Abstract: An agricultural implement having a rolling basket is disclosed. The rolling basket includes a plurality of elongated members arranged in a substantially cylindrical shape. A stationary internal scraper is disposed in the inner chamber of the rolling basket and is adapted for breaking up a material from the inner chamber as the rolling basket is rotated around the major axis of rotation of the rolling basket. The internal scraper extends in an upward direction with respect to the major axis of rotation of the rolling basket with the upper edge of the internal scraper distally spaced away from and above the major axis of rotation of the rolling basket and with the lower edge of the internal scraper distally spaced away from and above the major axis of rotation of the rolling basket. The upper edge of the internal scraper is positioned above the lower edge.
Abstract: An agricultural implement having a rolling basket. A stationary blade is disposed inside an inner chamber of the rolling basket and attached at ends of the rolling basket near the bearings that are connected to the rolling basket. The rolling basket rotates around its major axis via the bearings, while the blade is held stationary. The stationary blade has sleeves at the ends, and each of the sleeves is connected to a post of a support arm and locked into the posts via a pin.
Abstract: An agricultural undercut implement includes a frame carrying ground-engaging rolling means, a cutting disk arrangement to cut parallel slits in the ground soil, and an undercut assembly having upright cutting edges each aligned to follow a slit, and a transverse blade with a horizontal cutting edge disposed to undercut the ground soil between slits, as the frame rolls over the ground, such as when towed behind a tractor. The transverse blade is configured to sever the strip of ground soil undercut by the cutting edge, and then move the undercut soil strip up and over the blade before replacing it intact on the ground. A method of agricultural crop management includes non-terminatingly retarding the growth of a permanent cover crop by using the implement to undercut and replace intact the ground soil beneath the cover crop. Some examples include drive units configured to drive blades through pluralities of blade positions.
Abstract: A tiller (100) configured to be pulled by a tractor includes a support structure (110) comprising a hitch assembly (112), a rotor housing (120), and a rear support (114). A rotary tiller assembly (150) is rotatably mounted in the rotor housing. A drive assembly (130) includes a gear box that receives power from a power takeoff and splits the power between left and right belt drives that engage either end of the tiller rotor (151). A bed former assembly (170) extends rearward from the tiller and includes a pan with a converging channel and a distal portion, positioned to receive tilled soil to form a raised bed. Shovel assemblies (190) are disposed on either side of the rotary tiller assembly.
Abstract: The powered rolling and crimping device is used to terminate cover crops in a minimum tillage soil conservation system. The device includes a powered crimping mechanism in combination with a crop roller. Power is transferred from a tractor power takeoff to a plurality of cam mechanisms via mechanical gearbox. The cam mechanisms raise and lower a crimping bar. As an operator directs a walk-behind tractor across a field of cover crops, a crop roller first flattens the crops and the powered crimping bar crimps the crops, thereby terminating the cover crops without severing the crop stalks disturbing the soil.
February 2, 2010
Date of Patent:
May 15, 2012
The United States of America, as represented by the Secretary of Agriculture
Abstract: A convertible rotary hoe and tiller apparatus for weeding and loosening soil without being prone to clogging with weeds during normal use. The convertible rotary hoe and tiller apparatus generally comprises a tilling assembly connected to a power differential, the tilling assembly comprising a plurality of tines operably connected to a hub, wherein at least some of the tines are curved, rearwardly facing relative to the direction of rotation, and turned in a direction outside the plane of the hub. During normal hoeing operation, the curved portion of the tines makes initial contact before the ends of the tines, such that the convertible rotary hoe and tiller apparatus in the hoe configuration functions in a more efficient manner to weed the soil and vegetation as opposed to digging or tilling the soil.
Abstract: A vertical tilling implement to be pulled behind and agricultural vehicle having a number of gangs of fluted-concave disc blades, rolling baskets, and wheels connected to a main frame. As the vertical tilling implement is pulled, the fluted-concave disc blades move the soil in a direction lateral to the side of the blades as well as up. Meanwhile, the rolling bars aid in leveling the seedbed and crushing the remaining large pieces of soil. The vertical tilling implement reduces the amount of subsoil compaction and cuts through heavy residue making it ideal for use in the fall or in the spring.
