Of Boring Means Including A Below-ground Drive Prime Mover Patents (Class 175/26)
  • Patent number: 9784088
    Abstract: Bottom-hole pressure operating envelops for underbalanced drilling take into account the lithologies of the formations being drilled through.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 10, 2017
    Inventors: Robello Samuel, Gabriela M Morales-Ocando, Aniket Aniket
  • Patent number: 9784086
    Abstract: Disclosed is a method for extracting shale oil and gas by fracturing, and chemical retorting in oil shale in-situ horizontal well and a process for implementing the method. In the method and process, an inclined well is drilled from the ground to the upper part of an underground oil shale stratum, and a horizontal well is drilled in parallel to the oil shale stratum in the upper part of the oil shale stratum. Behind the horizontal well and the inclined well in the upper part, an inclined well leading to the lower part of the oil shale stratum is drilled, and a horizontal well is drilled in parallel to the lower part of the oil shale stratum. Highly pressurized media are injected into the horizontal well in the upper part of the oil shale stratum.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 4, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 10, 2017
    Assignees: Jilin Zhongcheng Oil Shale Investment and Development Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Jinmin Zhao
  • Patent number: 9689250
    Abstract: The present disclosure is directed to systems and methods for rotating a drill string to mitigate stick-slip oscillations. An embodiment includes a method of rotating a drill string driven by a drive system using a control system. The method includes measuring torque values of the drive system with a torque sensor. The method also includes determining a frequency of stick-slip oscillations at the drive system based on the torque values using the control system. The method also includes determining an estimated instantaneous rotational speed of the drive system with the control system based on at least the frequency of stick-slip oscillations and a characteristic impedance of the drill string. The method also includes adjusting the estimated instantaneous rotational speed based on changes in the torque values to define an adjusted estimated instantaneous rotation speed with the control system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 17, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 27, 2017
    Assignee: TESCO CORPORATION
    Inventors: Amir Badkoubeh, Alex Strand, Douglas Greening
  • Patent number: 9665604
    Abstract: A method, apparatus, and program product facilitate the management of time domain data in a collaborative petro-technical application environment by associating time domain data in a shared project or repository with a data-specific SRD value. By doing so, when the time domain data is retrieved into a local project or client application for a particular user, the SRD for the time domain data and the SRD for the local project or client application may be used to facilitate conversion of the time domain data for use with the SRD for the local project or client application.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 31, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 30, 2017
    Assignee: Schlumberger Technology Corporation
    Inventors: Cristiano da Silva Marcolino, Raj Kannan, Dominic Suen
  • Patent number: 9659252
    Abstract: A computer-implemented method for determining elastic properties for a heterogeneous anisotropic geological formation is described herein. The method includes grouping sonic velocity data from a borehole section (or borehole sections) into a number of clusters (e.g., one or more clusters). The sonic velocity data is grouped into clusters using petrophysical log data from the borehole section. The method also includes inverting the sonic velocity data for the clusters to determine elastic properties for each cluster. In some cases, the elastic properties for the clusters are combined to determine a relationship between the elastic properties and formation heterogeneity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 22, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 23, 2017
    Assignee: SCHLUMBERGER TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION
    Inventors: Jeroen Jocker, Erik Wielemaker, Romain Charles Andre Prioul, Henri-Pierre Valero, Maurizio Ferla, Ferdinanda Pampuri
  • Patent number: 9650880
    Abstract: The present disclosure is directed to systems and methods for rotating a drill string to overcome issues related to static friction during drilling. An embodiment includes a drive system configured to rotate the drill string through variable angular displacements and at variable rotation speeds based on control signals received by the drive system, and a control system configured transmit the control signals to the drive system, wherein the control system is configured to generate the control signals based on pipe characteristics within the drill string and friction values associated with the drill string to establish a rotation pattern of the drive system to approach a desired effective reach of surface torque generated by the drive system on the drill string.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 3, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2017
    Assignee: TESCO CORPORATION
    Inventors: Ryan Thomas Bowley, Doug Christian Greening
  • Patent number: 9574427
    Abstract: An assembly to recover hydrocarbon gas from a seabed comprises one or more self-propelled drilling devices that include hydrocarbon sensors and a sublimation mechanism to induce sublimation of crystallized hydrates into hydrocarbon gases. As the drilling device moves through the wellbore, hydrocarbon deposits are detected and the sublimation mechanism induces sublimation of the deposits to release hydrocarbon gases up through the formation to the seabed. A bladder is positioned atop the wellbore to capture the release hydrocarbon gas and transfer it to a surface vessel for collection.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 13, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 21, 2017
    Assignee: Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.
