Fluid-actuated Patents (Class 175/250)
  • Patent number: 10597963
    Abstract: A core catcher for a coring tool comprises a sleeve comprising a longitudinal axis and at least one slit extending at least partially along a height of the sleeve between an upper end and a lower end thereof. The at least one slit separates a first side surface and a second side surface of the sleeve. The first and second side surfaces are located a first distance and a second distance from the longitudinal axis, respectively, measured in a direction transverse to the longitudinal axis. The core catcher further comprises a bridging element extending at least partially about a sleeve perimeter. The bridging element operatively couples movement of the first side surface and the second side surface to limit a difference between the first and second distances as a width of the at least one slit that separates the first side surface and the second side surface increases or decreases.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 26, 2018
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2020
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Oilfield Operations LLC
    Inventors: Phil Kordex, Thomas Uhlenberg, Christoph Wesemeier
  • Patent number: 10381899
    Abstract: The present application provides a sidewall coring structure directly driven by an electric motor comprising a drill bit, an electric motor and a speed reducer, the electric motor and the speed reducer are an integrated structure and the drill bit is directly connected to an output of the speed reducer. The coring structure directly drives the drill bit through an integrated structure of the speed reducer and the electric motor; its transmission efficiency is greatly improved, meanwhile the coring structure is more simplified, with improved reliability, easier maintenance and reduced maintenance cost.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 13, 2019
    Assignees: CHINA NATIONAL OFFSHORE OIL CORPORATION, CHINA OILFIELD SERVICES LIMITED
    Inventors: Yongren Feng, Jibin Zou, Jian Li
  • Patent number: 9340951
    Abstract: An apparatus for collecting surface seabed sediment. A cylindrical cover part is connected to a trigger, has an open bottom end, and has a position maintaining part disposed therein. A holder part is coupled with the position maintaining part, and has a longitudinal hollow space defined therein. A pipe-shaped sediment collecting part is detachably coupled at one end with a bottom end of the cover part, and has a receiving space defined therein, such that seabed sediment is accommodated within the receiving space. A head part is disposed at one end thereof on the other end of the sediment collecting part, has a hollow space defined therein, and has an insert blade on a periphery. A catcher part is disposed on an inner circumference of the head part, and allows seabed sediment to enter the receiving space of the sediment collecting part while preventing the collected sediment from being lost.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 14, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 17, 2016
    Assignee: KOREA INSTITUTE OF GEOSCIENCE & MINERAL RESOURCES
    Inventor: In Kwon Um
  • Publication number: 20150021097
    Abstract: Methods of compensating pressure differences between interiors and exteriors of inner barrels of coring tools may involve advancing a coring tool into a wellbore, the coring tool comprising an inner barrel for receiving a core sample cut by the coring tool, a first fluid being sealed within the inner barrel. A second fluid may flow along an exterior of the inner barrel. A pressure difference between the first fluid and the second fluid may be reduced. A volume occupied by the first fluid may be compressed by moving a compensating member. The volume occupied by the first fluid may be expanded by moving the compensating member.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 17, 2014
    Publication date: January 22, 2015
    Inventors: Christoph Wesemeier, Thomas Uhlenberg
  • Publication number: 20130240267
    Abstract: The present invention regards a method for performing core sampling during drilling of wells, comprising the steps of providing a dual bore drill pipe with drill bit in the end in the well bore, providing means to introduce a drill liquid into an annular space of the drill pipe and return it together with drill cuttings to the surface through centrally arranged return line in the dual bore drill pipe, removing larger cuttings at outlet of return pipe, and perform core testing on these cuttings, knowing where the cuttings come from in the well. The invention also regards a device for performing the invention.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 15, 2011
    Publication date: September 19, 2013
    Applicant: REELWELL AS
    Inventors: Jostein Aleksandersen, Ove Hole
  • Publication number: 20130146365
