Fluid Passage To Exterior Of Drive Point Patents (Class 175/21)
  • Patent number: 9651536
    Abstract: A method and system for measuring multiple soil properties on-the-go is provided on an implement for traversing a field. An optical module is carried by the implement for collecting soil reflectance data. A pair of soil contact blades protrude from or are embedded in the optical module for collecting soil EC data and soil moisture data. A switching circuit or phase lock loop allows the same soil contact blades to feed signals to both a soil EC signal conditioning circuit and a soil moisture signal conditioning circuit. The soil moisture data can be used to calibrate the soil EC data and the soil reflectance data to compensate for effects of changing soil moisture conditions across a field. The system can also be used on a planter to control planting depth and/or seeding rate in real time based on multiple soil properties collected during planting.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 15, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2017
    Assignee: Veris Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Eric Lund, Chase Maxton, Kyle Jensen
  • Patent number: 9115542
    Abstract: An automated device digs a payload into a geologic formation while filling a hole behind it. The device is made of components including a computer controller; a battery; a motor; a payload body; a drill head having a spiral blade; a cylindrical shell attached to the payload body to form an annulus between an inner wall of the cylindrical shell and the outer wall of the payload body; and a plurality of rotating track treads controlled by the computer controller. The device optionally includes: a hydraulic ram adapted to compress debris; a coil of wire adapted to unwind from the top end of the payload body; a hammer blade; ground penetrating radar; a gimbal mechanism; an engine-generator unit; and a cave traverse system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 14, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 25, 2015
    Assignee: GDD Associates, Trustee for Geo-diving device CRT Trust
    Inventor: S. Mill Calvert
  • Patent number: 8904703
    Abstract: Apparatus and method for boring into the earth near a Kudzu vine root system to apply herbicidal helium gas to the roots and eradicate the Kudzu vine. The technique uses a perforated tube with a drill bit that protrudes from one end of the tube to bore into the earth near the vine roots. Boring is stopped when all of the tube perforations are below the earth's surface. About 0.5 cubic meters of helium gas are applied to flow through the tube enabling the helium gas to flow out through the tube perforations and attack the Kudzu vine through the vine's root system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 9, 2014
    Inventor: Jacob Harrison Schindler
  • Patent number: 8672058
    Abstract: The invention provides a system for adapting an HVAC system in an existing building for utilizing geothermal energy, the system comprising an incoming flux of geothermal energy; a plurality of heat exchange surfaces adapted to receive the incoming flux of geothermal energy; and an interface between the HVAC system and the heat exchange surfaces, said interface adapted to transfer the geothermal energy to the system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 18, 2014
    Assignee: GeoThermal Technologies, Inc.
    Inventor: Shelton E. Tommie, Jr.
  • Patent number: 8640781
    Abstract: A method and device for deploying a cable and an apparatus in a ground formation having a motherbore, wherein the method comprises positioning a non-rotating drill pipe, a cable and an apparatus in a motherbore tubular; and drilling a lateral opening relatively the motherbore by displacing the drill pipe into the formation with the cable and apparatus attached.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 3, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 4, 2014
    Assignee: Fishbones AS
    Inventor: Rune Freyer
  • Patent number: 8191650
    Abstract: A drive shoe assembly used in helping penetrate earthen formations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 29, 2009
    Date of Patent: June 5, 2012
    Inventor: Clayton J. Domingue
  • Patent number: 8061441
    Abstract: Disclosed is a novel autonomous excavating apparatus capable of solving conventional problems. The autonomous excavating apparatus comprises an apparatus body including a lower body 101 formed in a cylindrical shape and combined with a conical-shaped lower end, and a spiral blade 102 provided on an outer peripheral surface of the lower body 101 in the form of a right-handed screw. The lower body 101 has an internal space provided with a wheel 103 which has a rotary shaft 104 rotatably supported relative to the lower body 101 through bearings 105, 106. A motor 108 is fixed to the lower body 101 at a position above the wheel 103, and an output shaft of the motor is coaxially connected to the rotary shaft 104. Thus, the motor 108 can drivingly rotate the wheel 103 relative to the lower body 101.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 31, 2008
    Date of Patent: November 22, 2011
    Assignee: Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency
    Inventor: Susumu Yasuda
  • Patent number: 7874766
    Abstract: The invention provides a jet-mixing method for casting a pile of predetermined diameter by thrusting or feeding into the ground a rod provided at its lower end with a first jet nozzle section for jetting ground improvement medium and a second jet nozzle section for jetting reactant in substantially the same direction as the jet direction of the first jet nozzle section, and provided above the first and second jet nozzle sections with a third jet nozzle section for mixing and jetting compressed air and water in a direction opposite the jet direction of the first and second jet nozzle sections, jetting compressed air and water within a predetermined range while simultaneously rotating and upwardly extracting the rod from the ground, thereby jet-cutting a ground improvement region into a cylindrical shape, discharging mud generated by the cutting operation to the ground surface through a bored hole, and jetting the reactant from the second jet nozzle section and jetting the ground improvement medium from the fir
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 10, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 25, 2011
    Assignees: Daiei Sangyo Co., Ltd., Fujijyuki Koji Co. Ltd.