    Inventor: Ronald Johannes Dirksen
  • Patent number: 9567843
    Abstract: A drilling method includes assigning values to behaviors of drilling parameters during a drilling operation; forming multiple parameter signatures, each of the parameter signatures comprising a respective combination of the values; comparing the parameter signatures to multiple event signatures, each of the event signatures being indicative of a respective drilling event; and controlling the drilling operation in response to at least a partial match resulting from comparing the parameter signatures to the event signatures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 7, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 14, 2017
    Assignee: Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.
    Inventors: Saad Saeed, Charles M. Pool, Frank Urias, James R. Lovorn, Emad Bakri
  • Patent number: 9506335
    Abstract: Embodiments of a downhole drilling assembly generally include a rotatable lower drilling assembly, a rotatable upper drilling assembly, and a drill bit, wherein the upper drilling assembly contains a mud motor adapted for clockwise rotation of its stator and counter-clockwise rotation of its rotor, whereby the lower drilling assembly is rotatable in the opposite direction of the upper drilling assembly or maintainable in a non-rotating state. The apparatus further includes sensors adapted to continuously measure physical properties and/or drilling parameters and a mechanism for continuously transmitting information relating thereto to the surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 26, 2015
    Date of Patent: November 29, 2016
    Inventor: Gary Smith
  • Patent number: 9500045
    Abstract: An apparatus including a stationary section having a first central fluid passage and operably connected to a drilling fluid inlet and a conduit, a rotating and reciprocating section having a second central fluid passage and operably connected to a tubular, wherein the rotating and reciprocating section reciprocates along a longitudinal axis and rotates in conjunction with the tubular and the conduit, and a third section having a third central fluid passage in fluid communication between the first and second central fluid passages, where the third section is operably disposed between the first and rotating and reciprocating sections to permit the rotating and reciprocating section to slide axially even during rotation and to permit only rotational motion at an end adjacent the stationary section.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 17, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 22, 2016
    Assignee: Canrig Drilling Technology Ltd.
    Inventors: Beat Kuttel, Lemuel T. York, Faisal J. Yousef, Keith A. Hager, Randy Slocum
  • Patent number: 9411068
    Abstract: Logging tools and methods for obtaining a three-dimensional (3D) image of the region around a borehole. In at least some embodiments, a 3D imaging tool rotates, transmitting pulses that are approximately a nanosecond long and measuring the time it takes to receive reflections of these pulses. Multiple receivers are employed to provide accurate triangulation of the reflectors. In some cases, multiple transmitters are employed to obtain compensated measurements, i.e., measurements that compensate for variations in the receiver electronics. Because reflections occur at boundaries between materials having different dielectric constants, the 3D imaging tool can map out such boundaries in the neighborhood of the borehole. Such boundaries can include: the borehole wall itself, boundaries between different formation materials, faults or other discontinuities in a formation, and boundaries between fluids in a formation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 23, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 9, 2016
    Assignee: HALLIBURTON ENERGY SERVICES, INC.