    Abstract: A core barrel head assembly positionable within a drill string of a drilling apparatus. The core barrel head assembly includes an upper latch body having a latch assembly for engageably latching the drill string and a reduced diametric portion below the latch assembly for receiving a seal member. The reduced diametric portion has a lower coupling portion on a bottom portion thereof. The head assembly also includes a lower latch body including an upper coupling portion on a top portion thereof, and a coupler for removably coupling the upper latch body to the lower latch body. The seal member is installable on and removable from the reduced diametric portion upon uncoupling the upper latch body from the lower latch body. The head assembly is quickly reconfigurable between surface and pump in/underground configurations. Core barrel outer tube components also do not require reconfiguring between these two configurations.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 30, 2010
    Publication date: June 13, 2013
    Inventors: Patrick Salvador, Dennis Groulx, Paul Lambert
  • Patent number: 8233289
    Abstract: A multilayer wiring substrate of the present invention has a laminated structure composed of conductor layers and resin insulating layers stacked alternately. A plurality of surface connection terminals to which terminals of a chip component are to be surface-connected are formed on a main face of the laminated structure. A plurality of via conductors connected to the plurality of surface connection terminals are formed in the resin insulating layers. Each of the plurality of surface connection terminals has a structure in which a copper layer, a nickel layer, and a gold layer are stacked in this sequence. The gold layer is larger in diameter than at least the copper layer. The gold layer has an overhanging portion which extends radially outward from a circumference of the copper layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 16, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 31, 2012
    Assignee: NGK Spark Plug Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Shinnosuke Maeda, Toshiya Asano, Takuya Hando
  • Patent number: 7234547
    Abstract: A sponge core barrel for use in performing sponge coring and methods of assembling the sponge core barrel, as well as methods of performing sponge coring. The sponge core barrel includes an outer barrel assembly, a core bit secured to a lower end thereof, and an inner barrel assembly disposed therein. The inner barrel assembly may comprise multiple, sponge-lined inner tube sections and may also include a near-bit swivel assembly. The sponge core barrel may include a piston assembly configured to be released by contact with a core sample without imparting high compressive forces to the core. The sponge core barrel may also include a pressure compensation mechanism and, optionally, a thermal compensation mechanism cooperatively configured to maintain the pressure of presaturation fluid. The sponge core barrel may also include a valve assembly enabling the make-up and presaturation of multiple, sections of inner tube to form a single, continuous chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 9, 2006
    Date of Patent: June 26, 2007
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: Luc Van Puymbroeck, Bob T. Wilson, Holger Stibbe, Hallvard S. Hatloy
  • Patent number: 7231991
    Abstract: A sponge core barrel is disclosed for use in performing sponge coring and methods of assembling the sponge core barrel, as well as methods of performing sponge coring. The sponge core barrel includes an outer barrel assembly, a core bit secured to a lower end thereof, and an inner barrel assembly disposed therein. The inner barrel assembly may comprise multiple, sponge-lined inner tube sections and may also include a near-bit swivel assembly. The sponge core barrel may include a piston assembly configured to be released by contact with a core sample without imparting high compressive forces to the core. The sponge core barrel may also include a pressure compensation mechanism and, optionally, a thermal compensation mechanism cooperatively configured to maintain the pressure of presaturation fluid. The sponge core barrel may also include a valve assembly enabling the make-up and presaturation of multiple sections of inner tube to form a single, continuous chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 2006
    Date of Patent: June 19, 2007
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: Luc Van Puymbroeck, Bob T. Wilson, Holger Stibbe, Hallvard S. Hatloy
  • Patent number: 7004265
    Abstract: A sponge core barrel for use in performing sponge coring and methods of assembling the sponge core barrel, as well as methods of performing sponge coring. The sponge core barrel includes an outer barrel assembly, a core bit secured to a lower end thereof, and an inner barrel assembly disposed therein. The inner barrel assembly may comprise multiple, sponge-lined inner tube sections and may also include a near-bit swivel assembly. The sponge core barrel may include a piston assembly configured to be released by contact with a core sample without imparting high compressive forces to the core. The sponge core barrel may also include a pressure compensation mechanism and, optionally, a thermal compensation mechanism cooperatively configured to maintain the pressure of presaturation fluid. The sponge core barrel may also include a valve assembly enabling the make-up and presaturation of multiple, sections of inner tube to form a single, continuous chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 14, 2005
