Resiliently Biased Or Composed Of Flexible Material Patents (Class 175/243)
  • Patent number: 9644439
    Abstract: A valve assembly for use in an inner tube member of a core barrel head assembly positionable within a drill string of a drilling apparatus. The piston member of the valve assembly is located between a fluid pressure communication port and a fluid flow port to hold the retracting case in an up position and the latches retracted. After an increased fluid pressure has pushed the piston member past the annular element or bushing, the piston member substantially restricts fluid flow through the bushing and allows the retracting case to move to a down position and extend the latches. If the latches are not extended due to an obstruction or misalignment, the retracting case will prevent the piston member from completely passing through the bushing, thus maintaining high fluid pressure due to the flow ports remaining closed, and indicating to the driller that the latches have not properly latched.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 9, 2017
    Assignee: ATLAS COPCO CANADA INC
    Inventors: Paul Lambert, Patrick Salvador
  • Patent number: 9334693
    Abstract: A conical feeder is attached to a vertically conveying screw auger. The feeder is equipped with scoops and rotated from the surface to force-feed regolith the auger. Additional scoops are possible by adding a cylindrical section above the conical funnel section. Such then allows the unit to collect material from swaths larger in diameter than the enclosing casing pipe of the screw auger. A third element includes a flexible screw auger. All three can be used in combination in microgravity and zero atmosphere environments to drill and recover a wide area of subsurface regolith and entrained volatiles through a single access point on the surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 8, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 10, 2016
    Inventors: Otis Walton, Hubert J. Vollmer
  • Patent number: 9322237
    Abstract: An excitation apparatus suitable for use downhole having interengaged masses at least in part confined or guided so as to be movable as an interengaged assembly on an axis, one mass (“rotatable mass”) being rotatable relative to the other mass about the axis to cyclically vary the axial length of the assembly of the interengaged masses, a rotary drive, and an interposed spring (of any kind) between the rotary drive and the rotatable mass able to transmit torque from the rotary drive to the rotatable mass yet vary in its extent responsive to the interengaged masses.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 26, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 26, 2016
    Assignee: FLEXIDRILL LIMITED
    Inventors: Owen Schicker, Mark Christopher Cunliffe
  • Patent number: 8997871
    Abstract: A dual drill string valve includes an actuator including a piston disposed in a housing. The housing is configured to couple at its ends to an end of a nested dual drill string segment. An upper internal conduit is mounted in the housing proximate one longitudinal end thereof. A lower internal conduit is mounted in the housing proximate the other longitudinal end thereof. The piston is slidably, sealingly engaged between the upper and lower inner conduits and defines a fluid flow passage therethrough. The upper inner conduit, the piston and the lower inner conduit define another flow passage between respective exterior surfaces thereof and an interior of the housing such that application of fluid pressure to the external flow passage causes movement of the piston away from the upper inner conduit. A rotary valve is coupled to the actuator whereby longitudinal movement thereof rotates the rotary valve.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: Reelwell, A.S.
    Inventors: Espen Alhaug, Stein Erik Meinseth
  • Patent number: 8776887
    Abstract: A flow stop valve positionable in a downhole tubular, and a method. The flow stop valve is in a closed position when a pressure difference between fluid outside the downhole tubular and inside the downhole tubular at the flow stop valve is between a threshold value, thereby preventing flow through the downhole tubular. The flow stop valve is in an open position when the pressure difference between fluid outside the downhole tubular and inside the downhole tubular at the flow stop valve is above a threshold value, thereby permitting flow through the downhole tubular.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 8, 2013
    Date of Patent: July 15, 2014
    Assignee: Pilot Drilling Control Limited
    Inventors: Swietlik George, Large Robert
  • Patent number: 8752630
    Abstract: A flow stop valve (20) positionable in a downhole tubular (6), and a method, are provided. The flow stop valve (20) is in a closed position when a pressure difference between fluid outside the downhole tubular (6) and inside the downhole tubular (6) at the flow stop valve (20) is below a threshold value, thereby preventing flow through the downhole tubular. The flow stop valve (20) is in an open position when the pressure difference between fluid outside the downhole tubular (6) and inside the downhole tubular (6) at the flow stop valve (20) is above a threshold value, thereby permitting flow through the downhole tubular (6).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 18, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 17, 2014
    Assignee: Pilot Drilling Control Limited
    Inventors: George Swietlik, Robert Large
  • Patent number: 8579047