    Inventors: Michael S. Bittar, Jing Li, Stephen A. Zannoni
  • Patent number: 9347293
    Abstract: Displaying data associated with drilling a borehole. At least some of the illustrative embodiments are methods including: reading data associated with drilling of a first borehole, at least one datum of the data based on a controllable parameter; calculating an operational value related to drilling the first borehole, the calculating in real-time with reading the data and the operational value based on the data; determining a target value of the operational value, the determining in real-time with reading the data and the target value at least in part based on the data; displaying a first borehole trajectory on a display device; superimposing a first coordinate system over the first borehole trajectory on the display device, the superimposing proximate to a distal end of the first borehole trajectory; and plotting, within the first coordinate system, an indication of the operational value and an indication of the target value.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 3, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 24, 2016
    Assignee: LANDMARK GRAPHICS CORPORATION
    Inventors: Robello Samuel, Umesh N. Reddy, R. Daniel Colvin, Ramakrishna R. Chada, Olivier R. Germain
  • Patent number: 9325269
    Abstract: An electrical power generation system includes a flux switching machine (FSM) including an FSM rotor operatively connected to an FSM stator, the FSM rotor operatively connected to a shaft, wherein the FSM includes an electrical input/output (i/o) in electrical communication with the FSM stator, and a permanent magnet machine (PMM) including a PMM rotor operatively connected to a PMM stator, the PMM rotor operatively connected to a the shaft, wherein the PMM is electrically connected to the FSM.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 17, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 26, 2016
    Assignee: Hamilton Sundstrand Corporation
    Inventors: Dhaval Patel, Andreas C. Koenig, Todd A. Spierling
  • Patent number: 9309726
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for remotely adjusting the hydraulic horse power per square inch (HSI) of a drill bit. The apparatus and method may allow the nozzle geometry to be varied remotely without the need to pull the drill string outside the hole. This nozzle may include a body configured to be secured within the rotary drill bit, and a fluid passage within that body that leads to an orifice. The geometry of the fluid passage may be variable, and varying it may result in a change in the nozzle HSI; this may allow drilling different rock formations to be optimized in different drilling environments. Different placements of the nozzle, such as within the inner flow passage or between the inner flow passage and annular flow passage for controlling flow profile within a wellbore, a tubular string or a flow conduit, may be envisioned.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 17, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 12, 2016
    Assignee: MIT INNOVATION SDN BHD
    Inventors: Ahmed Tahoun, Raed I Kafafy, Karam J Jawamir, Mohammed A Aldheeb, Abdul Mushawwir Khalil
  • Patent number: 9261620
    Abstract: System and method for deploying multiple antennas in an array configuration with unobstructed electromagnetic access to a formation outside of a casing, sequencing the transmitted signal to control the direction of transmission into the formation, receiving the reflected signals, and locating the position of the reflection based on the scanned transmission signal orientation and the direction of the received signal. Such a deployment of an antenna array with unobstructed electromagnetic access to the formation outside of the casing, sequencing of the interrogation signal, and analysis of the received signal relative to the transmitted signal direction form the basis for reflection image rendering as the transmitted signal is scanned by a sequenced stimulus signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 8, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 16, 2016
    Inventors: Micah Thomas Mangione, Paul Henson Townsend, Robert J. Duenckel
  • Patent number: 9249655
    Abstract: A top drive control system with a remote control having a processor and data storage connected to a torque pin sensor, a speed sensor, a remote control, which enables a user to actuate automatic remote rocking, drilling, orienting and making-up of a drill string using the top drive and provides simultaneous right hand and left hand torque applied to the drill string while simultaneously controlling speed of turning of the drill string. The top drive control system includes computer instructions for automated orienting of drill pipe, automated drilling with drill pipe and automated making-up of drill pipe into a drill string.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 2, 2016
    Inventors: Larry G. Keast, Stephen Lee Gerhauser, Jr.
  • Patent number: 9243488
    Abstract: A drill collar assembly allows a sensor to be mounted with the same standoff from a borehole wall independent of the size of stabilizer and borehole involved. A sensor component disposes in a receptacle in the drill collar, but does not affix in the receptacle. Instead, a stabilizer fits on the drill collar and covers the receptacle, and the sensor component mounts directly to the underside of the stabilizer so the component “floats” or “suspends” in the receptacle. The sensor component can mount at a stabilizer blade so the sensor can be positioned in closer proximity to the borehole wall to measure parameters of interest. Because the drill collar and sensor component can be used in different sized boreholes, different sized stabilizers may be positioned on the drill collar to account for the different sized boreholes while the sensor still has the same standoff.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 15, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 26, 2016
    Assignee: PRECISION ENERGY SERVICES, INC.
    Inventor: Lance C. Pate
  • Patent number: 9228407
    Abstract: An expandable tubular assembly includes an expander for expanding a tubular. The expander may be hydraulically actuated. A bore obstruction object may be received in a receptacle sleeve that is a modular component of the expandable tubular assembly. In this respect, the expandable tubular assembly may be quickly fitted with a receptacle sleeve designed to receive selected type of bore obstruction object.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 5, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 5, 2016
    Assignee: Weatherford Technology Holdings, LLC
    Inventors: Darren Richard Santeler, Derek Slater Payne, Mike A. Luke
  • Patent number: 9222325
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a marine riser isolation tool in particular to an autonomous marine riser isolation tool having a robotic plug installation device that is adapted for positioning a pipeline isolation plug in a vertical pipe such as a marine riser, resulting in sealing of the marine riser.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 29, 2015
    Assignee: THE SAFER PLUG COMPANY LIMITED
    Inventors: Ciaran Early, Gary Murray, Raymond Honour
  • Patent number: 9217286
    Abstract: Disclosed are systems and methods for preventing backdriving of a mud motor through its output. One disclosed mud motor may include a housing having a longitudinal axis, a rotor disposed within the housing and configured to rotate generally about the longitudinal axis in a first direction with respect to the housing when a flow of fluid is provided to the power generator, an output shaft at least partially disposed within the housing and coupled to the rotor, and an anti-reverse bearing arranged radially between the output shaft and the housing and configured to support the output shaft within the housing and allow rotation of the output shaft in the first direction but resist rotation of the output shaft in a second direction about the longitudinal axis with respect to the housing, the second direction being opposite the first direction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 22, 2015
    Assignee: Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.