    Date of Patent: February 28, 2006
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: Luc Van Puymbroeck, Bob T. Wilson, Holger Stibbe, Hallvard S. Hatloy
  • Patent number: 6719070
    Abstract: A sponge core barrel for use in performing sponge coring and methods of assembling the sponge core barrel, as well as methods of performing sponge coring. The sponge core barrel includes an outer barrel assembly, a core bit secured to a lower end thereof, and an inner barrel assembly disposed therein. The inner barrel assembly may comprise multiple, sponge-lined inner tube sections and may also include a near-bit swivel assembly. The sponge core barrel may include a piston assembly configured to be released by contact with a core sample without imparting high compressive forces to the core. The sponge core barrel may also include a pressure compensation mechanism and, optionally, a thermal compensation mechanism cooperatively configured to maintain the pressure of presaturation fluid. The sponge core barrel may also include a valve assembly enabling the make-up and presaturation of multiple sections of inner tube to form a single, continuous chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 14, 2000
    Date of Patent: April 13, 2004
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: Luc Van Puymbroeck, Bob T. Wilson, Holger Stibbe, Hallvard S. Hatloy
  • Patent number: 6644424
    Abstract: The invention concerns a core barrel, in particular for oil exploration, comprising a string, an external tube (2) fixed at the front end of the string, a core bit mounted on a front section (3A) of the external tube, and an internal tube assembly (8) mounted in the external tube and comprising hydrodynamic means transforming a core sampling line pressure into a load thrusting said assembly towards the core barrel front, the front section of the external tube being mounted axially sliding, limited by front and rear stop elements (12A, 12P), in a rear section (3P) of the same external tube to project therefrom longitudinally, the assembly comprising a support stop (14) arranged to thrust selectively forward the front section of the external tube, means being arranged between the inner tube (9) proper and said front section such that the latter can be driven in rotation about its longitudinal axis independently of said internal tube, a motor (7) capable of driving the core bit in rotation relative to the string
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 14, 2001
    Date of Patent: November 11, 2003
    Assignee: Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.
    Inventor: Philippe Fanuel
  • Patent number: 6505693
    Abstract: An apparatus for taking a soil sample includes a drill pipe, a first driving gear for introducing the drill pipe into the soil, a sampling bush which movably fits into the drill pipe and a second driving gear for introducing the sampling bush into the soil.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 10, 2001
    Date of Patent: January 14, 2003
    Assignee: Fugro Engineers B.V.
    Inventors: Peter N. Looijen, Herman M. Zuidberg
  • Patent number: 6394192
    Abstract: A method of acquiring a core sample of seabed material into a core sampling tube having an upper end, a lower open end and a substantially cylindrical chamber extending therebetween, comprising the steps of urging the core sampling tube into the seabed and simultaneously withdrawing fluid from the upper end of the core sampling tube at a rate sufficient to cause the seabed material to be drawn into the core tube at substantially the same rate as the core tube penetrates the seabed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 15, 2000
    Date of Patent: May 28, 2002
    Assignee: Benthic GeoTech Pty Ltd
    Inventor: Hugh Ivo Frazer
  • Patent number: 6394196
    Abstract: A double-tube core drill wherein the inner tube (2) is connected to the outer tube (1) by a multi-element needle and/or ball bearing (11), allows for the inner tube (2) to be made rigid and prevents it from rotating along with the outer tube (1). The extraction device (9) and the inner wall (38) of the tube are preferably covered with an antifriction coating. A set of stabilizing elements (67) are spread along the outer tube to stabilize the inner tube (2). Said inner tube has a tapered shoe (32) provided with a lower bevelled lip (14). The drill also comprises a device for indicating that the core has jammed in the inner tube (2) and a sealing device (19) designed to receive a ball (46) provided for sealing the inner tube (2) of said core drill.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 17, 2000
    Date of Patent: May 28, 2002
    Assignee: Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.