November 28, 2007
May 28, 2009
Michael George Kovach, Tracey Duane Meiners, Dean Alan Knobloch, Gaylen James Kromminga, Gregory S. Smart
Abstract: A tiller assembly includes a tine assembly that is rotatably connected to a tiller body and the tine assembly includes at least one tine for use in tilling associated soil. A hydraulic system is operatively connected to the tine assembly and includes a hydraulic pump, a hydraulic motor for use in rotating the tine assembly in first and second directions, a control valve, and hydraulic hose for use in communicating hydraulic fluid between the hydraulic pump, the hydraulic motor, and the control valve. The control valve may be positioned on-the-go into a first position thereby causing the tine assembly to rotate in a first direction and into a second position thereby causing the tine assembly to rotate in a second direction. The tiller assembly may also include a roller assembly that has a roller frame pivotably connected to the tiller body. The roller assembly also includes a roller that is rotatably connected to the roller frame and a spring for use in maintaining the roller against the soil.
Abstract: A soil deflecting and leveling reel is formed by end plates having a plurality of blades extending helically therebetween. Intermediate plates are positioned in spaced relation to the end plates and reinforce the reel blades. The reel is rotatably mounted on a reel support frame which is pivotally connected to a tillage tool frame in close proximity behind a disc gang. The reel support frame is resiliently urged to engage the reel with the ground whereby ground contact rotates the reel as the tool frame is drawn across a field. The blades of the rotating reel engage soil ejected upwardly by the discs and deflect the soil back to the ground to minimize lateral shifting of the soil and consequent formation of ridges and furrows by the discs. Additionally, the blades of the rotating reel break up clods of the soil and churn the soil to improve mixing and incorporation of chemicals applied to the soil.
Abstract: The present invention entails an agricultural implement for forming planting rows with a minimum of tillage. The implement of the present invention is designed to form a multiplicity of rows and accordingly includes a series of side-by-side row units. Each row unit includes a front colter, a ripper which follows the colter, a rotor tiller assembly disposed behind the ripper, a pair of laterally spaced soil confining panels extending between the ripper and the rotor tiller assembly, and a final following soil packer. Once the agricultural implement has traversed a certain area of the land, there is formed a multiplicity of planting rows with the area between the formed planting rows being untilled.
Abstract: A stone burying attachment for a finish grading landscape machine is disclosed wherein the attachment is optionally mounted to the frame of the machine to create a furrow immediately forwardly of the discharge side of the machine to permit a burying of stones and other unwanted debris collected by the landscape machine during operation thereof. The stone burying attachment is positionally adjustable between operative and inoperative positions to permit a selective engagement thereof at the discretion of the operator. The attachment includes a disc positioned angularly with respect to the direction of travel and also positionable at varying heights in the operative position for selectively varying the desired depth of the furrow being formed thereby. A breakaway feature protects the attachment if the disc engages an immovable object.
Abstract: A three-point hitch mounted in-row tiller has a conventional three-point hitch mounted frame member with an outrigger arm pivotally mounted to the frame member in a manner that accommodates pivotal movement of the outrigger in relation to the frame member about two orthogonal axes. Pivotal movement about one of the axes causes tilting of a working tool mounted on the outrigger arm, and pivotal movement about the other axis causes vertical lifting and depth control of the working tool. Various working tool embodiments, including several with flexible teeth, and a mechanical/hydraulic sensor apparatus are also included.
December 5, 1986
Date of Patent:
June 26, 1990
Town & Country Research & Development, Inc.