    Inventor: Mark A. Sitka
  • Patent number: 9206647
    Abstract: A downhole rotational rate control apparatus, adapted for coupling to the lower end of a drill string, includes a progressive cavity (PC) motor, a driveshaft, a mud flow control valve, and an electronics section. Drilling mud flowing downward through the drill string is partially diverted to flow upward through the PC motor and out into the wellbore annulus, with the mud flow rate and, in turn, the PC motor speed being controlled by the mud flow control valve. The control valve is actuated by a control motor in response to inputs from a sensor assembly in the electronics section. The PC motor drives the driveshaft and a controlled downhole device at a specific zero or non-zero rotational rate. By varying the rotational rate of the PC motor relative to the rotational rate of the drill string, the tool face orientation or non-zero rotational speed of the controlled device in either direction can be varied in a controlled manner.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 17, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 8, 2015
    Assignee: Dreco Energy Services ULC
    Inventors: Jonathan Ryan Prill, Nicholas Ryan Marchand, Ralph William Graeme Johns
  • Patent number: 9164198
    Abstract: Compositions, structures and methods that relate to films having switchable reflectivity and anti-reflectivity depending on ambient conditions, such as temperature. A film with switchable reflectivity and anti-reflectivity includes a nanostructured first layer having nanopillars associated with nanowells. A hydrogel occupies at least a portion of the nanowells. As the hydrogel moves from a dehydrated state to a hydrated state, the surface of the film switches from being reflective to being anti-reflective in a repeatable and reversible process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 23, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 20, 2015
    Assignee: KOREA UNIVERSITY RESEARCH AND BUSINESS FOUNDATION
    Inventors: Kwangyeol Lee, Donghoon Choi
  • Patent number: 9157314
    Abstract: In a method for drilling a borehole real time geosteering data, including natural gamma ray data is obtained for a plurality of borehole positions for drilling a borehole along a projected trajectory. A formation layer having a thickness equal to or greater than the natural gamma ray sphere of influence and having a first lithology is identified. Data is processed for subsequent borehole positions. Upon location of the boundary of a formation layer of different lithology within the natural gamma ray sphere of influence, at least two points of the different formation layer boundary are determined by using the inverse problem methods, and an extrapolation ahead of the drill bit of at least two points is made utilizing the boundary to determine whether to change the borehole trajectory.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 14, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 13, 2015
    Inventor: Michael Pogrebinsky
  • Patent number: 9145768
    Abstract: A method for drilling a wellbore includes operating at least one motor coupled within a drill string to turn a drill bit at an end thereof. An automatic drill string rotation controller causes rotation of the drill string in a first direction until a measured parameter related to torque on the drill string reaches a first selected value. The automatic drill string rotation controller causes rotation of the drill string in a second direction until the measured parameter related to torque is reduced to a second selected value. The drill string is axially advanced to cause the drill bit to extend the wellbore.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 3, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 29, 2015
    Assignee: Schlumberger Technology Corporation
    Inventors: Andrew Derek Normore, Eric E. Maidla
  • Patent number: 9133703
    Abstract: A steering tool is movable by a drill string to form an underground bore along an intended path. A sensing arrangement of the steering tool detects its pitch and yaw orientations at a series of spaced apart positions along the bore, each position is characterized by a measured extension of the drill string. The steering tool further includes a receiver. At least one marker is positioned proximate to the intended path, for transmitting a rotating dipole field to expose a portion of the intended path to the field for reception by the receiver. The detected pitch orientation, the detected yaw orientation and the measured extension of the drill string are used in conjunction with magnetic information from the receiver to locate the steering tool. The steering tool may automatically use the magnetic information when it is available. A customized overall position determination accuracy can be provided along the intended path.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 24, 2014
    Date of Patent: September 15, 2015
    Assignee: Merlin Technology Inc.