    Inventors: Philippe Fanuel, Philippe Cravatte, Olivier Lefevre
  • Patent number: 6145604
    Abstract: Core machine intended particularly to the oil prospection field, comprising a core crown (2), an external tube (3) for the rotational driving of the core crown (2), and an internal tube (4) having a free front end element (7) intended to receive a core (5), and a revolution surface (8) of the free end element (7) on the crown side (2), arranged to cooperate with an internal surface (9) thereof, or optionally of the external tube (3), so as to adjust between the two a predetermined passage for the core drilling fluid, the free end element (7) being mounted in the core drilling machine (1) so as to slide coaxially on an extremity section (13) of the internal tube (4), between a position wherein the revolution surface (8) is in contact with the internal surface (9) of the crown (2), or respectively of the external tube (3), and an extreme position away from said internal surface (9).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 4, 1998
    Date of Patent: November 14, 2000
    Assignee: Dresser Industries, Inc.
    Inventor: Pascal Bartette
  • Patent number: 6116358
    Abstract: A core sampler, particularly for use in oil prospecting, including a flexible movable ring (5), provided in particular at the front end (2) of the core sampler, which end is connected to a coring bit (3), for grasping a core sample (C) to be brought to the surface. The ring has a cylindrical internal surface (6) to be clamped around the core sample (C), and a frustoconical external surface (7) tapering towards the front end (2). In the end or starting position, the ring (5) is exposed to zero or minimal strain from the bearing surface (12) and has an internal diameter no smaller than the outer diameter of the core sample (C) to be grasped. The core sampler (1) comprises control mechanism for longitudinally moving the movable ring (5) from the end starting position to an end clamping position. A flexible sleeve (15) is advantageously substantially coaxial with the movable ring (5) and engages the side thereof opposite the front end (2) of the core sampler (1).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 14, 1998
    Date of Patent: September 12, 2000
    Assignee: Baroid Technology, Inc.
    Inventor: Philippe Fanuel
  • Patent number: 6009960
    Abstract: A coring assembly comprising a body securable at its upper end to a mandrel add at its lower end to a core catcher housing, a ball sleeve slidably disposed about said mandrel and moveable between a first and a second position, a ball closure valve disposed in said body and moveable with said mandrel between the first and second position, the combination operable to remotely cut and collect a loosely consolidated core sample.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 27, 1998
    Date of Patent: January 4, 2000
    Assignee: Diamond Products International, Inc.
    Inventors: Curtis E. Leitko, Jr., Clarence D. Edmonson, Gary W. Clemens, Terry P. Clifton
  • Patent number: 5592994
    Abstract: There is provided a wire line core drilling apparatus including an elongated assembly which is hydraulically propelled along the interior of a drill string to a desired location adjacent the bit end of the drill string under the influence of a moving pressurized liquid within the drill string, characterized in that said elongated assembly is provided with an annular cup seal having a flexible annular lip thereon which expands radially outwardly under the influence of liquid pressure thereon to substantially prevent by-pass of the pressurized liquid between the elongated assembly and the interior wall of the drill string and which annular lip is capable of expanding and contracting as said assembly moves along the drill string interior to accommodate reasonable fluctuations in drill string interior diameter which may be encountered.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 18, 1995
    Date of Patent: January 14, 1997
    Assignee: JKS Boyles International Inc.
    Inventors: Irvin J. Laporte, Amos J. Watkins
  • Patent number: 5487433
    Abstract: An assembly for dispensing a core separator ring on the top of a previously-cut core that is ejected from a core-cutting bit in a storage bin. The core separator assembly is integral with the forward end of the core ejector system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 17, 1995
    Date of Patent: January 30, 1996
    Assignee: Westers Atlas International Inc.
