Conduit Or Cable Joints Patents (Class 174/21R)
  • Patent number: 6166323
    Abstract: A connecting unit containing a four-segment inner conductor connection in an enclosure provided with two partitioning insulators and a installation opening, is used to provide easy mechanical access to an inner conductor of two partitioned sections of a gas-insulated, tubular conductor system, with one conductor segment of the inner conductor connection detachably connected in a shape of a claw to adjacent connector segments.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 1999
    Date of Patent: December 26, 2000
    Assignee: Siemens AG
    Inventors: Thomas Kelch, Mario Kieper, Christoph Braunlich
  • Patent number: 6002084
    Abstract: The line section of a gas-insulated line contains a high-voltage electric conductor and a pressure pipe which is made from a thermoplastic material and filled with insulating gas. The pressure pipe holds the electric conductor on insulated supports. The pressure pipe has two pipes which are welded to one another on the end faces thereof, the end section being respectively widened to flare outwardly in the radial direction with the welding of the two pipes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 1997
    Date of Patent: December 14, 1999
    Assignee: Asea Brown Boveri AG
    Inventors: Mats Leijon, Li Ming, Liu Rongsheng, Dan Windmar, Bertil Moritz
  • Patent number: 5952606
    Abstract: A gas-insulated cable having a plurality of lengths connected end to end, each length containing three conductors with the ends of the conductors of a length having respective metal endpieces engaging in respective cylindrical terminal metal portions of the corresponding conductors of the adjacent length, the terminal portions being provided with respective internal contacts co-operating with the endpieces, wherein a respective insulating sleeve of length substantially equal to twice its diameter is disposed around each of the endpieces and between the endpiece and the inside wall of the terminal portion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 18, 1997
    Date of Patent: September 14, 1999
    Assignee: GEC Alsthom T & D SA
    Inventors: Rene Tixier, Van Doan Pham
  • Patent number: 5684270
    Abstract: A joint with a boss for fitting to an assembly compartment for assembling together two adjacent lengths of a long-distance gas-insulated three-phase cable, the joint including a boss containing the seats of an externally-controllable valve whose drive combinations make it possible to establish communication independently either between the inside volumes of adjacent lengths, or the outside of the cable with the inside volumes of both adjacent lengths, or the outside of the cable with the inside volumes of one only of the lengths.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 12, 1995
    Date of Patent: November 4, 1997
    Assignee: GEC Alsthom T & D SA
    Inventors: Rene Tixier, Van Doan Pham
  • Patent number: 5558524
    Abstract: The cable connection is provided for a metal-encapsulated, gas-insulated, high-voltage switching installation. It has a connection enclosure (23) which surrounds connecting parts which are connected to the active parts of the gas-insulated, high-voltage switching installation, and cable connection encapsulation (18) which is connected to the connection enclosure (23) and surrounds a cable termination (14) with an end bolt (15). In addition, it has an electrically conductive connecting piece which is inserted between the end bolt (15) and the connecting parts. It is intended to create a cable connection for a metal-encapsulated, gas-insulated, high-voltage switching installation, which cable connection makes it possible to fit and remove the high-voltage cable easily and quickly and makes it possible to ground this cable reliably and in a manner which can be installed easily.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 28, 1995
    Date of Patent: September 24, 1996
    Assignee: ABB Management AG
    Inventors: John .ANG.. Classon, Herbert Schifko
  • Patent number: 5555221
    Abstract: A chain of elongate components (10, 20) are connected end-to-end. Each component (e.g. 10) comprises a sheath (1) closed at its ends filled with a dielectric liquid (e.g. kerosene). Sound detectors are located in the liquid as are electric conductors for conveying signals therefrom. The ends are closed by means including an electric connector. At least one of a pair of mating end portions includes a valve (14, 24) which releases the dielectric liquid from inside the sheath into the interstices between the mated pair. A bleed screw can be used to ensure no air remains. This arrangement minimises pressure differentials around the join between two adjacent elongate components and facilitates use of the chain at great depths.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 4, 1979
    Date of Patent: September 10, 1996
    Assignee: Thomson-CSF
    Inventors: Claude Brochard, Pierre Joanicot
  • Patent number: 5466890
    Abstract: Two electrical conduit sections are attached to a thermal expansion joint which permits relative axial movement between the conduit sections. One of the conduit sections has an end portion which is axially slidably disposed inside of the expansion joint. A ring shaped grounding element is mounted on a screw thread formed in that slidable end portion and is disposed in sliding connection with a cylindrical surface of the joint which surrounds the slidable end portion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 1994
    Date of Patent: November 14, 1995
    Assignee: Cooper Industries, Inc.