    Inventors: Guenter W. Brune, Albert W. Chau, Rudolf Zeller, John E. Mercer
  • Patent number: 9121156
    Abstract: A device is capable of autonomously burrowing into the earth and, when at depth, discharging a fluid into a geologic formation. The device includes a component body holding a computer controller; a battery; a motor; and a coiled hose. A drill head external to the component body is equipped with a spiral blade that burrows down pulling the component body with it. A cylindrical shell surrounding the component body creates an annulus where debris from the drill head flows upward. The coiled hose is released from the component body as the device descends. An electrical cable may be co-wound with the coiled hose or may be embedded in the wall of the coiled hose. Fluid may be conveyed through the coiled hose to a discharge valve in the component body. The discharge valve is connected to a telescoping discharge nozzle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 1, 2015
    Date of Patent: September 1, 2015
    Assignee: SS Associates, Trustee for Soil stabilizer CRT Trust
    Inventor: S. Mill Calvert
  • Patent number: 9121223
    Abstract: A technique facilitates drilling of wellbores with a steerable system having a plurality of pads which may be selectively actuated in a lateral direction to apply a side force. Application of the side force is used to steer a drill bit. A valve system is positioned to control delivery of actuating fluid under pressure to individual pads in a manner that enables steering of the drill bit. The valve system allows drilling along a desired curve by controlling the flow of actuating fluid under pressure to specific steering pads at specific angular positions. The valve system also allows drilling along a desired trajectory by preventing exposure of the pads to the pressurized actuating fluid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 11, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 1, 2015
    Assignee: Schlumberger Technology Corporation
    Inventors: Nobuyoshi Niina, Oleg Polyntsev
  • Patent number: 9027671
    Abstract: Apparatus and method for automated drilling of a borehole in a subsurface formation. In one embodiment, a method includes selecting at least one control variable. A drilling performance objective having a value that is influenced by drilling of the borehole using the at least one control variable is defined. A first interval of the borehole is drilled maintaining the at least one control variable at a first value. A second interval of the borehole is drilled maintaining the at least one control variable at a second value. A third interval of the borehole is drilled maintaining the at least one control variable at a third value. The third value is selected based on a comparison of the values of the drilling performance objective while drilling the first interval and second interval to a predetermined optimal value of the drilling performance objective.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 12, 2015
    Assignee: National Oilwell Varco, L.P.
    Inventor: William Leo Koederitz
  • Publication number: 20150053483
    Abstract: A drilling control and information system comprising: a rig site network (102) including a drilling equipment controller (112) and a drilling parameter sensor (116); a downhole sensor (118) communicatively coupled to the rig site network; a data center (104) communicatively coupled to the rig site network; a remote access site (106) communicatively coupled to the data center; and a pressure management application (300) communicatively coupled to the rig site network, wherein the pressure management application receives pressure data from the drilling parameter sensor and the downhole sensor and issues an operating instruction to the drilling equipment controller.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 3, 2013
    Publication date: February 26, 2015
    Inventor: Robert Eugene Mebane, III
  • Publication number: 20150053484
    Abstract: A bottomhole assembly (BHA) coupled to a drill string includes one or more controllers, and a hole enlargement device that selectively enlarges the diameter of the wellbore formed by the drill bit. The hole enlargement device includes an actuation unit that may move extendable cutting elements of the hole enlargement device between a radially extended position and a radially retracted position. The actuation unit may be responsive to a signal that is transmitted from a downhole and/or a surface location. The hole enlargement device may also include one or more position sensors that transmit a position signal indicative of a radial position of the cutting elements. In an illustrative operating mode, one or more operating parameters of the hole enlargement device may be adjusted based on one or more measured parameters. This adjustment may be done in a closed-loop or automated fashion and/or by human personnel.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 4, 2014
    Publication date: February 26, 2015
    Inventors: Matthias Meister, Wolfgang E. Herberg, Gunnar Bothmann, Joachim Treviranus, Carsten Freyer, Hans-Robert Oppelaar
  • Publication number: 20150041137
    Abstract: An automatic drilling apparatus having a tool body, a motive device connected to the tool body, and a drill bit connected to the tool body. The apparatus also includes a setting tool connected to the body, at least one sensor disposed on the tool body, and a computer disposed in the tool body, wherein the computer is configured to actuate the motive device, the drill bit, the setting tool, and the at least one sensor.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 20, 2013
    Publication date: February 12, 2015
    Inventor: Alejandro Rodriguez
  • Patent number: 8950512
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for estimating the instantaneous rotational speed of a bottom hole assembly at the lower end of a drill string. In one embodiment, a method includes driving the drill string by a drilling mechanism at the upper end of the drill string. A fundamental frequency of stick-slip oscillations suffered by the drill string is estimated. Variations in a drive torque of the drilling mechanism are determined. Known torsional compliance of the drill string is combined with the variations in the drive torque. An output signal representing the instantaneous rotational speed is provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 16, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2015
    Assignee: National Oilwell Varco, L.P.
