Abstract: A watermelon mill has a cutting structure mounted on a removable sleeve. The mandrel can be in two pieces threaded together to trap a ring or lug extending internally from the sleeve. Alternatively the sleeve can serve as a coupling holding together opposed threaded components that then make up the mandrel. The mandrel can have a radial external shoulder to act as a sleeve travel stop and another sleeve can be pushed into the first sleeve that has the cutting structure on it for proper axial fixation. The second sleeve that does not have cutting structure is pushed into position by making up an adjacent pin and box combination at a nearby connection to the cutting structure. What results is a flexible assembly that assembles without welding and retains greater flexibility in the larger sizes due to the assembly method. The sleeve can be tossed when the cutting structure is spent or redressed and remounted for another use.
Abstract: The present invention discloses a cutting tool integrated in a drillstring for enlarging a borehole, where the cutting tool at least comprises: one or more side mills (12, 13, 14) arranged along the axis of said drillstring in a reamer housing (11), where the side mills (12, 13,14) are adapted to be rotated relative to the tool housing (11) by individual driving means. The self driven rotational side mills may be dome shaped cones where expand radially out of the reamer housing (11), or may be a special non-circular dome shaped cones where rotates without expanding.
Abstract: A roller reamer includes a roller assembly deployed in a corresponding axial recess in a tool body. The roller assembly is retained in the axial recess via compound wedging action provided by at least one retention assembly. One or more embodiments utilize first and second retention assemblies located at first and second axially opposed end portions of the roller assembly. The retention assembly includes first and second wedges, the first of which converts a substantially radially directed force to an axially directed force and the second of which converts the axially directed force to a cross-axially directed retention force that retains the roller assembly in the axial recess.
Abstract: A bore hole rotary reamer includes a body having cutters rotatably mounted by one or more respective spindles. A bearing region is formed on the spindle. At least one annular seal prevents ingress of contaminant to the bearing region. A circumferential void is formed adjacent the seal. At least one passageway extends in an axial direction of the spindle to the circumferential void and a piston movable in the passageway in response to supply of pressure to an outer side of the piston from the environment which surrounds the reamer. The piston transfers pressure to fluid in the cylindrical passage on an inner side of the piston to supply pressure to the circumferential void and thereby to the seal. The pressure is substantially determined by the pressure of the environment surrounding the reamer.
Abstract: The present invention provides a reamer (100) having at least one journal body (110) and at least one toroidal cutter body (116). The toroidal cutter body (116) has a maximum diameter (MD), an outer perimeter (OP) and a plurality of cutting elements (112, 145, 149) on the cutting surface (118). The toroidal cutter body is rotatably attached to the journal (110). When in the installed position, the axis of rotation (RA) of the at least one toroidal cutter body (116) intersects the longitudinal axis of the drill string at an acute angle.
Abstract: An improved stabilizing tool includes a body with a pocket, and a roller rotatably disposed in the pocket. The body includes a fluid passageway formed axially therethrough. The passageway has a first zone wherein the pressure of the fluid is relatively high and a second zone wherein the pressure is relatively low. A first conduit provides fluid communication between the first zone and an interior of the roller for the ingress of fluid to the interior, and a second conduit provides fluid communication between the interior of the roller and the second zone for the egress of the fluid back to the fluid passageway.
April 9, 1998
Date of Patent:
August 29, 2000
Orbital Machinig and Manufacturing Ltd.
Constantin Burca, Hugh Gardner, Jim MacPhail, John MacPhail, Constantin Sarbu
Abstract: A drilling tool for use in drilling operations for providing shock absorption capability and lateral support to the rotary drill string. The telescoping axial load shock absorber is positioned immediately adjacent at least one lateral support provided by a reamer or stabilizer. The stabilizer preferably employs a removable fixed blade secured to the tool by an undercut groove. The roller cutter for a reamer is also mounted in a preferred unique manner with the mounting blocks secured in a recess having an undercut retainer portion in the event of bolting failure. The mounting's brackets may be formed integral of the tool body or attached by welding or the like. A preferred form of mounting a blade on a stabilizer tool is also disclosed.