    Inventor: Brian M. Stagnitti
  • Patent number: 5415242
    Abstract: In a process and device for making an electrically connection between two end sections of two cable ducts, each duct having one electrically conducting wire, embedded in a wall of the duct and enclosed on all sides it is suggested to fit a collar comprising separable elements around the end section of each cable duct, to connect the collars by an electrically conducting cable, to achieve electrical contact between the detector wire and the conducting cable and to clamp the separable elements together.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 8, 1993
    Date of Patent: May 16, 1995
    Assignees: Kabelwerk Eupen AG, Cablerie d'Eupen S.A., Kabelfabriek Eupen N.V.
    Inventor: Rudolf Pelzer
  • Patent number: 5319155
    Abstract: The duct comprises an inner tube in which the wires are disposed, and this inner duct is placed inside an outer tube so as to provide a continuous inner space between the tubes, which completely surrounds the inner tube. A water inlet is in communication with the inner space and water is allowed to penetrate into the inner space upon the opening of a valve. The valve is operated by a fire detector. Upon activation of the valve in case of fire, water circulates through the inner space and is rejected into a drain. This system constitutes a fire and heat barrier for the wires of a building, for example.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 2, 1992
    Date of Patent: June 7, 1994
    Assignee: Ramfiq Fireproof Systems Inc.
    Inventor: Jules Maroist
  • Patent number: 5302780
    Abstract: A coaxial cable conductor (20) comprises a center conductor (22) having a preselected longitudinal shape and a longitudinally split outer conductor (24). The split outer conductor (24) includes a first partial outer conductor (60) comprising a portion of the circumference of the outer conductor along its longitudinal length and a second partial outer conductor (62) comprising the remaining portion of the circumference of the outer conductor along its longitudinal length and mating with the first partial outer conductor (60) along two joints (64). The two partial outer conductors (60, 62) may be mechanically joined and sealed along the longitudinal joints against leakage of radio frequency energy, as by the application of a conductive coating along the joints. The center conductor (22) is supported within the outer conductor (24) by a plurality of electrically insulating dielectric supports (68), leaving an insulating air gap between the center conductor (22) and the outer conductor (24).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 1992
    Date of Patent: April 12, 1994
    Assignee: Hughes Aircraft Company
    Inventor: Norman L. Alfing
  • Patent number: 5280131
    Abstract: A two way fluid flow check valve includes a plug movable reciprocally lengthwise of the valve against either of respective valve seats within a valve housing. A fixed partition which acts as a piston is located within a cylindrical cavity of the plug. The plug is slidable on a pair of hollow tubes centrally of the housing, the tubes supporting the fixed partition therebetween. The tubes provide respective fluid passages from either end of the housing into the plug cavity on the opposite side of the partition. Upon leakage in the pipe on either side of the valve, the plug will move in response to internal and external fluid pressures from the opposite side, towards the direction of lowered fluid pressure, and will seat against a mating valve seat at that end of the housing, thereby closing the valve.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 1992
    Date of Patent: January 18, 1994
    Inventor: Claude A. Sarro
  • Patent number: 5185497
    Abstract: A single-pole gas-insulated line duct has a enclosing tube and an inner conductor held centered in place in the enclosing tube by support insulators. Electrode bodies embedded in arms of the support insulators engage either in a slot between flanges of sections of the enclosing tube or lie against the inside wall of the sections with a spring-action contact member. Locking members connect the support insulators and sections of the inner conductor. Coupling members can be introduced into abutting sections of the inner conductor and demonstrate mutli-surface sliding contact elements.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 1991
    Date of Patent: February 9, 1993
    Assignee: Siemens Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventor: Rainer Poth
  • Patent number: 5004865
    Abstract: A device for splicing together two lengths of fluid-cooled, electric cable of the type comprising an electrical conductor surrounding by a flexible conduit through which a cooling fluid, e.g., water, can flow for the purpose of conducting thermal energy away from the cable while the cable conducts high current. The splicing device comprises an electrically-conductive tubular member having a pair of spaced holes in the tube wall. The tubular member is adapted to be crimped at both ends upon the respective ends of the conductor portion of two lengths of such cable, and the outside diameter of such member is substantially equal to the inside diameter of the flexible conduit portion of the cable so that the respective ends of the conduit portion of such two lengths of cable can snugly slide over the tubular member from opposite ends. The holes are located in the tubular member to allow fluid to flow substantially uninterrupted from one cable length, through the tubular member, to the other cable length.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 10, 1989
