Abstract: An annular safety valve sealing package that is suitable for use in the presence of an acid gas and that is capable of retaining its material properties when the annular safety valve is retrieved is provided. The annular safety valve sealing package includes an annular safety valve having a tubular housing, a first annular sealing element including a first elastomeric material and disposed about the tubular housing, a second annular sealing element including a second elastomeric material and disposed about the tubular housing, and a third annular sealing element including a third elastomeric material and disposed about the tubular housing on an opposite side of the second annular sealing element from the first annular sealing element. At least two of the first elastomeric material, the second elastomeric material, or the third elastomeric material have different compositions.
August 27, 2012
Date of Patent:
April 9, 2019
Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.
Ewan Ogilvie Robb, Jeremy Buc Slay, Winston James Webber
Abstract: A packer with a slip assembly utilizing retainable wing projections. The slip assembly is configured for anchoring the packer in a well upon setting. This setting or deployment of the slip assembly involves shearing of wing projections from the sides of the slips. In this way, the retaining of the wings by counterbore projections of the packer ceases to keep individual slips also retained. That is, the shearing now allows the slips to expand radially into the noted anchoring position. Additionally, utilizing this type of wing shearing for setting allows the wings and indeed, the majority of the slips to be of a composite polymer or other readily millable or otherwise removable material. Thus, following the isolation, a more efficient packer removal may be realized.
Abstract: A well tool including a plugging device having an inner mandrel, an anchoring device and a sealing device. The tool also includes a junk catching device having an outer housing, a bore provided inside the housing and a receiving device provided in an upper end of the housing. A lower end of the outer housing is connected to an upper end of the inner mandrel of the plugging device. The receiving device comprises a receiving opening providing an opening into the bore and a junk guiding device for guiding junk into the bore via the receiving opening. The well tool further includes a valve device having a run state and a set state, where the valve device forms a termination of a junk container in the set state.
Abstract: A composite plug that can be used in fracturing has backup rings for the seal that are preferably made of a composite material. The backup rings are essentially connected segments that allow the connections to break when the plug is set and the cones are brought closer together. When the rings break to form gaps between segments in a specific ring, the adjacent ring has offset gaps so that as a whole there are no extrusion gaps that would allow the seal element to pass. The rings can be rotationally locked to each other initially at the adjacent segments that are formed when the plug is set to maintain their relative positions so that gaps between segments adjacent the seal are overlapped with segments from the adjacent ring. The segmenting backup rings can be used on one or on both sides of a sealing element.
April 25, 2014
Date of Patent:
November 28, 2017
BAKER HUGHES, A GE COMPANY, LLC
Justin C. Kellner, Edward J. O'Malley, Clint Mickey, Steve Rosenblatt
Abstract: A lock assembly including a mandrel having one or more windows arranged alternatingly with one or more struts. One or more dogs are included corresponding to the one or more windows and are radially extendable therethrough. A member is operatively arranged for radially extending each of the one or more dogs. Each of the one or more dogs is operatively coupled between the member and the mandrel when fully radially extended by the member for bypassing loading in the one or more struts during loading of the assembly.
Abstract: A retrievable well packer for downhole operations, comprising an upper mandrel and a lower mandrel connected through a quick threaded connection, a hydraulic actuating assembly for downwardly moving under fluid pressure, a packing assembly for sealing against the well, first coupling mechanism between the upper mandrel and the hydraulic actuating assembly and second coupling mechanism between the lower mandrel and the hydraulic actuating assembly, with the second coupling mechanism connecting the lower mandrel and the hydraulic actuating assembly against rotation but permitting relative axial movement.
Abstract: A gripping apparatus is provided having a stop collar with an accessory hardware coupled or otherwise attached thereto so as to not weld the accessory hardware directly to a production tubular. The gripping apparatus is adapted to grippingly engage the production tubular for downhole hydrocarbon recovery applications, and the accessory hardware can be a bracket or ring configured to support alternate path shunt tubes. The stop collar can also include centralizer blades coupled directly thereto, instead of welding the centralizer blades to the production tubular.
Abstract: Devices and methods for setting a packer inside a wellbore with little appreciable reduction of the useable area of the wellbore. The outer casing or liner of the wellbore contains one or more integrated casing coupler joints having an increased diameter chamber portion. A large bore packing element is carried within the increased diameter chamber portion. The packing element may be selectively actuated to form a seal against an interior tubular member. Because the packing element is located within the chamber portion of the casing coupler, the packer may be set while saving useable cross-sectional area within the casing.
