Abstract: An agricultural implement includes a toolbar that extends transverse to a tongue when in a field use configuration. The toolbar can be lifted and/or rotated relative to the tongue to transition between a field use and a transport use. A lifting assembly includes one or more actuators and linkage systems to lift the toolbar attached thereto in an arced manner in moving from a field use configuration to a transport configuration. A rotating mechanism can also include one or more actuators to rotate the toolbar about a pivot member. An anti-rotation link includes a member is connected to the toolbar and can be positioned at least partially within a groove to mitigate rotation of the toolbar, such as during the lifting of the toolbar.
April 20, 2016
Date of Patent:
May 8, 2018
Kinze Manufacturing, Inc.
Jon Kinzenbaw, Robert Blackwell, Riley Lind
Abstract: A multiple purpose agricultural power tool is provided which consists of a removable cover to fit over an open top of a housing, a wheel assembly which is rotatable and mounted to the housing, so that it can travel along the ground and a pair of legs affixed to a rearward bottom edge of the housing for stabilizing the housing when not traveling along the ground. A power source is carried within the housing for producing rotary motion and a mechanism is carried within the housing for converting the rotary motion to a reciprocating motion. A shank coupled to the converting mechanism extends downwardly at an angle from a front wall of the housing. A detachable implement is coupled to the shank for performing a garden task on the ground. The power tool is also provision to supply power to alternative connectable auxiliary power implement.
Abstract: A minimum tillage farm implement capable of being used for plowing, cultivating, planting and insecticide and herbicide and fertilizer application, which includes a tool bar frame having three parallel spaced apart laterally positioned tool bars held together by detachable interconnecting frame members. Coulters, chisel plows and discing pairs are mounted in series to the front tool bar. Variable width rototillers are attached to the middle tool bar and planters are attached to the rear tool bar, both serially alligned with the discing pairs. The coulters, chisel plows, discs and rototillers prepare a fine seed bed, even in stalks and stubble, to allow beneficial planting of row crop seeds by the planters. In a second mode the front and rear tool bars are detached leaving only the middle tool bar with rototillers, which can be adjusted for width and position to perform as cultivators of the areas between adjacent seed beds.
Abstract: A combination tillage apparatus for towing behind a tractor comprises an extended frame having a trunk member oriented along the direction of travel of the apparatus and at least one pair of parallel and spaced apart branch members oriented perpendicularly to the trunk member. Each one of a pluralilty of implements is mounted in a mounting mechanism and a stabilizing mechanism which provide independent angular, translational, and vertical adjustment of each of the implements relative to the frame. A first modified embodiment of the combination tillage apparatus allows angular adjustment of the implement relative to the stabilizing mechanism independently from the angular adjustment of the stabilizing mechanism relative to the frame.
Abstract: The flexible tiller has a center and two end sections, each including a cutter bar, frame, apron and grooming bar. The two tiller end sections are connected flexibly to the ends of the center section by frame to frame hinges and by cutter to cutter universal joints, so that the end sections can rotate freely about the hinges. The tiller center section is secured to the towing mechanism to oscillate about a central horizontal axis in the direction of travel. The oscillating center section and the two pivotally attached end sections cooperate to enable the tiller to closely conform to and thoroughly groom rolling snow paths without reducing them to flat ones. The rolling paths are enjoyable to ski, and are slower and safer. A controllable hydraulic ram is mounted to act across each hinge, so that the operator may select the degree of bending permitted at each hinge, and may hydraulically lock it into selected position, if desired.
Abstract: A ground-working implement which comprises a rotary tiller or like groundosening unit and a smoothing board located behind the tiller. Both the unit and the smoothing board are subdivided generally centrally and the sections are connected by a ball and hinge joint, respectively, for the unit and the board to allow compensatory adjustment of the inclinations of the sections for varying terrains.
February 29, 1988
Date of Patent:
January 9, 1990
Bombardier-Rotax-Wien Produktions- und Vertriebsgesellschaft m.b.H.
Abstract: A soil cultivating implement comprising a row of power-drivable, soil working members supported by a hollow frame extending substantially horizontally perpendicular to the implement's intended direct of operative travel to provide selectively upwardly or downwardly directed forces upon that row via the hollow frame. A supporting ground roller is connected behind the row, its rotary axis being contained in an imaginary vertical plane. A mobile implement provides mass to exert a downward force on the cultivating implement at a coupling point which, in turn, is translated into an upward force on the frame's forward aspect by way of arms and strong pivots, such arms being turnable about the ground roller's rotary axis. The upwardly directed force assists soil-working members automatically to elevate as needed for riding over rocks or other buried obstacles without significant damage.