    Date of Patent: April 2, 1991
    Inventor: Theodore A. Krupnicki
  • Patent number: 4985598
    Abstract: An apparatus for supporting a cable splice in a cable splice enclosure includes a rectangular cradle portion of flexible net having first and second parallel, opposite longitudinal sides and first and second parallel, opposite transverse sides; the transversed sides interconnecting the first and second longitudinal sides. The cradle portion has first and second sleeves disposed longitudinally thereon with the first and second sleeves being parallel and spaced apart from each other. A cover portion of flexible net has first and second opposite cover sides, with the first cover side being connected to the cradle portion. A connector is on the second cover side of the cover portion and is releasably connectable with the cradle portion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 30, 1989
    Date of Patent: January 15, 1991
    Inventors: Svetko Bubica, Mervyn J. Leik
  • Patent number: 4943685
    Abstract: A device for insulating and re-insulating cable splices and terminations in which a housing encloses and defines a space around a portion of the cable to be insulated. An insulating gel fills the space. The insulating gel is formed of an imbibitive lightly crosslinked polymer having an insulating fluid such as mineral oil entrapped in the polymer network thereof. The polymer before it combines with the oil is granular, in the form of a multiplicity of imbiber beads. The imbiber beads may be formed of a styrene or alkylstyrene polymer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 17, 1989
    Date of Patent: July 24, 1990
    Assignee: Commu-Tec, Inc.
    Inventor: Edward A. Reynaert
  • Patent number: 4902856
    Abstract: A cable joint cover for protecting a cable joint consisting of a hollow sleeve, and two endcaps which can be permanently sealed to the cables. One endcap is of smaller diameter than the sleeve so that the sleeve can slide over that endcap to expose the joint.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 9, 1987
    Date of Patent: February 20, 1990
    Assignee: British Telecommunications
    Inventor: John M. Miller
  • Patent number: 4833275
    Abstract: A flexible splice for a submarine cable of the type comprising a plurality of conductors (21, 22, 23) insulated by paper impregnated with oil under pressure (24) inside an oil-tight sheath (20) protected by at least one layer of armoring, the splice being characterized in that it comprises a flexible sheath (2) connected on either side of the interconnections (41, 42, 43) between said conductors to two rigid connection sleeves (1, 1') fittable around respective centering rings (7, 7') bonded to the oil-tight sheath (20) of the cable and then bonded to said sleeves, said flexible sheath being divided into two lengths (2, 2') which are interconnected by means of an inner ring (15) which they overlap prior to being bonded together and covered with a tubular shell (4) constituting an oil-tight sheath which is bonded at each end to said connection sleeves (1, 1'), said sleeves including at least one orifice (33) closable by means of a stopper (30) in order to put the splice under oil pressure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 1, 1988
    Date of Patent: May 23, 1989
    Assignee: Les Cables de Lyon
    Inventors: Raymond Fosse, Henri Thevenon
  • Patent number: 4740653
    Abstract: An electrical medium voltage cable connection enclosure for an oil-filled, paper-insulated cable has a spacer body arranged between a core connection area and a shielding enclosure. The spacer body is a prefabricated, resilient, open-pore foam material body which has an air-free filler of electricity insulating, flowable, impregnating compound and is longitudinally split and put under a resilient pressing force by the shielding enclosure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 1986
    Date of Patent: April 26, 1988
    Assignee: Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company
    Inventor: Dieter Hellbusch
  • Patent number: 4736071
    Abstract: The long term water intrusion resistance of cable splice systems that use a gelable encapsulant that is pressurized prior to geletion can be improved by providing pressurization means that maintain the pressure on the cured encapsulant above a given pressure p.sub.2 >p.sub.o, where p.sub.o is the ambient pressure. Absent such pressurization means, the pressure on the encapsulant typically decreases with time due to creep or relaxation of nominally rigid components, e.g., a polymeric closure around the encapsulated splice, or varies due to differential thermal contraction. The pressurization means comprises one or more energy storage elements, e.g., an elastic member such as a spring, or a volume of compressed gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 3, 1987