Abstract: A soil cultivating implement comprising a row of power-drivable, soil working members supported by a hollow frame extending substantially horizontally perpendicular to the implement's intended direct of operative travel to provide selectively upwardly or downwardly directed forces upon that row via the hollow frame. A supporting ground roller is connected behind the row, its rotary axis being contained in an imaginary vertical plane. A mobile implement provides mass to exert a downward force on the cultivating implement at a coupling point which, in turn, is translated into an upward force on the frame's forward aspect by way of arms and strong pivots, such arms being turnable about the ground roller's rotary axis. The upwardly directed force assists soil-working members automatically to elevate as needed for riding over rocks or other buried obstacles without significant damage.
Abstract: A power take-off shaft driven combination machine for ground preparation which can be coupled to a tractor vehicle is equipped, with a view to a short, light and constructionally simple construction, with levelling tools 107 arranged directly behind the tractor vehicle 38 which level the wheel tracks left by the tractor vehicle 38, with a rotor-tiller 20 arranged between the levelling tools which is driven via the power take-off shaft in a direction of rotation U which sustains the direction of travel F and which throws the excavated earth against a movable rake 24 or against a flexibly arranged mat 31 and with a vertically adjustable crushing roller 202 arranged therebehind which has a peripherally at least substantially closed roller body 203 with peripherally directed rows of teeth 204 and scrapers 207 arranged between and spaced apart from the rows of teeth.
Abstract: A soil tilling machine comprising subsoil tilling members, known as subsoilers, which are drivable via a tractor's PTO around inclined upwardly directed axes. The subsoilers are each primarily constituted by a fowardly and downwardly inclined extending shaft. In front of the tilling members, coulter discs are arranged which cut trenches through which the subsoilers' shafts can move so that the subsoil is intensively worked and broken up while the surface of the soil is hardly disturbed. A roller wheel which controls the depth of the subsoilers is disposed to their rear. The subsoilers are supported by a frame which is hingedly attached to a frame portion having a rectangular trestle for coupling to a tractor's three-point hitch via a spring-loaded parallelogram arrangement which assists in permitting the subsoilers to lift automatically if they encounter obstructions.
Abstract: An auxiliary mounting device for use with a tractor having a one-point tractor hitch. The auxiliary mounting device includes a body having a forward end and a rearward end with the longitudinal axis of the body extending therebetween. Means are provided for attaching the body to the tractor hitch. The auxiliary mounting device includes a primary tool mount on which a primary cultivating tool may be mounted in fixed relation to the body. A secondary tool mount is located rearwardly of the primary tool mount. A secondary cultivating tool may be mounting thereon. Wheels are attached to the body in rotating relation and are located at a selected point between the primary and secondary tool mounts. Means are provided for moving the wheels between a first position, wherein the wheels support and elevate the body and the primary and secondary cultivating tools are held above the ground, and a second position, wherein the body is lowered and the primary and secondary cultivating tools are engaged with the ground.
Abstract: A tractor-powered cultivator with powered cultivating tools, with a trailing roller behind the tools, and with upright baffles that extend at least approximately along the direction of travel, that are positioned laterally next to the outer tools to block the clods of earth thrown to the side by the tools, and that can be raised up and down along with the roller. To provide universally applicable lateral baffles for various types of cultivator, the baffles are fastened to the frame of the roller.
October 30, 1985
Date of Patent:
January 12, 1988
Amazonen Werke H. Dreyer GmbH & Co. KG
Franz Grosse-Scharmann, Reinhard Higgen, Reinhard Gieseke, Bernd Gattermann
Abstract: An agricultural implement for clearing a field of crop residue after harvest is attached to the linkage of a tractor and serves to cut and shred stalks of plants planted in two parallel rows. It comprises two sheave-shaped rollers on a common axle serving to crush the stalks and to flatten them onto the ground, and two flail-type fast-rotating shredders whose cutter bars cut and shred the stalks pressed on the ground by the rollers, while slightly penetrating in to the soil surface and cutting the upper root portions as well. Each shredder consists of a drum with pivotally attached cutter bars; both shredders are mounted on a horizontal shaft which is driven by the tractor power-take-off through a gear. A casing collects the shredded particles and spreads them on the ground behind the implement.