    Abstract: Apparatus and methods operate to seal off a column of effluents standing in a borehole annulus from a drill bit assembly during earth drilling operations. A seal assembly, sections of drill pipe, and tubular casing members are assembled into a fluid pressure-restraining drilling tool. The drilling tool is inserted into a drill string above the drill bit. The seal assembly tracks with the drill string, traveling along the borehole wall to maintain an annular seal at a substantially constant position above the drill bit as drilling operations progress. Pressures produced by the column of effluents are exerted at the upper portion of the seal as the effluent column is prevented from reaching the drill bit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 12, 2013
    Inventor: Norman DeVerne Houston
  • Patent number: 8393403
    Abstract: Drill string flow control valves and more particularly, drill string flow control valves for prevention of u-tubing of fluid flow in drill strings are provided. Drill string flow control valves may comprise a valve housing, a valve sleeve axially movable within a valve housing from a closed position to an open position, a piston axially movable within said valve housing and bearing against the valve sleeve, a biasing mechanism for biasing the valve sleeve into the closed position, a static pressure port for actuating said piston utilizing internal fluid pressure within said valve and a plurality of dynamic pressure ports for allowing a differential pressure to be exerted on the valve sleeve during dynamic flow conditions. The differential pressure exerted on the valve sleeve may be the result of an upstream pressure and a downstream pressure during fluid flow through said valve.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 30, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 12, 2013
    Assignee: Dual Gradient Systems, LLC
    Inventor: Luc de Boer
  • Patent number: 8353355
    Abstract: A well system can include a drill string having a drill bit at an end thereof, and a swellable seal exposed to fluid in an annulus external to the drill string. The swellable seal can include a swellable material which swells in response to the fluid comprising a predetermined activating agent. A method of preventing undesired release of fluid from a wellbore can include displacing a drill string through the wellbore, thereby drilling the wellbore, and installing in the wellbore a swellable seal which, in response to the fluid comprising a predetermined activating agent, reduces flow through an annulus formed radially between the drill string and the wellbore. Another well system can include a swellable seal carried into a wellbore on a drill string, with the swellable seal including a swellable material which swells in response to a fluid in the wellbore comprising a predetermined activating agent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 9, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 15, 2013
    Assignee: Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.
    Inventors: Lee M. Smith, Alan B. Webb, Vijay Karode, Karl M. Tunstall
  • Patent number: 8066079
    Abstract: Drill string flow control valves and more particularly, drill string flow control valves for prevention of u-tubing of fluid flow in drill strings are provided. Drill string flow control valves may comprise a valve housing, a valve sleeve axially movable within a valve housing from a closed position to an open position, a piston axially movable within said valve housing and bearing against the valve sleeve, a biasing mechanism for biasing the valve sleeve into the closed position, a static pressure port for actuating said piston utilizing internal fluid pressure within said valve and a plurality of dynamic pressure ports for allowing a differential pressure to be exerted on the valve sleeve during dynamic flow conditions. The differential pressure exerted on the valve sleeve may be the result of an upstream pressure and a downstream pressure during fluid flow through said valve.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 29, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 29, 2011
    Assignee: Dual Gradient Systems, L.L.C.
    Inventor: Luc de Boer
  • Patent number: 7584801
    Abstract: Drill string flow control valves and more particularly, drill string flow control valves for prevention of u-tubing of fluid flow in drill strings are provided. Drill string flow control valves may comprise a valve housing, a valve sleeve axially movable within a valve housing from a closed position to an open position, a biasing mechanism for biasing the valve sleeve into the closed position, and a plurality of pressure ports for allowing a differential pressure to be exerted on the valve sleeve. The differential pressure exerted on the valve sleeve may be the result of an upstream pressure and a downstream pressure. By allowing a differential pressure resulting from a fluid flow to act on the valve sleeve, u-tubing in a drill string can be prevented or substantially reduced. Methods of use are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 20, 2007
    Date of Patent: September 8, 2009
    Assignee: Dual Gradient Systems, LLC
    Inventor: Luc deBoer
  • Patent number: 6585048
    Abstract: In a wellbore system, non-return valves placed in one or more well boreholes within the system. The valves are placed in the production string downstream from the producing zones, the valve having a closure member selectively biased to a closed position against flow from the producing zones. A fluid backpressure in the production string further operates to bias the valve to the dosed position. When the fluid backpressure is reduced, the force exerted by the flow from the producing zone against the closure member is sufficient to move the closure member in its open position. The closure member is maintained in its open position as a result of the force exerted by the flow from the production zone. An increase in fluid backpressure on the valve results in the movement of the closure member from the open position to the closed position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 9, 2000