    Date of Patent: April 5, 1988
    Assignee: American Telephone and Telegraph Company, AT&T Bell Laboratories
    Inventors: James B. Hawkins, Thomas V. Lathrop, William S. Pesto
  • Patent number: 4712285
    Abstract: A plastic sleeve for protecting splices of telephone cables and electric cables against moisture comprises two half-shells (1a, 1b) assembled together. The edge (2a) of one half-shell (1a) comprises a rib (12) engaged in a groove (13) formed in the edge (2b) of the other half-shell (1b). One side of the groove (13) is formed by a flexible wall (14). The rib (12) which is engaged in the groove has an inclined face (12a) which forms an angle (a) of a few degrees with the inclined inner face (14a) of the flexible wall (14). The space formed by this angle is filled with a strip of putty (16) which is deformed and compressed between the inclined faces (12a and 14a).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 1986
    Date of Patent: December 15, 1987
    Assignee: Etablissements Morel - Ateliers Electromecaniques de Favieres
    Inventors: Jacques Morel, Didier Morel
  • Patent number: 4689440
    Abstract: A gas pressurizable coaxial cable and termination fitting assembly in which a shroud means of the fitting is sealed to the jacket and extends beyond the jacket end to surround an end portion of a coaxial conductor assembly. The termination fitting also includes an annular dielectric plug which concentrically surrounds the inner conductor. The plug is resiliently compressible to seal against the inner conductor under a radial pressure exerted upon the plug and to release itself when the pressure is removed. A holding device is detachably mounted to hold the plug in a sealing position and also to form an airtight seal with the shroud means. The holding device engages one axial side of the plug to compress it against an abutment surface and opposing radial surfaces of the plug and device also apply a radial pressure to the plug.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 3, 1986
    Date of Patent: August 25, 1987
    Assignee: Northern Telecom Limited
    Inventor: J. O. R. Morin
  • Patent number: 4647713
    Abstract: This invention relates to a pressurized telecommunication cable joint closure method and apparatus. Provided is a cylinder comprising a pair of semicylindrical shell members connected together along one elongate edge of each member and releasable securing means on the other elongate edge of each member. The securing means comprises a plurality of projections on one member edge and a matching plurality of receiving means on the other member edge whereas the projections extend radially inward and lie within a plane containing the longitudinal axis of one of the shell members. The cylinder further has interleaved rectilinear fingers at the ends that are for sealing to joined cables. A heat shrinkable wraparound member is used to enclose the cylinder and joined cables.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 25, 1984
    Date of Patent: March 3, 1987
    Inventors: Jacob de Nijs, John R. Hawkins, William H. Fuller
  • Patent number: 4504695
    Abstract: A coupling for joining two sections of an electric power cable, each power cable section having an inner conductor, an insulating sheath about the inner conductor, an armored winding layer comprised of a plurality of wrapped armor rods and an insulating layer about the armored winding layer, is provided. The coupling includes an inner conductor splice housing, two armored winding termination housings lockably attached to the ends of the splice housing, means for mechanically anchoring the armor rods from a cable section within an armored winding termination housing, means for electrically connecting the armor rods to the anchoring means so that the armor rods are electrically insulated from the armored winding termination housing as well as the inner conductor, and means for electrically securing the anchoring means in one termination housing to the anchoring means in the other termination housing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 26, 1983
    Date of Patent: March 12, 1985
    Assignee: Simplex Wire & Cable Company
    Inventors: Gregory N. Fontaine, Richard T. Traut
  • Patent number: 4468536
    Abstract: A wrap-around sleeve for enclosing a cable join has opposing edge portions which can be held together to maintain the sleeve in a wrapped configuration. An adhesive coated flap lies under the edge portions to form a seal between them. When the enclosure is to be re-entered, a central part of the sleeve is cut away, and a new sleeve installed to bridge the butts of the old sleeve which are allowed to remain on the cable. In order to avoid leak paths between the edge portions of the remaining butts, adhesive from the flap is allowed to flow between the edge portions on original installation. This is achieved by providing localized separation between the original edge portions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 7, 1983
    Date of Patent: August 28, 1984
    Assignee: N.V. Raychem S.A.
