With Means Movable Relative To Tool Below Ground To Control Eccentric Fluid Emission Patents (Class 175/231)
  • Patent number: 9359842
    Abstract: A downhole tool comprises a housing defining a main bore and an actuatable member moveable from a first configuration to a second configuration to permit actuation of the tool. The tool includes an indexer mounted within the housing and arranged to progress linearly in a first direction along the main bore of the housing in a predetermined number of discrete sequential and progressive steps of linear movement in said first direction by passage of a corresponding number of objects through the indexer to cause said actuatable member to move towards its second configuration.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 17, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 7, 2016
    Inventors: Colin Smith, Daniel George Purkis
  • Patent number: 9045966
    Abstract: A valve and method of use wherein the valve includes a housing having an axial flowbore defined along its length. A lateral fluid flow port is disposed through the housing. A piston sleeve is disposed within the flowbore and is selectively moveable to block flow through the lateral flow port. The valve can be moved between operating positions wherein flow through the lateral flow port is blocked or allowed and axial flow through the flowbore is blocked or permitted.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 3, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 2, 2015
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: Mohsen Ali, Gregory Lee Hern, Daniel Hart, Yang Xu
  • Patent number: 8640768
    Abstract: In one aspect of the present invention, an external tubular member comprises an external outside surface and an external inside surface joined by an external wall thickness. The external wall thickness comprises external sintered polycrystalline diamond. An internal member comprises an internal outside surface and an internal width. The internal width comprises internal sintered polycrystalline diamond. The external inside surface is adjacent to the internal outside surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 21, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 4, 2014
    Inventors: David R. Hall, Ronald B. Crockett, Neil Cannon
  • Patent number: 8408337
    Abstract: The downhole flow control means or downhole blowout preventor (downhole BOP) of the present invention is adapted for use during reverse circulation drilling with both concentric drill pipe and concentric coiled tubing. The downhole BOP comprises an inner tube member having an inner passage therethrough and an outer casing forming an annular passage between the inner tube member and the outer casing. The inner passage and the annular passage of the downhole BOP is in fluid communication with the inner passage and annular passage, respectively, of the concentric drill pipe or concentric coiled tubing. The downhole BOP further comprises two valve means, preferably a check valve and a ball valve, for closing off the annular passage and the inner passage of the downhole BOP, respectively. In a preferred embodiment, the downhole BOP further comprises an electric actuator for opening and closing the ball valve.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 8, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 2, 2013
    Assignee: Presssol Ltd.
    Inventor: James I. Livingstone
  • Patent number: 8353355
    Abstract: A well system can include a drill string having a drill bit at an end thereof, and a swellable seal exposed to fluid in an annulus external to the drill string. The swellable seal can include a swellable material which swells in response to the fluid comprising a predetermined activating agent. A method of preventing undesired release of fluid from a wellbore can include displacing a drill string through the wellbore, thereby drilling the wellbore, and installing in the wellbore a swellable seal which, in response to the fluid comprising a predetermined activating agent, reduces flow through an annulus formed radially between the drill string and the wellbore. Another well system can include a swellable seal carried into a wellbore on a drill string, with the swellable seal including a swellable material which swells in response to a fluid in the wellbore comprising a predetermined activating agent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 9, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 15, 2013
    Assignee: Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.