    Date of Patent: July 1, 2003
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventor: Wilhelmus Hubertus Paulus Maria Heijnen
  • Publication number: 20020020558
    Abstract: A drill string shut-off valve system for controlling the mud circulation system for deepwater marine drilling operations is disclosed, the drill string shut-off valve having a valve body having a cylinder, a main flow path, and a drilling mud flow channel, an upper and a lower connector on the valve body for installing the drill string shut-off valve into a drill string, and a valve positioned to selectively interrupt in the main flow path through the valve body or to complete the main flow path through the drilling mud flow channel. A piston in the cylinder is operably connected to the valve to drive it from an open to closed position. The piston has a first pressure face, a port presenting pressure from the upstream side of the valve to the first pressure face, anda second pressure face on the back of the piston.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 8, 2001
    Publication date: February 21, 2002
    Inventors: Romulo Gonzalez, Frans Sippo Wiegand Smits
  • Patent number: 6053261
    Abstract: A simple and economical device is placed in a drill string to provide a pulsating flow of the pressurized drilling fluid to the jets of the drill bit to enhance chip removal and provide a vibrating action in the drill bit itself thereby to provide a more efficient and effective drilling operation. Operation of the device is such that a pronounced negative pulse precedes the positive pulse. Between pulses there is a short time delay and this feature will further enhance drilling rates. Device automatically bypasses all fluid if it is disabled.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 5, 1999
    Date of Patent: April 25, 2000
    Inventor: Bruno H. Walter
  • Patent number: 5979572
    Abstract: A tool for incorporation in a drill string has an outer body (11, 12, 13) and a spool (17, 18, 19) rotationally and slidably mounted within the body. A cam groove (20) is formed on camming component (17) of the spool and interacts with pins (21) to cause uni-directional spool rotation through a number of pre-set angular positions as the spool is reciprocated. The valving component (18) of the spool is closed internally by wall (26) and has orifices (25) which come into and out of registration with body openings (29) as the spool is moved through its pre-set positions. When in registration, flow into the tool will leave the tool radially outwardly through openings (29); but when out of registration, the flow will be into chamber (28) of body central component (12), and back into the valving component (18) downstream of wall (26) through apertures (27).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 23, 1997
    Date of Patent: November 9, 1999
    Assignee: UWG Limited
    Inventors: Mark Boyd, Mark Stanley Davy
  • Patent number: 5404953
    Abstract: A blow-out prevention device shuts off an annulus between a drill column and a well wall by means of an expandable sealing device when an unwanted blow-out of fluid and/or gas takes place from an unstable geological well formation when drilling for oil or gas.When a blow-out takes place, a compressive-pulse code is activated in the inlet of the drill column and is transmitted through the drilling fluid to a pressure sensor which transmits the compressive-pulse code on to a microprocessor (37) which is preprogrammed with the pressure code. If the pressure codes coincide, an electric motor is activated, which, via a set of gears and a nut-and-bolt device, displaces a valve plate axially towards a valve seat. The drilling fluid then flows out through nozzles and causes a large pressure drop which is used to expand the sealing device so that the annulus is shut.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 14, 1993
    Date of Patent: April 11, 1995
    Assignee: Norsk Hydro a.s.
    Inventor: Sigbjorn Sangesland
  • Patent number: 5230390
    Abstract: A closure mechanism for preventing fluid access to an inner tube of a core barrel assembly is disclosed in which the closure mechanism is configured to move from an open, or unoccluded, condition to an occluded condition in response to increased fluid flow rates and pressure differentials occurring at the closure mechanism. The closure mechanism is also configured to maintain occlusion of the inner tube under substantially all types of drilling conditions, and particularly those where conventional closure mechanisms may fail, such as in horizontal drilling. The closure mechanism generally includes a conduit structure associated with the inner tube, and having a seat, an occlusion structure, such as a ball, and releasing structure which maintains the occlusion structure in spaced relationship to the seat until increasing pressure differentials result in release of the occlusion structure to register with the seat.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 6, 1992
    Date of Patent: July 27, 1993
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: Jiri Zastresek, Steven R. Radford
  • Patent number: 5119891
    Abstract: An adaptor for drilling strings has a head, sleeve and mounting block assembly to secure a drill bit to a drilling string. By reverse rotation of the drilling string, the sleeve is movable between a first position, where pressurized air from the drilling string is directed to the drill bit, to a second position, where the air is directed to the drill hole above the adaptor to clear debris from the hole. Teeth at both ends of the drill assist the adaptor to clear the hole as the drill string is rotated and retracted from the hole.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 1990
    Date of Patent: June 9, 1992
    Assignee: S & T NO 13 Pty Ltd.