Abstract: A soil tilling machine comprising subsoil tilling members, known as subsoilers, which are drivable via a tractor's PTO around inclined upwardly directed axes. The subsoilers are each primarily constituted by a fowardly and downwardly inclined extending shaft. In front of the tilling members, coulter discs are arranged which cut trenches through which the subsoilers' shafts can move so that the subsoil is intensively worked and broken up while the surface of the soil is hardly disturbed. A roller wheel which controls the depth of the subsoilers is disposed to their rear. The subsoilers are supported by a frame which is hingedly attached to a frame portion having a rectangular trestle for coupling to a tractor's three-point hitch via a spring-loaded parallelogram arrangement which assists in permitting the subsoilers to lift automatically if they encounter obstructions.
Abstract: A minimum tillage farm implement capable of being used for plowing, cultivating, planting and insecticide and herbicide and fertilizer application, which includes a tool bar frame having three parallel spaced apart laterally positioned tool bars held together by detachable interconnecting frame members. Coulters, chisel plows and discing pairs are mounted in series to the front tool bar. Variable width rototillers are attached to the middle tool bar and planters are attached to the rear tool bar, both serially aligned with the discing pairs. The coulters, chisel plows, discs and rototillers prepare a fine seed bed, even in stalks and stubble, to allow beneficial planting of row crop seeds by the planters. In a second mode the front and rear tool bars are detached leaving only the middle tool bar with rototillers, which can be adjusted for width and position to perform as cultivators of the areas between adjacent seed beds.
Abstract: A sod harvesting machine travels forwardly along a path of travel and has a sod cutting head pivotally connected to a fixed rear frame by a horizontal front pivot shaft having its axis aligned along the path of travel and located close to the ground, and by a pair of rear pivots. The rear pivots are formed by a pair of curved tracks and rollers at the rear of the cutting head, well above the ground, allowing the front of a conveyor to be brought near the ground and close behind the sod cutting knife. The curved tracks have a common center of curvature located on the axis of the front pivot shaft so that they have the same effect as a horizontal rear pivot shaft located close to the ground and aligned with the front pivot shaft.
Abstract: Liquid applications of materials such as herbicides usually are broadcast over the field and then incorporated by harrowing or the like. The present device utilizes a plurality of open based boxes having a rotary cultivator therein with a spray nozzle attached to a supply of liquid chemical under pressure thus restricting the application of the chemical to a band the width of the box and incorporating it at the same time. Rake teeth smooth out the soil behind each applicator and a seeding or planting machine may be hitched behind the incorporator followed by a packer so that the entire chemical treatment, incorporation thereof, planting and packing can be undertaken in one pass over the field.
Abstract: A device for weeding such vine crops as melons, cucumbers or the like comprising a tool bar adapted to be carried by a tractor. The tool bar in turn carries multiple rotary agitators adapted to stir the earth and uproot plants with which they come into contact. The agitators are driven by motors and are suspended from the tool bar so that they can be raised or lowered. Springs may be used to bias the agitator to particular position and seats may be carried by the tool bar so that operators of the agitators may ride over the field.
Abstract: An automotive aerator includes a tractor or the like and an aerator carried movable vertically by the tractor or the like. A landing sensor for the detection of the spike pipe of the aerator, a device for driving the spike pipe into soil, and a depth sensor for detecting that the spike pipe has been driven to a predetermined depth in soil are provided so that actuation of the spike pipe driving device is preferably started when the spike pipe engages the surface of the ground and is stopped when the spike pipe reaches the predetermined depth.
Abstract: Agricultural apparatus to be driven by a tractor comprises a main frame attachable to the rear end of the tractor, a pair of ground-engaging wheels carried on the opposite ends of the main frame, a pair of rotary-driven agricultural units mounted on opposite sides of the main frame along a common axis, and a third rotary-driven agricultural unit mounted on the main frame centrally between the pair of units and rearwardly of their common axis. The three rotary-driven agricultural units such as rotary tillers, are each independently mounted to the main frame by a separate 3-point connection, permitting each to be float upwardly or downwardly with respect to the ground.