    Inventors: Lee M. Smith, Alan B. Webb, Vijay Karode, Karl M. Tunstall
  • Publication number: 20120145458
    Abstract: A rotary steerable drilling system comprises a rotatable housing having a plurality of steering actuators mounted thereon and movable, individually, between retracted and extended positions, the actuators being electrically controlled, and a battery arranged to supply electrical power to the actuators.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 15, 2009
    Publication date: June 14, 2012
    Inventor: Geoff Downton
  • Patent number: 8104505
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is a two-way actuator. The actuator includes, a tubular, movably positionable within a structure between at least a first position and a second position, the tubular having a first density selected such that buoyancy forces urge the tubular toward the first position in response to submersion of the tubular within a fluid having a second density that is greater than the first density, and at least one flow resistor disposed at the tubular configured to urge the tubular toward the second position in response to fluid flow interacting with the at least one flow resistor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 22, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 31, 2012
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: Robert S. O'Brien, Robert T. O'Brien
  • Publication number: 20100163308
    Abstract: A system for steering the direction of a borehole advanced by cutting action of a rotary drill bit by periodically varying action of a drill bit while continuously rotating a drill string to which the drill bit is operationally attached. The steering system comprises a bit perturbation device cooperating with a bent housing subsection and operationally connected to the drill string and to the drill bit. Drill bit action is varied by periodic varying the rotation speed or rate of penetration of the drill bit. Periodic drill bit action results in preferential cutting of material from a predetermined arc of the borehole wall which, in turn, resulting in borehole deviation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 29, 2008
    Publication date: July 1, 2010
    Inventors: Steven Reid Farley, Michael Louis Larronde, Roger P. Bartel, Charles Lee Mauldin, Robert Anthony Aiello
  • Patent number: 7717197
    Abstract: An apparatus (10) for keeping a down hole drilling tool vertically uses a pendulum (36). The pendulum (36) controls flow from outlets (34) of drilling fluid chambers (30), providing drilling fluid to centralizer (24) activating pistons (26) acting upon centralizer blades (24). When the outer housing (12) deviates from a vertical orientation, the pendulum (36) swings by force of gravity to assume an angularly offset pivotal position. This adjusts the hydraulic pressure in one or two of the outlets (34) for one or two of the drilling fluid chambers (30) resulting in a change in the hydraulic force acting upon one or two of the pistons (26) causing one of the centralizers (24) to change their position to urge the outer housing (12) back toward the vertical position until the pendulum (36) again assumes the concentric pivotal position and the balanced pressure equilibrium in the drilling fluid chambers (30) is restored.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 16, 2007
    Date of Patent: May 18, 2010
    Inventor: Kenneth H. Wenzel
  • Patent number: 7665549
    Abstract: A fluid channeling device (10) is for a down-hole drill assembly (1) having a central axis (1c) and advanceable into a hole in a downward direction (D) along the axis (1c). The assembly (1) includes a drill member (2) with an inner surface (2a) bounding a central bore (2b) and an outer surface (2c). The channeling system includes at least one passage (12) provided within the drill member (2) so as to extend generally between the drill member inner (2a) and outer surfaces (2c). A generally annular channeling member (14) is disposeable about a portion of the drill member (2) and has at least one inlet port (20), at least one discharge port (16), and a passage (12) extending between the inlet (20) and discharge ports (16). The inlet port (20) is fluidly connectable with the drill member passage (12) to fluidly couple the central bore (2b) with the discharge port (16).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 24, 2005
    Date of Patent: February 23, 2010
    Assignee: Atlas Copco Secoroc AB
    Inventor: Leland H. Lyon
  • Patent number: 7624821
    Abstract: In one aspect of the present invention, a downhole assembly has a downhole tool string component with a bore adapted to accommodate drilling mud having a central passage and at least one periphery passage. At least two movable segments are peripherally positioned around a bore wall adapted to constrict a diameter of the central passage and are adapted to divert drilling mud into the at least one periphery passage. At least one opening mechanism is adapted to move a portion of the at least two movable segments toward the bore wall.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 6, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 1, 2009
    Inventors: David R. Hall, Scott Dahlgren, Jonathan Marshall
  • Publication number: 20080283294
    Abstract: A testing apparatus comprising: a chamber (5) having an inlet (6) and an outlet (16); a measuring device (4), at least a part of which is provided within said chamber; wherein the inlet is arranged to direct fluid onto said part of the measuring device within the chamber in order to clean the measuring device during start up. Thus the density or viscosity of drilling mud may be continuously monitored. Preferred embodiments include an outlet valve such as a ball valve (7) with a bore defined therein. The bore allows fluid to flow therethrough even in a valve “closed” position and so generates the preferred back pressure whilst minimising the risk that the valve will block. A pressure activated drain valve (9) is also provided to substantially empty the chamber when not in use. When the apparatus is reactivated, an inlet tube is adapted to jet air and then fluid at the measuring device in order to remove debris therefrom. Thus the apparatus has the important benefit of self cleaning during start-up.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 19, 2006