    Inventors: Pal Jacob Nessjoen, Age Kyllingstad
  • Patent number: 8939233
    Abstract: A method of controlling a direction of a toolface of a bottom hole assembly for slide drilling, comprises a) synchronizing the toolface wherein synchronizing the toolface comprises determining a relationship between the rotational position of the down hole toolface with a rotational position at the surface of the formation for at least one point in time, b) stopping rotation of the drill string coupled to the bottom hole assembly, c) controlling torque at the surface of the drill string to control a rotational position of the toolface, and d) commencing a slide of the drill string.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 11, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2015
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: David Alston Edbury, Jose Victor Guerrero, Duncan Charles MacDonald, James Bryon Rogers, Donald Ray Sitton
  • Patent number: 8893822
    Abstract: An apparatus and method of performing a wellbore operation. The apparatus includes a drill bit that has a cavity at an end thereof and a communication device placed in the cavity. The communication device includes a first section and a second section. An outer dimension of the second section is greater than an outer dimension of the first section. The second section includes a conduit configured to allow passage of a conductor from the drill bit to a location outside the drill bit so as to provide a direct connection of the conductor from the drill bit to an element outside the drill bit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 1, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2014
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: Tu Tien Trinh, Eric Sullivan
  • Patent number: 8875807
    Abstract: Exemplary methods, systems and components disclosed herein provide propagation of light signals from an external source to a borehole mining mole which includes an optical/electric transducer configured to provide propulsive power for the borehole mining mole and its associated mineral prospecting tools. Some embodiments include one or more umbilicals connected from a remote source location to an onboard reel incorporated with the borehole mining mole. The umbilicals are spooled outwardly or inwardly from the onboard reel during traverse of the borehole mining mole along a path in an earthen environment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 4, 2014
    Assignee: Elwha LLC
    Inventors: Roderick A. Hyde, Muriel Y. Ishikawa, Jordin T. Kare, Nathan P. Myhrvold, Clarence T. Tegreene, Charles Whitmer, Lowell L. Wood, Jr., Victoria Y. H. Wood
  • Patent number: 8843220
    Abstract: A position and velocity measuring tool for use on a top drive of a drilling rig having a variable frequency drive connected to an electric motor and power supply. The position and velocity measuring tool further has a processor connected to the variable frequency drive and a data storage and computer instructions for presenting an operator directional drilling steering system dashboard with numerous visual components which creates and uses a virtual encoder eliminating a failure point of a mechanical encoder.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 13, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 23, 2014
    Inventors: Paul F. Rembach, Reiner Fiege
  • Publication number: 20140251687
    Abstract: Wellbore drilling apparatus and methods are provided. The apparatus includes a reaming subassembly including one or more reamers configured to ream a wellbore. The reaming subassembly defines a cutting aggressiveness that is variable while the reaming subassembly is disposed in a wellbore. The apparatus also includes an actuator coupled with the reaming subassembly and configured to vary the cutting aggressiveness of the reaming subassembly in response to an actuation signal.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 11, 2013
    Publication date: September 11, 2014
    Applicant: BP Corporation North America Inc
    Inventor: James McKay
  • Patent number: 8798384
    Abstract: A dynamic data compression system for forming and transmitting data from a downhole location within a borehole penetrating the earth to a surface location includes a data source that forms raw data sets of a formation contacting the borehole, the raw data sets being formed at a fixed rate and a data rate sampler that determines a transmission rate of a transmission channel. The system also includes a compression engine configured to compress the raw data sets according to compression parameters to form compressed data sets. The compression parameters are dynamically changed based on the transmission rate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 15, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 5, 2014
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: Trung Hai Le, Andreas Hartmann
  • Patent number: 8776915
    Abstract: A locking clutch to selectively transmit torque from a stator of a downhole tool to a rotor of the downhole tool includes at least one locking pawl radially between the rotor and the stator and configured to engage at least one recess formed in an outer periphery of the rotor, and a biasing mechanism configured to bias the at least one locking pawl into an engaged position. The at least one locking pawl includes a load path, two pivot axes, and a mass center. The at least one locking pawl transmits force from the stator to the rotor along the load path when in the engaged position, and centrifugal force urges the at least one locking pawl into a disengaged position when the rotor is rotated about one of the two pivot axes above a disengagement speed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 2008
    Date of Patent: July 15, 2014
    Assignee: Smith International, Inc.