Abstract: A combination implement for agricultural cultivation has a main frame liftably connectable with a pulling or dragging machine and supporting a cultivating device, and an auxiliary frame carrying a crumbler roller which supports the combination implement during cultivation and is adjustable relative to the main frame, wherein a supporting member is provided between the main frame and the auxiliary frame and has a play so that the main frame with the cultivating device arranged thereon can be upwardly deflected relative to the auxiliary frame or the crumbler roller during the cultivation.
Abstract: A soil cultivating machine attachment has a row of single tined rotary members. Each rotary member includes a shaft journalled in a hollow box-like frame portion and a lower tine has a holder bolted to the lower end of the shaft. The tine has an operative portion that is curved from its holder so that the majority of that portion co-extends with the center line of the shaft. Each cultivating member can have a single tine that is fastened to the lower shaft end and a supporting part on that end has a face that cooperates with an opposing face of a fastening tine part and a centering member ensures proper fit. The members are removable as separate units together with their bearings, housings, gears and connections, from the top of the hollow frame portion or at least from above the bottom of the frame portion.
Abstract: An earth tilling machine is provided having a structural frame on which a plurality of earth working units are mounted and operable to cultivate or till the soil. Each earth working unit includes an earth working head having a plurality of earth working rotors each mounted for revolution about a respective vertical axis with the axes of all rotors of a particular head disposed in a common vertical plane. The rotors of each head are mounted for revolution about a single vertical axis which is coaxial with the axis of revolution of one of the rotors of each particular head whereby the effective working width of the head can be varied from a minimum of the effective working diameter of a single rotor to a maximum of the cumulative effective working length of all rotors carried by that head.
Abstract: This invention relates to an auger and to a plow including such auger. This specification discloses an auger which is suitable for use even in the difficult terrain encountered in typical reforestation operations. An auger in accordance with this disclosure has its axis extending in the direction of movement of the plow and is arranged to rotate in a direction opposing the forward movement of the plow. The auger has a plurality of generally helical turns. Sections of the ground engaging portions around the periphery of the turns have an angle of attack in a plane at a selected angle to the axis of the auger and other sections have angles of attack in planes at a different angle. These ground engaging sections of the periphery are preferably teeth which because of the difference in angles discussed above attack the ground at different cutting angles.
Abstract: A soil preparing device for preparing forest soil to a planting bed. The device comprises a frame intended to be mounted on a forest tractor, a support arm mounted on the frame pivotally around a horizontal link, and a preparing element supported by a slide mounted vertically movably on said support arm. The slide is fastened to a hydraulic cylinder supported by said support arm for continuously adjusting the vertical position of said slide and, accordingly, of the position of the preparing element with respect to the ground during the preparation. A deviation of the support arm upwardly or downwardly from a neutral position activates said hydraulic cylinder of the slide to displace the preparing element upward and downward, respectively, due to variations in the ground level and obstacles on the ground. The preparing element can therefore be displaced clear of any unevennesses in the ground without substantially deviating from its working angle in relation to the ground.
Abstract: An implement mounts a row of rotatable members, having resilient tines, that are rotatable about upwardly extending shafts. The frame portion is pivoted to a forward coupling member at several points, a lower one of which is a shear pin that allows the frame portion to tilt upwardly about an axis defined by two upper pivots upon overload of a tined member.
Abstract: A soil cultivating implement has tined, rotatable soil working implements mounted along the length of an elongated transverse frame portion that has carriers pivoted to the front of the frame by at least one pivot that defines a single axis. The rear ends of the carriers comprise stops with resilient connections that limit and bias the frame portion's position. The frame portion, together with soil working members are displaceable up and down relative to the remainder of the frame, responsive to ground conditions. Shield plates are mounted along the lengths of arms that pivotably interconnect a rear supporting roller to the front of the frame. Each working member includes a support made up of interconnected strips that are bent to form arms. The outer ends of the arms have plates and form holders that engage tine fastening portions. The strips are clamped between multi-sided plates and deflect when the tines encounter obstacles.
Abstract: A cultivator attachment is mounted to the side of a tractor and includes an outwardly projecting boom assembly with first and second boom sections. The boom sections telescope and a cultivator head with a rotating cultivator member is connected to the free end of the second boom section. A first hydraulic cylinder raises and lowers the boom assembly while a second such cylinder extends and retracts the second boom section to move the cultivator head inwardly toward and outwardly away from the tractor to avoid obstacles in its path. A hydraulic motor on the head rotates the cultivator member about its axis. A side tilt mechanism located at the free end of the second boom section tilts the axis of the cultivator member in the plane of the boom assembly to direct the discharge of material from the cultivator head toward or away from the tractor during cultivation.