    Inventors: Bruce W. Mackay, Abbas Arian
  • Patent number: 5411106
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for acquiring a plurality of sidewall cores from an earth formation intersected by a wellbore while a coring tool is located downhole. A sidewall coring tool is provided having an internal core receptacle for receiving and storing sidewall cores in serial orientation. The coring tool incorporates a movable bit box providing rotary support and linear coring and retracting movement of a rotary coring bit. A bit box tilting and rotation actuator is incorporated within the coring tool for achieving breaking at the core sample from the formation and for selectively positioning of the bit box and rotary coring bit at a coring position where the bit is oriented in normal relation with the axis of the wellbore and a core ejecting position where the rotary coring bit is positioned in registry with the internal core receptacle for deposit of cores in serially oriented relation therein.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 1993
    Date of Patent: May 2, 1995
    Assignee: Western Atlas International, Inc.
    Inventors: Jacques Maissa, Marcelo F. Civarolo, Derryl G. Schroeder
  • Patent number: 5253720
    Abstract: The invention is a coring device which has features to seal off from the well fluids prior to taking of the specimen. The apparatus can be hydraulically or pneumatically actuated to move an inner string which is connected to a core barrel. Prior to moving the core barrel, an outer tube is sealingly pushed into the formation. Once the outer tube has been set into the formation, the inner tube drives the core barrel into the formation, leaving behind a rabbit. A clam shell is located at the forward end which stays open as the core barrel is driven into the formation and closes as the core barrel is withdrawn into the outer tube to retain the core. The pneumatic or hydraulic pressure continues to be applied to the inner string as the core barrel is withdrawn into the outer tube. Upon full retraction of the core barrel into the outer tube, a ball valve is actuated to seal off the core barrel. At that time, the hydraulic or pneumatic pressure is removed and the apparatus is pulled to the surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 13, 1991
    Date of Patent: October 19, 1993
    Assignee: Energy Ventures, Inc.
    Inventors: Steven R. Radford, Haraldur Karlsson, James T. Aumann
  • Patent number: 5038873
    Abstract: The present invention comprises a drilling tool including a retractable pilot drilling unit driven by a fluid operated motor, the motor comprising a stator mounted on the interior of a tubular outer housing and a rotor mounted on the exterior of a tubular inner housing axially supported in said outer housing and rotationally free with respect thereto. The pilot drilling unit is rotationally fixed within the inner housing, but axially moveable therewithin so that pressure of drilling fluid used to drive the motor will also act on reaction surfaces of the pilot drilling unit to urge it axially forward. The top of the pilot drilling unit includes a fishing head for retracting the pilot drilling unit from the drilling tool, and reinserting it therein.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 12, 1990
    Date of Patent: August 13, 1991
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventor: Rainer Jurgens
  • Patent number: 4887676
    Abstract: The invention relates to a device for closing, without a surge, one end of a core barrel installed in a mining or oil drilling rig, optionally equipped with a turbine.This device comprises a tubular element in whose bore there is guided a sliding member which provides a passage for the drilling liquid under pressure, this sliding member being movable in the above-mentioned bore under the influence of a variation in the flow of drilling liquid between a first position in which it keeps a closing member such as a ball remote from a seat provided at the above-mentioned end of the core barrel and, when it has engaged in the second section of the bore allows the closing element to be held in the first section of the bore, and a second position in which it allows the closing element to pass from the first section of the bore into the second section thereof and to place itself on the seat of the core barrel when the sliding member returns to its starting position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 14, 1988
    Date of Patent: December 19, 1989
    Assignee: Diamant Boart Societe Anonyme
    Inventor: Charles P. Hallez
  • Patent number: 4875531
    Abstract: A core drilling tool with direct drive consisting of an outer pipe that can be connected to a drilling shaft, a core drilling appliance reciprocally mountable in the outer pipe which in turn includes a core barrel that carries a drill bit and an inner pipe mounted in rotatable relation therewith and for reciprocal movement therewith, and a drilling mud driven motor that is integrally coupled to the core drilling appliance and is secured against rotation in the outer pipe and having reaction faces that are put under pressure to produce a downward axial feed force acting on both the core drilling appliance and the motor, plus a capture device for pulling up the motor together with the core drilling appliance. In order to produce a sufficiently great axial feed force of an adjustable size that is essentially independent of the exposure of the core drilling appliance, the motor is connected to the core drilling appliance to form a common movable unit and devices are provided for adjusting the axial feed force.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 25, 1988