    Inventors: James Edmond Beylotte, Lance D. Underwood
  • Patent number: 8752647
    Abstract: This application is directed to a pressure balanced mud motor. The mud motor includes a power section to rotate a passageway housing and propel fluid through a passageway disposed in the passageway housing. The mud motor also includes a hydraulic apparatus for balancing a pressure drop experienced across a bearing assembly due to frictional flow of fluid through the passageway.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 12, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 17, 2014
    Assignee: Thru Tubing Solutions, Inc.
    Inventors: Brock Watson, Gregory Kliewer, Roger L. Schultz
  • Publication number: 20140138156
    Abstract: A steering tool is movable by a drill string to form an underground bore along an intended path. A sensing arrangement of the steering tool detects its pitch and yaw orientations at a series of spaced apart positions along the bore, each position is characterized by a measured extension of the drill string. The steering tool further includes a receiver. At least one marker is positioned proximate to the intended path, for transmitting a rotating dipole field to expose a portion of the intended path to the field for reception by the receiver. The detected pitch orientation, the detected yaw orientation and the measured extension of the drill string are used in conjunction with magnetic information from the receiver to locate the steering tool. The steering tool may automatically use the magnetic information when it is available. A customized overall position determination accuracy can be provided along the intended path.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 24, 2014
    Publication date: May 22, 2014
    Applicant: Merlin Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: Guenter W. Brune, Albert W. Chau, Rudolf Zeller, John E. Mercer
  • Publication number: 20140110170
    Abstract: A boring tool moves having a pitch orientation, a yaw orientation and a roll orientation and is steerable underground using the roll orientation. A maximum drill string curvature is established for steering. The boring tool is advanced over a path segment. An averaged roll characteristic is determined for movement of the boring tool along the path segment. A path segment pitch orientation is established based on at least one measured pitch orientation along the path segment. Using the maximum drill string curvature in combination with the averaged roll characteristic and the path segment pitch orientation, the yaw orientation is determined. The averaged roll characteristic is determined based on a series of incremental roll measurements that are spaced across the path segment. A set of coupled ordinary differential equations is used to characterize movement of the boring tool.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 4, 2013
    Publication date: April 24, 2014
    Applicant: Merlin Technology Inc.
    Inventors: James W. Burrows, Guenter W. Brune, John E. Mercer
  • Publication number: 20140110171
    Abstract: Described herein is a reamer tool (100) having a body (105) with bays (115) in which cutter arms (110) are mounted for deployment between a stowed position and a deployed position. A deployment mechanism is provided for deploying the cutter arms from their stowed position to their deployed position that maintains each cutter arm in a position that is substantially parallel to a longitudinal axis of the body (105) whilst in its stowed position and in its deployed position as well as during its deployment from its stowed position to its deployed position. A control module (300) is also described for controlling the deployment of the cutter arms (110). The control module (300) comprises a motor (310), a gearing mechanism (315) and a moveable element (320) that closes a port (385) in a first position and opens the port (385) in a second position.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 22, 2012
    Publication date: April 24, 2014
    Applicant: Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.
    Inventors: Jean-Pierre Lassoie, John Ransford Hardin
  • Patent number: 8689906
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for estimating the instantaneous rotational speed of a bottom hole assembly at the lower end of a drill string. In one embodiment, a method includes driving the drill string by a drilling mechanism at the upper end of the drill string. A fundamental frequency of stick-slip oscillations suffered by the drill string is estimated. Variations in a drive torque of the drilling mechanism are determined. Known torsional compliance of the drill string is combined with the variations in the drive torque. An output signal representing the instantaneous rotational speed is provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 8, 2014
    Assignee: National Oilwell Varco, L.P.
    Inventors: Pal Jacob Nessjoen, Age Kyllingstad
  • Patent number: 8672055
    Abstract: Methods and systems for drilling to a target location include a control system that receives an input comprising a planned drilling path to a target location and determines a projected location of a bottom hole assembly of a drilling system. The projected location of the bottom hole assembly is compared to the planned drilling path to determine a deviation amount. A modified drilling path is created to the target location as selected based on the amount of deviation from the planned drilling path, and drilling rig control signals that steer the bottom hole assembly of the drilling system to the target location along the modified drilling path are generated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 19, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 18, 2014
    Assignee: Canrig Drilling Technology Ltd.