    Inventor: Hideo Yano
  • Publication number: 20100059277
    Abstract: A superior ram-boring machine “mole”, employing compressed air to drive a reciprocating piston onto either forward or rearward anvils thereby imparting momentum. Wherein a control valve received into the rear of the piston interacts with ports therein determining its stroke characteristics. The end receiving impacts, and hence the direction of action are determined by accurately positioning the control valve forwardly or rearwards. Incorporating a robust, air-on, fail-safe “Rapid Reverse” mechanism, actuated by a small rotation of the air hose. Whereby guide means and an indexing collar incorporating or comprising encompassing spring or elastic means having inter-engaging features deforms by flexing and or compression to disengage and is biased to re-engage with corresponding features to position and lock the control valve into forward and reverse settings; thereby assisting easy switching, location and retention of operating positions.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 14, 2007
    Publication date: March 11, 2010
    Applicant: R D SANKEY ENGINEERING LIMITED
    Inventors: Ian Burke, Lindsay Schultz, Mark Taylor, Neil Lievesley
  • Publication number: 20090211812
    Abstract: The invention relates to a boring head for a ground-boring device displacing earth with a percussive action, comprising at least three boring head sections, of which the first section has a form optimized for the loosening and for guiding the device, the second section is optimized with regard to the radial displacement of the earth with low resistance to motion, and the third section has a fixed connection to the housing of the ground-boring device. Improved transmission of the advancing forces to the earth and consequently an improved advance of the ground-boring device can be achieved by at least two of the boring head sections being designed so as to be axially movable relative to one another in the longitudinal direction.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 6, 2005
    Publication date: August 27, 2009
    Applicant: Tracto-Technik GmbH
    Inventor: Franz-Josef Püttmann
  • Patent number: 7527109
    Abstract: Apparatus and methods for locating underground obstructions are disclosed. One embodiment of the present invention comprises an elongate probe with a first and second end and a first internal fluid passageway, a handle disposed on the elongate member, and a tip disposed on an end of the elongate member, wherein the tip comprises a second internal fluid passageway in fluid communication with the first internal passageway, and a flexible hose connection disposed on the elongate member, wherein the connection is disposed between the first end and the second end and the connection is in fluid communication with the first internal passageway.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 2005
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2009
    Assignee: Doyle & Wachstetter, Inc.
    Inventors: Steven H. Barker, William Patrick Doyle, Charles D. Wachtstetter
  • Publication number: 20090044975
    Abstract: A material dispensing device delivers material directly into the ground. According to one embodiment of the material dispensing device, the device comprises an elongated hollow shaft, a receptacle, a helical flange and on or more openings formed in the shaft or helical flanges. The receptacle is disposed adjacent one end of the shaft for holding material. The receptacle is communicatively open to the shaft such that the material or a liquid-material mixture dissolved from at least a portion of the material can flow from the receptacle into the shaft. The helical flange is secured to the shaft. The shaft and helical flange are configured such that rotation of the shaft and flange causes the material dispensing device to be driven into the ground. The one or more openings formed in the shaft or helical flange disperse the material or the liquid-material mixture into the ground.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 14, 2007
    Publication date: February 19, 2009
    Inventors: Ronald E. Bilak, Mark R. Bilak
  • Patent number: 7343985
    Abstract: A solid body contains a surfactant and crushed walnut hulls. The solid body is shaped to predetermined dimensions that permit passage through the central interior opening of drill pipe. The solid body dissolves in drilling mud for delivery of a pill to the annulus through the drill bit nozzles. The pill is an effective treatment against bit balling.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 26, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 18, 2008
    Inventor: Harold Gregg
  • Patent number: 7234538