Abstract: A tine mounting arrangement for a harrow provides a transverse elongate support member with a plurality of stub shafts extending outwardly therefrom in the same horizontal plane at an angle of 45.degree.. Each stub shaft carries a pair of spring tines with the springs wrapped around the shaft and an inclined portion of the tine extending forwardly from the angled shaft and therefore at an angle to the transverse support member. Two such members can be mounted on pivot arms to provide a transverse reciprocating working action of the tines. This harrow element can be mounted upon support arms pivoted from a draw bar and carried on ground wheels which may be simple depth wheels or may form packer wheels. In an alternative arrangement the packer wheels and harrow element are mounted on a subframe which can be reversed so that the packers operate in advance of the harrow element.
Abstract: A soil cultivating machine comprises a cultivating member having discs and a tined roller, both of which are power-driven. Holes are provided in the discs and the periphery of each disc is divided into plate tine members by recesses. Tines extending from the tined roller extend between adjacent discs. In operation, the discs cut the soil into strips, and these strips are then engaged by tines of the tined roller. Further equipment, such as a seed drill, cultivator, or roller or a combination of these may be hitched to the machine.
Abstract: A soil cultivating machine comprising soil cultivating members which are rotated about upwardly extending axes and carried by a gear box which extends transversely of the intended direction of operative travel whereas behind the cultivating members a supporting roller is provided that is vertically adjustable on the gear box by means of carrying arms. Legal provisions in force in various countries limit the maximum widths of the machine for highway travel, for example, to three meters. The gear box can be limited to the prescribed dimension, by, at least at one end of the gear box, providing an end plate which extends above the gear box and pivotally engaging on the inboard side thereof a carrying arm for the roller. In this manner the outer surfaces of the two end plates for the gear box are exactly at a relative distance corresponding to the maximum width allowed while at the same time there is no sacrifice in the width along the gear box required for connecting the roller.
Abstract: A packer roller for a soil cultivating implement constructed to perform a soil cultivating operation in addition to that performed by any other soil cultivating members of the implement, the roller comprising a plurality of groups or crowns of six tine-like or tooth-like projections spaced apart from one another at regular intervals along the roller's axis of rotation which are connected to a central tubular support of that roller. Each projection has a relatively sharp rear edge with respect to the roller's usual direction of rotation and, inward from the sharp edge, a relatively blunt leading edge relative to such direction so that it first penetrates into the soil relatively easily and then resists forward progress through the soil thus tending in a positive sense to produce rotation around the roller's axis of rotation. The projections are formed from pairs of shaped plates and each plate includes a sleeve surrounding the central tubular carrier of the roller.
Abstract: A soil cultivating implement which comprises a row of power-driven rotary soil working members is provided, behind said soil working members with respect to the intended direction of operative travel of the implement, with a freely rotatable roller (10) having a cylindrical carrier (11) and a plurality of projections (12) formed in integral pairs and arranged in groups or crowns at regularly spaced apart intervals along the intended axis of rotation (a) of the roller (10). In order substantially to prevent clods of earth, old roots and the like from becoming jammed between the groups or crowns of projections (12), the relatively facing sides of the groups or crowns skeletally define radially outwardly divergent surfaces (B) and a pointed scraper (17) bears against the carrier (11) between each group or crown of projections (12).
Abstract: A combination implement for agricultural cultivation has a main frame liftably connectable with a pulling or dragging machine and supporting a cultivating device, and an auxiliary frame carrying a crumbler roller which supports the combination implement during cultivation and is adjustable relative to the main frame, wherein a supporting member is provided between the main frame and the auxiliary frame and has a play so that the main frame with the cultivating device arranged thereon can be upwardly deflected relative to the auxiliary frame or the crumbler roller during the cultivation.
Abstract: A vibrating earth ripping machine which includes a main frame and a vibrating frame which is pivotally connected to the main frame by a pair of movable thrust absorbing arms. The vibrating frame extends beyond the main frame rear end, and is secured to a transversely extending tool bar having a plurality of downwardly projecting ripper tines detachably secured thereto. A mass is rotatably mounted on the tool bar for eccentric mass distribution during rotation about a horizontal axis. A resilient vibration damping system is mounted between the main frame and vibrating frame to damp vibratory movement imparted to the vibrating frame by the rotating mass.