    Inventor: Darcy L. Flynn
  • Patent number: 5020612
    Abstract: A wire line core barrel inner tube assembly has a latch body with a miximum diameter portion providing a shoulder seatable on a drill string landing ring and a fluid bypass channel extending through the maximum diameter portion and a valving assembly. The valving assembly includes a resilient valve seat in the bypass channel and a ball seatable on the valve seat to block fluid flow in a downward direction through the channel, movable upwardly off the valve seat from the seated position to permit fluid flow through the seat in the opposite direction and movable through the seat to a channel open condition after a preselected fluid pressure has been exerted on the ball in a direction to move the ball from the ball seated position and through the valve seat.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 1990
    Date of Patent: June 4, 1991
    Assignee: Boart International Limited
    Inventor: David Stanley Williams
  • Patent number: 4979577
    Abstract: Flow pulsing apparatus is adapted to be connected in a drill string above a drill bit. The apparatus includes a housing providing a passage for a flow of drilling fluid toward the bit. A valve which oscillates in the axial direction of the drill string periodically restricts the flow through the passage to create pulsations in the flow and a cyclical water hammer effect thereby to vibrate the housing and the drill bit during use. Drill bit induced longitudinal vibrations in the drill string can be used to generate the oscillation of the valve along the axis of the drill string to effect the periodic restriction of the flow or, in another form of the invention, a special valve and spring arrangement is used to help produce the desired oscillating action and the desired flow pulsing action.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 1989
    Date of Patent: December 25, 1990
    Assignee: Intech International, Inc.
    Inventor: Bruno H. Walter
  • Patent number: 4832138
    Abstract: To control the locking of a cable boring corer (1), a control device (30) is used, comprising a deflecting casing (33), a sleeve (31) and a piston (32), which are movable in relation to the deflecting casing (33). The piston (32) is able to be rendered integral in a lower position, under hydraulic pressure, with the sleeve (31) by a finger (43). When the hydraulic pressure is released, the sleeve (31), which is integral with the piston (32), is brought into an upper position which allows the circulation of a boring liquid through the deflecting casing (33) towards a boring crown (4).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 29, 1988
    Date of Patent: May 23, 1989
    Assignee: Diamant Boart S.A.
    Inventor: Charles Pierre Hallez
  • Patent number: 4452321
    Abstract: A device in core drilling for indicating when a core barrel placed in a rotatable hollow drill rod is no longer capable of receiving a further quantity of reamed-out core material includes a valve which at said condition of the barrel constricts the passage for flushing medium flowing between the core barrel and the bore of the drill rod so that a readable flushing medium pressure increase occurs. The valve closes off said passage incompletely to allow a minor quantity of flushing medium to be taken to the drill bit mounted at the bottom of the drill rod, thereby to prevent said drill bit from being burnt out.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 5, 1981
    Date of Patent: June 5, 1984
    Assignee: Craelius AB
    Inventor: Sune W. Eriksson
  • Patent number: 4406335
    Abstract: Special circulation subs mostly consist of an outer barrel which is provided in a cross-sectional plane with three circulation ports, which ports are closed during normal operation of the sub by means of a movable sleeve. The movement of such a sleeve is operated by steel or hard rubber balls which are pumped down the drill string.In many cases it is desirable to be able not only to open the sub, but also to close it again. This is achieved by providing a spring loaded inner sleeve. That inner sleeve has a groove at its outer periphery to receive a plurality, preferably three balls which are adapted to cooperate via openings in the sleeve with two grooves in the outer barrel. Closing of the sub can be caused by a return sleeve, also controlled by a plurality of balls and a spring, located underneath the sleeve.A special embodiment is characterized by a helical groove in the inner surface of a port sleeve.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 20, 1981
    Date of Patent: September 27, 1983
    Inventor: Nick Koot
  • Patent number: 4331207
    Abstract: This device, positioned above the drill bit, comprises a body provided with an axial bore communicating with the drill string and distribution means, controlling the direction of flow of the flushing fluid, slidably mounted in said bore and having two positions. This distribution means can be shifted from a first to a second position and vice-versa by a succession of fluid supply periods separated by periods of interruption of the fluid supply.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 28, 1979
    Date of Patent: May 25, 1982
    Assignee: Institut Francais du Petrole
    Inventor: Yvon Castel
  • Patent number: 4298077
    Abstract: An in-hole fluid motor has a stator connected with a fluid conduit and a rotor connected with a drive shaft for a bit to drill a bore hole as drilling fluid is circulated through the conduit and the stator, the fluid returning through the bore hole annulus to the top of the bore hole. A circulation valve between the stator and the fluid conduit is opened by the flow of fluid through the valve to by-pass the stator and allow flow of fluid into the annulus. The circulation valve is incorporated in a structure which allows the conduit to fill and dump during lowering in and removal from the fluid in the bore hole.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 11, 1979
    Date of Patent: November 3, 1981
    Assignee: Smith International, Inc.
