Abstract: A system, method and apparatus for using a tool in a borehole is disclosed. The tool is disposed in the borehole. The tool includes a member rotatable substantially independently of the tool. The member is slidably coupled to a wall of the borehole. The tool is conveyed through the borehole to produce a rotation of the member as a result of the slidable coupling between the member and the wall of the borehole. A parameter of axial motion is determined from an angle of rotation of the member.
Abstract: A system for making bottom hole assembly (BHA) measurements in the bottom hole assembly (BHA) includes a vibration mechanism configured to use mechanical energy provided by a mechanical energy source to produce a plurality of vibration beats at the BHA. At least one vibration sensor detects the plurality of vibration beats generated by the vibration mechanism. A controller generates a waveform responsive to the detected plurality of vibration beats. The waveform is generated in a first configuration when the BHA has a first weight on bit (WOB) or revolutions per minute (RPM) measurement based on the detected plurality of vibration beats and the waveform is generated in a second configuration when the BHA has a second WOB or RPM measurement based on the detected plurality of vibration beats.
Abstract: A subterranean support-bolt drilling assembly has a drill bit rotatable about a central axis and including at least one cutting edge. The drilling assembly also includes a spacer coupled to a rearward end of the drill bit. A reamer member is coupled to a rearward end of the spacer, the reamer member having at least one cutting element, the at least one cutting element having a cutting edge that extends radially beyond an outer peripheral portion of the drill bit relative to the central axis. A subterranean support-bolt drill bit includes a bit body and at least one cutting element coupled to the bit body. The support-bolt drill bit has a central pilot extending from the bit body in an axially forward direction. The cutting edge of the at least one cutting element extends radially beyond the central pilot relative to a central axis of the drill bit.
Abstract: A drilling system for boring into ground includes a bottom hole assembly having a rotatable casing shoe, an independently rotatable driveshaft disposed within the casing shoe, and a bearing housing interdisposed between the driveshaft and the casing shoe to control a distance between a centerline of the driveshaft and a centerline of the casing shoe. The driveshaft includes a bit disposed at a distal end thereof, extending beyond the casing shoe distal end. The driveshaft centerline and the casing shoe centerline are substantially parallel and radially offset.
Abstract: A downhole tool for increasing a cross-sectional area of a wellbore is provided. The downhole tool may include a first drilling assembly including a first reaming tool for selectively increasing the cross-sectional area of the wellbore. A first ball seat may receive a first ball. At least one of the first ball seat and the first ball may deform to allow the first ball to pass through the first ball seat when a predetermined pressure is applied thereto. A first piston may be coupled to the first ball seat. The first ball seat and the first piston may stroke when the first ball is received within the first ball seat, thereby actuating the first reaming tool between an active state and an inactive state.
October 11, 2013
April 17, 2014
Smith International, Inc.
Manoj D. Mahajan, Charles H. Dewey, Sameer P. Bhoite, Daniel P. Brietzke
Abstract: A wellbore conditioning system is disclosed. The system comprises at least one shaft and at least two eccentric unilateral reamers, wherein the unilateral reamers are positioned at a predetermined distance from each other and the unilateral reamers are positioned at a predetermined rotational angle from each other.
Abstract: A down-the-hole drill hammer assembly includes a casing, a drill stem, a drilling lug segment and a pilot drill bit is provided. The drill stem is housed within the casing and includes an abutment surface. The drilling lug segment is slidably engaged with a distal end of the drill stem and movable between an initial configuration and an extended configuration. The drilling lug segment includes a proximal end engageable with the abutment surface of the drilling lug segment. The drill stem is movable between first and second positions within the pilot drill bit. In moving to the second position, the drill stem slidingly engages the drilling lug segment and moves the drilling lug segment to the extended configuration.
Abstract: A well bore reamer has an elongated body for coupling between members of a well string, a first set of cutting elements on the body at a fixed position, a second set of cutting elements on a sleeve closing around a sleeve carrying portion of the elongated body. The sleeve is slidable along a longitudinal axis of the body and rotatable thereabout. A lower clutch mechanism operates between the sleeve and the elongated body at a bottom end of the body's sleeve carrying portion to block rotation of the sleeve relative to the elongated body in a predetermined direction about the longitudinal axis under sliding of the sleeve into a lowered position adjacent said bottom end of the sleeve carrying portion.