Abstract: A power driven disc cultivator apparatus includes a main frame to which are connected a main sub-frame assembly and at least one second sub-frame assembly. The main sub-frame assembly mounts a shaft provided with spaced cultivator discs which are constrained to rotate with the shaft. The shaft and thus the discs are power driven at a rate independent of the speed of advance of the tractor or like vehicle towing the cultivator apparatus. The main sub-frame assembly is located at the forward end of the main frame. The second sub-frames mount shafts which are not power driven. The sub-frames can be selectively positioned lengthwise and angularly relative to the main frame.
Abstract: A soil cultivating implement having an elongated frame portion which extends substantially horizontally perpendicular to the direction of travel of the implement mounts a side plate at each lateral end. The frame portion carries a row of rotary tined soil working members and the side plates can move upwardly and downwardly to cooperate with the adjacent soil working members and a rear supporting roller. In order to prevent the formation of the stream of soil produced by this cooperation into a ridge, the side plate comprises a rim having a lower substantially horizontal ground-engaging portion and also comprises a rear surface that is bent over inwardly towards the center of the implement to deflect the stream of soil towards the neighboring end of the following ground roller when the implement is in operation.
Abstract: A soil working implement has a row of soil working tools that displace soil rearwardly and laterally. A side-plate is pivoted to each side of the implement frame and positioned adjacent the outer ends of the row to arrest the lateral movement of the soil. An elongated supporting roller is located to the rear of the row to support the implement and further work the soil. Each side-plate has a lower rim that rides along the ground and a guide element is attached to the rear of the side-plate to extend inwardly towards an outer roller end. The element is preferably a blade that is inclined to displace soil arrested by the side-plate and prevent ridging. The blade can be integral or attached to the rim.
Abstract: A soil cultivating implement comprising soil working members having tines, the members being arranged in a row that extends transverse to the direction of travel. A ground roller is freely rotatable and positioned to the rear of the row of soil working members. In order for the roller to support the implement on the ground and regulate the maximum depth of penetration of the soil working members into the ground, the roller has crowns or assemblies of projections which comprise substantially radial portions and outer end portions which are bent over laterally in opposite directions by significant angles and also rearwardly with respect to the direction of normal roller rotation. In addition, they are widened towards the end in the direction of their rotational movement. Scraping members are positioned between the successive assemblies or crowns of projections and the roller may have a central tubular shaft or carrier of a different diameter.
Abstract: A soil cultivating machine has a frame portion extending transversely of the intended direction of operative travel and a row of cultivating members on that portion are rotatable about upwardly extending shafts. Behind the cultivating members there is a ground-engaging support roller pivotally connected with the frame portion by means of supporting arms. A mechanism, including a screw spindle or an hydraulic ram is provided for adjusting the roller in a direction of height to vary the working level and a locking device for fixing the roller against pivotal movement relative to the frame portion is also included. The locking device includes two parts that can be clamped against one another with relatively co-operating toothings interengaged. A resilient device on a rod of the mechanism is provided to allow relative movement between the co-operating toothings at the time of clamping the parts together.
Abstract: A soil cultivating implement has a row of tined soil working members extending transverse to the direction of travel. An implement-supporting and soil-working cage-formation ground roller is arranged behind said soil working members to be rotatable about a substantially horizontal axis. The roller has a plurality of relatively spaced apart carrier discs fixedly interconnected by a plurality of tubular elongate elements that are wound helically around the axis of rotation of the roller. When light and/or dry soil is to be cultivated, it is desirable that additional elongate elements should be placed in the skeletal cylindrically curved ground-engaging surface of the roller. A chosen number of auxiliary elongate elements can be arranged between the fixed elongate elements quickly and these elements are easily detachable and re-connectable.