    Inventor: Maurice M. Emery
  • Patent number: 4258803
    Abstract: Core barrel apparatus for obtaining and retrieving sealed core samples of subterranean formations are disclosed. The core barrel comprises a sample chamber for receiving a core sample as it is formed at the bottom of a bore hole and an expansion chamber for receiving sample fluids. The expansion chamber comprises a cylinder having a movable sealing member therein adapted to movably seal the expansion chamber. The volume of the expansion chamber is determined by the position of the sealing member in the cylinder, movement of the sealing member changing the volume of the expansion chamber. The sample chamber and expansion chamber are selectively connected to one another by means of a seal therebetween. The expansion chamber is sealed closed by the sealing member at one end and said seal at the other end while the sample is being cut and received within the sample chamber. Thereafter, the lower portion of the sample chamber is sealed by a flap-valve and the expansion chamber is opened to the sample chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 21, 1978
    Date of Patent: March 31, 1981
    Assignee: American Coldset Corporation
    Inventors: Charles M. Thompson, Charles T. Thompson
  • Patent number: 4142594
    Abstract: Core barrel apparatus and a method for obtaining and retrieving sealed core samples of subterranean formations are disclosed. The core barrel apparatus comprises inner and outer core barrels. The upper portion of the outer core barrel is adapted to be connected to a drill string. A core bit for cutting a core sample is mounted on the lower portion of the outer core barrels. The inner core barrel comprises a sample chamber for receiving a core sample as it is formed at the bottom of a bore hole and an expansion chamber for receiving sample fluids. The sample chamber and expansion chamber are selectively connected to one another. The expansion chamber is sealed closed while the sample is being cut and received within the sample chamber. The lower portion of the sample chamber adjacent the core bit is sealed by a flap-valve which includes a flexible flap member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 6, 1977
    Date of Patent: March 6, 1979
    Assignee: American Coldset Corporation
    Inventors: Charles M. Thompson, Charles W. Spehrley, Charles T. Thompson
  • Patent number: 4057118
    Abstract: A bit packer for use with a string of dual concentric drill pipe, having inner and outer tubular members concentrically arranged to mate with the inner and outer pipes of the drill string to provide an annular conduit for fluid from surface to bit and a central conduit for fluid and cuttings from bit to surface, is particularly characterized by flexible packing means mounted slidably and rotatably on the outer tubular member. The packing means deform against the hole wall to seal the annular space between the outer member and the hole wall. Upper and lower ports provide fluid communication between the annular conduit and the annular space; when the packer is moved downwardly in the hole the packing means slides upwardly to close the upper port and open the lower port; when the packer is moved upwardly in the hole, the converse occurs. A milling collar is provided above the packing means.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 2, 1975
    Date of Patent: November 8, 1977
    Assignee: Walker-Neer Manufacturing Co., Inc.
    Inventor: George Alan Ford
  • Patent number: 3997009
    Abstract: Apparatus is disclosed wherein a tubular body connectible in a drill string and having a float valve arranged therein to normally close the string, as the string is lowered into a well bore, is provided with a plurality of ports connecting its bore above the float valve with its exterior, and valve means for movement from a position normally closing to a position opening the ports when the exterior fluid pressure exceeds the fluid pressure in the bore above the float valve by a predetermined amount.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 1975
    Date of Patent: December 14, 1976
    Assignee: Engineering Enterprises Inc.
    Inventor: Fred K. Fox
  • Patent number: 3978932
    Abstract: Large-diameter, undisturbed soil core samples were obtained from a variety of soils. Handling and fracturing of the undisturbed soil cores were minimized by encasing the cores in heat-shrinkable plastic tubes during sampling operations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 28, 1975
    Date of Patent: September 7, 1976
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of Agriculture
    Inventor: Lloyd N. Mielke
  • Patent number: 3949819
    Abstract: A device for taking soil samples from a hole drilled in the ground by another tool, and for drilling shallow holes. The device comprises a pneumatic impact mechanism rigidly connected with a soil sampling socket provided with an appliance for holding the soil sample in the socket when the latter is being extracted from the hole. This appliance is made in the form of an elastic inflatable element which, being inflated with compressed gas, covers completely the inner cross-sectional area of the socket, thus making it possible to take complete and high-quality samples irrespective of the type and condition of the soil.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 10, 1974
    Date of Patent: April 13, 1976
    Inventor: Evgeny Ivanovich Tanov