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for sinking a borehole in the ground, in which a wet boring tool with a removal area for producing or advancing a borehole is used, the borehole is at least partly filled with a fluid and in the borehole is formed a filling area and the removal area is at least partly washed round by a fluid flow, which conveys the bore smalls produced at the removal area to a collecting container located in the borehole. The method according to the invention is characterized in that the wet boring tool has a pumping mechanism through which fluid from the filling area is made to flow and conveys bore smalls produced into the collecting container. The invention also relates to a wet boring tool and to a boring plant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 2004
    Date of Patent: June 26, 2007
    Assignee: Bauer Maschinen GmbH
    Inventor: Erwin Emil Stoetzer
  • Patent number: 7108080
    Abstract: A method for drilling a borehole includes; providing a drill string of drill pipe including a center bore, a distal end, a bit assembly at the distal end; hanging a liner from the drill string, thereby forming an annular space between the drill string and the liner and with the bit assembly extending from a lower end of the liner; positioning the drill string with the liner attached thereto in a borehole such that a second annular space is formed between the liner and the borehole wall; operating the bit assembly to proceed with drilling the borehole; and circulating drilling fluid down through the center bore of the drill string out through the bit assembly and down through the second annular space between the liner and the borehole wall, the drilling fluid returning up through the annular space between the drill string and the liner.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 12, 2004
    Date of Patent: September 19, 2006
    Assignee: Tesco Corporation
    Inventors: Robert M. Tessari, Bruce D. Houtchens
  • Patent number: 6918452
    Abstract: A valve assembly connects into a drill string for opening and closing the inner passage within the drill string. The valve member moves between the open and closed positions in response to axial movement of the drill string. The valve member has an upper portion and a lower portion. A valve member and valve sleeve are located within an inner passage. Lifting the drill string causes the upper portion to move upward relative to the lower portion, bringing along with it the valve member, while the valve sleeve remains stationary with the lower portion, opening the valve.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 2002
    Date of Patent: July 19, 2005
    Assignee: Vetco Gray Inc.
    Inventors: Kwong-Onn C. Chan, Behrooz Movaffagh, Loren Boisvert
  • Publication number: 20030201125
    Abstract: The present invention relates to providing a drill bit stabilizing system and methods which overcome the above noted problems. The at least one stabilizing member is biased to a second extended operating position. The body member further comprises at least one fixed stabilizing surface positioned in axially spaced relationship to the at least one movable stabilizing member. In another aspect, the invention is directed to a drill bit stabilizing system comprising a body member and at least one stabilizing member, being moveable from an extended operating position to a retracted position within the body member. The at least one stabilizing member comprises outer contact faces adapted to engage the walls of a bore hole when in an operating position, and an inner slide surface adapted to slidingly engage a corresponding slide surface formed in the body member. There is also provided a method of drilling a bore hole using a drill bit rotated in conjunction with a drill string.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 30, 2002
    Publication date: October 30, 2003
    Inventor: Richard C. Raney
  • Patent number: 6604579
    Abstract: An injection probe assembly is disclosed for injecting material into subsurface formations for making geotechnical improvements. The probe assembly includes a sheath having an upper end for attaching to a mating tool string and a lower end for receiving a solid drive point. The sheath has a reduced diameter injection area which includes an interior space enclosed by a tubular sidewall, a valve seat, and a plurality of injection ports extending through the sidewall through which materials can be injected laterally. A check valve spool is arranged for sliding movement within the interior space for preventing back-flow of material into the interior space. The spool is seated on the valve seat and covers the injection ports in a first position, and is unseated from the valve seat with the injection ports uncovered in a second position. The spool is responsive to pressure changes of the injected materials.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 3, 2002
    Date of Patent: August 12, 2003
    Assignee: Kejr, Inc.