Abstract: A roller for crumbling soil has round support plates arranged at spaced apart intervals along the axis of rotation of the roller. The plates are profiled with a saw-tooth configuration having folds and projections. Elongated elements, preferably bars, are fixed to the projections to extend generally parallel to the axis of rotation. The elements are T-shaped in cross section with the crossbar and upright of each T being connected to the peripheries of the plates leaving a space. The roller can be assembled by securing cross struts to the end plates, and passing the struts through the spaces. The intermediate plates are loosely held in position with the struts that bear on the peripheries of those plates. Thereafter, the bars can be welded or otherwise fixed to the plates' peripheries.
Abstract: A soil compacting roller comprises a cylinder rotatably mounted between the lower ends of substantially vertical limbs of two side supports. The cylinder is surrounded by a plurality of larger diameter rings which extend in relatively spaced apart, side-by-side relationship along the length of the cylinder. The roller also includes an internal tubular or rod supporting member spaced above the cylinder so that the rings are rotatable about that member and the cylinder entirely independently of one another. Guide members extend between the successively neighboring rings to keep them in position axially of the cylinder and to assist in dislodging adhering mud from the interiors and exteriors of the rings. The guide members can be in the form of pivotally mounted strips, spring steel rods, annular flanges carried at regular intervals along the cylinder, pairs of lugs carried by the supporting member or rotatably mounted circumferentially toothed discs which extend between the successive rings.
Abstract: An agricultural machine has at least one movable tool, such as a cultivating rotor, mower or raking member, spreader disc, or other driven member such as a tractor wheel or freely rotatable roller, which parts are interrupted in movement by a protective mechanism. The mechanism can be a pawl device associated with an overload coupling in the drive train that is actuated by a mechanical or electrical monitor to overload the device. The monitor can be a pivoted cover that partly overlies a rear roller or space adjacent same with projections that intercept the roller or a trip bar with contacts that opens or closes a circuit in a system that interrupts the drive to the moving parts responsive to contact with an external object. In another variation, the circuit can have sensors such as infrared or photoelectric cells to detect the presence or lack of presence of a human operator and these sensors can be placed in a tractor cab.
December 4, 1979
Date of Patent:
April 6, 1982
C. van der Lely N.V.
Cornelis van der Lely, Ary van der Lely
Abstract: The specification discloses an improved garden tiller which, in addition to having power driven rotating tines on the front of the tiller transverse to the direction of travel, has a pair of free wheeling cultivator cylinders mounted to a stationary axle between the normal rear support wheels of the cultivator. The rear wheels can either be manually or power driven, and the forward motion of the machine turns the cylinders, on which radially extending vanes are mounted, to lift up the soil as they roll, and then release it, leaving little furrows in the soil which are good for planting and also keep the soil from drifting in the wind.
Abstract: A soil working machine pivotably mounts at least one rotor having serrated working elements. The rotor is pivotally connected at each end to a frame beam by a pin which can be inserted into either one of two holes located one above the other. The hole chosen governs the resistance to upward pivoting of the rotor. The machine can be hitched to a tractor either with the frame beam substantially transverse of the intended direction of operative travel, or with the frame beam inclined to this direction. Each rotor has end plates that mount forward blades and the outer plate supports a gear transmission to the rear of the respective blade.
Abstract: A soil working machine has at least one, preferably two rotors, one of which is at a higher working level than the other to achieve a relatively large working depth. The rotors are driven through a drive gear transmission located about midway along the length of the rotors. An adjustable coupling of the machine can be used to establish either one of two positions which are offset about an axis which extends transverse to the normal direction of travel. The transmission includes change speed gears in a first gear box for connection to a tractor p.t.o. and an output of the transmission is geared to a gear wheel housed in a flat gear box, the gear wheel being in driving engagement with pinions on the rotor shafts. The entire frame can be rotated to a limited extent relative to the transmission gear box owing to a flange connection between the two gear boxes and a setting device for their relative positions to one another.