Abstract: An oscillating harrow having a pair of harrow rings which can be raised and folded easily for transport. Each ring includes a pair of opposed, central segments which are disposed below a ground-travelling frame, and a pair of opposed side segments which are mounted on the central segments for swinging between positions extending laterally and upwardly with respect to the frame. A pair of wing members attached to opposed sides of the frame, adjacent opposed side segments, are shiftable between operative and transport positions. The wing members are coupled to associated side segments through cables which are slack when the members are in their operative positions. As the wing members are swung from their operative to their transport positions, slack in the cables is taken up, causing the side segments to be drawn toward the associated wing members.
Abstract: A rotary tiller device with a rotor disposed for rotation about a vertical axis is adapted for mounting on the lift arms of a mobile vehicle and includes a yieldable arm suspension mechanism and spring tiller teeth depending downwardly from the rotor, both of which in combination with each other provide uniform tillage depth control of the device. The rotor assembly can be moved laterally inwardly and outwardly with respect to the frame, and the beam can be adjustably swiveled about a vertical axis such that the rotor can be positioned to the left side, right side, or front of the frame or vehicle.
Abstract: A soil working machine pivotably mounts at least one rotor having serrated working elements. The rotor is pivotally connected at each end to a frame beam by a pin which can be inserted into either one of two holes located one above the other. The hole chosen governs the resistance to upward pivoting of the rotor. The machine can be hitched to a tractor either with the frame beam substantially transverse of the intended direction of operative travel, or with the frame beam inclined to this direction. Each rotor has end plates that mount forward blades and the outer plate supports a gear transmission to the rear of the respective blade.
Abstract: A soil cultivating machine includes a frame and a plurality of cultivating members in one or more groups journalled to said frame. Each group is driven to rotate about a horizontal shaft extending substantially transverse to the direction of machine travel. The groups of cultivating members are preferably arranged in at least two groups located side-by-side and pivotable about transverse pivots to move vertically against spring opposition to avoid obstacles. Each cultivating member is made of semicircular plates fastened to rings on the horizontal shaft and the plates can have cuts that divide them into segment parts. The outer working portions of the plates can be offset so that neighboring members work paths that overlap or are closely adjacent one another. Each group has respective side plates and a hood supported by the plates and the hood is interconnected to the frame with a spring-loaded rod.
Abstract: A tractor having a frame supported by ground-engaging drive wheels, a tool bar carried by the tractor and on which various implements may be mounted, the tool bar being universally mounted on the frame whereby the implement may be raised above or lowered to the ground, and can follow the contour of the ground, a power unit also mounted on the tool bar so as to have a direct driving connection to the implement not affected by the universal "floating" movement of the implement and tool bar, and a driving connection between the power unit and the drive wheels, of a type not affected by the relative movability of the tool bar and tractor frame, in order that both the implement and the tractor may be driven by a single power unit. Mechanism is also provided for pivoting the tool bar to elevate the implement above the ground when desired, for supporting the tool bar while implements are changed, and for holding the implement firmly against the ground when required.
February 23, 1979
Date of Patent:
May 12, 1981
Excel Industries, Inc.
David L. Mullet, Raymond J. Rilling, Elmer D. Voth
Abstract: An implement is connectable to the lifting hitch of a tractor and at least one rotary tool is driven to rotate about an upwardly extending axis. The tool or a trestle frame has an overload connection that allows the tool or frame to pivot to an inoperative position upon overload. The tool can be a blade on a carrier part that is pivoted to a support part on a spoke and a shear pin interconnected to prevent such pivoting unless tripped by overload. The parts can have a discharge arrangement that ejects the sheared pin portion from a recess in one part. Upon adjustment of the tool, the pin remainder can effect reconnection. In another embodiment, the trestle frame is coupled to a three point hitch and the implement can be tripped through a pivot connection, including a strut made up of two shaft parts, one of which holds a shear pin and the other receives a pin portion near the junction of the parts. The pin element normally prevents relative pivoting of the implement relative to the tractor connection.