    Publication date: November 20, 2008
    Inventor: Ross Colquhoun
  • Patent number: 7441607
    Abstract: A downhole tool for circulating fluid in a well bore. The tool includes an axial inlet and outlet with radial second outlets. A sleeve moves over the second outlets to control circulation of fluid. The sleeve can be selectively locked in an opened or closed configuration while the tool is in tension or compression. Variation of fluid pressure in the work string and stroking the tool move the sleeve between the operating positions. Cyclic operation of the tool is also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 2004
    Date of Patent: October 28, 2008
    Assignee: Specialised Petroleum Group Services Limited
    Inventor: George Telfer
  • Patent number: 6899188
    Abstract: A concentric casing actuated jet pump is disclosed that induces artificial lift to remove the drilling and production fluid from a well bore during drilling operations by means of a single or multiple hydraulic jet pumps attached to a concentric string of casing. The invention includes a drill string that passes through the jet pump assembly so that the power fluid is separated from the drilling fluid until it enters the jet pump. The jet pump assembly is joined to a concentric casing string. The jet pump also contains a bladder element that inflates or expands to redirect the flow of the drilling and production fluid from the inner annulus into the jet pump assembly. Vertical displacement of the inner casing string by a casing jack causes the bladder to redirect the flow of drilling fluid form the inner annulus into the jet pump assembly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 2003
    Date of Patent: May 31, 2005
    Assignee: Sunstone Corporation
    Inventors: William James Hughes, Jimmie Josh Renfro
  • Patent number: 6769498
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for under balanced drilling comprising a production casing extending vertically from the ground to the area where the drilling is taking place, a concentric casing mounted within the production casing and forming therewith an outer annulus, a concentric casing connecting at its lower end with an upper end of an injection tool, the injection tool having a lower end connecting with a packer assembly which includes a packer and slips, and a drill string having a drill bit at the lower end thereof extending downwardly through the concentric casing, the injection tool, and packer assembly to the area where the drilling is taking place, the injection tool having a generally cylindrical body and a plurality of spaced spiral flutes extending outwardly from the cylindrical body to the inner wall of the production casing and forming therebetween spiral openings through which fluid may be forced downwardly through the outer annulus and against the packer, each flute having an upwardly directed spi
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 22, 2002
    Date of Patent: August 3, 2004
    Assignee: Sunstone Corporation
    Inventor: W. James Hughes
  • Publication number: 20040069535
    Abstract: An anti-plugging oscillating shear valve system for generating pressure fluctuations in a flowing drilling fluid comprising a stationary stator and an oscillating rotor, both with axial flow passages. The rotor oscillates in close proximity to the stator, at least partially blocking the flow through the stator and generating oscillating pressure pulses. The rotor passes through two zero speed positions during each cycle, facilitating rapid changes in signal phase, frequency, and/or amplitude facilitating enhanced data encoding. The rotor is driven by a electric motor disposed in a lubricant filled housing. In one embodiment, the housing to shaft seal is a flexible bellows. In one embodiment, a torsional spring is attached to the motor and the resulting spring mass system is designed to be near resonance at the desired pulse frequency. The torsion spring may be a solid torsion bar or a magnetic spring.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 11, 2003
    Publication date: April 15, 2004
    Applicant: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: Detlef Hahn, Volker Peters, Cedric Rouatbi
  • Patent number: 6173795
    Abstract: A multi-cycle circulating sub apparatus having a control member for controlling the movement of a sleeve between a first or closed position and a second or open position. The control member is slidably mounted in a body and is moveable by fluid pressure in the body in a first axial direction relative to the body. The control member also has a spring biasing the control member in an opposite axial direction of the body. A pin is secured to either the body or the control member. A central groove, in which a portion of the pin is received, is formed in the other of the body or control member. The central groove is shaped to limit axial displacement of the control member in response to pressure variations in the body such that only after a predetermined number of movements of the control member to a first limit position is the control member able to move to a second limit position to displace the sleeve into the second position. The apparatus may also be reset many times while remaining in a downhole position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 10, 1998
    Date of Patent: January 16, 2001
    Assignee: Smith International, Inc.