    Inventor: Lodewijk Van Noten
  • Patent number: 4439630
    Abstract: A particular silicone dielectric fluid, having aliphatic hydrocarbon or substituted aliphatic hydrocarbon substituents, with a specific gravity of at least 1.02, is employed to encapsulate and insulate an electrical cable splice. The same particular silicone dielectric fluid, with a specific gravity of at least 1.02 is also used to fill an electrical cable's conductor interstices.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 6, 1981
    Date of Patent: March 27, 1984
    Assignee: Dow Corning Corporation
    Inventor: Eugene D. Groenhof
  • Patent number: 4409426
    Abstract: A heat-recoverable sleeve for enclosing splices or joints in pressurized cables or supply lines is given increased resistance to peeling away from the cable or line by insertion of auxiliary means, preferably a U- or V-shaped flexible strip, which may be heat-recoverable, between the sleeve and the cable or supply line. The ends of the strip are preferably closed and are preferably overlapped and bonded to each other when the strip is placed around the cable or supply line. A release foil may be positioned inside the U- or V-shape of the strip to resist bonding together of the opposed arms thereof, and the foil may carry adhesive to bond it to one of the arms and may protrude beyond the ends of the arms so that the foil adhesive can help to locate the strip on the cable or supply line.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 27, 1982
    Date of Patent: October 11, 1983
    Assignee: N.V. Raychem S.A.
    Inventors: Jean-Marie E. Nolf, Marc Verschelde
  • Patent number: 4407528
    Abstract: An easy to manufacture, strong, high pressure flange-type insulating coupling with wide separation between exposed metal parts is provided. The insulating coupling is made up of two metal half flanges supported on a nonconductive cylindrical nonmetallic member. The space between the two vertical ends of the half flanges is wound in typical fashion with plastic impregnated glass fibers to provide the necessary working strength.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 1981
    Date of Patent: October 4, 1983
    Assignee: Atlantic Richfield Company
    Inventor: Donald R. Anthony
  • Patent number: 4363168
    Abstract: An electrical connector suitable for use in connecting together electrical cables underwater comprises a first portion secured to a first cable and a second portion secured to a second cable. The first and second portions include a first electrical contact and a second electrical contact respectively. The first and second portions engage together so that the first and second contacts are in electrical contact with one another and so that a closed free space is formed between the two portions. A means is provided to enable flushing and drying fluids and electrically insulating fluid to be introduced into the free space. The electrical connector is particularly useful for connecting a down hole electric pump in a subsea oil well to a source of electricity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 9, 1980
    Date of Patent: December 14, 1982
    Assignee: VO Offshore Ltd.
    Inventors: James E. Bryer, Alan P. Mayes, Keith Allen
  • Patent number: 4347402
    Abstract: A casing provides a hermetically sealed enclosure around a joint between two elongate substrates. The casing comprises two generally cylindrical members, each of which comprises a first open end section and second open end section. The first end section includes a heat-shrinkable sealing member which can be shrunk by heat to form a hermetic seal between the first end section and a substrate passing therethrough. The second open end section of each member can be hermetically sealed to the second open end section of the other member. There is a generally cylindrical flexible connecting section between the first and second end sections. This connecting section can be deformed to permit relative axial movement between the first and second open end sections to provide access to the joint.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 21, 1980
    Date of Patent: August 31, 1982
    Inventor: Thierry Reyners
  • Patent number: 4345109
    Abstract: In a pipe type electric cable installation in which portions of the cable cores extend into a joint casing where the conductors of the cores are conductively joined, the portions of the cores within the casing are enclosed by tubes which are longitudinally curved, preferably, S-shaped, to restrict axial movement of the cores with varying load conditions, one end of each tube being anchored, at least with respect to longitudinal movement, to the casing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 3, 1980
    Date of Patent: August 17, 1982
    Assignee: Pirelli Cable Corporation
    Inventors: David A. Silver, Attila F. Dima, George W. Seman
  • Patent number: 4330681
    Abstract: Risk that metal particles carried by flowing oil in an oil-filled cable joint or termination will settle along an oil path between a cable conductor and the space bounded by the joint or termination enclosure is substantially reduced by making at least part, and preferably the whole, of the boundary wall of the path of a fibrous insulating material, e.g., paper, and by providing, at at least one end of the path, for filtering from flowing oil particles of metal and other undesirable materials that may be carried by the oil, filtering means comprising, in combination, electrically insulating filtering material and a fine metallic mesh, serving as an electrical screen. Fibres of the boundary wall so formed protrude into the path and restrict mobility of metal particles carried by the flowing oil; some metal particles will penetrate the fibrous insulating material which will also absorb from the oil some types of dissolved contamination, e.g., moisture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 18, 1980
    Date of Patent: May 18, 1982
    Assignee: BICC Limited
    Inventor: Brian Gregory
  • Patent number: 4320252
    Abstract: A pressurizable closure is disclosed for a telecommunication cable. The closure has a metallic air valve extending through a closure to each end of which electrical couplers are secured for use in grounding the cable sheath.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 5, 1980
    Date of Patent: March 16, 1982
    Assignee: Western Electric Company, Inc.