Abstract: A completion system comprises tubular components coupled together to form a completion string. In-flow control devices are provided to permit selective fluid communication between an internal bore of the completion string and the annulus. A reaming tool is provided at a leading end of the completion string and the reaming tool is run into the borehole with the completion string. The reaming tool comprises a fluid-powered drive unit, a reaming body and a reaming nose. In use, the completion string is located in the borehole and fluid is directed to the reaming tool to facilitate reaming of the borehole. A second tubular in the form of a washpipe may extend through an internal bore of the completion string for providing fluid to the reaming tool. The reaming tool is operable at a fluid pressure below a pressure which would activate the in-flow control devices.
April 18, 2012
August 9, 2012
Lance S. Davis, Edward D. Scott, Mark W. Presslie
Abstract: A percussive drill bit or reamer having a plurality of bit segments formed into a circular pattern suitable for drilling or reaming a hole. The bit segments are close-fitted and shaped to increase the cutting area and improve efficiency. Pressurized air exhausted from driving the percussion mechanism, or provided from a separate source, is passed into the bit segment and exits from a side face thereof into the gap formed between adjacent bit segments, thereby driving out any debris present in the gap and preventing binding of the bit segments. When utilized with mechanically-driven percussive bit assemblies, where air is only needed to remove debris from a rock face, separately-provided air is delivered to the bit segments of the present invention as described above to clear the gaps of debris.
Abstract: A underreamer drill bit assembly including a pilot bit and extendable underreaming arms operatively connected to the pilot bit. The underreaming arms have an extended position for underreaming, and a retracted position in which the overall diameter of the underreamer drill bit assembly is less than the inside diameter of the well casing, permitting the entire bit assembly to be withdrawn through the well casing. In another aspect of the invention, the bit assembly is operatively connected to a dual wall pipe assembly. A supply of compressed air is conducted through the annulus of the dual wall pipe assembly to a down hole pneumatic hammer. Exhaust air from the down hole hammer is directed to the bit assembly for continuous removal of drilling debris through a central evacuation tube of the dual wall pipe assembly. In another aspect of the invention, a pressurized, incompressible fluid is injected into the annulus between the well casing and the downhole pneumatic hammer.
Abstract: An impact boring tool according to the invention suitable for using with a directional boring machine has a tubular housing and a head mounted at a front end of the housing. The head preferably includes a chisel configured for breaking loose rocks and stones encountered in soil. A striker is disposed within the housing for delivering an impact force to the head, either directly or through one or more intervening parts. A trigger mechanism causes the striker to deliver an impact to the head and chisel only when an external force exerted on the impact tool in its lengthwise direction exceeds a predetermined level. This predetermined level generally coincides with a maximum effective amount of pushing or pulling force for moving the tool through the ground exerted by an external device such as a directional boring machine.
Abstract: An apparatus for making earth bores with simultaneous emplacement of pipe, especially for making well bores, includes an earth boring device (10) with a drive device (12) and a displacement head (14) coaxial with the drive device (12). The outer diameter of the displacement head is larger than that of the drive device (12) and of the surrounding pipe (16) with the pipe being connected to the drive device with a releasable force fit connection, wherein at least three pressure fluid jet nozzles (18) are arranged on the displacement head (14) pointing nearly in the boring direction and arranged at least nearly symmetrical to the longitudinal axis of the displacement head (14).
Abstract: A percussion boring machine for destructive replacement of buried pipelines, having an opening-out cone at the back of the machine housing and cutters spaced in front of said cone, wherein the cutters form part of a breaking-up head slipped on to the housing and the opening-out cone is likewise slipped on to the housing.
February 28, 1991
Date of Patent:
July 7, 1992
Tracto-Technik Paul Schmidt Maschinenfabrik KG
Abstract: A fluid-operated self-propelled subsoil penetrating tool of the type including an elongated housing member having a penetrating nose portion capable of ejecting a jet of liquid under high pressure to break up and disrupt the subsoil adjacent such nose portion followed by a two-component hammering of such soil to displace and compact same as the tool advances. Remotely-operated steering mechanisms control the path of the tool while remotely-read instruments denote the position, depth, direction and attitude of the tool. A trailing umbilical cord provides all motive and operational fluids and electrical power while transmitting instructions and data between the tool and the remote control station. A unique internal structure reduces the rotation of the tool as it advances and provides for the reverse movement of the tool and electrical supplies through the bore created by the movement of the tool through the subsoil.
Abstract: In a ram boring machine for laying pipelines without trenching, a double blade that is axially moveable against a compression spring is housed in an impact tip and projects through slots in the impact tip. The double blade is struck by a striker piston and moves, during the breaking-up of an old pipe laid in the ground, substantially independently of the ram boring machine or of its housing. In this way substantially all the impact energy of the piston is used for the benefit of the breaking-up operation.
September 23, 1986
Date of Patent:
March 22, 1988
Tracto-Technik Paul Schmidt Maschinenfabrik GmbH