    Inventor: Mike B. Carlin
  • Patent number: 6568881
    Abstract: A jetting device for installing a piling or post includes: (a) a cap including a generally conical or pyramidal shaped, perforated, hollow main body portion, and an upper flange portion for closely fitting over a base of the piling or post, the flange portion extending upward in a generally vertical direction from the main body portion; (b) attachment mechanism for attaching the flange portion of the cap to the base of the piling or post; and (c) a threaded fitting for receiving a detachable, generally vertical line for conducting a liquid or air into the cap, the fitting being in an upper section of the main body portion below the flange portion. Also included is a rectangular-shaped cap for a bulkhead section, and a method for installing a piling, post, or bulkhead.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 15, 2001
    Date of Patent: May 27, 2003
    Inventor: Walter Daniel Long
  • Patent number: 6520271
    Abstract: A drilling fluid powered rotary drilling motor is mounted on the downhole end of a non-rotating fluid conducting drill string has a drill bit on its distal end and a plurality of fluid engaging, rotating elements coupled to at least one speed reducing planetary gear stage that converts the kinetic and pressure energies of the drilling fluid to mechanical power for rotating the drill bit. The drilling motor includes a lubricator, a drilling fluid filter, a pressure relief valve, a bypass valve and a check valve and is mounted with an output isolation coupling and a bearing package sized to withstand drilling load conditions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 24, 2000
    Date of Patent: February 18, 2003
    Inventor: Leo A. Martini
  • Publication number: 20020189863
    Abstract: A drill bit for drilling casing in a well bore. The drill bit is constructed from a combination of relatively soft and relatively hard materials. The proportions of the materials are selected such that the drill bit provides suitable cutting and boring of the well bore while being able to be drilled through by a subsequent drill bit. Methods of applying hard materials to a soft material body are provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 21, 2002
    Publication date: December 19, 2002
    Inventor: Mike Wardley
  • Patent number: 6485234
    Abstract: A tool for use with a rotatable drill shaft and a source of pressurized fluidized solidifying agent. The tool member has upper and lower extremities. A coupler is coupled to the upper extremity of the tool member and is adapted to be secured to the drill shaft. A plurality of radially extending arms are secured to the tool member intermediate the upper and lower extremities of the tool member. A plurality of forwardly and downwardly extending teeth are secured to each of the radially extending arms and are spaced apart longitudinally of the arms. A plurality of nozzles are carried by the tool member and are spaced circumferentially of the tool member and are coupled to the source of pressurized fluidized solidifying agent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 12, 2000
    Date of Patent: November 26, 2002
    Assignee: Condon-Johnson & Associates, Inc.
    Inventor: James O. Johnson
  • Patent number: 6209660
    Abstract: A drill bit for directional boring of all earth formations such as dirt, sand, rock and/or any type combination of formations, utilizing a bit body containing fixed and semi-floating cutting points and one or more fluid channels for the purpose of lubricating and dispersing cut and/or fractured formations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 12, 1997
    Date of Patent: April 3, 2001
    Assignee: New Railhead Manufacturing, L.L.C.
    Inventor: David M. Cox
  • Patent number: 6161636
    Abstract: A protective collar for a boring bit which interfaces with a boring head whereby shear forces developed during a boring operation are transmitted through the collar to the boring head, with minimal shear force being carried by mounting bolts. A collar is connected to a boring bit, wherein a head receptacle formed by the collar seatably receives a boring head with substantially close clearance so that shear forces during boring operations are transmitted from, the boring bit to the boring head through the collar. The preferred collar is fabricated from a pipe section, such as for example steel seamless pipe. In one embodiment, a bit recess is cut for interfacing with a boring bit at the head face connection thereof. A head recess is cut opposite the bit recess for providing an exit for the water spray from the nozzle thereof. In another embodiment, the collar has an inclined face with bores alignable with the bores in the boring head when the head is mounted within a receptacle in the collar.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 23, 1999
    Date of Patent: December 19, 2000
    Inventor: Joseph D. Osborne
  • Patent number: 6098448
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for discrete soil gas and saturated liquid permeability measurements with direct push emplacement systems (such as a cone penetrometer rod). A modified direct push emplacement system having at least one injection port and at least two measurement ports is first engaged to penetrate the soil to a predetermined depth. Gas or liquid is then injected into the soil at a predetermined location on the penetrometer rod. Next, a pressure response is recorded from each measurement port, which is at a known distance from the injection port (on the same penetrometer rod). This differential pressure response data allows calculation of the soil permeability directly by using a one-dimensional, spherical, steady state, porous flow model to measure the effective permeability of the soil, without substantial disturbance of the surrounding soil. The present invention minimizes false indications of reduced permeability as a result of soil compaction during the penetrometer emplacement.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 15, 1998