May 6, 2009
Date of Patent:
April 13, 2010
Baker Hughes Incorporated
Bennett M. Richard, Edward O'Malley, Yang Xu, Peter Fay, Larry Urban
Abstract: A well blowout prevention apparatus that can be inserted into the well bore of a subterranean well, to confine fluid in the well when the fluid experiences or exerts a pressure surge, is described. Methods of using the well blowout prevention apparatus are also described. The apparatus is adapted to be manipulated from above by a pipe-string or other instrument, to readily disengage from the inner well casing wall, and to be retrievable from inside the well bore.
Abstract: The invention relates to a seal-sub packer assembly which is formed by a two-mandrel packer and a setting tool which positions the packer within the casing. A lower mandrel of the packer is provided with internal threads for engagement with the setting tool, thereby preventing premature setting of the packer. The exterior surface of the lower mandrel carries one or more sealing members which are compressed and forced to expand horizontally when the upper mandrel slides downwardly, shearing shear screws in response to a downward force acting on the setting tool. In an alternative embodiment, a liner hanger is secured to the lower mandrel, the liner hanger carrying an annular band with an inverted J-shaped slot through which a pin extends. When the body of the packer assembly is rotated in a predetermined direction, the guide pin extending through the J-slot resists premature setting of the packer.
Abstract: Preferential disconnection of a valve-actuating subassembly from a temporary abandonment safety valve and packer assembly is provided by stops which limit relative rotation between the valve-actuating subassembly within the valve along with a locking collar associated with the interconnection between the safety valve and the packer assembly so that high torque associated with rotational movement of a drill string in a highly deviated hole effects the release of the proper portion of the assembly without danger of undesirable release of other interconnections.
Abstract: A downhole packing mechanism for achieving sealed engagement with the bore of a well conduit comprises a mandrel positionable within a well by a tubing string. Surrounding the mandrel is a tubular body assemblage which is connectable to the mandrel for run-in purposes by a control dog and slot arrangement. An annular packing element surrounds the upper end of the tubular body assemblage and is compressed into sealing engagement with the well bore conduit by an upper slip assembly. A lower slip assembly surrounds the tubular body assemblage and is detachably engagable with the mandrel for setting by initial upward movement of the mandrel. Subsequent upward movement of the mandrel effects the upward movement of the upper slip assembly, the compression of the annular packing element into sealing engagement with the well conduit and the setting of the upper slip assembly. The device may be used as a packer, bridge plug, tubing hanger, or the like.
Abstract: A packer setting tool, a packer assembly and an attached liner assembly are lowered into a well bore at a desired depth to fix the liner therein. Cement is pumped down a tubing string, through the packer, the lining, check valves and forced upwardly in the annulus of the well bore. The pumped cement is followed by a non-setting liquid to clear the internal tubular structure. The packer assembly is then set in the wet cement of the annulus to provide an additional fluid seal in the well bore. The packer setting tool is released and the cement is allowed to harden and fix the linear and the packer assembly within the well bore.
April 12, 1988
Date of Patent:
July 18, 1989
Dresser Industries, Inc.
Henry W. Blackwell, Clifford L. Talley, Rodger D. Lacy
Abstract: A well packer for sealing an annular space within a well bore around a tubing string including a tubular mandrel, an expandable seal assembly on the mandrel for sealing around the mandrel with a well bore wall, a slip assembly on the mandrel for releasably locking the packer with the well bore wall, a drag spring and slip carrier assembly around the slip assembly, and an interlock assembly for selectively coupling the drag spring and slip carrier assembly with the mandrel for operating the packer through running, set, and release modes. The packer also includes an emergency release feature for releasing the packer in the event that well obstructions or other problems prevent normal rotation of the tubing string and mandrel to operate the interlock assembly.
Abstract: A drilling template for multiple wells has a dummy post on the template associated with each wellhead position and a wellhead connector is transferable between the dummy post and wellhead during completion and workover operations. A subsea wellhead is provided with a guide frame on which a dummy post is supported permitting the wellhead connector to be transferred between the dummy post and the wellhead. The wellhead includes a landing nipple and tubing hanger which permit the tubing hanger to tilt relative to the casing head without breaking the seal between the hanger and nipple. The wellhead connector is latched and released from the tubing hanger by reciprocation of a control sleeve and the connector is held in the unlatched position by a releasable lock. The wellhead connector includes a plug having a metal seal held in compression together with a resilient seal.