    Inventors: James R. Holman, Robert N. McIntyre
  • Patent number: 4317953
    Abstract: There is provided an electrical cable splice assembly, including a splice case having two ports for receiving a pair of cable ends. The conductors within the cable are adapted to be spliced together inside the splice closure. A pair of cable clamping devices are each firmly attached to each cable a certain distance removed from the splice closure. A rigid member, having a pair of rigid arms, attaches the cable clamping devices directly to one another so that any strain applied on one cable is transferred to the other and the splices within the splice closure do not feel the effects of the strain. There is further provided a clamping ring attached to the assembly for receiving a rod to be buried in the ground such that the height of the assembly with respect to the ground can be varied during installation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 14, 1980
    Date of Patent: March 2, 1982
    Assignee: Akzona Incorporated
    Inventors: Kenneth W. Brownell, Virgil Bolick, Joseph Carswell, Robert C. Hazenfield
  • Patent number: 4283592
    Abstract: A splice case housing electrical splices between two cables where the splices are immersed in an oil sealant having a specific gravity greater than water. The case includes holes located above the splices for receiving the electrical cables. Since the oil is heavier than water, if water were to enter the splice case, it would be above the oil and splices, thereby causing a hydraulic force on the oil, causing an even more intimate seal of the oil around the splices.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 23, 1979
    Date of Patent: August 11, 1981
    Assignee: Akzona Incorporated
    Inventor: Kenneth W. Brownell, Jr.
  • Patent number: 4237333
    Abstract: A high voltage cable, which is insulated with a solid insulated material, preferably cross-linked polyethylene, is connected to a pressure-gas-insulated conductor by means of a cable termination apparatus comprising a metal enclosure filled with pressure gas. The cable end is provided with a contact socket and secured in the metal enclosure by means of a pull rod fixed to the contact socket and oriented substantially in the axial extension of the cable end. A sealing device encloses a portion of the contact socket and the adjacent portion of the high voltage cable insulation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 28, 1978
    Date of Patent: December 2, 1980
    Assignee: ASEA Aktiebolag
    Inventor: Ake Classon
  • Patent number: 4225746
    Abstract: A stop or through joint for high voltage, oil filled electric cables having a central conductor with an oil duct, insulation around the cable conductor and a sheath around the insulation which is slightly spaced, at least in part, from the insulation. The bared conductor ends are electrically joined and are surrounded by insulation which does not have a deliberately added oil channel for supplying oil to the duct. The joint is surrounded by a conductive casing, and within the casing, the cable insulation and the space between the insulation and the sheath has oil under pressure supplied thereto so that with variations of the operating conditions which cause oil flow in the cables, oil flows through the cable insulation so as to maintain the necessary oil content of the cables. Also, a cable system with a plurality of such joints intermediate the terminal ends of the cable system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 23, 1979
    Date of Patent: September 30, 1980
    Assignee: Pirelli General Cable Works, Limited
    Inventor: Edmund H. Ball
  • Patent number: 4192569
    Abstract: A sealed connector which can be used for making electrical connection underwater. The connector comprises two chambers one behind the other, the inner chamber containing an electrical connection terminal and being closed by a first diaphragm penetrable by a plug contact, the outer chamber being closed by a second diaphragm also penetrable by the plug contact, both chambers being filled with an electrically insulating grease, jelly or similarly viscous liquid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 1978
    Date of Patent: March 11, 1980
    Assignee: International Standard Electric Corporation
    Inventor: Peter E. R. Mucci
  • Patent number: 4179583
    Abstract: An electro-mechanical, low backlash cable connector having a plurality of ring washers disposed within a connector housing. A plurality of spacer washers disposed between each pair of spring washers imparts independent operation to each spring washer and translates shear forces from the entering cable to the connector housing. Both the spring washers and the spacer washers are disposed at an inward angle from the connector housing opening. Such angular disposition allows a cable to freely enter the connector housing. However, upon attempting to withdraw the cable, the spring washers bite into the cable thereby preventing its egress.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 6, 1978
    Date of Patent: December 18, 1979
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Navy
    Inventor: Sergius S. Sergev
  • Patent number: 4166920