    Date of Patent: August 8, 2000
    Inventors: William E. Lowry, Neva Gray Mason, Daniel Merewether
  • Patent number: 6079906
    Abstract: A method for making foundation piles in soil with a drilling device having an auger, the auger including two concentric tubes, an outer tube occupying an upper part of the auger and an inner tuber projecting partially as a prolongation of the upper part and occupying a lower part of the auger, the inner tuber having a first screw and the outer having one of a second screw and a plurality of blades, both of said tubes being displaceable with respect to each other, the method including the steps rotating the inner tube in a first direction, simultaneously rotating the outer tube in an opposite direction of the first tube and advancing the auger through said soil whereby the soil is compacted against a wall of a formed hole by the combined action of the first screw and the one of the second screw and plurality of blades of the inner and outer tubes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 1998
    Date of Patent: June 27, 2000
    Inventor: Juan Vicente Herrero Codina
  • Patent number: 6012536
    Abstract: The invention pertains to a method for steering a ground drilling machine, in particular, a pipe string assembly with a drilling head which is driven in the ground in rotative, propulsive and, if so desired, percussive fashion, in which at least one deflection pulse is exerted upon the rotating drilling head or the pulses acting upon the drilling head are interrupted when the angular position of the drilling head relative its axis corresponds to the position in which the deflection should take place.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 12, 1997
    Date of Patent: January 11, 2000
    Assignee: Tracto-Technik Schmidt Spezialmaschinen
    Inventors: Franz-Josef Puttmann, Alfons Hesse
  • Patent number: 6009958
    Abstract: A soil sampling apparatus includes a sampling box for penetrating the ground first, and a shutter plate for subsequently penetrating the ground while engaging with the sampling box, thereby sampling soil layers located in a space surrounded by the sampling box and the shutter plate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 29, 1997
    Date of Patent: January 4, 2000
    Assignee: President of Hiroshima University
    Inventors: Takashi Nakata, Kunihiko Shimazaki
  • Patent number: 5819850
    Abstract: The invention relates to a grout injection device and method for depositing a liquid grouting material in a hole formed by a cone penetrometer. The device is a modular design with a sliding sleeve member that replaces older grouting injection devices with exit port opening actuated by fluidic pressures with an improved more reliable mechanical design that is actuated by withdrawal of the cone penetrometer pipe string by friction between the sliding sleeve and the soil wall formed by the cone penetrometer. The invention solves the problem of pressure losses that can occur with prior art devices resulting in partially opened grout exit ports. The instant invention's design also achieves proper channeling of the grout flowing out of the device's grout exit ports for even distribution of grout filling the hole. This is achieved by the invention's boss structures mounted on an adapter unit of the device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 4, 1996
    Date of Patent: October 13, 1998
    Inventors: Landris T. Lee, Jr., Daniel A. Leavell, Philip G. Malone
  • Patent number: 5811741
    Abstract: An apparatus for placing geophones beneath the surface of the earth includes a machine frame that supports an elongated probe rod. The probe rod is dimensioned to reach a selected subterranean earth layer. The rod has upper and lower end portions. A geophone holder is positioned at the lower end of the rod for holding a geophone and its cable. A plurality of drive wheels carried by the frame transport the rod between the upper and lower positions. The drive rollers include at least an opposed pair of upper wheels and an opposed pair of lower wheels. The wheels are loaded with an adjustable spring pusher so that extensive pressure can be applied from the drive wheels to the pipe for gripping and driving the pipe even when muddy. A gear train interconnects all of the driving wheels so that all of the wheels rotate at the same rotational speed. A gear train preferably includes six gears including a pair of upper gears, a pair of lower gears, and a pair of intermediate drive gears.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 19, 1997
    Date of Patent: September 22, 1998
    Assignee: Coast Machinery, Inc.
    Inventors: John B. Coast, Waino J. Kangas, Jr.
  • Patent number: 5803184
    Abstract: Method and device for introducing a pipe into the ground. In order to restrict the drive power necessary to the greatest possible extent and to optimize the diameter of the pipe, it is proposed that the soil surrounding the pipe is displaced in the radial direction. To this end the pipe is provided with one or more displacement elements.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 1996
    Date of Patent: September 8, 1998
    Assignee: Fundamentum B.V.
    Inventor: Adriaan Van der Wouden
  • Patent number: 5794719
    Abstract: A housing for electrical/electronic apparatus associated with the boring apparatus has a coolant flowpath for directing coolant fluid to cool the electrical/electronic apparatus and/or the housing. A relief coolant outlet port is closed by closure comprising fusible material which fuses at a predetermined temperature thereby to open the relief outlet port. The temperature at which the material of the closure fuses is lower than the temperature at which substantial thermal damage would occur to the electrical/electronic apparatus within the housing (typically at a temperature substantially at or below 200.degree. C).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 15, 1997
    Date of Patent: August 18, 1998
    Assignee: The Charles Machine Works, Inc.