    Date of Patent: October 24, 1989
    Assignee: Eastman Christensen Company
    Inventors: Johann Biehl, Alfred Ostertag
  • Patent number: 4834198
    Abstract: Core barrel apparatus that includes an inner tube assembly that may fall under gravity or be fluidly propelled through a drill string to the bit end thereof for being retained at the bit end by latches and being retractable by an overshot assembly. The inner tube assembly includes an annular seal portion for forming a fluid seal with the drill string and a fluid by-pass channel with valving mechanism extending therein to permit outward flow but block inward flow while the inner tube assembly is being fluidly propelled inwardly. The inner tube assembly also includes control mechanism to prevent the valving mechanism being moved to permit significant inward flow through the channel only after fluid pressure has been applied to the inner tube assembly at the bit end of the drill string, the latches have moved to their latch seat engaging position and then inward fluid pressure has been significantly decreased.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 1988
    Date of Patent: May 30, 1989
    Assignee: Longyear Company
    Inventor: Terrence L. Thompson
  • Patent number: 4664205
    Abstract: An axial bore is defined throughout the hydraulic lift inner barrel. This axial bore is communicated with the interior of the inner tube thereby allowing the interior of the inner tube to be flushed prior to initiation of the coring operation. When the coring operation is begun, flow of drilling fluid to the interior of the inner tube is prevented by allowing a ball dropped within the drill string to seat within a plug through which the communicating axial bore is defined. Once the flow of drilling fluid to the interior of the inner tube is stopped, the coring operation can begin. After the coring operation is completed, a second ball is dropped and allowed to seat within an inner mandrel through which the axial bore of the coring tool is also defined. Once the axial bore of the inner mandrel is closed, drilling fluid is forced into an expansion chamber within a telescopic piston disposed circumferentially outside of the inner mandrel. The piston is connected to the inner tube.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 11, 1985
    Date of Patent: May 12, 1987
    Assignee: Norton Christensen, Inc.
    Inventors: Kelly Knighton, J. Stanley Davis, Steven R. Radford
  • Patent number: 4651835
    Abstract: An improved core catcher for use within a coring tool is provided by shaping the lower portion of the core catcher so as to form a collapsible lower section. The collapsible lower section is structurally collapsed as the core catcher is longitudinally displaced within the coring tool to exert a radially compressive force against the core and to thereby seize the core and retain it within the coring tool. In one embodiment, the collapsible lower section is resilient so that it collapses and after operation resumes its original configuration for reuse. In another embodiment, the collapsible lower section is crushable and is therefore not reusable after the first use. The reusable core catcher is devised by providing the lower section of the core catcher with a plurality of thin slots appropriately aligned and extending through the lower section of the core catcher.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 1, 1984
    Date of Patent: March 24, 1987
    Assignee: Eastman Christensen Company
    Inventor: John S. Davis
  • Patent number: 4606416
    Abstract: A core spring type core catcher and a full closure core catcher are completely concealed from the core within a coring tool. The full closure catcher is reliably actuated to assume a closed configuration without dependence upon gravity or an interference diametrical fit with the core by use of a cam ring which is longitudinally displaced downwardly within the core barrel by a preloaded compression spring. The full closure core catcher is comprised of a plurality of flapper valves circumferentially disposed outside of the inner tube and concealed by the inner tube or a terminal extension of the inner tube. Disposed above the plurality of flapper valves, and also circumferentially disposed outside of and concentric with the inner tube is a cam ring. Similarly circumferentially disposed outside of and concentric with the inner tube is a preloaded coil compression spring bearing against the cam ring. The cam ring in turn is in sliding contact with a rear surface of each one of the plurality of flapper valves.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 31, 1984
    Date of Patent: August 19, 1986
    Assignee: Norton Christensen, Inc.