    Abstract: A cable includes a plurality of elongated sections each composed of a tubular electric conductor, electric insulation surrounding the electric conductor, and an outer cable jacket surrounding the electric insulation. An inner tubular member of titanium or alloyed stainless steel is accommodated in the electric conductor and defines a channel for a cooling medium such as water. The inner tubular members of each two consecutive cable sections have flanges that are welded or soldered to one another, and a bridging element is interposed between the electric conductors of the two consecutive electric conductors and welded or soldered thereto. The electric conductor preferably is a circumferentially complete one-piece tubular element extruded onto the inner tubular member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 19, 1977
    Date of Patent: September 4, 1979
    Assignee: Felten & Guilleaume Carlswerk Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Jurgen Friedrich, Heinrich Brakelmann, Werner Rasquin
  • Patent number: 4103911
    Abstract: A sealing member for effecting a gas-tight closure about a cable at an inlet to a hollow cable sleeve fitting. The member is annular in form and is divided on a plane parallel to the cable axis for assembly about the cable after boring a selected passage for the cable through the member. The sealing member has a plurality of radially- and circumferentially-continuous, radially outwardly-extending, longitudinally-spaced ribs engageable via a coating of plastic potting compound with an inner surface of the inlet fitting. The ribs are held in spaced relation by an integral reinforcement member which is spaced radially inwardly of the outer circumference of the ribs. A center portion of the reinforcement member is apertured so that selective boring through of the member to form a cable passage will leave internal radial ribs for bearing against the cable via a second plastic potting compound. Any number and size of cable passages may be provided for.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 1, 1977
    Date of Patent: August 1, 1978
    Assignee: Siemens Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Wolfgang Giebel, Herbert Krause
  • Patent number: 4059723
    Abstract: A direction-changing arrangement for a three-phase pipe-type gas-pressurized electrical cable constituted principally by rigid straight pipe lengths connected in series and wherein the axes of the three phase conductors supported within the pipe when viewed in cross-section form a triangle. The desired change in direction is accomplished by interposing a spherical elbow pipe between two straight pipe lengths which includes a pair of branch pipe stubs connected to the ends of the adjoining straight pipe lengths, and three curved conductor members supported within the elbow and arranged symmetrically to the plane formed by the respective axes of the two branch pipe stubs which intersect at the center of the elbow. Three intermediate conductor sections are provided and these serve to interconnect the ends of the three inner conductors within the adjoining straight pipe lengths with the ends of the three curved conductor members within the elbow.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 1975
    Date of Patent: November 22, 1977
    Assignee: BBC Brown Boveri & Company Limited
    Inventor: Carl Dieter Floessel
  • Patent number: 4056680
    Abstract: A d.c. high tension cable termination or joint and method of manufacturing same is described. The cable comprises an electric conductor, an electrically insulating layer which is concentrically applied over the conductor, and a semi-conductive layer which is concentrically applied over the insulating layer in close contact therewith. The cable termination or joint comprises an electrically insulating liquid impregnated into a portion of the semi-conductive layer which is located adjacent to an end of the insulating layer so as to present an electrical resistance which is higher than that of the non-impregnated portion of the semi-conductive layer but is lower than that of the insulating layer. The electric conductor is electrically connected with the end of that portion of the semi-conductive layer impregnated with the insulating liquid which is located nearer the conductor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 6, 1976
    Date of Patent: November 1, 1977
    Assignee: Showa Electric Wire & Cable Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Mitsugu Aihara, Yutaka Kogane, Yasumitsu Ebinuma, Masaki Minami
  • Patent number: 4039745
    Abstract: An improved sleeve arrangement is herein provided for protecting splices in pipe-type cables. The sleeve is formed with a diameter which is slightly larger than the overall diameter of the spliced cables and is tapered at the ends to correspond to the tapering of the spliced cables.The sleeve may be made in two halves and the end flanges thereof bolted and gasketed. Alternatively, the sleeve may be welded. In one form of the invention, a cage like support is provided within a main casing having a diameter somewhat larger than the diameter of the spliced cables and tapering at the ends thereof to properly support a splice and at the same time to permit free longitudinal movement. The cage may comprise a series of metal strips welded at each end to a flange which may be bolted to the end flange to which the outer casing is welded.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 16, 1976