    Inventor: David Edward Holloway
  • Patent number: 5735356
    Abstract: Apparatus is disclosed for removing soil from a well, which is particularly adapted for use both in cleaning out sandy deposits in pre-existing wells and in boring new well shafts through sandy ground, or through alternating hard and soft soil layers. The apparatus comprises a substantially cylindrical, hollow reservoir body tapered at the bottom end to form a drainage spout and open at the upper end. The reservoir body is lowered into the well liner toward the bottom of the well. A jet of water is introduced through a passageway in the reservoir to create a slurry wave which causes previously loosened soil inside the well liner to rise and overflow into the reservoir body, whereby the soil may then be removed from the well.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 6, 1996
    Date of Patent: April 7, 1998
    Inventor: Victor Boulard
  • Patent number: 5697733
    Abstract: An apparatus for use in compacting or densifying soils includes a tubular casing having a vertical longitudinal axis and an inside surface; a hollow tubular drive shaft aligned with the vertical longitudinal axis of the tubular casing and mounted for rotation therein; a drive motor for rotating the drive shaft; a carrier attached to the drive shaft for rotation therewith; and a cylindrical roller weight in rolling contact with the inside surface of the tubular casing. The carrier engages the roller weight for rotation about the vertical longitudinal axis of the tubular casing. The centrifugal force resulting from rotation of the roller weight is resisted by the tubular casing thereby causing vibration thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 11, 1996
    Date of Patent: December 16, 1997
    Inventor: Richard O. Marsh, Jr.
  • Patent number: 5698799
    Abstract: A zone isolator module for use on a penetrometer comprises a tubular body having an annular recess in an exterior wall thereof, an elastomer membrane fixed in the annular recess and adapted to lie against an inner surface of the recess, a sleeve slidably disposed on the tubular body and slidably movable between a first position in which the sleeve completely covers the recess, and a second position in which the sleeve is substantially removed from the recess, and the body having an opening extending outwardly from an axial central bore therethrough to the inner surface of the recess, whereby fluid flowed through the bore and the opening operates to expand the elastomer membrane against the sleeve when the sleeve covers the recess and to expand the elastomer membrane beyond the exterior wall of the body when the sleeve is substantially removed from the recess.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 7, 1996
    Date of Patent: December 16, 1997
    Inventors: Landris T. Lee, Jr., Daniel A. Leavell, Philip G. Malone
  • Patent number: 5695014
    Abstract: A ram boring apparatus has a generally cylindrical body with an attached head, the apparatus being connected to a drive rod which pushes the apparatus forwardly through the earth. The drive rod can also rotate the body and the attached head about the longitudinal axis of the apparatus, and operation of the apparatus can also be supported by the ejection of pressure fluid from one or more jets arranged on the head and by a hammering mechanism carried by a portion of the body. The hammering mechanism is activatable by pressure fluid from the same source as the pressure fluid supplied to the one or more jets. The pressure fluid is delivered through the hollow drive rod and a control valve in a fluid supply line in the body, in dependence on the pressure of the pressure fluid supplied to the apparatus, selectively directs the pressure fluid to the one or more jets in the head or simultaneously to both the one or more jets and to the hammering mechanism.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 12, 1995
    Date of Patent: December 9, 1997
    Assignee: Terra AG fuer Tiefbautechnick
    Inventor: Dietmar Jenne
  • Patent number: 5570748
    Abstract: A drill bit (10) for drilling geophysical exploratory holes using a non-rotating drill approach is disclosed. The bit (10) includes a tubular body (12) threaded at one end for engagement with a pipe stem. The elements (16a -b) of a divided conical tip (14) are hinged to a second end (20) of the bit body (12). The wall thickness of the bit body (12) gradually increases from the first end (18) to the second end (20) to create, when the divided elements (16a-b) of the tip are closed, a generally diamond-shaped cross section facilitating burrowing when forced into the soil. An O-ring (36) installed in a groove (34) about the outer circumference of the tip (14) biases divided elements (16a-b) closed until a selected tool is loaded through the interior of the bit body (12), whereupon the divided elements (16a-b) are forced to rotate radially outward. The bit (10) can then be raised and removed from the borehole as desired.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 12, 1995
    Date of Patent: November 5, 1996
    Inventor: Billy J. Serrette
  • Patent number: 5548991
    Abstract: Relative permeability of subsurface earthen materials is measured by advancing a probe into the earthen material at a constant rate while simultaneously injecting a fluid sealant/lubricant, or vapor, or liquid, from the probe to the earthen material. The relative permeability of the earthen material is determined by measuring either changes in flow rate or pressure of the injected vapors or fluids. The prescribed method of operation of the probe seals the probe hole allowing collection of discrete vapor samples and also greatly facilitates advancement of the probe.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 1995
    Date of Patent: August 27, 1996
    Inventor: Marc J. Ritson
  • Patent number: 5503031
    Abstract: A ground water sampling device has an elongated cylindrical hollow housing positioned at a desired depth below the ground surface. The housing has an opening formed at its lower end and an inner surface with an annular groove disposed adjacent the opening. The device has an elongated screen capable of being telescopically received in the housing and capable of being deployed through the opening of the housing. The screen has an annular slot formed on its outer surface adjacent its upper end. A resilient locking collar is compressed inwardly and received in the slot of the screen when the screen is received in the housing prior to its deployment. The collar expands outwardly into the groove of the housing when the slot of screen is longitudinally aligned with the groove during deployment of the screen. The collar in its expanded position is disposed in both the slot and the groove so that the screen is locked in its deployed position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 28, 1995
    Date of Patent: April 2, 1996
    Assignee: Kejr Engineering, Inc.