Abstract: A cultivating machine has one or more trailing rollers that support the cultivating members at the desired height. Each roller has ends that are journalled via bearings to adjustable arms and the bearings are protected by profiled hoods having rims joined to scraping elements which fit within dished screens on the roller ends. The elements remain stationary while the screens rotate and the former conduct soil away from the bearings during operation. Each roller has support plates with circumferential recesses that receive elongated peripheral elements. The arms extend upwardly to the rear and their forward ends are pivoted to a frame portion. A forward coupling trestle has rear supports interconnected to the arms.
Abstract: A soil cultivating machine has a row of cultivating members journalled in an elongated frame portion. The rear of the machine is supported by elongated rollers positioned side-by-side and pivotable arms interconnect the lateral roller ends to rear plates on the frame portion. The arms and working level of the rollers are settable and beam supports extend from the plates upwardly and forwardly to an apex connection to a trestle top. The trestle is a coupling with points connectable to the three point lift of a tractor.
Abstract: A soil cultivation implement comprising a frame adapted to be coupled to a drive means, and said frame supporting, one behind the other in the direction of travel, first cutting means for cutting the ground substantially vertically, second cutting means for dividing the ground substantially horizontally and lifting it in a rearward direction, and a substantially horizontal rotor. The rotor is provided with power means from said drive means and is adapted to be driven rotationally and provided with prongs for penetrating the surface of the ground. The prongs are disposed helically on a rotor shaft in a least three rows staggered uniformly in relation to one another in the peripheral direction. The prongs are further substantially rectilinear and rigidly fastened substantially tangentially on the rotor shaft. Furthermore the prongs enclose in relation to the radii associated with their fastening points an angle of less than 90.degree.
May 3, 1978
Date of Patent:
March 31, 1981
Claus Lutz, Bernhard Beha, Heinz Gernot Nieter, Helmut Steinhilber
Claus Lutz, Bernhard Beha, Heinz G. Nieter
Abstract: A soil working machine has elongated carriers that extend transverse to the direction of travel, one behind the other. Eccentric mechanisms are attached to each carrier to move tools depending from the carriers, back and forth in directions parallel to the direction of travel. The eccentrics have upper supports connected with resilient controls and lower supports of unequal lengths so that the tools work different paths. A front levelling member is connected to the frame via a parallelogram linkage and the rear carrier has a row of tines. A supporting roller is connected to the frame by arms each of which has two portions. The portions can be pivoted or slid towards and away from one another so that the roller is also moved towards and away from the carriers. Also, the arms with roller are vertically adjustable and fixable in position.
Abstract: A harrow has an elongated frame beam supporting a row of rotatable soil-working members mounted side-by-side on upwardly extending shafts. The frame beam and row of soil-working members extend transverse to the direction of travel of the harrow. At each lateral end of the row, a screening plate is positioned and pivoted to the frame beam. Each screening plate extends in a substantially vertical plane in the general direction of travel. Also, each plate has a lower support portion that rides over the ground and side edges that are inclined upwardly. The screening plates are supported on arms that can be pivoted to relocate the plates 180 degrees so they can rest in inverted positions on top of the frame beam during transport. A roller is pivoted to the frame and positioned to the rear of the soil working members and the screening plates are located between the roller and the members, when seen from the side.
Abstract: A machine is provided for the root-pruning of plants growing in rows, such that the root system of the plants will be small in circumference but finely-branched. The machine has, for each plant row, a knife unit for forming a groove in the ground and root-pruning the plants. Each knife unit comprises a first and second knife, wherein the first knife is forward of the second knife and lies in a vertical plane parallel to the direction of travel of the machine. The second knife has a cutting blade comprising a substantially vertical blade portion and a substantially horizontal blade portion. The first and second knives are rigidly interconnected and arranged for reciprocatory movement in a direction parallel to the direction of travel of the machine. A compactor is disposed behind the second knife for reclosing the groove made in the ground by the knife unit.