    Inventors: Kelly Knighton, J. Stanley Davis, Steven R. Radford
  • Patent number: 4605075
    Abstract: A fragmented or unconsolidated core can be cut and retained within a coring tool without substantial disturbance of the core by the use of a shrouded core catcher. A core catcher is concentrically disposed within the coring tool and outside of a smooth, cylindrical sleeve telescopically disposed inside of the core catcher. The core catcher in turn is coupled to a lower assembly which can be selectively longitudinally fixed within the coring tool, but which is otherwise temporarily coupled to the sleeve. As the sleeve is longitudinally pulled upward after the completion of the coring operation, the lower assembly becomes longitudinally fixed within the coring tool and the sleeve, which heretofore has fully covered and concealed the core catcher, begins to be withdrawn from the core catcher, leaving it unconcealed. Ultimately, the core catcher is at least partially uncovered, thereby permitting activation and contact between the core catcher and the core disposed within the coring tool.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 31, 1984
    Date of Patent: August 12, 1986
    Assignee: Norton Christensen, Inc.
    Inventors: Steven R. Radford, J. Stanley Davis
  • Patent number: 4603749
    Abstract: Downward displacement of an inner tube with respect to the outer tube in a coring tool is effectuated by an apparatus comprising a bearing assembly, a cylinder, a piston telescopically disposed within the cylinder, and a mechanism for selectively applying an hydraulic force to the piston. The bearing assembly is longitudinally fixed with respect to the outer tube while providing rotational freedom with respect to the outer tube. A cylinder is axially disposed within the coring tool, is connected to the bearing assembly, and hence is rotationally free with respect to the outer tube. The piston, which is telescopically disposed within a cylinder, is downwardly longitudinally displaceable within the cylinder, and hence with respect to the outer tube. A mechanism is incorporated within the coring tool for selectively applying a hydraulic force to the piston in order to longitudinally displace the piston downwardly within the cylinder.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 1984
    Date of Patent: August 5, 1986
    Assignee: Norton Christensen, Inc.
    Inventors: J. Stanley Davis, Steven R. Radford
  • Patent number: 4553613
    Abstract: An automatically operable hydraulic lift inner barrel is devised to lift the inner tube of the core barrel on a drill string. An inner mandrel is axially disposed within the outer tube of the coring tool. An outer piston which is selectively locked to the inner mandrel is telescopically and concentrically disposed about the inner mandrel. Fluid is selectively diverted from the outer tube into the inner mandrel and inside the outer piston. An inner locking piston within the inner mandrel responds to the hydraulic pressure to unlock the outer piston from the inner mandrel. The outer piston is then longitudinally displaced by the hydraulic pressure thereby lifting the inner tube which is connected to it. After the outer piston has moved a predetermined distance, the hydraulic pressure supplied to the inner mandrel and inside the outer piston reaches a second predetermined magnitude. Burst disks are then blown thereby relieving the hydraulic pressure within the outer piston inner mandrel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 9, 1983
    Date of Patent: November 19, 1985
    Assignee: Norton Christensen, Inc.