Abstract: A packer for effecting steam treatment of a production formation of a subterranean well comprises an insulated mandrel which is slidably inserted within the bore of an inner tubular body assembly. An outer operative tubular assembly surrounds the inner assembly and mounts a plurality of drag blocks, upper and lower cone elements, a plurality of radially displaceable slips cooperating with the upper and lower cone elements, and an outer packing element fabricated by an assemblage of high temperature resistant, non-resilient seal elements formed primarily of graphite. An inner packing element is provided in the inner tubular body assembly, utilizing additional high temperature resistant, non-resilient seal elements formed primarily of graphite, which sealingly engages the insulated mandrel.
Abstract: A seal bore packer comprising a packer subassembly which can be employed with either wireline or tubing manipulatable packer setting subassemblies is disclosed. Packing elements and slips on a packer subassembly are expanded when relative axial forces are applied to the packer by wireline or mechanical setting forces. The packer has an inner mandrel and intermediate mandrel connected by a shear pin. A collapsible ring holds the outer packer assembly, including slips and packing elements, normally secured to the intermediate mandrel. Relative movement between the intermediate mandrel and the inner mandrel releases the packer.
Abstract: A slide joint is shown which is used to provide a floating seal between an inner floating member and a surrounding conduit in a well bore. The floating member has a clutch element which is engaged at one end thereof. A circumferential, compressible packing is carried on the exterior of the floating member and is sandwiched between a fixed nut, at one end, and the clutch element at the other end. The clutch element includes downwardly extending clutch portions which are engageable with mating recesses provided within the inner bore of the surrounding well conduit when the floating member is run into position. The floating member can then be rotated by rotating the associated tubing string which extends to the well surface. As the floating member is rotated, the clutch element crawls up the externally threaded surface on the floating member in the direction of the compressible packing and the fixed nut.
Abstract: A well tool, for setting in a nipple having a locking notch, including a body with initially retracted first and second locking dogs with a threaded actuator for moving the first and second dogs axially relative to each other and into engagement with the top and bottom of the locking notch for preventing axial movement of the body in the nipple. A plurality of metal cup sealing rings positioned about the body and expandable into a sealing relationship between the body and the nipple by a piston. A tapered expander extends into each of the sealing cups and at least one of the rings is positioned with the cups directed oppositely to the cup in another ring for holding pressure in both directions. The cup rings are shaped for setting in a sequential order starting with the rings furthest from the piston. A protector sleeve is releasably connected to the body and initially encloses the locking dogs and the sealing rings.
Abstract: A well packer is shown which is particularly suitable for use in high temperature well environments, such as in fire flooding and steam injection secondary recovery techniques. The well packer has a central mandrel which extends within an outer assembly, including a top body with an interior bore, which circumscribes the central mandrel. The central mandrel has an external flange region about a portion of the circumference, for contacting abutment members within the top body bore when the mandrel is rotated within the body, to transmit torque to the outer assembly. A seal element in the outer assembly moves radially outwardly between a retracted and extended configuration to sealingly engage the well bore. A slip-cone assembly carried in the outer assembly moves between retracted and extended positions to grip the well bore and anchor the tool.
Abstract: The packer of the present invention includes mandrel means having first ratchet means and lug means disposed thereon, second ratchet means and drag spring means associated with tubular housing means surrounding said mandrel means, said housing means including slot means on the interior thereof, radially expandable slip means disposed about said mandrel means, a compressible packer element disposed about the lower end of said mandrel means, and packer element compression means associated with said mandrel means and said housing means.
Abstract: A retrievable bridge plug of the type having upper and lower anchors and an elastomeric packer for sealing a well casing. Drill string manipulation of the plug body effects packer compression and sealing. A ratchet maintains packer compression when engaged and permits packer expansion when disengaged. A cam surface on the plug body engages and disengages the ratchet responsive to longitudinal movement of the plug body.