Abstract: An apparatus for creating annular cavities in the bottom of drilled holes in any medium having a body, an axle within the body at one end and rotated by a conventional drill, a reamer secured to the axle at its other end, an inner part enveloping the axle and an outer part enveloping the inner part, both parts being eccentric and rotatable with respect to each other. Their respective eccentricities are such that when opposing each other in opposite directions, the axle is parallel to the outer part. Joint rotation of the parts causes the reamer to move in a planetary manner. The outer part may be held stationary or dragged along by the inner part for joint rotation. Channels are provided within the parts to the reamer to supply cooling water to the reamer and to remove waste material generated by the reamer.
Abstract: A drill string reamer-stabilizer includes a main body adapted to be connected as an element of a rotary drill string. Individual bearing shafts are mounted axially along the exterior of the main body supporting roller cutters that engage the wall of the borehole. Seal units are positioned around each bearing shaft between each roller cutter and bearing shaft to define a lubricant space. The seal units retain lubricant in the lubricant space and prevent contaminating fluid and materials in the borehole from entering the lubricant space. At least one seal unit comprises an annular cup-shaped elastomer seal member with an annular lip mounted in an annular seal gland in the roller cutter. The seal gland has an inner side adjacent the lubricant space and an outer side exposed to the fluid and materials in the borehole.
Abstract: A drill string reamer-stabilizer includes a main body adapted to be connected as an element of a rotary drill string. Individual bearing shafts are mounted axially along the exterior of the main body to support roller cutters that engage the wall of the borehole. Seal units are positioned around each bearing shaft between each roller cutter and bearing shaft to define a lubricant space. The seal units retain lubricant in the lubricant space and prevent contaminating fluid and materials in the borehole from entering the lubricant space. At least one seal unit comprises an annular cup-shaped elastomer seal member mounted in an annular seal gland in the roller cutter. The seal gland has an inner side adjacent the lubricant space and an outer side exposed to the fluid and materials in the borehole.
Abstract: A boring apparatus having a working member mounted for rotation on a lubricated bearing about a shaft member, the apparatus being of the type in which substantial radial and axial relative motion between said members occurs in response to radial and axial loading conditions encountered by the working member during operation in an abrasive laden external environment, including an improved seal assembly between the members for sealing the bearing from the environment while accommodating the radial and axial relative motion, the seal assembly comprising a seal carrier mounted in a space between the members, a dynamic seal element supported between the carrier and one of the members to form a dynamic seal therebetween, and a static seal element supported between the carrier and a radially extending surface of the other of the members, the dynamic seal element being axially slidable along the one member to accommodate the axial relative motion, the static seal element being deformable and radially slidable along t
Abstract: A stabilizer for use in a blast hole drilling has a shaft connectable at each end to a drill string. A plurality of individual bushings are axially spaced along the shaft, and each bushing carries a roller reamer rotatable thereon. Each bushing has its inner bore eccentrically positioned relative to its outer surface, and each bushing is mounted to the shaft so that its major eccentricity is angularly offset from that of the other bushings. In this manner, large diameter roller reamers can be used and the rotational speed thereof is reduced thereby reducing wear and increasing life. There are sufficient rollers such that the stabilizer is centrally supported in the drill hole and will not waver as it rotates.
Abstract: Boring apparatus having a plurality of hole-enlarging assemblies comprising shaft-mounted working members. In a convergent arrangement of the axes of the working members the assemblies are completed by insertion of the elongated shafts via a hollow space in the bottom connector, through passages in the frame. The upper ends of the shafts are shown held in holes in the frame, and the exterior upper and lower surfaces of the frame are shown as surfaces of revolution, free of wear points. The passages are shown to form cut-outs in the thread of the connector in the first preferred embodiment. In other embodiments the passages are formed through an extension of the frame preceding the connector, and a two-part connector assembly is provided, the passage entering a hollow space provided by the outer part.
Abstract: In boring apparatus of the type having cutters mounted for rotation about respective cutter axes in a frame which is in turn rotatable about a frame axis, each cutter having a body carrying teeth which in operation sweep a surface which is oblique to the axis of advance of the apparatus, that improvement wherein each cutter has selected tooth regions, preferably of alternating high and low tooth densities, spaced along the respective cutter axis, the tooth regions of the cutters are arranged in an ordered cycle progressing along the frame axis, and regions adjacent each other in the cycle are on different cutters and overlap each other along the frame axis.