    Inventors: Scott Gilbert Boone, Brian Ellis, Colin James Gillan, Beat Kuttel
  • Patent number: 8640793
    Abstract: A dynamic steering tool for use with a horizontal directional drilling machine. The tool comprises and inner member, an outer member, a steering member, a drill stem, and a drill bit. The drill stem extends from within a borehole to the surface while the outer member only extends the length of the inner member within the borehole. The outer member is powered via the use of a progressive cavity motor. In operation, the drill stem, inner member, and drill bit rotate in a clockwise position while the outer member rotates in a counterclockwise direction. Rotating the outer member opposite the inner member allows the outer member to remain stationary and cause the tool to steer while the inner member continues to rotate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 4, 2014
    Assignee: Earth Tool Company, LLC
    Inventor: Steven W. Wentworth
  • Publication number: 20140027174
    Abstract: The invention provides a method of optimising the rate of penetration of a hydraulically or pneumatically powered rotor and stator driven drill as it drills a wellbore into the earth, the method comprising: (a) measuring a first set of rotor and stator operating parameters including the weight applied to the drill bit, the speed of rotation of the rotor and rotor torque for a first period of time, (b) generating a first set of relationships from the first set of operating parameters to enable the rotor speed and rotor torque to be predicted over a range of operating parameter values, (c) determining the rate of penetration for the first period of time from measurements of weight applied to the bit and rotation speed of the bit, (d) determining whether any other combination of weight applied to bit and rotation speed of bit, provided by the relationships determined in step (b) are capable of providing a greater rate of penetration, and (e) adjusting at least one operating parameter to move the weight applied t
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 13, 2011
    Publication date: January 30, 2014
    Applicant: SCHLUMBERGER TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION
    Inventors: Maurice Ringer, Michael P. Barrett, Benjamin P. Jeffryes, Walter David Aldred, Ashley Johnson
  • Publication number: 20140027175
    Abstract: Optimising the operation of a hydraulically powered rotor and stator driven drill as it drills a wellbore into the earth is described. Drilling optimization is provided measuring a first set of rotor and stator operating parameters including the speed of rotation of the rotor and rotor torque for a first period of time, generating a first set of relationships from the first set of operating parameters to enable the rotor speed and rotor torque to be predicted over a range of operating parameter values, determining from the relationships a first more optimal mode of operation, and changing at least one operating parameter to move the operation of the rotor and stator towards the more optimal mode of operation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 13, 2011
    Publication date: January 30, 2014
    Applicant: SCHLUMBERGER TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION
    Inventors: Maurice Ringer, Michael P. Barrett, Benjamin P. Jeffryes, Walter David Aldred, Ashely Johnson, Gokturk Tunc, John Cook
  • Patent number: RE44956
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for precisely controlling the rotation of a drill string. A sensor monitors the rotation of the drill string and transmits the rotational information to a computer. The computer controls the rotation of the motor driving the drill string and rotates the drill string through an angle input by the operator. The computer may also utilize the sensor's rotational information to oscillate the drill string between two predetermined angles. The computer may also receive orientation information from a downhole tool sensor. The downhole tool information may be combined with the rotational information to enable the computer to accurately reorient the downhole tool.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 18, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 24, 2014
    Assignee: Canrig Drilling Technology Ltd.
    Inventors: Allan S. Richardson, Beat Küttle
  • Patent number: RE44973
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for precisely controlling the rotation of a drill string. A sensor monitors the rotation of the drill string and transmits the rotational information to a computer. The computer controls the rotation of the motor driving the drill string and rotates the drill string through an angle input by the operator. The computer may also utilize the sensor's rotational information to oscillate the drill string between two predetermined angles. The computer may also receive orientation information from a downhole tool sensor. The downhole tool information may be combined with the rotational information to enable the computer to accurately reorient the downhole tool. REEXAMINATION RESULTS The questions raised in reexamination proceeding No. 90/011,617, filed Apr. 1, 2011, have been considered, and the results thereof are reflected in this reissue patent which constitutes the reexamination certificate required by 35 U.S.C. 307 as provided in 37 CFR 1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 9, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 1, 2014
    Inventors: Allan S. Richardson, Beat Küttle