    Inventor: Steven R. Radford
  • Patent number: 4552229
    Abstract: A mechanism for catching and holding a core within an inner tube in a drill string includes a slidable core catcher and a full closure core catcher. The slidable core catcher is disposed within the inner tube and is coupled to an inner tube ring concentrically mounted on the outside of the inner tube. The inner tube ring and the slidable core catcher are connected to each other by means of a shear pin slidable within a slot defined in the inner tube. An outer tube ring is connected to the outer tube concentrically disposed about the inner tube. When the outer tube ring contacts the inner tube ring as the inner tube is lifted, the inner tube ring is moved downwardly with respect to the inner tube, thereby pulling the core catcher with it. As the core catcher moves downwardly it is compressed by an inside conical surface provided near the end of the inner tube. This serves to effectuate operation of the slideable core catcher.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 9, 1983
    Date of Patent: November 12, 1985
    Assignee: Norton Christensen, Inc.
    Inventors: Steven R. Radford, Craig R. Hyland
  • Patent number: 4545432
    Abstract: A wash-over type down hole retrieving device or fishing tool is described, consisting of a hollow cylindrical body having an open lower end. The body has concentric inner and outer walls, defining an annular space in which an annular piston can force down an annular sleeve of a malleable alloy having downwardly extending finger-like formations. The inside of the lower end of the outer wall is of cupped configuration effective to deflect the fingers inwards and over the open end of the body so as to trap and retain an object for retrieval. The annular piston is forced down hydraulically by dropping a diverter ball valve. Cutting teeth are optionally provided on the outer periphery of the lower end of the outer wall, on a detachable shoe.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 9, 1985
    Date of Patent: October 8, 1985
    Inventor: Robert P. Appleton
  • Patent number: 4518050
    Abstract: The present invention provides disclosure of a core sampler that includes a rotatably extending outer barrel containing a relatively non-rotating core barrel which is extendable with the outer barrel in response to drilling mud pressure into the material to be cored by a mud turbine which rotates the outer barrel. The core sampler may be run in and out of a drill string on a wire line.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 1983
    Date of Patent: May 21, 1985
    Assignee: Chevron Research Company
    Inventors: Steinar Sollie, Arild A. Andresen
  • Patent number: 4518051
    Abstract: The present invention provides a percussion actuated wire line sampler for use in a drill string. The sampler includes a core barrel adapted to be inserted into the drill string and to be freely movable therein. A hydraulic percussion device (16) also insertable and freely movable in the drill string is connected to the core barrel. A downhole mud turbine (20) is provided and is responsive to drilling mud pressure to actuate the percussion device to drive the core barrel out of the end of the drill string into the material to be sampled.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 1983
    Date of Patent: May 21, 1985
    Assignee: Chevron Research Company
    Inventors: Steinar Sollie, Arilo A. Andresen
  • Patent number: 4014393
    Abstract: An apparatus for coupling to the base of a vertically suspended core barrel inside a drilling rig for controllably receiving intact the columnar mass of core material contained therein. A tubular housing is provided for connecting to the barrel and includes a piston element slidably positioned therein for abutting engagement with and underlying support of the core sample to be received from the barrel. The piston element includes expandable side walls adapted for frictional engagement with the side walls of the tubular housing. Control means are provided for controlling the expansion of the piston walls, the resultant friction produced therealong and the preferred rate of movement of the core into the tubular housing under the force of gravity. The construction of the tubular housing permits the core received therein to be retained in its original extracted condition while facilitating the handling, subsequent examination and analysis thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 8, 1976
    Date of Patent: March 29, 1977
    Assignee: Sun Oil Company
    Inventor: Wilber M. Hensel, Jr.
  • Patent number: 3949819
    Abstract: A device for taking soil samples from a hole drilled in the ground by another tool, and for drilling shallow holes. The device comprises a pneumatic impact mechanism rigidly connected with a soil sampling socket provided with an appliance for holding the soil sample in the socket when the latter is being extracted from the hole. This appliance is made in the form of an elastic inflatable element which, being inflated with compressed gas, covers completely the inner cross-sectional area of the socket, thus making it possible to take complete and high-quality samples irrespective of the type and condition of the soil.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 10, 1974
    Date of Patent: April 13, 1976
    Inventor: Evgeny Ivanovich Tanov