sliding fit inside a tunnel which extends vertically along the back wall of the cabinet. The tunnel is provided with two columns of louvers along its entire length through which the air from the duct flows. Air exiting the louvers is deflected by a baffle plate which extends the full width of the rear of the cabinet. The edge portions of the baffle plate are perforated.
Abstract: Improved chilling apparatus for aircraft meal tray storage and/or serving carts utilizes a slidable tray type of bunker member for receiving dry ice or other cooling material. The bunker member is preferably of thermoformed plastic, is insulated on its bottom and sides, and has a channeled bottom which supports pieces of dry ice while permitting air to be circulated by a blower under the dry ice pieces as well as around and over them. At its downstream end, the bunker has an air flow turning surface and an air discharge opening through its bottom. At its upstream end, an opening directs return air which has passed over the meal trays to an angularly positioned blower located in the cart housing above the inlet end of the bunker.
Abstract: Chilling apparatus especially adapted for airline food tray serving carts has a small blower at one upper end of the inside of the cart which exhausts air across a pan of dry ice or other cooling material removably positioned on an upper shelf of the cart. Spacer means in the cart enclosure prevent the trays stacked therein from blocking a vertical air flow passage at each end of the cart. Thus, the chilled air is directed downwardly from the pan over the inside wall of a door on the cart. The chilled air then passes horizontally over at least a portion of the trays containing items to be chilled and is sucked upwardly along the other inside end wall of the cart to the blower inlet duct. The apparatus is very light in weight and can provide sufficiently uniform cooling to the items on each tray which must be chilled when a container on each tray is being simultaneously heated.
Abstract: A cabinet type enclosure, for refrigerating a plurality of food items on a plurality of specially configured meal trays has a plurality of thin, generally horizontal, fixedly mounted heater shelf members extending into the enclosed space from one side wall thereof. One or more covered containers of food to be heated are positioned on one side of the trays and are mounted on the trays slightly above the top surface of the tray and with their bottom surfaces in contact with heater plates on the heater shelf members. The meal trays have integral transverse abutment means which cooperate with portions of a container for hot food placed on the tray adjacent the abutment means for preventing longitudinal movement of the hot food container past the transverse abutment means by frictional contact of the container with the heater shelf as the tray is moved into or out of the enclosure and relative to the heater shelf along tray guides.
Abstract: Food is prepared by placing selected food items in pre-determined locations on food trays, placing the trays on shelves of a rack in a food and beverage cabinet with the food and beverage cabinet being inserted in a first environmental control unit which circulates chilled air over the trays and then removing the food and beverage cabinet and placing it at a second environmental control unit which additionally heats selected food items.
Abstract: A food service device including a food-carrying cart which can be stored inside a refrigerator is provided with elements for heating the food before meals are served. The electrical system is comprised of switching devices which actuate the heating elements depending upon the presence and orientation of food trays on the shelf of the cart; a self-aligning coupling which can supply electrical power to the cart's heaters when the cart is placed in the refrigerator; and a timer which controls the duration of time the electrical heaters are energized to warm the food prior to service, and provide a keep-warm timing sequence for holding the heated food within a refrigerated environment.
Abstract: An apparatus for preparing cooked or heated meals includes a food and beverage cabinet having heater shelves which include spaced heater elements heated by film heater means with silicone rubber comprising the sole means for securing the film heater means to its heater element and with silicone rubber further completely surrounding each heater element and being disposed between its heater element and film heater means to insulate the heater element from and raise it above the top layer of the shelf.
Abstract: A heated roll member especially adapted to provide a uniform temperature surface for embossing or calendering low basis weight cellulose or polymeric webs. The roll member comprises outer and inner shells with an annular chamber therebetween and apertures in the inner shell which introduce fluid into or remove fluid from the annular chamber. Specially constructed apertures, each provided with a flow diverting means, produce fully turbulent flow in a heated fluid moving axially within the annular chamber. A controlled level of turbulence in the fluid is initiated at the aperture and is maintained throughout the annular chamber, such that "hot" or "cold" areas do not develop on the surface of the outer shell.
Abstract: A cabinet type enclosure, preferably in the form of a cart, which is adapted to be connected to a source of refrigeration for refrigerating a plurality of food items on a plurality of meal trays positioned in the enclosure has a plurality of thin, generally horizontal fixedly mounted heater shelf members extending into the enclosed space from one side wall thereof. The heater shelf members are adapted to be moved relative to and under hot food containers positioned on the trays to heat same. The enclosure also has pairs of tray guides on its opposing side walls. The meal trays have integral transverse abutment means which extend over a portion of the tray surface at a location above the surface.
May 2, 1980
Date of Patent:
May 26, 1981
William J. Schulz, Ralph R. Pecoraro, Gerard T. Hogan