    Inventors: Gregory H. Scott, Thomas M. Christy, Melvin P. Kejr
  • Patent number: 5488999
    Abstract: A drill bit (10) for drilling geophysical exploratory holes using a non-rotating dill approach is disclosed. The bit (10) comprises a tubular body (12) threaded at one end for engagement with a pipe stem. The elements (16a-b) of a divided conical tip (14) are hinged to a second end (20) of the bit body (12). The wall thickness of the bit body (12) gradually increases from the first end (18) to the second end (20) to create, when the divided elements (16a-b) of the tip are closed, a generally diamond-shaped cross section facilitating burrowing when forced in to the soil. An O-ring (36) installed in a groove (34) about the outer circumference of the tip (14) biases divided elements (16a-b) closed until a selected tool is loaded through the interior of the bit body (12), whereupon the divided elements (16a-b) are forced to rotate radially outward. The bit (10) can then be raised and removed from the borehole as desired.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 1995
    Date of Patent: February 6, 1996
    Inventor: Billy J. Serrette
  • Patent number: 5435176
    Abstract: A mobile hazardous waste characterization system having a top driven rotary kelly bar and drill bit in conjunction with a non-rotatable casing surrounding the kelly bar in which the casing and waste contamination sensing probes affixed thereto are supported by the top drive and are moved into and out of the site with the kelly bar and drill bit. The sensors preferably are optical soil contamination probes affixed to the casing to qualitatively and quantitatively determine soil contaminants and monitor remediation progress in situ at a subsurface soil characterization and treatment location. Soil gas sampling and a solid soil core sample removal device may be integrated with the optical contaminant sensing for accurate site characterization and simultaneous remediation thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 1, 1993
    Date of Patent: July 25, 1995
    Assignee: Terranalysis Corporation
    Inventor: Frank E. Manchak, III
  • Patent number: 5402855
    Abstract: Low-cost, medium-curvature, deviated drainholes are drilled from a vertical cased well in soft formations, using the jet-drilling technique with a coiled-tubing. The high-velocity liquid jet is oriented at a small angle from the axis of the coiled tubing in the selected direction. The jet nozzle assembly is held by a pin in a reference groove in the tubing wall, parallel to its axis. A similar pin in a conventional sonde containing orientation sensors is also inserted in the same groove, so that the jet's spatial orientation is fully determined, with respect to the vertical and North. The jet angle with respect to the tubing axis is pre-set by mechanical or hydraulic locking devices and periodically re-adjusted, based on the sonde's spatial orientation data.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 1993
    Date of Patent: April 4, 1995
    Assignee: S-Cal Research Corp.