Abstract: Apparatus is provided for use with a packer positionable in a casing in which the packer has an upstanding male location member having a noncircular peripheral configuration having a circumferential slot adjacent the upper end, a female insertion member having means at the upper end for attachment to the lower end of a pipe string extending from the earth's surface and having a recess in the lower end slidably and nonrotatably receiving the upper end of the male location member and having an upper internal recess communicating with the tool open bottom, the recess having an internal enlarged diameter groove therein and a plurality of clips each configured as a segment of a washer positioned in the internal recess of the retrieval tool and having an elastomeric member therearound to inwardly bias the clips towards each other, the clips being expandable outwardly within the groove to receive the upper end of the location member and to enter into the external circumferential groove in the location member to ther
Abstract: A retrievable packer for use in an oilwell casing, the packer having a central shaft with means at the upper end for attachment of an insertion or retrieval tool, an upper body portion having an opening receiving the shaft and having an integral downwardly extending tubular sleeve, the area around the sleeve providing an annular upper gland surface, a lower body portion having an opening receiving the shaft and a larger opening slidably receiving the sleeve and providing a lower annular flange surface, the lower body portion having a plurality of slots formed in vertical planes of the shaft axis, a baseplate having a threaded opening therein receiving the threaded lower end of the shaft, the baseplate serving to engage slips positioned in the slots so that as the shaft is rotated the baseplate moves up to force the slip into contact with the casing in which the packer is positioned, and an elastomeric packing gland of tubular cross-sectional shape received on the sleeve and between the upper and lower gland s
Abstract: A tubing anchor for anchoring a well tubing in an outer conduit which includes slips and upper and lower cones. A threaded connection is connected to at least one of the cones for moving the cones towards and away from each other for setting and releasing the slips. First and second clutches are selectively actuated by longitudinal movement of a mandrel for either setting or releasing the slips. The anchor may also be released by an emergency straight pull on the mandrel.
Abstract: A well packer for use in geothermal wells or stem injection wells. The packer can be anchored to the inner wall of a casing string to resist differential pressure in either direction. The anchoring means includes a single set of slip elements which are hydraulically or mechanically set. The packer includes a sealing unit with packing elements especially adapted for high temperature wells. The packer can be simply released from the casing by upward tension on the tubing.
Abstract: A bridge plug tool is disclosed, for temporarily plugging off a well casing to perform a downhole operation, such as cementing, or acidizing. The tool includes a mandrel having separate thread segments thereon. During running in of the tool, one thread segment engages a set of control members, to keep the mandrel in place and to prevent it from shifting longitudinally. In the set position the control members are disengaged from the mandrel, and the other thread segment engages a set of lock members. Setting weight on the mandrel after engagement with the lock members causes a set of slips and packing elements to engage the casing wall. When the downhole job is finished, the mandrel is rotated to disengage from the lock members and to re-engage the control members. This sequence releases the slips so the tool can be retrieved from the casing, or re-set at another point in the casing.
Abstract: A tubular one-way closure for injecting a material, particularly synthetic plastic foam material, into a hole has a throttle channel through which the material is to be injected, and a central tube rotatable about its axis and movable in its axial direction. The closure also comprises an expandable anchoring member actuated by said central tube so as to anchor said closure in said hole while being expanded, and an elastic sealing member also actuated by said central tube so as to seal said hole after anchoring of the same.
November 9, 1976
Date of Patent:
March 27, 1979
Walter Benedum, Otto-Ernst Glaesmann, Walter Marsch
Abstract: Disclosed is a retrievable, weight set well packer which may be tightened in set configuration by rotation of the tubing string, and which may be released from set configuration by longitudinal movement of the tubing string. Locking means maintain the packer set when the tubing string is raised slightly to open a bypass between the tubing string and the set packer. Continued raising of the tubing string releases the locking means to permit the packer to be retrieved. Dual opposed spreader cones keep the packer set against well pressure differentials acting from either above or below the packer. Pressure responsive means are also employed to increase the forces anchoring the tubing string against movement to open the bypass as differential well pressures tend to so move the tubing string.
Abstract: There is disclosed well apparatus which comprises a well conduit having a bore therethrough and a well tool having means thereon for releasably locking it within and sealing it with respect to the bore of the well conduit when lowered therein.
Abstract: An improved anchoring device for well tools including installing and actuating apparatus for providing visual indication at the ground surface verifying proper latching and locking of the device in a casing string. The anchoring device includes a tubular housing assembly, a packer cup assembly secured to the lower portion of the housing assembly, an expansion sleeve slidably disposed within the housing assembly for forcing latching dogs radially outwardly from the housing assembly to engage an annular recess in the casing string, a setting sleeve longitudinally slidably disposed within the housing assembly telescopically related to the expansion sleeve and a lock sleeve releasably secured to the setting sleeve and telescopically related to the expansion sleeve.
Abstract: A well packer for use in geothermal wells or .[.stem.]. .Iadd.steam .Iaddend.injection wells. The packer can be anchored to the inner wall of a casing string to resist differential pressure in either direction. The anchoring means includes a single set of slip elements which are hydraulically or mechanically set. The packer includes a sealing unit with packing elements especially adapted for high temperature wells. The packer can be simply released from the casing by upward tension on the tubing.