    Date of Patent: August 2, 1977
    Assignee: The Okonite Company
    Inventor: Richard C. Waldron
  • Patent number: 4002818
    Abstract: A protective sleeve for a cable which is to be pressurized internally for leak-detection and cable preservation has a seal near an end thereof through which one or more cables pass into the interior of the sleeve. The seal has a lip formed about the periphery of its inner face, subject to pressure within the sleeve and extending radially and longitudinally from the face to engage the interior surface of the sleeve or sealing compound placed thereon. Pressure within the sleeve forces the lip against the interior surface of the sleeve to form a gas-tight seal regardless of reasonable variations in the internal diameter of the sleeve. One or more lamellations back up the inner, sealing face of the seal and engage each cable passing through the seal. The seal is conveniently made in two pieces for fitting about a continuous cable, and the sections of the seal are joined by tongue and groove arrangements or enlarged sealing surfaces at the joints.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 25, 1975
    Date of Patent: January 11, 1977
    Assignee: Siemens Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventor: Dieter Kunze
  • Patent number: 3992569
    Abstract: A versatile protective closure for a cable splice comprising complementary mating body portions having a generally cylindrical shape terminating in serrated tapered ends, each portion including a pair of longitudinally extending flange portions each having an inner and an outer raised rim portion. The rim portions have alternate tongues and grooves arranged to define separate central and outer enclosed chambers when the two body portions are mated to form a casing about a cable. The top body portion has inner and outer filling apertures at each end in communication with the central and outer enclosed chambers, and a pair of optional annular partitioning members can be received internally in a region between adjacent inner and outer filling apertures to provide fluid isolation between the central and outer chambers. A plurality of axially spaced, circumferentially extending stiffener ribs are grooved to receive optional closure bands.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 11, 1975
    Date of Patent: November 16, 1976
    Assignee: Hexcel Corporation
    Inventors: Norman K. Hankins, Richard L. DeMonsy
  • Patent number: 3955043
    Abstract: A cable splice for joining together two or more sections of high voltage cable employs for its primary insulation a rigid, closed-cell foam having a thick integral skin bordering all the external surfaces of the foam and located in regions of the splice where electrical stresses are the highest. The skin has an average density greater than 40 pounds per cubic foot in its outer one-sixteenth inch.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 11, 1974
    Date of Patent: May 4, 1976
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Philip J. Palmer, J. Kenneth Wittle
  • Patent number: 3946144
    Abstract: A cable junction has a longitudinally subdivided housing having two connected shell sections which together surround an interior splicing chamber. A pair of shell inserts of fluid-impermeable material is accommodated in the housing about the splicing chamber and they have respective outwardly projecting juxtaposed marginal flanges which are jointly formed with a longitudinal channel bounded at its opposite lateral sides by respective juxtaposed surface portions of the flanges. A strand of sealing material is accommodated in compressed state in this channel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 1974
    Date of Patent: March 23, 1976
    Assignee: Wilhelm Quante Spezialmaschinenfabrik fur Apparate der Fernmeldetechnik
    Inventor: Hermann Quante
  • Patent number: 3944716
    Abstract: A radial elastomeric seal is disposed between concentric cylindrical members to form a barrier between the interior of the concentric members and the exterior thereof to prevent contamination products from entering the interior of the members during welding of one end of one member to the outer surface of the other.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 1, 1974
    Date of Patent: March 16, 1976
    Assignee: I-T-E Imperial Corporation
    Inventors: John W. Katzbeck, James C. Cron
  • Patent number: 3939298
    Abstract: The thermal resistance of a joint for fluid filled electric power cables is reduced by transversely dividing the fluid-tight enclosure of the joint into three parts, electrically insulated from each other, namely two end parts each sealed to one of the cable sheaths and to a central part of low thermal resistance. The central part preferably has a cooling jacket. If an outer enclosure for the joint is provided its central part is made of low thermal resistance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 12, 1968
    Date of Patent: February 17, 1976
    Assignee: British Insulated Callender's Cables Limited
    Inventors: Cyril Henry Gosling, David Glick, Alan Leslie Powell, William Young Murray