    Inventor: Michel Gondouin
  • Patent number: 5377551
    Abstract: The invention relates to a probe assembly (1) adapted to penetrate and travel in a mass of material, comprising:a hull,a front striking zone (3) and/or a rear striking zone (4) axially opposite, for transmitting pulses to the hull,a striking piston (2) anda pneumatic motor for setting in motion the striking piston (2) so as to project it against a striking zone (3, 4) integral with the hull, a compressed-air supply for the motor, characterized by the fact that the friction of the hull and any guiding elements rigidly connected to the hull in a pulverulent mass is between a lower value f insufficient to assure the holding of the probe upon the recoil of the striking piston (2) and a higher value F preventing the probe from advancing upon the impact of the striking piston (2) on the striking zone (3, 4) so as to permit the advancement of the probe in the pulverulent material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 15, 1991
    Date of Patent: January 3, 1995
    Assignee: Desinsectisation Moderne
    Inventor: Benoit Vacquer
  • Patent number: 5377770
    Abstract: An impact tool having an air-operated hammer for impacting against an anvil in the body of the tool to cause the tool to tunnel through the ground, and having passages and conduits opening to the front region of the tool to pass water to lubricate the tool and wet the soil proximate the front of the tool, to ease the passage of the tool through the soil during the propulsion of the tool.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 23, 1993
    Date of Patent: January 3, 1995
    Inventor: Lester L. Ritter
  • Patent number: 5353883
    Abstract: A drilling tool (10) of the displacing type comprises a displacing head (22) including a cylindrical mid head portion (24) and lower and upper frustoconical head portions (26, 28). A lower drill portion (12) carries a helical rib (16) which also extends over the lower head portion (26), all portions of this rib being of equal height. The upper head portion (28) is formed with spiroconical displacing walls (32).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 1993
    Date of Patent: October 11, 1994
    Assignee: DELMAT Maschinenfabrik Reihnold Dornfeld GmbH
    Inventors: Hinrich Kattentidt, Magnus Mauch
  • Patent number: 5327981
    Abstract: A groundwater sampler is disclosed which is adapted for reuse at multiple depths during a single boring, which is simple in design, which may be built with but a small number of parts, which is easy to used which is easy to decontaminate, and which is resistant to clogging from silts and fine sands.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 21, 1992
    Date of Patent: July 12, 1994
    Assignee: GDC Engineering, Inc.
    Inventor: Michael A. Morgan
  • Patent number: 5327980
    Abstract: A drill head for making a hole in the ground, said drill head comprising a mantle (1), a spraying device carrier (3) mounted inside the mantle (1) so it can rotate, a motor (2) installed inside the mantle (1) driving this spraying device carrier (3), at least one spraying device (4) eccentrically mounted on the spraying device carrier (3) and a pipe line (11) for fluid in order to supply fluid to the spraying device (4), characterized in that the spraying device (4) is a turbo-jet.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 15, 1991
    Date of Patent: July 12, 1994
    Inventor: Marc J. M. Smet
  • Patent number: 5322134
    Abstract: A drill head (1) as part of a drill lance for an apparatus for drilling an underground tunnel, which drill head has a channel (10) extending along the center axis of the drill lance and is rotatable about the center axis, comprising at least one forwardly directed nozzle (2), the nozzle channel (21) of which communicates with the channel (10) and exits outside the center axis, the drill head (1) being characterized by at least one rearwardly directed nozzle (4) being provided, the nozzle channel (41) of which communicates with the channel (10).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 1992
    Date of Patent: June 21, 1994
    Assignee: KSK Guided Microtunneling Technologies GmbH Spezialtiefbaugerate
    Inventor: Rolf Dahn
  • Patent number: 5301758
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for enlarging a straight or arcuate pilot bore hole and the insertion of tubing in the enlarged bore is disclosed, in which the pilot bore hole 10 is enlarged by advancing a larger diameter housing with a conical enlarging head by impacting of a striking body mounted within a housing against the inside of the enlarging head at the forward end of the housing. Fluid jet cutting action is also employed and the pilot hole boring device may be coupled to exert a steady pull on the housing as it is advanced through the pilot bore. The housing may thus be connected to the pilot bore drilling device, with an interposed cushioning device. The fluid jets may be created by nozzle openings in the enlarging head or in a separate device mounted forward of the enlarging head.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 1991
    Date of Patent: April 12, 1994
    Assignee: TERRA AG fuer Tiefbautechnik
    Inventor: Dietmar Jenne
  • Patent number: 5301561
    Abstract: A fluid sampling device particularly suited for downhole applications is disclosed. The device has a tubular housing with a retractable sample tube nested within. The housing and sample tube have generally pointed leading edges to facilitate embedment into the formation to a sufficient depth to isolate the fluid sample to be obtained from well fluids. Having embedded the apparatus a sufficient depth, a downward force is applied to the sample tube, severing its prior restraint to the housing and extending the sample tube into the formation. Openings in the sample tube allow the fluid to come through it, whereupon it is conducted to the surface. Removal of the downward forces applied to the sample tube allows a biasing mechanism to act on the sample tube to retract it into the housing prior to the removal of the housing from the formation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 28, 1991
    Date of Patent: April 12, 1994
    Assignee: Energy Ventures, Inc.
    Inventor: Haraldur Karlsson