Abstract: A cultivating implement has a row of rotors that are driven to rotate about upwardly extending axes and an elongated roller with pins that project obliquely rearwardly, considering the normal direction of rotation of the roller. The roller is mounted on arms that are pivoted to the frame on pivots. On the rear ends of the arms, a carrier is pivoted and elongated scraper elements are mounted along the length of the carrier. The elements can be mounted in groups or single and extend forwardly and downwardly so that their forward end parts bear on the roller's surface between the pins. Gaps in the elements or between same allow the pins to pass during rotation of the roller. The carrier is interconnected with the arms by springs that bias the end parts into contact with the roller's surface.
Abstract: An implement attachable to the lifting links of a tractor has at least one, preferably two, rows of tines fixed to respective transverse frame beams. Between the rows of fixed tines, a supporting roller is pivoted to the frame. The roller can be adjusted relative to the frame to regulate the working depth of the first row of tines. An elongated soil working member is connected to the rear tined beam by a parallelogram linkage and a drive transmission, including at least one eccentric, is connected to upwardly extending support standards to reciprocate the working member in up and down directions so that lumps of soil are crumbled and levelled. The parallelogram linkage is resiliently connected or associated with the frame by opposing springs that permit reciprocal movements of the working member relative to the rear row of tines. The eccentric can be meshed pinions in a housing that are rotated by a drive shaft and each pinion weighted to be out of phase with the other by 180.degree..
Abstract: An implement has rows of tines on carrier supports that are elongated and extend transverse to the direction of travel. A transmission shaft with pairs of eccentrics is positioned between the supports and connected to move the tines of the supports to and fro in relatively opposite directions. The eccentrics are in pairs and interconnected to the frame by adjustable links that control the operative movements of the tines, those movements being in the direction of travel. A pulverizing member is pivoted to the rear carrier support to move with same and a front soil levelling member with strip-shaped members is positioned in front of the tines. Preferably, a supporting roller is connected to the frame at the rear of the pulverizing member.
Abstract: Improvements in rotary harrows whereby an odd number of soil-working members are rotatably journalled thereon, the members having an even number on each side of a gear box located over one of the members, the gear box being in driving engagement with mechanism for rotating all of the members. The soil-working members include downwardly extending soil engaging tines removably mounted on the harrow, some of the tines differing in length than other of the tines. Shaper plates may be provided before the conventional roller of the harrow and improved crowders may be provided between the tines and the shaper plates. Tunnels to protect plants may also be provided between the tines and the plates aligned with spacing therebetween. Side shields may also be provided on the harrow for containing soil or the like within the area being plowed by the harrow.
March 15, 1977
Date of Patent:
October 23, 1979
Osten E. Saugstad, Osten E. Saugstad, Jr.
Abstract: A cultivating implement has a supporting frame and elongated tined beams, extending transverse to the direction of travel, located below the frame. Each tined beam is connected to respective eccentric mechanisms mounted on two rotatable shafts that extend in the direction of travel and the shafts are supported on frame beams. One of the shafts is connected to a driving shaft via a gear box that houses a step-up gear transmission and drives the other shaft via the beams. The tined beams are moved through circular paths out of phase with respect to one another and can mount tines that crumble soil or strip-shaped tines that cut vegetation. A supporting roller is adjustably mounted on the frame to trail the tines and further work the soil.
Abstract: A soil cultivating implement has elongated transverse carriers that mount tines and corresponding eccentric mechanisms that are driven by a common shaft to orbit the tines through circular paths. Each carrier is pivoted to the frame by arms and springs suspend the carriers from the frame. During operation, the tines are moved smoothly, up and down, and torsion affects on the carriers are reduced. The tines can be connected to the carriers by quick-release cotter pins or bolts.
Abstract: A cultivator-material dispensing combination includes a soil-working member that rotates about a horizontal axis forwardly, relative to the direction of travel, to displace soil over the top of that member to a screening at the rear thereof. A seed dispensing hopper has conduits that are supported on a hood that overlies the member and extends to the rear thereof. Material is metered from the hopper through outlets at the conduits' lower rear sides. Drive to the hopper is via a one-way transmission that is driven by a rear roller only when the combination moves forwardly. A further roller can be positioned to the rear of the first mentioned roller and a fertilizer hopper feed also driven to dispense material to the worked soil.