Abstract: A cultivating machine (FIG. 1) having a frame (1) for mounting of the machine on a tractor, and having arms (34) on which angle drives (6) for the cultivating tools (26) are mounted, resiliently joined thereto by way of arms (29) and connectors (33, 35, 36). A transverse shaft (7), by way of bevel gears, drives the tool holders (24) for rotation of the tools (26). The transverse shaft directly drives output shafts to which the tool holders are connected.
Abstract: A cultivating implement has a main frame comprised of beams that support an elongated central frame portion that has rotatable soil working members mounted in a transverse row. At each lateral side of the central portion, an outer elongated frame portion, with a corresponding group of further soil working members, is pivoted. In working position, the outer portions comprise extensions of the central portion so that a broad strip of ground is worked. For transport, the outer portions can be pivoted upwardly by hydraulic assemblies about pivots that interconnect same to the central portion, and the central portion can be raised out of ground contact by further hydraulic assemblies that move rear ground wheels into supporting position. Each of the hydraulic assemblies has a latch that cooperates with a pin to retain the outer portions and ground wheels in transport position. A cable or rope to the operator can pivot and release the latch so that a working position can be assumed.
Abstract: This invention relates to soil cultivating implements having a frame portion that carries a plurality of soil working members arranged in a row that extends transverse to the direction of operative travel. The frame portion is linked to a supporting structure provided with a coupling connection to a prime mover. The linkage between the frame portion and the supporting structure is such that the frame portion is upwardly and downwardly displaceable relative to the supporting structure and guides are located close to the linkage to guide upward and downward movements of the linkage arms and prevent lateral movements of the frame portion during travel.
Abstract: A cultivating implement has a row of soil working members that rotate about corresponding upwardly extending shafts that are driven by a common driving transmission. Each soil working member is independently connected to the implement frame by a linkage that permits pivoting to avoid an obstacle. Each member includes a horizontal arm with a stub shaft at each end of that arm and a tool that freely rotates about its respective stub shaft when the tool's tines contact the ground. The soil working members are mounted in a row that extends transverse to the direction of implement travel. A supporting roller is adjustably connected to the frame parallel to the row and can be used to regulate the working depths of the tines.
Abstract: An implement has at least one group of soil working members arranged in a row that extends transverse to the direction of travel. The group of members is carried on an elongated frame portion that is connected to an overlying supporting structure by parallelogram linkages. Fore and aft ground wheels on corresponding arms interconnect the wheels to beams of the structure and the arms for the front wheels form part of further parallelogram structures. A hydraulic piston assembly bridges each rear arm to an upper arm link of a further parallelogram linkage so that the arms can be pivoted and the supporting structure together with the frame portion with soil working members, are raised to a transport position. The wheels can each be adjusted about a vertical axis to support the implement, in part, during operation or entirely during transport. Respective coupling members are attached to the front and the side of the implement for towing same in either position.
Abstract: A cultivator has an elongated beamed frame and a plurality of soil working groups pivoted to a forward beam by at least one parallelogram linkage. The groups are pivoted to turn about pivot connections, that define horizontal axes that extend transverse to the direction of travel, responsive to ground undulations. Driving connection to each group is obtained through gear boxes mounted along a support that extends transverse to the direction of travel, between forward and rearward beams of the frame and each group is rotated about an axis defined by an upwardly extending shaft that is engaged by a transverse driving shaft housed in the support. The support can also be formed by elongated frame portions that are mounted side-by-side with driving shafts mounted on the tops of the frame portions.
Abstract: A tillage apparatus for sod seeding usage includes a plurality of tillage unit assemblies having power driven blades receiving power from a tractor which tows the apparatus. An improved tillage blade is disclosed.
August 26, 1975
Date of Patent:
November 22, 1977
Deere & Company
Edward M. Smith, James H. Casada, Timothy H. Taylor
Abstract: A cultivator or harrow has an elongated frame and a row of rotatable soil working members pivoted to the frame for independent displacement when an obstacle is contacted. Each soil working member can be tined support having an upwardly extending shaft drivenly connected to a common drive shaft or gear train. Pivotable connections between the frame and the upwardly extending shafts permit deflective movements of each member as a unit with respect to a hollow beam of the frame. The connections can be housings and/or spring biased tie parts with bearings or bracket-support pivot connections or cranks that enable the soil working members to move about at least one axis relative to the frame beam. Also, the upwardly extending shafts can be connected to the driving means by universal joints or resilient couplings. Each soil working member is biased by springs or normally assumes a central equilibrium position.