    Inventors: Bruce McGarian, Lawrence Robert Barr
  • Patent number: 5682957
    Abstract: A device for use within the backhead of a down hole percussive drill, for removing debris from a drillhole, includes a flow control member in the drill backhead for inducing cyclonic flow of percussive fluid, to concentrate the heavier water and other matter away from the lighter percussive gases, a separator in the backhead that separates the water and other matter, passageways in the backhead for ejecting the separated water and other matter, a sealing member for sealing the backhead passageways against back flow of debris from the drillhole annulus, and an indexing member for positioning the separator so as to permit a pre-selection of flow amounts of removed water and other matter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 1995
    Date of Patent: November 4, 1997
    Assignee: Ingersoll-Rand Company
    Inventor: Leland H. Lyon
  • Patent number: 5363927
    Abstract: A process and apparatus for high pressure drilling are disclosed. The apparatus comprises an essentially solid drill head with horizontally extendable nozzle arms hingedly connected by shear pins thereto. Flow of high pressure fluid both extends the nozzle arms and flows through the nozzle arms, thereby fracturing and shearing material surrounding the drill head. Cessation of fluid flow returns the arms to the vertical position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 1993
    Date of Patent: November 15, 1994
    Inventor: Robert C. Frank
  • Patent number: 5343968
    Abstract: Apparatus and method for simultaneously and separately emplacing two streams of different materials through a drillstring in a borehole to a downhole location for lost circulation control. The two streams are mixed outside the drillstring at the desired downhole location and harden only after mixing for control of a lost circulation zone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 17, 1991
    Date of Patent: September 6, 1994
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventor: David A. Glowka
  • Patent number: 4960176
    Abstract: To cut, bore or similarly machine rock, ore, stratified coal or other objects, a medium is delivered under high pressure through a supply pipe to a nozzle. The supply pipe is designed as a pendulum-type pipe, in particular in the form of a flexible high-pressure hose, and executes, together with the nozzle, rapid, for example oscillating and/or circular, movements along a guide. In this way, straight cuts and/or holes can be made very rapidly and simple in rock. The cut width can be controlled by the arrangement and fitting in particular of a plurality of nozzles, depending on the rock and pressure medium. In particular, an eccentric element which functions as a drive mechanism permits a circular movement of the nozzle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 1989
    Date of Patent: October 2, 1990
    Assignee: CIWJ Compagnie Internationale du Water Jet
    Inventors: Charles Loegel, Isabelle Durr, Sylvie Reichert, Patrick Loegel, Francine Schneider
  • Patent number: 4679637
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for drilling a pilot bore hole (B) along an underground arcuate path (P) between two surface locations (O, E). The pilot bore hole (B) is drilled in one direction with a drill string (10) having a leading pipe section (10A) of a reduced diameter to provide increased flexibility. Upon completion of the pilot bore hole (B), a reamer (48) connected to a product conduit (46) is connected to the drill string (10). Drill string (10) pulls the reamer (48) and product conduit (46) along the pilot bore hole (B) in an opposite direction for enlarging the bore hole (B) to receive the product conduit (46). A spud bit (34) has a flat or blunt leading end portion (34A) with a discharge opening (34D) therein to discharge high velocity drilling fluid into the formation at a location offset from the longitudinal axis of the drill string (10) to assist in guiding the drill string (10). An in-hole hydraulic motor (70) is provided in an embodiment (FIG.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 17, 1986
    Date of Patent: July 14, 1987
    Inventors: Martin D. Cherrington, William D. Cherrington
  • Patent number: 4307786
    Abstract: The advancement angle of a borehole cut by a rotary drill bit of the type which forms a cylindrical sidewall, a drill face and a circumferentially extending gage corner, is controlled by removing a different amount of the gage corner material over a selected partial arc of the gage corner circumference during each rotation of the drill bit. The different amount of material removed causes the remaining arc of the gage corner circumference to apply a slight lateral force on the drill bit, thus forcing the drill bit in a desired direction. Gage corner removal apparatus include a hydraulic fluid jet impinging upon the gage corner. Selectively activating the gage corner removal apparatus during each of a plurality of subsequent drill bit revolutions results in a cumulative angle change effect. Control apparatus is attached to the drill string at a position at which gravity induced sag causes the drill string to contact the low side portion of the borehole.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 10, 1979
    Date of Patent: December 29, 1981
    Inventor: Robert F. Evans
  • Patent number: 4114705
    Abstract: In rock drilling utilizing mechanical destruction of the rock and circulation of drilling fluid for removing debris from the cutting face, the drilling fluid is directed on to the cutting face in the form of two opposed pulsed jets, the cycles of which are 180.degree. out of phase. In order to achieve the phased opposition of the pulsed jets a ball is disposed in the distribution chamber of the drilling fluid and is subjected to a combination of hydraulic and mechanical forces which cause the ball to oscillate between two end positions in which the ball respectively closes off one of two outlet ducts leading to nozzles which direct the drilling fluid towards opposite points on the bottom of the drill hole.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 13, 1977
    Date of Patent: September 19, 1978
    Assignee: Societe B.V.S.
    Inventor: Daniel Milan
  • Patent number: 4077481
    Abstract: Apparatus for subterranean slurry drilling and mining of granular ore, such as phosphates, with a combined drilling and mining apparatus. The apparatus includes a tool string having a drilling head and mining head that are selectively interchangeable on its upper end for drilling into one or more ore strata to be mined and thereafter to remove ore from the strata as a slurry. The drill string includes a plurality of inner and outer pipe sections connected to a mining nozzle section, to an eductor pump section, and to a drill bit at its lower end. A drilling/mining liquid is directed through the tool string during both the drilling and mining modes of operation. During drilling, liquid is directed through a foot valve into the rotating bit to wash cuttings to the surface externally of the tool. During mining, the tool string is rotated, the foot valve is closed, and a mining nozzle is opened thereby causing liquid jetting from the mining nozzle to reduce the ore to a slurry.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 12, 1976
    Date of Patent: March 7, 1978
    Assignee: FMC Corporation
    Inventor: Philip R. Bunnelle
  • Patent number: 4058163
    Abstract: A vibrating apparatus connected with a member insertable into a well bore including an insertable and retrievable member enabling the vibrating apparatus to be selectively actuated. The vibrating apparatus includes a rotatable, eccentric weight forming a rotor having selectively closable through passage means and bypass means oriented to impart rotation of the eccentric weight when the through passage is closed and pressurized fluid is required to pass through the bypass for discharge in offset relation to the axis of rotation for rotating the eccentric weight thereby vibrating the apparatus and the well bore member to which it is attached. In one embodiment of the invention, the through passage is closed by a ball valve which can be inserted into the flow passage at ground surface for movement into engagement with a valve seat by gravity together with a magnet insertable into the flow passage for retrieving the ball valve which is subject to magnetic attraction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 9, 1976
    Date of Patent: November 15, 1977
    Inventor: James L. Yandell
  • Patent number: RE33793
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for drilling a pilot bore hole (B) along an underground arcuate path (P) between two surface locations (O, E). The pilot bore hole (B) is drilled in one direction with a drill string (10) having a leading pipe section (10A) of a reduced diameter to provide increased flexibility. Upon completion of the pilot bore hole (B), a reamer (48) connected to a product conduit (46) is connected to the drill string (10). Drill string (10) pulls the reamer (48) and product conduit (46) along the pilot bore hole (B) in an opposite direction for enlarging the bore hole (B) to receive the product conduit (46). A spud bit (34) has a flat or blunt leading end portion (34A) with a discharge opening (34D) therein to discharge high velocity drilling fluid into the formation at a location offset from the longitudinal axis of the drill string (10) to assist in guiding the drill string (10). An in-hole hydraulic motor (70) is provided in an embodiment (FIG.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 14, 1989
    Date of Patent: January 14, 1992
    Assignee: Cherrington Corporation
    Inventors: Martin D. Cherrington, William D. Cherrington